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Registration city.

Los Angeles, Cal.
San Francisco, Cal.
New Haven, Conn.
Denver, Col..
Washington, D. C.
Chicago, Ill..
Indianapolis, Ind.
Louisville, Ky..
New Orleans, La.
Baltimore, Md.
Boston, Mass..
Fall River, Mass.
Worcester, Mass.
Detroit, Mich....
Minneapolis, Minn..
St. Paul, Minn.
Kansas City, Mo.
St. Joseph, Mo..
St. Louis, Mo..
Omaha, Neb..
Jersey City, N. J..
Newark, N. J..
Paterson, N. J.
Buffalo, N. Y.
New York, N. Y.

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Total.

(2)

Deaths in the registration area. 1909.
Male.

Female.

140 22,399

17,791

34,931

13,643

5,750

38,321
1,215

772

Annual

average:
1901 to
1905.

20.9

17.5

19.3

20.6

14.3

15.2

18.6

22.6

19.7

18.8

20.3

16.8

15.2

10.2

10.0

17.2

7.7

2.875

4,758

1,790

1,122

3,409

1,052

* Exclusive of deaths of children under ten years of age.

65.9

63.5

37,273

5,901

15.8

24,524

17,888

72.9

6,494

5,429

83.6

2,268

1,430

63.1

33,672

61.7

20.771
76,249 21,684 28.4

16.2

14.9

*Occupation
stated.

9.6

10.0

19.7

7.9

Number.

105 15,409

5,299 25,043

8,757
1,711

16,866

799

540

1904. 1905.

($)

20.8

17.2

19.6

20.8

13.8

16.3

19.8

22.3

20.1

18.3

19.6

2,248

668

1,369

47.6

8,894 81.8

1,372

76.6

604

53.8

(2)

20.1

18.7

19.2

20.5

13.8

14.1

18.1

Per cent.

23.7

19.6

18.5

19.9

17.7

14.4

9.4

10.0

16.9

7.6

75.0

68.8

29.8

71.7

64.2

29.8

44.0

65.8

69.9

Number of deaths from all causes1 for 1,000
population.

DEATH RATE OF AMERICAN CITIES, 1904 TO 1909.

The following table shows the death rate for various American cities from 1904 to 1905 and the average quinquennial rate from 1901 to 1905:

21.1

20.5

14.2

14.6

18.2

21.7

19.4

18.9

19.7

17.8

17.0

10.3

10.3

Total.

15.3

8.2

127

21,733

12,733

31,040

10,842

6,377

31,712

867

647

2,332

2,287

2,525

1,489

2,359

966

32,940

18,888

7,791

1,908

1,348

9,847

69,687

(2)
18.6

23.5

20.3

15.3

15.2

18.1

24.0

19.9

19.2

22.5

19.6

16.5

10.4

10.6

18.0

9.2

*Occupation

stated.

Number

22 1,625

708

2,834

821

207

1,926

98

59

1906. 1907. 1908. 1909.

(2)

(2)
(2)

8

(2)

19.1

16.9

16.9

187

216

231

189

355

96

975

2,004

803

430

181

700

3,504

23.6

19.3

14.0

13.5

16.0

22.7

18.3

19.1

22.1

17.4

Per

cent.

15.6

10.3

10.1

16.8

8.3

17.3

7.5

5.6

9.1

7.6

3.2

6.1

11.3

9.1

8.0

9.4

9.1

12.7

15.0

9.9

3.0

10.6

10.3

22.5

13.4

7.1

5.0

17.0

19.0

14.6

14.3

(*)

20.2

18.7

16.8

19.1

15.5

14.0

(8)

11.4

14.4 113.7 15.8

Bronx Borough.
Brooklyn Borough..
Manhattan Borough.
Queens Borough..
Richmond Borough.
Rochester, N. Y
Syracuse, N. Y..
Cincinnati, Ohio..
Cleveland, Ohio.
Columbus, Ohio
Toledo, Ohio..

16.9

15.5

19.0

20.9

17.8

11.1

19.3

18.7

18.2

19.5

16.1

19.0

14.6

14.5

19.3

15.5

15.9

14.1

18.8

11.5

20.8

19.5

18.0

16.0

20.1

21.5

18.8

21.2

16.1

20.4

15.0

15.2

20.8

15.4

16.9

13.7

16.9

10.8

19.0

17.7

16.6

15.6

18.4

20.3

17.6

18.8

16.1

19.2

15.3

15.5

19.2

14.7

15.7

13.7

15.6

11.4

19.5

19.2

17.7

16.6

18.6

21.9

18.0

18.5

17.3

20.0

15.5

15.5

20.8

16.0

16.2

14.7

15.7

12.4

19.5

19.5

16.1

17.1

18.7

21.1

18.2

18.7

17.8

21.2

16.2

15.9

18.5

16.2

16.6

14.7

14.5

12.1

17.8

17.3

16.2

15.9

16.8

20.1

16.3

16.7

15.9

19.6

14.6

(*)

16.8

16.5

15.3

15.2

16.0

15.9

15.4

16.6

14.2

18.1

14.4

14.5

16.4

16.5

18.5

14.2

12.9 16.4 14.0 14.0 14.6

Registration city.

[blocks in formation]

Rome

Milan

Turin

Venice
Bucharest
New York.
Chicago
Philadelphia
Boston

Number of deaths from all causes1 per 1,000 of

population.

Annual average: 1901 to

1905.

Allegheny, Pa... Philadelphia, Pa.. Pittsburg, Pa.. Scranton, Pa.. Providence, R. I. Memphis, Tenn... Milwaukee, Wis.. 1 Exclusive of stillbirths. Rates in bold-faced type are based upon census figures or intercensal estimates, except that for St. Joseph, which is computed directly upon the population, April 15, 1910. Other rates based upon postcensal estimates, are subject to revision.

Population not estimated.

Population not available.

Annexed to Pittsburg, December 9, 1907.
Includes Allegheny.

18.4

18.2

1904.

20.7

16.3

18.8

18.3

13.2

17.8

18.8

19.8

1905.

17.9

18.5

19.5

13.6

18.8

17.7

20.0

18.2

17.5

17.9

13.0

1881. 1886. 1891. 1896. 1901.

to
to
to
to
1885. 1890. 1895. 1900.

to
1905.

20.9 19.7 18.8 18.5 16.1

19.6 19.7 19.7 19.0

26.0 23.1 22.8

17.3
19.5

21.2
30.6 29.5 28.8 28.9

24.7 24.4 25.1 23.4
20.1 21.0 16.7 15.5
20.8 17.9 14.3 12.1
31.0 26.7 25.3 23.1

23.3

16.3

20.7 20.1 15.2 14.6
24.4 23.0 21.2 19.2

18.0

23.4 21.2 20.2 17.2

15.2

25.1 22.4 19.2

16.7
24.2 22.0 20.8 18.0

23.3 20.8 18.7
22.3 22.3 20.2
24.3 21.2 20.0
19.9 22.3 19.0

14.7
15.6
16.2 14.4
17.6 16.1
16.1

18.2

17.5

15.3

32.8 26.8 25.3 24.6

23.5

33.3 33.6 29.2 28.7 26.6

26.5 22.4 20.5 18.1 17.0
25.2 25.3 24.2 17.3 16.3
25.0 22.1 20.6 19.0 17.6
31.3 28.8 27.4 25.0 23.7

30.4 28.3 25.8 23.9

21.0 28.2 25.1 24.1 21.1 19.1 32.7 29.6 27.1 24.4 22.6

31.5 30.8 25.5

21.6 19.8 31.1 30.4 29.8 27.5 26.3

26.8 25.9 21.4

18.1
23.2

19.8
22.1

30.3 30.4 27.4

27.2 23.5 21.6 19.8

1906. 1907.

DEATH RATE IN CITIES OF THE WORLD.

The death rates of the larger American cities for the year lie for the most part between 14 and 17 per 1,000 and are about 2 or 3 per 1,000 lower than they were ten years ago. Comparison with the death rates of foreign cities for recent years may be made by means of the following table, taken from the annual summary published by the Registrar General of England and Wales:

24.9

20.8

14.0
11.5

$28.3 28.0
(?)

25.1
(?)
(?)
27.5 25.8 24.6
21.5 19.5 20.6
22.3 20.6 21.1
24.9 23.5 23.6

19.6
22.8 22.2
24.6 23.3
20.3 18.9
15.2 14.2
19.2 18.1
18.8

20.9

30.5 33.1 38.2 29.2

Rio de Janeiro..

Average for four years.

27.9

[blocks in formation]

1908.

(4)
17.4

516.5

16.5

16.8

17.5

13.6

1906. 1907. 1908. 1909.

21.3
18.0
17.5

17.3
19.3 19.8
19.1 20.2

25.7 25.4
18.7 18.2
21.6 20.3
19.2 19.3

(?) 19.7 22.0

22.4 25.1
18.3 18.5

23.9
16.5

14.2 15.3

14.1

18.6 18.3

17.2

18.9

19.2

22.3 20.8

15.1 14.6
13.8 14.0
16.0 16.2 15.2 15.3
17.8 18.5 17.7 17.5
24.7 23.0

24.1

22.4

20.1

18.2

21.3 19.5 12.8 13.8 10.5 11.0 10.3

13.6

12.5

10.3

22.6

23.0

22.9
17.2

(?)
22.3

20.2

20.1

17.5

17.4

17.6 18.5
14.6 13.7
13.7 13.4
13.9 14.3

14.5 13.9
13.0 13.1
13.7 12.6
14.0 13.4 13.8 12.7

15.4 15.2 16.4 14.5

14.6 14.3 15.9 14.3
13.3 13.1 14.0 12.7
25.0 24.7 28.6 24.6
25.7 27.5 28.0 29.6
15.8 15.4 15.4 15.1
15.3 14.8 15.3 14.6
15.4 14.9 15.3 14.0
22.3 20.5 20.3
18.1 17.9 17.6

17.6 16.8

19.1

19.2

24.6

20.1
19.3
24.2
18.5 19.3
18.4 20.3
18.7 15.4

22.1

26.4

16.2

19.1

31.8

14.1

15.8

1909.

17.7

19.5

(4) 16.4

515.8

16.3

16.1

(8)

13.6

and 1901 to 1905...

23.0 11.7

25.0 18.6

15.8

30.3

44.7

24.8

21.3

26.2

35.0

41.4

35.5

38.2

27.8

33.7

23.1

28.4

20.1

35.8

35.3

29.6

24.3

30.9

32.3

30.9

37.1

15.4

26.1

27.1

27.9 21.6

(?)

31.3

34.0

18.8

24.5

8.5

STATISTICS OF ILLITERACY.

The term "illiterate" includes all persons at least ten years of age unable to write their own language, the majority of them being also unable to read.

In continental United States illiterates form about one-tenth (106.6 per 1,000) of the population at least ten years of age.

The available statistics of illiteracy in European countries generally refer to army recruits, and are, therefore, fairly comparable with the statistics in the United States for native white males twenty-one to twenty-four years of age. According to this comparison, the proportion of illiterates in continental United States (38 per 1,000 for the class referred to) is less than that in any European country, except Germany, Sweden and Norway, Denmark, Finland, Switzerland and Scotland. In the Netherlands, England and France the number per 1,000 is not much higher than in the United States. but in the remaining countries of Europe illiteracy is much more prevalent than in this country.

The following table shows the proportion of illiterates in specified groups of population in the principal countries of Europe and in the United States, the white male population of the United States between twenty-one and twenty-four years of age being taken as an equivalent to the army recruits, from which the proportion of illiterates in most European countries is derived: PROPORTION ILLITERATE IN SPECIFIED POPULATION OF COUNTRIES OR STATES IN EUROPE, AT RECENT DATES.*

[blocks in formation]

Race and Nativity.

1 Per

1,000

illiter Year

ate.

Native white...
Foreign born white.

Negro, Indian and Mongolian..

Total..

State or Territory.

Alabama
Arizona

Sex.

1.1 1896 Male.
1.1 1893 Male.
5.4 1891 Male.

16.0

1892 Male and female over
10 years.
3.0 1897 Male.
35.7

1893 Male and female..

38,0] 1900 Native white males,
21 to 24 years.
40.0 1897 Male..

58.0 1893 Male and female.

49.0 1897 Male.

128.0 1897 Male.

170.0 1893 Male and female..

238.0 1895 Male.

281.0 1894 Male.

300.0 1897 Male and female.

383.0 1895 Male..

681.0 1889 Male.

790.0 1890 Male and female.
617.0 1894 Male..
860.0 1890 Male.
1892 Male.

890.0

Derived from the report of the United States Commissioner of Education, 18991900, Vol. 1.

NUMBER AND PROPORTION ILLITERATE IN POPULATION AT LEAST TEN YEARS OF AGE, CLASSIFIED BY RACE AND NATIVITY, FOR CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES, 1900 AND 1890.

The following table shows the number and proportion of illiterates of at least ten years of age in the United States in 1890 and 1900, classified by race and nativity: Population at least 10 years of age. Illiterate.

Basis.

Army recruits.
Army recruits.
Army recruits.

1890.

Census.

Army recruits.
Marriage certificates.

Male. Female. Total.

212,579) 231,011
14,404 12,903

443,590
27,307

[blocks in formation]

Number. 1900. 1900. I 1890. 141,236,662 33,144,187||1,913.611|2,065,003 10,014,256 8,786,8871.287,135 1,147,571 6,698,906 5,482.4852,979,323 3,112,128||444.7|567.6 157.949,824 47,413,559||6,180,069 6,324,702||106.61133.4

ILLITERATE POPULATION BY STATES.

The following table shows the illiterate population ten years of age and upward in 1900, by states and territories and by sex, race and nativity:

103,570

3,096

.White.

Foreign

Native. born.

Per 1,000.

1900.[1890. 46.41 62.3 128.51130.6

1,313 7,552

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

157,027

13,582

159,419

6,160

150,047
156,801

2,811

9,507

157,890)
7,360

41,429

34,284

1,866

Female. Total.

99,172 190,655

58,959

22,515
9,005

17,779

42,973

17.531

22,044

8,649

12,221 42,865

248,540

[blocks in formation]

8,672

156,883
157,217

[ocr errors]

3,330

6,740 154,230

20,028

84,285

480,420
5,505
157,958

90,539

52,052

40,172

32.513

262,954
381,145

29,060

12,719

131,541
15,774

10,686

299,376

29,004

338,659

14.832

306,930
314,018

[blocks in formation]

157,396

95,006
1,108

6,934

96,117

1,374
64,281

13,989
348

White. Foreign. born.

1,124

27,267

7,264

37,723)

2,476

1,342

2,145

193 2,197

433

833

1,305 86,668

16,059

889

21,431

10,604

5,444

14,324

17,195

12,262

262

8,432

50,155

1,268

2,207 191,706

24,157

344

5,835

1,690

51,481
3,167

[blocks in formation]

6,141

16,247 312,120

9,205

2,043

5,3801

12,740

4,546

38,676]

80,105

39,495

73,779

4,730 56,396 1,012 2,878|| 1,349 3,011,224 3,168,845 6,180.069||1,913,611 1,287,135|3,200,746 2,853,194 13,124 10,187 23,311|| 572 42,340 5,344 120

29,578 12,762

7

1,130) 1,137 3,055,056 3,191,80116,246,857||1,916,434 1,293,171 3,209,605 2,853,720

1,211 962

1,441 8,967

17,462

64,816

379,067

37

12,903

10,594

11,242

1,962

9,230

88,137

284,028

155

63,033

2,853

1,426

337

29

70

9,882

271

9,180 208,132

31

14,107 3,628

89 19,532 1,063 283,883 51 147,784 167,138

37 99 213,836 259 11,083 250 141

6

34 486

Grand total.

City.

New York..
Chicago
Philadelphia
St. Louis.
Boston

Baltimore
Pittsburg

Cleveland

Buffalo

San Francisco.

Detroit

Cincinnati
Milwaukee

1819

1847

Date of incorporation.

First Latest.

1653

1901

1837

1875

1701

1854

1822

1876

1822

1854

1796

1898

1816

1901

1836

1891

1832

1891

1850

1824

1900

1883

1903

1874

3,437,202

1,698,575
1,293,697

575,238

560,892

508,957

451,512

381,768

352,387

342,782

285.704

325,902

285,315

Population.

1900. 1 1910.

4,766.883

2,185,283
1,549,008

687,029

670,585

558.485

STATISTICS OF CITIES.

DATE OF INCORPORATION, POPULATION IN 1900 AND 1910, AND AREA IN 1907 OF CITIES HAVING A POPULATION OF 100,000 OR OVER.

533,905

560,663

423,715

416,912

465,766

364,463

373,857

Land area

in acres in 1907.

209,218.0

114,932,3 83,340.0

39,276.8 26,250.0

19.290.0

23,967.5

26.178.8

26,496.0

29.760.0

24,889.6

27,855.0

14,081.2

New Orleans.
Washington
Newark, N. J.
Minneapolis
Jersey City.
Louisville
Indianapolis
St. Paul, Minn.
Providence, R. I.

Rochester, N. Y..
Kansas City, Mo.
Toledo, Ohio..
Denver, Col.
Columbus, Ohio.
Los Angeles, Cal.
Worcester, Mass.
Seattle, Wash..
Memphis, Tenn.
Omaha, Neb..
New Haven, Conn
Scranton, Penn.
Syracuse N. Y...
St. Joseph, Mo..
Paterson, N. J.
Portland, Ore..
Atlanta, Ga..
Richmond, Va.
Fall River, Mass.
Nashville, Tenn.
Dayton, O...

Grand Rapids, Mich
Albany, N. Y.

Bridgeport, Conn..

City.

[blocks in formation]

Payments.

| Latest.

1896

1878

1836

1881

1889

1893

1905

1900

1832

1908

1889

1837

1904

1834

1889

1894

1896

1891

1905

1784

1901

1900

1885

1871

1903

1874

1782

1903

1883

1903

1905

1900

1895

To

[blocks in formation]

TOTAL PAYMENTS AND RECEIPTS IN 1907 OF CITIES OF OVER 100,000

POPULATION.

108,027

102,026

108,374

102,979

105,171

90,426

89,872

85,050

104,863

80.865

85,333

87,565

94,151

70,996

1910.

339,075
331,069

347,469

301,408

267,779

223,928

233,650

214,744

224,326

218.149

248,381

168,497

213,381

181,548

319,198

145,986

131,105

124,096

124,096

133,605

129,867

137,249

77,403

125,600

154.839

127,628

119.295

110,364

116.577

112,571

100.253

102,054

Receipts.

Land area in acres in 1907.

125,600.0

38.408.4

10,679.0

31,622.0

8,320.0

13.094.0

20.067.1

33,388.8

11,351.2

12.252.2

16,743.0

16.450.0

37,348.0

10,176.0

39,174.7

23,683.0

25,962.0

9,822.0

15,380.0

11,460.0

12,362.0

10,843.0

6,110.0

5.157.0

26,742.0

7,680.0

5,873.0

21,723.0

10.932.0

7.213.0

10,730.0

6.913.7

6,257.4

Citles.

New York
Chicago
Philadelphia
St. Louis

Boston
Baltimore

Pittsburg

Cleveland

Buffalo

San Francisco.

Detroit

Cincinnati

Milwaukee

Grand total.....

New Orleans
Washington
Newark, N. J..
Minneapolis
Jersey City.
Louisville
Indianapolis
St. Paul
Providence
Rochester

Kansas City
Toledo

Denver

Columbus, Ohio)
Los Angeles
Worcester

15,133,695
21,071,580
7,054,166
10,489,860)
10,454,367

4.988,245]
6,390,977

7,740,646]
9,826,894

To the public...

13,486,302
13,743,424

6,564,737

7,949,643)

8,500,592

4,986,905
6,009,889

5,977,960
9,352,228

8,593.811 8,271,703

5,005,180) 3,467,602

8,951,151 7,369,986

11,695,524]

4,811,381

11,638,629
6,070,965]

87,695,310
54,630,372
32,869,768

55,714,029
16,286,023 13,767,162

24,495,922 18,300,099 6,195,823

18,662,349 15,318,827 3.343.522

9,075,247

21,314,304
14,042,859]
11,361,216

12,239,057
13.950,260]
9,948,029

16,767,423 12,330,147

12,081,584 10,132,085

14,758,379

9,381,106

10,224,435
4,360,688)

7,812,730
41,143,500) 14,570,529

2,518,861

and accounts..
prises, offices
funds, enter-
divisions,

92,599
1,413, 187
4,437,276
1,949,499
4,777,273
1,647,393
7,328,156
489.429

2,540,217
1,953.775

1,340

381.088 1,762,686]

474.6661

322,108

1,537,578

1,581,165

7,084,143
1,414,194
1,710,277)

Grand total.....

7,354,417
10,385,282
11,268,237

4,801,756
6,488.715
8,012,903)
9,967,622

8,821.461

4,923,722

9,076,480 11,325,521 11.770,207

5,969,653

|$433,280,130|$353,771,809 $79,508,321 $429,477,850 $349,969,5291 $79.508,321

83,185,059

4,510,251

89,449,525

47,935,099 6,695,273
25,057,038

84,939,307 4,510,218
51,873,739 45.178.466 6,695,273
30,458,590 22,644,373 7,814,217
54,381,360 39,810,831 14,570.529
15,981,702 13,462,841 2,518,861
23,679,898 17,484,075
18,168,858 14.822.784|
21,204,551] 12,136,915
13.124,248 13,031,649
11,469,819 10.059,994
17.516,248 13,077,905
11,951,644 10,352,276

6,195,823 3,346,074

9,067,636

14,750,178 9,972,905

14,964,4431
20,741,212

From the public.

13,317,050
13,413,056

6,864,988

7,846,125

9,342,152
4,800,416
6,107,627

6,250,217

9,492,956

8.499,353

8,405,644

7,477,882

4.196,092 10,356,536

4,259,376

and accounts.

prises, offices
funds, enter-
From divisions,

92.599 1,409,825 4,438,343

1,599,368

4,777,273

1,647.39S

7,328,156

489.429 2,539,157 1,926,085

1,340

381.088 1,762,686

474,666

322.108 1,518,078

1,598,598

7,129,429

1,413,671 1,710,277

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