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Vol. XXV, No. 5

WASHINGTON

MAY, 1914

THE
NATIONAL
GEOGRAPHIC
MAGAZINE

MEXICO AND MEXICANS

BY WILLIAM JOSEPH SHOWALTER Especial attention is called to the map of Mexico published as a supplement to this issue of the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE. It contains the latest and most accurate information of the geography of the country, and also gives the transportation routes open and in prospect, as well as the contours of altitude. The map is the highest crample of the cartographier's art that lias been produced with Mexico as its subject. Additional copies of the map may be obtained from the offices of the National Geographic Society. Price, 50 cents cach; mounted on linen, $I.

P

ERHAPS nowhere else in the executes a brilliant

pass,

and the band world is there a country so full of responds with the Diana, may be waited contrast as Mexico. With a uni

into the very precincts of the Imerican versity established before John Harvard, Embassy itself. Elihu Yale, or William and Mary were Here you will see a lexican halfborn, the masses of its people are hope- breed, barefooted, wearing a dollar pair lessly ignorant. With a hospital founded of trousers, a fifty-cent shirt, and a ienbefore Jamestown was even dreamed of, dollar sombrero. There, at a single glance it is one of the most backward regions and within the length of a single city of the earth in a medical way.

With block, you may see an Indian cargador, a natural riches greater than those of a donkey, an ox-cart, a carriage, a railroad thousand Midas's, its masses are just as train, a street-car, and an automobilepoor as the proverbial church mouse. almost every type of locomotion since With a constitution as perfect as any or Adam. ganic law in the civilized world, it is a nation whose rulers always have been a

WIDE CLIMATIC RANGE law unto themselves.

You may tread the burning sands of a Effigies of Judas Iscariot — to be tropical desert with the wet of the perburned, crunched, exploded, or hanged petual snow of towering mountains still by the neck until dead—may be bought upon your shoes. You may take a single in the same stores that sell the latest railway journey of 36 hours in which creations of the dressmakers' and the the people you see at the railroad station milliners' arts from Paris. A bull ring, will be dressed in four different weights built of American steel and concrete, of clothing stands within earshot of the Republic's Land of the inordinately rich and of leading hotel, and the sound of the per the abjectly poor: land of the aboriginal fervid cheering of the sun gods as they Indian and of the twentieth-century busiapplaud their favorite matador when he ness man; land of perpetual snow and of

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MEXICI TROOI'S AT BAUCHI, CHITTUAHUA, DURING THE OROZCO REVOLUTION

Photo Iny lioman and Dorman "The most conspicuous thing about the male population of Mexico, so far as the masses of ball-breeds are concernce, are their bats. These are loughi evenir teir purchase oes force the buyer to hungry for months afterwards. Tur tie pcon is not nearly as mucu i slave 10 liis biencilii Tris 1o luis That

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Photo by Shirley C. Tulsa A VARIETY OF CACTUS WHICH IS I SOURCE OF MUCH ANNOYINCE TO STOCK UND

TO RIDERS IN CITI UANI UN, MEXICO Any part of the bush will come away freely, and a slight touch will serve to attach almost any amount of such cactus to the person. The process of removal is usually long and painful.

unending summer-everywhere you turn "Vother of western civilization! there is contrast, high lights and deep Cradle of the American race! thoushadows. Fitting indeed is Ober's beau sand years have been gathered into the tiful apostrophe to this wonderful region: sheaf of time since her first cities were "Mexico lies at the meeting place of built.

built. When the Norsemen coasted ouu two zones—the Temperate and the Tor western shores she hal villages and rid—and from its geographical position, towns, white-walled temples, and spreadcombined with its altitudes, possesses a

ing palaces. When the Pilgrims landed greater variety of soil, surface, and vege at Plymouth Rock, a hundred years altation than any equal area of contiguous ready had passed since the soldiers of territory in the world. Basking in the Cortés had battled with the hosts of sunshine of the tropics, her head pillowed Jontezuma. In 10 country in the world in the lap of the North, her feet resting can you pass so rapidly from the blazing at the gateway of the continents, her shores of the heated tropics to the region snowy bosom rising to the clouds, she of perpetual winter, from the land of the rests serene in the majesty of her miglit. palm and the vine to the land of the She guards vast treasures of gold and lichen and the pine." silver; emeralds and opals adorn her

ONE-FOURTII IS LARGE IS THE UNITED brow; while the hem of her royal robes,

STATES dipped in the seas of two hemispheres, is embroidered in pearls and the riches of Mexico has an area approximately onethe sea.

fourth of that of the United States, a

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l'ICTURE WIS TAKEN ON ACCOUNT ON TIE VERY FIVE "VOLU' CACTUS, UTICI STANDS ON TILE LIIT: ASIDE FROM TILT CITUS,

TIIVI

IS TYPIC. (TII 1:ICK IRIS IN SILI MEXICI VILICE

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