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CONTENTS.

Page.

Abstract of the report on the children of immigrants in schools..

1-86

Scope and method...

5

Public-school pupils—The general investigation

9

Public-school pupils—The intensive investigation

32

Public-school teachers in the elementary grades and kindergartens..

48

Parochial-school pupils—The general investigation ....

63

Comparison of public and parochial school summaries.

70

Statistical completeness of the data for pupils in public and parochial

schools

73

Students in higher educational institutions...

76

Abstract of the report on immigrants as charity seekers

87-157

Method and scope of the investigation...

91

General nativity and race.

93

Apparent cause of need.

115

Aid given..

124

Persons per case.

128

"Type" of case.

129

Age of persons involved in cases assisted.

136

Conjugal condition of persons involved in cases assisted.

137

General occupation of persons under 16 years of age.

142

Years in the United States.

147

Ability to speak English

151

Citizenship

152

Digest of the report on Honolulu, Hawaii..

154

Description of general tables....

154

Abstract of the report on immigration and crime

159-221

Introductory..

163

Census data on volume of crime...

165

Character and scope of the investigation.

170

Method of analysis...

172

General summary of results.

172

Immigrants and natives..

175

The second generation...

178

Races and nationalities

182

New York City magistrates' courts, 1901 to 1908.

183

New York court of general sessions, Oct. 1, 1908, to June 30, 1909

189

County and supreme courts, New York State, 1907–8.

193

The city of Chicago: Police arrests, 1905 to 1908.

198

Massachusetts penal institutions: Commitments during the year ending

Sept. 30, 1909.

204

Alien prisoners in the United States in 1908.

211

The entry of foreign criminals into the United States.

221

Immigration and insanity..

223-251

Aliens excluded because of mental unsoundness.

227

Insane persons deported after landing

229

Insane and feeble-minded aliens in the United States.

229

Foreign-born insane in institutions, 1908...

231

The ratio of insanity among the native-born and among the foreign-born. 234

The native-born of foreign father compared with the native-born of native

father..

235

The alien insane, classified by nationality or race.

237

The tendency to insanity among the immigrants, by nationality or race.. 241

Possible causes of high ratios of insanity among the foreign-born.

245

Summary..

251

Page.

Immigrants in charity hospitals

253–290

General nativity and race.

257

Length of residence in the United States.

262

Cause of treatment.

267

Age of patients..

285

General summary

290

Abstract of the report on steerage conditions

291-303

The old-type steerage..

296

The new-type steerage.

299

The coastwise traffic.

302

Abstract of the report on immigrant homes and aid societies

305-322

Discharge of immigrants to immigrant homes and aid societies..

309

Scope and methods of investigation..

312

Missionaries and representatives.

315

Immigrant homes..

318

Discharge of immigrant women and girls by immigrant homes and aid

societies

319

Abstract of the report on importation and harboring of women for immoral

purposes...

323–350

Introductory.

327

Methods of investigation..

329

Extent of violations of ihe law

330

Nationality.

332

The reasons for the business

334

Recruiting -

334

Methods of importation..

337

Marriage to American citizens.

339

Difficulties of detection...

339

System of exploitation..

339

The control of the girl...

341

The women in the houses.

343

Profits of the traffic..

344

The price of girls....

345

Interstate and local conditions.

347

Results of the traffic...

348

Some tangible results of the investigation...

349

Alien seamen and stowaways.

351-369

Alien seamen

355

Deserting alien seamen.

358

Discharged alien seamen..

361

Stowaways.

363

Conclusions.

367

Appendixes.

368

Contract labor and induced and assisted immigration

371-386

Contract-labor law of 1885...

375

Contract laborers debarred and deported..

378

Scope of the Commission's investigation..

379

Contract labor defined.

379

Employers..

381

Labor agents..

381

State boards of immigration.

383

Padrones ..

383

Operations abroad..

384

The Greek padrone system in the United States

387-408

Padrone system and signification of the term

391

Origin of the systein in the United States and application of the term.. 391

Extent of system in the United States and races to which it is at present

confined.

392

Living conditions and environment of Greek aliens laboring under the

system...

393

Effect of system on aliens, mentally, morally, and physically.

396

History of the padrone system in the United States in connection with

shoe-shining establishments..

398

Effect of system in certain industries

402

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The Greek padrone system in the United States-Continued.

Page.

Causes in Greece and in this country which render the aliens willing to

submit to the system

402

Methods adopted in Greece to induce migration of new material for labor

under the system...

404

Greek railroad laborers

405

Inadequacy of the present laws

406

Appendix....

407

Abstract of the report on immigrant banks.

409-438

Number and distribution of banks...

414

Races predominating as bankers..

415

Origin of immigrant banks

416

Character of proprietors.

416

Character of patrons

417

Why the immigrant patronizes the immigrant bank

417

Classification of immigrant banks...

419

Ownership and capitalization....

419

Methods of securing business..

420

Banking business...

422

Remittances abroad.

425

Rate of exchange.

430

Relation with banking houses.

431

Unsoundness of the system..

Failures and defalcations.

433

State laws on the subject.

434

Difficulties of legislation.

436

General opinions and recommendations.

437

Peonage

439-449

Introductory

443

Definition of peonage.

444

Scope and plan of investigation...

444

No punishment for simple slavery

446

Involuntary servitude in the West.

447

No prosecutions in the West.

447

Peonage in New England.

447

- Abstract of the report on fecundity of immigrant women.

451-500

Introductory:

445

Rhode Island ..

457

Ohio

469

Minnesota.

482

Comparative summary-Rhode Island, Ohio, and Minnesota..

494

Abstract of the report on changes in bodily form of descendants of immigrants. 501 556

General results of the investigation..

505

Measurements of distinct types..

509

Relations between time of immigration and change of type.

527

Rate of physiological development of foreign-born and American-born. 536

Probable causes of change in type ...

541

Problem of heredity.

552

Phenomena of growth

553

Color of hair....

555

Effect of size of family..

555

Abstract of the report on Federal immigration legislation.

55%-584

The native-American movement..

561

The “Know Nothing" movement.

562

“Know Nothings” in Congress..

564

Legislation favorable to foreigners

564

The end of State legislation ..

564

Law to encourage immigration

565

Opposition to contract labor..

566

State control declared unconstitutional.

567

The movement for national control..

568

The immigration law of 1882.

569

The first contract-labor law..

569

Investigations of the Ford committee.

569

Immigration committees established.

570

The immigration law of 1891.

571

The investigations of 1892..

571

President Cleveland's veto...

573

Abstract of the report on Federal immigration legislation-Continued.

Page.

Investigations by the Industrial Commission...

574

The immigration law of 1907....

575

Legislation for the suppression of the white-slave traffic.

577

Chinese legislation....

578

Abstract of the report on steerage legislation, 1819 to 1908.

585 602

Period of the sailing vessel, 1819 to 1855

589

Transition from sail to steam, 1856 to 1872.

594

The period of the steamship, 1873 to 1908..

596

Abstract of the report on the immigration situation in other countries.... 603-647

Canada,

The propaganda in Europe...

607

The propaganda in the United States.

608

Immigration expenditures....

610

Sources of Canada's immigration.

610

Occupations of immigrants..

613

Homestead entries..

614

Irish immigration....

614

Juvenile immigration...

615

Assisted immigration...

615

Immigration to Canada from the United States..

616

The return movement...

618

Immigration to the United States from Canada.

618

The Canadian immigration law..

619

Excluded classes...

619

Rejections at ports of entry.

623

Deportation after landing...

624

Medical officers and their duties.

626

Protection of immigrants...

627

Oriental immigration to Canada.

627

Australia,

Immigration encouraged

631

Earlier immigration

632

Recent immigration

Assisted immigration.

The Australian immigration law.

633

Contract immigrants.

634

Chinese immigration

635

New Zealand-

The New Zealand immigration law

637

Argentina,

Immigration policy..

639

Nationality of immigrants

640

Emigration from Argentina..

641

The Argentine immigration law

641

Administration of the law...

642

Brazil -

Sources of immigration

645

The Brazilian immigration law

646

Appendixes...

649-835

Schedule forms used by the Immigration Commission

653

United States immigration laws and regulations ...

731

Treaty, laws, and regulations governing the admission of Chinese to the

United States

783

United States naturalization laws and regulations.

819

Index

837-900

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