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OCR GUARDIANS ON THE DEEP

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the bay the rise is 55 feet above sea work the room must have been subjected level. At springtides the water in the to a wiform heat for several days, in Bay of Fundy is 19 feet higher than in order that every part of the walls may the Bay of Verte, only 15 miles distant. be uniformly warm, so as to prevent air

The mechanical division of the Sur currents from interfering with the acvey is a wonderful place to visit, as may curacy of the work.

The room is kept be inferred from the fact that it can at blood heat, so that the presence of the make theodolites so accurate that in the supervisors of the engine's operations do triangulation between the Maryland and not interfere with its accuracy. Georgia base-lines the discrepancy was The Coast and Geodetic Survey was less than half an inch in 30 miles, and founded in 1807 under President Jefferthat it can make precise levels so accu son, and was then known as the Coast rate that the maximum error is an inch Survey. Its greatest work dates from to 500 miles. In addition to the marvel 1878, when it was broadened to its presouis tide-predicting machine, it has a cir ent scope. Today it employs 700 men, cular dividing engine with which it con and has become one of the Federal govstructs the scales on the graduated cir ernment's most important bureaus, servcles. This engine has a spindle 4 inches ing well the practical needs of every-day in diameter, tapering three-quarters of life, and at the same time pioneering in an inch to the foot. This spindle must paths of science in a way that has added fit into its bearing so nicely that it has and is adding to the fund of human less than 1/10.000 of an inch play. Be- knowledge on the subjects with which its fore the dividing engine can be set to investigations deal.

HONORS TO COLONEL GOETHALS

The Presentation, by President Woodrow Wilson, of the National Geographic Society Special Gold Medal, and Addresses by Secretary

of State Bryan, the French Ambassador, the German

Ambassador, and Congressman James R. Mann

T

HE ninth annual banquet of the representatives of every great foreign na-
National Geographic Society was tion, officers of the Army and Navy, and

held at the New Willard Hotel, men and women prominent in the world Washington, D. C., on the evening of of science and letters. March 3, 1914, and was made the occa The tables were arranged in the form sion of the Society's formal recognition of a huge gridiron and the banquet hall of the eminent services of Col. George W. beautifully decorated with flowers and Goethals, U. S. ..., to geography and to ilags. Behind the speakers' table, high the world as the builder of the Panama overhead, there was a great blaze of elecCanal.

tric lights spelling the union of the oceans Among the members of the Society and and the completion of the canal in the guests present, numbering more than 8oo, words were the President of the United States,

ATLANTIC—GOETHALS-PACIFIC with a majority of the members of his Cabinet --Secretary of State Bryan, Sec The tributes which were paid to the retary of the Interior Lane, Secretary of guest of honor by the speakers of the the Treasury McAdoo, Secretary of Agri- evening were enthusiastically received culture Houston, Secretary of the Navy by the vast audience. Colonel Goethals Daniels. Secretary of War Garrison, Sec was accorded an honor which has been retary of Labor Wilson; members of the achieved by few men—the distinction of Supreme Court, Senators and Representa- receiving at the hands of the President tives from nearly every State, liplomatic of the United States a gold medal in

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l'hot and copyright by Underwood & Underwow! ".|, D, " IN STUNTSU --TOWERS, BIRDS UND VISITORS. IT I PRIMARY SCHOOL :

ILIPI, MINICO While the children of the peons seldom go to school, either because of indifference 10 the advantages of cducation or lack of school facilities, the children of the well-to-de enjoy clucational indvantages cqual to those of other countries.

HONORS TO COLONEL GOETHALS

679

recognition of his services to his country his Antarctic achievements, resulting in and the world.

the attainment of the South Pole, DePresident Wilson's presentation speech cember 14, 1911." conveyed to the great engineer the thanks

ADDRESS BY DIRECTOR GROSVENOR of the nation, and when he said that the name of Goethals was now written where

111. President, Members of the National only the wiping out of our present civili

Geographic Society: zation could cause it to be forgotten, and

Owing to the sudden, but not serious, called upon him to rise and receive the

illness of our learned and loved Presihighest honor in the gift of the National

dent, Dr. Henry Gannett, and also to the

illness of our Vice-President, Dr. TittGeographic Society, the outburst of ap

mann, the duty of welcoming you here plause which swept over the vast audi

this evening has unexpectedly come to ence almost drowned the voice of Colonel

me at the last moment. Goethals as he tried to find words in

On behalf of the Society, I express which to voice his appreciation of the honor done him.

our very deep appreciation of the fact

that the President of the United States, It was plain that he felt more at home

Hon. Woodrow Wilson, whom we all “dividing the land and uniting the world” at Panama than he did in receiving a

most devotedly serve, has by his pres

ence honored the tribute which we are medal in recognition of his work. Every speaker of the evening lauded giving to the man whose genius built the

Panama Canal. the work of the Americans at Panama and praised the men to whom the world

Before introducing the Toastmaster of

the evening. I ask your indulgence for a owes the canal.

few moments while I read a few statisBefore presenting the French Ambas

tics about the work of the National Geosador, Mr. J. J. Jusserand, the Toastmaster, Secretary Bryan, announced his graphic Society.

graphic Society. The 12 months since election as an Honorary Member of the

we last met in this hall have made the National Geographic Society, "for the

most successful year in the history of the

National Geographic Society. Seventydouble reason that his nation deserves a

four thousand new members have been part in this great undertaking, and because of the personal interest that he has

added to the enrollment, making the total always manifested in the work of this

present membership of the society two Society."

hundred and sixty-one thousand. * At the end of the speaking Secretary

These are distributed in sixteen thouBryan, the Toastmaster, proposed a toast

sand towns, villages, and hamlets in the

United States and in two thousand cities to the wife who had stood by her husband so loyally during the long and try

in foreign countries. California in proing siege of work that had been his lot at

portion to its population is our banner Panama.

State, with a membership of twenty-five The special medal of the Society is

Ulousand. New York City leads our

cities, with an enrollment of nineteen made of heavy Roman gold and bears the

thousand. There is not a commuity of following inscription : *This special medal of the National

one hundred white people in the United

States where a member of our Society Geographic Society is awarded to George

cannot be found. Washington Goethals, to whose ability

The explorations and educational work and patriotism the world owes the con

of the Society during the past year have struction of the Panama Canal, Mareli 3,

kept pace with the increase in member1914." A special medal of the National Geo

ship. We have been continuing our re

searches in Alaska, in Peru, and elsegraphic Society has been awarded only

where. twice before-to Robert E. Peary, De

Our Magazine has become perhaps the cember 15, 1909, "for the discovery of the North Pole, April 6, 1909," and to

greatest educational journal in the world. Roald Amundsen, January 11, 1913, "for *The membership on June 15, 1914, is 280,000.

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to US.

It reaches thousands of schools and li- tending it to me, because it seemed to me braries and is inducing more than one that it was not only a personal privilege million people cach month to read of which was offered, but a duty encumbent geographic matters, One month's edi upon me as a representative of the govtion, if the copies were placed one above erumurt of the United States. It seemed another, would make fifteen piles as high to me that, speaking for that government, as the Washington Monument, or, if as well as for the distinguished Society placed on booli-shef, rould reach in whose name I am now presenting this from the White Tlouse to the Capitol and medal, it was my duty as it was my priviback again The Vagazine vields the lege to be here. iunds to pay for our exploration: for, I am here to do what I suppose is an ulike other scientific societies, our Vaga unusual thing for a Society of this sort. zine supports the Society instead of be It generally confers its honors upon ing a drain upon the organization. those who have disclosed geography

These figures are given that all here rather than upon those who have altered may appreciate that the ambition of the it. It is a sort of advertiser and cusSociety to increase and diffuse geo todian of the globe, and it is now about graphic knowledge and help the cause of to honor a gentleman who has had the international good-will is being realized. audacity to change the globe.

Through our Magazine we are bring The engineering profession is one of ing our citizens nearer 10 other peoples the few creative professions. Those of and also bringing other peoples nearer us who have attempted to be literary

men conceive that we have created conIl is 11011 my privilege to present one ceptions of the mind, but we never can of the most distinguished members of produce them in court. They are never our Societyi llon. William Jennings visibly upon exhibition.

Jennings visibly upon exhibition. But the magic Bryan, the Secretary of State, who will of the engineer is that he can change the direct the proceedings of the evening. face of nature and show the work of his

hands, and that it is in some deep sense TIIT TOISTILISTIR, TILILLI TENNISGS creative in character. The life of manPRYLY, STORET TRY OF STITE;

kind on the globe is altered, for example, The task of a Toastmaster is always by the cutting and the use of the Panama the casiest on the program and casier 10 Canal. night than it usuallı is, because those It fails the imagination to think what who are to speak to you do not require this work will accomplish. It will create to be presented with an elaborate expla new neighbors. It will generate new nation. Especially is that true of those friendships: it will make a new atmoswho appear as the first and second. phere of rivalry and of generous asso

I medal given by this Society will be ciation. The whole tendency of the presented to the guest of the evening, routes of trade will be changed, and the and when the greatest Geographic So routes of trade are the routes of enlightciety of the world is to honor the most enment. Only when nations touch one illustrious member of his professon on another do they cease to be provincial the globe, because of the successful com and look out upon the great tasks of hupletion of the most gigantic engineering manity, instead of confining themselves feat in history, there is but one person

to the relatively selfish tasks of their own to present the medal, the l'resident of the domestic development, and it is only as T'nited States.

We export and import ideas that civiliza

tion becomes thoroughly established. ADDRESS BY PRESIDENT TOODROW WILSON

lle have, therefore, to honor tonight I am 101 so unaccustomed to public the greatest living representative of this speaking that it was with genuine hesi extraordinary profession, tation on my own account that I accepted It seems to me natural, if I may say so the invitation of this evening. But lac with apologies to some of our friends ceple it is it matter of course when the present, that the greatest engineer living great compliment was paill me of ex should come from the United States.

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Photo and copyright by l'nderwood Cherwood SELLING “HOT” PEPPERS—THIE MEXICAN'S CHOICEST DELICACY: JIRKET .IT

CORDOB.), MEXICO "Hot food" with the Mexicans is more a matter of seasoning than of exposure to heat. Chili con carne and hot tamales have come with their fame to our own shores, but they are only two of the more than 57 varieties of "hot" things the lexicans eat with evident relishi and coming appetites. And "hot" peppers form the keynote of them all.

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