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(d) Members of the Board appointed from States, to receive training or education or to APPROPRIATIONS AND USE OF FUNDS private life, and any members of visiting perform research at the Academy when SEC. 8. (a) There are hereby authorized to committees or advisers appointed from pri- deemed in the national interest; and to pro- be appropriated such funds as may be necesvate life, shall receive compensation at the vide appropriate orientation and language
sary to carry out the purposes of this Act, rate of $100 for each day while engaged in training to members of family of officers and and when so provided in an appropriation the actual performance of their official duties employees of the Government in anticipation Act, such funds may remain available until and in necessary travel. of the assignment abroad of such officers and
expended. THE CHANCELLOR OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF employees or while abroad; but such persons
(b) Funds appropriated for the purposes FOREIGN AFFAIRS and members of family shall not be deemed,
of this Act or transferred to the Academy by SEC. 5. (a) The chief executive of the by virtue of attendance at the Academy, to
other Government agencies for such purposes be Federal employees for any purpose of law; Academy shall be the Chancellor of the Na
shall be available for the exercise of any autional Academy of Foreign Affairs (herein
(d) make arrangements (including con
thority granted by this Act, including, but after referred to as the “Chancellor"). Extracts, agreements, and grants) for the con
not limited to: expenses of printing and cept as otherwise specifically provided hereduct of such research and other scholarly
binding without regard to the provisions of in, the Chancellor shall have authority and activities in foreign affairs and related fields
section 11 of the Act of March 1, 1919 (44 be responsible for the execution of the powby private or public institutions or persons
U.S.C. 111); entertainment and official courers, functions, and duties of the Academy. as may implement the functions of the Acad
tesies to the extent authorized by appropriaIn accordance with the policies and guidance emy;
tions; purchase, rent, or lease of offices, buildestablished by the Board, he shall take such
(e) pay the necessary tuition and other
ings, grounds, and living quarters for the use actions as may be required to carry out the expenses of officers and employees of the
of the Academy, payments therefor in adGovernment who are attending the Academy, purposes of the Academy; correlate the train
vance, and maintenance, improvement, and ing, education, and research furnished by the for additional special instruction or training
repair of such properties or grounds; exat or with public or private nonprofit instiAcademy with the activities of other Govern
penses of attendance at meetings concerned ment agencies and with the programs of pritutions, trade, labor, agricultural, or scien
with furthering the purposes of this Act, vate institutions; and encourage and foster tific associations, or commercial firms;
including (notwithstanding the provisions of
(f) procure services as authorized by secsuch programs outside the Academy as will
section 9 of Public Law 60–328 (31 U.S.C. tion 15 of the Administrative Expenses Act be complementary to those of the Academy.
673)) expenses in connection with meetings The Chancellor may from time to time make of 1946, as amended (5 U.S.C. 55a), at rates
of persons whose appointment, employment, such provisions as he shall deem appropriate not to exceed $100 each day for individuals,
assignment, detail, or services is authorized authorizing the performance by any other and in addition transportation expenses and
by subsections 6 (a), (b), (f), and (h) of this officer or employee of the Academy of any per diem in lieu of subsistence while away
Act. function of the Chancellor. from their homes or regular places of busi
REPEALS AND SAVING CLAUSES (b) The Chancellor shall be appointed by
ness, as authorized by section 5 of said Act, the President, by and with the advice and as amended (5 U.S.C. 73b-2): Provided, That
SEC. 9. (a) Section 701 of the Foreign consent of the Senate, and shall be compenindividuals may serve singly or as members
Service Act of 1946, as amended (22 U.S.C. sated at a rate established from time to time of committees: Provided further, That con
1041), is amended to read as follows: "The tracts so authorized may be renewed an
Secretary of State is authorized to furnish by the President, based on comparable sal
training and instruction in the field of foraries provided by leading universities. case of death, resignation, absence, or dis
(g) pay travel and related expenses of the
eign affairs to officers and employees of the members ability of the Chancellor, a member of the
of the Board, the Chancellor,
Foreign Service and to the Department and
to other officers and employees of the Governfaculty or staff of the Academy designated by faculty, staff, students of the Academy, memthe Chancellor shall, unless otherwise dibers of visiting committees, and advisers to
ment when such training and instruction are
not otherwise provided at the Academy or rected by the President, perform the duties the Board as authorized by section 911 of
elsewhere. The Secretary may also provide of the Chancellor until a successor is ap
the Foreign Service Act of 1946, as amended
appropriate orientation and language trainpointed or such absence or disability shall Act of 1949, as amended (5 U.S.C. 835–842),
ing to members of family of officers and emcease. and sections 1 and 7 of the Administrative
ployees of the Government in anticipation of SPECIFIC AUTHORITIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF Expenses Act of 1946, as amended (5 U.S.C.
the assignment abroad of such officers and THE CHANCELLOR 735–1 and 3), or by section 303 of the Career
employees or while abroad." SEC. 6. Under such policies and guidance Compensation Act of 1949, as amended (37
(b) Sections 702–707 of the Foreign Service as the Board may establish, the Chancellor U.S.C. 404-406), as appropriate;
Act of 1946, as amended (22 U.S.C. 1042– may
(h) utilize or employ the services, person
1047), are hereby repealed. (a) appoint and compensate, as faculty nel, equipment, or facilities of any other
(c) Section 575(b) of the Foreign Service or staff of the Academy, on a full- or part- Government agency, with the consent of the
Act of 1946, as amended (22 U.S.C. 963), is time basis, such officers, employees, and head of the Government agency concerned,
further amended by adding the following: attorneys as he may deem necessary to carry to perform such functions on behalf of the
“The Secretary may pay the necessary tuiout the provisions of this Act, in accordance Academy as may appear desirable;
tion and other expenses for any such officer with the provisions of the civil service laws
(i) acquire in the United States or abroad
or employee." and regulations and the Classification Act of such real and personal property as may be
(d) Section 578 of the Foreign Service Act 1949, as amended, except that in the absence necessary for the operation and maintenance
of 1946, as amended (22 U.S.C. 968), is furof suitably qualified United States citizens, of the Academy: Provided, That the acquisi
ther amended by deletion of the phrase "at he may appoint and compensate persons who tion by lease or otherwise of buildings or
the Foreign Service Institute or elsewhere" are not citizens of the United States: Proparts of buildings in the United States, in
from the final clause of the third sentence. vided, that when deemed necessary by the cluding the District of Columbia, for use of
(e) So much of the property, records, unBoard for the effective administration of this the Academy, shall be through the Admin
expended balances of appropriations, allocaAct, members of the faculty may be apistrator of General Services;
tions, and other funds held, used, available, pointed and compensated without regard to such laws and regulations: Provided further, gifts, bequests, or devises of money, secu
(j) accept, receive, hold, and administer
or to be made available in connection with
the Foreign Service Institute, as established such members of the faculty shall receive a rities, or property made for or to the benefit
by sections 701-707 of the Foreign Service Act salary at a rate based on comparable salaries of, or in connection with the Academy, in
of 1946, as amended (22 U.S.C. 1041–1047), provided by leading universities, but not to accordance with section 1021 of the Foreign
that relate to the work of the Academy, as exceed the rate provided for GS-18 of the Service Act of 1946, as amended (22 U.S.C.
determined by the Director of the Bureau of Classification Act of 1949, as amended; 809); and
the Budget, are hereby authorized to be (b) arrange, with the consent of the head
(k) prescribe rules and regulations gov
transferred to the Academy and the Chanof the Government agency concerned, for the
cellor thereof. erning the function and operation of the assignment or detail of any officer or emAcademy, consistent with policies and guid
(f) Notwithstanding the provisions of this ployee of the Government, to serve on the ance established by the Board.
Act, all determinations, authorizations, regfaculty or staff of the Academy, or to receive
ulations, orders, contracts, agreements, and training or education or to perform research
PROVISION FOR COPYRIGHTS
other actions taken, issued or entered into at the Academy. To carry out the purposes SEC. 7. Members of the Board from private under authority of statutes repealed by this of this subsection, the head of any Govern- life, Chancellor, members of the faculty, and Act shall continue in full force and effect ment agency may, under such arrangement, persons in attendance at, or serving with, the until modified by appropriate authority. assign or detail any officer or employee of his Academy shall be encouraged to write and agency to serve on the staff or faculty of the speak on subjects within their special com
Mr. SYMINGTON. I ask Senators to Academy, or to receive training or education petence, and such writings and speeches note also that the 27 sponsors of this or to perform research at the Academy. other than those required in the perform legislation included the entire DemoSuch assignment or detail shall be deemed ance of their official duties shall not be con- cratic leadership, as well as Members to be without prejudice to his status or op- sidered publications of the United States from both sides of the aisle. portunity for advancement within his own Government within the meaning of the Act agency; of March 4, 1909, as amended (17 U.S.C. 8), or
In addition, with the approval and (c) permit other persons, including indi- the Act of January 12, 1895, as amended (44 recommendation of the Secretary of viduals who are not citizens of the United U.S.C. 58).
State, a committee was formed, under the chairmanship of Dr. James Perkins, Label A. Katz, president, B'nai B'rith. tion request for money in the proposed of Cornell University, to support S. 865.
Dr. Clark Kerr, president, University of aid bill should be reduced, is the fact we
California. The name of this committee was the
have not yet taken steps to properly Committee for the National Academy of
Dr. Grayson L. Kirk, president, Columbia
train the many thousands of additional University. Foreign Affairs, and because it is one of
Herbert P. Lansdale, Jr., general secretary, people now representing us abroad. It the most eminent and outstanding group National Council of the YMCA of the United is the quality of the people, rather than of citizens ever gathered together in sup- States.
the quantity of the money, that really port of any legislation, I ask unanimous Mrs. John G. Lee, president, Overseas Ed- counts. consent that a list of its membership be ucation Fund of the League of Women Vot- My second major apprehension about
ers. printed at this point in the RECORD.
the proposed program results from the There being no objection, the list was
Col. George A. Lincoln, professor of
fact the United States is spending, and social sciences, U.S. Military Academy. ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as
for some years has been spending, far
August Maffry, senior vice president, Iryfollows:
more than its just share in banking ing Trust Co. THE COMMITTEE FOR THE NATIONAL ACADEMY William Marvel, president, Education &
the cause of freedom; in Central and OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS World Affairs.
South America, in Europe, in the Middle Dr. James A. Perkins, chairman,
Dr. John W. Masland, Jr., provost, Dart- East, in South Asia, and in the Far mouth College.
East; in other words, all over the world. Hamilton Fish Armstrong, editor, Foreign Affairs.
George Meany, president, AFL-CIO.
As I see it, this cannot go on, because Mr. Dexter Otis Arnold, president, General
Max S. Millikan, director, Center for Inter- in our way of life, our physical strength Federation of Women's Clubs. national Studies, Massachusetts Institute of
can only come from our economic Technology. Homer D. Babbidge, Jr., president, Univer
strength. It is becoming ever more sity of Connecticut.
Emory W. Morris, president, Kellogg Foun
dation. Elliott V. Bell, chairman of the executive
clear that the generosity of the Americommittee, McGraw-Hill Publishing Co.
Dr. Franklin D. Murphy, chancellor, Uni- can people, as expressed in the foreign William Blackie,
aid program, a generosity unique in president, Caterpiller versity of California. Tractor Company.
Dr. Samuel M. Nabrit, president, Texas world history, cannot be continued inDr. Eugene Carson Blake, stated clerk, Southern University.
definitely without jeopardizing the sysUnited Presbyterian Church in the United
Alfred C. Neal, president, Committee for tem we cherish and want to preserve. States of America. Economic Development.
The above leads into my third appreRoger M. Blough, chairman, United States
Calvin J. Nichols, executive director, World hension; namely, the continuing unfaSteel Corp. Affairs Council of Northern California.
vorable John B. Oakes, editor, New York Times.
balance of payments. The Arleigh A. Burke, director, Center for Strategic Studies, Georgetown University.
William S. Paley, chairman of the board, value of the currency of the United Benjamin J. Buttenwieser, Kuhn, Loeb & Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc.
States is expressed by gold and backed Co.
James G. Patton, president, National up by gold; but whereas many countries Dr. Robert Calkins, president, Brookings Farmers Union.
that have received our foreign aid in Institution.
Dr. Don K. Price, dean, Graduate School billions have now increased their gold Erwin D. Canham, editor, The Christian of Public Administration, Harvard Univer
holdings by billions, over recent years Science Monitor. sity.
this Nation has lost some 35 percent of Everett Case, president, Sloan Foundation.
Dr. C. Herman Prichett, president-elect,
the gold it once held.
There are some economists who beWorld Tensions, Inc.
Dr. Nathan Pusey, president, Harvard UniJohn Thomas Connor, president, Merck & versity.
lieve that this is not a matter of great Co., Inc.
Walter Raleigh, executive director, Young importance, that we can continue to lose Howard A. Cook, president, International Presidents' Organization, Inc.
gold indefinitely without adversely afHouse New York.
Dr. William C. Rogers, director, World Af- fecting our economy. I do not so beJohn Cowles, president and editor, Min- fairs Center, University of Minnesota.
lieve. No professor will ever convince neapolis Star and Tribune.
Edith s. Sampson, judge, the Municipal me that this steady loss of gold is anyArthur H. Dean, Sullivan & Cromwell. Court of Chicago.
thing but a steadily increasing danger to Dr. Elmer Ellis, president, University of
Dr. Paul Sheats, president, National UniMissouri.
versity Extension Service Association, Uni- the future of the United States. John Fischer, editor, Harper & Row. versity of California.
We know that offshore military exMarion B. Folsom, Eastman Kodak Co. Sylvester C. Smith, Jr., president, Ameri- penditures incident to our being the James M. Gavin, U.S. Army, retired; prescan Bar Association.
world banker of freedom, plus the ident, Arthur D. Little, Inc.
A. M. Sonnabend, president, American foreign aid program, are two of the priDr. Robert F. Goheen, president, Princeton Jewish Committee.
mary reasons for this unfavorable balUniversity.
H. Christian Sonne, chairman, National
ance; and although we are assured, with Gordon Gray, president, Federal City Coun
Planning Association. cil.
Monroe E. Spaght, president, Shell Oil Co. various plans and programs and charts, Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther, U.S. Army, re
Charles M. Spofford, David Polk Wardwell that necessary steps have been taken to tired; Supreme Commander, NATO; Presi- Sunderland and Kiendi.
change this unfavorable balance, the dent, American Red Cross.
Frank Stanton, president, Columbia Broad- gold continues to run out. Dr. John Hanna, president, Michigan State casting System, Inc.
Another consequence of this continued University of Agriculture and Applied
Charles P. Taft, Taft, Lavercombe and Fox. balance-of-payments deficit is that we Science.
Dr. Herman B. Wells, chancellor, Indiana
have now become a debtor nation, with University. Karl G. Harr, Jr., president, Aerospace Industries Association of America, Inc.
Gen. Thomas D. White, U.S. Air Force,
some $25 billion of current liabilities; Dr. J. George Harrar, president, Rockefeller retired; senior military editor, Newsweek.
and inasmuch as we are now borrowing Foundation.
John Hay Whitney, publisher, New York money from the International Monetary Gilbert A. Harrison, editor and publisher, Herald Tribune.
Fund, as well as selling bonds to foreign New Republic.
Dr. Logan Wilson, president, American central banks, it is a fact that we are Loy W. Henderson, professor of interna- Council on Education.
now being forced to borrow money from tional relations, American University.
Dr. Henry M. Wriston, president, American foreign countries in order to finance this Dr. Pendleton Herring, president, Social Assembly, Columbia University.
program of aid to foreign countries. Science Research Council.
James David Zellerbach, chairman, Crown Christian A. Herter, former Secretary of
For these reasons in addition to the Zellerbach Corp. State,
heavy criticisms of this bill in the curRt. Rev. Msgr. Frederick Hockwalt, exec
Mr. SYMINGTON. To the further rent report of the Foreign Relations utive secretary, National Catholic Education surprise of all those interested, how. Committee, I do not believe we should Association.
ever, influential people, including mem- continue foreign aid on the scale recomDr. Kenneth Holland, president, Institute bers of the State Department old mended. I do believe we should take of International Education. C. D. Jackson, publisher, Life magazine.
guard who want no change in the cur- whatever steps are necessary to train Dr. Joseph E. Johnson, president, Carnegie
rent status, circumvented the wishes more people, should emphasize to our Endowment for International Peace.
of the President and the Secretary of friends and allies that they must bear Eric Johnston, president, Motion Picture State by successfully voicing opposition more of the price of freedom; and should Association of America, Inc. to even the administration's bill.
also recognize that there is no program Devereux C. Josephs, New York Life In- One of the three primary reasons, more important to the ultimate security surance Co.
therefore, why I believe the authoriza- of the United States than one designed to reverse, as soon as possible, the long- of the security of the United States. quotas, taxes, labeling and packaging time continuing unfavorable balance of Therefore, I hope the authorization bill requirements, surcharges, credit and payments.
will represent our best thinking, what is price controls, State trading and operatMr. AIKEN. Mr. President, will the best, net, for the country.
ing monopolies, penalty fees and import Senator yield for a question?
I thank the able Senator from Virginia. documentation, product standards and Mr. SYMINGTON. If the distin- Mr. ROBERTSON. I was glad to specifications, commercial advertising guished Senator from Virginia [Mr. yield, because I am in sympathy and full restrictions, bureaucratic delays and ROBERTSON] will permit.
accord with the views expressed. When nationalism in certain countries—to Mr. ROBERTSON. I yield.
I express my views, I am going to specify mention but a few of the obstacles in Mr. AIKEN. I wish to ask the Sena- a cut that will be much greater than the international trade all these do pose a tor if he has arrived at a decision as to cut the Senator from Missouri has in- challenge to American manufacturers what he would recommend for an appro- dicated. I hope the distinguished Sen- in finding markets for the export of priation for foreign aid for this year. ator from Vermont will be in the Cham- American fashions. But it is a challenge I go along with him in saying that the ber to comment on the cut that I shall that must be accepted. authorization should be substantially re- propose.
What is more, Mr. President, the State duced, but at what level does the Senator Mr. President, I ask unanimous con- Department, despite the talk of promotthink we should reduce it to?
sent that I may yield to the Senator from ing exports, has, I understand, refused Mr. SYMINGTON. I answer my able New York [Mr. KEATING) for 3 minutes to sponsor American fashion shows in friend from Vermont that we have had without losing my right to the floor. U.S. Embassies—where they would unfigures of $4.9 billion, then $4.2 billion, The PRESIDING OFFICER. With
doubtedly attract great attention. Our that figure cut to $3.5 billion, then re- out objection, it is so ordered.
Government, I understand, argues that stored to $4.2 billion. Now, I under
they are too commercial. That is in stand, it is proposed by the amend
striking contrast to the diligent efforts
IMAGINATION IN OUR EXPORT ment proposed yesterday that this latter
taken here by representatives of several figure be reduced by some $385 million
European countries to advance their from $4.2 billion.
Mr. KEATING. Mr. President, I fashions and clothing interests. I should like to know more about the thank the Senator from Virginia. In Mr. President, in every other free details, the component parts of the pro- spite of wide discussions and consider
spite of wide discussions and consider- world country, and particularly among grams before giving a figure to the dis- able interest in the field of export ex- our industrial allies, the governments tinguished senior Senator from Vermont. pansion, the regrettable fact is that the are 100 percent behind the efforts of However, if the cut were to be a blanket United States is lagging behind other
United States is lagging behind other clothing and other manufacturers to cut, in my opinion the cut of $385 mil
more aggressive trading countries in its secure foreign markets. It is time our lion could be further reduced.
efforts to secure a larger share of the own Government began to emphasize Mr. AIKEN. The Senator means that world's markets-in fact, even in its ef- the interest and concern of U.S. firms, even though the authorization would be forts to retain its present share.
and to abandon the hands-off attitude reduced by $385 million, it could be re- In the category of manufactured which has discouraged U.S. business duced even further. The Senator be- goods, the U.S. share of world trade fell overseas and often left it unaided to deal lieves the amount would be reduced in from 29 percent in 1957 to under 23 per- with determined foreign competitors the appropriation anyway, does he not? cent in 1962. In the first 8 months of
cent in 1962. In the first 8 months of who have their government's strong Mr. SYMINGTON. My friend from 1963, our favorable trade balance was backing. Vermont has been in the Senate longer less than it was a year ago. We are Mr. President, I ask unanimous conthan I. His conjecture as to the action importing 5 percent more goods than we sent to have printed in the RECORD, folof the Appropriations Committee would did last year, but exporting only 3 per
did last year, but exporting only 3 per- lowing my remarks, an article written be based upon more experience and, I cent more.
by Sylvia Porter on this subject, pubam sure, more intelligence, than my own. It is particularly disturbing that our lished in the Evening Star of October
Mr. AIKEN. I would not agree to share in manufactured goods has de- 31, 1963. that. I know that the Senator from clined. The largest amount of our non- There being no objection, the article Missouri has had a great deal of experi- manufactured exports consists of sur- was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, ence in both the legislative and execu- plus food, cotton, and other agricultural as follows: tive branches of the Government. It is or raw materials. Most of these exports
CLOTHES MARKET WAITING ABROAD my opinion that an authorization of $3.8 are Government subsidized in one form
(By Sylvia Porter) billion or $3.6 billion-whatever the con- or another. Yet it is in the area of Frenchwomen are hungry for American ference should decide upon-would re- manufactured goods that we should be clothes and particularly want to buy our sult in an appropriation of possibly $3 making the greatest effort, for it is our “casual look" dresses made of cotton and billion, and not more than $3.25 billion, manufactured goods that provide jobs by synthetic fibers. which would be a reduction of approxi- the thousands and by the millions. Our To meet this already existing demand and mately 25 percent from last year. manufactured goods should be finding
to develop the potentially huge clothing marMr. SYMINGTON. I believe that their way into new markets and into
ket in France's cities and growing suburbs, whatever authorization is recommended
the United States sold a "grand" total of new countries. Each year should see a
$7,232 of cotton dresses and $13,635 of synby the Senate prior to the functioning of substantial advance in the sale of Amer
thetic fiber dresses to France in 1962. Our the Appropriation Committee, the au- ican goods throughout the world.
exports of all clothes to her last year averthorization should be based upon what One field that is of particular concern aged only $112,000 per month-which is we believe right.
to me is the field of clothing and fash- equivalent to saying we sold that country I do not say this in critical fashion. I ions. New York is the clothing center
next to nothing. am sure the Senator from Vermont, with of the world, employing many thousands
The women of Italy and West Germany
also are excited by the sort of clothes we whom I have served with pleasure on this of workers. It should also be the fash
produce here-about our fashions, our exand other committees, agrees with me, ion center. American clothes, which I
periments with synthetic materials, our because I know the way he approaches know would be in great demand, should prices. these problems.
be for sale in every European depart- To meet this already existing demand and Mr. AIKEN. I agree with the Sena- ment store and throughout the entire to develop the potentially huge clothing martor from Missouri that it should not be world. However, I should like to call the kets in the cities and growing suburbs of based on certain actions taken with re- attention of Senators to a recent article
Italy and West Germany, we sold a grand spect to the authorization bill; never- written by Sylvia Porter, indicating how
total of $100 (yes, 10 $10 bills) of synthetic
fiber dresses to Italy and $40,000 of synthetic theless, we must face facts and realize both our Government and businessmen
fiber dresses to West Germany in 1962. In that it will be based on them to a certain in the clothing industry have fallen
April, the peak month of exports, our sales extent. down on the job.
of all clothes to booming West Germany Mr. SYMINGTON. I hope, when the Admittedly, modern-day protective de
amounted to only $492,000. bill is passed and the money is appro- vices in trade, the advent of Common “There is a complete apathy in the United priated, it will represent the best think- Market competitors, and the problems States toward selling clothes abroad,” says ing of the Senate from the standpoint of import licenses, exchange control, Eleanor Lambert, internationally recognized authority on fashions in the United States and the Senecas came to the conclusion rior Department's Bureau of Indian Affairs and foreign clothing markets.
that further protestations were in vain, and the Defense Department's Army Corps "We have been terribly
stupid," she added they and the Friends appealed to the of Engineers have worked out the details of flatly in an interview. "We have people running to Europe to observe markets but noPresident of the United States for just providing the Senecas with direct and indi
rect damages and for relocation of the Senbody does anything about selling. The State and immediate compensation.
ecas flooded out by the Kinzua Dam. Department has refused to sponsor American
On April 9, 1961—more than 2 years Dispute: But by common consent, among fashion shows in American embassies because ago—the President wrote to the head of these interested parties, the dollar amounts they're too commercial. Yet the French the Seneca nation indicating that Gov- of the money to be paid and the acreage Embassy has frequent fashion shows in ernment action was forthcoming. My involved are still to be filled in. On this Washington. "All European countries are constantly colleague [Mr. JAVITS] and I, working there is considerable disagreement.
In the line of "special damages” as asked sending delegations of textile people and re- with the Senecas and the Friends, introtailers here to study our garmentmaking duced legislation to compensate the In- by President Kennedy, the Interior Depart
ment's Bureau of Indian Affairs and the techniques and to make licensing agree- dians for their anticipated loss.
Seneca Nation are in agreement that $691,000 ments. Yet they protect their own tech- In 1965—one short building season is a fair amount. The Army Corps of Enginiques from our observers. We don't protect from now--Indian lands and Indian neers takes no position on this, except to our own techniques.
homes will be flooded, but we still have say that Congress can authorize and provide "In the area of high fashion there is no
no bill. The Senecas cannot make plans any amount it wants, but such funds should American clothing going abroad except in travelers' suitcases." to move their homes because they still
not be charged to the cost of the project. The implications of this harsh indictment
Historical error: In this they are historido not know how much money will be go far beyond the clothing industry, impor- available. They cannot plan new sites cally in error, for in other somewhat similar
projects "special damages" have been charged tant though this industry is in our country.
because they still do not know where to the cost of the project. We must expand our exports abroad to new roads will be built. They cannot
Army Engineers and the Senecas are also provide more jobs for our workers and to plan to develop recreational facilities be- very far apart on the "subsurface value" or protect the profits of American businessmen.
cause they do not yet know what they mineral rights of Indian lands needed for the We must expand our exports overseas to earn will be allowed to develop.
reservoir. In their latest testimony before the dollars to cover our spending overseas, to narrow the deficit in our balance of pay
The House Indian Affairs Subcommit- Congress, the Senecas said they expected ments, and to curb the outflow of gold from tee has been working diligently on the payment of $4,227,000 for Seneca land, while our reserves.
the corps indicated they were willing to pay bill, and I commend the members for
only $535,000. Most of this huge difference Yet, despite the pleas by the administra- their efforts. At the same time, I must involves the difference in their estimates on tion, the hoopla about boosting our exports, point out that time is running short for subsurface values. the high-level foreign trade conferences in
these Indians, and that we have an obli- Agreement: In recent negotiations, the and out of Washington, our performance on trade expansion has been mediocre. gation, incurred in 1794, to act with Senecas and the Army Engineers have shown
they are not far apart on their appraisals In the first 8 months of 1963 our trade justice and with speed. surplus was at an annual rate of $4.6 billion,
Mr. President, an article written by of surface land values and improvements. a seemingly hefty figure but it's down from Lucian Warren which was published in Already there has been agreement on some
134 tracts of Seneca land, for which payments the level of a year ago. Our imports of goods the Buffalo Courier-Express last week
of between $25 and $15,250 will be made for are up 5 percent while our exports are up explains the status of the bill and ad- the surface value of land involved. The indionly 3 percent.
monishes the Government to act. I ask cations are that the two sides are not too When the totals are broken down, the record shows up as even more disappointing, unanimous consent to have printed in far apart on the remaining tracts, if only
surface land values and improvements are for U.S. exports not tied into foreign aid the Record the text of this article.
considered. or our farm disposal programs have been
There being no objection, the article just creeping up. The rise of non-Govern- was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, Because there is still such a big difference ment financed exports in the past 3 years has as follows:
on the subsurface estimates values, Congress been only a meager 1 percent a year.
will be presented with suggested legislation SENECAS NEED STRONG ALLY IN KINZUA ISSUE The pathetic indifference of so many busi
that will keep surface and subsurface dollar nessmen is highlighted by the clothing in
(By Lucian C. Warren)
amounts separate. Army Engineers will back dustry. Although a few pioneers are start
On August 9, 1961, President Kennedy sent one version of the legislation that will direct ing to move into Europe to explore the mar
a long letter to Basil Williams, at the time this matter be settled by the courts. Senecas ket, most in the field are either ignorant of president of the Seneca Nation of Indians. are asking that Congress authorize payment the exhilarating possibilities or are afraid It was a kindly, well-written letter, and of a certain minimum amount for subsurface to venture out, or are discouraged by artificial
while it indicated it was too late to stop rights, with the balance to be determined barriers that could be broken down if they construction of the Kinzua Dam, it did by courts. would make the effort.
promise the Government would do certain Another issue: Another area of disagreeThe story is capsulized by the comment things.
ment is due for an airing in Federal court made by a statistician for the International
Among other things, he said that he had in Buffalo on November 4, even before ConLadies' Garment Workers Union. “Some of
directed the various Federal agencies to gress acts. This is the issue of whether the the trade totals are so small,” said he, “that
consider the possibility of (1) acquiring Army Engineers have the right to take over nobody bothers to compile them." What
“lieu” lands near the reservation in exchange enough Indian land to provide a four-lane an indictment of U.S. business ingenuity and for the flooded out lands; (2) developing the limited access highway for a relocated State drive, circa 1963.
recreation potential of the reservoir, with the highway, Route 17. The Senecas maintain Indians sharing in the benefits; (3) award- Uncle Sam should have the right to acquire ing special damages to the Indians because land for a two-lane highway.
of the substantial proportion of Indian lands Still very much in the air is what is to be KINZUA DAM LEGISLATION to be taken; and providing special assistance done to rehabilitate the Senecas, to provide
to the Senecas in their relocation problems. them with jobs and a worthwhile project to Mr. KEATING. Mr. President, the
Recommendations: The letter also stated take the place of their farmlands, the best story of the plight of the Seneca Indians that "in the event legislation is required to of which will be in the reservoir area. of Salamanca, N.Y., is well known. achieve these objectives, I have asked that Brill report: The Brill engineering firm of Their ancestors signed a treaty with recommendations be prepared.”
New York has recommended in its final reGeorge Washington—the oldest treaty It is now more than 2 years since that port that a $35 million recreational-educaof the United States guaranteeing that letter was sent. Tomorrow (Friday) a Sen- tional project, and a $4,438,000 industrial they would hold forever the land which eca delegation, headed by George D. Heron, park would solve this problem. The former
would be financed by an outright grant of they received under that treaty. The present Seneca president, will confer in the
$15 million from Uncle Sam, plus $20 million Society of Friends in Philadelphia guar- assistant to President Kennedy. Basil WilWhite House with Lee White, administrative
in an interest-free loan, payable $500,000 a anteed the word of our new nation and liams will be a member of that delegation. year after the 10th year of the project. The has stood by the Senecas for almost two The Indians will undoubtedly tell the latter would be financed by an outright centuries.
President's representative that the President grant. Two years ago the U.S. Government- is a long way from delivering on his prom- So far, only the Senecas among the interover my own protests and those of thouises.
ested parties have received the Brill report sands of other Americans decided to
It is true that as of this week, substantial with enthusiasm. The Army Engineers have abrogate that treaty and take some
agreement has been reached among certain shrugged it off as another benefit that conSeneca land to build the Kinzua Dam. posed legislation which is designed to help interested parties on the language of pro- gress could provide not to be charged to the
cost of the project. The Bureau of InAfter all the lawsuits and negotiations the Senecas. Representatives of the Sene- dian Affairs has as yet to make a recommenover alternate sites had been completed cas, the House Interior Committee, the Inte- dation, and no Congressmen, either on or off the House Interior Committee, have as yet I am pleased to note that the House is trying to settle the subsurface damage endorsed the idea. Indian Affairs Subcommittee, is presently
issue and several other financial grants in Empty words: And yet if the Indians are drawing up a compromise bill and is
the Seneca legislation in time so that a bill to have a means of livelihood and if the
can be passed this year. striving diligently to come up with a western New York area is to gain some economic advantage in return for the mudflats satisfactory bill. I am hopeful that re- Mr. FULBRIGHT. Mr. President, will of the Kinzua Dam, something like the Brill maining unsettled issues, including the the Senator yield? recommendation must be adopted..
amount of damages, will be resolved and Mr. JAVITS. I am glad to yield. The Indians would do well to muster their that the House and Senate will act Mr. FULBRIGHT. Is this the case in best arguments at the White House Friday. quickly on this much needed legislation which a treaty with the Seneca Indians Unless a powerful friend comes to their res
in view of the urgent need to come to was involved? cue, they might find again that, like George terms with the serious problem of the Mr. JAVITS. There was a treaty. Washington's promise that the treaty of
That was all worked out in connection 1794 would never be broken, the 1961 letter relocation of the members of the Seneca
Nation required may have been empty words.
by the Federal with the Kinzua Dam. Legally we did Government.
not feel that the treaty actually repMr. JAVITS subsequently said: Mr.
Mr. President, I ask unanimous con- resented the kind of commitment which President, as my colleagues know, I have sent to have printed in the Record an could be enforced against the Federal long been deeply concerned with the article written by Warren Weaver, Jr., Government in respect of this dam. The critical problem of the displacement of entitled “Kinzua Dam Pact Mapped in treaty lent great weight to the need for the Seneca Nation of Indians from their House,” published in the New York Times doing at least financial justice. homes in New York brought about by the this morning.
Mr. FULBRIGHT. But the Senecas construction by the Federal Government
There being no objection, the article believe it is a violation of the treaty on of the Allegheny Dam and Reservoir
was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, the part of the United States, do they project, known as the Kinzua project, as follows:
not? located at Kinzua, Pa., which is sched
KINZUA DAM PACT MAPPED IN HOUSE-BUT Mr. JAVITS. They certainly do. It uled for completion in 1965. The taking
SENECAS AND ENGINEERS CLASH ON MINERAL broke my heart, and that of former Senof 10,000 acres of land and Seneca prop- RIGHTS
ator Ives as well, when we could not stop erty by the Federal Government in the
(By Warren Weaver, Jr.)
the dam project, because of the feeling of dam area will disturb and disrupt the
WASHINGTON, October 31.–The congres- Senators that time marches on, and that community life and economic and social
sional committee trying to reimburse the this is an extremely important project. traditions of the Seneca Nation. Seneca Indians for the flooding of their west
There was a great deal of flooding in the In view of the fact that the nearly 800 ern New York reservation drew up a com
area, and it had to be done. Senecas in the reservoir area have been promise bill today.
I thank the Senator from Arkansas for warned to abandon their homes by Oc
The new legislation apparently settled a
his intercession. tober 1, 1964, the immediacy of the prob- good many of the tangled legal questions
involved in the Kinzua Dam controversy, lems of providing compensation for the
but it still left the Indians and the Army displaced nation and its members is Engineers at odds over several critical finan
SYRACUSE, N.Y. patently clear. cial issues.
Mr. KEATING. Mr. President, in On July 9, I, together with Senators Most important, it developed at a hearing February 1961, the Metropolitan DevelKEATING, SCOTT, CLARK, McGOVERN, CASE, of the House Indian Affairs Subcommittee,
opment Association of Syracuse, N.Y., and ERVIN, introduced a bill (S. 1836), to
is the question of how much the Seneca
Tribe should receive from the Federal Gov- sponsored a major conference of comprovide for much needed financial compensation for the relocation, rehabilita- Reservoir will do to sand, gravel, oil, and gas
munity leaders and planners from ernment for the injury the new Allegany munity leaders and
Reservoir will do to sand, gravel, oil, and gas Onondaga County and developers and tion, social and economic development of rights on the property.
financiers from across the United States. the Seneca Nation of Indians and its in- The Army Engineers' spokesman at the The purpose of the 2-day conference was dividual members who will be displaced hearing, Loney W. Hart, estimated that these
to discuss the potential of the Syracuse by the taking of their property. In prorights for the 10,000 acres of Seneca Reserva
metropolitan area and ways and means tion to be flooded by the reservoir would viding compensation for the Seneca In
be damaged only to the extent of about dians, the bill expressed in legislative
for accomplishing planning goals. $50,000.
In the short space of 2 years, remarkform the intent of President Kennedy as
But Arthur Lazarus, the Washington law- able changes have taken place in the reflected in his August 9, 1963, letter to yer who represented the Seneca Nation, Syracuse-Onondaga area. the Seneca Nation, in which he declared maintained that the figure should be $5 The city of Syracuse has approved “the desire of the Federal Government to million. He said the Senecas would be will- the Presidential Plaza development in assist the members of the Seneca Nation ing to settle, however, for a minimum guar
the Near East Side urban renewal area. in every proper way to make the adjust- antee of $500,000 in the legislation.
When completed, this will provide nearment as fair and orderly as possible."
ly 1,000 apartments in three 30-story Legislation to provide compensation This disparity prompted the chairman of apartments, three 10-story apartments to the Seneca Indians for the Federal the parent House Interior Committee, Rep- and 27 townhouses. taking has also been introduced in the resentative WAYNE N. ASPINALL, Democrat,
Development of a new 25-story officeHouse. The Subcommittee on Indian of Colorado, to protest that "I don't under
hotel building and 4 other major office stand this 100-to-1 ratio. I can't underAffairs of the House Committee on Instand this variation at all."
buildings have begun in downtown terior and Insular Affairs has conducted
Originally, the Army Engineers called for Syracuse. hearings on the bills. The House Com
a bill that would simply give the Senecas, in The voters of Onondaga County have mittee has spent a good deal of time con- return for the subsurface rights on their approved a modern county charter with sidering the positions of the executive land, whatever a Federal court said they an elected county executive and a bond agencies and proposed provisions of the were entitled to.
issue for $45 million for a new water bill, including estimated direct and in- Today Mr. Hart, who is chief of real estate
supply. direct damages. It has encouraged con- legislative services for the corps, offered a tinued discussion between the Corps of compromise. Under it, the Indians would
Modern terminals have been opened get $500,000 but would become responsible Engineers and the Seneca Nation on
at Hancock Airport for air passengers for any claims lodged by persons to whom
and by the New York Central Railroad problems concerning this legislation. gas and oil leases had been assigned.
for train passengers. The Seneca Nation has actively coop- The Senecas could go to court if they
Hospital facilities in Onondaga County erated in this regard with the House wanted to try to improve on this settlement, have been increased with the opening of Committee. In addition, on October 25, but they would then risk losing money if the 298-bed community hospital. Con1963, a delegation from the Seneca Na- the Federal court award was less than struction is well advanced on the 396tion traveled to the White House to $500,000. Mr. Lazarus called this latest Army confer with administration officials on proposal "completely unacceptable.”
bed State hospital of the Upstate Medirelocation matters and the pending legis- being built on the Allegheny River near
Kinzua Dam is a $115 million project
cal Center, with the opening scheduled
in 1964. lation. The Seneca Nation is deeply Warren, Pa., by the Army Engineers.
Syracuse University which has averconcerned over its future and has already The subcommittee chairman, Representa- aged two new buildings a year since 1946 begun preparation for the relocation. tive JAMES A. HALEY; Democrat, of Florida, has increased the tempo of its building