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INDEX FOR VOLLVIE SIT, 1914

IX

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633 645 646 639 559

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638 207 207

MEXICAX HACIEND.1, ..
Mexican,

Charro and his hat, illus.
Hat store, A, illus..
Highway, l, illus.
Indian children, illus.
Opossums, Long-tailed, illus.
Peon,

Character of the
Children of, illus.

Ilomes of.
Street, Typical, illus.
Wasps, Paper nests of, illus.

Water carrier, illus.
Mill, I primitive, North \frica, illus.
Monument Rock, Trizona, illus.
Moses, Tomb of, illus.....
Mosquitos,

Fighting the, in Panama, with oil. illus
llow they spread disease.

In the court of appeal.. Mount Jackson, Montana,

Gunsight Lake, From, illus. Mount Ranier, Washington,

Ice wall on, illus...

573 629 566 644 558

"L" La Beneficencia, Mexico, Sics

in, illus, Lake Patzcuaro, Mexico,

Described and illus. Lake Xochimilco, Mexico,

Boating on, illus.. Lands, Timber.

Arid, of great American desert. Lane, Franklin K.,

The Nation's undeveloped resources. Levec, Holding an early morning.. Level, The most perfect, in the world, illus. Lobos de Afueva Islands, Peru,

Pelicans on, illus..
Locust,

As a food..
Concerning the camel and the.
Nymphis more destructive than the.
Plague of, in Algeria..

643

183

75 220

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263

517, 513

346 347 319

83 62 83 S2

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217

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"X" Naica, Mexico,

Coalcite crystal caves it, illus. National Geograpluie Magazine, Letters from readers of.

105. 108, 109 Where printed. Bindery, illus.

467 Exterior, illus.

404 Press-room, illus, SITIONIN, GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY IND ITS NEW BUILDING.

453 National Geographic Society,

Annual banquet oi.
Ilome of, The new
Described

+55, 157, 450, 465 Exterior view of, illus

454
General oftice of. illus.
Index department, illus.

403
Mail room, Corner of the illus.
Office of John Oliver La Gorce, Tsistant
Editor

461 Private office of Gilbert II Grosven01', Editor

460 Ilonois Colonel Goethals.

677 llubbard Memorial llall, Described

457 Exterior view of, illus.

154
Interior, illus.
Membership, Tables showing,

Domestic membership by State's.
Foreign membership by countries.

470
In proportion to the population of cach
State

469 Number of towns in United States where

Society has members.
Note
Officers and members; Group of, illus.
Work of the.

159 NITION'S UNDEVELOPED RESOURCES.

TITE
NATURALIST'S TOURNEY TROUND VERI
CRUZ UND T LIPICO,

533 Veita, Tunisia, illus... Nome, Alaska,

Getting the goll out of the gravel in summer,
illus.

189 Gold avenue in winter, illus.

193
Gold in the assy ofhce it, illus,
Gravel piles in winter at. illus.
Ilydraulic mining in Glacier Crock illus

190 Normandy, France, Shrimping in, illus.

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McDermott Lake and Falls, Montana, illus.

216 Maidens, Tunisian, of high rank, illus.

1.1 Malaria in the tropics, Fight against.

350 Mann, Hon. James R.,

Address by, at banquet of National Geo-
graphic Society..

687 Map-making from photographis, Described

669 Illus.

674 Map,

Of Alaska, supplement, February'
Of Bhutan..

453
Of Mexico, supplement, Mar.
Showing network of primary triangulation in
the United States..

664 Marabout. The tomb of a, illus.

36 Matron, An Arab, of mixed blood, illus.

15 Medicine, Vap-changing. Meeting, roadside, North Africa, illus.

44 Mexico, Agricultural possibilities of.

+75. 57+ American girl in, An, illus.

579 Incient civilization of..

493 Aqueduct of the Remedies; illus. Span of an, in, illus.

648 Area of, described.

473 Beggars of, illus...

OIO Birds of the North in

552 Climate of.. Cock-fighting in, illus.

+78, 479 Competing with Panama. Costumes of, illus..

611 Flora of..

477 Food, Curious Indian, in.

+85 Industries of..

+81, 579, 584 Map of, in colors, supplement, lar: Mines of.. "Nopal” cactus in, illus.

474 People of..

491 Railroads of.

477 Region, In unexplored, in.

543 Revolutionist, Typical, in, illus.

182 Rural guard on duty, in, illus

037 Kitchen in, illus. Scenes in, illus.

610, 617, 623 Society of....

489 Street scene in..

027 Venders of sweetmeats in, illus.

631 Watch-towers oi the Jqueduct of the Remedies, illus.

626 Wayside iun in, illus.

013 Wheat thrashing in, illus.

17+ Women of, at work, illus.

02S Women of the Federal army in, illus.

483 MEXICO AND MEXICINS..

471 Mexico City, Mexico,

Calendar stone in National Museum in, illus. 689
Cathedral in, described and illus.,

685 Post-office in, illus..

+86 Scene in market square in, Described

485 Illus.

307.61S

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TIE NITIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE

Page Oasis of Chenini, Tunis, illus.

84 Oil, Deposits of, should be developed.

199 Need of, for the Nary.

205 Well near Tampico, Mexico, illus

490 Orizaba, Mount, Mexico, Ice miners on, illus..

550, 557 Pines and hemlocks on, illus.

553 Views of, illus..

532, 535, 555 Ornithologist's paradise, In, described.

571 Ouled uail, The, or dancing girl of northern lírica, Dance of the illus.

27 Dancing in the sand, illus.

30 Illus.

IS, 20, 21, 23, 24, 20 In characteristic gari), illus

43 Jewels of an, illus.

20 Mother of an, illus.

16

"R

Page Radiograph of a key, illus.

225 Radium-bearing country; Characteristic, in Colorado, Described and illus.

222, 223 Radium mine, Colorado, il, illus.

224 Rampart, Alaska, Turnips weighing 12 pounds at, illu-.

204 Reclamation work a success. Government's

209 REDEEMING THE TROPICS.

314 Reindeer. Alaska, illuis.

196, 197 RESOURCES, THE NATIONS IWDEVELOPED

183 River-bed near an oasis, Sahara, illus.

100

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Sahara. The
Burial on, illus.

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Caravans on the march in the illus.
Checking moving sand-unes in the illu-

115 Custom, Terrible, of the.

79 Daughter of the, illus.

41
Flower of the, illus,
Naklla, The Pearl of the illus
Policeman, A native mounted of the illus
Praver, The morning, in the illus.
Scenes in,

IIS, [10, 120, 121, 122, 124,

125. 120, 127, 1-9, 130, 131 School in, illus.

121 Salmon,

Cargoes of, arriving from an Hlaskan cannery:

illus
Pair of large, l. illus.

203 Samaria, Women of illus

250 San Bartolito, Mexico, Children oi, illus.

029 San Juan, Teotihuacan. lexico, Pyramid of the Sun, The, Described

636 Illus.

192, 619 Santa Gertrude, Mexico, Carpet factory at, illus.

682 Santa Rosalia. Chihuahui. Vlerico,

Old ranch and fort ncar, illus
San Vicente Cañon, Lower California, Mexico,
Cacti in, described ud illus.

622, 623 Shoshone Dam, Wyoming,

Government reservoir and twin tunnels neur,
illus

215 Showalter, William Josephi. Battling with the Panama slides

133 Mexico and lexicans.

471 Our guardians on the deep. Redeeming the tropies...

341 Sibert, Lieut. Colonel William L. The Panama Canal.

153 Sicilian peasants, Types of, illus

212, 213, 214 Slides, Panama, Cannot be foretold..

137 Cucaracha, the famous.

111 Described

133 Different varieties of. From both bauks block canal. illus.

17.1 Have delaved completion of canal.

137 Railroad destroyed by an illus,

136 Steam slovel bied by 2, illus.

130 Tracks destroyed by a illus.. What tlie..

145 Sousse, Tunisia.

Walls of, illus..
Sponge divers, The Greek.

93 Sponge industry, The..

95

248

Pachuca, Mexico,
On the road illus

620, 621 Palm, The life of a, illus.

SS Palm wine, Cutting leaves before making, illus.. PANAMA CANAL, THE..

153 PANAMA CANAL, PROBABLE EFFECTS OF

THE, ON THE COMMERCIAL CEOGRA-
PHY OF TIIE WORLD

245 Panama Canal, The, Advantages of the route..

217 Chagres River, liews of, illus.

157, 155, 156 Colon, Breakwater an, described.

155 Comparison of French and Imerican canals,. 158 Cucaraclia slide.

141 Illus.

110, 11, 149, 150, 151 Culebra cut, Views of, illus.

131, 135, 140,

112, 143 Designed, How...

155 Dredge grounded below sea level. Described

173 Illus.

179 Dredging fleet, The, Described

159 Illus.

167 Earthquakes and the..

169 Efiect of, on domestic trade. Gamboa Dike, Blowing up the, illus

17 Gatun Dam, The great.

173 Lake, illus...

163, 174, 175 locks, Described

160 Illus.

100, 101, 102, 104, 105 Spillway, illus

170 Laborers on the.

177 Lock Filling a, on the, illus.

1 So Miradores Lock,

First boat through the illus,
Naos Island breakwater, Building the, illus

152 Painting mosquitos on the...

159 Sea-level canal was impossible, Why a.

151 Sphere of iniluence of the

240 Visitors to..

177 Panama, The flat arel at, illus,

1S PANAMA SLIDES, BATTLING WITII THE.. 133 Parasites, Mexico, Tree loaded withi, illus..

538, 539 Parral, Mexico,

Bells, Old made into cannon, at, illus. 484
Cannon, "El Padre,” made from old bells at,

illus.
Phosphate and potash,
Deposits should be developed.

199 Mine, Open pit, in Florida, illus.

208 Pine and hemlock, On Mt. Orizaba, Mexico, illus.

555 Plague, The, In China, illus..

349 Missionaries fighting the, illus

356 Preventing. in Manila, ilus.

354 Source of infection, A, illus

352 Popocatepetl, Mexico, Crater os, illus..

630 View of, from Cholula, illus.

686 Power Dam, Great Mississippi, at Leokuk, illus.

210 Prickly pear, Fence of in North Africa, illus PROBABLE EFFECT OT TILE PANAMA

CANAL ON TILE COMMERCIAL GEOG-
RAPITY OF THE WORLD.

245

655

178

139

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C2115es

485

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INDEX FOR VOLUME XXV, 1914

XI

657

Page Machine that prophesies, designed by the, illus.

676 Marks used by the, illus.

668 Signal light used by the, illus.

669 Survey party on mountain top, illus. 670 Work of the,

Described

Illus. 656, 657, 660, 661, 662, 666, 667
Department of the Interior,
Year's work of the..

225 University at the Mosque of the Olive Tree, in Tunis

61 Uruapan, Mexico,

Street scene in, illus.
Ugyen Wang.Chuk, Sir, King of Bhutan,
Portrait of, illus.

429

22

642

aveN

348

I

488

Vaccination for typhoid.
VERA CRUZ AND TAMPICO, A NATURAL-
IST'S JOURNEY AROUND

533 Vera Cruz, Mexico,

La Plaza in, illus.
Sanitation, Primitive, at, illus.
Scene in the tropical forest near, illus

553 VILLAGE LIFE IN THE HOLY LAND

249 Von Bernstorff, Count, German Ambassador,

Address of, at banquet of National Geographic
Society

648

351

Page Tidal indicator, An automatic, illus.

659 Tide-predicting machine, A, illus..

676 Time, How Arabs measure..

113 Tlemcen, Algiers, Mosque at, illus..

77 Tomb of Moses, Traditional site of the, illus. 263 Tougourt, Algeria,

Dancing girl of, A, illus..
Tozeur, Tunisia,
Deserted inn in, illus.

104 Garden in desert near, illus.

105 Tripoli of Barbary, Beggar of, A, illus.

46 Described

93 Weekly market at.

103 TROPICS, REDEEMING THE.

344 Troglodyte,

Cave-dwellers
Cave-dwelling, Interior
Courtyard, A, illus..

Town of Guermessa, illus.
Troglodytes of Tunisia,

Mountain climbing, The..
Who emigrate, described.

61 Why they live in caves.

49 Tunis, Tunisia,

Bazar in, A, illus...
Education, Modern, in.

62 Grocery store in, illus.

73 Home in, A, illus.

69 Inn, In the, illus. Jewish beauty of, A, illus

68 Jewish cemetery, The, illus

67 Market-place in, illus...

72 Moonlight effect in a courtyard in, illus.

70 Mosque, great, Views of, illus.

50, 51 Street costumes in, illus.

76 Street scenes in, illus.

33, 58, 59, 63 Street of the Andalusians, illus.

63 University at the Mosque of the Olive Tree in 61 Water seller in, The, illus...

64 Tunisia, North Africa, Boy of the extreme south of, illus.

SI
Cave-dwellers of the mountains of
Cave-dwelling, Interior of a..

3 Children of the south of, illus.

74 Girls of extreme southern, illus. Hebrew money-changer of, illus.

47 Laundry maid of, illus.

45 Maidens, Tunisian, of high rank, illus.

14 Mill, A primitive, in, illus.

75 Mountain climbing troglodytes of Street scenes, illus..

33, 58, 59, 63 Sousse, The walls of, illus. Tomb of a marabout in, illus.

36 Tunisian costume, A, illus...

42, 43 Turnips at Rampart, Alaska, illus.

204 "Typhoid Mary," Sad history of.

347 Typhoid, Vaccinating for..

248

58

60

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231

558

97 2II

209 99

IOI

Wales, A bit of old, illus.
Wasp-nests, Paper, Mexico, illus
Waterfall in an oasis near Gabes, North Africa,

illus.
Water-power plant, Generators of largest, illus.
Water rights, Relief for the users of.
Well, An old, illus..

Drawing water from a deep, illus. White, John Claude, C. I. E.,

Castles in the air: Experiences and journeys

in unknown Bhutan. Whiting, John D.,

Village life in the Holy Land. Wilson, Woodrow, President of the United States,

Address of, at banquet of National Geo

graphic Society... Wonder, Greatest engineering, of the age

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VOL. XXV, No. 1

WASHINGTON

JANUARY, 1914

THE
NATIONAL
GEOGRAPHIC
MAGAZINE

HERE AND THERE IN NORTHERN AFRICA

BY FRANK EDWARD JOHNSON Author of "The Mole Men: An Account of the Troglodytes of Southern Tunisia(October, 1911), The Sacred City of the Sands(December, 1911), and "The Greek Bronses of Tunisia" (January, 1912), etc., in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE.

S

I

Arabs eat to live, not live to eat, and, THE MOUNTAIN-CLIMBING TROGLO

as a rule, they do not indulge in over

eating. An ordinary Arab can live on a DYTES OF TUNISIA

few handfuls of barley and some dried IDI HADJ, the Holy Man, or dates, water, and a cup of coffee. A Marabout, and his five sons were European would die if forced to live on

most hospitable people, and we the same diet. had gotten to know each other well dur

CAVE-DWELLERS OF THE MOUNTAINS ing my stay at the Cadhi's. There was seldom an evening when the venerable All the Troglodyte strongholds are old "pilgrim," with his long, white, flow wild and difficult of approach; hence lay ing beard and his green turban, did not their security in time of war.

Their wardrop in to have dinner with the Cadhi. riors could see the enemy approaching

Our table could only seat eight, and it for many miles, unless they came by was always full; sometimes a sheik from night, and then the zigzag path that led the hinterland of Tripoli or a Touareg up to the great walls was too dangerous, chief who had

for provisions. for a stumble meant sudden death on the Many had never sat in a chair at a table rocks hundreds of feet below. before or had seen knives, forks, and Guermessa, the ancestral home of Sidi spoons in use. They would watch the Hadj and his five sons, is one of the Cadhi and copy him.

wildest and most difficult Troglodyte With them a great platter of native towns to reach. It is situated on the top wheat is brought in with a half or of a sugar-loaf mountain, the sides of whole sheep or lamb. The eldest son of which rise precipitously for hundreds of the hosts cuts it into long strips; it is then feet (see page 6). The narrow zigzag pulled to pieces with the fingers, and trail has been worn smooth by centuries each one takes from the huge dish the of hard use, and the surface of the rock portion directly in front of him. Any is like polished marble. It is even diffidainty morsel is carefully put in front cult for the mountain goats, born and of the guest of honor. One or two bred at Guermessa ; therefore, how much bowls, or loving cups, are filled with more difficult for man and beast! water and passed around when one is The inhabitants of Guermessa are a thirsty.

fierce, warlike race, who look with sus

come

a

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