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esperiment. Then, again, when a registry has been created it would only

QUESTIONS. become necessary to register before selling, settling, or mortgaging: A 1. Are scale fees usually charged | Total number,of replies, 19.

13 person in possession and not desiring to sell, settle, or mortgage need not

in cases of £200...

"yes," 6 "no." register. On his death, however, his successor must register. It must 2. Are scale fees usually charged | Total number of replies, 19. 12 be admitted, therefore, that if compulsion is to be applied at all the

in cases of £100 and under......

yes," 7 "no.
Bill is as little objectionable as may be, but that does not make it
less true that if the system

In each class of case the "no" replies indicate that sometimes it is the benefit of landowners it would need no compulsion to secure its Societies have suggested that petitions against the Bill on some points

should prove to be really for found impossible to charge the scale fees. The Associated Provincial Law adoption. The Bill requires that on a sale the vendor shall be registered before transfer. This appears to your compittee to involve to the members at the general meeting for their consideration.

should be presented, and the suggested form of petition will be submitted unnecessary expense. Registration by the purchaser should be sufficient. The scheme of registration which will come into operation in any district

Conditions of Sale-Auction Fees.-In furtherance of the resolution of the for which a registry is established is a modification of the scheme of Lord last annual meeting the committee have issued the following circular Cairns' Act of 1875. Registration may be either with an absolute, a

letter to the members :qualified, or a possessory title. Registration with an absolute or a qualified

“November, 1886. title involves investigation of title, with its consequent expense; but it is

“Dear Sir, assumed (though on this, as on so many other points, much depends upon

“CONDITIONS OF SALE-AUCTION Fees. the rules which are to be made hereafter) that registration with a posses “The committee desire to bring under your notice the following sory title will only require evidence of possession, and therefore should resolution which was passed at the last annual general meeting of the involve only the minimum of expense. A novel feature of the Bill is the society proposal to convert a possessory or a qualified title into an absolute title "That this society recommends the discontinuance of the practice of after notice by advertisement in the month of November in five successive charging purchasers with auctioneers' fees at auction sales.' years. This appears to be in effect the enactment of a new period of “This resolution was adopted after full discussion and after the atten. limitation as to registered real property, confirming title with little or no tion of the members generally had been called to the subject in the investigation after five years' advertised possession, and it seems to the report of the committee issued prior to general meeting, in the following committee that, if the Statute of Limitations is to be thus varied, the terms :alteration should apply generally and not merely to registered land, and "The attention of the committee has again been called to the use of that the proposals of the Bill do not adequately guard against the risk of conditions of sale imposing on purchasers the payment of aucdefeating the rights of persons not in actual possession. A somewhat tioneers' fee, and they have given a promise to members of the similar machinery is prescribed by the Bill for conclusively declaring the society to refer to the subject in this report with a view to taking boundaries of registered land, but the committee incline to the opinion the sense of the general meeting upon it. that resort to this machinery would involve much risk of trouble and "It will be remembered that the society has distinctly discountenanced litigation, but stirring up disputes as to boundaries which would other. the use of conditions charging contract fees to purchasers, and that wise never arise, and they doubt if this part of the Bill is of any practical in the reports of the committee adopted in the years 1882 and 1883, value. The Bill proposes the establishment of an insurance fund for the resolutions of the Incorporated Law Society and of the practitioners indemnity of persons sustaining loss by being deprived of their rights at Gloucester and Bristol against charging purchasers with aucthrough the registration of some other person, or by reason of forgery, tioneers' fees were referred to with approval. It is believed that fraud, or error, and to create the fund (which is to be guaranteed by the the practice of charging contract fees is now generally abandoned, State) -an insurance fee of d. in the £ on the capital value of the land but some members of the society still charge auctioneers' fees to is to be paid on first registration with an absolute or qualified title, and purchasers, and it appears to the committee desirable that a distinct on the transfer of registered land, and on the creation, and on transfer, recommendation on the latter point should be given by the society of charges on registered land. It appears to the committee that there is for the guidance of its members.' no sufficient ground for imposing an insurance fee on owners who register “Under these circumstances the resolution may be taken to express the under compulsion, and, further, that the proposal of the Bill to indemnify considered opinion of the society, and the committee therefore venture to the

person who is deprived of his land by the registration of some other hope that it will be acted upon by all the members of the society, and person as owner is objectionable. The land should be restored to the true that they will use their iufluence with non-members to induce them to owner, and the person wrongfully registered, if actiog bond fide and for follow the same course, so that the practice of the profession may become value should be indemnified. The business of land regietry is to be uniform in this district, and at the same time be brought into harmony managed by a Land Transier Board, and it is a blot upon the Bill that with the practice in London and elsewhere.—Yours faithfully, it does not prescribe the qualification of the members of the board, or of

“E. W. COREN, Hon. Sec." the registrars and district registrars to be appointed. The committee trust that this will be amended, and that none but barristers or solicitors

The committee propose to revise in some few particulars the society's will be eligible. The Bull gives no indication as to the extent or number Common Form Conditions of Sale, and will issue the revised form as soon of district registries contemplated. If registration is to become general

as possible. throughout the country, it must in the opinion of the committee be by

Solicitors' Remuneration Act and Order. The committee regret to record means of district registries sufficiently numerous to be readily accessible that the tendency of the decisions of the courts upon the Act and Order to the public and to the legal practitioners in every district, though for is to cut down the remuneration of solicitors in such a way as to defeat

That object was to make the remuneration mission of copies of the entries in district registries to the prin- depend not upon the actual amount of work done in each case, but to cipal registry, as is done in the case of the probate registries. make the simple cases help to pay for the intricate ones, and to assess the The rules which are to be made for carrying the Act into effect are no remuneration on the ad valorem principle. In particular the provisions of less important than the Act itself, and the power to make such rules the order with reference to sales by auction are being so construed as to make ought not, it is submitted, to be vested as is proposed by the Bill in the it very difficult toobtain the scale charge for conducting auctions, and even to rules is that of fees and costs, and it is submitted that the rules relating preparing for and attending the auction. The alarm of the profession on

this point found expression in a resolution of a recent general meeting of directly represented. The Bill is suspiciously vague as to the intended the Incorporated Law Society, when a committee of that society was blatus of solicitors in regard to practice in the office of land registry, and appointed to consider the question and to report to the council upon it some of the statements Lor and others concerned in promoting the Bill have not been calculated the meantime, your committee have brought under the notice of the to allay suspicion on this head. The committee contend that the profes- Council of the Incorporated Law Society a case which has arisen in the zion will be acting strictly within their rights, and not less in the true practice of a member of this society, where the scale fee for conducting an interests of the public, by firmly adhering to the position taken by the auction sale was disallowed on taxation, and it is understood that this Lentatives of the profession throughout England and Wales at the recent It will thus be seen that the Council of the Incorporated Law Society is London meeting-namely, " that without limiting the right of any endeavouring to uphold the scale in the interest of the profession generally teward of legal business connected with land should, as heretofore, be in: should also endeavour to uphold it by their individual action. That will husband or wife will take a life interest. It also proposes to prohibit the heal estate devolve as personalty on intestacy, except that a surviving from it for good reasons in particular cases, and regarding it not merely

as a maximum scale, but as being, as in fact it is, the true measure of recreation of estates tail in future, and where an existing tenant in tail can:

muneration under ordinary circumstances as determined by a tribunal somebar it. These are proposals upon" which opinionis will probably to tors are represented. To disregard the scale generally tends to stultify the ecially affecting the profession; "but the committeeseen nocobjectionate system of remuneration for conveyancing business and make it more conSpecialistent differ, and they involve questions of public policy, not action of the tribunal and to defeat the efforts of years to improve the this part of the Bill, unless it be that the assimilation see the bjections to sonant with the requirements of a libera profession. realty and personalty is not made complete.

Incorporated Law Society.-Your committee cannot conclude this report Societies, your committee have taken steps to obtain information as to the ledgments to the London members of the Incorporated Law Society for

odit the instance of the committee of the Associated Provincial Law without recording on behalf of your society their most cordial acknowcharges usually made in this district for conveyancing business in cases their magnificent ho:pitality on the occasion of the recent London meeting of £100 aud under, and £200 respectively. The following are the re -a meeting which will be justly recognized as one of the most interesting sults of the inquiries made :

and successful of the entertainments of this Jubilee year.


It was


Mr. GEORGE BADEN-POWELL, M.P., read a paper on this subject. He THE LAW OF NATIONS.

said that by international law a nation is permitted, “ for the purposes of The thirteenth conference of this association was opened on Monday at its own security and welfare, to hold command of portions of the open sea the Guildhall, London, Mr. Justice Butt presiding.

which abut upon its coasts." It was difficult, however, to define the

limits of these waters. Such portions as harbours and waters above low PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS.

water mark were admittedly wholly within the lex loci ; and those on The PRESIDENT,


preliminary remarks, said: The board ships there are subject to the local laws and regulations as much as codification of the Law of Nations was, perhaps, a consummation if they were residing on the land. With reference to parts more seaward, which no one now living might hope to see; but if ever identical the question was more complicated. The "cannon-shot limit” was the views of what should be the practice of the different nations of popular rule. For all practical purposes this was the marine league of the earth in their dealings with each other were to be reached, three miles. It had been claimed in our Territorial Waters Jurisdiction it could only be by the removal or the lessening of the diverg. Act, and the United States had agreed to the claim, though other pations encies prevailing in their national laws and customs, and it was to that had not. For various objects other distances had been claimed as within and that their labours were directed. The most important of the topics the jurisdiction by different nations. Norway had specified in one case suggested for discussion were undoubtedly those which related to what four miles, England six miles under an Act of George IV., and again was called public international law, and the subject which he regarded as twelve mides under the “Hovering Acts." The United States in 1875 the most important of these topics suggested for the consideration of the claimed the same for revenue purposes, and even as far as the Gulf conference was the progress of international arbitration. It was im- Stream for the exclusion of belligerents. Spain had claimed a sixpossible to conceive any question of more universal interest, more closely mile belt round Cuba. Among instances of greater distances Great touching the bappiness of the human race, than that. On the solution of Britain had been granted by China jurisdiction over British subjects that depended the alternative of peace or war, as the inheritance of those on vessels up to 100 miles from the coast of China. The question of who came after them. The hope that in their day, or in that of the jurisdiction over bays had been much disputed. St. George's Channel children, or even that of their children's children, the peaceful settlement had been diplomatically acknowledged to be British territory, and the of all disputes between nations might supersede the arbitrament of war Bay of Newfoundland had been legislated for as if British territory. might well be regarded as beyond the pale of practical aspirations. The Generally speaking, however, the three-mile limit was generally acknow. goal might be distant, but he refused to believe that it was unattainable. ledged as the limit. Foreigners had a right of use over such waters, He believed that the vast proportions which the standing armies of the subject to definite limitations. Belligerent acts must not be carried on European States had assumed, adverse as they might at first sight appear there; piracy and smuggling could be stopped there, and quarantine to be to their peaceful aspirations, would before very long be found to regulations enforced. The one general rule was that the State had the make for rather than against them. The raising and maintaining of right to exercise any rights over these waters in defence of herself and her these large armaments in most countries of Europe was eating the heart own interests, or in maintaining the right of free passage to all others. out of the people. It was not merely the fiscal burden cast on the popula. There remained the question of reaping the harvest of the sea. tion for the clothing and maintenance of those masses of soldiery, but it commonly acknowledged that the fructus of the waters belonged to the was that every man under arms was an appreciable diminution of the country, but much difference of opivion existed as to how they were to be working power of the community-a unit withdrawn from the sum of protected in its enjoyment. Mr. Baden-Powell considered that the the product of that human industry whereby nations grew rich and defining of territorial waters and of the rights of natives and foreigners peoples prospered. While the armed force at the disposal of the Govern- in them should be settled by common agreement between nations. ments of Europe was never so large; while the engines of destruction The Hon. David Dudley FIELD, of New York, moved that a committee developed by the marvellous resources of science were never so formidable; of five members of this association be appointed by the chairman of on the other hand there never was a time when Sovereigns and rulers were this meeting, who shall have power to add to their number, to take into so anxious to appear, at least, to conform to the dictates of equity and consideration the valuable paper of Mr. G. Baden-Powell, and to frame of justice, as embodied in the works of great writers on international law. some general rules for the common regulation of the duties and privileges It was satisfactory to observe a growing tendency among nations to refer in territorial waters of adjacent States. matters in dispute between them to arbitration. Many international dis The resolution was adopted. putes had been settled by the peaceful means they advocated, and there was reason to hope that for the future it would be the custom in treaties UNDER WHAT CIRCUMSTANCES is IT JUSTIFIABLE TO DESTROY SHIPPING of peace, as it had been in treaties of commerce, to insert what was known

PROPERTY AT SEA ? as an arbitration clause. In any case by continuing to raise its voice Rear-Admiral Colomb rend a paper on this subject, in which he said: against the monstrous absurdity and wickedness of war and in favour of The question was how derelict ships found at sea ought to be dealt with, the more rational solution of international disputes, this association could and whether they might be intentionally sunk as dangerous to navigaticr. not fail to render valuable aid to the cause of humanity.

When the Admiralty received information of a derelict ship or wreckage INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS FOR THE NEUTRALIZATION OF TERRITORY

being in such waters as to be dangerous to shipping, their course was to AND THEIR APPLICATION TO THE SUEZ CANAL.

communicate to Lloyd's, and they then often sent a steamer to the spot, the

ctice being to salve if possible, and not to destroy and sink Sir TRAVERS Twiss, Q.C., read a paper on this subject, in which, after tħe derelict if there was a reasonable chance of its being saved.

No referring to the refusal of Austria and Russia to respect the neutrality special instructions were issued to the Royal Navy officers, and they acted proclaimed by Switzerland itself in 1813, as being a neutrality only to the best of their discretion. Each case was treated on its own merits ; nominal, and the forcible expression given to this refusal by the allied the first question being whether the derelict could be saved, the second Austrian and Russian armies marching through Switzerland, he said that whether it was a danger to navigation, and, next, whether, if so, it could at the Congress of Vienna in 1815 the plenipotentiaries of the five Great be destroyed. The Admiralty were, however, about to issue the followPowers themselves declared the “perpetual neutrality” of Switzerland. ing order :-"Should any of her Majesty's ships fall in with any, water. He then passed to the considerations which led to Belgium being also logged vessel abandoned at sea and constituting a danger to navigation, declered by the Great Powers to be a perpetually neutral State in 1831, the same should be examined, and unless it appears that the cargo iş and those which brought about a similar agreement with regard to composed of such large baulks of timber as to be of themselves a danger Luxemburg in 1867, and added : -" It is observable that in this treaty if released to float, or unless the position of the wreck is such as to make there is introduced a provision which has no place in the treaty guaran. it probable that she may be presently towed into port, every effort should teeing the neutrality of the Helvetic Confederation, nor in the treaty be made to sink or otherwise destroy her.” guaranteeing the neutrality of Belgium-namely, a provision whereby Professor BALDWIN (Newhaven, U.S.A.) proposed: “That the valuable the high contracting parties engaged themselves in express terms to paper of Admiral Colomb be referred to the coinmittee authorized by the respect the principle of neutrality stipulated in the treaty." He explained previous vote." the reasonableness of such a provision, inasmuch as by it Powers acquire Mr. GRIFFITH (London) seconded the motion. the right to demand from each other respect for the neutrality and the Mr. GLOVER moved as an amendment: "That the thanks of the conright to intervene to enforce their demands, although they are not bound ference be tendered to the Admiralty for the order they propose to issue to so intervene as they would be if they had expressly guaranteed the neutrality in a formal manner. Coming to the case of the Suez Canal, still furthered by the discretion of the naval Officers being less fettered,

in respect of the destruction of derelicts at sea, and the public interest be Sir T. Twies continued :-“I venture to think that it is not beyond hope as proposed in the order.” that the Powers whose representatives at Constantinople have regulated in conference the tolls to be levied on vessels passing through the Saez was first put and carried, and then 'Mr. Glover's resolution was also

Mr. Freeland having seconded this, Professor Baldwin's amendment Canal may come to an agreement to sign a declaratory act, engaging agreed to. themselves to respect at all times the neutrality of the waterway through the isthmus, which His Imperial Majesty the Padishah of the Ottomans, his strong opinion that private property at sea should be entirely exempt-d

At a subsequent period of the meeting the Hon. D. D. Field expressed a suzerain of the isthmus and of its waters, has declared to be always open from capture in war. to vessels of commerce as a neutral passage between the two seas. M. CLunet moved : -" That the conference expresses the desire that the that the officers of her Majesty's Navy would be in favour of the pro

Admiral Coloms considered that capture shortened war, but believed Government should as soon as possible resume the diplomatic negotiations posed abolition of capture. inaugurated at Paris in 1885, with the object of concluding a convention relative to the free use of the Suez Canal, and of completing this work of

A resolution was carried : “That it is the judgment of this association pacification and of universal interest."

that private property at sea should be as much exempted from capture as This resolution was seconded by Mr. HODGSON Pratt and carried.

private property on land."

After lunch the Hon. D. D. FIELD took the chair.
Sir TraveRS Twiss took the chair.

Mr. Richard read a paper on this subject, in which he said that it was

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an unquestionable fact that, numerous as wars had been within the last | Cooke, Robert John
century, the cases in which differences bad been adjusted by some form of Coombs, Herbert Francis Gilbert

Morant, Abdy Locke
reference or arbitration had been still more numerous. Adverting to the Cornick, Richard

Nesbitt, Robert Chancellor

Nicklin, Herbert John
recent cases of arbitration, he instanced the seizure of the Havana Packet Cosedge, Arthur
and the resulting dispute between Holland and San Domingo, the claim of Cure, Charles Laurence Capel

Orford, Edwin Arthur
German subjects to land in Fiji, the seizure of an American ship in Davies, Hugh Wallis

Parsons, Laurence
Manilla, the claim of England against Chili arising out of the Chili. Debenham, Alfred Edward

Philp, Frederick Robert Ellison

Platt, Arthur William
Peruvian war complications, the Penjdeh boundary dispute between Dickson, Campbell Cameron Forster Plummer, Lambert
Russia and England, and the Caroline Islands difference between Germany Drake, Herbert William
and Spain, all decided without war and by arbitration. There was a Drew, Francis Randolph

Pratt, Spencer Charles

Price, Charles William Mackay growing conviction in favour of international arbitration. At the Con- Druce, Harry Reid Seion

Prosser, George
ference of Berlin on the Congo, resort to arbitration in case of future dis- Eastwood, James Arthur
putes within those territories was formally agreed upon. A“ Treaty of Eckersley, Frank

Pughe, Kenneth Mackenzie
Arbitration” had been entered into between Colombia and Honduras, the Everington, William Arnold

Rhodes, Henry Hirst

Richards, Thomas James first expressly formed with the object of terminating every kind of future Farish, Arthur Farish

Rigby, George Henry
difference between two States. A Bill has also passed the Senate of the Flower, Llowarch Robert

Ritson, Frederick William
United States to create an International Supreme Court for the Americans. Flowers, Arthur

Robbs, Walter
He hoped to see that great State and Great Britain enter into a similar Foottit, Reginald William

Rollinson, Ernest Mark
treaty to that between Colombia and Honduras. This had been suggested, Franklin, William Vaughan Safford, George Herbert
and it would be a great triumph of civilization.

Gill, Charles Thomas

Scott, Harry Dixon
Mr. JUDGE H. Peabody moved: “That the association has heard with Gorringe, Charles Henry

Shapland, Frederick George much satisfaction the paper of Mr. Richard on the progress of international Greenhut, Victor

arbitration, and reiterates its declarations of former years in favour of the Guilford, Reginald Herbert
substitution of arbitration for war in international disputes."

Simon, Frank
Hammond, John

Simpson, Charles Lionel
Professor LEONE LEVI seconded the resolution.

Harding, Reginald Tuffley

Smart, Francis William Boiton The ATTORNEY-GENERAL said that the practical carrying out of the Harris, John

Stebbing, Guy Lancelot theoretic views agreed upon was the difficult part of the question. A Harrison, Ernest William

Stern, Frederick Augustus Simpson board of arbitration ad hoc was easy enough to agree upon, but the Hastings, Henry Horace

Stokes, Thomas Adrian Owen difficulty was the appointment of such an authority for future disputes. Hatton, Arthur Gerald

Tayler, Walter Henry
Fishery and boundary questions and disputes arising out of breach of Heyward, Percy

Taylor, Montague Wakefield treaty were the three chief branches under which differences would arise. Heelis, George Herbert

Tempest, Walter
Arbitration clauses for the settlement of such questions could be introduced Hellard, Charles Stuart

Thomas, Frank Roberts
into most treaties. He asked the conference to work steadily to get that Higginbothan, Thomas Edward Thompson, Basil Lleolyn
principle recognized by the insertion of the clause to govern all matters Hogan, George William

Thornton, Edward Reginald at least arising between any section of one nation against any section of Horton, Thomas

Trubshaw, Wilfred another. The principle enunciated in the resolution commended itself to Hughes, Richard James

Tunnicliffe, Arthur Edgar everyone.

Ireland, Frank Herbert

Tuppen, Claud Ernest
After some discussion the motion was carried unanimously.

Jones, Harold Vivian

Wallace, Frank
Jones, James Stephens Tudor Cynfab Wallace, James
Jones, John

Walton, Charles Henry

Jones, John Herbert

Watts, William Anderton
A meeting of this society was held on the 23rd inst, in the old hall of Jones, Timothy

Weatherdon, George Edwin Robert
Lincoln's- inn for the purpose of receiving the report of the provisional Knight, Fritz Chester

Webb, William Howard committee appointed in January last and of electing a council and other Lewis, Ilbert Cornish Bassett Webster, Francis Anderton officers and of settling the rules of the society.

Lewis, Walter Stanley

Wild, Alfred
In the absence of the Lord Chief Justice, president of the society, the Lush, William

Willan, Simon Hunter
chair was taken by Lord Justice LINDLEY, who briefly introduced the Lydali, Francis

Williams, Ernest Trevor Adams business of the meeting, which was mainly of a routine character.

Lydall, Herbert Wykeham

Withers, Thomas
It was arranged that the council of the society should consist of the Mace, Albert Ernest

Wood, James Fawcett
Lord Chancellor, the Lord Chief Justice, the Master of the Rolls, the Pre- Mackie, Edward Dacre

Woodhouse, Joe

Wrack, William Pope
General, the Solicitor-General, the treasurers of the Lincolu's and Gray's Money, Charles Frances Lethbridge
Inns and of the Middle and Inner Temple, the Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court of the United States, and the president of the Incor-
porated Law Society of the United Kingdom, as ex officio members,
together with the Minister of the United States, Lord Derby, the Bishop
of Chester, Lord Herschell, Lord Thring, Lord Aberdare, Lords Justices

Cotton, Lindley, and Bowen, eight other judges, Mr. Justice Gray, of the
United States, and about eighty other leading lawyers in England and
also in America.

The provisional committee announced the early publication, under the died on the 25th inst., in his seventy-second year. Mr. Lefroy was the

Mr. Thomas EDWARD Preston LEFROY, late judge of county courts, society's auspices, of a volume of 13th-century pleas of the Crown, from third son of Mr. Antony Lefroy, of Falford, Yorkshire, and was born in the Eyre Rolls preserved in the Public Record office, to be edited by Mr. 1815. He was called to the bar at the Middle Temple in Trinity Term, E. W. Maitland, University Reader in English Law at Cambridge, with 1844, and he formerly practised on the Northern Circuit. In 1868 he was pohrevent considerable light on the history of the petes jury, a subject wait appointed by Lord Cairns judge of county courts for Circuit No. 65 present most obscure. It is proposed next in order to print auseries of comprising a large portion of Dorsetshire and Somersetshire). He held

Mr. Lefroy was records of real actions and of cases illustrating villein status and villien married in 1846 to the eldest daughter of the Rev. Benjamin Lefroy, but tenure, but how soon these may appear will depend on the number of he became a widower in 1855. His second son, Mr. William Chambers subscribing members who may join the society.

Lefroy, was called to the bar at Lincoln's-inn in January, 1876, and is an
Assistant Charity Commissioner.

Mr. JAMES FLEMING, Q.C., Chancellor of the County Palatine of Durham,

died at 12, Dorset-square on the 23rd inst., aged eighty. Mr. Flemivg LAW STUDENTS' JOURNAL.

was the eldest son of Captain Valentine Fleming, and was born in 1807.

He was called to the bar at the Middle Temple in Trinity Term, 1836, INCORPORATED LAW SOCIETY.

and he practised for many years in the Court of Chancery. He became a PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION.

Queen's Counsel in 1858, and after that date he, for the most part, The following candidates (whose names are in alphabetical order) were 1865 he was appointed Chief Commissioner of the West Indies Encumbered

restricted his practice to peerage cases before the House of Lords. In Successful at the preliminary examination held on the 6th and 7th days of Estates Court.''In 1871 Mr. Fleming was appointed Temporal Chancellor July, 1887:

of the County Palatine of Durham, and he held that office till his death, Adams, Hugh Worthington

Mr. Andrews, George Wilton Bootiman, Albert Victor

having held a chancery sitting only three weeks previously, Anthony, James Emerson Borissow, Clement Louis

Fleming was married in 1841 to the second daughter of Major John Banks, Edward Ernest Delamark Brennan, Robert John Lewis

Canning, and he became a widower in 1866. His eldest son, Mr. Francis Bennett, Thomas Welbank Millard Carrick, Ernest Bristow, Arthur George

Fleming, was called to the bar at the Middle Temple in Michaelmas

Term, 1866, and is now colonial secretary for Natal. His second son, Mr. Blagg, Walter Edward Carter, Robert

Baldwyn Fleming, was called to the bar at the Middle Temple in Trinity
Bolton, Maurice Egerton Augustus Clutterbuck, Henry Baldwin
Clark, Edwin Ebenezer

Term, 1867, and is a Local Government Board inspector.
Bond, Walter William
Cobbett, Walter Palmer

Boot, Thomas

Colegrave, Hubert
Cooke, Arthur Bishop

Mr. SYDNEY TWENTYMAN Jones, puisne judge of the High Court of

Blagden, George Rupert

Boorne, Herbert Huntley

Justice of Griqualand West, has been appointed a Puispe Judge of the Mr. Commissioner Kerr, refreshed by the recent observations of the Supreme Court of the Cape Colony. Mr. Justice Jones is the second son Court of Appeal, has recommenced his crusade against solicitors. It is of Mr. John Jones, of Cape Town, and was born in 1849. He was edu stated that he had recently before him a case in which the defendant was cated at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, where he graduated in the second class alleged to be the junior partner in a firm of solicitors which was engaged of the Law Tripos in 1871, and he was called to the bar at the Middle in five actions in the High Court, two in the Divorce Court, and two in the Temple in Michaelmas Term in 1873, He was appointed a puisne judge Lord Mayor's Court. His Honour : All these may be speculative actions. of the High Court of Griqualand West in 1882.

Mr. Dobson : Well, if a debtor enters into speculative actions he surely Mr. Charles Frederick Gill, barrister, junior counsel to the Post prison all solicitors who enter into such actions to make money. ...

ought to be pulled up. His Honour : I wish I could punish and send to

My Office at the Central Criminal Court, has in succession to Mr. Ernest Baggallay, who has been appointed stipendiary experience is that costs are usually piled up. There are men of the magistrate for the borough of West Ham. Mr. Gill is the eldest son of highest character in the profession, but there are also black sheep. Mr. Charles Gill and was born in 1851. He was called to the bar at the

The following is the text of Attorney-General Garland's opinion with Middle Temple in Easter Term, 1874. He is a member of the South regard to the Act recently passed restricting the ownership of real estate Eastern Circuit.

in United States territories to American citizens :-Firstly, as mines are Mr. WILLIAM HENRY SOLOMON, barrister, has been appointed Puisne real estate, or inheritable interests in real estate, the Act does apply to Judge of the High Court of Justice of Griqualand West, in succession to them; secondly, as stock in a corporation is personalty, an alien can law. Mr. Justice Jones, who has been appointed a judge of the Supreme Court fully have, own, and hold shares or stock issued by an American corpora. of the Cape Colony. Mr. Justice Solomon is the fourth son of the Rev. tion, which is now the owner of mineral lavds in territories, but if the Edward Solomon, and was born in 1853. He was educated at St. Peter,s holding by aliens exceeds twenty per cent., such corporation can neither College, Cambridge, and he was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in hold, own, nor hereafter acquire real estate while more than twenty per November, 1877.

cent. of its stock is held and owned by aliens ; thirdly, under the Act

the advancement of money hereafter by aliens for the purpose of developMr. WILLIAM MULLER, solicitor, of Shepton Mallet and Bruton, has been appointed Clerk to the Shepton Mallet Highway Board, on the ing mining property is lawful, but no interest in real estate can be resignation of his partner, Mr. Henry Dyne. Mr. Muller is coroner for acquired by such advancement, nor would an alien have the right to pur. the South-Eastern Division of Somersetshire. He was admitted a solicitor of the Act, even'il sold on his own security or lien ; fourthly, aliens may

chase real estate, or any interest therein, on a loan made since the passage in 1876.

lawfully contract with American owners to work mines by personal colMr. Lister Maurice Drummond has been appointed a Revising tracts for hire, or by bond fide leases, for a reasonable time.” Barrister for the county of Surrey, in succession to Mr. Samuel Lilley, deceased. Mr. Drummond is the only son of Mr. Maurice Drummond,

The Government Bill for a reduction of the number of judges in Ireland of Hampstead, and was born in 1856. He was called to the bar at the proposes that on the first vacancy in the office of judge of the Courts of Inner Temple in June, 1879, and ho practises on the South Eastern Probate and for Matrimonial Causes the post is not to be filled up, but the Circuit and at the Surrey Sessions.

Probate and Matrimonial Division is to be united to the Queen's Bench Mr. John Cross Eccles, solicitor (of the firm of Ansdell & Eccles), of the latter division to hear all probate, &c., matters other than trials. It

The Lord Lieutenant will then appoint one of the judges of 23, Market-street, St. Helens, has been appointed a Commissioner to

is also provided that when first a vacancy occurs in the office of the administer Oaths. Mr. Eccles was admitted a solicitor in 1881.

Judicial Commissioner of the Land Commission it is not to be filled up Mr. Thomas Bates, solicitor, of Sudbury, has been elected Coroner for until a commiseion has been issued by her Majesty to ascertain and report that borough. Mr. Bates was admitted a solicitor in 1879.

whether the duties of the Judicial Commissioner can be

equately dis. charged by the High Court. No appointment is to be made until after

forty days from the date of the report or, if Parliament is not then sitting, GENERAL,

from the beginning of the following session If the vacancy is not filled

up On the 26th inst., in the House of Commons, a petition was presented by Commission is to be transferred to the High Court.

the jurisdiction vested in the Judicial Commission of the Irish Land

A further provision Sir R. Paget from the Somersetshire Law Society for amendment of the is that no successor is to be appointed to either of the existing judges of Land Transfer Bill.

the Court of Bankruptcy; and ultimately bankruptcy matters will be A dinner was given last week at Willis's Rooms, by the members of the assigued to one of the judges of the High Court. Parliamentary Bar, to the two senior members, Mr. Hunter Rodwell, Q.C., and Mr. John Clerk, Q.C., upon their withdrawal from the active duties Criminal Court it appeared that the deceased woman had jumped out of

In a case tried before Mr. Justice Stephen on the 27th inst. at the Central of their profession in the Committee-rooms at Westminster.

a window and been thereby killed, and it was alleged by the prosecution A fire broke out at No. 1, New-square, Lincoln's-inn, on Saturday night that she did this in consequence of the behaviour of the prisoner leading Jast, and great damage was caused to briefs and papers not only by the fire her to suppose that he was going to beat her, and to escape his violence, but also by the water used in extinguishing it. It will be remembered and that the prisoner, in the circumstances, was guilty of manslaughter. that No. 2, New-square was many years ago destroyed by fire.

Mr. Justice Stephen, in summing up, said that the point the jury had to A correspondent of the Standard gives a list of farms in one district in consider was whether they felt certain beyond all reasonable doubt that the county of Essex, shewing 3,527 acres to be out of cultivation, and

the prisoner applied to this woman either actual violence, or threats of 17,945 acres to be in the hands of landlords who were unable to find violence, the violence being so severe and the threats of violence being of tenants for the same.

such a desperate character that it became a natural thing—a natural and Mr. J. H. Gresham, chief clerk at the Mansion-house Justice Room, has woman should avoid further mischief by jumping out of the window. If

ordinary consequence of those threats and of that violence that the had four months' leave of absence grauted in consequence of illness; they believed that that did take place that the woman, by violence of and Mr. Savill, the assistant clerk, with the aid of Mr. Douglas, the chief clerk at the Guildball Justice Room, has been requested to discharge was forced, as her only resource, to jump out of the window in the hope

some very severe character, or by threats of some very desperate injury, Mr. Gresham's duties in his absence.

that she night escape by so doing, and with the feeling that she had no At the Malling Petty Sessions on the 25th inst. a man was convicted of other way to escape, then they ought to convict the prisoner of man. drunkenness and ordered to pay the costs. The bench also bound him slaughter at least. His lordship cited the case of Reg. V. Pitts (1 Carr. over in his own recognizances of £10 for six months to come up for judg. & Marsh., 284). If they were not satisfied on those points, or if they ment when called upon. If he got drunk again in this six months he thought the woman committed suicide, then they must acquit the prisoner. would forfeit the bond and have to pay the fine. The chairman told him The jury returned a verdict of not guilty. the bench did this with a view of keeping him sober.

In the House of Lords on the 21st inst. the Earl of Selborne asked the At a meeting of the Court of Common Council last week a motion was Lord Chancellor whether any steps were likely soon to be taken to carry carried “that it be referred to the Law and City Court Committee to

into effect the recommendations of the committee lately presided over by inquire and report whether the judge of the City of London Court (Mr. the Master of the Rolls as to the business of the Chancery Division of the Commissioner Kerr) had power to direct that there should be no sittings High Court of Justice. He said that the committee, which consisted of of that court between the 12th of August and the 24th of October next, the Master of the Rolls, Mr. Justice Kay, the late Mr. Justice Pearson, with power to confer with the law officers thereon."

Mr. Justice Stirling, Sir Horace Davey, and four other gentlemen, made In a recent case before the Divorce Court it appeared that the careful opinion, the conclusion they came to was that it was clear that the actupe

their report on August 7, 1885, and though there were some differences of respondelt bad obtained the execution of a deed by the co-respondent, number of judges attached to the Chancery Division was unequal to cope had given birth were his, and bound himself under a penalty of £500 not Chancery Division should be reinforced by an additional judge. He found to marry anyone but the respondent until a period of seven years had expired, in order that there might be no obstacle to his marrying her 1884, was 842; on the 23rd of May, 1885, 667; at the beginning of the should she be placed in a position to marry him. At a recent meeting of the Yorkshire justices a letter was read from the the 20th of July, 1887, the number was 826.

present Trinity Sittings 786 (over 100 more than in May, 1885); and on Hon. A. Duncombe, in which he said that he had gathered from the Lord lordships would

He thought their Chancellor's secretary "that he disapproves of the grouping system of

be of' opinion that under the circumstances it counties, and he places Yorkshire in that category. Being composed of thing that could be done to accelerate the despatch of busi

desirable that steps should at once be taken to do any. the three Ridings, his idea is that all assize business for the North and East Ridings should take place at York, and that three assizes should be feel that much depended on the appointment of an additional judger

The Lord Chancellor said

impossible beld there annually ; that all West Riding business should be transacted and he quite agreed that it was absolutely essential, in order to clear off at Leeds, where there would be four assizes held.”

the arrears, that additional assistance should be given. Much injury and





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additional cost was caused to suitors by the present state of things. The CARR, John, Cookridge, York, Farmer. Aug 31. Craver, Horsforth
difficulty of dealing with this matter was the state of business in the CLIFFORD, HENRY WILLIAM, Jermyn st, Esq. Aug 19. Harting & Co, Lincoln's
other House. There was a power to appoint an additional judge under the inn fields
18th section of the Appellate Jurisdiction Act by an address of both

COHEN, LIONEL LOUIS, Hyde Park terrace, Esq. Sept 2. Emanuel & Simmonds,

Finsbury circus Houses, and he was prepared to move their lordship's House in the CROSFIELD, GEORGE, Lancaster gate, Esq. Aug 31. Murray & Co, Birchin lane matter. After communication with the First Lord of the Treasury it was

DAWES, RICHARD, Birmingham, Wholesale Grocer. Aug 2. Jaques & Son, Birimpossible to say whether time could be found in the other House for a mingham motion upon the subject. Although it was a very urgent matter there were Downs WILLIAM, South Skirlaugh, York, Market Gardener. Aug 8. Park & other even more urgent questions, and in the present state of business his

Son, Hull

FELLOWES, GEORGE PLAYER BUTLER, Sonadah, Bengal, India, Tea Planter. Aug 30.
right hon. friend informed bim that it was impossible to name a day for Davidson Co, Spring gardens
making such a motion, though the opportunity might occur before the FINNES, WILLIAM JAMES, Gillingham, Kent, Contractor. Aug 3. Greathead,
session came to an end. Lord Herschell thought that those who were Rochester
averse to making this change were not sufficiently alive to the frightful HARRIS, MARIA, Highworth. Aug 26. Kinneir & Tumbs, Swindon
injury which the present state of affairs was inflicting on suitors.

HILL, CAROLINE, Bristol, Aug 20. Jacques & Co, Bristol
HUGHES, JOHN, Landore, nr Swansea. Aug 20. Jones & Monger, Swansea
JACKSON, JOHN, Preston, Shipowner. Aug 28. . Johnson, Wigan
JENKINS, WILLIAM, Ouchan, Isle of Man. Aug 1. Grundy & Co, Manchester

LISTER, ANN MARSH, Dalston. Aug 15. Van Sandau & Co, King st

PRESTON, WILLIAM, Heckmondwike, York, Butcher. Aug 16. Deane & Son,


REINAGLE, CAROLINE ANNETTA, Horsham. Aug 10. Medwin & Co, Horsham

SAVAGE, ELIZA, Wolverhampton. Sept 19. Colebourn, Wolverhampton

SAVAGE, THOMAS, Wolverhampton, Innkeeper, Coal Dealer. Sept 19. Colebourn,

No. 1.
No. 2.


CHITTY. SIMPSON, THOMAS, Scotswcod upon Tyne, Northumberland. Aug 20. Harling,
Mon., Aug. 1 Mr. Godirey Mr. Leach Mr. Pemberton Mr. Ward



SINGTON, ADOLPHUS, Manchester, Merchant. Sept 22. Seddon & Co, Manchester Wednesday 3 King


Pemberton Ward
Thursday .. 4 Ward


SORESBY, JEANNETTE, Shardlow, Derby, Sept 19. Woolleys & Co, Loughborough

5 Clowes


STOREY. JOHN, Kihikihi, Auckland, New Zealand. Aug 25. Mason & Thompson,
Saturday... 6 Pemberton Godfrey


Mr. Justice Mr. Justice Mr. Justice

WILKINSON, WILLIAM, Chester, Innkeeper. Sept 1. Stringer, Sandbach

Monday, August ..... 1 Mr. Carrington Mr. Beal

Mr. Jackson


Carrington Beal



Carrington Beal

Jackson or renting a house have the Sanitary arrangements thoroughly examined by an Saturday



expert from The Sanitary Engineering & Ventilation Co., 116, Victoria-st., Westmirster (Estab. 1875), who also undertake the Ventilation of Offices, &c.-(ADVT.)

STAMMERERS and STUTTERERS should read a little book by Mr. B.
BEASLEY, Baron's Court House, West Kensington, London, price 13 stamps. The
Author, after suffering nearly 40 years, cured himself by a method entirely

his own.-[ADVT.)
London Gazette.-FRIDAY, July 22.


London Gazette.-FRIDAY, July 22.
sented July 21, directed to be heard before North, J., on July 30. Smith & Son,
Gresham House, solors for petner

RECEIVING ORDERS. PUNJAUB AND CASHMERE CARPET CO, LIMITED.-Chitty, J., has, by an order BEVINGTON, EDWIN, Leigh, Lancs, Provision Dealer. Bolton. Pet July 20. Ord dated June 2, appointed Arthur Cooper, 14, George st, 'Mension House, to be offic'al liquidator

July 20 SUN PORTLAND CHMENT CO, LIMITED.-Petn for winding up, presented July 21,

BLAMIRES, JOSHUA, Staincliffe, nr Batley, Yorks, Rag Merchant. Dewsbury. directed to be heard before Stirling, J.. on July 30. johoston & Co, Raymond

Pet July 18. Ord July 18 bldgs, Gray's inn, agents for Winder, Bolton, solors for petner

BROWN, DAVID, Walthanistow, Essex, Egg Merchant. High Court. Pet July

18. Ord July 18 W. CHAPPELL & Co, LIMITED.-Creditors are required, on or before July, 27, to send their names and addresses, and the particulars of their debts or claims, to

BUTTERFIELD, ELIJAH TATHAM, Nelson, Lancs, Builder. Burnley. Pet Ju'y 19. William Thomas Ogden,

Ord July 19
Austin Friars. Wedoesday, Aug 3 at 12, is ap CLARKE, RICHARD THOMAS, Miltor next Gravesend, Chemist. Rochester. Pet
pointed for hearing and adjudicatiog upon the debts and clains

July 19 Ord July 19
COMMERCIAL BANK OF LONDON.-Petn for winding up, presented July 21, directed

COLBOURN, WILLIAM OSMOND, Upton pk, Essex, Publican. High Court. Pet

June 17. Ord July 19 to be heard before Stirling, J., on July 30. Bristow, Johu st, Adelphi, solors COOPER, WATSON, Stockton on Tees, Draper. Stockton on Tees and Middles.

borough. Pet July 18. Ord July 18 COUNTY PALATINE OF LANCASTER.

COPEMAN, WALTER, Lowestoft, Butcher. Gt Yarmouth. Pet July 19. Ord

July 19
DU BEDAD ADAMS & CO, LIMITED.-The Vice-Chancellor has fixed Wednesday,
July 27 at 11, at 9, Cook st, Liverpool, for the appointment of an official liqui-

COSSEY, G, Manderville st, Clapton pk, Builder. High Court. Pet June 10. Ord

July 18

COTTON, WILLIAM. Stoke Newington rd, Tny Warehouseman. Elmon!on. Pet
London Gazette.-TUESDAY, July 26.

July 18. Ord July 18

CULLIMORE, LEONARD, Birmingham, Fruiterer. Birmingham. Pet July 20.

Ord July 20 BIRMINGHAM CAB CO, LIMITED.-North, J., has, by an order dated July, 6. ap

DAVIDSON, WILLIAM, Portland pl. High Court. Pet July 2. Ord July 19 mainted Walter Newton Fisher, Waterloo st, Birmingham, to be official liqui- DAVIES, Isaac, Llanfihangel Genewrglyn, Cardigan, Farmer. Aberystwith.

Pet July 19. Ord July 19 COMMERCIAL UNION TRUST CO, LIMITED.-By an order made by Stirling, J., DAVIES, MARY, Llansamlet, Glamorgan, Grocer. Neath. Pet July 18. Ord dated July 16, it was ordered that the company be wound up. Beall & Co, Júly 18

DAVIES, WILLIAM, Ferryside, Carmarthen, Draper. Carmarthen. Pet July 18. HENDRA ESTATE AND BUILDING MATERIALS CO, LIMITED.-North, J., has, by an Ord July 18 order dated July 7, appointed Frederic George Painter, 2, Moorgate st bldgs. DOBNEY, JOHN THREADGOLD, Pembroke st, Caledonian rd, Grocer. High Court. to be official liquidator

Pet July 19. Ord July 19

DOMSALLA, AMANDUS ADOLPHE, Motley st, Curtain rd, Shoreditch, Cabinet STAR OF HINDLEY LODGE OF INDEPENDENT ODD FEMALES, Swan Inn, Hindley, Manufacturer. High Court. Pet July 20. Ord July 20

FIELD, FREVERICK, Evesham, Worcester, Gardener. Worcester. Pet July 19.
Ord July 19

GRAVIL, KITCHINGMAN, Sandal, nr Wakefield, Insurance Agent.

Pet July 16. Ord July 16
GREEN, ELIAS, Stalbridge, Dorset, Pianoforte Dealer. Salisbury. Pet July 18.

Ord July 18

HARRISON, BENJAMIN, Huddersfield, Contractor. Huddersfield. Pet July 16.

Ord July 16

HAWS, CHARLES HENRY, Witcbam, Cambridge, Brick Maker. Cambridge. Pet

July 18. Ord July 18
London Gazette.- TUESDAY, July 26.
Davis, WILLIAM LEAK, Wells st, Oxford st, Lamp Manufacturer. Sept 30.

HAZELL, JOHN JAMES, Farnham, Draper. Guildford and Godalming. Pet July

Ord July 18 BUSHBY, THOMAS, Grantham, Stationer. March 14. Johnston v Bushby, Stir

HENDERSON, THOMAS, Gosforth, Northumberland, Grocer. Newcastle on Tyne.

Pet July 18. Ord July 18 ling, J. White, Grantham

HOLDSWORTH, JOHN, Gomersal, Yorks, Flannel Manufacturer. Dewsbury. Pet

July 19. Ord July 19
UNDER 22 & 23 VICT. CAP. 35.

JONES, JOHN MORRIS, Barmouth, Merioneth, no occupation. Aberyst with. Pet

July 19. Ord July 19

JUBB, JOHN HENRY, Sheffield, Auctioneer. Sheffield. Pet July 16. Ord July 16
London Gazette.-FRIDAY, July 22.

JUDD, W B, Newgate st, Post Office Clerk. High Court, Ord July 19 BATTERSBY, HANNAH STELLING, Liverpool. Sept 1. Norris & Sons, Liverpool KEYWOOD, FREDERICK, Nottingham, Hosiery Manufacturer. Nottingham. Pet BREWIN, JOSHUA, Leicester, Grocer. Sept 10. Smith & Mammatt, Ashby de la

July 15. Ord July 19 BROWN, MARY ANN, Aldershot, Sept 24. Foster, Aldershot

KNIGHT, EDMUND, Stoke Prior, nr Bromsgrove, Farmer. Woreester. Pet July

18. Ord July 18

for petner


Lancaster, July 22


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