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IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED, BY COUNTRIES, 1906-'07 TO 1909-'10.
IMMIGRATION BY YEARS, 1859-'60 TO 1909-'10.
20,115 2,120 151
18,691 2,151 11,244 43
soch ute Craven
1873 1874 1375 1870
CHINESE SEEKING ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES, FISCAL YEARS ENDED JUNE 30, 1906-'09, BY CLASSES.
State or Territory.
District of Columbia.
State or Territory.
406 New Hampshire.
1,896 New Jersey
302 New Mexico. 17,912
4,285 North Carolina.. 20,542 North Dakota.
21,635 West Virginia.
Imm grant allens.
659 6,041 41,907 679 220,865
267 5,144 29.938
964 9,150 223 2,725 488
NATURALIZATION LAWS. The naturalization system of the United States was amended and enlarged by an act of Congress, approved June 29, 1906, a full synopsis of which is given in The Tribune Almanac for 1907, under "The Fifty-ninth Congress, Acts and Resolutions of the First Session," pages 99-103.
Persons Eligible.-The laws of the United States have never allowed other than "free white persons" and "persons of African nativity or descent" to be naturalized. The naturalization of Chinamen is also expressly prohibited by Section 14, Chapter 126, Laws of 1882.
Anarchists and Polygamists.-The law of June 29, 1906, provides, re-enacting the law of March 3, 1903: That no person who disbelieves in or who is opposed to all organized government, or who is a member of or affiliated with any organization entertaining and teaching such disbelief in or opposition to all organized government, or who advocates or teaches the duty, necessity, or propriety of the unlawful assaulting or killing of any officer or officers, either of specific individuals or of officers generally, of the government of the United States or of any other organized government, because of his or their official character, or who is a polygamist, shall be naturalized.
Declaration of Intention.--An allen seeking naturalization as a citizen of the United States must declare on oath before a Circuit or District Court of the United States, or & state court of record, having a seal, a clerk, and jurisdiction in actions at law or equity, or law and equity, in which the amount in controversy is unlimited, at least two years before his admission, and after he has reached the age of eighteen years, that it is bona fide his intention to become a citizen ot the United States, and to renounce forever all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign state or ruler, and particularly to the one of which he may be a citizen or subject.
Oath on Application for Admission.-At the time of his application for admission he must also declare on oath, before some one of the courts above specified, "that he will support the Constitution of the United States, and that he absolutely and entirely renounces and abjures all allegiance and fidelity to every foreign prince, potentate, state or sovereignty, and particularly by name, to the prince. potentate, state or sovereignty of which he was before a citizen or subject."
Final Petition.-Not less than two years nor more than seven years after an allen has made such declaration of intention he shall make and file, in duplicate, a petition in writing, signed in his own handwriting and duly verified, in which petition he shall state his full name, his place of residence, occupation, and, if possible, the date and place of his birth; the place from which he emigrated and the date and place of his arrival in the United States, and if he entered through a port, the name of the ressel on which he arrived; the time when and the place and name of the court where he declared his intention to become a citizen; if he is married, the name of his wife, the country of her nativity and her place of residence at the time of Aling the petition; and it he has children, the name, date and place of birth of each child living.
The petition must set forth whether or not he has been denied admission as a eftizen of the United States, and, if denied, the ground or grounds of such denial, the court or courts in which such decision was rendered, and that the cause for such denial has since been cured or removed.
The petition must also be verified by the affidavits of at least two credible witnesses, citizens of the United States, who shall state in their affidavits that they have personally known the applicant to be a resident of the United States for å period of at least five years continuously, and of the state, territory or distriet in which the application is made for a period of at least one year immediately preceding the date of the filing of his petition, and that they each have personal knowledge that the petitioner is a person of good moral character, and that he is in every way quallfied, in their opinion, to be admitted as a citizen of the United States.
At the time of filing the petition there shall be filed with the clerk of the court & certificate from the Department of Commerce and Labor, If the petitioner arrives in the United States after June 29, 1906, stating the date, place and manner of his arrival in the United States, and the declaration of intention of such petitioner, which certificate and declaration shall be attached to and made a part of said petition.
Conditions of citizenship.--It must appear to the satisfaction of the court to which the allen has applied for final admission that immediately preceding the date of his application he has resided continuously within the United States for at least five years, and in the state or territory where the court is held at least one year, and that during that time "he has behaved as a man of good moral character, attached to the principles of the Constitution of the United States, and well disposed to the good order and happiness of the same." In addition to the oath of the applicant, the testimony or two witnesses, citizens of the United States, as to the facts of residence, moral character and attachment to the Constitution is required.
Titles of Nobility.--If the applicant bears any hereditary title or belongs to any order of nobility, he must make renunciation at the time of application.
Soldiers.-- Any alien, twenty-one years of age or over, who has served one year or over in the regular or volunteer army of the United States and has been nonorably discharged, may, upon application to a court as specified above. proof of one year's residence, good moral character and honorable discharge, be admitted a citizen of the United States.
Seamen.-Seamen who have declared their intention to become citizens, and who subsequently to such declaration have served three years on board a merchant vessel of the United States, may be admitted to citizenship.
Navy or Marine Corps.-Any allen, twenty-one years of age or over, who has served ive years or over in the United States navy or United States marine corps and has been honorably discharged, may upon application to a court as specified above, proof of good moral character, five years' service and bonorable discharge, be admitted a citizen of the Uniled Stateo.
Widows and Minor Children. - When any allen who has declared his intention to become a citizen of the United States dies before he is actually naturalized the widow and minor children of such allen may, by complying with the other provisions of the law, be naturalized without making any declaration of Intention.
Naturalized citizens Rosiding Abroad. When any naturalized American citizen shall have resided for two years in the state from which he came, or for five years in any other forelgn state, It shall be presumed that he has ceased to be an American cltizen, and the place of his general &bodo shall be deemed his place of realdence during
years: Provided, however, that such presumption may be over come on the presentation of satisfactory evidenco to a diplomatic or consular officer of the United States under such rules as the Department of State may prescribe.
In the fiscal year 1908-'09 143,212 declarations of intention were oled, 93,028 in the state courts and 50,184 in the federal courts. The petitions for naturaliza
tion numbered 42,178-29,166 in the state courts and 13,012 in Applications for the federal courts. The certificates of naturalization issued Citizenship. numbered 87,337—25,268 from state courts and 11,709 from
federal courts. The following tables show the declarations of intention, petitions for naturalization and certificates of naturalization by states in 1908-'09:
Number of Courts
Declara- | Petitions
tion of for Nat- Certifior Ter
Inten- uraliza- cates State or Territory. Federal. ) ritorial. Total. tion, tion. Granted Alabama
1,734 1,310 Colorado
71 District of Columbia.
103 12,391 3,084 2.692 Indiana
18 10,019 2,830 2,453 Michigan
90 4,621 1,934 1,737 Minnesota
97 4,867 2,402 2,315 Mississippi
60 New Hampshire.
161 New Jersey.
21 4,780 1,587 1,501 New Mexico.
34 New York.
07 26,335 7,782 6,436 North Carolina.
8 North Dakota.
49 2,477 1,675 1,734 Ohio
65 14,771 4,182 4,043 Rhode Island.
557 South Carolina.
10 South Dakota.
369 27 28 668 179
44 5,567 1,453 1,418 West Virginia.
2,350 2,038 Wyoming
217 | 2,177 1 2,894 | 143,212 | 42,178 1 37,337
During 1908-'09 6,341 certificates were denied by the state and federal courts. In 1907-'08 3,830 certificates were denied and in 1906-'07 250.
The following states allow aliens the right of franchise after declaring an Intention to acquire citizenship: Arkansas, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, Oregon and Wisconsin. A Constitutional Amendment is pending In Wisconsin restricting the right of franchise to those aliens only, who declared their intentions prior to December 1, 1908, and terminating that right on December 1, 1912.
EXPATRIATION LAWS. An act of Congress, approved March 2, 1907, defined the conditions under which an An rican citize expatriates himse provides any American
citizen shall be deemed to have expatriated himself when he Assumption of has been naturalized in any foreign state in conformity with Foreign Allegiance. its laws, or when he has taken an oath of allegiance to any
foreign state. When any naturalized citizen shall have resded for two years in the foreign state from which he came, or for five years in any other foreign state, It shall be presumed that he has ceased to be an American citizen, and the place of his general abode shall be deemed his place of residence during said years: Provided, however, That such presumption may be overcome on the presentation of satisfactory evidence to a diplomatic or consular officer of the United States, under such rules and regulations as the Department of State may prescribe: And provided also, That no American citizen shall be allowed to expatriate himself when this country is at war.
Any American woman who marries a foreigner shall take the nationality of her husband. At the termination of the marital relation she may resume her
American citizenship, if abroad, by registering as an American Expatriation by citizen within one year with a consul of the United States, or Marriage.
by returning to reside in the United States, or, if residing in
the United States at the termination of the marital relation, by continuing to reside therein. Any foreign woman who acquires American citizenship by marriage to an American shall be assumed to retain the same after the termination of the marital relation if she continues to reside in the United States, unless she makes formal renunciation thereof before a court having jurisdiction to naturalize aliens, or if she resides abroad she may retain her citizenship, by registering as such before a United States Consul within one year after the termination of such marital relation. A child born without the United States of alien parents shall be deemed a citizen of the United States by virtue of the naturalization of or resumpion of American citizenship by the parent: Provided That such naturalization or resumption takes place during the minority of such child: And provided further. That the citizenship of such minor child shall begin at the time such minor child beging to reside permanently in the United States. All children born outside the limits of the United States who are citizens thereof in accordance with the provisions of section one thousand nine hundred and ninety-three of the Revised Statutes of the United States and who continue to reside outside the United States shall, in order to receive the protection of this government, be required upon reaching the age of eighteen years to record at an American consulate their intention to become residents and remain citizens of the United States, and shall be further required to take the path of alleglance to the United States upon attaining their majority.
PASSPORT REGULATIONS. The law forbids the granting of a passport to any person not a citizen of the United States, or loyal resident of an insular possession of the United States. А
person who has made the declaration of intention to become a citiPassports zen is entitled to receive a conditional passport under conditions set to citizens. forth in a later paragraph. No one but the Secretary of State may
grant and issue passports in the United States. A person who 18 entitled to receive a passport, 16 temporarily abroad, should apply to the diplomatic representative of the United States in the country where he happens to be. or. In the absence of a diplomatic representative, to the Consul-General of the United States, or, in the absence of both, to a consul of the United States. The necessary statements may be made before the nearest consular omcer. Application for a passport by a person in one of the Insular possessions of the United States should be made to the Chief Executive of such possession. The evidence required of a person making application abroad or in an insular possession of the United States is the same as that required of an applicant in the United States.
Such application, in the form of an affidavit, must be attested by an officer authorized to administer oaths. The applicant is required to state the date and place of his birth, his occupation, the place of his permanent residence, and within what length of time he intends to return to the United States with the purpose of residing and performing the duties of citizenship therein. The applicant must take the oath of allegiance to the Government of the United States. The application must be accompanied by a description stating the following particulars: Age, atature, forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, chin, hair, complexion, lace, and by a cer. tificate from at least one credible witness that the applicant is the person ho represents himself to be, and that the facts stated in the affidavit are true to the best of the witness's knowledge and belief.
The Secretary of State is authorized to issue passports to persons not citizens