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Inner Tema Honour, 2nd claford; William Han, Esq., M.A.,

Storer Bowen, Esq., B.A., London; Frederick Lechmere Paton, Esq., B.A., Oxford; Richard Booth, Esq., B.A., Cambridge ; Frederick James Norman Pearson, Esq., B.A., Oxford ; William James Wright Ingham, Esq., B.A., Cambridge; Ng Choy, Esq., of Hongkong, China.

Inner Temple.-.John Pickersgill Rodger, Esq. (holder of a Certificate of Honour, 2nd class, Hilary Term, 1877); William Wallace Cragg, Esq., M.A., Oxford ; William Hamilton Phillips, Esq., B.A., Oxford; Berthold Robert Stansfeld, Esq., M.A., Cambridge; Arthur Andrew Cecil Dunn-Gardner, Esq., M.A., Oxford; James Dominick Daly, Esq.; George Hone Hone. Goldney, Esq., B.A., Cambridge; Henry Hatchell Warren, Esq., B.A., Oxford; Ernest Beauchamp Nelson, Esq., B.A., Oxford ; Francis Lea Stourbridge Smyth, Esq., Oxford; John Heywood, Esq., B.A., Cambridge; Abraham Lionel Hart, Esq., LL.B., London; Robert Alexander Milligan Hogg, Esq., B.A., Cambridge; George Macan, Esq., B.A., Cambridge ; Arthur Baptist Noel, Esq.; Augustine Robert Whiteway, Esq., M.A., Cambridge; George Meryon White, Esq., B.A., Oxford; Arthur Bruce Smith, Esq.; Lancelot Edward Lawford, Esq., B.A., Oxford; Francis Ernest Colenso, Esq., B.A., Cambridge; John William Proudfoot, Esq. ; Percival Broadbent, Esq.; Marie Louis Alexandre Hugues, Esq.; William John Richardson, Esq., B.A., Cambridge; Thomas Sutherst, Esq., Cambridge; Herbert Parker Reed, Esq.; William Frederick Barry, Esq., B.A., Dublin.

Middle Temple.- Thomas Austin Guerin, Esq. ; Charles Edmund Fox, Esq.; Patrick Alexander Donald Carnegy, Esq. ; Alfred de Bathe Brandon, Esq., of Trinity Hall, Cambridge ; Eugenius Charles Jackson, Esq.; Charles Richard Amesbury Birch, Esq. ; James Blenkinsopp, Esq.; Alexander Coghill Wylie, Esq.; Gaupat Sarvottam Mankar, Esq.; Albert Edward Nelson, Esq.; Walter Coates, Esq.; Slade Butler, Esq., B.A., Oxford.

Gray's Inn.-Miles Walker Mattinson, Esq., “ Bacon Scholar," Gray's Inn, T.T. 1874, First-class Studentship, T.T. 1875, Certificate of Honour, T.T. 1876.

COUNCIL OF LEGAL EDUCATION,

Hilary Examination, 1877. At the General Examination of Students of the Inns of Court,

held on December 29 and 30, 1876, and January 1, 2, 3,

and 4, 1877, the Council of Legal Education awarded toEdward Harper Parker, Esq., of the Middle Temple, and Charles Alfred Russell, Esq., of Gray's Inn, Studentships in Jurisprudence and Roman Civil Law, of 100 guineas, to continue for a period of two years ; Thomas Turquand Fillan, Esq., of the Middle Temple, and John Greenwood Shipman, Esq., of the Inner Temple, Studentships in Jurisprudence and Roman Civil Law, of 100 guineas, for one year; John Pickersgill Rodger, Esq., of the Inner Temple, a Certificate of Honour of the second class. At the December Examination, 1876, on the subjects of the

Lectures of the Professors of the Inns of Court, held at
Lincoln's Inn Hall, on December 18 and 19, 1876, the
Council of Legal Education awarded the following prizes to

the undermentioned students :Furisprudence, Roman Law, International Law, and Constitutional Law and Legal History-Charles Alfred Russell, Esq., of Gray's Inn, £ 50 ; Thomas Turquand Fillan, Esq., of the Middle Temple, £ 15; Reinhold Gregerowski, Esq., of Gray's Inn, £10.

Equity-- Nathaniel Spencer, Esq., of the Middle Temple, £ 50 ; William George Thorpe, Esq., of the Middle Temple, £15.

Common Law—Thomas Francis Byrne, Esq., of the Middle Temple, £37 10S.; John Lawson Walton, Esq., of the Inner Temple, £ 37 ios. ; Seymour Bushe, Esq., of the Inner Temple, and Vincent Brown, Esq., of Gray's Inn, £ 12 ios. each.

Real and Personal Property Law — Thomas Clarkson, Esq., of Lincoln's Inn, £ 50 ; James Lawrence Carew, Esq., of the Middle Temple, £25; James Power Everard, Esq., of the Middle Temple, £ 15.

The Council have also awarded to the student who obtained the greatest aggregate number of marks in the subjects of the Le turcs given by two of the Professors, namely, in Furisprudence, R-172 Lit ü, International Lain, and Constitutional Law and Leval liistory, and Common Law- Edward Harper Parker, Esq., of the Middle Temple, £ 30.

Hilary Educational Term, 1877. Scheme of LECTURES.-SUBJECTS AND Professors.-Jurisprudence, including International Law, Public and Private Roman Civil Law-and Constitutional Law and Legal History. -Professor: Sir Edward Shepherd Creasy, M.A. Lectures delivered in the Middle Temple Hall, on Tuesday, at 11 a.m., and on Wednesday at 11 a.m. First lecture on January 23.

Equity.- Professor: Arthur Shelly Eddis, Esq., Q.C. Lectures delivered in the room under the Library at Lincoln's Inn Hall, on Wednesday, at 4:15 p.m., and on Friday, at 4:15 p.m. First public lecture on January 12. * The Law of Real and Personal Property.- Professor : Joshua Williams, Esq., Q.C. Lectures delivered in Gray's Inn Hall, on Tuesday, at 4:15 p.m., and on Saturday, at 3:15 p.m. First lecture on January 13.

The Common Law.- Professor : Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, Q.C. Lectures delivered in the Inner Temple Hall, on Monday, at 4:15 p.m., and on Thursday, at 4:15 p.m. First lecture on January 15.

PROSPECTUS OF THE LECTURES OF THE PROFESSORS. The Professor of Jurisprudence and Roman Civil Law will, during the ensuing educational term, deliver a course of about twelve public lectures on Constitutional Law and Legal History. First lecture on this subject will be delivered on Tuesday, January 23, at 11 a.m. The subsequent lectures on this subject will be delivered on Tuesdays and Wednesdays at the same hour.

Equity.— The Professor of Equity will deliver, during the ensuing educational term, fourteen lectures on Equity, as applied: 1. To Partnerships and Partnership Accounts. 2. To the Raising of Portions or other Charges on Land. The first lecture on this subject will be delivered on Friday, January 12, at 4.15 p.m., and the subsequent lectures at the same hour on Wednesdays and Fridays during the term.

Law of Real and Personal Property.— The Professor of the Law of Real and Personal Property will deliver, during the ensuing educational term, twelve public lectures on the following subject :- On Prescriptive Rights, including Rights of Common. First lecture on this subject will be delivered on Saturday, January 13, at 3:15 p.m. The subsequent lectures on this subject will be delivered on Tuesdays at 4:15 p.m., and on Saturdays at 3:15 p.m.

Common Law.–The Professor of the Common Law will deliver, during the ensuing educational term, twelve public lectures on Criminal Law. First lecture on this subject will be delivered on Monday, January 15, at 4:15 p.m. The subsequent lectures will be delivered on Mondays and Thursdays at the same hour.

Note.-In December, 1877, there will be four examinations, one in the subject of the lectures given by each professor, open (subject as hereinafter-mentioned) tu all students who have during the year attended the lectures of any of the professors, but no student will be admitted to the examination in the subjects of the lectures of any professor unless he shall have attended at least two-thirds of the lectures given during the year by such professor. No student will be admitted to more than two exami. nations; and no student who shall have obtained a studentship will be admitted to any such examination. After the examination the following prizes will, on the recommendation of the committee, be given (that is to say): To the students who shall have passed the best examination in the subjects of the lectures of each professor, first prize, £ 50 ; second prize, £25; third prize, £15; fourth prize, £10. And a first and second prize of £70 and £ 30 respectively, to the students who obtain the greatest aggregate number of marks in the examination in the subjects of the lectures given by any two of the professors. No student will be entitled to more than one prize, but a student will receive the prize of the highest value to which he shall appear to be entitled. The committee will not be obliged to recommend any of the above prizes to be awarded, if the result of the examination be such as, in their opinion, will not justify such recommendation.

Middle Temple.-As an encouragement to the students of this Inn, the Benchers have, in addition to the studentships and prizes awarded by the Council of Legal Education, recently established eight scholarships-four of fifty guineas each, and four of 100 guineas each—the competitors being the students of the Middle Temple.

THE

LAW MAGAZINE AND REVIEW.

No. CCXXIV.—MAY, 1877.

1.-ON THE INTERNATIONAL JURISDICTION OF THE ADMIRALTY COURT IN CIVIL MATTERS.

TT is an interesting problem, not the less interesting 1 because its solution does not admit of historical certainty, what was the true character of the famous Rhodian Sea Laws, whether they were the judgments of a Maritime Tribunal, like those of Oleron, or ordinances drawn up by a Guild of Navigators, like those of Trani, or customs of navigation compiled by maritime experts, like those which have been collected in the Book of the Consulate of the Sea of Barcelona. Whatever may have been their origin, this much is certain, that they were received at Rome before the fall of the Republic, and that they were allowed to form part of the general system of law, by which the maritime world was governed during the best period of the Roman Empire. It is hardly a less difficult question to solve satisfactorily, whether the Rhodian Sea Laws had been reduced into writing at the time, when they were first received at Rome. The circumstance that no fragments have come down to us of any collection of those laws, which was in use at Rome in the early days of the Empire, is by no means conclusive, for the text of the greater part of the Athenian Laws* would have been

• The Athenian Laws, as an example of written Laws, are thus contrasted with the Laws of the Lacedæmonians, "Et non ineleganter in duas species jus

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