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WIIERE BIRDS GET FOOD AND PROTECTION

Photo by Thomas E. Marr and Son

A turn of the driveway at The Pines, showing plantation of rhododendrons, flowering dogwoods, and black alders, with an undergrowth of ferns and fox-gloves. Much frequented in summer by catbirds and chewinks, while in winter it affords both food and protection for many winter birds-provided there are no cats about the place.

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I voodland path within a fer feet of the residence at The Pines, flanked by undergrowth. Terns, blueberries, huckleberries, dogloods, etc. Ilong this path a ruffed grouse Builds its nest, as do also chewinks, black and white creepers, and even birds, while the trees pine and black-throated green warblers, bluejays, and robins also build their nests.

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ANOTHER PLACE WHERE BIRDS LIKE TO NEST A wood road at The Pines. In the thickets along its sides the catbird, cuckoo, goldenwinged warbler, chestnut-sided warbler, bluejay, brown thrush, chewink, purple finch, tanager, and other birds find attractive nesting sites. This wood road runs through that portion of Mr. Kennard's place on which the undergrowth has been encouraged, and on which over thirty varieties of birds breed each year (see page 315). Contrast with the scene oil lage 320.

Photo by George R. King

BIRDS DO NOT LIKE TIITS LAND, BECAUSE OF THE ABSENCE OF UNDERGROWTII "The most important factor in attracting birds is the supplying of cover suitable for their wants. With this properly done, except in the case of birds that nest about buildings or in holes, nature will supply the nesting sites, as well as take care of the food supply, except in winter" (see text, page 315).

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A BIRD-LOVER'S GARDEN

Photo by Joseph H. Douson The garden of Mr. Dodson, at Evanston, I11., showing the various devices used by him in attracting birds : bath, weathercock food-house, houses for great-crested flycatchers, bluebirds, tree-swallows, and martins, from left to right in the order named.

breed nearly every year, while in the second area only from three to five different species build their nests.

Almost every one who lives in the country can do something in the way of attractive planting about his house and grounds, and even in the more closely settled suburbs almost every place, no matter how small, can by judicious planting be made attractive to birds. Even a back yard may in its limited way, with proper treatment, be made a regular rendezvous for birds in the vicinity.

Spruce and balsam are beautiful and offer tempting nesting sites, while the native red cedar seems a favorite tree for the nest-builders and also contributes its berries toward the winter supply of food.

There is a huge hill at the edge of the sand dunes at Ipswich, Mass., swept by all the storms that come in from over the ocean, that years ago was as bare as a billiard ball, but upon one side of which the enterprising owner set out a large plantation of evergreens. Today that hillside is a lecca for the birds from miles around, and noted among the bird lovers of the region for its varying bird life both winter and summer.

From an artistic standpoint, also, the use of evergreens is to be recommended. In these days, when there seems to be such an exodus from city to country, why shouldn't our country homes be made to look as attractive in winter as in summer? While re of the North may not in

THE IMPORTANCE OF EVERGREENS On suburban places and in the country the use of evergreens, large plantations when possible, is of prime importance as a protection from the elements, as a source of natural food supply, and on account also of the nesting sites they invariably offer. Nothing is finer than a plantation of white pine or hemlock.

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