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Church, Frederick, Brighton, Licensed Victualler, Pet May 25. Jones. Brighton, Hockley, William John, Ipswich, Leather Seller. June 9 at 11 at 83, Gresham st. Block June 13 at 12

and Wollaston, Ipswich Coombes, John, Lopen, near Ilminster, of no occupation. Pet May 26. Batten. Yeovil, Holton, John Henry, Sheffield, Chemist. June 9 at 11 at office of Porrett, Bank st, June 14 at 11

Sheffield Hewett, Charles Hollingsworth, Luton, Bedford, Straw Plait Merchant. Pet May 25. Hooper, Benjamin Herbert, Flodden rd, Camberwell, Leather Merchant. June 9 at 2 Cooke. Luton, June 15 at 11

at office of Robinson, Philpot lane Rowland, Richard, Cardiff, Colliery Manager. Pet May 27. Langley. Cardiff, June Horsey, Albert, Woking Station, Builder, June 13 at 2 at office of Hicks, High st, 17 at 12

Guildford Woods, Henry Byron, Ivybridge, Devon, Captain Royal Marine Light Infantry. Pet Jenkins, Charles, St Issells, Pembroke, Baker, June 5 at 12 at 39, Broad st, Bristol, in May 27. Gidley. East Stonehouse, June 14 at 12

lieu of the place originally named BANKRUPTCIES NNULLED.

Johnstone, Charles Richard, Birmingham, Surgeon, June 5 at 3 at office of Freeman,

Colmore row, Birmingham
FRIDAY, May 26, 1882.
Lewis, Thomas, Abercarne, Monmouth, Farmer. May 23

Jones, Daniel, Merthyr Tydfil, Carpenter. June 10 at 3 at office of Vaughan, High st, Penrose, John, West Ayton, York, Innkeeper. May 15

Merthyr Tydfil

Jones, Edward, and Thomas Edward Jones, Llanberis, Carnarvon, Tailors. June 14 at TUESDAY, May 30, 1882.

12 at Queen's Hotel, Railway Station, Chester. Williams and Hughes, Carnarvon Harley, Alexander, Gloncester rd. May 25

Kempson, David, Luton, Straw Hat Manufacturer. June 6 at 3 at Queen's Hotel, Luton. Kerslake, Stephen, Taunton, Somerset, Licensed Victnaller. May 1

Wells, St Albans
Liquidations by Arrangement.

Kenvin, William John, Southampton, Watchmaker. June 12 at 3 at office of Hodgson

and Price, Waterloo st, Birmingham FIRST MEETINGS OF CREDITORS.

Lane, George, Everington st, Fulham, Builder. June 8 at 10.30 at office of Tippetts, Gt FRIDAY, May 26, 1882.

St Thomas Apostle Ainsworth, Cyrus, Elton, Bury, Lancaster, Nurseryman. June 12 at 3 at offices of Laslete, James, Ramsgate, Grocer. June 10 at 1 at Fleur de Lis Hotel, Canterbury. Watson Broad st, Bury

Thomson, Ramsgate Baguley, James, Liverpool, Ironmonger. June 7 at 2 at office of Edwards, Brockley Lay, Henry John, St Clement's st, Barnsbury, Carman. June 5 at 3 at 390, City rd. bldgs, South John st, Liverpool

Popham, Vincent ter, Islington Beesley, Julian West Robinson, Accrington, Lancaster, Plasterer. June 8 at 11 at Lewis, Henry, Bristol, Boot Dealer. June 7 at 2 at office of Sibly and Dickinson, ExDerby Hotel, Accrington. Ballard and Sandeman, Accrington

change West, Bristol Bell, William Bainbridge, Lancaster, Joirer. June 13 at 11 at offices of Holden and

Manners, John Edward, Bradford, Potato Salesman. June 1 at 3 at office of Neill and Whelon, Church st, Lancaster

Broadbent, Kirkgate, Bradford Bennet, John, Bristol, Leather Merchant. June 7 at 3 at office of Evans, Exchange Mark, William Bell, Brampton, Cumberland, Butcher. June 8 at 3 at offices of Carrick bldgs East, Bristol

and Co, Brampton Bissett, Richard, Okehampton, Devon, Coal Merchant. June 9 at 2 at office of Sonth. cott, Post Office st, Bedford circus, Exeter. Prickman, Okehampton

Martin, Henry, Birmingham, Estate Agent. June 6 at 2 at office of Rowley and Chat.

win, Temple row, Birmingham Blackshaw, Peter, Lower Withington, Chester, Licensed Victualler. June 8 at 11 at

Miles, Christopher Charles, and Ernest Albert Miles, Salisbury, Brewers. June 12 at Old Cheshire Cheese Inn, High st, Congleton, Garside and Spencer, Congleton 3 at White Hart Hotel, Salisbury. Lee and Co, Salisbury Boggis, John, West Cowes, Isle of Wight, Hants, Horse Dealer. "June 8 at 3 at office of Motum, Jeremiah, Grundisburgh, Suffolk, Blacksmith. June 14 at 3 at Traders’ As. Damant, West Cowes

sociation, Post Office chmbrs, Ipswich. Birkett and Bantoft, Ipswirh Bottomley, Sidney, Bradford, Pork Butcher. June 12 at 3 at offices O Atkinson and

Nichols, John Baldwin Dickinson, Swansea, Brewer. June 9 at 2 at office of Jellicoe, Wilson, Tyrrell st, Bradford

Prospect pl, Swansea Boulton, Joseph, Manchester, Accountant. June 7 at 10.15 at Clarence Hotel, Piccadilly, Oakes, Thomas, Northwich, Chester, out of employment. June 6 at 10 at Royal Hotel, Manchester. Stevenson, Hanley

Crewe. Green and Dixon, Northwich Bradford, Roger, Chawleigh, Devon, Boot and Shoe Maker. Jure 9 at 12 at office of

O'Donovan, John Neil, Cannington, Somerset, Schoolmaster. June 10 at 11 at office of Thorne, Castle st, Barnstable

Roberts, All Saints ct, Bristol Brady, Thomas, Manchester, Provision Merchant. June 14 at 3 at office of Huslam, Parkin, Simon, Stanhope, Durham, Innkeeper. June 9 at 11 at office of Stillman, Mosley st, Manchester

North Bondgate, Bishop Auckland Bullock, William, Droit wich, Worcester, Blacksmith. June 7 at 11 at office of Tree, Parrott, Thomas, Banner st, St Luke's, Card Board Manufacturer. June 8 at 2 at office High st, Worcester

of Poole, Bartholomew close Bunting, Stuart, Bond ct, Walbrook, Wine Merchant. June 5 at 3 at 262, High Holborn. Pearse, Thomas, New Swindon, Wilts, Bootmaker. June 5 at 10 at office of Boodle, Staniland, Cheapside

Albion bldgs, New Swindon Burr, Henry, Maidstone, Painter. June 3 at 11 at office of Stenning, Earl st, Maid. Pink, William Sabine, Fareham, Coachmaker. June 8 at 12 at office of Morris, Mitre stone

ct, Temple Buxton, Thomas, Radcliffe on Trent, Nottingham, Builder. June 12 at 12 at office of

Potter, Edward, Ilkeston, Derby, Grocer. June 12 at 11 at office of Thurman and Fraser, Wheeler gate, Nottingham

Slack, Bath st, Ilkeston Carter, Thomas William, Wolverhampton, Stafford, Butcher. June 13 at 3 at offices of Quayle, Charles, Liverpool, Joiner. June 9 at 3 at office of Seaman, Seymour st, Willcock, North st. Wolverhampton

Liverpool Clayton, Henry, and Mary Ann Clayton, Leeds, Confectioners. June 7 at 1 at offices of Robson, John Henry, Glossop, Derby, Chemist. June 12 at 3 at office of Simpson and Rook and Midgley, White Horse st, Boar lane, Leeds

Hockin. Mount st, Albert sq Clifford, James William, Cambridge rd, Mile End, Licensed Victualler, June 23 at 2 Sadd, Ch les, Hollingsworth st, Holloway, Timber Merchant. June 12 at 1 at Law et offices of Nash and Field, Queen st, Cheapside

Institution, Chancery lane. Smith, Staple inn Colcock, William Henry, Devonport, Devon, Cook. June 8 at 12 at office of Huchings, Sanderson, James, Colby rd, Lambeth, Licensed Victualler. June 6 at 12 at office of St Aubyn st, Devonport

Allen, Southampton bidgs, Chancery lane Cook, Edward, Luton, Bedford, Straw Hat Manufacturer. June 8 at 3 at Red Lion Schartan, Richard Henric Barfotte, Peckham, Commercial Clerk. June 8 at 12 at office Hotel, Castle st, Luton. Miller and Co, Luton, Beds

of Stoneham and Co, Philpot lane Cooke, George, Bradford, Provision Merchant. 'June 12 at 11 at offices of Terry and Schmitz, Connop Leonhard, Ealing Dean, Gent. June 15 at 12 at office of Sheard, Co, Market st, Bradford

Union ct, Old Broad st Cooke, Thomas, Woolwich, Haberdasher. June 9 at 3 at offices of Sampson, Parson's Simons, Edwin, Birmingham, Bricklayer. June 10 at 11 at office of Robinson, Cherry hill, Woolwich

st, Birmingham Crossley, John, and Lewis Crossley, Halifax, Dyers. June 7 at 3 at the White Lion Skinner, Alfred, Anley rd, Hammersmith, Builder, June 7 at 12 at office of Knight Hotel, Halifax. Kerr, Halifax

and Ravenhill, New Broad st Davies, William, Dolgelly, Merioneth, Commission Agent. June 13 at 11 at the Court Songhurst, Jabez, Altrincham, Chester, Joiner. June 9 at 3 at Royal Hotel, Mosley st, house, Aberystwith

Manchester. Atkinson and Co, Manchester Day, Robert, Queen Victoria st, Licensed Victualler. June 13 at 2 at the Law Institu- Spurrier, William James, Birmingham, Publisher. June 9 at 3 at ofice of Southall, tion, Chancery lane. Mackeson and Co, Lincoln's inn fields

Waterloo st, Birmingham Duko, Arthur, Sheffield, Builder, June 6 at 11 at the Law Society, Hoole's chbrs, Bank Stones, Alfred, Leeds, Lime Merchant. June 8 at 3 at office of Granger, Bank st, st, Sheffield. Rodgers and Co

Leeds Edmonson, James, Sale, Chester, out of business. June 8 at 3 at offices of Gaunt and Tatam, Robert William, Liverpool, Butcher. June 14 at 3 at offices of Jones and Co, Grainger, Queen's chbrs, John Dalton st

Church_st, Liverpool.' Faithwaite, Liverpool Edmundson, William, Blackburn, Builder. June 14 at 2.30 at offices of Cooper, North. Thorley, Joseph, Exeter, Professor of Music. June 8 at 3 at the offices of Friend, Post gate, Blackburn

Office chmbrs, Gandy st. Exeter Edwards, James Maclean, Treorky, Glamorgan, Draper. June 8 at 1 at 89, Broad st, Thrale, Thomas, Weathampstead, Herts, Baker. June 9 at 1 at Cock Hotel, St Peter's Bristol. Price, Pontypridd

st. St Albans. Ody, Blackfriars rd Evans, David, Llanelly, Carmarthen, Grocer. June 13 at 11 at offices of Howell, Step. Tibbetts, Edward Thomas, South st, Clerkenwell, Lithographic Printer. June 3 at 1 at ney st, Llanelly

offices of Marshall, Chancery lane Evans, William, Newcastle under Lyme, Stafford, Picture Frame Maker. June 6 at 11

Townsend, Charles, Birmingham, Stamper. June 9 at 11 at offices of Jackson and at offices of Griffith, Newcastle under Lyme

Sharpe, High st, West Bromwich Eynon, David, 'Tredegar, Monmouth, Draper. June 9 at 11 at offices of Shepard, Queen Tyson, Aaron, Ulverston, Lancaster, Joiner. June 8 at 11 at Temperance Hall, Ulver. Et, Tredegar

Park'and Mansfield, Barrow-in-Furness Fanshawe, Henry Horatio, Founders' Hall, St Swithin's lane, Solicitor. June 5 at 11 at Walton, Mary Jane, Kingston-upon-Hull, Brushmaker. June 8 at 3 at offices of Jordeson offices of Chamberlain, Basinghall st

and Whiteing, County bldgs, Kingston-upon-Hull Fenard, Thomas, Llanelly, Carmarthen, Shipbroker. June 13 at 11 at offices of Howell, Watson, William, Shifnal, Salop, Moulder. June 3 at 4.30 at Tweedale Inn, Madeley Stepney st, Llanelly

White, Edwin Abraham, Chippenham, Wilts, Cooper, June 10 at 12 at offices of Phil. Finch, David, Lavender rd, Enfield, Builder. June 8 at 3 at offices of Benham, Gt lips, Chippenham James st, Bedford row

Wilkinson, John, Whitchurch, Salop, Farmer. June 12 at 1 at Crown Hotel, Nantwich. Flitton, John, Salcot rd, Wandsworth, Builder. June 12 at 3 at offices of Hulbert, Etches, Whitchurch Coleman st

Wilson, Thomas, and Charles Henry Wilson, Leeds, Confectioners. June 7 at 3 at office Fogwill, Harry, Portsmouth, of no occupation. June 6 at 11 at offices of Casey, St of Scatcherd and Hopkins, Albion st, Leeds George's sq, Portsea. Bramsdon, Portsea

Yates, Charles, Hartington rd, South Lambeth, Plumber. June 12 at 1 at offices of Ford, George, Rochester, Tailor. June 6 at 3 at 22, High st, Chatham. Norman, Moss, Gracechurch st Chatham

TUESDAY, May 30, 1892. Goodrede, Mary Ann, Tipton, Stafford, Beerhouse Keeper. June 8 at 11 at the George Ball, Thomas, Newark-upon-Trent, Nottingham, Grocer, June 22 at 1 at Ram Inn, Hotel, Bilston. Bowen, Bilston

Newark-upon-Trent, Bescoby, East Retford Gorvin, George Henry, Abergavenny, Saddler. June 14 at 12 at offices of Sayce and Balson, Thomas Halse, Poole, Dorset, Grocer, June 9 at 1 at Red Lion Hotel, Salisbury. Baker, Lion st, Abergavenny

Trevanion, Poole Gosling, Henry, Waltham Cross, Hertford, Stone Mason. June 8 at 11 at offices of Barber, William, Liversedge, York, Currier. June 12 at 3 at Queen Hotel, Westgate, Benham, Gt James st, Bedford row

Heckmondwike. Mitcheson, Heckmondwike Gregory, Edward, Tiverton, Devon, Grocer. June 15 at 11 at offices of Walker and Barden, George, Beckley, Sussex, Blacksmith. June 7 at 11 at offices of Hayles, High Battiscombe, Water lane, Gt Tower st. Cockram, Tiverton

st, Rye Hall, Walter Henry, Bristol, Confectioner. June 9 at 11 at office of Linley, Bank of Barron, Norman, Manchester, Solicitor, June 20 at 11 at offices of Addleshaw and WarEngland chbrs, Broad st, Bristol. Peters, Bristol

burton, Norfolk st, Manchester Harries, David Griffith, Promenade, Camberwell, Draper. June 12 at 2 at offices of Boyes and Child, Poultry. Kent, Bucklersbury

Beoston, Thomas, Newark-upon-Trent, Nottingham, Currier. June 19 at 3 at offices of

Norman, Mdidle pavement, Nottingham Harris, Edwin, Chester, Grocer. June 13 at 12 at Angel Hotel, Dale st, Liverpool, Bibby, Sarah, Manchester, Confectioner. June 14 al 3 at 103, Piccadilly. Greaves, Churton, Chester

Manchester Hatton, Thomas, Derby, Grocer. June 12 at 12 at offices of Robotham, St Alkmund's Brook, John, Sampford Courtenay, Devon, Retired Farmer. June 13 at 11 at offices of Churchyard, Derby

Hirtzel, Bedford circus, Exeter Hangban, William, Kirkoswald, Cumberland, Miller. June 9 at 2.30 at office of Arnison, Brown, Alexander Grieve, Hartlepool, Durham, Provision Dealer. June 9 at 3 30 at St Andrew's pl, Penrith

offices of Todd and Harrison, Town wall, Hartlepool Hawthorn, Elwin, Catherine ct e thing lane, Lighterman. June 5 at 3 at Guildhall Bullock, Thomas, Wolverhampton, Stafford, Traveller. June 12 at 12 at offices of Eagle. Tavern, Gresham st. Keepe Brycen, Mark lane

ton, Queen st, Wolverhampton

ston.

Burton, John Wesley, Liverpool, Bookbinder. June 13 at 3 at office of Jones and Pride, Mynn, John, St Leonard's-on-Sea, Sussex, Boot Dealer. June 8 at 3 at offices of Neve, North John st, Liverpool

Norman rd, St Leonard's-on-Sea Cant, Elijah, Steeple, Essex, Baker. June 7 at 2 at Blue Boar Hotel, Maldon. Jones Norton, Josiah Davenport, Derby, 'Solicitor. June 20 at 3 at office of Hoxtall, Full st,

and ('o, Colchester
Castiglioni, Louis, Doncaster, Merchant. June 5 at office of Lewis and Lewis, Ely pl, Owen, Thomas, Llanidloes, Montgomery, Flannel Manufacturer. Jane 9 at 3 at office

Derby
Holborn, in lieu of the place originally named
Chambers, Charles, Grange rd, Kentish Town, Grocer. June 14 at 2 at office of Cummins, of Woosnam, the Bank, Newtown
Union ct, Old Broad st

Parrott, Thomas, Banner st, St Lukes, Cardboard Manufacturer. June 8 at ofice Clark, Robert, Jewin crescent, Jewin st. Ostrich Feather Manufacturer. June 20 at 12 of Poole, 83, Gresham st, in lieu of the place originally named at office of Beard and Sons, Basinghall st

Partridge, Sarah Ann, HuddersfiJld, York, Milliner. June 12 at 3 at office of Booth, Collins, Thomas, Oldbury, Worcester, Licensed Victualler. June 11 at 11 at office of John William st, Huddersfield Shakespeare, Church st, Oldbury

Pepper, William, Newington Causeway, Southwark. Brush Maker. June 13 at 4 at Constantine, Zephaniah, Bradford, Merchant. June 10 at 10 at 12, Piccadilly, Bradford. office of Clulow, Gracechurch st Wilkinson, Bradford

Perry, Thomas, Buursledon, Southampton, Farmer. June 8 at 12 at office of Guy, Conway, Matthew, Shudehill, Manchester, Smallware Merchant. June 16 at 12 at office Albion ter, Southampton of Bates and Co, Market st, Manchester

Pidwell, John Inch, Devonport, Devon, Butcher. June 13 at 12 at office of Sole and Coxen, James, Birmingham, Butcher. June 12 at 11 at office cf Peet, Newball st, Bir. Gill, St Aubyn st, Devonport mingham

Ricketts, James, Walsall, Stafford, Publican. June 9 at 11.30 at office of Sheldon, Dickinson, William, Upper st, Licensed Victualler, June 26 at 12 at office of Nash and

High st, Wednesbury Field, Queen st, Cheapside

Rogers, Charles, Newnham st, Marylebone, no occupation. June 6 at 2 at Masons' Dormer, Sarah Ann, Warwick, Hotel Keeper, June 15 at 1 at Bowling Green Hotel, Hall Tavern, Masons' averue, Basinghall st. Astley, Cliffords-inn Warwick. Lane

Russell, William, and James Horsborough, Whitoy, York, Grocers. June 6 at 2.30 at Emmerson, Thomas Cant, Stockton on Tees, Auctioneer. June 12 at 11 at office of

office of Draper, Finkle st, Stockton-on-Tees Newby and Co, Finkle st, Stockton on Tees Evans, Hampden, Brighton, Licensed Victualler. June 12 at 3 at office of Lamb and

Salomos, Mark, Commercial rd, Peckham, Commission Agent. June 8 at 10 at New Evett, Ship st, Brighton

Exchange buildings, George yard, Lombard st. Rawlins, Poultry chmbrs, Queen

Victoria st
Grant, Henry, Eastbourne, Sussex, Coal Merchant. June 9 at 12 at 6ta, Terminus rd
Eastbourne. Dearle anıl Edgeworth, Eastbourne

Seager, William, Leominster, Hereford, Fish Merchant. June 13 at 3 at office of Moore, Green, Daniel, Coldharbour In, Brixton, Linen Draper. June 9 at 3 at Guildhall Tavern, Seaman, Robert, Gt Clacton, Essex, Painter. June 12 at 11 at George Hotel, Colches.

Corn sq, Leominster
Gresham st. Sturt, Southwark chmbrs, Southwark st, Borough
Hammond, William, St Leonard's on Sea, Sussex, June 7 at 12 at office of Neve, Nor.

ter. Sutthery, Clacton-on-Sea man rd, St Leonard's on Sca

Smith, George, Mansfield, Nottingham, Grocer. June 12 at 3 at Midland Hotel, Mans. Hamnett, John William, Handsworth, Stafford, Stamper. June 12 at 3 at office of Parr Stacey, Susannah, Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, Jeweller. June 12 at 2 at office of

field. Clifton, Nottingham and Hayes, Colmore row, Birmingham Harber, George, Ryde, Isle of Wight, Shoemaker. June 2 at 2 at office of Fardell and

Horton and Co, Newhall st, Birmingham

Stanwix, William, Wakefield, York, Shopkeeper. June 9 at 11 at office of Lake and Dashwood, Market st, Ryde Hartshorne, William, Walsall, Coal Master. June 10 at 11 at office of Baker, Market pl, Tanner, Joseph Baskerville, Worcester, Grocer.

Lake, Wakefield Willenhall

June 12 at 11 at office of Tree, High Hayes, Daniel, Crown rd, Fulham, Oil and Colour Man. June 7 at 3 at office of Morley, Taylor, Thomas Broadbent, Brymbo, nr Wrexham, Denbigh, Publican. June 11 at

Cheapside
Heywood, Lees, Oldham, Lancaster, General Dealer. June 14 at 3 at Mitre Hotel, Cathe- 12 at office of Bradley, Hope st, Wrexham
dral gates, Manchester. Watson, Oldham

Vandenbergh, Julius Arnoldus Ryke, Portsmouth. Hants, Coal Merchant. June 9 at
Hill, Henry George, King st, Baker st, Licensed Victualler. June 9 at 11 at office cf 12.30 at office of Edmunds and Co, Cheapside. Feltham, Portsea
Lindus and Bicknell, Cheapside

Waller, William, Gt Grimsby, Lincoln, Builder. June 13 at 1 at Ship Inn, Pottergate, Hill, Thomas, Steeple Aston, Oxford, Butcher. June 12 at 11 at the Crown and Cushio

Gt Grimsby. Turner, Beverley Hotel, ('hipping Norton. Kilby and Mace, Chipping Norton

Weale, William, Newport, Salop, Builder, June 17 at 12 at Crewe Arms Hotel, Crewe. Hills, John, Horsham, Sussex, Draper. June 14 at 3 at the Bridge House Hotel, London Carrane, Wellington Bridge. Medwin and Co, Horsham

Webster, William, Bradford, Butcher. June 14 at 11 at office of Margerison, Swan Hollinshead, John, Alsager, Chester, Earthenware Manufacturer. June 14 at 4.30 at the

arcade, Market st, Bradford North Stafford Hotel, Stoke-upon-Trent. Hamshaw and Stanbury, Hanley

Wenham, George David, Manchester, Bookseller. June 13 at 3 at office of Lees and Holman, Joseph, Bradworthy, Devon, Farmer. June 15 at 2 at offices of Smale, Bath Graham, King st, Manchester. Johnson, Manchester House, Bideford

Whatmore, William, Hartlebury, Worcester, Farme: June 15 at 3 at office of ThursHolmes, Charles, Tunstall, Stafford, Earthenware Mannfacturer. June 14 at 4.30 at

field, Swan st, Kidderminster the North Staffordshire Hotel, Stoke-upon-Trent. Hamshaw and Stanbury, Hanley Winkworth, Stephen Kent, Margate, Lieutenant in Military Train Service. June 11 at Hughes, Thomas, Llanbadarn fawr, Cardigan, Farmer. June 10 at 11 at oflices of 12 at office of Sankeys and (o, ('astle st, Canterbury

Hughes, Pier st, Aberystwith
James, John, Burslem, Stafford, Baker. June 10 at 11 at offices of Welch, Caroline st,

Longton
Jeffery, Eli, Stanley, near Wakefield, York, Grocer, June 15 at 12.30 at the George

CONTENTS.
Hotel, Wakefield. Foster and Raper
Jenkins, Albert Edward, Bristol, Trunk Maker. Jung 11 at 12 at ofices of Mosely,
Shannon ct, Corn st, Bristol

CURRENT TOPICS ......

........ 475

Henty v. Wrey...... Johnson, Richard Sheraton, and Thomas Mitchelson Reay, Stockton-on-Tees, Durham, INTEREST DISQUALIFYING FOR JUDr. In re The Capital Fire Insurance ('olliery Owners. June 13 at 2.30 at the Queen Hotel, Zetland rd, Middlesborough. CIAL FUNCTIONS

477 Association (Limited) Hoyle and Co, Newcasile-on-Tyne

BANKRUPTCY OF PERSONS WHO HAVE TIE LATE LORD JUSTICE HOLKER .... 18 Jolly, James, Wick lane, Victoria pk, Builder. Juno 14 at 2 at offices of Courtenay and CEASED TO TRADE

478 LAW STUDENTS' JOURNAL Croome, Gracechurch st

CORRESPONDENCE

LEGAL APPOINTMENTS ............ Jones, Charles Birmingham, Builder. June 12 at 11 at offices of Rowlands, Colmore

CA: E OF THE WEEK

COMPANIES row, Birmingham

Williams v. Mercier

479 CREDITORS' CLAIMS Kay, John, Preston, Lancaster, Hair Dresser. June 12 at 12 at offices of Charnley,

Little v. The Kingswood and Park. LEGAL NEWS Winckley st, Preston

burst Colliery Company

479 LEGISLATION OF THE WEEK ........... 481 Lawley, James, Bilston, Stafford, out of business. June 10 at 11 at the Globe Hotel,

Ford v. Kettle

480 COURT PAPERS ........ Mount Pleasant, Bilston. Fellows, Bilston

Hilliard v. Hanson
450 LONDON GAZETTES, &c., &C..........

484 Little, James, Reading, Berks, Auctioneer. June 10 at 3 at offices of Newman, Friar st,

Reading
Lord, Charles, Edmond, Twerton-on-Avon, Somerset. June 15 at 11 at No. 11, Twerton

Notices to CORRESPONDENTS.-All communications int ended for publication Machin, Stephen, Stockton-on-Tees, General Dealer. June 6 at 11 at officos of Draper, in the Solicitors' JOURNAL must be authenticated by the name and address of Finkle st, Stockton-on-Tees

the writer. Marfleet, William Benjamin, Finchley, Grocer. June 14 at 3 at offices of Cook and Smith, Adelaide bldgs, London Bridge. Tanner

The Editor does not hold himself responsible for the return of rejected communiMorrow, Nicholas, Sadberge, near Darlington, Hay Dealer. June 12 at 11 at offices of

cations.
Draper, Finkle st, Stockton-on-Tees
Moy, William, Brighton, Fruiterer. June 8 at 12 at offices of Maynard, North st,
Brighton

The Publisher requests that early application should be made by persons Myhill, George Godfrey, Guist, Norfolk, Grocer. June 14 at 3 at offices of Cates and desirous of obtaining back numbers of the SOLICITORS' JOURNAL, as only a small Bates, Swan st, Fakenham

number of copies remain on hand.

... 479

483

HEWETSON, THEXTON, & PEART,

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OBSERVATIONS on the CONVEYANC

LIAM, late of Exeter Hall, and Teacher of consider- ING ard LAW OF PROPERTY ACT, and the Chapter on Accident Insurance. By CHARLES

SOLICITORS REMUNERATION ACT, 1881. Written (RAWLEY, M.A., of Lincoln’s-im, Esq., Barrister-at- ensuring rapid progress-to-members of the Legatipro specially for Students, showing Clearly the effect of enero

fession and others at his own or pupil's residence any London : WM, CLOWES & Sons, Limited, 27, Fleet-street, evening from 7 o'clock – For particulars, address or apply GIBSON and ROBERT M'LEAN, Solicitors.

section of the Act on the existing law. By ALBERT E.C. to 2, Sidmouth-street, W.O.

Publishers : Reeves & TURNER, 100, Chancery-lane.

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LONDON, JUNE 10, 1882.

THE DECISION IN Williams v. Mercier, which was overruled in CURRENT TOPICS.

a somewhat summary and impolite manner by the Court of Appeal (ante, p. 479), was one of those misadventures which now and then occur to judges who have never prepared or pro

fessionally perused a marriage settlement. It is perhaps a little IN CONSEQUENCE of the absence of Vice-Chancellor HALL difficult to understand how even the “fairly intelligent layman,” from illness all the causes and matters assigned to him have been to whom an esteemed correspondent was so desirous of submitting transferred, by order of court, to Mr. Justice Kay, who will the interpretation of a certain provision of the Conveyancing Act) proceed with Vice-Chancellor Hall's motions, petitions, and could fail to understand that a provision in a settlement declaring adjourned summonses on the usual days, but will sit in his own that jewels should belong to the wife for her separate use, must court.

have some little operation on the ownership of the jewels, and

their liability to be taken in execution for the debt of the wife THE LIST of the Appeal Court, published since our last issue, the Lord Chief Justice that the jewels declared by the settlement

contracted before marriage; and the jury, who were directed by exhibits an increase in the number of cases which we had not anticipated. It contains 58 appeals from the Chancery Division, to belong to the wife for her separate use were the property of 103 from the Queen's Bench Division, 16 from the Probate, perplexity as to the meaning of separate use, unless, indeed, they

the husband, must have gone home in a state of considerable Divorce, and Admiralty Division, and 9 bankruptcy appeals, arrived at the conclusion that the husband, although the owner of making a total of 186 appeals.

his wife's ear-rings, could not wear them. But no doubt something must be allowed for the hurry and bustle of a jury trial.

The wonder is that a divisional court should have taken the same THE APPOINTMENT of Mr. Day, Q.C., to the vacant judgeship view of the operation, or non-operation, of the settlement. As has been a surprise to the profession. His great common sense, the jewels are stated to have been “alleged to be the separate ability and experience render it safe to predict that he will property of the wife” at the time of the levying of the execution, make what is known as a very good Nisi Prius judge. There is it does not appear possible that the provision in the settlement an impression, however, that, valuable as these qualities are, can have been overlooked. What, then, can be the view of the something more is needed at present on the bench of the High judges as to the doctrine of separate use ? Court, and that it would be well if judges of first instance were selected from members of the bar, distinguished, not merely as able advocates, but also as lawyers of great learning.

IT HAS BEEN STATED by the Duke of WESTMINSTER that, by

reason of the use of a new brake on the Metropolitan District THE CAUSE LIST of the Chancery Division shows the increase Railway, many of the leasehold houses in Pimlico, of which he is we ventured during last sittings to anticipate. The causes set ground landlord, have been so severely shaken as to be in great down before Vice-Chancellor Bacon number 93; those before danger of falling, and it has been suggested in some quarters that Vice-Chancellor Hall, 101; those before Mr. Justice Fry, 104; lants ; Brand, Respondent (L. R. 4 H. L. 171), that no compensa

the well-known rule of Hammersmith Railway Company, Apelthose before Mr. Justice Kay, 152 ; and those before Mr. Justice tion is recoverable for damage, such as vibration, noise, and CHITTY, 186; making a grand total of 636 causes in the Chancery smoke, which may arise from the working (as distinct from the Division. At the commencement of the Easter Sittings there were 615, and a year ago there were only 446. That the existing damage is caused.

construction) of a railway, does not apply to a case where structural

No doubt in Brand's case no structural staff of judges of first instance can adequately deal with this mass of work, in addition to the large amount of interlocutory business between structural and other damage, but none of the judgments

damage was done, and in argument a distinction was drawn which occupies at least two days in each week, appears hopeless, of the peers, or the opinions of the judges delivered for the guidespecially as Mr. Justice Fry will be absent for a long time on

ance of the House, favour the drawing of any such distinction, circuit, and Vice Chancellor Hall is disabled by illness.

and we very greatly doubt whether it is maintainable in principle. It is, however, worth while to mention that the opinion of the

majority of the judges was against the ruling in Brand's case, THE BILL to extend and improve the Middlesex Registry, and that Lord CAIRNS emphatically dissented from that judgment. brought in by Mr. Hopwood, to which we referred last week, It is material to point out that the Metropolitan (Inner Circle) has been printed; and provides, as we anticipated, that the Completion Act, î874 (37 & 38 Vict. c. cxxix.), contains a section district shall be divided into sub-districts, and that a separate expressly drawn to avoid the effect of Brand's case. Section 39 of division of the register shall be kept for each sub-district; also that Act enacts that “the company shall make proper compensathat the index shall be so framed as to furnish references to places tion to the owners

for any structural or other injury of as well as to persons, and shall, as far as practicable, be based on the like nature which may, from the execution of the works, or in the Ordnance Survey, “and shall, as far as practicable, be com- connection with the railway, result” to certain premises, “either pleted up to the latest date.” It is very much to be hoped that by the lessening of the amount of support which such premises this provision will be inserted in the Government Bill. The Bill now receive from the soil which must be removed in the execution further provides for the extension of the district of the registry of such works, or from the vibration or oscillation caused by the to the City of London and all parishes and places mentioned in working or otherwise [sic] of the said railway,” but the section schedules A., B., and C. to the Metropolis Management Act, also provides that the company shall not be liable to make com1855." We think it questionable whether this proposal is pensation for damage not occurring within three years after the advisable at present; the prejudice against the registry as now railway shall have been completed or open for traffic. The railorganized will lead to strong opposition to the extension of its way not being open, this section has not yet been put into force, district, and it would seem to be wiser to postpone such extension and we do not believe that it will have a very extensive application. until registration and searches have been made more con- The principal importance of the clause consists in its forming a venient.

precedent for that amendment of the Lands Clauses Act which

s dis

as well

Brand's case has shown to be so urgently required. As was said and except in the case of the fast disappearing turnpike roads, no
by Baron BRAMWELL, when advising the House of Lords in such statutory authority exists. So it has been stated by a high-
Brand's case (L. R. 4 H. L. at p. 192), “it is absurd to suppose way auditor in Leicestershire, who, in auditing the highway
that it can have been intended [by Parliament] that if a house accounts, disallowed certain payments of a district highway
was damaged to the extent of one pound a year by its light and board for painting and lettering the milestones upon a
air being diminished, compensation should be given, and that it turnpiked road” which vested in them, we presume as a "main
should not be given when the damage was ten times as great, road," under the provisions of the Highways and Locomotives
but was caused by the noise and vibration of the trains.”

Act, 1878. An appeal was had to the Local Government
Board, who, although they were “prepared to remit the dis-

allowance in the exercise of the equitable jurisdiction conLORD BRAMWELL has introduced a Bill to extend the jurisdic-ferred upon them,” gave it as their opinion that “the auditor tion of justices in quarter sessions to cases of burglary and arrived at a lawful decision.” We have reluctantly come to the forgery. It has over and over again been pointed out that many same conclusion, although the Highway Acts are not quite so clear cases of burglary are of a very trumpery description, and are upon the point as has been supposed. The 24th section of the practically undistinguishable from cases of ordinary larceny. Highway Act, 1835, enacts that “the surveyor of every parish Nerertheless, the time of the judges is taken up at assizes by

shall

cause (where there are no such stones or trying them. The same considerations may, perhaps, be said to posts) to be erected or fixed in the most convenient place, where apply to cases of forgery, though we should have thought that two or more ways meet, a stone or post, with inscriptions thereon cases of forgery were more frequently of a difficult nature, involv- in large legible letters not less than one inch in height, ing the desirability of a judge's guidance and direction of the containing the name of the next market town, jury. Still there may be trumpery and comparatively simple cases as stones or posts to mark the boundaries of the highway, containof forgery. It is also no doubt the case that there are burglaries ing the name of the parish where situate,

and the said and forgeries of greater gravity, or involving more difficulty, which surveyor shall be reimbursed the expenses” of providing and keepit might be desirable to bring before the judge. It is, therefore, ing in repair such stones, posts, &c.; and the 72nd section imposes proposed by the Bill to give a discretion to the committing magis- a penalty on any person who “shall pull down, destroy, obliterate, trates to commit either to assizes or quarter sessions. The object or deface any milestone or post, graduated or direction post or of the proposed measure is, no doubt, desirable, and in the present stone on any highway.” It might be argued from these two deadlock of all legislative business, except that relating to Ireland, sections that the limitation of place for the stones to a spot where it may, perhaps, be thought well to provide for this particular two roads meet is directory only; that on the application of the point by a short measure, but we are not altogether satisfied with principle, de minimis non curat lex, stones might be erected to serve this piecemeal kind of legislation. The question how far the for milestones only, and that the imposition of a penalty for present arrangements for business, both criminal and civil, could defacing milestones shows that it was the clear intention of the be with advantage modified, so as to economize the time of the Legislature that milestones should be erected; but we think, on judges, is a general question of importance, and should, if possible, the whole, that the 72nd section applies 'only to milestones be dealt with as a whole. We are not without scruples as to the erected (as by some local Duke of Argyll, of whom the song runs provision giving the choice of the tribunal to the committing that he placed a stone at every mile) otherwise than under the magistrates. Some country gentlemen might be apt to consider supervision of the highway authorities, and that the rule expressio quarter sessions a better tribunal than assizes for the transaction unius exclusio alterius governs the construction of the 24th section. of business—viz., the conviction of prisoners who, in their eyes, At places where two roads meet, however, we cannot but think are always to be presumed guilty. The committing magistrate in that the de minimis rule would

apply, and that distances, as well the country is a member of the Court of Quarter Sessions, and it as names of parishes and directions, may be marked on the stones seems rather anomalous, when ex hypothesi he is not competent to try or posts there fixed, as indeed we have frequently found to be the a case, to give him a discretion to say whether it is to be tried case in Norfolk and other counties. It might be expected that probefore him. It seems to us that a reform of the composition of vision for the milestones would be made in the very numerous annual the Court of Quarter Sessions is needed, and that the question of Turnpike Acts Continuance Acts which have been passed from time such reform ought to come under discussion with, and necessarily to time, but such is not the case. The Act of 1870 (33 & 34 forms part of, any general measure with regard to the re-distribu- Vict. c. 73), s. 12, provides for river-bridges on disturnpiked roads, tion of criminal business. If competent professional men were the and the Act of 1872 (35 & 36 Vict. c. 85),

provides for a chairmen of quarter sessions, not only could the particular crimes casus omissus in relation to the section of the Railways Clauses Act, under discussion be handed over to the sessions, but probably 1845, which deal with railway bridges; but milestones have been other crimes which now occupy the judges at assizes. We see as yet forgotten. It is to be hoped that the Annual Turnpike Act that Lord DERBY, in laying the foundation stone of a new county Continuance Act of 1882 will repair the omission.

Meanwhile, it sessions house at Liverpool lately, discussed this topic. Though should be borne in mind that the Local Government Board have hé deprecated the abolition of the unpaid magistracy of the no power to issue a general order on the subject. Each time that country and the substitution of a costly army of stipendiaries, he, the charge is found upon the highway accounts, the auditor must nevertheless, felt himself obliged to admit that he had come to disallow it. The accounts are sent in “balanced to the 25th day the conclusion that the chairman of the sessions ought to be a of March” in every year to the Local Government Board under professional man. That this conclusion should be enunciated in section 9 of the Highway Act, 1878. Any person aggrieved by the course of a speech strongly favourable to the system of un- the auditor's decision has, by that section, all the rights he would paid magistrates, as a whole, is the more striking. The speaker have under a poor law audit. To see what these are, we must go also connected this topic with the extension of the jurisdiction of to the Poor Law Audit Act, 1848 (11 & 12 Vict. c. 91), which, the sessions, so as to relieve the judges at assizes. We are not by section 4 (read with the Local Government Act, 1871, and the cor cerned at present to discuss the larger question raised by Lord Poor Law Amendment Act, 1866, s. 5), gives to the Local GovernDERBY as to whether all magistrates should be professional men. ment Board a power, “if they shall find” that any disallowance There are difficulties and disadvantages that might possibly pre has been lawfully made, but that “the subject-matter thereof was ponderate over the advantages of such a change. With regard incurred under such circumstances as make it fair and equitable to the appointment of professional chairmen of quarter sessions that the disallowance should be remitted,” to make an order in we have so often and so fully expressed our views on that subject, writing “that the same shall be remitted”:-which is the that it is unnecessary to do more than say that we are very glad equitable jurisdiction " exercised in favour of the Leicestershire to find the question brought before the public in a manner favour

milestones. able to the solution we have always advocated.

It is illegal to set up, or even to paint and letter, milestones Friday, was attacked by a stroke of paralysis. His condition has since

Vice-Chancellor Hall, while walking bome to his bodae in Bayswater on on a highway without a special statutory authority in that behalf ; somewhat improved.

“ If you

such terms, if any,” as the judge may think fit. The judge, even ADDITIONAL RENT UPON BREACH OF if not inimical to forfeiture generally, may attach a very different COVENANT.

importance to breaches of covenant to that which the landlord

attaches to them. There can be little doubt that when the operaThe decision of the Court of Appeal in Weston v. Managers of tion of section 14 of the Conveyancing Act has become known, the Metropolitan Asylum District (30 W. R. 623) points out to landlords will instruct their legal advisers to obtain some increased intending lessors a means of securing the performance of security for the observance of covenants to which they attach covenants of which it is probable they will not be slow to avail special importance. This increased security is to be obtained by themselves. As our readers know, the only leases in which it the reservation in the reddendum of an increased rent on breach has hitherto been very usual to reserve an increased rent in case of of the covenant, together with the insertion in the lease of a proviso breach of covenant are agricultural leases, in which it has, in for re-entry on non-payment of any rent reserved in the lease or many parts of the country, become a matter of common form to

on breach of any covenant. The additional rent may be made so reserve an increased rent for every acre of old grass land which large as to be practically prohibitory, and so the landlord, in the the lessee ploughs up or converts into tillage. Probably the irre- case of a solvent tenant, will be independent of the proviso for parable injury which might formerly, in many cases, be caused to the re-entry; the benefit of which, however, he will be able to obtain landlord by the act upon which the increased rent is made pay- in case his tenant fails to pay the additional rent when it has able, furnishes a sufficient explanation of the introduction of become due. The answer to any objection by the lessee to the this provision in agricultural leases. It came into vogue at an insertion of the reservation of additional rent is obvious. early period, and is to be found in precedent books published at observe your covenant, you will never have to pay the increased the close of the seventeenth century, a time when farmers relied rent.” much more for the winter food of their cattle upon old meadow hay The points to be observed by the practitioner are (1) that the han they do now, and when, consequently, it was of the utmost covenant must be framed exactly as if there were no reservation importance to the landlord to preserve all the old meadow land. of additional rent on breach of it, and (2) that such reservation Having once become a common form in farm leases the provision must be made in the reddendum, and not, as is sometimes the case, held its place; for a clause in these leases is very much like the at the end of the covenant. sentinel still placed on the spot where the Empress Catherine stationed a sentinel to watch her snowdrops—it retains its place long after the reason for it has disappeared. But for this it is probable that the changes in agricultural arrangements, and the singular doctrine laid down in Woodward v. Gyles (2 Vern. 119),

OVERHEAD WIRES. and affirmed in Legh v. Lillie (9 W. R. 55, 6 É. & N. 165)—that Tue Select Committee of the House of Commons appointed to (at any rate under the form of provision adopted in those considerthe various Electric Lighting Bills introduced in the present cases), on payment of the increased rent the lessee was at liberty session has recommended (inter alia) that all wires necessary for to do the act on the doing of which the increased rent became such undertakings should be laid underground. We think that payable—would have led to the abandonment of the provision. It this recommendation will be received with satisfaction, and have may be that the first-named decision had some effect in preventing no doubt of its ultimate adoption. In the meantime, however, it the extension of the provision to other kinds of leases and other may be well to consider what are the rights, if any, of the public acts of waste. But a more potent reason was doubtless that the to protection from the many overhead wires which already cross the landlord, until recently, needed no other remedy against breaches streets of London and other towns in every direction. Can anyof covenant than the summary and effectual remedy given by the body prevent these wires being so placed, and, when they are so proviso for re-entry. Moreover, it seemed doubtful whether the placed, is there any remedy for injury caused by their fall ? result of the reservation of the additional rent might not be to With regard to the rights of property, it is well known that prevent the operation of the proviso for re-entry. If the result of land in its legal signification has an indefinite extent upwards. the reservation was that the lessee, on payment of the additional The odd ruling of Lord Ellenborough in Pickering v. Rudd (4 rent, was at liberty to do the act on which such rent became Camp. 219), upon the maxim cujus est solum ejus est usque

ad payable, it seemed to follow that such act could not be a breach of cælum" being cited in an action of trespass for nailing a board covenant within the proviso for re-entry.

on the defendant's fence so as to overhang the plaintiff's own This was the point which came up for decision in Weston garden, that it was no trespass to interfere with the column of air v. Managers of the Metropolitan Asylum District. A lease superincumbent on the close, inasmuch as, if it was, it would contained a covenant by the lessee against carrying on certain follow that an aeronaut was liable to an action of trespass at the trades, and a proviso for re-entry upon breach of any of the suit of the occupier of every field over which his balloon might covenants in the lease. The reddendum reserved an additional pass, has never, so far as we are aware, been applied to deprive the yearly rent in case the lessee should carry on any of the prohibited owner of the soil of any practical rights. Apart from an Act of trades. It was contended that the lessee might carry on the pro- Parliament, the old rule is unshaken. We shall see presently that hibited trades if he paid the additional rent, and that no forfeiture in dealing with overhead wires which it has permitted telegraph was thereby incurred for breach of covenant; but both the Queen's companies to establish, the Legislature has by no means lost sight of Bench Division (30 W. R. 459) and the Court of Appeal held that the rule. But it is well to observe at the outset that when telegraphy the proviso for re-entry and the reddendum were consistent, and had so much advanced in this country as to make it desirable that gave the landlord an option, on breach of the covenant referred all telegraph companies should be made subject to a general Act to in the reddendum, either to re-enter and determine the tenancy, of Parliament framed on the lines of the Companies Clauses and or to demand the additional rent. No doubt,” said Lord Justice Lands Clauses Consolidation Acts, it was underground, and not Cotton," there may be covenants in a deed by which a lessee shall overhead, wires that were made the subject of the more stringent not be allowed to do certain acts without paying an additional rent, precautionary provisions. The Telegraph Act, 1863 (26 & 27 on payment of which rent he may do those acts. But here the Vict. c. 112), although it authorizes overhead wires in general effect of the lease is to give an option to the landlord, in the event terms, and provides in general terms—which we will refer to of eertain things being done by the tenant, to re-enter; with the presently--for their safe keeping and repair, has had, no doubt, the alternative, if he prefers it, of continuing the lessee as tenant, in effect of multiplying overhead wires by making underground wires which case the latter is bound to pay an additionel rent." more difficult and troublesome to lay down. Thus, it is provided

We need hardly point out the importance of this decision at the by section 9 that a telegraph company “ shall not place a telegraph present time. The restriction on forfeiture section of the Convey- under any street" within the metropolitan district, or of any city ancing Act has left the landlord, as regards the operation of the or municipal borough or town corporate, or of any town having a proviso for re-entry in respect of many acts which he may con- population of thirty thousand inhabitants or upwards (according sider very detrimental to his property, at the mercy of judges, to the last census), except with the consent of the bodies having who, like a late eminent occupant of the bench, may have the the control of the streets within their respective limits, and by strongest objection to the proviso for re-entry. Relief against section 10 that every underground pipe or pipes shall be so marked forfeiture may now, in all but the excepted cases, be granted “on l as to distinguish it from tubes or pipes of every other company,

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