Transgenic Animal Patent Reform Act of 1989: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property, and the Administration of Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, First Session, on H.R. 1556 ... September 13 and 14, 1989, Volume 4
United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property, and the Administration of Justice
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1990 - Genetic engineering - 680 pages
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activities agriculture altered animal patents applications Assessment Association believe benefits bill biological biotechnology breeding cells Chairman changes claims Committee companies concerns Congress considered constitutional cost Court create decision disease economic effects environment environmental ethical example exemption existing experimental experiments farm farm animals farmers Federal forms gene genetic engineering going grant human impact important improved increase industry infringement intellectual property interest invention involved issue KASTENMEIER legislation LIBRARY limited living major material moratorium nature Office organisms patent law patent system patented animals person plants possible potential practice present problems production protection question reason regulation regulatory release reproduce require result risk royalties Science scientists sell Society species statement statute subject matter techniques term tion traits transfer transgenic animals United University variety
Page 491 - ... full, clear, concise, and exact terms as to enable any person skilled in the art to which it pertains, or with which it is most nearly connected, to make and use the same, and shall set forth the best mode contemplated by the inventor of carrying out his invention.
Page 13 - Whoever invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof, may obtain a patent therefor, subject to the conditions and requirements of this title.
Page 491 - An element in a claim for a combination may be expressed as a means or step for performing a specified function without the recital of structure, material, or acts in support thereof, and such claim shall be construed to cover the correspondAppendix A: Selected Provisions of the Patent Act ing structure, material, or acts described in the specification and equivalents thereof.
Page 458 - plant patents' are available for asexually propagated plants). Several countries are now party to the International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) which aims to harmonise national practices as far as possible (International Convention, 1978).
Page 454 - Congress shall have the power .... to promote the progress of science, and the useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries.
Page 491 - A claim in multiple dependent form shall contain a reference, in the alternative only, to more than one claim previously set forth and then specify a further limitation of the subject matter claimed.
Page 417 - Court of Appeals for the Federal circuit, to establish a US Claims Court, and for other purposes, having considered the same, report favorably thereon with an amendment and recommend that the bill as amended do pass; The amendment is as follows : Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert in lieu thereof the following: That this Act may be cited as the "Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit Act of 1960".
Page 459 - [t]he nature and commercial uses of biologically pure cultures of microorganisms like the one defined in claim 5 are much more akin to inanimate chemical compositions such as reactants, reagents, and catalysts than they are to horses and honeybees or raspberries and roses."59 Realizing the limits on the product of nature...
Page 391 - Thus where it is made or used as an experiment, whether for the gratification of scientific tastes, or for curiosity, or for amusement, the interests of the patentee are not antagonized, the sole effect being of an intellectual character in the promotion of the employer's knowledge or the relaxation afforded to his mind. But if the products of the experiment are sold, or used for the convenience of the experimenter, or if the experiments are conducted with a view to the adaptation of the invention...