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The English Constitution, a Commentary on its Nature and Growth. By JESSE MACY, M.A., Professor of Political Science in Iowa College. London: Macmillan & Co., Limited. 1897.

The writer gives us his views on the nature of our Constitution, and of its growth to the present day, dealing with Magna Charta, the Petition of Right 1628, the Habeas Corpus Act 1679, the Bill of Rights 1689, and the Act of Settlement 1700. The work is primarily intended for the American reader, who is not satisfied with knowing what a Constitution is, but also wishes to know how it was made. The work is easy reading, and useful to beginners who are not yet capable of investigating the heavier pages of Professor Dicey.

The Theory of International Trade with some of its Applications to Economic Policy. Second Edition. By C. F. BASTABLE, M.A., LL.D., Professor of Political Economy in the University of Dublin. London: Macmillan & Co., Limited. 1897.

This book is specially intended for serious students of economic theories, and the principles of the subjects are considered as free as possible from unnecessary details. It is about ten years since the first edition of this work saw light, and for those who are desirous of becoming learners of this interesting subject we are unacquainted with any better elementary book.

Il Tabellionato o Notariato. By EDOARDO DURANDO. (Turin, 1897.)

In this book the whole history of the notariate is traced from the Roman Republic through mediæval Italian and later Piedmontese law down to modern days. The office of notary has been at all times more important in Continental systems than in England, and the English reader is amazed at the amount of monographs on the subject cited by Signor Durando. In England we have not much to show, except Brooke's treatise, The notary, though apparently not of ecclesiastical origin, soon became

less ecclesiastical in his appointment and functions. In England he is still nominated by the Archbishop of Canterbury, though his duties are now mainly commercial, and almost confined in practice to the notarial protest of foreign bills of exchange. In Signor



Durando's learned and complete work there are two tables of diagrams of various notarial signs used in Italy, and it is interesting to find that in all the signs later than the year 1200 the sign of the cross-more or less disguised-appears.

This seems to point to the fact that it must have been about that date when the notary became an ecclesiastical rather than a lay official, and attained the prominent position which he occupied in Canon law.

In that system it was a maxim that the evidence of a notary was worth that of two ordinary witnesses. His gradual rise from the position of a slave in the earlier Roman law to that of a trusted public official is fully described in the work under notice. His duties-originally humble – developed into the ars notaria, and Rolandini Rodulphini published a Summa Totius Artis Notaria (Venice, 1546) Italy in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries produced several notaries whose names are known to every student of history and literature. Among others, were the fathers of Dante (possibly) and of Petrarca respectively, Brunetto Latini the master of Dante, Pier delle Vigne the Chancellor of Frederic II., and Cola di Rienzi.


The Harvard Law Review. (Cambridge, Mass., January and February, 1897.)

In these numbers the articles most interesting to English lawyers will be one “ Unfair Competition,” beginning with the case of Knott v. Morgan, 2 Keen, 213 (1836), and another on The Judicial Characteristics of the late Lord Bowen."

American Law Review. (St. Louis, January February, 1897.)

There are interesting articles on Bracton, Coke, and Bacon, and a by no means enthusiastic estimate of “ The Law as a Profession for Young Men."

The University Law Review. (New York, February, 1897.)

This review is extremely technical, and most of the articles deal with points of American law.

Canada Law Journal. (Toronto, February, 1897.)

This is chiefly a collection of reports, ainong which English decisions are well represented, though perhaps some of them are a little belated.

Journal du Droit International Privé et de la Jurisprudence Comparée, Nos. XI.-XII. (Paris, 1896.)

The number opens with an interesting sketch of the English law of intestate succession, by M. Stocquart, of Brussels. Later on there is a discussion of the case of Sun-Yat-Sen and the rights of legations. The writer agrees with the view taken by Professor Holland in a letter to the Times of the 24th October, 1896, that though every man's house is his castle, it is not his prison, even in the case of an ambassador. A curious case noticed is that of the process in Italy against Prince Barberini Colonna di Sciarra for an offence impossible in England, viz., selling to a foreigner part of his collection of pictures and sculpture. The family had held through successive generations the collection bequeathed to it by Urban VIII. in 1628. In the end judgment was given against the Prince by the Court of Appeal of Ancona, not without some difficulties as to the interpretation of the law.

Among periodicals we notice: The Chicago Legal News; I he Law Book News, of St. Paul, Minn.; The National Corporation Reporter, of Chicago; The American Law Register and Review ; The Canadian Law Times; The Western Law Times, of Canada; The Madras Law Journal; The Law Times, London; The Law Fournal, London; Bulletin Mensuel de la Société de Législation Comparée ; Annuaire de Législation Française ; Annuaire de Législation Etrangère, Paris; La Revue Générale ; Revue Bibliographique Belge ; Case and Comment, Rochester, N.Y.

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HER MAJESTY'S Diamond Jubilee, to celebrate the

sixtieth year of Her glorious reign, was kept on the 22nd day of June. The Inns of Court celebrated the event in various ways.

Lincoln's Inn gave a Dinner to the Colonial Premiers on the 5th July; the Inner Temple entertained about 2,000 children at a Garden Party on the 8th July ; Gray's Inn did the same on 26th June, besides giving a grand Ball on the 25th June. The Middle Temple probably excelled the three other Inns, by giving a Banquet on the 6th July, a Ball on the gth July, and a Garden Party to distinguished guests on the 13th July.

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The Council of the Incorporated Law Society gave a Jubilee Ball on the 30th June in their Hall in Chancery Lane.

In the case of Bendall v. Lofthouse, tried at the Skipton County Court, Mr. Bompas, Q.C., seems to have negatived the elementary proposition that a solicitor has a lien on papers which he deals with as such. But on appeal to the Divisional Court, Mr. Justice Cave explained that "the plaintiff (a solicitor) has a lien, for preparing the deeds, on the parchment, and writing of the re-conveyance and conveyance,” while Mr. Justice Ridley remarked : “I have considerable difficulty in following either of the County Court Judge's reasons why there should be no lien."


A Lawyer's “Farewell” to Themis on leaving Town for the Long Vacation :

Themis thou Goddess most divine
Thou fairest of th’ Olympic line,
To thee " Farewell”!—The time must be,
When from this sultry Town 1 flee;
For Sirius reigns. And who can dare
His scorching influence to bear ?
From Town I flee, in hopes to find
Repose for body, rest for mind;
I go to seek umbrageous shade,
Where flow'rets bloom, and never fade,
Within that grove, so calm and fair,
Where Nymphs and Satyrs all repair,
'Mid Phoebe's glances, from on high,
Partaking of divinity!
I leave the Bar, the Courts, the Gown,
Forensic glitter, and renown:
I leave the Common Law in peace,
I wail the Statute book's increase.
Themis “Farewell”! For I must go
While Long Vacation doth allow,
While those Three Sisters will permit
From chambers stern a bright exit.
" Farewell”! “Farewell ” ! it smites my heart
To think how shortly we must part,
And cease to burn the midnight oil
In deep research or legal toil.
But yet“ Farewell”; I go away
To seek repose without delay,
To breathe the balmy air, until
Arrives November, gaunt and chill,
When back again will I return
For Themis' words once more to burn,
Again to eat the Temple fare,
Again the work and toil to share,
Again, with deepest joy to find
The Goddess fair I left behind !
More can I say! such joys in store
To meet thee, Themis, then once more !


The Middle Temple.

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