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(1907), and Oklahoma (1907). A state prohibition amendment was defeated in Florids in November, 1910.
While a number of bills for federal prohibition have been introduced in Congress the only federal legislation of a prohibitionist nature enacted has had refer ence to the sale of alcoholic liquors to Indians living in tribal relations and to the sale of intoxicating beverages in army canteens (1901).
The National Woman's Christian Temperance Union was organized in Cleveland, Ohio, November 18-20, 1874, incorporated March 1, 1883. It is now organized in every state of the Union. There are about 12,000 local unions, with a membership and following, including the children's societies, of about half a million. The W. C. T. U. has forty distinct departments of work, presided over by as many women experts in the national society and in nearly every state. the states in the republic have laws requiring the study of scientific temperance in the public schools, and all these laws were secured by the W. C. T. U.: also the laws forbidding the sale of tobacco to minors. The first police matrons and many industrial homes for girls were secured through the efforts of the society: also refuges for erring women. Laws raising the age of consent and providing for better protection for women and girls have been enacted by many Legislatures through the influence of the union.
The World's Woman's Christian Temperance Union was founded through the influence of Miss Frances E. Willard in 1883 and already has auxiliaries in more than fifty countries and provinces. The white ribbon is the badge of all the W. C. T. U. members.
The headquarters of the national organization is the Willard Rest Cottage, Evanston, Ill. The following are the officers: President, Mrs. Lillian M. N. Stevens, Portland, Me.; vice-president-at-large, Miss Anna A. Gordon, Evanston. Ill.; corresponding secretary, Mrs. Frances P. Parks, Evanston, Ill.; recording secretary, Mrs. Elizabeth Preston Anderson, Valley City, N. D.; treasurer, Mrs Elizabeth P. Hutchinson, Evanston Ill.
Officers of the World's W. C. T. U. are: President, the Countess of Carlisle. Castle Howard, York, England; vice-president, Mrs. Lillian M. N. Stevens, Portland, Me.; secretaries, Miss Agnes E. Slack, Ripley, Derbyshire, England, and Miss Anna A. Gordon, Evanston, Ill.; treasurer, Mrs. Mary E. Sanderson, Danville Quebec, Canada.
INTERNATIONAL WOMAN SUFFRAGE ALLIANCE.
The International Woman Suffrage Alliance is a federation of national suffrage associations and numbers twenty-three national auxiliaries. Its officers are: Prestdent, Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, No. 2 West 86th street, New York, N. Y.; first vice-president, Mrs. Millicent Fawcett, LL. D., London, England; second vice-presi dent, Miss Annie Furuhjelm, Helsingfors, Finland; secretaries, Miss Martina Kramers, Rotterdam, Holland; Mrs. Anna Lindemann, Stuttgart, Germany; Miss Signe Bergman, Stockholm, Sweden. The next meeting will be held in Stockholm, Jure 12 to 17, 1911.
The affiliated associations are:
Australia-Women's Political Association; president, Miss Vida Goldstein, Whitehall, Bank Place, Melbourne.
Belgium-President, Mme. Dr. Julie Gilain, 39 Rue Charles Martel, Brussels. Bulgaria-Woman's Rights Alliance; president, Mme. 1. Malinoff, Uliza GrafIgnatieff II, Sofia.
Canada-Dominion Woman Suffrage Association; president, Dr. Augusta Stowe Gullen, 461 Spadina avenue, Toronto. Denmark-Danske Kvindeforenigers Valgretsforbund; president, Fru Louise Norlund, 28 Ahlefeldtsgade, Copenhagen. Finland-Finsk
Kvinnosaksforbundet Unionem; president, Annie Furuhjelm. France-President, Mme. Dr. Jeanne E. Schmahl, 41 Rue Gazan, Paris. Germany-Deutscher Verband für Frauenstimmrecht; president, Dr. Jur. Anits Augspurg, Huglfing, Oberbayern. Great Britain-Union of Woman Suffrage Societies; president, Mrs. Millicent Fawcett, 2 Gower street, London.
Hungary-Feministak Egyesulete; president, Fräulein Vilma Glücklich, VI Kemnitzer-u-19, Budapest. Italy-Comitato Nazionale per 11 Voto alla Donna; president, Signora Giacenta Martini, Piazza Pilotta 5, Rome.
Netherlands-Vereeniging voor Vrouwenklesrecht; president, Dr. Aletta Jacobs, Norway-Landskvindestemmeretsforenigen; president, Fru F. M. Qvam, Gjevran Russia-Union of Defenders of Women's Rights; secretary, Mme. Marie Tschekoff, Rue Nikolaevskala, Maison 84, log 9, St. Petersburg.
Servia-President, Mrs. Savka Subbotitch, 17 Brancova ouliza, Belgrade.
Irene Ashby Macfadyen, Lunderston, Plumstead. Natal: Women's Suffrage League; president, Mrs. Oona Anketill, 160 Bellevue road, Durban.
Sweden-Landsforeningen för Kvinnans Politiska Röstratt; president, Dr. Lydia Wahlström, 22 Johannesgatan, Stockholm.
Switzerland-Verband für Frauenstimmrecht; president, M. M. de Morsler, Dep
The United States-National-American Woman Suffrage Association; president, Rev. Anna H. Shaw, Moylan, Penn.
Affiliated committees are:
Austria-Frau E. von Furth, VIII Reichsratsgasse, Vienna.
THE WOMEN'S POLITICAL UNION.
This organization was formerly called the Equality League of Self-Supporting Women. Its headquarters are at No. 46 East 29th street, New York City. The officers are: Founder and president, Harriot Stanton Blatch; vice-president, Elizabeth Ellsworth Cook; secretary, L. L. Dock; treasurer, Marcia Townsend; auditor, Kate H. Cleghorn; executive board, Eunice Dana Brannan, Nora Blatch de Forest, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Clara Grymes, Florence Kelley, Caroline Lexow, Mary Murphy, Alice J. G. Perkins, Bertha Rembaugh and Sarah Splint.
CARNEGIE PEACE FUND.
On December 14, 1910. Andrew Carnegie transferred to a board of trustees $10,000,000 in 5 per cent first mortgage bonds, valued at $11,500,000, the revenue of which will be used to hasten the abolition of international war and establish a lasting world peace. The method by which the annual income of half a million dollars shall be expended is left by Mr. Carnegie entirely in the hands of the trustees. The foundation is to be perpetual. and, when the establishment of universal peace is attained, the donor provides that the revenue shall be devoted to the banishment of the "next most degrading evil or evils," the suppression of which would "most advance the progress, elevation and happiness of man.'
The trustees of the fund are Elihu Root, Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, Dr. Henry S. Pritchett, Joseph H. Choate, Albert K. Smiley, Charles W. Eliot, James Brown Scott, John W. Foster, Andrew J. Montague, William M. Howard, Trustees of Thomas Burke, James L. Slayden, Andrew D. White, Robert S. the Fund. Brookings, Samuel Mather, J. G. Schmidlapp, Arthur William Foster, R. A. Franks, Charlemagne Tower, Oscar Straus, Austen G. Fox, John L. Cadwalader, John Sharp Williams, C. L. Taylor, George W. Perkins, Robert S. Woodward and Cleveland H. Dodge. Senator Root was chosen president of the board and James Brown Scott, Solicitor of the State Department, secretary.
DEATHS OF 1910.
To keep this record complete and continuous deaths are included which occurred after December 24, 1909.
AGASSIZ, Alexander, scientist, 75,
sea. March 28. ALEXANDER, Edward P., brigadier general, C. S. A., military critic, 74. Savannah, Ga., April 28. AMES, James B., dean of the Harvard Law School, writer on legal subjects, 63. Cambridge, Mass., January 8. ANDERSON, A. L., brigadier general, U. S. A., 75, Santa Barbara, Cal., June 9.
ANDREWS, Wesley R., Pennsylvania editor and politician, 72, Washington, D. C.. February 5.
ATKINSON. Louis E., ex-Representative
ATWATER, John M., ex-Representative
BARKER, George Frederick, physicist
BENEDICT, Frank Lee, magazine editor and author, 76, Philadelphia, Penn., December 17.
BEARD, W. D., Chief Justice of the Su-
BEVERIDGE, John L., ex-Governor of
BIDDLE, Craig, Philadelphia jurist, 87,
BIDDLE, James, brigadier general, U.
BOWERS, Lloyd W., Solicitor General of
BOWNE. the Rev. Dr. Borden P.. teacher and philosophical and theological writer. 63. Brookline, Mass.. April 1. BRADLEY, Luther P., brigadier general, U. S. A. (retired), 87, Tacoma, Wash.. March 13.
BRADY, the Rt. Rev. John,
Roman Catholic auxiliary bishop of Boston, 67, Boston, Mass., January 6. BRAYTON, Charles R., brevet brigadier general, U. S. V., Rhode Island polltician, 70, Providence, R. I., September 23. BREWER, David J., Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 72, Washington, D. C., March 28.
BREWER, William H., geographer and explorer, 82, New Haven, Conn., November 2.
BROWARD, Napoleon B., ex-Governor' of Florida, 53, Jacksonville, Fla., October 1.
BRYANT, David E., United States District Judge for the eastern district of Texas, 60, St. Louis, Mo., February 5. BURGESS, Neil, actor, 58, New York City, February 19.
BYRNES, Thomas, New York police superintendent, 68, New York City, May 7.
CANDLER, Allen D., ex-Governor of Georgia, ex-Representative in Congress from Georgia, 66, Atlanta, Ga., October 26.
CALL, Wilkinson, ex-United States Senator from Florida, 76, Washington, D. C., August 24.
CARR, Eugene A., major general U. S.
CARLISLE, John G., ex-Speaker of the
Henry Guy, author and playwright, 64, Hot Springs, Ark., December 10.
CHANUTE, Octave, engineer and pioneer in air navigation, 78, Chicago, Ill., November 23.
CLAY, Alexander S., United States Senator from Georgia, 57, Atlanta, Ga., November 13.
CLEMENS, Samuel L. ("Mark Twain"), author and humorist, 74, Redding, Conn., April 21.
CLEMENT, Clay, actor and dramatist, 46. Kansas City, Mo., February 21. CLARKE, Creston, actor, 44, Asheville, N. C., March 21. CONVERSE, John H., locomotive builder and philanthropist, 69, Rosemont, Pa., May 3.
COMSTOCK, Cyrus B., brigadier general, U. S. A. (retired), 79, New York City,
in Congress from Virginia, 67, Lynet burg, Va., June 29. DAVIS, Mrs. Rebecca Harding, author. 80, Mt. Kisco, N. Y., September 29 DAY, the Rev. Dr. Charles Orrin, the logian, ex-president Andover Theologi cal Seminary, 58, Andover, Mass. April 5. DAYTON, Charles W., Justice of the Spreme Court of New York, ex-Postm.aster of New York City, 64, New York City, Dec. 7.
DEXTER, Henry, founder and presiden
DILL, James B., ex-judge of the New
DOLLIVER, Jonathan P., United States Senator from Iowa, ex-Representative from Iowa, 52, Fort Dodge, Ia, O tober 15.
DONOHUE, Charles, ex-Justice of the
DRAPER, William F., brigadier general
ECKERT, Thomas T., brevet brigadie general, U. S. V., general superintes ent of military telegraph in Civil War. ex-president of the Western Union Telegraph Company, 85, New York City, October 19.
EDDY, Mrs. Mary Baker Glover, founder of the Christian Science Church, Chestnut Hill, Mass., Dec. 3. EDWARDS, Julien, composer, 55, Yonkers, N. Y., September 4. ENTWISTLE, James, rear admiral, S. N. (retired), 71, Paterson, N. J March 23. EVERETT, William, ex-Representative in Congress from Massachusetts clergyman and author, 70, Quincy Mass., February 16. FIGUERAS, José M., Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Porto Rico, San Juan, P. R., Dec. 2. FINN, Daniel E., New York City magis trate and politician, 64, New Yor City, March 23.
FOOTE, Wallace T., jr., ex-Represents tive in Congress from New York, New York City, December 17. FOSS, the Rev. Dr. Cyrus D., Methodis Episcopal bishop. 75, Philadelphia Penn., January 29. FOSTER, Mrs. Judith Ellen H., lecturer and reformer, 70, Washington, D. C. August 11.
FOULKROD, William W., Representa tive in Congress from Pennsylvania 63. Philadelphia, Penn., November 13 FOX, James D., Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Missouri, 63, St. Louis Mo., October 6.
FRENCH, Samuel G., major general, C.
GILLIS, James H., Rear Admiral, U. S.
GILIBERT, Charles, opera singer, 44,
GOODYEAR, Ellsworth D. S., brigadier general, U. S. V., 84, North Haven, Conn., September 3.
GRANT, Hugh G., ex-Mayor of New York, 52, New York City, November 3. GRIGGS, James M., Representative in Congress from Georgia, 48, Dawson, Ga., January 5.
HAMMOND, the Rev. Edward Payson, evangelist and religious writer, 78, Hartford, Conn., August 14. HANSON, John F., Georgia railroad man, 70, Atlanta, Ga., December 15. HARRIS, A. B., ex-Governor of Louisiana, Chicago, Ill., April 13. HARRIS, Joseph S., ex-President of the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad, 74, Philadelphia, Penn., June 2. HASBROUCK, Henry C., Brigadier General, U. S. A. (retired), 71, Newburg, N. Y., Dec. 17.
HAWKINS, Hamilton S., brigadier gen-
HOWE. Mrs. Julia Ward, author and philanthropist, 91, Middletown, R. 1., October 17.
HOYT, Henry M., counsellor for the Department of State, ex-Solicitor General of the United States, 53, Washington, D. C., November 20.
HUYLER, John S., candy manufacturer and philanthropist, 64, Rye, N. Y., October 1.
JAMES, Louis, actor, 67, Helena, Mont., March 5.
JAMES, William, philosopher, 68, Chocorua, N. H., August 26. JOURDAN, James, major general, U. S.
V., Brooklyn politician and business man, 79, Brooklyn, N. Y.. November 1. JOHNSTON, George D., brigadier general, C. S. A., ex-United States Civil Service Commissioner, 78, Tuscaloosa, Ala., Dec. 8.
JOHNSTONE, Ralph, aviator, holder of
world's record for high flight, 30, Denver, Col., November 17. JONES, Alford M. ("Long Jones"), Illinois politician, 73, Milwaukee, Wis., July 10. KASSON, John A., ex-Representative in Congress from Iowa, ex-United States Minister to Austria-Hungary and to Germany, diplomat and author, 88, Washington, D. C., May 18.
KELLY, Myra (Mrs. Allan MacNaughtan). short-story writer, Forgway, England, March 31.
KENDALL, Ezra F., comedian, 48, Martinsville, Ind., January 23. KEYES, Elisha W., Wisconsin politician, 82, Madison, Wis., Nov. 30. KING, Adam E., ex-United States Consul General at Paris, Maryland politiclan, 67. Baltimore, Md., November 19. LA FARGE, John, painter and glass and mural decorator, 75, Providence, R. I., November 14.
LANDON, Melville De Lancey ("Eli
MCENERY, Samuel D., United States
MCGRAW, John H., ex-Governor of Washington, 60, Seattle, Wash., June
23. McVICKAR, the Rt. Rev. William N., Protestant Episcopal bishop of Rhode Island, 67. Beverly, Mass., June 28. MARSHALL, James W., ex-Postmaster General, ex-First Assistant Postmaster General, 87, Washington, D. C., February 5. MAXWELL, J. Rogers, financier and yachtsman, 64, Brooklyn, December 11. MERRITT, Wesley, Major General, U. S. A. (retired), 74, Natural Bridge, Va., Dec. 3.
MEYER. Cord, New York business man and politician, 56, Great Neck, L. I.. October 11.
MICKEY, John H., ex-Governor of Nebraska, 60, Osceola, Neb., June 2. MILLS. D. O., pioneer, banker and philanthropist, 84, Millbrae, Cal., January 3.
MOODY, William V., poet and playwright, 41, Colorado Springs, Col., October 17.
MUNGER, the Rev. Dr. Theodore T., religious writer, 79, New Haven, Conn., January 11.
NILES, William H., geologist and teacher, 72, Boston, Mass., September 13.
OATES, William C., ex-Governor of Alabama, Representative in Congress from Alabama, colonel, C. S. A., and brigadier general, U. S. V., 75, Montgomery, Ala., September 9.
OAKES, James, brigadier general, U. S. V., 85, Washington, D. C., November 27. OVERSTREET, Jesse, ex-Representative in Congress from Indiana, 50, Indianapolis, Ind., May 27. PAINE, Robert Treat, philanthropist, president of the American Peace Society, 74, Waltham, Mass., August 11. PATTERSON, Edward, ex-Justice of the Supreme Court of New York, 79, New York, January 28,
PATTERSON, Robert W., editor of the
ex-Minister of the United States to Switzerland, 71, Kansas City, Mo., September 24. PERKINS, James B., Representative in Congress from New York, 62, Washington, D. C., March 11.
PLATT, Thomas C., ex-United States Senator from New York, ex-Representative in Congress from New York, 77, New York City, March 6. PORTER, William Sidney ("O. Henry"), short story writer, 43, New York City,
RANDOLPH, Wallace F., major general, U. S. A. (retired), 69, Washington, D. C., Dec. 9.
RANKEN, David, jr., philanthropist, 74, Atlantic City, N. J., August 18. REMINGTON, Frederick, illustrator and sculptor, 47, Ridgefield, Conn., December 26, 1909.
RIDDLE, George, actor and Shakepearian reader., Boston, Nov. 26. RIDGWAY, James W., ex-District Attorney of Kings County, Democratic politician, 58, Paris, France, July 28. ROBERTS, W. P., brigadier general, C. S. A.,, Norfolk, Va., March 27. ROBERTSON, Beverly H., brigadier general, C. S. A., 83, Washington, D. C., November 13.
ROELKER, Charles R., rear admiral, U.
S. N. (retired), 69, Washington, D. C., September 29.
ROLFE, William J., scholar and Shakespearean editor, 83, Tisbury, Mass., July 7.
ROSSER, Thomas L., major general, C. S. A., brigadier general, U. S. V., 73, Charlottsville, Va., March 29. ROSSITER, Edward Van Wyck, New York railroad man, 66, New York City, December 11.
RUCKER, Daniel H., brigadier general, U. S. A. (retired), former quartermaster general of the army, 98, Washington, D. C., January 6.
RUGG, the Rev. Dr. Henry W., Masonic writer and official, 78, Providence, R. I., July 21.
SAVAGE, Mrs. Richard Henry, lecturer and writer, 67, New York City, July 7. SCHOEFFEL, Agnes Booth, actress, 63, Brookline, Mass., January 2. SCHAEFER, Jacob, billiardist, 54, Denver, Col., March 8.
SCOTT, Harvey W., journalist, editor of "The Portland Oregonlan," 72, Baltimore, Md., August 7.
SHEPHERD, James E., ex-Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of North Carolina, 62, Baltimore, Md., February 7.
SILLIMAN, Horace B., philanthropist, 84, Cohoes, N. Y., May 4. SEWARD, George F., insurance presdent, ex-United States Minister to Korea and to China, 70, New York City, November 28. SIMMONS, J. Edward, financier and banker, 58, Lake Mohonk, N. Y., Âogust 5. SMITH, Charles Sprague, Bociologist. founder of the People's Institute, New York City, 56, Montclair, N. J., March 30. SPAETH, the Rev. Dr. Adolph, Lutheran theologian, 69, Philadelphia, Penn., SPELLMEYER, the Rev. Dr. Henry, Methodist Episcopal bishop, 62, Atlantic City, March 12.
SULLIVAN, Daniels ("Daniel Sully"). actor, 54, Woodstock, N. Y., June 25 SUMNER, William G., Yale University
professor, writer and lecturer on po litical economy, 70, Englewood, N. J. April 12.
SWOPE, John A., ex-Representative ta Congress from Pennsylvania, 87, Washington, D. C., Dec. 6.
TAYLER, Robert W., United States District Judge for the Northern District of Ohio, ex-Representative in Congress from Ohio, 58, Cleveland, Ohio, November 26.
TAYLOR, Horace A., ex-Assistant Sec-
THOMPSON, Albert C., United States
TRASK, Spencer, banker and philan thropist, 65, Croton, N. Y.. December 31, 1909.
TREAT, Charles H., ex-Treasurer of the United States, 68, New York City. May 31.
TREE, Lambert, ex-United States Minister to Belgium and to Russia, 1. New York City, October 9. TREMAIN, Henry E., brigadier general. U. S. V., New York, lawyer and journalist, 70. New York City, Dec. 9. TRUAX, Charles H., ex-Justice of the Supreme Court of New York, 63, New York City, January 14.
TURLEY, Thomas B., ex-United States Senator from Tennessee, 65, Memphis, Tenn.. July 1.
TWOMBLY, Hamilton McK., railroad manager, 60, Morristown, N. J., January 11. VAN CLEAVE. James Wallace, expresident National Association Manufacturers. antagonist of labor, 61, St. Louis, Mo., May 15. VEEDER, William D., ex-Representative in Congress from New York, ex-Surregate of Kings County, 76, Brooklyn,