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Humble, James, and Thomas Robson Humble, Sunderland, Builders. Apr 18 at 11 at offices of McKenzie, John st, Sunderland

Husband, Andrew, Moss Side, Lancaster, Builder. Apr 10 at 3 at offices of Crofton, Brazennose st, Manchester

Ingle, George, Horbury, York, Provision Dealer. Apr 13 at 3 at offices of Kemp, Barstow so, Wakefield

John, William, and Henry John, Tenby, Pembroke, Grocers. Apr 13 at 10.30 at offices

of Lock, Lansdowne House, Tenby Keeton, Frederick William, Pilsley, Derby, Licensed Victualler. Apr 14 at Angel Hotel,

Chesterfield, in lieu of the place originally named Kelsey, William, Hartlepool, Puddler. Apr 18 at 11.30 offioes of Smith, Church st, West

Hartlepool

Kilpatrick, Robert Paul, Oldham, Draper. Apr 13 at 3 at offices of Sale and Co, Booth st, Manchester

Lay, William Henry, Abingdon, Berks, Grocer. Apr 18 at 3 at Queen's Hotel, Abingdon.

Scdgefleld and Pryce, Abingdon Leach, John, Chorley, Lancaster, Builder. Apr 13 at 3 at Royal Oak Hotel, Market st,

Chorley. Jackson, Chorley Lloyd, John, Hairwain, Aberdare, Glamorgan, Boot and Shoe Maker. Apr 8 at 1 at

the Merchants' Association, Broad st, Bristol, in lieu of the place originally named Lucas, William, and Alfred Lucas, Levenshulme, near Manchester, Joiners. Apr 14 at

3 at offices of Sale and Co, Booth Bt, Manchester Maidstone, John Thompson, Rouel rd, Bermondsey, General Keeper. Apr 8 at 2 at

Europa Tavern, Church Bt, Rotherhithe. Feuillatle, Tooley Bt, London bridge Maltby, James Griff en, and John Edward Wright, Wood st, Clothiers and Tailors. Apr

21 at 3 at offices of Child and Son, South sq. Gray's inn Martin, Frederick Henry, Besson rd, New Cross rd, Baker. Apr 17 at 3 at offices of

Kilvington and Stock, Walbrook Marquis, David, Leeds, Grocer. Apr 10 at 3 at offices of Shaw, Commercial st,

Leeds

Matthows, Rowland, City rd, Auctioneer. Apr 20 at 2 at Cannon Bt Hotel, Cannon st. Linklater and Son, Walbrook

Matthews, William, Church pi, Kensal Green, Carman. Apr 17 at 3 at office of Hobl>3, Gt Titchfield st, Marylebone

May, Emily Sophia, North Kensington, Invalid Nurse. Apr 15 at 11 at office of Wood, Southampton bldgs, Chancery lane

May, Henry, Crown rd, West Kensington, Clothier. Apr 17 at 12 at offices of Shearman, Gresham st

McMorrin, William, Derby, Draper. Apr 14 at 3 at offices of Briggs, Amen alley, Derby

Merritt, Adolphus, Stonchouse, Gloucester, Builder. Apr 17 at 11 at New Inn Hotel,

Gloucester. Ball and Co Miller, Charles, High Wycombe, Buckingham, Innkeeper Apr 20 at 12 at offices of

Reynolds, High st, High Wycombe Moore, William, Bulwell, Shoemaker. Apr 18 at 12 at office of Brittle, St Petors

chmbrs, St Petersgate, Nottingham Morgan, John, Hendy Pontardulais, Carmarthen, Butcher. Apr 14 nt 11 at office of

Howell, Stepuey Bt, Llanelly Nicholson, Thomas, York, Prize Pig Dealer. Apr 14 at 11 at offices of Anderson and

Lythe, York

Norwood, Rev. Samuel, Blackpool, Clerk in Holy Orders. April 15 at 10.30 at Old

Bull Hotel, Blackburn. Eastham, Clitheroe Parsons, William, Norwich, Publican. Apr 6 at 12 at offices of Stanley, Bank plain,

Norwich

Pendle, George, and Charles Waite, jun., Golden Bq, Woollen Merchants. Apr 24 at

George Hotel, Huddersfleld, in lieu of the place originally named Porter, Thomas William, Pulley, Hereford, Farm Bailiff. Apr 10 at 12.15 at offices of

Corner, High Town, Hereford Precious, Elizabeth, Filey, York, Boot Dealer. Apr 13 at 2 at Costlo Hotel, Queen st,

Scarborough. Richardson, Bridlington Raw, William, Bradford, Builder. Apr 13 at 2 at office of Heath, Swan st, Manchester Rider, Thomas Merritt, New Cross rd, Undertaker. Apr 11 at 3 at office of Cooper and

Co, Llncoln's-inn-fields Roberts, Mildred, Cleobury Mortimer, Salop, Grocer. Apr 17 at 3 at office of Ivens and

Morton, Bank bldgs, Exchange st, Kidderminster Rmlkin, Thomas, Central Mont Market, Licensed Victualler. Apr 12 at 2 at Cannon st

Hotel. Layton and Co, Budge row Sabin, William Edward, Manchester, Traveller. Apr 11 at 3 at offices of Ellis, Claronce

bldgs, Booth st, Mosley st, Manchester Salom, Salom Henry, Regent st, Optician. Apr 18 at 2 at offices of Solomon, King st,

Cheapside

Savage, Mary Ann, and Emma Bousfield, Bury, Lancaster, Boot Makers. Apr 18 at 3 at the Mitre Hotel, Cathedral gates, Cateaton st, Manchester. Grundy, Bury

Sexton, Thomas, Wooburn, Bucks, Builder. Apr 10 at 2 at offices of Durant, Claronce villas, Windsor

Sherratt, William Dean, Macclesfield, Provision Dealer. Apr 13 at 2.30 at offices of

Froggatt, Chestergate, Macclesfield Smith, Arthur, Leeds, Tailor. Apr 12 at 11 at offices of Close, Park row. Crambie,

York

Smith, Henry, Eastville, nr Bristol, Hardwareman. Apr 12 at 11 at offices of Clifton

and Carter, Broad st, Bristol Smith, William, Glossop, Derby, Shoe Dealer. Apr 18 at 3 at offices of Entwisle and

Cole, Princess Bt, Manchester Smith, William, Burton-on-Trent, Commission Agent. Apr 10 at 2 at the White Hart

Hotel, High st, Burton-on-Trent. Drewry, Burton-on-Trent Starling, William, Radwinter, Essex, Farmer. Apr 20 at 1 at offices of Baker and

Thomeycroft, Bishop's Stortford Sntcliffe, Francis Rowland, Leeds, Butcher. April 12 at 2 at offices of Lake and Lake,

Southcratc, Wakefield

Tafft, John, Lombard ct, Clement's lane, Wine Merchant. April 13 at 2 at offices of

Cooper, King's Arms yd. Solomon, Finsbury pavement Thomas, Thomas, Saint Issclls, Pembroke, Mason. April 21 at 11.30 at 2, Water st,

Pembroke Dock. Thomas, Tenby Tihbetts, Elizabeth, Crndloy, Worcester, Licensed Victualler. April 12 at 11 at offices

of Wright, High stf Cradley Heath, near Brierley hill Tilley, Richard Walliugton, Talbot rd, Bayswater, of no occupation. April 11 at 11 at

offices of Browne, Lower James st, Golden sq. Tilsloy, St Bonet's pi, Gracechureh st Turner, William, Burton-on-Trent, Stafford, Draper. April 14 at 2 at offices of Bright,

High st, Hurton-on-Trent Valler, William, Trafalgar sq, Chelsea, Lodging House Keeper. April 14 at 3 at offices

of Cooper and Co, Lincoln's inn fields Walter, William John, Redhill, Surrey, Grocer. April 13 at 11.30 at offices of Hubbard

and Gant, Station rd, Redhill Ward, Henry, Preston, Lancaster, Builder. April 13 at 3 at offices of Edelston and Son,

Wincklcy st, Preston

Webb, George, Leicester, Grocer. April 14 at 3 at offices of Hollier and Battiscombe, Market pi, Leicester

Whitney, Goorgo James, Manchester, Draper. April 13 at 3 at offices of Burton, Cross

st, Manchester. Watson, Oldham Wilkinson, John, Shipley, York, Yarn Salesman. Apr 5 at 3 at offices of Peel and Co,

Chapol lime, Bradford
Wilson, Joseph, Pontefract, Innkeeper. Apr 14 at 2 at office of Spink, Pontefract

Tuesday, April 4,1832.
Andrews, Joseph, St John st, West Smithfield, Wholesalo Stationer. April 10 at 3 at

offices of Cotton, St Martin's le Grand Baker, Frank, Cardiff, Accountant. April 13 at 11 at offices of Morris, High st, Cardiff Bakker, Bastianus Joannes, Exmouth st, Clerkenwell, Cheesemonger. April 21 at 3 at

offices of Croft, Union ct, Old Broad st Banana, Marmadnke Davis, Manchester, Solicitor's Clerk. Agril 21 at 2 at B Com

mittee room, Old Townhall, King st, Manchester. Gobbott and Co, Manchester. Bartlett, George Crcsser. Neath, Glumor^n, Fruiterer. April 14 at 11 at offices of

Cuthbortaon, Water st, Neath Billcliff, William, Batlcy, York, Carrier. April 10 nt 10.30 at offices of Law, Crown

Commercial st, Batley Bird, Edward Ransford, and Thomas Gibbs Bird, Bristol, Carpet Warehousemen. April

20 at 3 at offices of Curtis and Co, Exchange buildings, Bristol. Brittans and Co,

Bristol

Blatchloy, Edwin, Princes st, Westminster, Licensed Victualler. April 20 at 2 at offices of Robinson and Leslie, Coleman st

Bloomfield, George, Edgwore rd, Licensed Victualler. April 24 at 3 at offices of Nevett, Warwick ct, Gray's inn

Bowers, George Henry, Whaley Bridge, Derby, Licensed Victualler. Apr 20 at 3 nt office of Sutton and Elliott, Fountain st, Manchester

Bradshaw, Thomas, Frees, Salop, Pig Dealer. Apr 15 at 11 at office of Etches, Brownlow st, Whitchurch

Bunn, John, Gt Yarmouth, Shoemaker. Apr 17 at 12 at office of Bavin and Dftynes,

Exchange st. Norwich Bum, Joseph, North Shields, out of business. Apr 12 at 3 at office of Sewell, Grey st,

Newcastle-upon-Tyne

Burnand, Walter, Chichester, Outfitter. Apr 21 at 12 nt office of Edmonds and Co, Cheapside. .lanman, Chichester

Bush, Henry, Liverpool, Fish Dealer. Apr 17 at 2.30 at office of Bremnerand Co, Crosshall Bt, Liverpool

Butterworth, Edmund, Bury, Lancaster, Clogger. Apr 17 at 3 at offlco of Grundy, Union st, Bury

Chadwick, George, Rochdale, Joiner. Apr 17 at 3 at office of Standring and Taylor, King st, Rochdale

Coles, Thomas Henry, Well st, Oxford st, Butcher. Apr 13 at 3 at office of Collens,

Gresham bldgs, Guildhall Colliuson, Walter, Manchester,out of business, Apr 18 at 12 at office of Stringer, Byrom

st, Manchester

Cornes, George, Baddily, Chester, Wheelwright. Apr 17 at 2 at offices of Lisle, Nuntwich

Coslott, John Levi, Liverpool, Butcher. Apr 14 at 3 at offices of Gibson and Bolland,

South John st, Liverpool Blackhurst and Fretson, Liverpool Crisp, James, Wisbech, Cambridge, Boot Maker. Apr 22 at 2.30 at offices of Cranfield,

the Quay, Saint Ives, Hunts Crouch, Thomas, Hastings, Sussex, Market Gardener. Apr 13 at 3 at 30, Norman nl,

St Leonard's on Sea. Neve Davics, Edmund, Cowbridgo, Glamorgan, Draper. Apr 10 at 11 at office of Rees, C'ow

brtdge

Dendy, John, and John Russell Beard, Manchester, Silk Manufacturers. Apr 21 at 3 in No. 4 Committee Room, New Townhall, Lloyd st, Manchester. Sale and Co, Manchester

Discombe, Thomas Walter, Washfleld, Devon, Farmer. Apr 12 at 11 at Corn Exchange

Hotel, Market st, Exeter. Fryer, Exeter Dunn, John, Penge, Boot and Shoe Maker. Apr 20 at 3 at 27, Chancery lane. Carter,

Budge row

East, Frank, Salford, out of business. Apr 18 at 3 at offices of Blakeway, Doansgate,

Manchester

Evans, Eliza Jane, Wolverhampton, Grocer. Apr 20 at 11 at offices of Willcock, Queen st, Wolverhampton

Eves, Thomas Henry, Birmingham, Last Manufacturer. Apr 14 at 12 at office of Cott

rell, Templo row, Birmingham Fasey, William, and Richard Fasey, Kingswinf ord, Stafford, Girder Manufacturers. Apr

14 at 11 at office of Homfray and Holberton, High st, Brierly Hill Fenner, John, Sabbarton st, Poplar, Baker. Apr 14 at 3 at office of Sydney, Guildhall

chmbrs, Basingball 8t Fitt, Robert, Derby, Printer. Apr 18 at 3 at offices of Flint, Full Bt, Derby Fletcher, Thomas Frame, Wilton Lodge, Bellvue, Staines, Commercial Clerk. Apr 20 at

2 at office of Chapman, Pancras lane Gowlland, Stephen, Guildford, Grocer. Apr 14 at 3 atO, Arthur st East, London bridge.

May and Co, Adelaide pi Green, John, Liverpool, Cora Dealer. Apr 10 at 2 at office of Davis, the Temple, Dale

st, Liverpool

Griffiths, James Henry, Pendleton, Salford, Joiner. Apr 12 at 3 at office of Simpson and Hockin, Mount st, Albert sq, Manchester

Hague, Daniel, Ashton under Lyne, Lancaster, Poultry Dealer. Apr 14 at 3 at the Dolphin Hotel, Shudehill, Manchester. Sherratt, Manchester

Hall, John, York, Tea and Coffee Dealer. Apr 17 at 11 at offices of Crambie, Stonegate

Hanker, William, Tamworth, Warwick, out of business. Apr 14 at 2 at offices of Jaggcr, Cherry st, Birmingham

Hardwicke, William, Bath, Printer. Apr 15 at 11 at offices of Titley, Orange grove, Bath

Harper, Thomas William, and James Bloom Harper, Southampton, Grocers. Apr 17 at 12 at Inns of Court Hotel, Holborn. Savidge and Steward, Eastcheap

Hawkins, John, Golden lane, Builder. Apr 28 at 3 at offices of Hulbert, Coleman st

Hibbert, John, Hulme, Lancaster, Sawyer. Apr 17 at 3 at Old Townhall, King st, Manchester. Welsh, Manchester

Hinves, Joseph, and Joseph Hinves, jun, Upper Tooting, Surrey, Builders. Apr 13 at 2 at offices of Nazer, Chancery lane

Hobman, George William, Leeds, Grocer. Apr 14 at 3 at offices of Dunn and French, East parade, Leeds

Holder, George, Wimborae Minster, Dorset, Gas Fitter. Apr 18 at 1 at Tapper's Railway

Hotol, Wimborae Minster. Wade, Bournemouth Honoywill, John, Johnson pi, Harrow rd, Grocer. Apr 18 at 2 at offices of Carter and

Bell, Eastcheap

Horswell, John, St Thomas the Apostle, Devon, Miller. Apr 17 at 3 at offlco of Burch, Palace gate, Exeter

Horton, James, Leeds, General Warehouseman. Apr 18 at 3 at offices of Laycock and

Co, St. George's sq, Huddersfleld Israel, David, Sandy's row, Bishopsgate, Butcher. Apr 17 at 3 at offices of Wright and

Co, Queen Victoria st

Janion, Thomas, Liverpool, Bag and Sack Merchant. Apr 17 at 2 at offices of Etty, Lord st, Livorpool

Johnson, William Hick, Dewsbury, Rag Dealer. Apr 17 at 10 at offices of Ridgwny

and Ridgway, Union st, Dewsbury Jones, Robert Isaac, Tremadoc, Carnarvon, Chemist. Apr 10 at 2 at British Hotol,

Bangor. Jones and Jones, Portmadoo Joseph, Joseph, Llangenncch, Carnarvon, Draper. Apr 18 at 3 at Royal Hotel, Cardiff.

Rees and Co, Llanelly

Kont, James, Stoke-upon-Trent, Licensed Victualler. Apr 17 at 2 at offices of Bishop

and Topham, Bank chmbrs, Hanley Lodge, Dyson Shaw, Leeds, Carver. Apr 17 at 11 at offices of Jcnkinson, Albion st,

Leeds

Lown, John, Weymonth ter, Hackney rd, Boot Makor. Apr 11 at 3 at 262, High Holborn. Staniland, King st, Cheapside

Lussi, Bassilio, Hastings, Sussex, Restaurant Proprietor. Apr 20 at 12 at offlco of Phillips, Cambridge rd, Hastings

Maile, William Robert, St Ikes, Huntingdon, Innkeeper. Apr 10 at 3 at offlco of Cranfield, tho Quay, St Ives

Massoy, Thomas, Manchester, Boot Maker. Apr 14 at 3 at offlco of Knowles, Tib lane, Manchester

May, Arthur, Nottingham, Grocer. Apr 18 at 4 at office of Cockayne, Fletcher-gate, Nottingham

Milburn, William, Hollingsworth, Chester, Millwright. Apr 17 at 3 at office Of Smith and Brother, Hyde lane, Hvde

Millard, Edward, Cholsey, Berks, Farmer. Apr 17 at 3 at office of Slade, St Martin's fit, Wallingford

Moore, William, Leicester, Boot Maker. Apr 17 at 12 at office of Harvey, Sclbome bldgs, Millstone lane, Leicester

Monntford, James Seba, Silk si, Milton st, Lamp Dealer. Apr 20 at 3 at office of Taylor, Crutched Friars

Manden, Ann, Handsworth, Stafford, Licensed Victualler. Apr 18 at 11 at office of

Ansell, Waterloo st, Birmingham Nicholls, John, Stourbridge, Worcester, Coaohbnilder. Apr 17 at 12 at offices of Wall,

High st, Stourbridge

Noble, James, Whitwood Mere, nr Castlcford, Grocer. Apr 21 at 11 at North Eastern Hotel, Castleford. Bradley, Castloford

Orme, Thomas John, Cheadle, Stafford, Grocer. Apr 18 at 3 at Railway Hotel, Stokeupon-Trent. Wilkins, Uttoxeter

Osbaldeston, William, Harrogate, York, Herbalist. Apr 18 at 10 at office of Blackhurst, Fox st, Proston

Palliser, William, Tork, Hairdresser. Apr 18 at 11 at offices of Smith, Potcrgate, York

Parsons, John, Birmingham, out of business. Apr 20 at 12 at offices of Burman and

Rigby, Temple row, Birmingham Peregrine, James, Llanelly, Carmarthen, Stationer. Apr 17 at 11 at offices of Rondcll,

Frederick st, Llanelly

Pickering, Robert, Aston, Warwick, Grocer. Apr 17 at 3 at office of Wright and Marshall, New st, Birmingham

Pindar, Elizabeth, York, Wire Weaver. Apr 17 at 2.30 at Abbott's Gt Northern Hotel, Railway st, York. Simpson and Burrell

Read, Joseph, Norton Cones, Stafford, Victualler. Apr 19 at 11 at office of Loxton, The ■ Bridge, Walsall

Rigg, Joseph, Coventry, Farmer. 'Apr 12 at 12 at King's Head Hotel, Coventry. Twist and Sons, Coventry

Rogers, Robert, Pitflold st, Hoxton, Cabinet Maker. Apr 18 at 3 at office of Mason,

Curtain rd, Finsbury Ryman, Henry, Bath, Publican. Apr 8 at 12 at office of Tyzack, York st, Bath Sanderson, James, Colby rd, Gipsy Hill, Licensed Victualler. Apr 12 at 12 at offlco of

Allen, Southampton bldgs, Chancery lane Sanderson, John, Guisboro', York, out of business. Apr 13 at 11 at office of Draper, - Finjtle st, Stockton on Tees

Saul, Thomas, Oldbury, Worcester, Licensed Victualler. Apr 15 at 12 at office of Wright

and Co, Church st, Oldbury Savery, William, Hastings, Sussex, Solicitor. Apr 13 at 2 at offices of Mann, Clorcmont,

Hastings

Sharpe, Fred, Coningsby, Lincoln, Grocer. Apr 19 "at 1 at Queen's Hotel, High st,

Lincoln. Underwood, Hull Shearing, Samuel William, Bristol, Watchmaker. Apr 18 at 12 at offices of Selmon,

Broad st, Bristol

Sheen, Henry, Camden st, Walworth, Flour Factor. Apr 15 at 11 at Hare chambers,

Hare pi, Fleet st. Dunn Sheppard, James, Sundridge, Kent, Builder. Apr 12 at 12 at office of Knocker, London

rd, Sevononks

Slee, William Henry and Daniel Wilson, Carlisle, Joiners. Apr 20 at 2 at Lion and Lamb Hotel. Carlisle, Errington, Carlisle

Smith, Charles Septimus, Houndsditch, General Sheffield Merchant.. Apr 20 at 3 at offices of Bridger, Botolph lane, Eastcheap

Stanley, John, Bradford, Beerhouse Keeper. Apr 17 at 3 at office of Rhodes, Parkinson's chmbrs. Market st, Bradford

Stott, George, St Helons, Lancaster, Grocer, Apr 17 at 3 at office of Riley, Hard shaw st, St Helens

Symons, James, Plymouth. Dairyman. Apr 14 at 12 at offloe of Bray, Courtenay st, Plymouth

Thomas, Owen, Llandebie, Carmarthen, Coal Merchant. Apr 18 at 2 at Royal Hotel, Cardiff. Howell, Llanelly

Topham, John, Brighton-le-Sands, Lancaster, Baker. Apr 18 at 3 at office of Harris

and Gorst, Liverpool

Tranter, Edward, Kingswinford, Stafford, Licensed Victualler, Apr IB at 11 at office of

Homfray and Holberton, High st. Brierley Hill Tylor, George, Stone, Worcester, Farmer. Apr 11 at 3 at offlco of Bagster, Commercial

bldgs, Kidderminster

Urwin, Thomas, Gateshead, Durham, Provision Dealer. Apr 11 at 3 at office of Sewell,

Grey st, Newcastle upon Tyne Viccars, Richard, Padbury, Buckingham, Commission Agent, Apr 18 at 2 at the White

Hart Hotel, Buckingham. Willis Wain, Philip, jun, Little Eaton, Derby, Licensed Victualler. Apr 21 at 3 at office of

Heath, Amen alley, Derby Wardropper, Anthony John, East Boldon, Durham, Surveyor. Apr 21 at 12 at office of

Wawn and Co, Smith st, South Shields Webb, John, Gt Staughton, Huntingdon, Miller. Apr 20 at 12 at Cross Keys Hotel, S t

Neots. Papworth and French, Cambridge White, Charles, Wadhurst, Sussex, Miller. Apr 11 at 12 at Bridge Ian, Ticohurst rd.

Aitkcns, Ticohurst

White, George, Wadhurst, Sussex, Miller. Apr 11 at 1 at Bridge Inn, Tioohurst rd. Aitkons, Ticohnrst

Wiles, Boswoll Robert, Gt Choverell, Wilts, Grocer. Apr 18 at 1 at office of Pitt,

Nicholas st, Bristol

Wilkinson, Arthur, Nantwich, Chester, Provision Dealer. Apr 17 at 11 at office of Lisle,

Nantwich

Wills, Theodore Voysey, Regent's row. Queen's rd Bridge, Dalston, Furniture Dealer.

Apr 19 at 3 at offices of HUbory, Billiter st Withinshaw, John, Longton, Stafford, Currier. Apr 18 at 3 at offices of Hollinshead

and Moody, T install

Wyllie, Charles, Jarrow-upon-Tyne, Durham, Grocer. Apr 15 at 2 at offloes of Newlauds, Ellison st, Jarrow-upon-Tyne

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pHANCERY LANE, 57 and 58 (New

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INCORPORATED LAW SOCIETY.—Mr. H. Foulks Lynch's Classes for the November Examinations are now forming. Private pupils. Postal preparation. Terms moderate. Gentlemen commencing work for the Junk Examinations after Easter will bo charged half the usual fees.—Address, 8, Gray's-innplace, London, W.C.

SHORTHAND (Pitman's.)—W. McWILLIAM, Into of Exeter Hall, and Teacher of considerable Experience, continues to give Private Instruction— ensuring rapid progress—to members of the Legal Profession and others at his own or pupil's residence any evening from 7 o'clock —For particulars, address or apply to 2, Sidmouth-street, W.C.

I^OREIGN ADVERTISING.—Advertise

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MANUFACTURERS AND HOUSE FURNISHERS,

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THIRTY LARGE SHOW ROOMS.

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N.B.—Household Furniture Warehoused or Removed on reasonable terms.

I AW.—Wanted, by a Gentleman (at

I t present unadmitted), who passed his Final in November, 1881, a Situation as Conveyancing or Managing Clerk, country preferred.—Apply to Rex, Davies's Pump Room Library, Bath.

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The Solicitors' Journal.

LONDON, APRIL 15, 188s.

CURRENT TOPICS.

The Cottbt or Appeal •will take ex garte motions and appeals from orders made on interlocutory motions on Tuesday, the 18th, and Wednesday, the 19th of April.

We Pbint in another column the order of transfer of seventy causes from the list of Mr. Justice Chittt to that of Mr. Justice Kay for the purpose of trial or hearing only, to which we referred last week as in preparation.

The Pbactice which prevailed while Mr. Justice Fby was the non-chamber judge of the Chancery Division, of transferring to him such cases only as were likely to occupy some time in the hearing or trial, does not seem to be kept up in the case of Mr. Justice Kay. The recent transfer includes several administration actions and other actions which will not take any time to hear. By this practice the list becomes speedily exhausted, and frequent transfers are the result.

Eapid Peogeess is being made with the completion of the various courts in the new building of the Royal Courts of Justice. The panelling of the walls, which is about nine feet high, and is of brown oak, is nearly finished in several courts, and the benches and other fittings are sufficiently advanced to enable a good idea to be formed of the arrangements. These are, so far as we can judge, admirably adapted to suit the convenience of practitioners, being apparently a combination of the best features of existing courts. The arrangements for warming and ventilating have been considered with the utmost care, and are the subject of a special contract. The amount of the power required for these purposes may be understood when we mention that there are placed under the central hall six huge boilers. Engines connected with these will be utilized for the production of the electric light, which is to be adopted in the courts, in the first instance as an experiment.

In Cobeoboeation of the remarks we made last week upon the possibility of inducing the House of Lords to make extensive alterations in the doctrine of consolidation of mortgages, as it exists at present in the lower courts, we may cite the case of Sorter v. Colman, decided about six weeks ago by Mr. Justice Fby {Weekly Notes, 1882, p. 23). In consequence of the unfavourable criticism, to which we adverted in our article, passed by the Lords in the case of Jennings v. Jordan (SO W. R. 369, L. R. 6 App. Cas. 698), upon the case of Beevor v. Luck (15 W. R. 1221, L. R. 4 Eq. 537), the learned judge declined to follow the latter case's ruling, and held that a mortgagee acquiring a mortgage subsequently to the assignment of the corresponding equity of redemption, cannot consolidate this mortgage with others as against the assignee of the equity of redemption. We may also remark that Beevor v. Luck was questioned by the late Lord Justice James in Cummings v. Fletcher (28 W. R. 272, L. R. 14 Ch. D. 699), but upon quite a different point, which it may be said to have laid down for the first time in addition to that commented upon in Jennings v. Jordan, namely, that a security given by a partner for his own private debt could be consolidated with a security given by him with others jointly for a partnership debt. This point is not identical with the analogous point decided in Tassell v. Smith (6 W. R. 803, 2 De G. & J. 713), because in the latter case the joint assignors were not joint owners, and the debt was not a partnership debt.

Some Discussion has recently taken place in the American legal journals on the subject of legal digesting and indexing, and we think that attention might not unprofitably be turned to this subject in England. As regards Digests, it appears to us that the Law Reports some time ago introduced a completely erroneous principle. The Digests issued from time to time by the other current series of reports have always proceeded on the plan of selecting, wherever it is possible, broad general headings, grouping under sub-headings the cases falling under these general headings, and inserting for the cases falling under these general headings, and for others which do not come within them, cross-references under so many of the titles as are necessary to secure that no one looks in vain for any point in the Digest. The Digest published by the Law Reports in 1870 introduced a new principle of arrangement. There is not a single case given under most of the general headings, but only a series of references to other places. Thus, to take one of the best-known headings, "Landlord and Tenant," there are about a hundred references to other parts of the Digest, including eleven relating to distress—as, for instance, "Distress by opening a window which is shut but not fastened.— See Entry by opening window." As there happens to bo no such heading in the Digest as "Entry by opening window," this is embarrassing; but, even when such mistakes do not occur, consider the trouble and annoyance which this mode of arrangement occasions to the practitioner who wants to run his eye over all the recent coses relating to distress. Consider, also, the difficulty occasioned to persons who cannot remember or guess the minutiae of a case sufficiently to look for it at once under the word which relates to a small detail. And again, consider the labour thus occasioned to anyone who wants to note up his text-books on particular subjects. We refer to this matter now because in the Consolidated Digest recently issued by the Council of Law Reporting we observe with satisfaction that this absurd principle has been departed from to a considerable extent. We have now, under the heading of "Landlord and Tenant," fifteen sub-headings, comprising the most important branches, and with the cases arranged under each sub-heading. These are followed by cross-references to miscellaneous points relating to the subject. We hope this is an indication that the evil experiment has been abandoned, and that we are now to return to the old and convenient principle. As regards indexes to law books, we have come across many quaint instances illustrating the practice of their preparation without any definite principle. We could point to a work which has a general heading in" the index "New," followed by sub-heads such as "Trial"; and to another book in the index to which there is first a general heading "Judge," with a sub-heading "Single"; followed by another general heading "Judges, and see Judge." And there is another legal work which has a heading "Vermin—see Hunting and Trespassing," which reminds us of the heading in the index to the North Carolina Statutes, "Stud-horses—see Religious Societies."

The Point decided last week by the Court of Appeal in Tucker T. Linger was an interesting one, and, perhaps, deserved more careful consideration than, judging from the report we print in another column, the court seems to have given to it. In districts lying on chalk soil flints are in great demand for the purpose of repairing roads, and the best flints for this purpose are those which are gathered from the surface of lands, where they have been exposed to the air for some considerable time. It appears from the evidence in the case referred to that it is the custom in these districts for tenants of farms to sell these surface flints and pocket the proceeds. The defendant, the tenant, alleged that this custom had been incorporated in his agreement of tenancy. Two of the learned judges of the Court of Appeal held that the custom had been proved, and the first question was whether it was reasonable. The principles on which this question is to be decided by the court are laid down in Tyson v. Smith (9

A. & E. 421), and as the custom in question undoubtedly tends to stimulate the removal by the tenant from the land of obstacles to its proper cultivation, there can be no doubt that the court were right in holding it to be reasonable. In its results to the land it is advantageous to both landlord and tenant. The next question was whether the custom was excluded by the terms of the agreement under which the tenant held. That agreement reserved to the landlord " all mines and minerals, sand, quarries of stone, brick earth, and gravel pits "; and the tenant thereby agreed to commit no waste. Now, according to Lord Justice Mellish in Hext v. QUI (20 W. R. 957), "the word ' minerals' includes every fossil substance; every substance, in fact, of every kind that can be got from beneath the surface of the earth, and for a profitable purpose. . . . The reasonable construction seems to be that the word ' minerals' includes everything which can be got from under the surface of the earth for profit, unless there is something in the context or in the nature of the transaction which would induce the court to give it a more limited meaning." Apart from the custom, the flints would clearly have been within the reservation of minerals. But both Mr. Justice Kay in the court below, and the Master of the Rolls in the Court of Appeal, seem to have held that the existence of the custom was a ground for holding that minerals did not include the surface flints. "The word' minerals,'" the Master of the Rolls said," must be construed so as not to include that which, according to the custom of the country, the tenant was entitled to sell." That is to say, the word " minerals" must be differently construed according to the nature of the transaction with reference to which the question of its meaning arises. We do not say that this ruling is unreasonable, but we are rather at a loss to reconcile it with the views so often expressed by the Master of the Rolls against the adoption of varying meanings of words. As to whether the custom was excluded by the agreement not to commit waste, Mr. Justice Kay held, and the Court of Appeal seems to have assumed, that removing and selling the flints was not waste. According to the modern rule kid down in Doe v. Earl of Burlington (5

B. & Ad. 507, 517), and which must now be taken to be settled by Doherty v. Alhnan (26 W. R. 513), in order to prove waste there must be proved an injury to the inheritance, either (1) by diminishing the value of the estate, or (2) by increasing the burdens upon it, or (3) by impairing the evidence of title. Now, the evidence in the recent case showed that the removal of the large flints was necessary for the proper cultivation of the farm; hence the collecting and removing them from the land by the tenant was clearly not waste. Whether his sale of them might not be waste is, we venture to think, a matter of more difficulty. "If a tenant cutteth down trees for reparations and selleth them, and after buyeth them again and employs them about necessary repairs, yet it is waste by the vendition" (Co. Litt. 53b). The practical lesson of the recent case is to insert in leases of farms in chalk districts an express exception of surface flints in all cases where it is not intended that the tenant shall sell them.

Wje Venttjbed some time ago to suggest that section 70 of the Conveyancing Act, 1881, might, unless applied in a somewhat guarded spirit, open an easy door to fraud. It seems, however, not to be the policy of the Court of Appeal to make any very strenuous efforts to restrict it. The section enacts that" an order of the court under any statutory or other jurisdiction shall not as against a purchaser be invalidated on the ground of want of jurisdiction, or of want of any concurrence, consent, notice, or service, whether the purchaser has notice of any such want or not" ; and the 2nd sub-section applies this rule to the Settled Estates Act, notwithstanding the exception in section 40 of that Act, which provides that an order may be impeached for want of the Concurrence or consent of the proper parties. It will be seen from the report of In re Sail Darks Contract, which we print in another column, that hardly anything could exceed the liberality of the interpretation put upon these enactments by the Court of Appeal. The salient point is, that, while the order

showed upon its face that the court had exceeded its jurisdiction, this was held to be no ground for impeaching it. The Master of the Rolls is reported to have made some observations which sound very like drawing a distinction between notice given to a purchaser and notice given to a purchaser's legal advisers; but we shall wait for a fuller report of his judgment before taking it for granted that he has committed himself to what would in practice almost amount to the abolition of the doctrine of notice. This decision goes a great way beyond the interpretation put upon section 70 by Messrs. Wolstenholme and Tuknee. They say:— "It seems clear that the purchaser must still ascertain that all persons in existence who ought to be parties to the action or other proceeding appear to be parties or otherwise bound" (1st ed., p. 91; the italics are in the original). It is gratifying to know that the authors of the Act intended something more reasonable than what they succeeded in expressing. But, if the court were to give its plain meaning to the phrase, "whether the purchaser has notice of any such want or not," they would have found it difficult to arrive at any other decision. What is there to except notice given by the order itself from these words? The only alternative was to consider an order made otherwise than in a valid exercise of jurisdiction, not to be within the section; thus making nonsense of the words "for want of jurisdiction." We seem here to have an emphatic warning against saying one thing and meaning another; and although we do not wonder at the decision, we do rather wonder that the court seemed to like it.

WHAT CONSTITUTES A "PLACE" USED . FOR BETTING?.

Ceetainly the niceties of the law have their ludicrous aspects, and of this the case of Oallaicay v. Maries (L. R. 8 Q. B. D. 275) is an illustration. We cannot say that we think the decision in that particular case wrong, because it did but*follow out the previous decisions, but it seems to us that in their laudable anxiety to repress what they considered an evil, the judges have very much strained the natural meaning of words, and something very nearly approaching to an absurdity has been the result. We have lately, in relation to another decision, objected to a tendency towards lax interpretation of the terms of the criminal law, and it seems to us that the decision mOallaway v. Maries is a further example of the tendency to which we then alluded. The contrast once made between the letter and the spirit has become proverbial, but the original contrast was not made with regard to mundane statutory enactments, or else we should be disposed to say that it involved a dangerous fallacy. The stretching of the meaning of words to include matters which, quoad the presumed intention of the enactment, come within the same category as the matters ordinarily denoted by such words, almost inevitably ends in absurd distinctions. Having once gone beyond the natural meaning, it is difficult to say logically thus far and no farther, but at the same time the stretch is felt to be getting too great, and as the common saying is, " You must draw the line somewhere."

By the 16 & 17 Vict. c. 119, s. 3, any person who, being the owner or occupier of any house, office, room, or other place, or a person using the same, shall open, keep, or use the same for the purpose of betting with persons resorting thereto, is liable to a penalty. In the case we are discussing the facts were as follows :—The respondent and a companion, having paid for admission, were in a railed inclosure of the grand stand at a race meeting. The companion stood on a small wooden box not attached to the ground; and he and the respondent called out, offering to make, and making, bets with other persons. The companion received the money for bets made, and the respondent booked the same. They stood together in one place within the inclosure during the races. It was held that the fixed and ascertained spot defined in the inclosure by the box, at which the respondent orally advertised his willingness to bet, was a "place" used by him for the purpose of betting with persons resorting thereto within the meaning of the statute above referred to.

The judges who decided the case expressed themselves as very doubtful whether they could have seen their way to this decision but for the light thrown on the subject by the previous decisions. We are not surprised at this. The decision seems to us about as great a stretch of language as it is possible to conceive. A place no doubt, in one sense is a greater or less portion of space. London is a place in one sense, and a person who makes a bet in London uses a place for the purpose of betting, and if he bets habitually •with persons in London he may perhaps be said to use the place for the purpose of betting with persons resorting thereto; but it is obvious that such wide and abstract significations are not contemplated by legal enactments. According to the ordinary canon of construction some definite place ejusdem generis with "house, office, or room" must be meant. It is, therefore, clear that the Legislature intended to stop short of an enactment against the business of betting at large. What may be called ambulatory betting is not within the purview of the enactment. It is quite obvious, indeed, that if it had been, other language would have been employed. There may have been many reasons for this. "We believe the places known as betting offices were really what was aimed at, and the Legislature, certainly not being disposed to make all betting illegal, may have thought it impossible to draw the line between betting pursued as a business and as an amusement. Again, the place in question must be a place capable of being owned or occupied as a house, office, or room is said to be owned or occupied. I occupy in the course of a morning's walk a good many places, but it is obvious that the mere occupation of space is not meant.

Starting, therefore, with the limitation that "place" must be something ejusdem generis with "house, office, or room," we should say that, according to the ordinary and reasonable meaning of words, something in the nature of a substantial structure was requisite to satisfy the words. We do not say that it need be permanent or that it need be fixed to the earth. A booth, a tent, a moveable van, occupying a place temporarily for the purpose of betting, would be sufficient. All those things seem to us to do no violence to the words. But of course such structures, though convenient, are not essential to the bookmaker's business. If he selects some fixed spot at a race-meeting, with some sufficient advertisement of his calling and a conspicuous mark for identification, that is all that is essential. Accordingly in the case of Bows v. Fentoick (L. R. 9 C. P. 339) the respondent employed a stool with a large spiked umbrella fixed in the ground, with his name painted in large letters thereon. This was held to be a "place" within the meaning of the Act. We cannot help doubting whether this decision is correct. No doubt it may be said that a spiked umbrella is but a small tent, and if a tent might be a place, then why not a spiked umbrella? But it seems to us that this is going too far as a matter of construction. You have not got to see merely whether the thing was within the mischief of the Act. Admittedly, it must come within the words. Again, you have not got merely to see whether the thing is a "place." Admittedly, "place," in its broadest abstract meaning, is not what is intended. The question is whether it can fairly be said to be a "place" ejusdem generis with "house, office, or room." It is not, to our mind, enough of a structure to be fairly said to be so. Some absurdity there must be in the process known as drawing the line. It may be, to some extent, absurd that a small tent affixed with ropes and pegs to the ground should be a place, but that a spiked umbrella should not; but, on the other hand, it seems to us that a greater absurdity still is ultimately involved by the line of decisions of which Bows v. Fenwick is one.

The umbrella being thus determined to be illegal, the bookmakers appear to have dropped it, and in the case under discussion only the box in place o£ a stool was used. The use of something to elevate the betting-man above the general crowd seems, if not essential, at any rate highly useful in the exercise of his avocation. The advertisement of his calling and the conspicuous mark of identification may be by means of a hat of great altitude and startling colour with a name thereon, or some similar device, without any umbrella or post or other structural expedient. Probably with some such equipment as this, and his light box to be used as a platform for operations, Mr. Maries sallied forth. The law has now knocked his box or stool from under him. But really to any person endowed with some breadth of view and sense of humour it is obvious that the decisions have gone a great way when it is held that a light portable stool which a man carries about with him and puts up when occasion requires

is a "place" used by him for betting with persons who resort thereto.

Grove, J., in his judgment, protested against the question of the magistrates, which asked whether the box was the "place," saying, as far as we understand him, that it is the box and its site that constitute the place. Of course, as a piece of verbal criticism, this is true, but inasmuch as it seems to be admitted on all hands that the site without the box or some equivalent would not have been a place, the substantial question is whether the box when occupying the site is a "place." We are afraid that these prodigious exertions to stretch the formula sufficiently to include all forms of the mischief supposed to be aimed at are unavailing, and that, strain as the law will at its chain of words, the betting confraternity will succeed in just keeping out of its reach. Would a pair of high clogs in which a man stands at a particular spot be a place? We can hardly see why, according to some of the expressions used by Grove, J., it should not be, and yet surely the words cannot be stretched to that length. It has been held that where a man stood by a particular tree to bet with those resorting to him there, it was not sufficient. It seems difficult to think that there can be so much virtue in a box or three-legged stool. If a man persistently stands at a particular spot to bet, he does not use a place for betting. If he persistently stands on a stool at a particular place to bet, he does. This seems to us to favour much of what the gravedigger called "good Crowner's Quest law." We are not sorry that obstacles should be thrown in the way of the bookmaker. To our mind a more pestilent member of society could hardly be found, but we do not believe in stretching the words of penal enactments, however great the apparent advantage to be secured thereby.

THE JUDICIAL STATISTICS.

Criminal Proceedings.

There was a decrease in the number of persons for trial in England and Wales in 1880 of 1,618, or 9°8 per cent. This is the smallest number since the year 1875, and with the exception of that year the smallest number during the last twenty years. The decrease shown in the year 1880 is stated to be, to some extent, due to the Summary Jurisdiction Act, 1879, which came into operation on the 1st of January, 1880. The numbers for trial in 1879 were 16,388, and in 1880, 14,770. Of this latter number 6,089 were tried at quarter sessions, 1,920 at Middlesex county sessions, 3,144 at borough sessions, 2,497 at assizes, and 1,120 at the Central Criminal Court. Of these 14,770 persons sent for trial, 33 were not prosecuted or were admitted as witnesses j against 586 no bills were found, and 2,897 were found not guilty; 16 were acquitted on the ground of insanity, and 24 were found insane. The remaining 11,214 were oonvicted, of whom 28 were sentenced to death, 1,523 to penal servitude, and 9,147 to imprisonment; 183 were sent to reformatories, and 333 were fined or discharged on sureties. The proportion of the convictions to the numbers for trial was 75*9 per cent. On liberation from prison 1,433 of the persons committed will become liable to police supervision under the Prevention of Crimes Act, 1871. In 1880 it appears that 28 persons, of whom 7 were females, were sentenced to death for murder; 13, who were all males, were executed, and the sentences of the remaining 15 were commuted to terms of penal servitude.

Crown Cases Eeserved. Twelve cases were, during 1880, submitted to the Court of Criminal Appeal, in one of which two persons were concerned. In 1879 there were 7 cases so submitted. In 7 of the cases submitted in 1880 the conviction was affirmed and in 5 reversed.

Costs Op Criminal Prosecutions. The sums paid by the Treasury on account of criminal proseoutions at assizes and quarter sessions and at the Central Criminal Court, and for proceedings under the Criminal Justice and Juvenile Offenders Acts, are, for the year 1879, as follows:—At assizes 2,368 cases cost £36,021 18s. lOd.; at the Central Criminal Criminal Court 957 cases cost £8,362 7s. Id.; at county quarter sessions 6,346 cases cost £53,717 16s. 2d.; at Middlesex quarter sessions 1,842 cases cost £9,225 7s.; at borough quarter sessions 3,078 cases cost £21,085 19s. lid., making a total of 14,591 cases, at a total cost of £128,413 9s., or an average of £8 16s. in each case. Besides these there were 21,122 cases under the Criminal Justice and Juvenile Offenders Acts which cost £19,342 10s. 5d., being an average of 18s. 3d. for each case. As compared with the numbers in the previous year there is an increase of 137 in the number of indictments and of 20 in the number of summary proceedings, but a

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