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TABLE (27).

SUMMARY OF FATAL and NON-FATAL ACCIDENTS, classified according to PLACE

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The death-rates per 1,000 persons employed were as follow:

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Four fatal and 21 non-fatal accidents were reported, resulting in four deaths, and injury to 21 persons. The corresponding figures for 1905 were two deaths and 12 persons injured.

The fatal accidents are described in brief in Appendix I. The non-fatal accidents do not appear to call for special comment. They occurred in the following quarries :Essex.-Grays Askew (chalk, 2), Lion (chalk, 5).

Shropshire.-Clee hill (basalt, 2); Sharpstones (quartzite, 2).

Staffordshire.-Cannon St. (marl); Cobridge (marl); Hartshill (marl); Leycett (marl); Piercy (marl); Top (sandstone); Turners Hill (basalt). Worcestershire.-Cakemore (marl); Portway Road (marl, 2).

By Blasting.

At Northywood marl quarry, on 25th January, a clay getter was burned by the sparks from a fuse which he was lighting falling into an open powder box and igniting some loose gunpowder. :

At Scotia Bank marl quarry on 13th March, a clay getter had his eye seriously injured by the explosion of a bobbin of compressed powder, which he was forcing into a hole with a rammer formed by an iron pipe with a copper end, which he declared had been supplied to him by the works manager and had been used by him for seventeen months. The owners contested his claim for compensation on the ground that he had been guilty of serious and wilful misconduct. The County Court Judge repelled the plea, and said the wilful misconduct appeared to be on the part of the employers in allowing such a tool to be used.

None of the other non-fatal accidents appears to call for remark.

ACCIDENTS OUTSIDE QUARRIES.

One fatal and two non-fatal accidents were reported. The former is described in Appendix I.

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APPENDIX I.

LIST of FATAL ACCIDENTS, in MINES under the COAL MINES REGULATION ACTS, in the STAFFORD DISTRICT during the year 1906.

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Deceased was taking a piece of top coal off a longwall face to make room for a prop, and thereby liberated a piece of rock about
7 feet in length, 1 foot 6 inches in width at bottom, and about 5 feet in thickness, which fell upon him. Its outer side was
formed by a long wall break, and its inner side by a slip which was not visible before the accident took place.
Deceased was standing on the plates at the top of a jig, holding a tape to measure off the distance for the next jig-chock, when a
fall of roof occurred directly over the plates from between the four bars put up in rectangular form at the landing. The
fall came from a slip and a break in the roof parallel to the face.
Deceased was barring down some coal previously shaken by a shot. In coming away it displaced two rearers, reeled out some
props, and let down the roof. He was killed almost instantly.

Deceased and another worked in a stall 13 feet wide, which had been holed about halfway across its width. A sprag was said
to have been set and drawn, and as the coal did not come down deceased proceeded to stamp a hole for a wedge. The coal
then came away suddenly from two slips, one of which was visible before the accident. Deceased was killed and his mate
seriously injured
Deceased was assisting to set a prop in a thick coal opening, 16 feet in height. Four or five hundredweights of top slipper coal
suddenly fell, breaking the prop they were holding and covering him. He succumbed to his injuries five hours later.

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Deceased was cutting up in the top coal, 4 feet thick, in order to drop the coal in a "waste." About two tons of coal suddenly fell from two slips at right angles to each other and previously unseen, and killed him instantly.

Deceased was taking out ground at the deep side of a level in the Cockshead seam to make room for a wall. A fall occurred and He died from the injuries received, on May 29th, 1906. deceased, who was in a stooping position, was struck on the back,

* All mines are coal mines, unless otherwise specified.

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1906.

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29,

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April 23, 11.30 a.m.

Earl of Dudley

John Witton,

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Thos. Southall,
54,
Pikeman.

Wm. Parker,

40,
Oddman.

Deceased was ridding stone from a shot in a drift in the Black Band Stone when a fall occurred from between two parallel slips
running up the face. Deceased was killed by the lower end of the fall. Before the shot was fired the pack was made up to
within two feet of the face, and it was only after the shot was fired that the second slip became exposed. After the occur-
rence there was a space of only four and a-half feet between pack and face.

Deceased was taking a loaded tub of coal outbye in the thick seam when a "bump' " took place and about 20 tons of coal fell,
killing both him and his horse. (See Report p. 13).

Deceased was preparing to set a post under the roof on the down throw side of a small fault in the Ten Feet seam. A level had
been driven across the fault in the tops to a slip 4 feet from it. Deceased had thirled in the heading from a cross-cut driven
up between the fault and the slip. The heading had been standing two weeks without timber when deceased thirled into it.
Had timber been set when the heading was driven the accident might not have occurred. At the inquest the jury
requested the coroner to censure the night and day firemen for neglect in that they had not had timber set in the heading
before the cross-cut was thirled.

Deceased was kneeling under the holing in a wide heading, cleansing out a shot hole, when a piece of top dirt 6 feet long, 1 foot
3 inches in thickness and about 1 foot in breadth came away from a slip, reeling out two sprags, and falling upon him,
killed him instantly.
The accident occurred in an opening 17 feet wide and 9 feet high, in a rib of Thick Coal 22 feet broad. Deceased was filling a tub
when a "bump" took place and a piece of "Brazil" coal fell upon him. Owing apparently to a misunderstanding between
a pikeman who took him home and the doctor, the accident was not reported until after the inquest by which time certain
posts said to have been set had been drawn and the roof let down. Deceased's spinal cord had been injured and he died on
the following day.

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Deceased and the " doggy were drawing some 11 feet props to let down the top coal. They had drawn three and deceased
was clearing away some dirt from the foot of a fourth to relieve it, in order that they might knock it out with a "bunter,"
when the coal above fell, knocking out this prop and another. Deceased's skull, thigh and three ribs were fractured, and
his back severely injured. He succumbed 15 hours afterwards. The post which the men were trying to draw could
probably have been safely got out by a pulling jack and chain.

Foxfield Colliery Co., Frederick Brough, Deceased was riding on the last load of a journey of twelve when a load left the metals and knocked out one leg of a set of
Ltd.
timber, causing 6 or 7 sets to reel out and letting down a large quantity of small roof bass, under which deceased was
buried.

Shelton Iron, Steel
and Coal Co., Ltd.

26.
Roadman.

James Lockett.
34,
Top Ripper.

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Deceased was killed by a fall of roof in the ripping in a level in the Cockshead seam. Three shots had been fired and he had
pulled all loose dirt. He stood on the pile of debris attempting to pull down a lump partly loose. It was thought he was
doing this with a pick instead of a bar and that when the lump came he stumbled on the loose heap under foot and fell
beneath the dirt he was pulling.

Deceased was filling a tub at a longwall face in a seam 7 feet 5 inches in thickness, when a "rate" of coal, 10 inches in thickness,
came away from a slip joint in an overhanging face, knocked his head against the tub and killed him instantly.
Fall of top coal (see Report, p. 13).

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Deceased was loading at the face in the Hardmine Seam when a fall of roof occurred from between two bars and directly
over the end of a long lid to a post set between the bars. The fall came from a slip in the roof running between and
parallel to the two bars.
This accident occurred in an opening in thick coal "pickings," where the strata are much crushed and broken. Four posts had
been drawn in the bolt hole in order to drop some slipper coal, but as it did not come down a hole was drilled for a shot.
Preparatory to firing it, deceased was drawing another post, and with a view to this, was relieving the lid with a pick. A
large fall of coal suddenly took place and killed him. The place was well timbered, but if the props had been drawn by
a ringer and chain deceased might have been in a safer place.

Deceased was pulling down some roof stone in a road alongside a fault at the long wall face in the Bassey Mine. To do this he
stood in a tub about three yards from the face. A fall occurred from a slip running along by the packside and sloping up
to the fault on the other side of the roadway. Two posts near the face were reeled out by the fall, which extended back a
distance of 5 yards from the face, to the last bond of timber. Had the existence of the slip been known, more bars would
have been set nearer the face

The deceased was a "getter" in a longwall face where there is a seam of coal 2 feet thick at a distance of 34 feet above the
working seam. An air road running into the face had been ripped up to this coal, and a little of the latter had fallen in
the air road. Deceased went, without instructions, to rid out the fallen coal, and probably attempted to pull a little more.
While so doing a fall of coal and shale 2 feet thick above it fell on deceased, and caused injuries from which he died on
June 23rd.

Deceased was engaged in re-timbering a level in the Red Mine near the bottom of a jig. He was cutting a nick in the deep side
for a short leg to hold a bar 4 feet distant from a bar similarly supported. A fall of roof occurred over a distance of
12 feet, reeling out the last-mentioned bar and burying deceased. It is probable that in cutting the nick deceased reached
a joint in the strata and so liberated the ground on the deep side of the level and on which the roof was supported.
He stood about 4 feet from
Deceased was watching a stallman pulling down a piece of coal off a buttock end in a 5 feet seam.
the coal face and about feet from the stallman. The latter told him to stand back, but deceased said he was "all right.'
When the coal came away it knocked out a temporary prop set near the face, which struck deceased and knocked him
against the corner of the pack, fracturing his skull. Had the stallman exercised ordinary care he would have insisted upon
deceased getting out of the way before pulling down the coal.

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Deceased was assisting to remove some loose timber from a waste in the Cockshead previous to drawing the back row of posts.
He was killed by a fall of roof which came from between two slips about 8 feet apart, and which broke a bar and reeled
out two posts on which it was supported. The slips were invisible before the occurrence and two shot holes had been bored
in the rock that fell, with a view to blasting it down after the withdrawal of the timber under it.

Deceased was walking inbye between his horse and a set of two tubs, which contained some props. At a point 25 yards from
the face a fall of roof took place, some props having been knocked out either by the projecting end of a prop which
overhung the right front corner of the first tub, or by a slip off the side, more probably the latter. He was buried by the
fall and died before he could be extricated. Had he been walking behind the tubs he would have escaped injury.
Deceased was a scraper-out on a face, cut under by a holing machine. He was killed by a piece of coal weighing three or four
cwt. which fell off the face while he was scraping slack from the cut immediately beneath. Loose coal on the face had
been noticed early in the shift, and stretchers set had been taken out, the face brushed and fresh timber set. At the back
of the lump was a slip parallel to the face. It is probable that the slack removed by scraping released the coal at the back
of the cat, and it dropped sufficiently to loose hold of the stretcher supporting it and then rolled over outwards on to
deceased.

Deceased and another were getting down some loose coal which had broken over the timbers in a roadway in Thick Coal, and
which had been heating. A fall of coal came off the side and killed him instantly.

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Deceased worked in a narrow heading 5 feet wide, the roof of which was formed by a 6-inch coal, overlaid by 9 inches of
"batt.'
No timber was used. He went outbye to get a drink and when 10 yards from face the roof coal and batt suddenly
fell across whole width of place and for a length of 9 feet, disclosing a hitherto unseen slip at one side of and parallel to
the heading.

A road 4 feet 9 inches in height was being ripped to 8 feet. Deceased and another were setting two liners under the brow to strengthen some broken bars. They had almost finished when the broken bar reeled out and the roof came down, reeling out the liners. Deceased's neck was broken.

* All mines are coal mines, unless otherwise specified.

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