Page images

Plowing 10 acres.....
Drilling ....
Seed, 20 bushels ......
Cutting and hauling...
Threshing and weigbing.
Taxes and interest ...

$20 00

3 00 5 00 10 00

2 50 23 00 15 00 30 00

By 19,390 pounds of oats, at $1.00 per hundred..

$110 50 193 90 83 40


State of Ohio, Mahoning County, 88. :

Zenas Turner and II. J. Shields being duly sworn, says that they measured the land on which J. II. Shields raiserl a crop of oats, wbich be enters for the preminm offered by the Mahoning County Agricultural Society for lcit, and that there were ten acres, and

no more.



I, Zenas Turner, further swear that I weighed the oats raised on the land measured by II. J. Shields and myself, and there were six hundred and forty-six bushels and ten ponads, at thirty pounds to the busbel.



Signed in my presence and sworn to before me, this 27th day of December, A.D. 1878.

Rallu AGXEW, Justice of the Peace.



The first premium on a field of wheat was awarded to E. Y. Kivgman. This was a piece of black Jand, well drained, containing 13 acres. Three crops of corp and one of oats were grown in succession upon the land. About September 1, 1877, the oats stubblo was plowed sia inches deep and about twenty two two-horse wagon loads of thirtysix busbels each of well rotted stable and sbeep shed manure was evenly scattered over tbe plowed ground. Between September 10 and 15, 29 busbels of Fultz wheat was sown broad-cast and harrowed in; wheat cut with reaper 1st day of July ; threshed 48 bushels, machive measure, and 50+ busbels struck measure; weighed 65 lbs. per bushel, struck measure, or 43 bushels per acre.

The second premium on wheat was awarded to Lafayette Gates. As per statement, be plowed 1 1-16 acres sward, five years old, August 1, 1877. Soil, clay, mixed with sandstone; harrowed as soon as plowed, on 20.11 of August; top dressed with twenty

loads barnyard manure, stirred op well with a double shovel plow, and September 13, sowed vinety pounds of Claws on wheat, broadcast, shoveied it in and then harrowed the ground. Harvesteil July 8, thresheil August 25, and obtained 3: bushels, machine measure, or 36 4-17 bushels per acre.


WHEAT. Slate of Ohio, County of Stark, 88.:

Before nie, the undersigned authority, appeared Jesse Deuell and Charles W. Sherman, who make oath and say that on the 5th day of October, A.D. 1878, at the request of Alexander Hurford, they measured a certain piece of ground, the property of said Hurford, located in Canton township, in said county, the area thereof bein: seven and seventepths (7-10) acres. Affiants further say that on or about the lot day of September, A.D. 1878, they helped to thresh the wheat grown upon said area of seven acres and seren-tents, and measured the yiell thereof, and found it to be 348 bushels, being 46 9-10 busliels to the acre; that subsequently they weighed the same, and found the yield to be 3: 96-10 bushels, being 48 46-100 bushels per acre. Said wheat being wbat is termed “Fuliz wheat."


Sworn to by the said Jesse Deuell and Charles W. Sherman before me, and by them signed in my presence this — day of October, A.D. 1678.

E. M. GRIMES, Justice of the I'cace.

I herewith give you a statement of the culture of the crop of wheat which I this year entered in compétition for the premium on wheat. I cleared the fied in the years 1867 and 1863, and in the fall of 1863 I gave it one plowing and sowed it with Mediterranean wheat, and harvested about 20 busbels to the acre iu 1809. In the spring of le70 I planted it in corn, and had an excellent crop, and I aguin planted the same field in corn in 1871, and bad a very good crop. In the spring of 1872 I sowed the same in barley, and threshed about 40 bushels to the acre. I then gave tho barley sinbbles a very heavy coat of manure, and then sowed it down in wheat in the fall of 1572, and in the spring of 1873 sowed the same in clover avd let it rest until the fall of 1876, thinking to tike a crop of clover seed off of it, but finding it would make it too late to wait on the clover seed, I put the plows into it, turned it under, and sowed it in wheat on the 8th of September, 1876, and the barvest of 1877 I had a very good crop, but would have been much better, but, unfortunately, just when the wheat was fairly coming into blossom, we had a very heavy rain and wind storm, and it blew the wheat down so flat that it could not till, and as I had sown the field in clover the spring previous, and the wheat going down so bad that it smothered the clovor, I ihought I would try it again in wheat. There were a great many stumps in the field, and I went to work and took them all out, except the very largest, and then plowed it up and sowed in wheat again the 12th of Septeniber, 1877. The piece of land is 32 by 38 rods square, wiili a little marsh or pond in it, which is 110 by 110, leavivg a net acreage of 7 25-1000 acres, yielding, as it came from the machine, 318 bushels, clean wheat, by measure, being an average of 40 bushels per acre by measure, or 48 46-60 bushels by weight. I would further etate this crop

was no heavier in the straw than last year, but it was very nicely filled before any of it fell, and I do think that if I had reaped the field instead of cutting it with the reaper, the yield would have went over 50 bushels per acre.


State of Ohio, County of Slark, 88.:

John Gardner and J. P. Sundiy, being duly sworn, say they accurately measnred the land upon which Samuel Correll raised a crop of wheat the past season, and the quantity of land is 312 rods, or 2 acres and 22 rods, and no more.


J. P. Sunday, being dnly sworn, says that he measured and weighed the wheat raised on the above mentioned land, and that there was eighty-four and one-half (841) bushels, and no more or less.

J. P, SUNDAY. State of Ohio, County of Stark, 88.:

Before me, ibe uudersigned authority within and for said couuty, personally appeared Jolin Gardner and J. P. Sunday, who, being duly sworn, say that the statement contained in the foregoing affidavits, to which they have subscribed their names, are true, as they verily believe. Witness my hand and notarial seal this 30th day of September, 1878. "SEAL)


Notary Public for Stark County, Ohio. The soil on which the above described crop of wheat was raised is a gravelly loam, and was ju clover sod two years old. Plowed nine inches deep the latter part of July, and left in the furrow until the latter part of August, when it was harrowed four times with a common harrow and worked once with a two-horse cultivator.

The seed was put in with a drill, on the 13th day of September, at the rate of one and a baif busbels to the acie, of the Fuitz variety. There was no manure applied to the land. The wheat was harvested on the 3d day of July.

The expense of raisiug said crop can be readily estimated by any farmer from the above statement.



Personally appeared before me Peter Welker and Wm. W. Welker, who, being duly sworn, cloposes and says that we surveyed a certain piece of land belonging to S E. Martin, in Perry township, Stark county, Ohio, wbich was planted with corn in 1878, and from our survey the said piece of land contains two acres, and no more.


Wu, W. WILKER. Sworn to ani snbscribed in my presence, by the said Peter Welker and Wm. W. Welker, this tlie 12th day of November, 1878.

ISAAC II. Brown, Justice of the l'eace.

Corn from E, S. Martin-


18,480 pounds. 6.900


11,500 pounds.

MassillOx, Ouro, December 24, 1878. A. D. MILLER-Sir: I shall endeavor to give you the manner of cultivation of corn crop as nearly as I can: The ground upon which I planted was an oli pasture, plowed about the middle of March, 1872, with one of L. M. Gibb’s Champion plows, with spear cutter attached. General depth about five inches. The sod was barrowed twice with a sharp steel-toothed harrow; then it was shoveled with a double shovel pluw; barrowed again, and marked both ways with sharp plow, width between rows about tbree feet eight inches; planted May 16th, from three to four grains in bill; corn was worked from Arst to last with double shovel plow, being four times in all twice to the row. After the third piowing it was hand-hoed, to free the bills from weeds. The last cultivation was executed the last week in June. It might be well enough to state, also, that after the corn came up I scattered corn (shelled) all over the field daily for about one week in order to keep crows, blackbirds, pigeons, etc., from uprooting my corn which I planted.

E. S. MARTix.


State of Ohio, Stark County, 88.:

J. P. Sunday and G. C. Ponting being duly sworn, say they have accurately measured the land upon which Samuel Correll raised a crop of oats the past season, and the quantity of laud is three hundred and twenty-five ard one-lialf rods and no more.


G. C. Post[IS, J. P. Sunday being duly sworn, says that he weighed the oats raised on the above mentioned land, and that there was one hundred and twenty-nine bushels and seven pounds of oats, and no less.

J. P. SUNDAY. Sworn to and subscribed before me, this 1st day of October, A. D. 1878. (SEAL)

A. Pontius, Notary Public.

The land on which I raised the above crop of oats is second bottom, loamy soil, with gravel subsoil; was a corn stubble, baving been in corn two years in succession ; nanured at the rate of ten loads of stable manure per acre when put in corn first; was plowed for oals about the 15th of April; was harrowed twice with a common barrow. The seed was put in with a drill on the 23th day of April, at the rate of two bushels to the acre. The oats was harvested the 23th day of July.



State of Ohio, County of Stark, 88.:

Personally appeared Peter Geary and John P. Geary before me, S. Slanker, a Notary Public in and for Stark county, who made solemn oath that they raised on one-fourth of an acre of ground, on the Bondfield Farm, this season, forty-five bushels Victor potatoes.

Join P. GEARY.

Sworn to and subscribed before me, this 12th day of October, A. D. 1878. [SEAL)

S. SLANKER, Notary Publio.

To the Stark County Agricultural Society :

GENTLEMES: The two acres upon which I raised the crop of potatoes exbibited at the fair for 1.73 on sandy soil. The year 1877 the ground was partured, and in the spring of the present year turned down early. After the p'owing The ground was harrowed twice; then scored abont three foot apart both ways. The potatoes were put in the ground from four to five inches, covered with hoe; planted about 20th of May. After plauting, the ground was rolled as soon as the tops appeared ; it was bar. rowed twice, avd soon after plowed and hoed the last time about June 20th. Four days were spent in picking the bugs off. From three to four eyes were put in a hill. The variety was the Victor.

ANDREW PEARSON. To the Board of Agriculture of the Stark County Agricultural Society :

We, Lewis Bloomfield and Lorin C. Wise, say that ne bare measured the ground and yield of potatoes for A. M. Wise, and find there was one-fourth of an acre of land, and the yield therefrom is forty-two bushels, the product of 1878.


LORIN C. WISE. Sworn to and subscribed before me, a Notary Public, this 1st day of October, 1878.

R. Z. WISE, Notary Publio. I raised the above crop of potatoes on new groupd-ground that had not been farmed previously. Scored it out one way, and planted in bills about sixteen inches apart, two cut potatoes being put in a hill. Planted the latter part of May, and worked three times with sbovel-plow, hoeing the last time. No manure used. P. S.-Scored out three and one-balf feet apart. Yours truly,




II. C. Fuller makes the following statement of the cost of cultivating a crop of corn of two acres. This field has been planted two years in succession in corn, 1878.

Dr. April 15. To 30 loads of manure, at 50 cents per load

$15 00 22. Tv 1 day's plowing, at $2.50 per day

2 50 23. To 1 day's plowing, at $2.50 per day

2 00 May 13. To 1 day's rolling and barrowing, at $2.50 per day.

2 50 14. To $ day's marking out corn ground, at $2.00 per day.

66 15. To 14 quarts of seed corn, at $1.00 per bushel

1 25 13. To 4 men 1 day each, at 90 cents per day...

90 30. To 1 day’s cultivating, at $2.50 per day

2 50 30. To 1 day's boeing, at 90 cents per day

90 June 13. To 1 day's cultivating, at $2.50 per day

2 50 13. To lf day's hoeing, at 90 cents per day

1 33 July 12. T» 1 day's plowing out corn, at $2.50 per day...

2 50 13. To 14 day's boeing, at 90 cents per day

1 33 Sept. 24. To 2 days cutting up corn, at 90 cents per day......

1 E0 Oct. 30. To 4 days' busking, at 75 cents per day....

3 00


$11 21

« PreviousContinue »