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Carter, Frances, Nottingham, Milliner. Dec 9 at 3 at offices of Richards, Weekday | Powe, Walter Edward, and Elizabeth Ann Gregory, Swansea, Wholesale and Retail cross, Nottingham

Lozenge Manufacturer. Dec 5 at 3 at offices of Evans and Davies, Wind st, Swansea Cohen, Morris, Chatham, Kent, Oil and Color and Hardware Man. Dec 14 at 3 at the Rogers, Peter, Tolleshunt D'Archy, Essex, Farmer, Dec 8 at 11 at offices of Crick and King's Head Hotel, High st, Rochester, Kent. Shakespear, Newgate st

Freeman, Maldon Cowburn, William, Pontefract, York, Farmer. Dec 9 at il at offices of Leatham, Corn Seager, Francis, Coventry, Stone Mason. Dec 8 at 11 at offices of Hughes and Masser, Market, Pontefract. Baldwin, Pontefract

Little Park st, Coventry Cowie, David, Leadenhall st, Accountant. Dec 2 at 12 at the Guildhall Tavern, Gresham Shelley, George, Walsall, Stafford, Boot and Shoe Dealer. Dec 6 at 1 at Great Western st. Rawlins, Poultry chmbre

Hotel, Birmingham. Bill, Walsall Cross, Thomas, Liverpool, Book-keeper. Dec 17 at 3 at offices of Lowe, Mount Pleasant, Shergold, James, Yeovil, Somerset, Baker. Dec 12 at 3 at the Mermaid Hotel, Yeov Liverpool

Davies, Sherborne Daniels, Samuel George, Bristol, out of business. Dec 5 at 2 at offices of Clifton and Co, Sills, Joseph, Nottingham, Shoeing Smith. Nov 29 at 12 at offices of Black, Low Broad st

ment, Nottingham Demetrius, Anatasius, Fish st_hill, Tobaconist. Dec 12 at 2 at offices of Taylor and Co, Smith, Edward Mason, Gresham st, Commission Agent. Dec 20 at 3 at offices of Mon. Metropolitan chmbrs, New Broad st

tagu, Bucklersbury Draper, Emmanuel Guppy, Bridport, Dorset, Grocer. Dec 1 at 2.30 at offices of Lock, Smith, George Alfreŭ, Nottingham, Barman. Nov 29 at 3 at offices of Cranch, PoultryHigh West st, Dorchester

arcade, Nottingham Draper, George, Devizes, Wilts, Fishmonger. Dec 7 at 11 at the Crown Hotel, Devizes. Smith, James, Rochdale, Lancaster, Licensed Victualler. Dec 12 at 3 at offices of Wiles, Marshall, Devizes

Acker st chmbrs, Acker st. Rochdale Driver, Thomas Arthur, Leicester, Money Lender. Dao 16 at 3 at offices of Wright, Story, Annie, Praed st, Paddington, Dealer in Berlin Wool. Dec 7 at 2 at offices Belvoir st, Leicester

Spyer and Son, Old Broad st Duly, Charles Thomas, Burgess hill, Sussex, Grocer. Dec 14 at 4 at Old Ship Hotel, Speller, Thomas, Lyon st, Caledonian rd, Islington, Contractor. Dec 15 at 3 at offices Brighton. Baxter, Lewes

of Fenton, Kingsland-green Elder, Samuel, Oxford st, Manchester, Draper. Dec 8 at 3 at offices of Sutton and Spencer, Thomas, Heywood, Lancaster, Coach Proprietor. Dec 12 at 3 at offices of Elliott, Fountain st, Manchester

Weston and Co, Market pl, Heywood Evans, John. Plas Coedana, Anglesey, Farmer. Dec 9 at 1.30 at Ship Hotel, Llangefni. Stibbards, David, Longton, 'Stafford, Confectioner. Dec 7 at 3 at offices of Welch, Dew, Anglesey

Caroline st, Longton Evans, John, Ystradfailog, Montgomery, Farmer. Dec 12 at 11 at offices of Powell, Stockings, Alfred, Norwich, Chemist. Dec 9 at 12 at offices of Emerson, Rampant Broad st, Newtown

Horse st, Norwich Evans, William, Dolgelly, Merioneth, Boot Maker. Dec 14 at 11 at offices of Davies, Sumners, John Henry, Lincoln, but now of Donington, out cf business. Nov 29 at 3 at Dolgelly

Fortescue Arms Inn, Billingborough. Deacon and Wilkins, Peterborough Felmingham, Henry, Nottingham, Looking Glass Manhfacturer, Dec 2 at 3 at offices of Summersall, Walker, Heywood, Lancaster, Coach Proprietor. Dec 12 at 2.30 at Market Stevenson, Weekday cross, Nottingham

pl, Heywood, Weston and Co, Manchester Finch, Jacob, Charleton, Devon, Farmer. Dec 9 at 2 at King's Arms Hotel, Kings. | Swann, William, Scarborough, York, Sadler. Dec 7 at 3 at offices of Greenwood, bridge. Windeatt and Windeatt

Huntriss-row, Scarborough Fryer, Alfred, Chatteris, Nurseryman, Dec 8 at 12 at offices of Ruston, Chatteris, Cam- Temperley, Joseph, Tow Law, Durham, Joiner. Dec 7 at 12 at Grainger st, West, New bridge

castle-upon-Tyne. Gibson, Nrwcastle upon Tyne Galpin, William Henry, Devonport, Wholesale Grocer. Dec 2 at 12 at offices of Venning Tilly, William Smith, Gateshead, Durham, Grocers. Dec 5 at 2 at offices of Aitchison, and Goldsmith, Ker st, Devonport

Collingwood st, Newcastle-upon-Tyne Gardner, Joseph, Newcastle-upon Tyne, Corn Dealer. Dec 7 at 1 at offices of Hoyle and Todd, Levi, Fishergate, Preston, Chemist. Dec 9 at 10.30 at County Court Offices, Pres. Co, Westgate rd, Newcastle-upon-Tyne

ton. Fryer, Preston Gedge, John, Reepham, Norfolk, Licensed Victualler. Dec 6 at 11 at King's Arms Townsend, Richard, Middlesborough, York, Pedlar. Dec 12 at 3 at offices of Lewis, Hotel, Reepham, Norfolk. Clabburn, Norwich

Zetland rd, Middlesborough Gledhill, Joseph, Fenay Bridge, near Huddersfield, Brick and Tile Manufacturer. Dec | Tunnicliff, Peter Jones, Ashton-under-Lynne, Lancaster, Tailor. Dec 7 at 3 at offices of 12 at il at offices of Whitley and Whitley, New st, Huddersfield

Bradbury, Booth chmbrs, Beoth st, Ashton-under-Lynne Gowland, Philip, Stockton-on-Tees, Durham, Licensed Victualler. Dec 10 at 11.30 at Turner, George, Longton, Stafford. Fishmonger. Dec 6 at 11 at offices of Stephenson, Royal Hotel, High st, Stockton-on-Tees

Cheapside, Hanley Graham, Robert, Upperby, Cumberland, Blacksmith. Dec 7 at 3 at offices of Clutter. | Turrell, Abraham, Aldeburgh, Suffolk, Grocer. Dec 16 at 2 at offices of Pollard, St buck and Trevenen, Bank chmbrs, Bank st. Carlisle

Lawrence st, Ipswich Hale, Edward, Aspull, Wigan, Iron Manufacturer. Dec 7 at 3 at Victoria Hotel, Wall- Vicary, Wiliam Augustus Webber, East Stonehouse, Devon, Stationer. Dec 7 at 12 at gate. Scott and Ellis, Wigan

offices of Pearse, Princess sq, Plymouth Hales, Edward, jun., Horley, Surrey, Commission Agent. Dec 13 at 2 at offices of Walsh, Alexander, Bristol, out of business. Dec 7 at 10 at offices of Brown, Corn st. Watney and Co, Clement's lane, Lombard st

Bristol Hamer, Henry, Penygloddfa, Motgomery, Grocer. Dec 8 at 12.20 at Bank, Newtown, Ward, John, Battersea pk rd, Surrey, Boot Manufacturer. Dec 7 at 3 at Masons' Hal North Wales. Woosnam

Tavern, Masons' avenue. Young, Newgate st Hardman, Alfred, Gloucester, Publican. Dec 7 at 12 at offices of Champney, College ct, Wilkins, William, Upton-upon-Severn, Worcester, Farmer. Dec 10 at 10.15 at Star Gloucester

Hotel, Upton-upon-Severn, Moores and Romney, Tewkesbury Harris, Solomon, Henry st, Hampstead rd. Dec 15 at 3 at offices of Bridger, Botolph Wil is, Alfred Robert, Hale, Surrey, Clerk in Holy Orders. Dec 10 at 12 at offices of lane, Eastcheap

Knight and Ward, West st, Farnham Healey, Thomas Sheard, Hanging Heaton, York, Commission Agent. Dec 12 at 10.30 at Willis, John, Wandsworth common, Government Clerk. Dec 2 at 3 at offices of Fawcett office of Truewell, Bank chbrs, Commercial st, Batley. Parker

and Co, King st, Cheapside. Staniland Hewitt, Mark Thoucas, Lee, Carman. Nov 30 at 12 at offices of Hughes, Eastcheap Williams, David, Connahs quay, Flint, Grocer. Dec 13 at 12 at Albion Hotel, Chester. Hill, William, Crewe, Chester, Auctioneer. Dec 7 at 2 at office of Warburton. Nantwich Davies and Roberts, Holywell rd, Crewe

Williams, Henry, Grosvenor st, Manchester, Artificial Flower Manufacturer. Dec 7 at 3 Howarth, Joseph, Cheetham, nr Manchester, Furniture Broker. Dec 12 at 3 at office at offices of Fox, Princess st, Manchester of Leigh, Brown st, Manchester

TUESDAY, Nov. 29, 1881. Humphreys. John, Welshpool, Montgomery, Grocer. Dec 15 at 12 at offices of Jones, Aylward, Arthur Octavius, Winchester, Farmer. Dec 12 at 12 at Eagle Hotel, Win. Welsh pool

chester. Killby, Southampton Humphris, Daniel, Cheltenham, Water Engineer. Dec 8 at 12 at Red Lion Inn, High | Bambrough, James, Sunderland, Durham, Shipowner, Dec 14 at 11 at offices of Oliver, st, Cheltenham

John st, Sunderland Jordan, Ann, Liverpool, out of business. Dec 9 at 3 at offices of Quinn and Sons, Lord Booth, Edward, Halifax, York, Butcher. Dec 12 at 4 at offices of Kerr, George st st, Liverpool

Halifax Jordan, Henry Jacob, Finchley rd, St John's Wood, Gent. Dec 8 at 3 at office of Col Briggs, John, Ilkeston, Derby, Baker. Dec 12 at 11 at offices of Thurman and Slack, lings, Buckingham st, Strand

Bath st, Ilkeston Kenyon, William Thomas, Wigan, Auctioneer's Clerk. Dec 12 at 11 at offices of Healy Brown, David, Grove rd, Holloway, Builder. Dec 8 at 10 at offices of Biggin, Chancery Acresfield, Bolton. Wall, Clarence chbrs, Wallgate

lane Kerry, William, Bridge st, Derby, Corn, Cake, and Flour Dealer. Dec 13 at 2 at offices Brown, James Start, Pressland st, Westbourne pk, Builder's Foreman. Dec 8 at 12 at of Moody, Corn Market, Derby

Liquidation Co, Finsbury pavement. Ede, Fore st Laver, Charles, Winchester, Hants, Provision Merchant. Dec 12 at 3 at the Royal | Browne, William, Maidstone, Kent, Saddler. Dec 10 at 11 at offices of Monckton and Hotel, Winchester. Adams, Winchester

Co, King st, Maidstone Law, Thomas, John Law, Kaistrick Law, and George Law, Card Manufacturers, Bull, George, Gravel lane, Southwark, Floor Cloth Dealer. Dec 8 at 3 at offices of Brunswick Mills, Bradford, York. Dec 5 at 11 at offices of Watson and Co, Cheap

White, Queen st, Cheapside side, Bradford, York

Butterfield, Edwin, Tunstall, Stafford, Mining Eogineer. Dec 12 at 3 at offices of Hol. Lindley, Henry, Doncaster. York, Plumber. Dec 8 at 11 at offices of Verity and Co, lingshead and Moody, Tunstall Frenchgate, Doncaster

Cage, William, Framsden, Suffolk, Innkeeper. Dec 9 at 12 at office of Hill, St Nicholas Littlehales, Richard, Hanwood, Salop, Grocer. Dec 8 at 11 at offices of Morris, Swan st, Ipswich hull, Shrewsbury

Chapman, John, Walsall, Ale Merchant. Dec 9 at 11.30 at office of Bill, Bridge st, Wal. Maxwell, John, South Harting, Sussex, Builder. Dec 8 at 2 at the Dolphin Hotel, sall Petersfield, Hants. Walker and Co, Landport

Clegg, Edmund, and Hannah Clegg, Briggate, Leeds. Milliners. Dec 15 at 1.30 at offices Metcalfe, Henry James, Wolverhampton, Music Publisher. Dec 8 at 11 at offices of of Bond and Barwick, Albion pl, Leeds Rhodes, Queen st, Wolverhampton

Cottrall, Benjamin Richard, Kingston-upon-Hull, Master Mariner, Dec 12 at 3 at Law Morgan, John, Baker st, Islington, Coach Builder. Dec 9 at 3 at offices of Lamb, South Society's Hall, Lincoln's inn bldge. Laverack, Hull ampton bldgs, Chancery lane

Courcha, John, Duke -t, Bethnal Green, Cabinet Manufacturer. Dec 12 at 3 at office of Morris, Edwin, Crewe, Chester, Shoemaker. Dec 6 at 11 at Albert chmbrs, Church side, Goldring, White Lion st, Norton Folgate Crewe. Pointon, Crewe

Cross, William. Allostosk, Knutsford, Chester, Farmer. Dec 11 at 3 at Royal George Murphy, Thomas, Sutton, Lancaster, Labourer. Dec 13 at 11 at offices of Massey, Hotel, Knutsford. Brett and Craven, Manchester Hardshawe st, St Helen's

Croxon, George, Vauxhall Bridge rd, Surrey, Baker. Dec 6 at 1 at 162, Fleet st. Draper, Myers, James Washington, Portsmouth, Circus Proprietor. Dec 8 at 2 at offices of Vincent sg, Westminster Brandon, Essex st, Strand

Daniels, Thomas, Manchester, Tin Trunk Manufacturer. Dec 19 at 3 at office of Southam Nichols, Joseph, Dewsbury, York, Innkeeper. Dec 9 at 10.30 at offices of Ridgway and Cross st. Manchester Ridgway, Union st, Dewsbury

Davies, Ellis, Waenfawr, ('arnarvon, Builder, Dec 14 at 11 at Sportsman Hotel, Car Nock, William, Blackheath, Rowley Regis, Stafford, Fruiterer's Labourer. Dec 7 at 3) narvon Williams and Hughes, Carnarvon at offices of Stokes and Hooper, Priory st, Dudley

Dawson, Thomas, and George Robert Dawson, Great Driffield, Coal Merchants, Dec 10 O'Keeffe, Annie Sophia, and Mary Nettleton, Undercliffe, Bradford, Boot Dealers. Dec at 18 at offices of Jennings and Co, Gt Drifhield 7 at 3 at offices of Peel and Co, Chapel lane, Bradford

Dupree, George Alfred, Rye lane, Peckham, Merchant Tailor. Dec 7 at 2 at Guildhall Ollerenshaw, Robert, Hanley, Stafford, Fruiterer. Dec 7 at 11 at offices of Ashmall, Tavern, Gresham st. Sweepstone, Lime st Albion st, Hanley

Eccles, Matthew, Wakefield, Builder. Dec 9 at 11 at offices of Lake and Lake, SouthPaine, Thomas, Hastings, Shoemaker. Dec 2 at 12 at offices of Savery, Trinity st, gate, Wakefield Hastings

Egerton, Stanley, Wellington, Salop, Watchmaker. Dec 10 at 12 at offices of Knowles, Peyn, William John, Canterbury, Coal Merchant. Dec 16 at 3 at Foresters' Hall, High Wellington, Salop st, Canterbury. Collard, Canterbury

Fingland, Robert Gree ihow, Hopton, Norfolk, Grocer. Dec 12 at 12 at Royal Hotel, Pealing, Joseph, Heygate st, Walworth, Compositor. Dec 8 at 2 at offices of Armstrong, Norwich Chancery lane

Firth, Albert Luke, Sheffield, Cutlery Dealer. Dec 12 at 12 at offices of Ibbotson, Perrett, John, Yeovil, Somerset, Grocer. Dec 13 at 2 at 177, Fleet st. Bollen, Yeovil Change alley, Sheffield Perry, Vernal, Walsall, Stirrup Filer. Dec 16 at 12 at offices of Baker, Bridge street, Foxton, Henry, and George Foxton, Sheffield, Joiners. Dec 12 at 4.30 at Law Society, Walsall

Aldine ct, High st, Sheffield. Bell, Sheffield Phelan, Thomas, Newgate st, Wholesale Watch Importer. Dec 3 at 11 at offices of Francis, David, Chrys-ell rd, North Brixton, Surrey, Grocer. Dec 8 at 10 at offices of Lindus and Becknall, Cheapside

Hulbert, Colmore row Pitt, William, Millbridge, York, Machine Maker. Deo 7 at 3 at Wellington Hotel, Frost, Henry, Shading field, Suffolk, Farmer. Dec 15 at 1 at White Lion Hotel, Beccles. Dewsbury. Clough

Pollard, Ipswich

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Fullwood, Frederick John, Handsworth, Stafford, Journeyman Jeweller. Dec 9 at 10.30 Rowson, Orlando, Stoke-upon-Trent, Contractor. Dec 10 at 11 at offices of Ashwell, at offices of Huggins and Mallard, Newall chbrs, Newall st, Birmingham

Stoke-upon-Trent Gathercole, John Howlett, Birmingham, Glass Tablet Manufacturer. Dec 12 at 3 at Rudd, John, Middlesborough, York, Butcher. Dec 15 at 2 at offices of Lewis, Zetland offices of Hodgson and Price, Waterloo st, Birmingham

rd, Middlesborough Godwin, John, Broadway, East Wharf, Cardiff, Grocer. Dec 8 at 11 at offices of Jacob, Russell, Stephen, Litchfield grove, Finchley, Builder. Dec 12 at 3 at Masons' Hall Church st, Cardiff

Tavern, Masons' avenue. Young, Newgate st Goodchild, George, Kingsbury, Farmer. Dec 7 at 3 at offices of Taylor and Co, South Sharman, Charles, Northampton, Machine Sewer. Dec 12 at 11 at Peacock Hotel, Market st, Finsbury square

sq, Northampton. Jeffery, Northampton Gullet, John Berry, Plymouth, Ironmonger. Dec 10 at 12 at offices of Shelly, Princess

Shore, Samuel William, Formby, Lancaster, Salesman. Dec 13 at 2 at offices of Dixon sg, Plymouth

and Syers, Lord st, Liverpool Gustard, John George, Byker, Newcastle upon Tyne, Grocer. Dec 9 at 3 at offices of

Simmons, Andrew, Loughborough, Earthenware Dealer. Dec 15 at 12 at offices of Clif. Johnston, Mosely st, Newcastle upon Tyne

ford, Church gate, Loughborough Hanson, Richard, Slaidburn, West Riding, York, Innkeeper. Dec 15 at 12 at offices

Skinner, John James, Tunbridge Wells, Kent. Solicitor's Clerk, Dec 7 at 11 at offices of Eastham, Church st, Clitheroe Hervey, William, Kidderminster, Worcester, Commission Agent. Dec 7 at 3.30 at office

of Burton, Dyott ter, Tunbridge Wells of Corbet, Church st, Kidderminster

Slader, Susannah, North Molton, Devon, Farmer. Dec 9 at 2 at offices of Riccard and Hemins, Samuel, Wolverhampton, Stafford, Commission Agent. Dec 9 at 2 at the

Son, South Molton, Devon Talbot Hotel, King st, Wolverhampton. Sargent, Birmingham

Smith, Henry, Hutton Cranswick, Y Farmer. Dec 12 at 3 at offices of Davies, Hembrough, Richard, Goole, York, Grocer. Dec 9 at 2 at offices of Hind and Everatt, Exchange st, Gt Driffield Goole

Smith, Robert, Hessle Common, York, Farmer. Dec 13 at 3 at offices of Summers, Herrmann, Edward, Leyton rd, West Ham, Essex, Cheesemonger. Dec 7 at 2 at offices

Manor st, Kingston-upon-Hull of Morphett. King st. Cheapside. Willis, Charles sq, Hoxton

Steven, John, Strand, Bookseller. Dec 14 at 3 at Guildhall Tavern, Gresham st. Rooks Hewett, Samuel, Orlando rd, Clapham, of no occupation. Dec 12 at 2 at office of Blewitt and Co, King st, Cheapsiae and Co, Gracechurch st

Sunderland, William, Colne Bridge, Huddersfield, Rag, Flock, and Shoddy Merchant. Hiltun, Thomas, Great Grimsby, Lincoln, Provision Dealer. Dec 13 at 2.30 at offices of Dec 16 at 11 at offices of Whitley and Whitley, New st, Huddersfield Mason, Victoria st South, Great Grimsby

Varley, James, Bramley, Leeds, Cloth Manufacturer. Dec 14 at 3 at offices of Kirk and Holding, Thomas, Accrington, Joiner. Dec 13 at 3 at Mechanics' Institute, Willow st, Co, Commercial bldgs, Park-row, Leeds • Accrington. Radcliffe, Blackburn

Vane, William, Old Orchard, Poole, Dorset, Fruit and Fish Salesman, Dec 13 at 11 at Jacobs, John, Banbury, Oxford, General Dealer. Dec 19 at 3 at Mullen's Hotel, Iron Crown Hotel, High st, Southampton monger lane, Cheapside. Wild and Co, Ironmonger lane

Wakefield, John, Rugby, Warwick, Brick, Tile, and Pipe Maker. Dec 15 at 12 at Three Lee, Frederick William Jackson, Hall green, Crigglestone, York, Licensed Victualler.

Horse Shoes Inn, Sheep st, Rugby. Homer, Coventry Dec 9 at 1 at offices of Lako and Lake, Southgate, Wakefield

Ward, Henry, Sheppenhall, Newhall, Chester, Farmer. Dec 15 at 2 at offices of Lisle, Jackson, Maria, Rochdale, Lancaster, Widow. Dec 23 at 3 at offices of Jackson, Lower

Nantwich, Cheshire gates, Rochdale Jennings, Edwin, Birmingham, Butcher. Dec 12 at 11 at offlces of Smith, Colmore row,

Warner, Albert Samuel, Blackheath, Kent, Carpenter. Dec 9 at 3 at offices of Foreman Birmingham

and Co, Gresham st. Cannon, Wool Exchange, Coleman st Johnson, William, Sheffield, Clothier. Dec 12 at 11 at offices of Porrett, Bank st, Shef

Wells, George, Furze st, Bromley-by-Bow, Licensed Victualler. Dec 8 at 3 at offices of field

Proctor and Andrews, Princess st, Spitalfields Jordan. Thomas Salmon. Battersea pk rd. Surrey. Provision Merchant. Dec 19 at 2 at | Webb, John Augustus, Stroud and Bisley, Gloucester, Farmer. Dec 9 at 10.30 at offices Mullen's Hotel, Ironmonger lane. Blelloch, Moorgate st

of Smith and Stafford, Bedford st, Strond Kidson, Robert, Abbeygate st, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, Tailor. Dec 12 at 2 at offices Westerdale, Henry, Owlthorne, York, Butcher. Dec 13 at 2.30 at Incorporated Law of Kearsey and Co, Old Jewry

Society, Lincoln's inn bldys, Kingston-upon-Hull. Middlemiss and Pearce Kingsbury, William John, and Augustus Moss, Colchester, Essex, Lemonade Manufac

Whitaker, William Henry, Redcar, York, Fishmonger. Dec 15 at 1 at Red Lion Hotel, turers. Dec 14 at 2 at Fleece Hotel, Head st, Colchester Evans, Maldon

Redcar. Fowle, Northallerton Knapp, William Brush, Swindon, Wilts, Grocer. Dec 10 at 12 at Queen's Royal Hotel, Whittingham, George, Hanley, Stafford, Journeyman Tailor. Dec 10 at 11 at offices of New Swindon. Bradford and Foote, Swindon

James, Newcastle-under-Lyme Law, Joseph Frederick, Gt Dodford, Bromsgrove, Worcester, out of business. Dec 9 at 2.30 at Crown Hotel, Worcester. Huggins and Mallard

Wysall, Robert, Ripley, Derby, Miller. Dec 14 at 11.30 at offices of Cursham, Market Lawson. Joseph, Chester, Baker, Dec 9 at 11 at offices of Boydell and Co, Pepper st,

House chambers, Ripley Chester

Williams, George, Plymouth, Grocer. Dec 10 at 11 at offices of Square and Co, Bank of Lewis, Georgo, Deptford Lower rd, Rotherithe, Surrey, Bout and Shoe Maker, Dec 12

England chambers, Plymouth at 3 at Finsbury pavement, Ede, Fore st

Williams, Robert Pritchard, Beddgelert, Carnarvon, Quarry Manager. Dec 15 at 22 at Limmer, George Edward, and Albert Lake Firth, Corn Exchange, Sheffield, Cutlery the Sportsman Hotel, Portmadoc. Roberts, Bangor. Dealers. Dec 12 at 11 at offices of Ibbotson, Change-alley, Sheffield

Woolnough, Arthur George, Bury St. Edmgnd, Suffolk, Butcher. Dec 13 at 12 at the Lockyear, John, Bristol, Grocer. Dec 12 at 3 at offices of Titley, Orange-grove, Guildhall, Bury St. Edmunds. Gross, Bury St, Edmunds

Bach
Lowe, John, Leamington, Warwick, Wine and Spirit Merchant. Dec 20 at 2 at Bath

Hotel, Bath st, Leamington. Abbott, Leamington
Le Maitre, Zante William, Walmer, Kent, Gent. Dec 13 at 2.30 at Black Horse Hotel,

CONTENTS.
Deal. Herbert and Kent, Gracechurch st
Martin, Piers Edgcumb, Apiary, King's Somborne, Southampton, Bee Master, Hive

Maker. Dec 8 at 3 at offices of Bell and Tayler, Portland st, Southampton
Mendoza, Alfred, Liverpool, Musician, Dec 12 at 3 at offices of Blackhurst and Fretson | CURRENT Topic3..................... 671 Re Vaughan's Trusts ............
Dale et, Liverpool

THE LEGAL ASPECT OF TIE PROPOSED

French y. Chatterton....... Moore, Robert, Middlesborough, York, Gent. Dec 15 at 11.30 at offices of Garbutt and CHANNEL TUNNEL....

68 Re Madras Irrigation and Canal Fawcett, Finkle st, Stockton on Tees

THE PROCEDURE COMMITTEE'S REPORT

Company Limited) ...... Monk, William, Montagu terrace, Richmond, Fly and Cab Proprietor. Dec 16 at 3 at BANKRUPTCY LAW REFORM....

Ruth v. Tamplin ......... the Railway Hotel, Richmond. Seeley

RECENT DECISIONS .................

Chilcott y. Bullen ..... Moncaster, Richard Sarginson, IIunslet, Leeds, York, Engineer. Dec 13 at 3 at the Law REVIEWS .........................

SOCIETIES .... Institute, Albion pl, Leeds. Rider, Leeds

CORRESPONDENCE ................

LAW STUDENTS' JOURNAL .... Morton, Sharpe, Huddersfield, Restaurant Keeper, Dec 12 at 11 at offices of Welsh, Vic. CASES OF THE WEEK-

SIR GEORGE BRAMWELL ..... toria cbmbrs, Queen st. Huddersfield

Redgrave v. Hurd

74 NEW ORDERS, &c. Mutch, William, Kemble rd, Waddon, Croydon, Surrey, Builder. Dec 15 at 3 at offices

Sanders v. Sanders,

LEGAL APPOINTMENTS ..... of Carter and Bell, Eastcheap

Ex parte Davies

COMPANIES .... Murray, Augustus Gostling, Scarsdale villas, Kensington, Gent. Dec 20 at 3 at the Inns

Ex parte Sadler ....

CREDITORS' CLAIMS ... of Court Hotel, High Holborn, Finnis and Wylie, Surrey st, Strand

75 COURT PAPERS.....

Ex parte Young ........... Neild. Jacob, the younger, Salford, Lancaster, Baker.

Mapleson v. Hutchinson ...

76 LONDON GAZETTES, &c., &c........... Dec 12 at 3 at offices of Davies and Co, Brown st, Manchester. Brier, Liverpool Notman, William, Clarendon rd, Notting hill, Builder. Dec 9 at 2 at offices of Pannell and Cartwright, Basinghall st. Harrison, Pancras lane

NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.-All communications intended for publication Palmer, Thomas, Paington, Devon, Farmer. Dec 12 at 12 at offlces of Eastley and Jar.

in the SOLICITORS' JOURNAL must be authenticated by the name and address of man, New st, Paington

the writer. Payne, William Henry, Cheltenhim, Gloucester, Chemist. Dec 13 at 12 at Bath Hotel, Albion st. Cheltenham. Dighton, Newent

The Editor does not hold himself responsible for the return of rejected communiPowell, John, Bristol, Art Decorator. Dec 12 at 12 at offices of Trapnell, Caledonian chmbrs, St Stephen's avenue, Bristol

cations. Priest, James, Roath, Cardiff, Grocer. Dec 12 at 12 at offices of Evans, Shannon ct, Corn

** The Publisher requests that early application should be made by persons st, Bristol. Griffith and Corbett, Cardiff Reeve, William, Woodnewton, Noithampton, Farmer. Dec 12 at 12 at omces of Tnomp- desirous of obtaining back numbers of the SOLICITORS' JOURNAL, as only a small son and Co, Barn hill, Stamford, Lincoln

number of copies remain on hand.

70

71

7+

EDE AND SON,

SCHWEITZER'S COCOATINA, |

LONDON GAZETTE (published by authority) and

LONDON and COUNTRY ADVERTISEMENT Anti-Dyspeptic Cocoa or Chocolate Powder.

OFFICE.--No. 117, CHANCERY LANE, FLEET Guaranteed Pure Soluble Cocoa of the Finest Quality'

ROBE

STREET.

MAKERS, with the excess of fat extracted.

LENRY GREEN, Advertisement Agent, The Faculty pronounce it “the most nutritious, per.

BY SPECIAL APPOINTMENT,

begs to direct the attention of the Legal Profession fectly digestible beverage for Breakfast, Luncheon, or

To Her Majesty, the Lord Chancellor, the Whole of the
Judicial Bench, Corporation of London, &c.

to the advantages of his long experience of upwards of Supper, and invaluable for Invalids and Children." SOLICITORS' AND REGISTRARS' VUWNS.

thirty years, in the special insertion of all pro forma Highly commended by the entire Medical Press.

notices, &c., and hereby solicits their continued support.BARRISTERS' AND QUEEN'S COUNSEL'S DITTO,

N.B. One copy of advertisement orly required, and the Being without sugar, spice, or other admixture, it suits i CRPORATION ROBES, UNIVERSITY & CLERGY EOWNS,

strictest care and promptitude assured. Orficial stamped all palates, keeps better in all climates, and is four times

ESTABLISHED 1689.

forms for advertisement and file of “London Gazette the strength of cocoas THICKENED yet WEAKENED with

94 CHANCERY LANE, LONDON. kept. By appointment. starch, &c., and IX REALITY CHEAPER than such Mixtures.

Made instantaneously with boiling water, a teaspoonful AMPTON & SONS make NO CHARGE to a Breakfast Cup, costing less than a halfpenny.

for inserting particulars in their FREE MONTHLY

REGISTER of ESTATES, TOWN and COUNTRY CocoaTINA A LA VANILLE is the most delicate, digestible,

THE CHURCH PREFERMENT cheapest Manilla Chocolate, and may be taken when HOUSES, Furnished or Unfurnished, or for Sale, to be 1 GAZETTE (issued Monthly), containing full par. aicher chocolate is prohibited.

hed GRATIS at their Offices, or post-free for two stamps. ticulars of Advowsons, Presentations, &c., for Sa'e, to. In tin packets at 18. 6d., 3s., 5s. 6d., &c., by Chemists

Published on the 1st of the month, and particulars for gether with useful advice to purchasers, should be

insertion should be sent not later than five days previous referred to by every purchaser. Edited by Mr. W. and Grocers. to end of preceding month.

EMERY STARK (Associate Institute of Actuaries, Charities on Special Terms by the Solo Proprietors, Valuations for Probate and Transfer. Surveys.

F.R.G.S., &c ).-Address (enclosing six stamps), Messrs, H, SCHWEITZER & CO, 10, Adam-street, London, w.c.'

Estate and Auction Offices, 8, Pall Mall East, S.W. W. EMERY STARK, 3, Bedford-street, Strand,

LONDON, DECEMBER 10, 1881.

CURRENT TOPICS.

duty. He was indicted and convicted, and the Court for Crown Cases Reserved held that even relationship will not justify the taking of a corpse from the grave where it has been buried.

WE ARE AUTHORIZED to state that there is now little prospect of the Rule Committee of Judges dealing with the Report of the

WE OBSERVE that one of the “ society journals” falls foul of our Legal Procedure Committee until after the Christmas Vacation.

recent article on the Legal Aspects of the Channel Tunnel in a tone The annual Council of all the judges of the Supreme Court will be

indicative of some personal vexation. The substance of the stateheld on the 15th inst.

ment is that in 1874 and 1875 certain papers were laid before Parliament containing the report of commissioners appointed to consider

the subject of the Channel Tunnel, which report set forth the THE COMMITTEE appointed by the Incorporated Law Society to | draft of a suggested treaty between the two nations with regard consider the Procedure Committee's report, are making good to such a tunnel. And that in 1876 an Act was passed, called the progress in their investigation, but any statement as to the con- | Channel Tunnel Company Act. It is suggested that the Bill now clusions arrived at by them would at present be premature, promoted is practically a Bill to extend the time allowed by the inasmuch as resolutions which have been passed are, of course, former Act for the proposed preliminary operations. We fail to open to be rescinded on further consideration.

perceive how all this affects the substance of our contention in the smallest degree. What we said was, in substance, that very

difficult questions of jurisdiction and other legal questions might WE UNDERSTAND that, at the instance of the Board of Inland | arise in connection with a Channel tunnel, which questions could Revenue, an arrangement has been made, under the direction of only be solved by a carefully considered treaty, and would prothe Lord Chancellor, that copies of all Chancery orders which bably require legislation on the subject; that the consideration of direct payment of legacy or succession duties out of a fund in these questions, and others of national importance also involved, court shall be transmitted to Somerset House. The object of this ought not to be left till the tunnel is half made; and that private is, of course, to enable the Inland Revenue authorities to bring speculators ought not to be given facilities for proceeding with this pressure to bear upon solicitors having the carriage of such enterprize, by means of private bill legislation, until the desirability orders, so as to expedite the payment of the duties.

or otherwise of the tunnel, having regard to these public questions, has been fully discussed as a matter of the highest public import

ance by the Legislature. We do not find in the facts paraded by the THE DECISION of the Divisional Court, on re-consideration, to society journal, with a flippant assumption of superior wisdom, anyallow an appeal in the important case as to the right of an thing which in the least conflicts with our observations on the suboccupier of one or more rooms in a house, not structurally severed, ject. We have perused the draft treaty to which we are referred. to the franchise, as an occupier of a dwelling-house, affords an Its provisions are of a very sketchy nature; it, no doubt, provides illustration of the justice of the observation we ventured to that the tunnel shall be equally divided between the two realms, make a fortnight ago while discussing the Procedure Com- but it makes little or no provision for the practical difficulties that mittee's Report, that it will probably be desirable to lay will arise ; leaving the conditions under which the English side of down in general terms the considerations which should the tunnel will be managed to be defined by Order in Council. In guide judicial discretion in granting leave to appeal. Among itself it certainly does not, to our mind, meet the difficulties of the these considerations is certainly to be reckoned that which case in anything like an adequate manner. The Channel Tunnel Mr. Justice BOWEN described as “the numerical import- Act, 1876, is not a public general Act, and simply gives powers to ance of the result of our judgment." The result of the decision the company to take land, and other powers for the purpose of in question will be to enfranchise thousands of persons, and preliminary operations, subject to certain restrictions. The society substantially to affect the qualification for the parliamentary journal would appear to wish it to be inferred that the draft treaty franchise. However confident the court may be as to the correct- and the Act together provide for everything that is necessary in ness of its ruling, there can be no doubt that the public will not connection with the subject. This does not appear to us to be by be satisfied with the decision on a question of such importance of any means the case. a tribunal of first instance.

ONE OF THE CHARACTERISTICS of the age is the tendency to ALTHOUGH THE PENALTY for the Dunecht outrage must, of demand special tribunals to administer justice, or some substitute course, depend on the Scottish criminal law, the event has given for justice, for the benefit of each class in the community. Law, rise to some speculation as to the protection afforded to the grave as administered by the ordinary courts, we are told, is dilatory, by the law of this country. It seems to have been supposed in doubtful, costly ; let us then abandon the ordinary courts. Let some quarters that the ancient maxim that the law recognizes no us have a tribunal to deal with certain classes of controversies, property in a corpse throws some doubt on the efficacy of our with experts as judges and with a special procedure. Mr. criminal law to punish violations of the sanctity of the Justice STEPHEN uttered at a recent meeting at the Society of grave. Whatever doubts may have prevailed on the subject in Arts, and has since more fully developed in the columns of an early times, there can now be no doubt that it is an indictable evening contemporary, a well-timed and powerful protest against offence to remove a dead body from the grave. This was clearly the most recent of these proposals. The Patents Bill prepared by established by the case of Rex v. Lynn (2 T. R. 733), where the the society provides that a board of commissioners of patents court said that the offence was “cognizable in a criminal court as shall be appointed, consisting of three commissioners—namely, an being highly indecent and contra bonos mores." And in the more engineer, a chemist, and a lawyer. They are to grant all patents recent case of Reg. v. Sharpe (D. & B. C. C. 160) the question was and to permit them to be amended, and are also to be a court of first again discussed. A man had removed from a burial ground, for instance and a court of appeal for the trial of actions for the inthe purpose of re-interment, the bodies of some relatives (as fringement of patents. Either the engineer or the chemist, assisted the jury found) solely from motives of affection and religious / by a legal assessor (other than the legal commissioner) is to try the case in the first instance, and an appeal is to lie from the one commissioner to the three commissioners. Their decision is to be LONG TERMS AND THE CONVEYANCING final. They are to have power, amongst other things, to make

АСТ. rules of procedure, to compel the attendance of witnesses, and, “ generally, they may exercise all such jurisdiction and power,

In the course of a recent series of articles we have reviewed and make such orders as might have been made in a like case by

most of those subjects comprised in the Conveyancing Act which any division or judge of the High Court of Justice in England.”

are of common and everyday interest. We propose now to Now, since actions for the infringement of patents are infrequent

examine separately some other topics which lie more apart from - about nine a year is stated to be the average—the proposal is

the current of general practice, but are in themselves well worthy objectionable as creating a very expensive machinery to accom

of consideration. plish a very small result. But the most serious objection to the

Section 65, though it may have for the present only a limited court is the proposed combination of executive and judicial duties.

application to practice, seems to contain certain germs of developThe admixture has been tried in the Railway Commission only with

ment which may perhaps make it hardly less famous than the Statute the result of bringing the commissioners to see that, unless they of Uses. To sum it up shortly, the section enables certain perignored their administrative functions, they could not obtain the

sons, under certain circumstances, to enlarge a term of years into confidence necessary to enable them efficiently to perform their

a fee simple without the concurrence of any person entitled in judicial duties. How could the decisions of the proposed court be

reversion upon the determination of the term. impartial ? As Mr. Justice STEPHEN points out, when an action

The first sub-section specifies certain requisites by which the for infringement was brought they must have already formed an

term must be qualified, in order that it may be susceptible of enofficial opinion upon the patent said to have been infringed ; and largement. how could they try fairly a question as to its validity? The “65.-(1.) Where a residue unexpired of not less than two hundred years mistake which the originators of these schemes commit lies in of a term, which, as originally created, was for not less than three hundred assuming that legal procedure must necessarily remain dilatory, I years, is subsisting in land, whether being the whole land originally comdoubtful, and costly. Why not agitate for its amendment, instead

| prised in the term, or part only thereof, without any trust or right of redemp.

tion affecting the term in favour of the freeholder, or other person entitled in of calling for its abolition ? As regards patent cases for instance,

reversion expectant on the term, and without any rent, or with merely a why not ask for a very simple change, which would enable a peppercorn rent or other rent having no money value, incident to the reverjudge to order that such cases shall be tried by a judge and sion, or having had a rent, not being merely a peppercorn rent or other rent áşsessors, and placed in a separate list ?

having no money value, originally so incident, which subsequently bas been released, or has become barred by lapse of time, or has in any other way ceased to be payable, then the term may be enlarged into a fee simple in the

manner, and subject to the restrictions, in this section provided." A DIVISIONAL COURT, composed of GROVE and LOPES, JJ.,

We have by our first italics drawn attention to some remarkgave judgment for the appellant, with costs, in McBride v.

: able words. Since the section speaks of “the freeholder or other Richard on Wednesday last; being of opinion that the Sunday Closing (Wales) Act, 1881 (44 & 45 Vict. c. 61), s. 3,“ gram

person entitled in reversion expectant on the term,” it plainly

seems to contemplate terms upon which the reversion is other matically construed, admitted of no doubt," so that the Act can

than a freehold; that is, sub-demises as distinguished from have no operation till August, 1882. We are not a little sur

demises. Suppose an owner in fee simple to grant a long term, prised, not so much by the decision, as by the certainty with

reserving a substantial rent with the express purpose of guarding which the learned judges have arrived at it. The words of the

against the loss of the reversion by enlargement of the term. section are, " This Act shall commence and come into operation,

His lessee will then, so far as sub-section (1) is concerned, be able with respect to each division or place in Wales, on the day next

to render this precaution futile. For he can sub-let at a pepperappointed for the holding of the general annual licensing meeting

corn rent, in consideration of a large premium; and it appears to for that division or place.” If “next appointed” is to have the

us that the sub-term so created will be a term capable of being future sense, why were not the words “ next to be appointed”

enlarged into a fee simple within the meaning of sub-section (1). used ? May not, after all, the much-blamed draftsman have

Nor do we see how it can be denied that the sub-lessee, being advisedly used an ambiguous term, in order that it might be

beneficially entitled, in right of that sub-term, to possession of equally available whether the Act passed early or late in the

the land comprised in it, might, by virtue of sub-section (2), session ? Could not “next” be rejected as “insensible" ? All

enlarge it into a fee simple at his pleasure. these and many more questions we should like to hear the decision

We have also by italics called attention to a phrase of which of a court of appeal upon. But it is clear beyond doubt that no

the meaning is not obvious. Rent reserved by a lease does not, appeal lies. A case stated by justices upon a summary conviction

by reason of the Statutes of Limitation, become barred by lapse of is a criminal matter within section 47 of the Judicature Act,

time during the continuance of the term. It is possible that the 1873, which provides that no appeal shall lie from any judgment

words were used in view of the fact that a long non-payment might of the High Court in any criminal cause or matter (Blake v.

be taken as evidence of a release of the reversion. But they are Beach, L. R. 2 Es. D. 335).

not well adapted to bear any such meaning; and, if the reversion

has been released, there is no need to enlarge the term. WE REFERRED last week to a regulation which has been made

(2.) Each of the following persons (namely):

“(i.) Any person beneficially entitled in right of the term, whether in the Chancery Division in order to check the practice of not

gabjeot to any incumbrance or not, to possession of any land giving notice when cases are settled or are kept out of the judges'

comprised in the term ; but, in case of a married woman, with daily papers by arrangement. It appears that strong complaints

the concurrence of ber hasband, apless sbe is entitled for her of this practice have recently also arisen in the Queen's Bench

separate use, whether with restraint on anticipation or not, Division. Probably the application of a similar regulation to that

and then without his concurrence ;

“ (ii.) Any person being in receipt of income as trustee, in rigbt of Division might afford a partial remedy for the inconvenience

the term, or having the term vested in him in trust for sale, complained of.

whether subject to any incombrance or pot ; “(iii.) Any person in whom, as personal representative of any

deceased person, the term is vested, whether subject to any In a recent case Mr. Justice Hawkins observed :-“ Pleadings are growing

incombrance or not; every day more shadowy and vague. W bat we shall do when they are

aball, as far as regards the land to which he is antitled, or in which he is abolished altogether and become oral goodness only knows !"

interested, in right of the term, in any such character as aforesaid, have

power by deed to declare to the effect that, from and after the execution of The following card has been handed to us as a specimen of transatlantic

the deed, the term shall be enlarged into a fee simple.” legal feminioe unobstrusiveness :-" Lelia Josephine Robinson, LL.B., having completed a full course of legal study at the Boston University Law School, I The three phrases here used-(i.) “entitled in right of the and elsewhere, has opened an office at No. 5, Pemberton-square, room 30, term . . . . to possession”; (ii.) “ being in receipt of where all legal business will be faithfully and carefully attended to. Refers to Hon. Charles R. Train, Ex-Att'y-Gen'l.; Hon. Edmund H. Bennett, Dean

income .... or having the term vested in him”; and B. U. Liw School; Hon. Henry W. Paine. N.B.-Court business will be

(iii.), “in whom . ... the term is vested”—would naturally attended to by efficient and reliable attorneys at law,"

| be supposed not all to mean the same thing. But it is difficult to say what are the distinctions (if there are any) between them. words comprised in it, only two can be found admitting any For by section 2, sub-section (iii.), of the Act, “possession application to the matter-rights, and obligations. But these includes receipt of income.” And, in what may be styled the coda expressions are not used generally : they are confined to such of the sub-section, we find all the three phrases apparently rights and obligations as “the term would have been subject to if lumped together and identified in the single expression, “to which it had not been so enlarged." But in the case by us supposed, the he is entitled, or in which he is interested, in right of the term, "term" which has been enlarged is the sub-term ; and the rights in any such character as aforesaid."

of the freeholder to which we referred cannot be properly said to Moreover, the words,“ beneficially entitled .... in be rights to which the sub-term aforesaid would have been subright of the term,” seem to bear the meaning “ beneficially ject. They are rights to which the land comprised in the subentitled .... by reason of the term being vested in him," term would have been subject; but they have no relation to the more legitimately than any other. If it should be objected that sub-term, between which estate and the estate of the freeholder the latter words are not applicable to the case of a married there is no privity. The word “ obligations" is, if possible, even woman, a ready answer is at hand ;—the words “entitled to worse adapted to bear the needful burden than the word “rights." possession,' even when extended by the interpretation clause, are But the consequences of this defect in the Act are so serious that not applicable to the case of a married woman when the term is the courts will probably think themselves compelled to squeeze not settled to her separate use; and therefore, since upon no the required meaning out of some part of sub-section (4). hypothesis can the language of the act be made accurate, in- Even when that has been done, other consequences will remain accuracy of this particular kind is a very slight objection against of great gravity, from which we see no loophole of escape. Can a proposed interpretation.

it be denied that sub-section (1) contemplates, as being within its If, upon these grounds, we conclude that the three phrases are scope, terms upon which the reversion is not a freehold ? If this used to mean the same thing, we shall be spared further inquiry; cannot be denied, it will follow that, in the case supposed by us, because the meaning of the third phrase, “in whom . .. the sub-termor will be able to enlarge his sub-term into a fee the term is vested," admits of no dispute. We may, then, sum simple, even though the “rights" of the original freeholder are up the effect of the sub-section by stating the characteristics saved by sub-section (4). The result of this will be the creation which must be possessed by any person in order that he may be of one fee simple dependent upon another, burdened, by reason of able to enlarge the term into a fee simple. These seem to be as this dependency, with most of the incidents commonly annexed to follows:-(1) The term must be vested in that person. (2) Such a leasehold estate. person must be entitled thereto in one of the three following Even if anyone should be found to deny that sub-terms are capacities-(i.) beneficially; (ii.) as trustee; (iii.) as executor. within the scope of sub-section (1), this denial would not avoid (3) If such person is a married woman, either (i.) she must be the consequences last indicated by us. It will still be within entitled to her separate use, or (ii.) her husband must concur in the power of a freeholder to create a term, having a free. the deed of enlargement.

hold reversion, to the express intent that the termor or lessee may The above sketch represents the view which on the whole afterwards enlarge it into a fee simple by virtue of the Act. By we are inclined to to take of this sub-section's meaning. But adopting this device it will, in future, be possible legally to annex a very different meaning not only might be, but actually to estates of fee simple all those incidents which can now be has been, suggested for it. The language of sub-sub-section annexed to them only in equity by means of the doctrine of Tulk (i.) is possibly susceptible of a wider scope than the lan- v. Moxhay. It is probable that owners of building land will freely guage of the other two sub-sub-sections. The words are, resort to the machinery thus provided for them. * Any person beneficially entitled in right of the term, . . . . « (5.) But where any land so held for the residue of a term has been settled in to possession of any land comprised in the term.” And since trust by reference to other land, being freehold land, so as to go along with * possession includes receipt of income,” it might be contended that other land as far as the law permite, and, at the time of enlargement, the that the words do not necessarily imply that the term is vested in

ultimate beneficial interest in the terco, whether subject to any subsisting

particular estate or not, has not become absolutely and indefeasibly yested in the person so entitled, but that they might apply to any beneficiary

any person, then the estate in lee simple acquired as aforesaid shall, without receiving income under a settlement. Upon this hypothesis prejudice to any conveyance for value previously made by a person having a there might by possibility be many persons at the same time, contingent or defeasible interest in the term, be liable to be, and shall be, con. each entitled independently of all the rest to enlarge the term into veyed and settled in like manner as the other land, being freehold land, aforea fee simple. But we may observe that it is incorrect to say that

said, and until so conveyed and settled shall devolve beneficially as if it had

| been so conveyed and seuled." a beneficiary under a settlement, the term being vested in a trustee, is entitled to possession of the land, or the receipt of income, “ in

When chattel estates are settled in the manner mentioned in right of the term.” The trustee is entitled in right of the term ;

this sub-section, the operation upon them of the settlement under but the beneficiary is entitled in right of the trust. The opinion

some circumstances differs from its operation upon the freeholds. of two eminent conveyancers seems nevertheless to be in favour

Any person becoming entitled to the leaseholds for what, in the of the view lastly suggested; for in the latest edition of a well case of freeholds, would be an estate tail, takes the leaseholds known collection, there is more than one precedent, purporting to absolutely. The object of this sub-section seems to be to obliterate, enlarge a long term into a fee simple by virtue of the Act, in as far as possible, the distinction whenever the leaseholds have which the person making the declaration appears on the face of

been enlarged into fee simple estates by virtue of the Act. the deed not to have the term vested in him.

(6.) The estate in fee simple so acquired shall, whether the term was (3.) Thereupon, by virtue of the deed and of this Act, the term shall in all mines and minerals wbich at the time of enlargement have not been

originally created without impeachment of waste or not, include the fee simple become abd be enlarged accordingly, and the person in whom the term was severed in right, or in fact, or have not been severed or reserved by an inclosure previously vested shall acquire and have in the land a fee simple instead of the Act or award." Under the view last suggested the somewhat strange consequence

If the term was originally subject to forfeiture for waste, this would foilow, that one person can alter the estate of another

sub-section seems to contain nothing to relieve the fee simple into

which it might be enlarged from the same liability. This "right" person without his consent or concurrence.

of the original freeholder in reversion is much more obviously The next sub-section is of the utmost importance :

within the scope of sub-section (4) than are those rights about "(4.) The estate in see simple so acquired by enlargement shall be subject to all the same trusts, powere, executory limitations over, rights, and equities,

which we spoke while referring to the possible enlargement of a and to all the same covenants and provisions relating to user and enjoyment,

nt: sub-term. and to all the samu obligations of every kind, as the term would have been subject to if it had not been so enlarged."

It will occur to the reader to ask whether this sub-section | A correspondent of the Times calls attention to the delay in printing the effects any saying of the rights of the freeholder, in the case above Acts of Parliament relatiog to railway companies which received the Royal supposed by us, who, having demised at a substantial rent, learns assent during the last session, and the serious inconvenience that arises therethat a sub-term, created by his lessee at a peppercorn rent, has

from to those interested. He states that he bas applied de die in diem for

some time past, but has failed to procure the Acts, which the printers assure been enlarged into a fee. The language of the sub-section is not

him are delayed owing to the fault of those responsible in the reading depart. well adapted to effect any such saying. Out of the many generalment of the Government.

term.

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