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arbitration case in which he was engaged. This report in MS. was borrowed by the Court of Appeal for use during the case of Aird v. Bristol Corporation, when the learned Author was requested to publish it. From the history of this case, we assume that these unreported cases were actually reported by the Author himself or by some duly qualified counsel. Their authority would be enhanced and, indeed, placed upon the same footing as cases reported in the Law Reports, if the names of the Barristers reporting them were attached. Vol. II, we may note, is wholly concerned with Reports of Cases, and with Forms and Precedents. This is of especial value to those practitioners in the provinces who have not access to a law library. The great improvement which has taken place in this edition should render it even more valuable to practitioners generally than its predecessors.

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Eighth Edition. Lumley's Public Health Acts.

By A. MACMORRAN, M.A., K.C., and J. SCHOLEFIELD, assisted by G. R. Hill, M.A., and K. M. MACMORRAN, M.A., L.L.B. London: Butterworth & Co. 1914.

The first edition of this work was given to the world by the late Mr. W. G. Lumley, Q.C., who was the Counsel to the Local Government Board, assisted by his son Mr. Edmund Lumley, afterwards for many years a member of the staff of the Law Reports. They were only responsible for that Edition. The second and third were edited by the late Mr. W. Patchett, Q.C., and Mr. Alexander Macmorran, who has continued to be the principal Editor, with different coadjutors down to the present time; the book has grown enormously in bulk, and its original Editors would hardly recognise it as their offspring. It is now contained in two bulky volumes, each consisting of 1300 pages of text, to which are added 370 pages made up of Table of Contents, Table of Cases and Table of Statutes, and an Index containing 232 pages more. The Index is bound up with each volume. There are thus over 1200 pages in addition to the text proper. In the first volume the statutes directly dealing with Public Health and Local Government are set out in full. The second contains a miscellaneous collection of Acts, more or less connected with these subjects, beginning with the Knackers Act 1786 and ending with the Ancient Monuments Amendment Act 1913, 865 pages. The relation of some of them to Public Health appears rather distant. Then follow orders of the Local Government Board, and other

Government Departments dealing with various matters. They are voluminous, 444 pages, but in a collected form are not easily accessible elsewhere, and so are properly included in this book. The scheme of the work continues as it was at first. It sets out the text of the various Public Health Acts now in force, beginning with the Consolidation Act of 1875, appending to each section notes giving the effect of the various cases in which those sections, and others more or less relating to the same matters, have been considered by the Courts, and calling attention to other sections relating to the same matter. Cases reported up to July 19th are dealt with. As far as a necessarily somewhat cursory perusal of some of these notes enables one to form an opinion, the effect of the decisions is given accurately ; but the notes are often so voluminous that it is a labour of considerable difficulty to ascertain their meaning. The Editors are apparently mindful of the old line, “Brevis esse laboro obscuros fio,” and have certainly avoided that pitfall. They say in their Preface that it would have been possible to condense many of the notes by merely stating the principles apparently deducible from the cases cited, but that they “were reluctant to depart from the plan of giving in some detail the facts of the various cases, having regard to the fact that the book is often used in places where law reports are not easily procurable, and by readers who find it helpful to see how general principles have been applied by the Courts in concrete cases." This, of course, explains their reason for perpetuating the old arrangement.

But what was convenient when the book was small, ceases to be so now that it has grown to its present size. These volumes are inconveniently large for an advocate to take into Court, and for use in chambers would generally be more helpful if they stated principles more definitely.

The law affecting matters relating to Public Health and Local Government can probably be always ascertained from a careful perusal of these tomes, but not always much more readily than from an equal amount of labour devoted to the statutes themselves and the reported cases, aided by a digest to direct one's inquiries to the right quarter. A lawyer whose studies or practice have made him acquainted with this branch of the law, can with trouble and care find his way through this confused mass of statutes and cases by either method. But if he has not already a knowledge of the subject, he must not expect from the accumulated information contained in these volumes, to find an immediate answer to the

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question with which he is concerned. The difficulty of making a reliable treatise on a subject so large as that dealt with in this book —where fresh legislation and fresh decided cases are yearly being added to render existing confusion more confounded—is great. A fresh consolidating statute, on the lines of the Act of 1875, is badly needed. Till such an Act is passed, Lumley's Public Health Acts will remain a standard text-book on the subject. The matter now dealt with does not lend itself readily to the original form of the book; but as that form has been retained, the Editors may certainly be congratulated on having brought it up to date, and on having produced a new edition which will maintain the reputation of those which preceded it.

1914. — This

Encyclopedia of the Laws of England. Vol. XVI. Edited by Max. ROBERTSON. London : Sweet & Maxwell. volume constitutes the Annual Supplement to the second edition of the Encyclopædia, which contains the amendments of and the additions to the law from 1906, the date of publication of the second edition, to the end of 1913. In the volume before us the arrangement of the main work has been followed. References to the former volumes are given throughout, the number of the page appearing opposite each entry. Intended primarily to bring up to date the original work, this volume at the same time forms a digest of the statutes and cases during the period covered. Precedents of Wills, which were crowded out of Vol. XV, find a place under the title of Will. An adequate Index has been added. The volume is indispensable to those possessing the main work.

Scintille Juris and Meditations in the Tea-room. By the Hon. Mr. JUSTICE DARLING. London: Stevens & Haynes. 1914.

— These sparks from a brilliant mind, which to many other minds have in particles long ago conveyed delight, are now combined in one constellation for the revival of an old remembrance.

Handbook of Legal Proceedings Abroad. By H. A. MÖLLER and HARRI WOLFF. London: G. Salby. 1914.—This small volume is compiled by various foreign experts, and is printed in French and German with an English rendering. It applies to the European countries and the United States of America, and to Egypt, Brazil, Cape Colony, and the Balkan States. It is undoubtedly a laborious work, but it is not of an exhaustive nature. The portion devoted to England, in the English version, is five pages.

The Temple. By Hugh H. L. BELLOT. London : Methuen & Co. 1914.--This is one of the best of the smaller guide books to the Temple, for it is written from an inner knowledge and is full of antiquarian and biographical anecdotes.

Third Edition. An Analysis of Williams on Real and Personal Property. By A. M. WILSHERE, M.A., LL.B. London: Sweet & Maxwell. 1914.-The Author modestly publishes the warning that the work “is a note-book and nothing more.” But it is a concise and skilfnl note-book, and even to a careful student of Williams, who robustly adopts the rarely followed plan of making his own analysis from memory after he has read and digested a chapter, it would be a valuable and corrective support ; for this is a third edition and the Author is a master of his subject.

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Fourth Edition. Elements of the Law of Contract. By A. T. CARTER. London: Sweet & Maxwell. 1914.—It is now four years since the appearance of the last edition of this most admirable introduction to the law of contract. For an illustration of Dr. Carter's original methods of dealing with a hackneyed subject, we may refer the student to his definitions of “inferred,” “ implied,” and quasi-contract.” We are not sure that we wholly agree with Dr. Carter's conclusions, but there can be no question of the value of thus stimulating the student to think out the problem for himself. We are still puzzled with the use of italics in the Table of Cases. We assume they are intended to indicate the leading cases, but there is nothing to suggest the reason. In the section dealing with contracts in restraint of trade, we miss any reference to the recent important case of Mason v. Provident Clothing & Supply Company (L. R. [1913), A. C. 724), decided in the House of Lords.

Eighth Edition. Seaborne's Law of Vendors and Purchasers of Real Property. By W. A. JOLLY, M.A., and W. G. Hart, LL.D. London : Butterworth & Co. 1914.-Of this old established work, the reputation which was founded on its original accuracy and supported by later issues will be confirmed by the present edition, which preserves the well-considered division of the subject. Such a preservation of design is convenient for those who are familiar with any of the earlier copies. Though the compass of the treatise is somewhat restricted, it is a very important one. Since the preceding issue, Acts and Rules of consequence have come into existence, such as the Land Transfer Rules 1908, the Finance Act 1910, the Conveyancing Act 1911, and the Bankruptcy Act of last year. All that is pertinent in these, and in the principal decisions on the topic down to May last, have been inserted, so that the volume is sure of acceptance.

Thirteenth Edition. Alpe's Law of Stamp Duties. By A. R. RUDALL and H. W. JORDAN. London: Jordan & Sons. 1914. The stamp duties are a complicated subject, but they have one alleviating aspect, for whatever dubiety there may be about the construction of the Acts of 1890, the words are interpreted by their simple meaning. The intention of the Legislature is not investigated by the Courts, and as the two Acts of that year are set out in the text, the reader has so far a placid course. But the subsequent Revenue and Finance Acts down to 1912 have repealed or amended certain sections of the principal Acts. These, however, and the ruling decisions on the whole subject, are clearly represented in the notes ; so that to any question on this branch of the law, the book will supply a complete and reliable answer.

Books received, reviews of which have been held over owing to want of space :-Bolland's Select Bills in Eyre, A.D. 1292—1333; Fraser's Law of Torts ; Burrows' The Law of Income Tax relating to Business Profits ; Gow's Sea Insurance ; Davies' The Finance (1909-10) Act 1910; key and Elphinstone's Precedents in Convey rcing ; Jenks' DE English Civil Law, Book III, Sections 12–17; Anderson's The Criminal Justice Administration Act 1914.

Other Publications received :—Why we are at War (Clarendon Press, Oxford); Status of the International Court of Justice and Justice between Nations (Society for Judicial Settlement of International Disputes, Baltimore, U.S.A.); Calendar of London School of Economics ; Scott's The Effect of War on Contracts (Stevens & Sons); Cambridge Pocket Diary 1914-15 (Cambridge University Press).

The Law Magazine and Revietu receives or exchanges with the following amongst other publications :- Juridical Review, Law Times, Law Journal, Justice of the Peace, Law Quarterly Review, Irish Law Times, Australian Law Times, Canada Law Journal, Canada Law Times, Chicago Legal News, American Law Review, American Lacu Register, Harvard Law Review, Case and Comment, Green Bag, Madras Law Journal, Calcutta Weekly Notes, Law Notes, Law Students' Journal, Bombay Law Reporter, Medico-Legal Journal, Indian Review, Kathiazvar Law Reports, The Lawyer (India), South African Law Journal.

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