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Humble, James, and Thomas Robson Humble, Sunderland, Builders. Apr 18 at 11 at mittee room, Old Townhall, King st, Manchester. Cohbett and Co, Manchester, offices of McKenzie, John st, Sunderland
Bartlett, George Cresser. Neath, Glamorgan, Fruiterer. April 14 at 11 at offices of Husband, Andrew, Moss Side, Lancaster, Builder. Apr 19 at 3 at offices of Crofton, Cuthbertson, Water st, Neath Brazennose st, Manchester
Billcliff, William, Batley, York, Carrier. April 19 at 10.30 at offices of Law, Crown Ingle, George, Horbury, York, Provision Dealer. Apr 13 at 3 at offices of Kemp, Bars. Commercial st, Batley tow sq, Wakefield
Bird, Edward Ransford, and Thomas Gibbs Bird, Bristol, Carpet Warehousemen, April John, William, and Henry John, Tenby, Pembroke, Grocers. Apr 13 at 10.30 at offices 26 at 3 at offices of Curtis and Co, Exchange buildings, Bristol, Brittans and Co, of Lock, Lansdowne House, Tenby
Bristol Keeton, Frederick William, Pilsley, Derby, Licensed Victualler. Apr 14 at Angel Hotel, Blatchley, Edwin, Princes st, Westminster, Licensed Victualler. April 20 at 2 at offices Chesterfield, in lieu of the place originally named
of Robinson and Leslie, Coleman st Kelsey, William, Hartlepool, Puddler. Apr 13 at 11.30 offices of Smith, Church st, West Bloomfield, George, Edgware rd, Licensed Victualler. April 24 at 3 at offices of Nevett, Hartlepool
Warwick ct, Gray's inn Kilpatrick, Robert Paul, Oldham, Draper. Apr 13 at 3 at offices of Sale and Co, Booth Bowers, George Henry, Whaley Bridge, Derby, Licensed Victualler. Apr 20 at 3 at st, Manchester
office of Sution and Elliott, Fountain st, Manchester Lay, William Henry, Abingdon, Berks, Grocer. Apr 18 at 3 at Queen's Hotel, Abingdon. Bradshaw, Thomas, Prees, salop, Pig Dealer. Apr 15 at 11 at office of Etches, Brown. Sedgefield and Pryce, Abingdon
low st, Whitchurch Leach, John, Chorley, Lancaster, Builder. Apr 13 at 3 at Royal Oak Hotel, Market st, Bunn, John, Gt Yarmouth, Shoemaker. Apr 17 at 12 at office of Bayin and Daynes, Chorley. Jackson, Chorley
Exchange st, Norwich Lloyd, Job, Hairwain, Aberdare, Glamorgan, Boot and Shoe Maker. Apr 8 at 1 at Burn, Joseph, North Shields, out of business. Apr 12 at 3 at office of Sewell, Grey st,
the Merchants' Association, Broad st, Bristol, in lieu of the place originally named Newcastle-upon-Tyne Lucas, William, and Alfred Lucas, Levenshulme, near Manchester, Joiners. Apr 14 at Burnand, Walter, Chichester, Outfitter. Apr 21 at 12 at office of Edmonds and Co, 3 at offices of Sale and Co, Booth st, Manchester
Cheapside. Janman, Chichester Maidstone, John Thompson, Rouel rd, Bermondsey, General Keeper. Apr 8 at 2 at Bush, Henry, Liverpool, Fish Dealer. Apr 17 at 2.30 at office of Bremner and Co, Cross. Europa Tavern, Church st, Rotherhithe. Feuillade, 'Tooley st, London bridge
hall st, Liverpool Maltby, James Griffen, and John Edward Wright, Wood st, Clothiers and Tailors. Apr Butterworth, Edmund, Bury, Lancaster, Clogger. Apr 17 at 3 at office of Grundy, Union 21 at 3 at offices of Child and Son, South sq, Gray's inn
st, Bury Martin, Frederick Henry, Besson 'rd, New Cross rd, Baker. Apr 17 at 3 at offices of Chadwick, George, Rochdale, Joiner. Apr 17 at 3 at office of Standring and Taylor, Kilvington and Stock, Walbrook
King st, Rochdale Varquis, David, Leeds, Grocer. Apr 19 at 3 at offices of Shaw, Commercial st, Coles, Thomas Henry, Well st, Oxford st, Butcher. Apr 13 at 3 at office of Collons, Leeds
Gresham bldgs, Guildhall Matthews, Rowland, City rd, Auctioneer. Apr 20 at 2 at Cannon st Hotel, Cannon st. Collinson, Walter, Manchester,out of business, Apr 18 at 12 at office of Stringer, Byrom Linklater and Son, Walbrook
st, Manchester Matthews, William, Church pl, Kensal Greon, Carman. Apr 17 at 3 at office of Hobb3, Cornes, George, Baddily, Chester, Wheelwright. Apr 17 at 2 at offices of Lisle, NantGt Titchfield st, Marylebone
wich May, Emily Sophia, North Kensington, Invalid Nurse. Apr 15 at 11 at office of Wood, Coslett, John Levi, Liverpool, Butcher. Apr 14 at 3 at offices of Gibson and Bolland, Southampton bldgs, Chancery lane
South John st, Liverpool Blackhurst and Fretson, Liverpool May, Henry, Crown rd, West Kensington, Clothier. Apr 17 at 12 at offices of Shear.
Crisp, James, Wisbech, Cambridge, Boot Maker. Apr 22 at 2.30 at offices of Cranfield, man, Gresham st
the Quay, Saint Ives, Hunts McMorrin, William, Derby, Draper. Apr 14 at 3 at offices of Briggs, Amen alley, Crouch, Thomas, Hastings, Sussex, Market Gardener. Apr 13 at 3 at 30, Norman rd, Derby
St Leonard's on Sea. Neve Merritt, Adolphus, Stonehouse, Gloucester, Builder. Apr 17 at 11 at New Inn Hotel, Davies, Edmund, Cowbridge, Glamorgan, Draper. Apr 19 at 11 at office of Rees, CowGloucester. Ball and Co
bridge Miller, Charles, High Wycombe, Buckingham, Innkeeper Apr 20 at 12 at offices of Dendy, John, and John Russell Beard, Manchester, Silk Manufacturers. Apr 21 at 3 in Reynolds, High st, High Wycombe
No. 4 Committee Room, New Townhall, Lloyd st, Manchester. Sale and Co, Man. Moore, William, Bulwell, Shoemaker. Apr 18 at 12 at office of Brittle, St Peters
chester chmbrs, St Petersgate, Nottingham
Discombe, Thomas Walter, Washfield, Devon, Farmer. Apr 12 at 11 at Corn Exchange Morgan, John, Hendy Pontardulais, Carmarthen, Butcher. Apr 14 at 11 at office of
Hotel, Market st, Exeter. Fryer, Exeter Howell, Steprey st, Llanelly
Dunn, John, Penge, Boot and Shoe Maker. Apr 20 at 3 at 27, Chancery lane. Carter, Nicholson, Thomas, York, Prize Pig Dealer. Apr 14 at 11 at offices of Anderson and
Budge row Lythe, York
East, Frank, Salford, out of business. Apr 18 at 3 at offices of Blakeway, Deansgate, Norwood, Rev. Samuel, Blackpool, Clerk in Holy Orders. April 15 at 10.30 at Old Manchester Bull Hotel, Blackburn. Eastham, Clitheroe
Evans, Eliza Jane, Wolverhampton, Grocer. Apr 20 at 11 at offices of Willcock, Queen Parsons, William, Norwich, Publican. Apr 6 at 12 at offices of Stanley, Bank plain,
st, Wolverhampton Norwich
Eves, Thomas Henry, Birmingham, Last Manufacturer. Apr 14 at 12 at office of CottPendle, George, and Charles Waite, jun., Golden sq, Woollen Merchants. Apr 24 at
rell, Temple row, Birmingham George Hotel, Huddersfield, in lieu of the place originally named
Fasey, William, and Richard Fasey, Kingswinford, Stafford, Girder Manufacturers. Apr Porter, Thomas William, Putley, Hereford, Farm Bailiff. Apr 19 at 12.15 at offices of
14 at 11 at office of Homfray and Holberton, High st, Brierly Hill Corner, High Town, Hereford
Fenner, John, Sabbarton st, Poplar, Baker. Apr 14 at 3 at office of Sydney, Guildhall Precious, Elizabeth, Filey, York, Boot Dealer. Apr 13 at 2 at Castle Hotel, Queen st,
chmbrs, Basinghall st
Fletcher, Thomas Frame, Wilton Lodge, Bellvue, Staines, Commercial Clerk, Apr 20 at Co, Lincoln's-inn-fields
2 at office of Chapman, Pancras lane Roberts, Mildred, Cleobury Mortimer, Salop, Grocer. Apr 17 at 3 at office of Ivens and
Gowlland, Stephen, Guildford, Grocer. Apr 14 at 3 at 6, Arthur st East, London bridge. Morton, Bank bldgs, Exchange st, Kidderminster
May and Co, Adelaide pl Rudkin, Thomas, Central Meat Market, Licensed Victualler. Apr 12 at 2 at Cannon st
Green, John, Liverpool, Corn Dealer. Apr 19 at 2 at office of Davis, the Temple, Dale Hotel. Layton and Co, Budge row
st, Liverpool Sabin, William Edward, Manchester, Traveller. Apr 11 at 3 at offices of Ellis, Clarence Griffiths, James Henry, Pendleton, Salford, Joiner. Apr 12 at 3 at office of Simpson and bldgs, Booth st, Mosley st, Manchester
Hockin, Mount st, Albert sq, Manchester Salom, Salom Henry, Regent st, Optician. Apr 18 at 2 at offices of Solomon, King st, Hague, Daniel, Ashton under Lyne, Lancaster, Poultry Dealer. Apr 14 at 3 at the DolCheapside
phin Hotel, Shudehill, Manchester. Sherratt, Manchester Savage, Mary Ann, and Emma Bousfield, Bury, Lancaster, Boot Makers. Apr 18 at 3
Hall, John, York, Tea and Coffee Dealer. Apr 17 at 11 at offices of Crumbie, Stoneat the Mitre Hotel, Cathedral gates, Cateaton st, Manchester. Grandy, Bury
gate Sexton, Thomas, Wooburn, Bucks, Builder. Apr 19 at 2 at offices of Durant, Clarence Hanker, William, Tamworth, Warwick, out of business. Apr 14 at 2 at offices of Jagger, villas, Windsor
Cherry st, Birmingham Sherratt, William Dean, Macclesfield, Provision Dealer. Apr 13 at 2.30 at offices of Hardwicke, William, Bath, Printer. Apr 15 at 11 at offices of Titley, Orange grove, Bath Froggatt, Chestergate, Macclesfield
Harper, Thomas William, and James Bloom Harper, Southampton, Grocers. Apr 17 at Smith, Arthur, Leeds, Tailor. Apr 12 at 11 at offices of Close, Park row. Crumbie, 12 at Ínns of Court Hotel, Holborn. Savidge and Steward, Eastcheap York
Hawkins, John, Golden lane, Builder. Apr 28 at 3 at offices of Hulbert, Coleman st Smith, Henry, Eastville, nr Bristol, Hardwareman. Apr 12 at 11 at offices of Clifton Hibbert, John, Hulme, Lancaster, Sawyer. Apr 17 at 3 at Old Townhall, King st, Man. and Carter, Broad st, Bristol
chester. Welsh, Manchester Smith, William, Glossop, Derby, Shoe Dealer. Apr 18 at 3 at offices of Entwisle and Hinves, Joseph, and Joseph Hinves, jun, Upper Tooting, Surrey, Builders. Apr 13 at 2 Cole, Princess st, Manchester
at offices of Nazer, Chancery lane Smith, William, Burton-on-Trent, Commission Agent. Apr 19 at 2 at the White Hart Hobman, George William, Leeds, Grocer. Apr 14 at 3 at offices of Dunn and French, Hotel, High st, Burton-on-Trent. Drewry, Burton-on-Trent
East parade, Leeds Starling, William, Radwinter, Essex, Farmer. Apr 20 at 1 at offices of Baker and Holder, George, Wimborne Minster, Dorset, Gas Fitter. Apr 18 at 1 at Tapper's Railway Thorneycroft, Bishop's Stortford
Hotel, Wimborne Minster. Wade, Bournemouth Sutcliffe, Francis Rowland, Leeds, Butcher. April 12 at 2 at offices of Lake and Lake, Honeywill, John, Johnson pl, Harrow rd, Grocer. Apr 18 at 2 at offices of Carter and Southgate, Wakefield
Bell, Eastcheap Tafft, John, Lombard ct, Clement's lane, Wine Merchant. April 18 at 2 at offices of Horswell, John, St Thomas the Apostle, Devon, Miller, Apr 17 at 3 at office of Burch, Cooper, King's Arms yd. Solomon, Finsbury pavement
Palace gate, Exeter Thomas, Thomas, Saint Issells, Pembroke, Mason. April 21 at 11.30 at 2, Water st, Horton, James, Leeds, General Warehouseman. Apr 19 at 3 at offices of Laycock and Pembroke Dock. Thomas, Tenby
Co, St. George's sq, Huddersfield Tibbetts, Elizabeth, Cradley, Worcester, Licensed Victualler. April 12 at 11 at offices Israel, David, Sandy's row, Bishopsgate, Butcher. Apr 17 at 3 at offices of Wright and of Wright, High st, Cradley Heath, near Brierley hill
Co, Queen Victoria st Tilley, Richard Wallington,
Talbot rá, Bayswater, of no occupation. April 11 at 11 at Janion, Thomas, Liverpool, Bag and Sack Merchant. Apr 17 at 2 at offices of Etty, offices of Browne, Lower James st, Golden sq. Tilsley, St Benet's pl, Gracechurch st Lord st, Liverpool Turner, William, Burton-on-Trent, Stafford, Draper. April 14 at 2 at offices of Bright, Johnson, William Hick, Dewsbury, Rag Dealer. Apr 17 at 10 at offices of Ridgway High st, Barton-on-Trent
and Ridgway, Union st, Dewsbury Valler, William, Trafalgar sg, Chelsea, Lodging House Keeper. April 14 at 3 at offices Jones, Robert Isaac, Tremadoc, Čarnarvon, Chemist. Apr 19 at 2 at British Hotel, of Cooper and Co, Lincoln's inn fields
Bangor. Jones and Jones, Portmadoo Walter, William John, Redhill, Surrey, Grocer. April 13 at 11.30 at offices of Hubbard Joseph, Joseph, Llangennech, Carnarvon, Draper. Apr 18 at 3 at Royal Hotel, Cardiff, and Gant, Station rd, Redhill
Rees and Co, Llanelly Ward, Henry, Preston, Lancaster, Builder. April 13 at 3 at offices of Edelston and Son, Kent, James, Stoke-upon-Trent, Licensed Victualler, Apr 17 at 2 at offices of Bishop Winckley st, Preston
and Topham, Bank chmbrs, Hanley Webb, George, Leicester, Grocer. April 14 at 3 at offices of Hollier and Battiscombe, Lodge, Dyson Shaw, Leeds, Carver. Apr 17 at 11 at offices of Jenkinson, Albion st, Market pl, Leicester
Leeds Whitney, George James, Manchester, Draper. April 13 at 3 at offices of Burton, Cross Lown, John, Weymonth ter, Hackney rd, Boot Maker. Apr 11 at 3 at 262, High Hol. st, Manchester. Watson, Oldham
born. Staniland, King st, Cheapside Wilkinson, John, Shipley, York, Yarn Salesman. Apr 5 at 3 at offices of Peel and Co, Lussi, Bassilio, Hastings, Sussex, Restaurant Proprietor. Apr 20 at 12 at office of Chapel lane, Bradford
Phillips, Cambridge rd, Hastings Wilson, Joseph, Pontefract, Innkeeper. Apr 14 at 2 at office of Spink, Pontefract
Maile, William Robert, St Ikes, Huntingden, Innkeeper. Apr 19 at 3 at office of Cran. TUESDAY, April 4, 1892.
field, the Quay, St Ives Andrews, Joseph, St John st, West Smithfield, Wholesale Stationer. April 19 at 3 at Massey, Thomas, Manchester, Boot Maker. Apr 14 at 3 at ofice of Knowles, Tib lane,
offices of Cotton, St Martin's le Grand Baker, Frank, Cardiff, Accountant. April 13 at 11 at offices of Morris, High st, Cardiff May, Arthur, Nottingham, Grocer. Apr 18 at 4 at office of Cockayne, Fletcher-gate, Bakker, Bastianus Joannes, Exmouth st, Clerkenwell, Cheesemonger. April 21 al 3 at Nottingham offices of Croft, Union ct, Old Broad st
Milburn, William, Hollingsworth, Chester, Millwright. Apr 17 at 3 at office of Smith Barrans, Marmaduke Davis, Manchester, Solicitor's Clerk. Agril 21 at 2 at B Com. and Brother, Hyde lane, Hyde
Millard, Edward, Cholsey, Berks, Farmer. Apr 17 at 3 at office of Slade, St Martin's Topham, John, Brighton-le-Sands, Lancaster, Baker. Apr 18 at 3 at office of Harris st, Wallingford
and Gorst, Liverpool Moore, William, Leicester, Boot Maker. Apr 17 at 12 at office of Harvey, Selborne Tranter, Edward, Kingswinford, Stafford, Licensed Victualler. Apr 15 at 11 at office of bldgs, Millstone Jane, Léieester
Homfray and Holberton, High st. Brierley Hill Mountford, Jaires Seba, Silk sı, Milton st, Lamp Dealer. Apr 20 at 3 at office of Tay. Tyler, George, Stone, Worcester, Farmer. Apr 14 at 3 at office of Bagster, Commercial lor, Crutched Friars
bldgs, Kidderminster Munden, Ann, Handsworth, Stafford, Licensed Victualler. Apr 18 at 11 at office of Urwin, Thomas, Gateshead, Durham, Provision Dealer. Apr 14 at 3 at office of Sewell, Ansell, Waterloo st, Birmingham
Grey st, Newcastle upon Tyne Nicholls, John, Stourbridge, Worcester, Coachbuilder. Apr 17 at 12 at offices of Wall, Viccars, Richard, Padbury, Buckingham, Commission Agont. Apr 18 at 2 at the White High st, Stourbridge
Hart Hotel, Buckingham. Willis Noble, James, Whitwood Mere, nr Castleford, Grocer. Apr 24 at 11 at North Eastern Wain, Philip, jun, Little Eaton, Derby, Licensed Victualler. Apr 21 at 3 at office of Hotel, Castleford. Bradley, Castleford
Heath, Amen alley, Derby Orme, Thomas John, Cheadle, Stafford, Grocer. Apr 18 at 3 at Railway Hotel, Stoke- Wardropper, Anthony John, East Boldon, Durham, Surveyor. Apr 24 at 12 at office of upon-Trent. Wilkins, Uttoxeter
Wawn and Co, Smith st, South Shields Osbaldeston, William, Harrogate, York, Herbalist. Apr 18 at 10 at office of Black. Webb, John, Gt Staughton, Huntingdon, Miller. Apr 20 at 12 at Cross Keys Hotel, St hurst, Fox st, Proston
Neots. Papworth and French, Cambridge Palliser, William, York, Hairdresser. Apr 18 at 11 at offices of Smith, Petergate, White, Charles, Wadhurst, Sussex, Miller. Apr 14 at 12 at Bridge Inn, Ticehurst rd. York
Aitkens, Ticehurst Parsons, John, Birmingham, out of business. Apr 20 at 12 at offices of Burman and White, George, Wadhurst, Sussex, Miller. Apr 14 at 1 at Bridge Inn, Tioehurst rd, Rigby, Temple row, Birmingham
Aitkens, Ticehurst Peregrine, James, Llanelly, Carmarthen, Stationer. Apr 17 at 11 at offices of Randell, Wiles, Boswell Robert, Gt Cheverell, Wilts, Grocer. Apr 18 at 1 at office of Pitt, Frederick st, Llanelly
Nicholas st, Bristol Pickering, Robert, Aston, Warwick, Grocer. Apr 17 at 3 at office of Wright and Mar- | Wilkinson, Arthur, Nantwich, Chester, Provision Dealer. Apr 17 at 11 at office of Lisle, sball, New st, Birmingham
Nantwich Pindar, Elizabeth, York, Wire Weaver. Apr 17 at 2.30 at Abbott's Gt Northern Hotel, Wills, Theodore Voysey, Regent's row, Queen's rd Bridge, Dalston, Furniture Dealer, Railway st, York. Simpson and Burrell
Apr 19 at 3 at offices of Hllbery, Billiter et Read, Joseph, Norton Canes, Stafford, Victuallor. Apr 18 at 11 at office of Loxton, The Withinshaw, John, Longton, Stafford, Currier. Apr 18 at 3 at offices of Hollinshead Bridge, Walsall
and Moody, Tunstall Rigg, Joseph, Coventry, Farmer. Apr 12 at 12 at King's Head Hotel, Coventry. Twist Wyllie, Charles, Jarrow-upon-Tyne, Durham, Grocer. Apr 15 at 2 at 'offices of Now. and Sons, Coventry.
lands, Ellison st, Jarrow-upon-Tyne Rogers, Robert, Pitfield st, Hoxton, Cabinet Maker. Apr 18 at 3 at office of Mason,
Curtain rd, Finsbury
355 Adelphi Bank v. Edwards .......... 360
356 Saul, Thomas, Oldbury, Worcester, Licensed Victualler. Apr 15 at 12 at office of Wright CONSOLIDATION AND ITS LIMITS ......
Castellain v. Preston................ 300 and Co, Church st, Oidbury
THE JUDICIAL STATISTICS ............ 357
In re New Callao Company.......... 361 Savery, William, Hastings, Sussex, Solicitor, Apr 13 at 2 at offices of Mann, Claremont, REVIEWS....
CORRESPONDENCE ..................... 358 LAW STUDENTS' JOURNAL ............ 361 Sharpe, Fred, Coningsby, Lincoln, Grocer. Apr 19 at 1 at Queen's Hotel, High st,
CASES OF THE WEEK
OBITUARY ...................... 362 Lincoln. Underwood, Hull
Cooper v. Vesey
362 Shearing, Samuel William, Bristol, Watchmaker. Apr 18 at 12 at offices of Selmon,
In the Matter of Dudley's Settled
LEGAL APPOINTMENTS ................. 362 Broad st, Bristol
................... 363 Sheen, Henry, Camden st, Walworth, Flour Factor. Apr 15 at 11 at Hare chambers, Hodges v. Hodges
363 Hare pl, Fleet st. Dunn
Robinson v. The Local Board for LEGISLATION OF THE WEEK .......... 361
360 Sheppard, James, Sundridge, Kent, Builder. Apr 12 at 12 at office of Knocker, London
COURT PAPERS ...
361 rd, Sevenoaks
Morley y. Clifford
LONDON GAZETTES, &C., &C........... 364 Slee, William Henry and Daniel Wilson, Carlisle, Joiners. Apr 20 at 2 at Lion and
Lamb Hotel. Carlisle, Errington, Carlisle
Notices to CORRESPONDENTS.-All communications intended for publication offices of Bridger, Botolph lane, Eastcheap
in the SOLICITORS' JOURNAL must be authenticated by the name and address of Stanley, John, Bradford, Beerhouse Keeper. Apr 17 at 3 at office of Rhodes, Parkin. the writer.
son's chmbrs, Market st, Bradford Stott, George, St Helens, Lancaster, Grocer. Apr 17 at 3 at office of Riley, Hard Shaw The Editor does not hold himself responsible for the return of rejected communist, St Helens
cations. Symons, James, Plymouth. Dairyman. Apr 14 at 12 at office of Bray, Courtenay st, Plymouth
The Publisher requests that early application should be made by persons Thomas, Owen, Llandebie, Carmarthen, Coal Merchant. Apr 18 at 2 at Royal Hotel, desirous of obtaining back numbers of the SOLICITORS' JOURNAL, as only a small Cardiff. Howell, Llanelly
number of copies remain on hand.
CHANCERY LANE, 57 and 58 (Now LAW..Wanted, by
EDE AND SON,
Cocoah the Finester Quality with the excess of fat extracted.
. MAKERS The Faculty pronounce it “the most nutritious, per
MANUFACTURERS AND HOUSE FURNISHERS, fectly digestiblo beverage for Breakfast, Luncheon, or 200, 203, and 204, TOTTENHAM COURT ROAD, W. Supper, and invaluable for Invalids and Children."
BY SPECIAL APPOINTMENT,
To Her Majesty, the Lord Chancellor, the Whole of tho all palates, keeps better in all climates, and is four times -PAINTING, DECORATING, & HOUSE REPAIRS.
Judicial Bench, Corporation London, &c he strength of cocoas THICKENED yet WEAKENED with starch, &c., and IX REALITY CHEAPER than such Mixtures. Carved Oak Furniture, Reproductions from Ancient SOLICITORS' AND REGISTRARS' GOWNS.
Made instantaneously with boiling water, a teaspoonful Designs, &c. Bedroom Furniture, including Bedstead and
BARRISTERS' AND QUEEN'S COUNSEL'S DITTO, COCOATINA A LA VANILLE is the most delicate, digestible,
THIRTY LARGE SHOW ROOMS. cheapest Manilla Chocolate, and may be taken when
CORPORATION ROBES, UNIVERSITY / CLERGY GOWNS, richer chocolate is prohibited. In tin packets at 1s. 6d., 38., 5s. Bd., &c., by Chemists HEWETSON, THEXTON, & PEART,
ESTABLISHED 1689. and Grocers.
200, 203, and 204, Tottenham Court-road, London, W. Charities on Special Terms by the Sole Proprietors,
N.B.--Household Furniture Warehoused or Removed 94, CHANCERY LANE, LONDON. H. SCHWEITZER & CO 10, Adam-street, London, W.C. on reasonable terms.
AN IMPORTANT CONVENIENCE TO LAW WRITERS AW. by a Gentleman (at
AND SOLICITORS. Courts Chambers), close to the New
present unadmitted), who passed his final in OFFICES or RESIDENTIAL CHAMBERS to be LET, November, 1881, a Situation'as Conveyancing or Managing STEPHENS' SCARLET INK FOR STEEL PENS, situate in the best part of Chancery-lane, in newly and Clerk, country preferred. Apply to Rex, Davies's Pump
This new Ink supplies the demand continually made but well-built premises, large and lofty rooms, with good Room Library, Bath.
never before met, for a Red Ink which is uninjured by lights; sanitary arrangements perfect.--Apply at the In
Steel or other Metallic Pens. Steel Pens left in this ink QUIRY OFFICE on the premises.
10 SOLICITORS.-A Solicitor in Edin- for months do not impair the beauty of its colour, nor are
burgh, of long standing, would enter into an the Pens in the least corroded by it. The existing Red NCORPORATED LAW SOCIETY.-Mr. English business in the Scotch Courts.- Apply to A. B., arrangement, by Partnership or otherwise, for conducting Inks rapidly destroy Steel Pens, and lose their red colour
if used with other than Gold or Quill Pens. This new H. Foulks Lynch's Classes for the November Exami. “Solicitors' Journal” Office, 52, Carey-street, w.c. colour is a very rich scarlet red of great beauty. The nations are now forming. Private pupils. Postal pre
colour of this ink is not affected by use upon parchment paration. Terms moderate.
L'HURGOOD & CO., Estate and Land and is consequently of great value to Solicitors and work for the JUXE Examinations after Easter will be
Draughtsmen. charged half the usual fees.--Address, 8, Gray's-inn- chambers, 27, Chancery-lane, W.c., hold PERIODICAL
Agents, Surveyors, and Auctioneers, Lonsdale
Sold in stone bottles, retail at 18., 28., 3s. ; and imperial place, London, W.C.
SALES of Property, at the MART,' the Second Tuesday quarts of 40 ounces at 68. each. Also in glass bottles at
SOLD BY ALL STATIONERS.
Valuations for Probate, Mortgages, &c. Estates managed.
LONDON GAZETTE (published by authority) and able Experience, continues to give Private Instruction
LONDON and COUNTRY ADVERTISEMEN T ensuring rapid progress--to members of the Legal Pro
OFFICE.-No. 117, CHANCERY LANE, FLEET fession and others at his own or pupil's residence any
STREET. evening from 7 o'clock – For particulars, address or apply ESTATES and HOUSES to be SOLD or LET, including
FARMER, & BRIDGEWATER'S LIST of to 2, Sidmouth-street, W.C.
ENRY GREEN, Advertisement Agent, Landed Estates, Town and Country Residences, Hunting
begs to direct the attention of the Legal Profession and Shooting Quarters, Farms, Ground Rents, Rent to the advantages of his long experience of upwards of ments inserted in any Continental or Colonial Paper, published on the first day of each month, and may be notices, &c., and hereby solicits their continued support.and translated in any foreign language without extra obtained, free of charge, at their offices, 80, Cheapside, N.B. One copy of advertisement only required, and the charge. Names of Papers and Estimates by return.- E.C., or will be sent by post in return for two stamps.- strictest care and promptitude assured. Official stamped RUDOLF MOSSE, Advertising Offices, 135, Cheapside, Particulars for insertion should be received not later than forms for advertisement and file of “London Gazette" London, Established 15 years,
four days previous to the end of the preceding month. kept. By appointment,
LONDON, APRIL 15. 1882.
SOME DISCUSSION has recently taken place in the American CURRENT TOPICS.
legal journals on the subject of legal digesting and indexing, and we think that attention might not unprofitably be turned to
this subject in England. As regards Digests, it appears to us that THE COURT OF APPEAL will take ex parte motions and appeals the Law Reports some time ago introduced a completely erroneous from orders made on interlocutory motions on Tuesday, the 18th, principle. The Digests issued from time to time by the other and Wednesday, the 19th of April.
current series of reports have always proceeded on the plan of selecting, wherever it is possible, broad general headings, grouping
under sub-headings the cases falling under these general headings, WE PRINT in another column the order of transfer of seventy and inserting for the cases falling under these general headings, causes from the list of Mr. Justice CHITTY to that of Mr. Justice and for others which do not come within them, cross-references Kay for the purpose of trial or hearing only, to which we re- under so many of the titles as are necessary to secure that no ferred last week as in preparation.
one looks in vain for any point in the Digest. The Digest published by the Law Reports in 1870 introduced a new principle of
arrangement. There is not a single case given under most of the THE PRACTICE which prevailed while Mr. Justice Fry was the general headings, but only a series of references to other places. non-chamber judge of the Chancery Division, of transferring to Thus, to take one of the best-known headings, “Landlord and him such cases only as were likely to occupy some time in the hear- Tenant," there are about a hundred references to other parts of ing or trial, does not seem to be kept up in the case of Mr. Justice the Digest, including eleven relating to distress—as, for instance, Kay. The recent transfer includes several administration actions "Distress by opening a window which is shut but not fastened. -and other actions which will not take any time to hear. By this See Entry by opening window.” As there happens to be practice the list becomes speedily exhausted, and frequent transfers no such heading in the Digest as "Entry by opening window," are the result.
this is embarrassing; but, even when such mistakes do not
occur, consider the trouble and annoyance which this mode RAPID PROGRESS is being made with the completion of the of arrangement occasions to the practitioner who wants to various courts in the new building of the Royal Courts of Justice. run his eye over all the recent cases relating to distress. ConThe panelling of the walls, which is about nine feet high, and is sider, also, the difficulty occasioned to persons who cannot of brown oak, is nearly finished in several courts, and the benches remember or guess the minutiæ of a case sufficiently to look for and other fittings are sufficiently advanced to enable a good idea it at once under the word which relates to a small detail
. And to be formed of the arrangements. These are, so far as we can again, consider the labour thus occasioned to anyone who wants judge, admirably adapted to suit the convenience of practitioners, to note up his text-books on particular subjects. We refer to this being apparently a combination of the best features of existing matter now because in the Consolidated Digest recently issued by courts. The arrangements for warming and ventilating have been the Council of Law Reporting we observe with satisfaction that considered with the utmost care, and are the subject of a special this absurd principle has been departed from to a considerable contract. The amount of the power required for these purposes extent. ,,We have now, under the heading of “ Landlord and may be understood when we mention that there are placed under Tenant," fifteen sub-headings, comprising the most important the central hall six huge boilers. Engines connected with branches, and with the cases arranged under each sub-heading. these will be utilized for the production of the electric light, These are followed by cross-references to miscellaneous points which is to be adopted in the courts, in the first instance as an relating to the subject. We hope this is an indication that the experiment.
evil experiment has been abandoned, and that we are now to
return to the old and convenient principle. As regards indexes IN CORROBORATION of the remarks we made last week
to law books, we have come across many quaint instances illusthe possibility of inducing the House of Lords to make extensive trating the practice of their preparation without any definite alterations in the doctrine of consolidation of mortgages, as it principle. We could point to a work which has a general heading exists at present in the lower courts, we may cite the case of and to another book’in the index to which there is first a general
in the index “New," followed by sub-heads such as Harter v. Colman, decided about six weeks ago by Mr. Justice heading "Judge,” with a sub-heading “Single”; followed Fry (Weekly Notes, 1882, p. 23). In consequence of the unfavour- by another general heading “ Judges, and see Judge.” And able criticism, to which we adverted in our article, passed by the there is another legal work which has a heading “Vermin-see Lords in the case of Jennings v. Jordan (30 W. R. 369,
L. R., Hunting and Trespassing," which reminds us of the heading in App. Cas
. 698), upon the case of Beevor v. Luck (15 W. R. 1221, the index to the North Carolina Statutes, "Stud-horses-see L. R. 4 Eq. 537), the learned judge declined to follow the latter case's ruling, and held that a mortgagee acquiring a mort
Religious Societies.” gage subsequently to the assignment of the corresponding equity of redemption, cannot consolidate this mortgage with others as against the assignee of the equity of redemption. We may also THE POINT decided last week by the Court of Appeal in Tucker remark that Beevor v. Luck was questioned by the late Lord v. Linger was an interesting one, and, perhaps, deserved more Justice JAMES in Cummings v. Fletcher (28 W. R. 272, L. R. 14 careful consideration than, judging from the report we print in Ch. D. 699), but upon quite a different point, which it may be another column, the court seems to have given to it. In districts said to have laid down for the first time in addition to that com- lying on chalk soil flints are in great demand for the purpose of mented upon in Jennings v. Jordan, namely, that a security given repairing roads, and the best flints for this purpose are those by a partner for his own private debt could be consolidated with which are gathered from the surface of lands, where they have a security given by him with others jointly for a partnership been exposed to the air for some considerable time. It appears debt. This point is not identical with the analogous point decided from the evidence in the case referred to that it is the custom in in- Tassell v. Smith (6 W. R. 803, 2 De G. & J. 713), because in these districts for tenants of farms to sell these surface flints and the latter case the joint assignors were not joint owners, and the pocket the proceeds. The defendant, the tenant, alleged that this debt was not a partnership debt,
custom had been incorporated in his agreement of tenancy. Two
6. Trial" ; of the learned judges of the Court of Appeal held that the custom showed upon its face that the court had exceeded its jurisdiction, had been proved, and the first question was whether it was this was held to be no ground for impeaching it. The Master of reasonable. The principles on which this question is to be the Rolls is reported to have made some observations which sound decided by the court are laid down in Tyson v. Smith (9 very like drawing a distinction between notice given to a purA. & E. 421), and as the custom in question undoubtedly tends to chaser and notice given tó a purchaser's legal advisers; but we stimulate the removal by the tenant from the land of obstacles shall wait for a fuller report of his judgment before taking it for to its proper cultivation, there can be no doubt that the court were granted that he has committed himself to what would in practice right in holding it to be reasonable. In its results to the land it is almost amount to the abolition of the doctrine of notice. This advantageous to both landlord and tenant. The next question was decision goes a great way beyond the interpretation put upon whether the custom was excluded by the terms of the agreement section 70 by Messrs. WOLSTENHOLME and TURNER. They say :under which the tenant held. That agreement reserved to the “ It seems clear that the purchaser must still ascertain that all landlord “all mines and minerals, sand, quarries of stone, brick persons in existence who ought to be parties to the action or other earth, and gravel pits”; and the tenant thereby agreed to commit proceeding appear to be parties or otherwise bound" (1st ed., no waste. Now, according to Lord Justice MELLISH in Hext v. Gill p. 91; the italics are in the original). It is gratifying to know (20 W. R. 957), “ the word minerals' includes every fossil sub- that the authors of the Act intended something more reasonable stance; every substance, in fact, of every kind can be got than what they succeeded in expressing. But, if the court were from beneath the surface of the earth, and for a profitable to give its plain meaning to the phrase, “whether the purchaser purpose.
The reasonable construction seems to be that has notice of any such want or not,” they would have found it the word ' minerals includes everything which can be got from difficult to arrive at any other decision. What is there to except under the surface of the earth for profit, unless there is something notice given by the order itself from these words? The only in the context or in the nature of the transaction which would alternative was to consider an order made otherwise than in a induce the court to give it a more limited meaning." Apart valid exercise of jurisdiction, not to be within the section ; thus from the custom, the flints would clearly have been within making nonsense of the words “for want of jurisdiction.' We the reservation of minerals. But both Mr. Justice Kay seem here to have an emphatic warning against saying one thing in the court below, and the Master of the Rolls in the Court of and meaning another; and although we do not wonder at the Appeal, seem to have held that the existence of the custom was a decision, we do rather wonder that the court seemed to like it. ground for holding that minerals did not include the surface flints. “The word ' minerals,'” the Master of the Rolls said," must be construed so as not to include that which, according to the custom of the country, the tenant was entitled to sell.” That is to say, the WHAT CONSTITUTES A “PLACE” USED word “minerals" must be differently construed according to the nature of the transaction with reference to which the question of
FOR BETTING? its meaning arises. We do not say that this ruling is unreasonable, CERTAINLY the niceties of the law have their ludicrous aspects, but we are rather at a loss to reconcile it with the views and of this the case of Gallaway v. Maries (L. R. 8 Q. B. D. 80 often expressed by the Master of the Rolls against the 275) is an illustration. We cannot say that we think the deciadoption of varying meanings of words. As to whether the sion' in that particular case wrong, because it did but follow out custom was excluded by the agreement not to commit waste, Mr. the previous decisions, but it seems to us that in their laudable Justice Kay held, and the Court of Appeal seems to have assumed, anxiety to repress what they considered an evil, the judges have that removing and selling the flints was not waste. According to very much strained the natural meaning of words, and something the modern rule laid down in Doe v. Earl of Burlington (5 very nearly approaching to an absurdity has been the result. We B. & Ad. 507, 517), and which must now be taken to be settled have lately, in relation to another decision, objected to a tendency by Doherty v. Allman (26 W. R. 513), in order to prove waste towards lax interpretation of the terms of the criminal law, and there must be proved an injury to the inheritance, either (1) by it seems to us that the decision in Gallaway v. Maries is a further diminishing the value of the estate, or (?) by increasing the burdens example of the tendency to which wethen alluded. The contrastonce upon it, or (3) by impairing the evidence of title. Now, the made between the letter and the spirit has become proverbial, but the evidence in the recent case showed that the removal of the large original contrast was not made with regard to mundane statutory flints was necessary for the proper cultivation of the farm ; hence enactments, or else we should be disposed to say that it involved the collecting and removing them from the land by the tenant was a dangerous fallacy. The stretching of the meaning of words clearly not waste. Whether his sale of them might not be waste to include matters which, quoad the presumed intention of the is, we venture to think, a matter of more difficulty, “ If a tenant enactment, come within the
same category as the matters ordinarily cutteth down trees for reparations and selleth them, and after denoted by such words, almost inevitably ends in absurd distincbuyeth them again and employs them about necessary repairs, yet tions. Having once gone beyond the natural meaning, it is it is waste by the vendition" (Co. Litt. 53b). The practical lesson difficult to say logically thus far and no farther, but at the same of the recent case is to insert in leases of farms in chalk districts time the stretch is felt to be getting too great, and as the coman express exception of surface flints in all cases where it is not mon saying is, “ You must draw the line somewhere." intended that the tenant shall sell them.
By the 16 & 17 Vict. c. 119, s. 3, any person who, being the owner or occupier of any house, office, room, or other place,
or a person using the same, shall open, keep, or use the same for WE VENTURED some time ago to suggest that section 70 of the the purpose of betting with persons resorting thereto, is liable to Conveyancing Act, 1881, might, unless applied in a somewhat a penalty. In the case we are discussing the facts were as guarded spirit, open an easy door to fraud. It seems, however, not follows:The respondent and a companion, having paid for admisto be the policy of the Court of Appeal to make any very strenu- sion, were in a railed inclosure of the grand stand at a race meetous efforts to restrict it. The section enacts that “ an order of the ing. The companion stood on a small wooden box not attached to court under any statutory or other jurisdiction shall not as against the ground; and he and the respondent called out, offering to a purchaser be invalidated on the ground of want of jurisdiction, make, and making, bets with other persons.
The companion or of want of any concurrence, consent, notice, or service, received the money for bets made, and the respondent booked the whether the purchaser has notice of any such want or not”; and same. They stood together in one place within the inclosure the 2nd sub-section applies this rule to the Settled Estates during the races. It was held that the fixed and ascertained spot Act, notwithstanding the exception in section 40 of that Act, defined in the inclosure by the box, at which the respondent which provides that an order may be impeached for want of the orally advertised his willingness to bet, was a “place” used by concurrence or consent of the proper parties. It will be seen him for the purpose of betting with persons resorting thereto from the report of In re Hall Darè's Contract, which we print within the meaning of the statute above referred to. in another column, that hardly anything could exceed the The judges who decided the case expressed themselves as very liberality of the interpretation put upon these enactments by the doubtful whether they could have seen their way to this decision Court of Appeal. The salient point is, that, while the order but for the light thrown on the subject by the previous decisions. We are not surprised at this. The decision seems to us about as is a "place" used by him for betting with persons who resort great a stretch of language as it is possible to conceive. A place thereto. no doubt, in one sense is a greater or less portion of space. Grove, J., in his judgment, protested against the question London is a place in one sense, and a person who makes a bet in of the magistrates, which asked whether the box was the London uses a place for the purpose of betting, and if he bets“ place,” saying, as far as we understand him, that it is the box habitually with persons in London he may perhaps be said to use and its site that constitute the place. Of course, as a piece of the place for the purpose of betting with persons resorting thereto; verbal criticism, this is true, but inasmuch as it seems to be but it is obvious that such wide and abstract significations are admitted on all hands that the site without the box or some not contemplated by legal enactments. According to the ordinary equivalent would not have been a place, the substantial question canon of construction some definite place ejusdem generis with is whether the box when occupying the site is a "place." We “house, office, or room" must be meant. It is, therefore, clear are afraid that these prodigious exertions to stretch the formula that the Legislature intended to stop short of an enactment sufficiently to include all forms of the mischief supposed to be against the business of betting at large. What may be called aimed at are unavailing, and that, strain as the law will at its ambulatory betting is not within the purview of the enactment. chain of words, the betting confraternity will succeed in just It is quite obvious, indeed, that if it had been, other language keeping out of its reach. Would a pair of high clogs in which a would have been employed. There may have been many reasons man stands at a particular spot be a place? We can hardly see for this. We believe the places known as betting offices were why, according to some of the expressions used by Grove, J., it really what was aimed at, and the Legislature, certainly not being should not be, and yet surely the words cannot be stretched to disposed to make all betting illegal, may have thought it impossible that length. It has been held that where a man stood by a to draw the line between betting pursued as a business and as an particular tree to bet with those resorting to him there, it was amusement. Again, the place in question must be a place capable not sufficient. It seems difficult to think that there can be so of being owned or occupied as a house, office, or room is said to much virtue in a box or three-legged stool. If a man persistbe owned or occupied. I occupy in the course of a morning's ently stands at a particular spot to bet, he does not use a place for walk a good many places, but it is obvious that the mere occupa- betting. If he persistently stands on a stool at a particular place tion of space is not meant.
to bet, he does. This seems to us to favour much of what the Starting, therefore, with the limitation that “place" must be gravedigger called “good Crowner's Quest law." We are not something ejusdem generis with "house, office, or room,” we sorry that obstacles should be thrown in the way of the bookshould say that, according to the ordinary and reasonable meaning maker. To our mind a more pestilent member of society could of words, something in the nature of a substantial structure was hardly be found, but we do not believe in stretching the words of requisite to satisfy the words. We do not say that it need be penal enactments, however great the apparent advantage to be permanent or that it need be fixed to the earth. A booth, a tent, secured thereby. a moveable van, occupying a place temporarily for the purpose of betting, would be sufficient. All those things seem to us to do no violence to the words. But of course such structures, though convenient, are not essential to the bookmaker's business. If he
THE JUDICIAL STATISTICS. selects some fixed spot at a race-meeting, with some sufficient
CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS. advertisement of his calling and a conspicuous mark for identifica- THERE Was a decrease in the number of persons for trial in England and tion, that is all that is essential. Accordingly in the case of Bows v. Wales in 1880 of 1,618, or 98 per cent. This is the smallest number
Fenwick (L. R. 9 C. P. 339) the respondent employed a stool with a since the year 1875, and with the exception of that year the smallest large spiked nmbrella fixed in the ground, with his name painted in number during the last twenty years. The decrease shown in the year large letters thereon. This was held to be a "place" within the 1880 is stated to be, to some extent, due to the Summary Jurisdiction meaning of the Act.
We cannot help doubting whether this Act, 1879, which came into operation on the 1st of January, 1880. The decision is correct. No doubt it may be said that a spiked latter number 6,089 were tried at quarter sessions, 1,920 at Middlesex
numbers for trial in 1879 were 16,388, and in 1880, 14,770. Of this umbrella is but a small tent, and if a tent might be a place, then county sessions, 3,144 at borough sessions, 2,497 at aseizes, and 1,120 at why not a spiked umbrella ? But it seems to us that this is the Central Criminal Court. Of these 14,770 persons sent for trial, 33 were going too far as a matter of construction. You have not got to not prosecuted or were admitted as witnesses ; against 586 no bills were see merely whether the thing was within the mischief of the Act. found, and 2,897 were found not guilty ; 16 were acquitted on the ground Admittedly, it must come within the words. Again, you have of insanity, and 24 were found insane. The remaining 11,214
were connot got merely to see whether the thing is a " place." Ad-victed, of whom 28 were sentenced to death, 1,523 to penal servitude, and mittedly, “place,” in its broadest abstract meaning, is not what 9,147 to imprisonment; 183 were sent to reformatories, and 333 were is intended. The question is whether it can fairly be said to be a the numbers for trial was 75.9 per cent. On liberation from prison
fined or discharged on sureties. The proportion of the convictions to "place" ejusdem generis with “house, office, or room." It is 1,433 of the persons committed will become liable to police supervision not, to our mind, enough of a structure to be fairly said to be so. under the Prevention of Crimes Act, 1871. In 1880 it appears that 28 Some absurdity there must be in the process known as drawing persons, of whom 7 were females, were sentenced to death for murder ; the line. It may be, to some extent, absurd that a small tent 13, who were all males, were executed, and the sentences of the remaining affixed with
pegs to the ground should be a place, but 15 were commuted to terms of penal servitude. that a spiked umbrella should not; but, on the other hand, it
CROWN Cases RESERVED. seems to us that a greater absurdity still is ultimately involved by the line of decisions of which Bows y. Fenwick is one.
Twelve cases were, during 1880, submitted to the Court of Criminal
Appeal, in one of which two persons were concerned. In 1879 there were The umbrella being thus determined to be illegal, the book- 7 cases 80 submitted. In 7 of the cases submitted in 1880 the convicmakers appear to have dropped it, and in the case under discus- tion was affirmed and in 5 reversed. sion only the box in place of a stool was used. The use of some
COSTS OF CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. thing to elevate the betting-man above the general crowd seems, if not essential, at any rate highly useful in the exercise of his
The sums paid by the Treasury on account of criminal prosecutions at avocation. The advertisement of his calling and the conspicuous proceedings under the Criminal Justice and Juvenile Offenders Acts, are,
assizes and quarter sessions and at the Central Criminal Court, and for mark of identification may be by means of a hat of great altitude
for the year 1879, follows:-At agsizes 2,368 and startling colour with a name thereon, or some similar device, 636,021 168. 10d. ; at the Central Criminal Criminal Court 957 cases without any umbrella or post or other structural expedient. cost £8,36278. id.; at county quarter sessions 6,346 cases cost Probably with some such equipment as this, and his light box $53,717 16s. 2d.; at Middlesex quarter sessions 1,842 cases to be used as a platform for operations, Mr. Maries sallied £9,225 78. ; at borough quarter sessions 3,078 cases cost $21,085 198. 11d., forth. The law has now knocked his box or stool from under him. making a total of 14,591 cases, at a total cost of £128,413 98., or an average
of £8 16s. in each case. But really to any person endowed with some breadth of view Criminal Justice and Juvenile Offenders Acts which cost $19,342 103. 5d.,
Besides these there were 21,122 cases under the and sense of humour it is obvious that the decisions have gone a being an average of 188. 3d. for each case. As compared with the great way when it is held that a light portable stool which a numbers in the previous year there is an increase of 137 in the number of man carries about with him and puts up when occasion requires indictments and of 20 in the uumber of summary proceedings, but a