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Forest Law, and consequently subject to the exercise of exceptional rights. The author gives a special care to footpaths, as also to fords, towing-paths, cliffs and foreshores. Since the Commons Preservation Society was established, some thirty years ago, these subjects have been better protected, but although improvement has resulted, there is still much to be desired. We are sure that the book will meet with much appreciation, not only at the hands of the legal profession, but of the public at large.


Paterson's Practical Statutes of the Session 1896 (59 and 6o Vict.), with Introductions, Notes, Tables of Statutes, repealed and subjects altered, Lists of Local and Personal and Private Acts, and a copious Index. Edited by S. Corron, Barrister-at-Law. London : Horace Cox. 1896.

The late Session of Parliament has produced a rather smaller crop of Statutes than usual, but all those of practical use will be found carefully edited in their proper places, together in many cases with an editorial preface of their particular design. It is undoubtedly the best collection of Statutes published.


Principes du Droit des Gens. By ALPHONSE RIVIER, ConsulGeneral of the Swiss Confederation, Professor at the University of Brussels, Honorary Professor of the University of Lausanne. Two Vols. Paris: A. Rousseau. 1896.

M. Rivier tells us, that he has endeavoured to prepare a book on the Law of Nations, which may hold a middle place between the already well-known and elaborate works on that subject, and the more succinct treatises of Hefi'ter, Bluntschli, and Bulmerincq. He confesses that he has culled his work from many sources, and very honestly gives us a list of his authorities, among which we are pleased to find the names of W-. B. Lawrence, Henry Wheaton, John Westlake, Q.C., and Sir Travers Twiss, Q.C. He divides his compilation into two volumes, dealing in the first volume with the general preliminary notions on the Law of Nations, next with States, then with Territorial Rights including the High Seas, and then with the rights essential to States, and with restrictions raised against these rights by the fact of international comity, and the

representatives and the organisation of States for their foreign relations. In the second volume we have the questions of negotiations and of public acts emanating from governments, conventions, and treaties between States, differences between States and the means of reconciliation, forcible means, such as war, and the laws of war. Dealing with Extradition, he says that some States, “considering with reason that Extradition proceeds from a general obligation of mutualjudicial assistance, proceed to grant it without conventions, and under circumstances that conventions have not foreseen; generally, but not necessarily, by way of reciprocity. This is the true system, and the one conformable to the real ideas of international comity and of the duties which it imposes.” M. Rivier has laid down in these few words a rule of law which is unfortunately misunderstood by many civilised States, as pointed out in an Article in this Magazine in our last issue. Space forbids us to enlarge more fully on the excellences of his book; but ex uno disee omnes. It is a truly valuable work, and one which we should like to see translated into the English tongue.


Etudes de Droit International et de Droit Politique. By ERNEST Nvs, Professor of the University of Brussels, judge of the Tribunal of First Instance, Member of the Institute of Inter

national Law. Brussels: A. Castaigne. Paris: A. Fontemoing. 1896.

The author of this work had already contributed much of its substance in the Revue de droit international et de legislation oamparée and in the Société nouvelle. He has now united this valuable information with some additions in the volume before us. The work is at once international and historical; it deals with the political creations of the Middle Ages arising in the immediate contiguity of the Mediterranean; it glances at the relations of the Arabs and the Byzantines, at the Military Institutions of Christian Spain, at the Brehon laws of Ireland and at Denmark, Norway, and other countries of the North. But what more immediately concerns Great Britain is a very interesting chapter on England and the Holy See during the Middle Ages, in which the causes of the Great Charter are very fully and eruditely explained, and the intrepidity of the Barons of England for their rights against both King and Pope is brilliantly shewn forth. Another chapter on Medieval England refers to the Constitutions of Clarendon, to the Provisions of Oxford, and to other landmarks of our political Constitution. Other chapters referring to the claim of Pope Alexander VI. to divide the New World between the Spanish and the Portuguese, the Rights of the American Indians, the Slavery of the Negro, and the French Revolution, tend to add more and more to the merits of this learned and well digested treatise. We heartily congratulate M. Nys on his well considered labours.


Le Témoignage de la F emme; L’Epargne de la Femme Mariée ; Les Salaires de la Farnille Ouvriére. By Louis FRANK, Advocate at the Court of Brussels, Vice-President of the Universal Feministic Federation. Brussels: H. Lamertin. 1896.

La Femme contre L’Alcool. By Louis FRANK. Brussels: H. Lamertin. 1897.

These Articles relate to the emancipation of woman. In the first the author considers the incapacity of woman to give evidence, or the disadvantage of her evidence being deemed in rnany States inferior to that of the man. He contrasts these laws disadvantageously with the Law of England, by which her testimony is always receivable and of the same value as that of the other sex. In his second Article, he refers to the Belgian League for the Rights of Women, founded in 1892 for procuring protection for her savings, and speaks with praise of the Married \/Vomen’s Property Acts of Great Britain. In his third Article, he proposes protection for the wages of a married woman. In his latest Article of this year, he inveighs against the increase of drunkenness, quoting the words of the Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone :——“ Alcohol causes more ravages than pestilence, famine, and war.” His arguments are succinct and to the point; he is worthy of all praise for his attempts to stay the above-mentioned evils, which have too long been a disgrace to our vaunted nineteenth century civilisation.


H unt’s Law of Boundaries and Fences, in relation to the Sea-shore and Sea-bed, Public and Private Rivers and Lakes, Private Properties, Mines, Railways, Highways, Canals, Waterworks, Parishes and Counties, Church Lands, Inclosed Lands, &c.

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Fourth Edition. By ARCHIBALD BRow N, of the Middle Temple,
Barrister-at-Law. London: Butterworth & Co. 1896.

This well-known work has already run into four editions, and continues to hold its own. It is a matter of common knowledge, that a disputed landmark will cause years and years of enmity between two rival landowners; nor in the earliest days of civilisation was this subject considered as of little moment, since the first law-giver Moses teaches us “accursed be he who removes his neighbour's landmark.” The editor, who, we notice, has been assisted by Mr. J. C. Swinburne-Hanham, of the Middle Temple, Barrister-at-Law, has endeavoured to observe the proportion due to each of the multifarious subjects which he has treated of; the word “boundaries and fences” encompassing a vastissimus campus of sea-walls, fisheries, sewers, encroachments, party-walls, trees, pits, quarries, level crossings on railways, etc., which few books deal with at all. The dates of the decisions are added in a well-digested Index of Cases.

The Yearly County Court Practice, 1897. Founded on “Archbold's County Court Practice,” and “Pitt-Lewis' County Court Practice.” By G. PITT-LEwis, Q.C., Recorder of Poole, and C. Arnold White, B.A., of the Inner Temple, Barrister-at-Law. Two Vols. London : Butterworth & Co., Shaw and Sons. 1897.

The first volume of this new Annual Practice deals with what may be termed the ordinary jurisdiction of County Courts under the County Courts Act 1888, the Debtors Act 1869, the Bills of Exchange Act 1855, the Employers' Liability Act 1880, and the County Courts Admiralty Jurisdiction Acts 1868 and 1869, while the second volume deals with the special matters which the Legislature has confided to the administration of County Courts; to these may be added all the County Court Rules to date. The County Court Acts have been so thoroughly probed from time to time by the many writers on the subject, that it is difficult to find any sod of virgin soil not already turned. We notice with pleasure that the learned editors have availed themselves of all that is to be learnt aliunde, and have followed it up by adding every new enactment and reported case touching on the subject collated, so as to bring the work up to date. A Table of Statutes, the same of Consolidated Acts, and the same of Cases materially add to the utility of the work, while an Appendix of Forms, Court Fees, and Scale of Costs render the book more valuable. The second volume contains a vast number of Statutes; some providing for the recovery of penalties, some for the recovery of money, some specially for the settlement of disputes, some conferring an administrative jurisdiction, and others authorizing enquiries in the public interest. As an Annual Practice it is of inestimable worth.


International Law. A simple statement of its principles. By HERBERT Wolcott BowBN. New York and London : Putnam’s Sons. 1896.

The author has attempted to compress within 160 pages an abstract of some of the chief rules of International Law. The notes are not very good; in some cases they are inaccurate. Thus, at page Ioo, he omits Venezuela as one of the Powers who declined to accede to the Declaration of Paris, 1856. At page IOI, referring to visitation and search in suppressing the slave trade, he omits all mention of the Brussels' General Act of 1890. Nor is that Act to be found in his list of principal Treaties. Again, among the principal writers on International Law, he omits the name of the great American jurist, Halleck. Other faults might be mentioned. The chief merit of the book is its brevity.

Mortuary Law. By SIDNEY PERLEY, of the Massachusetts Bar. Boston: G. B. Reed. 1896.

The author has chosen a somewhat gruesome subject for his theme. He has collected all the law concerning burial of the dead, beginning with the last sickness and ending with the cemetery. Of course the law cannot be relied on with safety by practitioners in this country. But in many cases the laws of Great Britain and of the United States are similar; while there are often points of practice, yet unadjudicated on in this country, of which the practitioner may obtain a valuable suggestion from an adjudicated case in the United States' courts. The author refers to burial by cremation, but we regret that he does not sufficiently insist on the most natural of all burials, “earth to earth.”

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