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William R. King, Ala., died April 18, 1853; David R. Atchison, Mo.; Lewis
Cass, Mich.; Jesse D. Bright, Ind.; Charles E. Stuart, Mich., and James M.
Mason, Va., presidents pro tempore of the Senate and next in line of suc-
N.
Mch. 7, 1853. SEC. TREASURY-James Guthrie, Ky., Mch. 7, 1853.
-Jefferson Davis, Miss., Mch. 7. 1853. SEC. NAVY-James C. Dobbin, N. C.,
Mch. 7, 1853. POST'R-GEN.-James Campbell, Penn., Mch. 7, 1853. ATTY-
GEN.-Caleb Cushing, Mass., Mch. 7, 1853. SEC. INTERIOR-Robert McClelland,
Mich., Mch. 7, 1853.

cession, Dec. 5, 1853, to Mch. 3, 1857. SEC. STATE-William L. Marc. WAR

Administration of Buchanan,

PRESIDENT-James Buchanan, Penn., Mch. 4, 1857, to Mch. 4, 1861. V.-PRES'TJohn C. Breckinridge, Ky. SEC. STATE-Lewis Cass, Mich., Mch. 6, 1857; Jeremiah S. Black, Penn., Dec. 17, 1860. SEC. TREASURY-Howell Cobb, Ga., Mch. 6, 1857; Isaac Toucey, Secretary of the Navy, ad interim, from Dec. 10 to Dec. 12, 1860; Philip F. Thomas, Md., Dec. 12, 1860; John A. Dix, N. Y., Jan. 11, 1861. SEC. WAR-John B. Floyd, Va., Mch. 6, 1857; Joseph Holt, Postmaster General, ad interim, from Jan. 1, 1861, to Jan. 17, 1881; Joseph Holt, Ky., Jan. 18. 1861 SEC. NAVY-Isaac Toucey, Conn., Mch. 6, 1857. POST'R-GEN.-Aaron V. Brown, Tenn., Mch. 6, 1857; Joseph Holt, Ky., Mch. 14, 1859: Horatio King, Me., Feb. 12, 1861. ATT'Y-GEN.-Jeremiah S. Black, Penn., Mch. 6, 1857; Edwin M. Stanton, Penn., Dec. 20, 1860. SEC. INTERIORJacob Thompson, Miss., Mch. 6, 1857, served until Jan. 8, 1861.

First Administration of Lincoln.

PRESIDENT-Abraham Lincoln, Ill., Mch. 4, 1861, to Mch. 4, 1865. V.-PRES'THannibal Hamlin, Me. SEC. STATE-William H. Seward, N. Y., Mch. 5, 1861. SEC. TREASURY-Salmon P. Chase, Ohio, Mch. 5, 1861; William P. Fessenden, Me., July 1, 1864. SEC. WAR-Simon Cameron, Penn., Mch. 5, 1861; Edwin M. Stanton, Penn., Jan. 15, 1862. NAVY-Gideon Welles, Conn., Mch. 5, 1861. POST R-GEN.-Montgomery Blair, D. C., Mch. 5, 1861; William Dennison, Ohio, Sept. 24, 1864. ATT'Y-GEN.-Edward Bates, Mo., Mch. 5, 1861; John P. Usher, Ind., Jan. 8, 1863. Second Administration of Lincoln. PRESIDENT-Abraham Lincoln, second term, Mch. 4, 1865, to April 15, 1865, on which date he died. V.-PRES'T-Andrew Johnson, Tenn. SEC. STATE-Willlam H. Seward, reappointed. SEC. TREASURY-Hugh McCulloch, Ind., Mch. 7, 1865. SEC. WAR-Edwin M. Stanton, reappointed. SEC. NAVY-Gideon Welles, reappointed. POST'R-GEN.-William Dennison, reappointed. ATT'Y-GEN.James Speed, reappointed. SEC. INTERIOR-John P. Usher, reappointed.

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Administration of Johnson. PRESIDENT-Andreew Jchnson, Tenn., April 15, 1865, to Mch. 4, 1869.-V.-PRES'T— Lafayette S. Foster, Conn., and Benjamin F. Wade, Ohio, presidents pro tempore of the Senate and next in line of sucession, the former from Dec. 4, 1865, to July 28, 1866, and the latter from Dec. 3, 1866, to Mch. 3, 1869. SEC. STATEWilliam H. Seward, continued. SEC. TREASURY-Hugh McCulloch, continued. SEC. WAR-Edwin M. Stanton, suspended Aug. 12, 1867; U. S. Grant, ad interim, Aug. 12, 1867; Edwin M. Stanton, reinstated, Jan. 14, 1868, continued in office until May 26; 1868, in spite of the President's attempts to remove him; John M. Schofield, May 28, 1868. SEC. NAVY-Gideon Welles, continued. POST'R-GEN. -William Dennison, continued; Alexander W. Randall, Wis., July 25, 1868. ATTY-GEN.-James Speed, continued; Henry Stanberry, Ohio, July 23, 1866; Orville H. Browning, Secretary of the interior, ad interim, from March 13, 1868, to July 19, 1868: William M. Evarts, N. Y., July 15, 1868. SEC. INTERIORJohn P. Usher, continued; James Harlan, Iowa, May 15, 1865; Orville H. Browning, Ill., Sept. 1, 1866.

First Administration of Grant. ›RESIDENT—Ulysses S. Grant, Ill., Mch. 4, 1869, to Mch. 4, 1873. V.-PRES'TSchuyler Colfax, Ind. SEC. STATE-E. B. Washburne, Ill., Mch. 5, 1869; Hamilton Fish, N. Y., Mch. 11, 1869. SEC. TREASURY-George S. Boutwell, Mass., Mch. 11, 1869. SEC. WAR-John A. Rawlins, Ill., Mch. 11, 1869; William T. Sherman, Sept. 9, 1869; William W. Belknap, Iowa, Oct. 25, 1969. SEC. NAVY-Adolph E. Borie, Penn., Mch. 5, 1869; George M. Robeson, N. J., June 25, 1869. POST'R-GEN.-John A. J. Creswell, Md., Mch. 5, 1869. ATT'YGEN.-Ebenezer R. Hoar, Mass., Mch. 5, 1869; Amos T. Askerman, Ga., June 23, 1870; George H. Williams, Ore., Jan. 10, 1872. SEC. INTERIOR-Jacob D. Cox, Ohio, Mch. 5, 1869; Columbus Delano, Ohio, Nov. 1, 1870.

Second Administration of Grant.

RESIDENT-Ulysses S. Grant, second term, Mch. 4. 1873, to Mch. 4, 1877. V.PREST-Henry Wilson, Mass., died Nov. 22, 1875: Thomas W. Ferry, Mich., President pro tempore of the Senate and next in line of succession, Dec. 6, 1875, to Mch. 3, 1877. SEC. STATE-Hamilton Fish, continued. SEC. TREASURYGeorge S. Boutwell, continued, served until Mch. 17, 1873; William A. Richardson, Mass., Mch. 17, 1873; Benjamin H. Bristow, Ky., June 2, 1874; Lot M. Morrill, Me., June 21, 1876. SEC. WAR-William W. Belknap, continued: George M. Robeson, Secretary of the Navy, ad interim, from Mch. 2, 1876, to Mch. 10. 1876; Alphonso Taft, Ohio, Mch. 8, 1876; J. D. Cameron. Penn., May 22, 1876. SEC. NAVY-George M. Robeson, continued. POST R-GEN.-J. A. J. Creswell, continued; James Marshall, Va.. July 3, 1874; Marshall Jewell, Conn., Aug. 24, 1874; James N. Tyner, Ind., July 12, 1876. ATT'Y-GEN.-G. H. Williams,

continued; Edwards Pierrepont, N. Y., April 26, 1875; Alphonso Taft, Ohio, May 22, 1876. SEC. INTERIOR-Columbus Delano, continued; Zachariah Chandler, Mich., Oct. 19, 1875.

Administration of Hayes.

PRESIDENT-Rutherford B. Hayes, Ohio, Mch. 4, 1877, to Mch. 4, 1881. V.-PREST -William A. Wheeler, N. Y. SEC. STATE-William M. Evarts, N. Y.. Mch. 12, 1877. SEC. TREASURY-John Sherman, Ohio, Mch. 8, 1877. SEC. WARGeorge W. McCrary, Iowa, Mch. 12, 1877; Alexander Ramsey, Minn., Dec. 10, 1879. SEC. NAVY-Richard W. Thompson, Ind., Mch. 12, 1877; Nathan Goff, jr.. W. Va., Jan. 6, 1881. POST'R-GEN.-David M. Key, Tenn., Mch. 12, 1877; Horace Maynard, Tenn., June 2, 1880. ATT'Y-GEN.-Charles Devens, Mass., Mch. 12, 1877. SEC. INTERIOR-Carl Schurz, Mo., Mch. 12, 1877.

Administration of Garfield.

PRESIDENT-James A. Garfield, Ohio, Mch. 4, 1881. to Sept. 19, 1881, on which day he died. V.-PRES'T-Chester A. Arthur, N. Y. SEC. STATE-James G. Blaine, Me., Mch. 5, 1881. SEC. TREASURY-William Windom, Minn., Mch. 5, 1881. SEC. WAR-Robert T. Lincoln, Ill., Mch. 5, 1881. SEC. NAVYWilliam H. Hunt, La., Mch. 5, 1881. POST'R-GEN.-Thomas L. James, N. Y., Mch. 5, 1881. ATT'Y-GEN.-Wayne MacVeagh, Penn., Mch. 5, 1881. SEC. INTERIOR-Samuel J. Kirkwood, Iowa, Mch. 5, 1881.

Administration of Arthur.

PRESIDENT-Chester A. Arthur, N. Y., Sept. 19, 1881, to Mch. 4, 1885. V.-PRES'T -David Davis, Ill., and George F. Edmunds, Vt., presidents pro tempore of the Senate and next in line of succession, the first from Oct. 13. 1881, to Dec 3, 1883. and the second from Dec. 3, 1883, to Mch. 3. 1885. SEC. STATE-James G. Blaine, continued, served until Dec. 19. 1881; Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, N. J., Dec. 12. 1881. SEC. TREASURY -William Windom, continued, served until Nov. 14, 1881; Charles J. Folger, N. Y., Oct. 27, 1881; Walter Q. Gresham, Ind., Sept. 24, 1884; Hugh McCulloch, Ind., Oct. 28, 1884. SEC. WAR-Robert T. Lincoln, continued. SEC. NAVYWilliam H. Hunt, continued, served until Apr. 16, 1882; William E. Chandler, N. H., Apr. 12, 1882. POST'R-GEN.-Thomas L. James, continued, served until Jan. 4, 1882; Timothy O. Howe, Wis., Dec. 20, 1881; Walter Q. Gresham, Ind., Apr 3, 1883; Frank Hatton, Iowa, Oct. 14, 1884. ATTY-GEN. -Wayne MacVeagh, continued, served until Nov. 14, 1881; Benjamin H. Brewster, Penn., Oct. 19, 1881. SEC. INTERIOR-Samuel J. Kirkwood, continued, served until Apr. 17, 1882; Henry M. Teller, Col., Apr. 6, 1882.

First Administration of Cleveland.

PRESIDENT-Grover Cleveland, N. Y., Mch. 4. 1885, to Mch. 4, 1889. V.-PRES'TThomas A. Hendricks, Ind., died Nov. 25, 1885; John Sherman, Ohio, President pro tempore of the Senate and next in line of succession, from Dec. 7, 1885, to Jan. 19, 1886, when the present law transferring the succession to the Cabinet went into effect. SEC. STATE-Thomas F. Bayard, Del., Mch. 6, 1885. SEC. TREASURY-Daniel Manning, N. Y., Mch. 6, 1885; Charles S. Fairchild, N. Y., April 1, 1887. SEC. WAR-William C. Endicott, Mass.. Mch. 6, 1885. SEC. NAVY-William C. Whitney, N. Y., Mch. 6, 1885. POST'R-GEN.-William F. Vilas, Wis., Mch. 6, 1885; Don M. Dickinson, Mich., Jan. 16, 1888. ATTY-GEN.

Augustus H. Garland, Ark., Mch. 6, 1885. SEC. INTERIOR-Lucius Q. C. Lamar, Miss., Mch. 6, 1885; William F. Vilas, Jan. 16, 1888. SEC. AGRICULTURE-Norman J. Colman, Mo., Feb 12, 1889.

Administration of Benjamin Harrison.

PRESIDENT-Benjamin Harrison, Ind., Mch. 4, 1889, to Mch. 4, 1893. V.-PRES'TLevi P. Morton, N. Y. SEC. STATE-James G. Blaine, Me., Mch. 5. 1889; J. W. Foster, Ind., June 29, 1892, served until Feb. 23, 1893. SEC. TREASURYWilliam Windom, Minn., Mch. 5, 1889; Charles Foster, Ohio, Feb. 24, 1891. SEC. WAR-Redfield Proctor, Vt., Mch. 5, 1889; Stephen B. Elkins, W. Va., Dec. 22, 1891. SEC. NAVY-Benjamin F. Tracy, N. Y., Mch. 5, 1889. POST R-GEN.John Wanamaker, Penn., Mch. 5. 1889. ATTY-GEN.-William H. H. Miller, Ind.. Mch. 5, 1889. SEC. INTERIOR-John W. Noble, Mo., Mch. 5, 1889. SEC. AGRICULTURE-Jeremiah M. Rusk, Wis., Mch. 5, 1889.

Second Administration of Cleveland.

PRESIDENT-Grover Cleveland, N. Y., Mch. 4. 1893, to Mch. 4, 1897. V.-PRES'T— Adlai E. Stevenson, Ill. SEC. STATE-Walter Q. Gresham, Ill., Mch. 6, 1893; Richard Olney, Mass., June 8, 1895. SEC. TREASURY-John G. Carlisle, Ky.. Mch. 6, 1893. SEC. WAR-Daniel S. Lamont, N. Y.. Mch. 6, 1893. SEC. NAVYHillary A. Herbert, Ala., Mch. 6, 1893. POST'R-GEN.-Wilson S. Bissell, N. Y., Mch. 6. 1893; William L. Wilson, W. Va., Mch. 1, 1895. ATTY-GEN.-Richard Olney, Mass., Mch. 6, 1893; Judson Harmon, Ohio, June 8, 1895. SEC. INTERIOR -Hoke Smith, Ga., Mch. 6. 1823; David R. Francis, Mo., Sept. 1, 1896. SEC Y AGRICULTURE-Julius Sterling Morton, Neb., Mch. 6, 1893.

First Administration of McKinley.

PRESIDENT-William McKinley, Ohio, Mch. 4, 1897, to Mch. 4, 1901. V.-PRES'T -Garret A. Hobart, N. J.. died Nov. 21, 1899. SEC. STATE-John Sherman. Ohio, Mch. 5, 1897; William R. Day, Ohio, April 26, 1898; John Hay, D. C., Sept. 20. 1898. SEC. TREASURY-Lyman J. Gage, Ill., Mch. 5, 1907. SEC. WAR-Russell A. Alger, Mich., Mch. 5, 1897: Elihu Root, N. Y., Aug. 1, 1899. SEC. NAVY-John D. Long, Mass., Mch. 5, 1897. POST'R-GEN.-James A. Gary,

SEC.

Md., Mch. 5, 1897; Charles Emory Smith, Penn., Apr. 21, 1898. ATT'Y-GEN.Joseph McKenna, Cal., Mch. 5, 1897; John W. Groiggs, N. J., Jan. 25, 1898. INTERIOR-Cornelius N. Bliss, N. Y., Mch. 5, 1897; Ethan Allen Hitchcock, Mo., Dec. 21, 1898. SEC. AGRICULTURE-James Wilson, Iowa, Mch 5, 1897.

Second Administration of McKinley.

PRESIDENT-William McKinley, second term, Mch. 4, 1901, to Sept. 14, 1901, on which day he died. V.-PRES'T-Theodore Roosevelt, N. Y. SEC. STATE-John Hay, D. C., Mch. 5, 1901. SEC. TREASURY-Lyman J. Gage, Ill., Mch. 5, 1901. SEC. WAR-Elihu Root, N. Y., Mch. 5, 1901. SEC. NAVY-John D. Long, Mass., Mch. 5, 1901. POST'R-GEN.-Charles Emory Smith, Penn., Mch. 5. 1901. ATT'Y-GEN.-John W. Griggs, N. J., Mch. 5, 1901; Philander C. Knox, April 5, 1901. SEC. INTERIOR-Ethan A. Hitchock, Mo., Mch. 5, 1901. SEC. AGRICULTURE-James Wilson, Iowa, Mch 5, 1901.

First Administration of Roosevelt,

SEC.

PRESIDENT-Theodore Roosevelt, N. Y., Sept. 14, 1901, to Mch. 4, 1905.
STATE-John Hay, D. C., Sept. 14, 1901. SEC. TREASURY-Lyman J. Gage,
Ill., Sept. 14, 1901; Leslie M. Shaw, Iowa, Jan. 9, 1902. SEC. WAR-Elihu Root,
N. Y., Sept. 14, 1901; William H. Taft, Ohio, Feb. 1, 1904. SEC. NAVY-John D.
Long, Mass., Sept. 14, 1901; William H. Moody, Mass., April 29, 1902; Paul
Morton, Ill., July 1, 1904. POST'R-GEN.-Charles Emory Smith, Penn., Sept.
14, 1901; Henry C. Payne, Wis.. Jan. 9. 1902; Robert Wynne, Penn.,
Oct. 10, 1904. ATT'Y-GEN.-Philander C. Knox, Penn., Sept. 14, 1901: William
H. Moody, Mass., July 1, 1904. SEC. INTERIOR-Ethan Allen Hitchcock, Mo.,
Sept. 14, 1901. SEC. AGRICULTURE-James Wilson, Iowa, Sept. 14, 1901.
SEC. COMMERCE AND LABOR-George B. Cortelyou, N. Y., Feb. 18, 1903;
Victor H. Metcalf, Cal., July 1, 1904.

Second Administration of Roosevelt.
PRESIDENT-Theodore Roosevelt, second term, Mch. 4, 1905, to Mch. 4, 1909. V.-
PRES'T-Charles W. Fairbanks, Ind. SEC. STATE-John Hay, D. C., Mch. 6,
1905; Elihu Root, N. Y., July 20, 1905; Robert Bacon, N. Y., Jan. 27, 1909. SEC.
TREASURY-Leslie M. Shaw, Iowa, Meh. 6, 1905; George B. Cortelyou, N. Y.,
Mch. 4, 1907. SEC. WAR-William H. Taft, Ohio, Mch. 6, 1905; Luke E. Wright,
Tenn., July 1, 1908. ATTY-GEN.-William H. Moody, Mass., Mch. 6, 1905;
Charles J. Bonaparte, Md., Dec. 17, 1906. POST'R-GEN.-George W. Cortelyou,
N. Y., Mch. 6, 1905; George von L. Meyer, Mass., Mch. 4, 1907. SEC. NAVY-
Paul Morton, Ill., Mch. 6, 1905; Charles J. Bonaparte, Md., July 1, 1905; Victor H.
Metcalf, Cal., Dec. 17, 1906; Truman H. Newberry, Mich., Dec. 1, 1908. SEC.
INTERIOR-Ethan Allen Hitchcok, Mo., Mch. 6, 1905; James R. Garfield, Ohio,
Mch. 5, 1907. SEC. AGRICULTURE-James Wilson, Iowa, Mch. 6. 1905. SEC.
COMMERCE AND LABOR-Victor H. Metcalf, Cal., Mch. 6, 1905; Oscar S.
Straus, N. Y., Dec. 17, 1906.

Administration of Taft.

PRESIDENT-William H. Taft, Ohio, Mch. 4, 1909. V.-PRES'T-James S. Sherman, N. Y. SEC. STATE-Philander C. Knox, Penn., Mch. 5, 1909. SEC. TREASURY -Franklin MacVeagh, Ill., Mch. 5, 1909. SEC. WAR-Jacob M. Dickinson, Tenn., Mch. 5, 1909. ATT'Y-GEN.-George W. Wickersham, N. Y., Mch. 5, 1909. POST'R-GEN.-Frank H. Hitchcock, Mass., Mch. 5, 1909. SEC. NAVY-George von L. Meyer, Mass., Mch. 5, 1909. SEC. INTERIOR-Richard A. Ballinger, Wash., Mch. 5, 1909. SEC. AGRICULTURE-James Wilson, Iowa, Mch. 5, 1909. SEC. COMMERCE AND LABOR-Charles Nagel, Mo., Mch. 5, 1909.

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Thomas Jefferson.... Mch. 4, 1801. to
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James Madison...... Mch. 4, 1809, to

Mch. 3. 1817. Virginia.. Virginia.. Mch. 16, 1751 June 28, 1836

James Monroe....... Mch. 4. 1817. to

Mch. 3. 1825. Virginia.. Virginia.. Apr. 28, 1758 July 4, 1831 Meh. 4, 1825 to

Mch. 3, 1829. Mass.
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July 11, 1767 Feb. 23, 1848

Mch. 15, 1767 June 8, 1845

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Mch. 4, 1837, to
Mch. 3, 1841. New York New York Dec.

John Quincy Adams
Andrew Jackson.....
Martin Van Buren...
Wm. Henry Harrison Mch. 4, 1841, to
John Tyler......
James K. Polk...... Mch. 4, 1845, to

....

5, 1782 July 24, 1862 Feb. 9, 1773 April 4, 1841

Apr. 4. 1841. Virginia.. Ohio
April 4, 1841. to
Mch. 3, 1845. Virginia.. Virginia.. Mch. 29, 1790 Jan. 18, 1862
Mch. 3, 1849. N. Car... Tenn.

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State from
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elected.

......

Name.
Term of Service. ¡
Zachary Taylor... Mch. 4, 1849, to
July 9, 1850.. Virginia.. La.
Sep. 24, 1784 July 9, 1850
Millard Fillmore.....July 9, 1850, to
Mch. 3, 1853. New York New York Feb. 7, 1800 Mch. 7, 1874
Franklin Pierce.....Mch. 4, 1853, to
Mch. 3, 1857. N. H..... N. H..... Nov. 23, 1804 Oct. 8, 1869
James Buchanan.... Mch. 4, 1857, to
Mch, 3, 1861. Penn. Penn. Apr. 23, 1791 June 1, 1868
Abraham Lincoln.... Mch. 4, 1861, to
Apr. 15, 1865. Kentucky. Illinois Feb. 12, 1809 Apr. 15, 1863
April 15, 1865, to
Dec. 29, 1808 July 31, 1875

Andrew Johnson....
Ulysses S. Grant.....

Mch. 3, 1869. N. Car... Tenn.
Mch. 4, 1869, to

Ohio

Mch. 3, 1877. Ohio
Rutherford B. Hayes Mch. 4, 1877, to
Mch. 3, 1881. Ohio
James A. Garfield.... Mch. 4, 1881, to
Sept. 19, 1881 Ohio
Chester A. Arthur... Sept. 19, 1881, to
Grover Cleveland....Mch. 4, 1885, to

Illinois Apr. 27, 1822 July 23, 1885
Oct. 4, 1822 Jan. 17, 1893
Nov. 19, 1831 Sep. 19, 1881

Ohio

Mch. 3, 1885. Vermont.. New York Oct. 5, 1830 Nov. 18, 1886
Mch. 3. 1889. N. Jersey New York Mch. 18, 1837 June 24, 1908
Mch. 3. 1893. Ohio

Benjamin Harrison..Mch. 4, 1889, to

State of
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William A. Wheeler.

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Mch. 4, 1789, to
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State of
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Grover Cleveland.... Mch. 4, 1893, to

Indiana Aug. 20, 1833 Mch. 13, 1901 Mch. 3. 1897. N. Jersey New York Mch. 18, 1837 June 24, 1908 William McKinley... Mch. 4, 1897. to Sept. 14, 1901 Ohio ....Ohio June 29, 1843 Sep. 14, 1901 Theodore Roosevelt.. Sept. 14, 1901, to Mch. 3, 1909. New York New York Oct. 27, 1858 William H. Taft..... Mch. 4, 1909. Ohio Ohio Sep. 15, 1857

VICE-PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES.

N. Jersey

New York

Ky.
Maine

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Thomas Jefferson.... Mch. 4, 1797, to

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Mch. 4, 1801, to
Mch, 3, 1905..
George Clinton... Mch. 4, 1805, to
Apr. 20, 1812.
Elbridge Gerry... Mch. 4, 1813, to
Nov. 23, 1814. Mass.
Daniel D. Tompkins. Mch. 4, 1817,_to

Martin Van Buren... Mch. 4, 1835, to

Ky.

Oct. 17, 1781 Nov. 19, 1850

Virginia

Mch. 29, 1700 Jan. 18, 1862

Mass. Oct. 31, 1735 July Virginia Apr. 2, 1743 July 4, 1826 New York Feb. 6, 1750 Sep. 14, 1836 New York July 26, 1739 Apr. 20, 1812 Mass. July 17, 1744 Nov. 23, 1814 Mch. 3, 1825.. New York New York June 21, 1774 June 11, 1825 John C. Calhoun.....Mch. 4, 1825, to: Dec. 28, 1832.. S. Car... S. Car... Mch. 18, 1782 Mch. 31, 1850 Mch. 3, 1837.. New York New York Dec. 5, 1782 July 24, 1862 Richard M. Johnson. Mch. 4, 1837, to Mch. 3, 1841.. John Tyler..... Mch. 4, 1841, to Apr. 4. 1841. George M. Dallas.... Mch. 4, 1845, to Mch. 3, 1849.. Millard Fillmore..... Mch. 4, 1849, to July 9, 1850.. Mch. 4, 1853, to Apr. 18, 1853. Mch. 4, 1857, to Mch. 3, 1861. Mch. 4, 1861, to Mch. 3, 1865.. Andrew Johnson..... Mich. 4, 1865, to Apr. 15, 1865. Schuyler Colfax... Mch. 4, 1869, to Mch. 3, 1873. Henry Wilson.... Mch. 4, 1873, to Nov. 22. 187. Mch. 4, 1877, to Mch. 3, 1881.. New York New York June 30, 1819 June 4, 1887 Chester A. Arthur... Mch, 4, 1881, to Sept. 19, 1881. Vermont.. New York Oct. 5, 1830 Nov. 18, 1888

Penn,

Ky.
Virginia
Penn. July 10, 1792 Dec. 31, 18643
New York Feb. 7, 1800 Mch.
7. 1874
Alabama Apr. 6, 178 Apr. 18, 1853
Ky...... Jan. 21, 1821 May 17, 1878

New York
N. Car...

William R. King....
John C. Breckinridge
Hannibal Hamlin....

Maine

Aug. 27, 1809 July 30, 1875
Dec. 29, 180s July 31, 1875

N. Car... Tenn.
New York Indiana Mch. 23, 1823 Jan. 13, 1885
Feb. 16, 1812 Nov. 22, 1875

N. H.... Mass.

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PRESIDENTS PRO TEMPORE OF THE SENATE.

Up to March 12, 1890, the Senate followed the practice of electing presidents pro tempore only when the necessity arose for naming a presiding officer in the absence of the Vice-President, The same president pro tempore was afterward elected several times in succession during one Congress. In such cases the date is given below only for the first election. When a Vice-President died, resigned or was promoted to the Presidency, the tenure of the president pro tempore continned until its vacancy in the Vice-Presidency was filled or a new president pro tempore was elected. On March 12, 1890. the Senate adopted a resolution declaring that a president pro tempore elected should serve continuously "until the Senate otherwise ordered." The list of presidents pro tempore is as follows:

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