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(i.) C. A.-Bovril-Fancy Word not iri Common Use-Patents, Designs and

Trade Mark« Act, 1883, ss. 64, 90.—“Bovril” was held to have been properly registered in 1886 as a “ fancy word not in common use within sect. 64 of the Act of 1883.-İn re Trade Mark Bovril,

74 L.T. 805. (ii.) C. A.- Foreign Words or Oriental Characters-Trade made Limited

to Goods Exported. Foreign words or oriental characters, merely descriptive of a device already registered, cannot be registered as part of the existing trade mark. Nor can a trade mark be registered with a limitation of its use to fabrics exported to a particular foreign country.- The Trade Mark Application of John Dewhurst & Sons, Limited,

L.R. [1896] 2 Ch. 137 ; 74 L.T. 388. (iii.) C. A.-Right to Name apart from Registration as Trade Mark. —

Decision of Ch. D. (see Vol. 20, p. 58, iii.) affirmed. (See also Vol. 19, p. 27, i., and p. 106, iv.)— Powell v. Birmingham Vinegar Brewery Co.,

L.R. (1896] 2 Ch. 54; 74 L.T. 509. (iv.) C. D,- Registration, Representation of a Crown.—There is no binding

rule prohibiting the registration of a trade mark which contains the representation of a crown.-In re König and Ebhardts Application, L.R. (1896] 2 Ch. 236.

Trades Union :(v.) C. A.-Strike-Picketting.–Picketting except “ to obtain or com

municate information” will be restrained by interlocutory injunction. - Lyons & Sons v. Wilkins, L.R. [1896] 1 Ch. 811 ; 74 L.T. 358.

Trespass :(vi.) Ch. D. & C. A.-Tipping Spoil on to Neighbouring Land—Measure of

Damages.- Where defendants had been restrained by injunction from tipping spoil on to plaintiff's land, it was held, on the principle applied to wayleaves, that the measure of damages for the trespass committed previous to the injunction was to be based on the value for tipping of so much of the land as had been used for that purpose by the defendants, and on the diminished value to the plaintiffs of the remainder of the land.- Whitwham v. Westminster Brymbo Coal and Coke Co., Limited, L.R. [1896] 1 Ch. 894 ; 74 L.T. 405 and 804.

Trust:(vii.) C. A.- Breach-- Following Trust Funds. Where a father had appro

priated trust funds to which his son was ultimately entitled, it was held, affirming the decision of the Court below, that as there was no evidence of arrangement between the parties or of presumption of satisfaction, the son's interest under the trust was not diminished by the father having settled upon him funds in excess of that interest; notwithstanding in this respect reversing the decision of the Court below) that part of the sums so settled had been derived from the trust fund appropriated.—Chrichton v. Chrichton, L.R. (1896) 1 Ch. 870; 74 L.T. 357. (Vide 50 (vii.) ante.)

Trustee :(viii.) C. A.-Liability, Breach of Trust-Lapse of Sic Years - Account

Statute of Limitations-Trustee Act, 1888.-Decision of Chancery Court (see Vol. 21, p. 85, iii.) affirmed. How v. Eurl Winterton, 75 L.T. 40.

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C. D.- Investment - Company Incorporated by Act of Parliament.Power to trustees to invest in “ bonds, debentures, or debenture stock of any company incorporated by Act of Parliament” does not authorise investment on similar securities in a company registered under the Companies Act.-In re Smith; Davidson v. Myrtle, L.R. [1896]

2 Ch. 590; 74 L.T. 810. (ii.) C. D.-Negligence-Loss-Liability of Sleeping Trustee-Trustee Act,

1888, s. 8, sub-s. 1-Statute of Limitations.-Money for investment under a marriage settlement was handed to trustee A., who, without further steps, handed it to his fellow trustee B., who confided it to an outside broker, with the result that the greater part was lost. Held, that B. was liable to make good the loss; that both trustees were liable to the cestuis que trust following Speight v. Gaunt; that as A. and B. were in pari delicto, B., on making good the loss, would have right of contribution from A., following Chillingworth v. Chambers (Vol. 21, p. 51, i., and p. 85, iv.), and that Statute of Limitations furnished nó

defence.—Robinson v. Harkin, L.R. (1896] 2 Ch. 415 ; 74 L.T. 777. (iii.) Ch. D.-Trustee Act, 1893, ss. 31, 32, 50—Infant Tenant-in-tail-Vesting

Order.—The estate tail and remainders over are barred by the issue of an order under the Trustee Act, 1893, appointing a person to convey the estate of infant tenant-in-possession. Faber V. Montagu,

L.R. 1 Ch. 549; 74 L.T. 346. (iv.) C. D.-Absconding Trustee Vesting Order - Trustee Act, 1893,

ss. 26 G 35; Lunacy Act, 1890, ss. 135 & 136.—Where one of the trustees under a marriage settlement absconded, the Court made an order vesting the property in the remaining trustees.-In re Lees Settlement, L.R. (1896] 2 Ch. 508; 75 L.T. 178.

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Vendor and Purchaser :(v.) C. D.-Misdescription of Lease for Underlease.—Under a contract of

sale a vendor described the property as held under a lease with which the title was to commence. The so-called lease contained covenants relating to the lessor and his superior landlord. Held, that the misdescription was fatal and that therefore a good title had not been

shewn.-Broom v. Phillips, 74 L.T. 459. (vi.) C. A.-Title Deeds —“ Information not in the Vendor's Possession

Conveyancing Act, 1881, s. 3, sub-s. 6.—The expense of ascertaining the whereabouts of title deeds which are out of the vendor's possession falls upon the purchaser, under sect. 3, sub-sect. 6, of the Conveyancing Act, 1881, unless there is a stipulation to the contrary.-In re Stuart

and Olivant and Seadon's Contract, L.R. (1896] 2 Ch. 328; 74 L.T. 450. (vii.) C. D.-Will-Residue Charged with Legacies-Power to Trustees to Sell

- Concurrence of Residuary Devisees.—A testator after pecuniary and specific bequests left part of the residue of his real and personal estate to trustees upon trusts and part to certain persons equally share and share alike, with power to the trustees to sell any of the realty and hold the proceeds upon the trusts. The personal estate was not sufficient to meet the debts on the legacies. Held, that the trustees could make a valid assurance of freehold to purchaser without the concurrence of the residuary devisees. -- In re Dyson and Fowke's Contract,

74 L.T. 759. (viii.) Ch. D.-Auction-Non-disclosure of Covenants-Constructive Notice.

A purchaser of leaseholds at auction, when neither the contract nor the printed conditions of sale gave notice of onerous covenants, and who was unaware that he could have inspected the lease, was held


entitled to a rescission of the contract.- In re White and Smith's Contracts and the Vendor and Purchaser Act, 1874, L.R. (1896] 1 Ch. 637;

74 L.T. 377. (i.) C. D.--Deed of Assignment -- Bankruptcy - Conveyance - Doubtful

Title-13 Eliz., c. 5 -- Under a deed of assignment a trustee for creditors entered into possession of freehold property. Shortly after the debtor was adjudicated a bankrupt, and subsequently the creditors' trustee sold the freehold by auction. Held, that the purchaser was right in refusing to accept the title without the concurrence of the trustee in bankruptcy.-In re Poppleton and Jones's Contract and the

Vendor and Purchaser Act, 1874, 74 L.T. 582. (ii.) C. D. - Married Woman Trustee Conreyance - Concurrence of

Husband-Mrried II omen's Property Act, 1882, ss. 1, 18, 24. – The Act does not empower a married woman to convey without the concurrence of her husband property of which she is a trustee.- In re Harkness and

Allsopp's Contract, L.R. (1896] 2 Ch. 358; 74 L.T. 652. Volunteer Corps :(iii.) Q. B. D.-Rules as to Non-Efficients-- Volunteer Act, 1863, s. 24.- It is

ultra vires for a volunteer corps to make a rule that any member of the corps who should fail to make himself efficient and earn the capitation grant, shall pay to the corps a sum equal to the capitation grant which he has failed to earn.- Reg. v. Lewis and Moss, L.R.[1896]

1 Q.B. 665 ; 74 L.T. 551. Will :(iv.) P. D.- Construction. —A bequest of " shares ” in a company was held

to pass debenture stock which was the only holding of the testatrix in the company.-In re I'eeding; Armstrong v. Weeding, L.R. (1896)

2 Ch. 364; 74 L.T. 651. (v.) C. A.-Construction-Legal Disability.—Decision of Ch. D. (see

Vol. 21, p. 85, vii.) affirmed.-In re Carew; Carew v. Carero, L.R. (1896]

2 Ch. 311; 74 L.T. 501. (vi.) Ch. 1.-Construction-Bequest of All my Money”—Contingent

Interests- Bequest of Specific Sum invested in B. Company-Shares nt Premium.--A testatrix who, amongst other property, possessed 500 shares (nominally of £1 each, but worth more) in a dairy company and was entitled in reversion to certain railway stock, bequeathed, in the terms of her will, “all my money except the sum of £400 invested in the Belgravian dairy company in trust for certain persons. “The interest of the money in the Belgravian dairy company” she gave to three other persons for life in equal sums”; and added “ on their deaths I will that the whole sum invested as above be used for the purpose ” specified. One of the life beneficiaries predeceased the testatrix. Held, that 400 shares represented the capital sum of which the three beneficiaries were to have the interest for life; that "on their deaths" meant on the death of the survivor ; that the share of the one who died in the life of the testatrix was payable to the surviving beneficiaries in equal parts for their joint lives; that the survivor would take the whole interest on the 400 shares for life; and that “all my money” was the residue of the testatrix's personal property, whether in possession or reversion.In re Buller ; Buller v.

Giberne, 74 L.T. 407. (vii.) C. A.-Bequest of Furniture to A.- Power to B. to take all he might

desire from same Furniture-Equitable Charge within Locke King's Act Amendment Act, 1877, s. 1.--A testator gave to one person by will all the furniture in a house except such as should be otherwise disposed

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of; and by codicil he gave to another person everything this person might desire from the said furniture, except certain articles. Held, that the person named in the codicil could take all the furniture, other than the excepted articles. Where land is made security for a debt by any instrument which gives to the person entitled to the charge an equitable interest in the land, such instrument creates an equitable charge within the meaning of Locke King's Amendment Act, 1877.

In re Sharland ; Kemp v. Rozey (No. 2), 74 L.T. 664. (i.) C. D.--Covenant to Pay Sum Certain-Payable at Certain Time

Interest-3 & 4 Wm. IV., c. 42, s. 28.– Where a testator, covenanted to pay a fixed sum of money within six months after his death, it was held that interest at per cent. was payable from the end of the six months till the money was paid.-In re Horner; Fooks v. Horner,

L.R. (1896) 2 Ch. 188; 74 L.T. 686. (ii.) C. D.- Tenant for Life and Remainderman- Reversion - Discretionary

Power of Sale-Construction.- A testator left property, part of which consisted of a reversion expectant on the death of his mother, upon trust for his mother for life with remainder to others, with a discretionary power of sale on the trustees, which was not exercised. Held, that the personal representative of the mother was not entitled to any share or proceeds of the sale of the reversion.-- In re Pitcairn ;

Brandreth v. Colvin, L.R. (1896] 2 Ch, 199. (iii.) C. D.- Construction- Absolute Gist-Direction to Pay Part of Proceeds

of Sule-Repugnant and Void.-A testator left tea plantations in Assam and all his other property to the plaintiff, whom he appointed sole executrix, subject to the payment of his debts; but on any sale of the tea plantations he directed her to pay out of the proceeds certain sums to other persons. Held, that there was no obligation imposed upon the plaintiff to sell, and that the direction to pay to other persons part of the optional sale was repugnant and void.In re Elliot; Kelly v. Elliot, L.R. (1896] 2 Ch. 353; 75 L.T. 138.

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