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Photo by Frank ll. Chapman IN THE PINES AND HEVILOCKS ON TIIE SLOPES OF ORIZABI “The clouds withi surprising suddenness disappeared, and almost as quickly as one would turn on a light the once ghostly forest was brightly illumined by the rays of a full moon! The effect was thrilling, but when we looked upward through the pines and saw, impressively near, the snow-crown of Orizaba gleaming brilliantly; serenely in the moonlight, we were overpowered by an emotion which for a moment leit us speechless" (see text, pages 551 and 552).

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son's llapjacks, and we learned that, rep

I CITY'S ICE SUPPLY resenting the owner of the region, his

Ilhere the barranca narrowed until it cuties were to permit only those to cut

seemed a mere crack in the mountain we wood or mine ice who paid for the privi

found a burro staked, and a short dislege. The men who had passed our trail,

tance farther heard voices and the musiit appeared, were on their way to the ice deposits near the head of the Jawapa cal sound of cutting ice. We had traced Darranca. This cutting of ice near the

10 its source the original "nieve" which summit of Orizaba to take to the hot

il thousand times itinerant peddlers had lands at its base is a primitive industry

nasally invited us to "tome" (take) in which appeals to one as an eminently the streets of Cordoba Cordoba, it is practical demonstration of the clects of true,

is now supplied with artificial altitude on climate, and to see it


"nieve," but lluatusco and other towns ticed me followed tlie trail of the cheer to the north not reached by rail still draw ful little men from the tropics

on the deposits of Orizaba. Crossing rock-slides where pikas would The men were working at an isolated have been at home, le passed timber pocket of clear, crystal ice about 100 feel line, which on the northern slope of the above 11s. llith serapes thrown barranca was at 13,000 feet, but on the their heads for protection from the rays southern slope pentrul to be at least of the sun, and apparently not affected Soo feet higher. The short-leaved pine by the altitude, which made us avoid was the only tree occurring here, and to unnecessary exertion, they vigorously the last it stood creet, was symmetrical, chopped out blocks weighing about 75 and attained a height of about 30 or to pounds. \l'ith the aid of a lariat these feet, or about one-half its maximum size. were carefully lowered down the steep


Photo by Frank NI. Chapman



decline to the floor of the barranca, there had to climb to the summit. Our task to be wrapped in saccate grass and old indeed was finished when we reached the serapes.

upper limit of life, and with the collecLate that afternoon these men trotted tions made below we now had specimens past our camp, now at 10,000 feet, on of birds, trees, and plants, paintings, photheir way to the tropies. Each one car tographs, and data with which to conried a great cake of ice on his back, and struct our proposed Habitat Group of the burro had two. Ventally we fol Mt. Orizaba as seen from the Tropical lowed them in their journey, and the ex

Zone at its base. perience was properly rounded when ser In due time this group was completed. cral days later the first sound that greeted and it stands, let us hope, for all time as us as we stepped off the train at Cordoba not inadequate representation of a was the familiar "tome nieve" of the ice mountain which, whether seen from the cream vender.

sea as a sw-kissed cloud, from the lowThe ducno de la montaña assured us lands as a sky-piercing cone, or from the that El Pico had never been ascended pine forests as a massive, glittering dome, from this side, thereby quickly extin- always compels the homage we render a guishing whatever ambition we may have great personalitv.



TIIE NINE-DANDED TRIIDILLO IS COMMON IN MOST PARTS OF MEXICO Its bony armor is rather a protection against the thorns of the dry country in which it

lives than against the attack of large carnivores, which can readily bite through the joints


Photos by Dr. C. William Beebe PAPER NEST OF MEXIC.IX WASPS BUILT ON ACACTUS PAD The insects are small, but very savage, and with exceedingly venomous stings, and if disturbed

by a lizard running past will attack one without further provocation




TENT IN TIIE ARROYOS OF MEXICO It is somewhat related to the raccoons, but show's close affinity to fossil dog-like creatures which lived in the Oligocene. The tail can be suffed up until it is as large around as the body.


Photo by Dr. C. William Becbe THE LONG-TAILED MEXICIN OPOSSUMS ARE MOST ARRUNT COWARDS When cornered, they fall over in what appears to be the extremity of death-limbs stiffened,

eyes glazed—and recover only when they think danger is past

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