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Anti-Dyspsptic Cocoa or Chocolate Powder. Gllsrlnloed Pure Soluble Cocoa of the Finest Quality, with the excess of fut extracted.
The I-‘acult pronounce it “the most nutritious, perfectly digestllyls beverage for Breakfast, Luncheon, or Supper, and invaluable I l‘ ' "
or nvn ids and Children. _Highly commended by the entire Medical Press.
Being without sugar, Sp ca, or other admixture, it suits l_"Pl'-R68. keeps for years in nll climates, and is four lunestlss strength ct‘ cocoas rnicuinin yet wsuzinmn With starch, 0.0., I-D11 Ill’ izsstirr onrsrau than such Mixtures.
Made instantaneously with boiling water, a telspoonlul
richer chocolate is prohibited.
To Her Mejestg the Lord Chancellor the Whole 0!
Law Wigs and Gowns for Registrars, Town Clerks,
coiiruiminn noses. umvziism AND Cllllfll auwus
$OLICITORS’ BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION.
For the Relief of Poor and 1Vaasss1'z‘aua Solicitors and Proetors in England and Wblas, and their Wives,
Loud The FIFTY-EIGHTH Hstr-rusutr GENERAL Men-riso of the Members of this Association will be held at the Lsw INSTITUTION, Chancery-lane,
gener<;§l,b011_ Wednesday, April 20th, to receive the Board's Report and Statement of Accounts to December 31st, 1886, and for the transaction of other usiness.
mlghgggggtion of Solicitors, Executors, Trustees,
1' th ! cy of their sales
Sales of Furniture held nt_E_~ivate houses.
Valuations for Probate or mister. Terms on ap-
Mewrfl. Johnson 8: Dfmond beg to notify that
HODGKINSON a co.’s HAND-MADE BRIEF, FOCLSCAP, and other PAPERS.
THE HOST S UI TABLE FOR SOLI OI T0128,
The only Law Insurance Oflioe in the United Kingdom which transects both Fire and Life Insurance Business.
CHIEF OFFICE-126, CHANCERY LANE. LONDON.
By express provisim in the Company’; Deed of Settlement, and by the Conditions of the Policies of the Company, the Capital and Funds of each Department are and always have been kept distinct, and under no circumstances can the Capital or Funds of one Department be applied to the payment of Losses or Expenses incurred in the other Department.
Extract from the Report of the Directors for the year ended 30th November, 1888 :
In the Fire Department new Insurances were effected for an aggregate amount of £6,994,418, yielding in new Premiums the sum of £10 618 12s. ld.
,In the Life Department during the same period 252 Policies were effected, insuring £236,245, the new Premiums received thereon amounting to £B,08519s., of which £1,298 16a. was paid away for re-assurance. Seventeen Proposals for insuring £21,150 were declined, and -i6 Proposals tor insuring £73,l80 were uncompleted in the year.
Nine Lite Annuities for £679 2s. 10d. were granted, the purchase-money for which was £5,742 ‘ls. 8d. Sixteen Annuities for £999 10s. 6d. became void during the year by death.
The Claims under Life and Endowment Policies amounted to £46,519 3s. 0d., which amount, although in excess oi the Claims for the year 1885, is below the expectation.
i'l'h; tote}: amount of losses by fire, paid and outstanding on 30th November, was £21,615 15s., being about 45 per cant. of the net Premiums 1ec= ve in t o year.
The average rate of Interest realized on the assets of the Company (whether productive or unproductive) was £4 11s. 2d. per cent.
Liberal Settlement of Losses. Moderate Bates of Premium. Profits divided every five years in the Life Department.
Policies of Insurance granted against the contingency 01 Issue at moderate rates of Premium.
(Helms under Life Policies payable immediately on proof oi death and title.
Loms are granted on Mortnane of Lite Interests, Reversions, Leasehold Houses, dc. Reversionspurchssed.
Prospectuses and every information may be obtained from
FRANK McGEDY Actuary and Secretary.
NORTHERN ASSURANCE COMPANY
Firs Premiums ... ... ... ... 2577.000
Life Premiums 1s1.ooo
Interest... 132,000 4‘
Adams v.Bat1ey ............... .. 487
Board of Trade, Ex parte, In re
no ‘ Jn the Weekly Reporter. (
C F g 8 C0
B1111“ Rah“? U°- (N°-2) ------ -- 447 multifarious duties assigned to them as registrars, chief clerks, Gould .... .. .. ,. 458 and taxing masters. If the judge is to take the interlocutory gt: work in London, it would appear more convenient that he should
a distance. Again, if the record of the whole of the proceedings
n each case is to be preserved in one place, that one place should
Th6 Solicitors’ Journal and RepOrter_ be the place of trial, seeing that it is often necessary at a trial to
refertoauthenticnotesofinterlocntoryproccedings. Manyothcrminor LONDON, APRIL ,3, [$37, points of procedure are likely to crop up from time to time, which __ will require a small code of rules or regulations to settle. We
CURRENT TOPICS. pgiserve, by the way, with much pleasure, from Mr. Justice
_ In THE COURSE of the hearing of a motion on Tuesday, Mr. Jus- formation of letters. In Robson v. Robson (2 Addam’s Rep. 79) Sir tice Noam asked for a copy of the notice of motion, and said that he Joan N ICHOIAL remarked that the evidence afforded by handwriting Wllllid that solicitors would always furnish a copy of such a notice was very inconclusive “from the dissimilarity which is often
for the use of the court. Mr. COOKSON, Q.C., who was engaged in d
iscernible in the handwriting of the same person under different
the_case, explained that he understood it to be the practice of the circumstances." Few persons, he said, wrote so uniformly that taxing master to disallow on taxation the costs of a copy of a dissimilar formations of particular letters were grounds for concludn
notice of _motion supplied for the use of the judge. Mr. Justice i
g them not to have been made by the same person. And in a
NORTH said that in his opinion those costs ought to be allowed. subsequent case (Constable v. Steibel, 1 Hagg. Eccl. Rep. 61) the lfa_notice of motion was at all complicated it was essential that same judge took occasion to point. out that dissimilarity in the the Jhdge should have a copy of it before him, and it was very handwriting of the same person may be occasioned by a variety of ciriricouvenient that he should have to borrow the copy supplied to cumstances—the health and spirits of the writer, his writing mite°°“h"°1- rials, his position, and his hurry or care. It is true that in recent
L times more weight has been attached to the evidence afl’°!‘ded by
_Wi,1, eivs elsewhere the amended “rules, orders, and instruc- ii
comparison of handwriting, and in the Lona! P@era_qe_caec, in 885, the learned law lords carefully scrutinized two signatures
hieli framed for the ur ose of 'vin effect to the decision in In
_ P P gl g
separated in date by over fifty years, and the conclusion thit they ould not be the signatures of the same person exercised a 00l15l(l6l‘ble influence on their decision. But the conclusion as to tha
muted of a will whereby a married woman disposes of her gandwriting does not appear to have tamed on any special fo,-mu.
jiphmlge Pmlferty in the ordinary form, and without the words of t
ion of letters or other eccentricities, but upon the genei-cl haracter of the handwriting. The one signature was the “ bo.d,
well-written signature of an educated man,” the other was that of a
bag he Registries)’ w,hi"h_ pmvided that’ “in granting Pm‘ boor. The fact is that small peculiarities in handwriting are very
ad °_°_f B uisnied womans will made by virtue of a power, or
rs Phrports to have been made must be specified in the
“Y eX06pl‘.10I1 or limitation.
apt to be dropped. It may perhaps be remembered that a remarkable instance of this came to light in the Tick-borne case. In the _admittedly genuine letters of the real ROGER Ticirnoaxn the following peculiarity was observable. From a very early p9l‘l0(l”11p to the year 1851 there was always a dot ove_r the letter “y Whenever it occurred at the end of a word, but in his letters after the year 1s5l this eccentric practice was altogether abandoned. Tricks of handwriting may be of some importance in the comparison of letters written about the same time, but they are of no value 111 the comparison of handwriting written at dates severed by all intervul of years.
~~ AN INTERESTING ACCOUNT is given in the current number 03 the
to thgmg-if: of the bar who practise before_hini for siiggestions as
B convenient mode of transacting the interlocutory,
Law Quarterly Review of the_Statute_Law of the United 5911565-
other side of the Atlantic makes the statute books of the different Statesa much more accurate index to the opinions of the people than with us; and when we find the laws of a large number of them setting in the same direction, this may perhaps indicate the probable tendency of opinion among ourselves. There seems no sign of this at present, however, with regard to the election of judges. Fourteen States originally intrusted this to the Legislature ; of these all but five have gone over to popular elections. But upon another point in the same connection even the Americans are cautious, and California alone stops the salary of any judge who keeps a cause undecided after more than ninety days from the hearing. In general, the legal profession can only be entered by an examination under the direction of the courts, but Indiana is content to take integrity instead of knowledge ; and every voter of good moral character may be admitted as an attorney-at-law. More practical for ourselves it may be to notice the education laws. In every State but three the Legislature is required to provide for the maintenance of free schools, while eighteen States provide also for a State University in connection with their system of free education. In two, moreover, a public library must be kept open in every town. American legislation, again, isinteresting, as shewing the manner in which special dangers are dealt with. In their own literature the Americans have freely revealed the corruption of politics. Their statute books exhibit the manner in which this will be dealt with. Thus, in two States, “ lobbying ” is declared to be a felony; and one of these defines it as “ seeking to influence the vote of a member of the Legislature by bribery, promise of reward, intimidation, or other dishonest means ” ; while in another the mutual promises of two members to support each other’s Bills render them criminally liable. It is curious, too, to note that in one State no salaried officer of a railroad can hold a seat in the Legislature. The Maine Liquor Law, of course, is well known; but two other States-—Iowa and Kansas—have now taken the same step, and in the latter State a brewer has claimed protection under the United States Constitution for the damage done to his property, which has been rendered useless. An appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States in this matter is now pending. The department of private law is, of course, less interesting. With regard to real property, the natural tendency has been at work: tenures have been simplified, entails abolished or restricted to one generation, and the rule of equal distribution has been introduced. The previous state of the law has generally been ascribed to the interest of the ruling class. Perhaps this will account also for the curious provision we find in the Civil Code of Georgia, by which the rights of creditors are to be favoured by the courts, and every facility is to be afiorded them to defeat any efiorts to deprive them of theirjust rights. The marriage laws are, of course, freer than with us ; but it is worthy of note that five States and most of the territories forbid the inter-marriage of first cousins. Marriages between blacks and whites are generally prohibited, and the law as to the negro’s equality of rights is easily satisfied by punishing the white offender equally with the black. In Pennsylvania and Tennessee absence for two years, coupled with a report of death, justifies _a re-marriage ; and, should the absent spouse return, he is put to his electioii whether to reclaim his wife or have a divorce. But the diversities between all these different systems are, of cpurse, endless, and must greatly complicate legal relations between citizens of different States. Surely where the diversities, as is often the case, are merely pn matters of detail, the common sense of the Americans will ultimately overcome State jealousies, so as to allow some common system to be established.
also a further question whether the chief clerk could make a personal order for payment of any such sum. In the case in question the action was for partition, and the defendant had, throughout the proceedings, been in default, not having entered an appearance to the writ. The judgment was for partition by the judge at chambers, and the difliculty which subsequently arose in effecting the partition was not anticipated. Under the circumstances it is doubtful whether, even if the point had been foreseen, the court would have had power to insert in the judgment anything not asked for by the statement of claim. On this point there was no decision. But Mr. Justice STIRLING held that a chief clerk has no more power to award a sum by way of owelty of partition than commissioners of partition would have had in eases where that power was not given by the judgment. He also decided that there is no power, in awarding such a sum, to make a personal order for payment.
THE Lisr or CASES to come before the two divisions of the Court of Appeal includes 66 from the Chancery Division; 9 from the Chancery Court of the County Palatine of Lancaster; 77 from the Queen's Bench Division; 5 from the Probate, Divorce, and Admiralty Division; and 12 appeals in Bankruptcy. The total pf these appeals is 169, whereas a year ago the number of appeals m the list was 184, and at the last sittings 189.
Tar: CAUSES in the lists of the Chancery Judges comprise 130 before Mr. Justice Kay; 152 before Mr. Justice Cnirrr; 190 before Mr. Justice Noimi; 140 before Mr. Justice STIRLING; and 149 before Mr. Justice Kexsivicn, making a total of 761 causes, of which upwards of 420 are witness actions. A year ago tho total was 669 causes, and at the last sittings 820.
Ox LOOKING at the Queen's Bench Division Cause List it will be observed that the number of causes for trial with juries is i105, and of those to be tried without juries 384, showing that the jury and non-jury cases are becoming nearly equalized. A year ago the numbers were, 583 with juries, and 490 without.
__j_~ THE LAND TRANSFER BILL.
We concluded our last week’s notice by an observation, Fllllcsicd by one of the new features in the Bill-—C0!1fi.l'l‘l18t10l1 of boundaries——to the effect that probably, unless Sp€C1Dl'p!‘e0i3\.ll210llSlEll'e taken to guard against them, greater difficulties will be niet with in the future manipulation of certified boundaries than in their registration as conclusive in the first instance. its We pl‘°P°°° l7° devote a separate section later on to the discussion of th6Wl1°l; question of maps, plans, boundaries, descriptions, altepationsi '1“ the like, we shall excuse ourselves from now following up “(I19 inquiry so suggested, and will proceed to consider the third, ‘"1 i as we believe, the really most important and beneficial new feature introduced by the Bill.
IV.-—Tnii INSURANCE Form.
The unbending rigidity which mere justice has hitherto rendered, necessary in all dealings in the Land Transfer Offico would, :6 submit, have proved simply intolerable if applied on any 6_Xi"§n:,,, scale and to more or less unwilling subjects, and it is Pnmfp y owing to the extended freedom which the existence of the 21:1“; ance fund will confer upon the olficials that we have Ycllf“ ve express our confident expectation that the present Bill w1l5Pli?n a success. But at the same time we do not forget that in ca ing with so special a subject-matter as lauded pr0Pe1'¢Y exactness; i, certainty are no less important than facility and despfllwbi 5“ and will be seen that, in the following exposition of the V81"? in functions of the insurance fund, we shall strive to show the ”" as well as the extent of its ro er use. -
General aspect of the i'ns3raIr)ace system.-In the first Pl‘°°’r:: a very 0\.l1'l.0ll8 thing in itself that we have notharlllllfm in fund all along. The Report of the Commissioners I-PP°“wl