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DAT OT YRAL.

. Dat or Мотв.

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SUN AT Moon

MARE. Local time.

Full Moon ... First Quarter . New Moon ... Last Quarter ..

MOON'S PHASES.

2781

INTER-COL.

Calendar for Me., Calendar for Boston, Mana, Calendar for N. York city ; Cal. for Wash., D.C.; Calendar for Charleston, 8.
N. &., Out., No. N. N. Hampshire, Vermont, So. Now York, Conn., Dol., Md., Va., W. C.; Georgia, Ala., Miss.,
York, Mich., Wis.,

Central New York. So, R. L., P., N. J., North VA., 8. Ohio, Ind., South Ark., North Loul.
Minn.. N. and S. Michigan and Wisconsin, ern part of Ohio, Ind., ni., N. Mo., Kan., alana, North Toxas, so.
Dok., Mon.,Wash.,

North lowı, Wyoming, and fil., 80. lowı, Neb., Cent. Col., C.Utah, Now Mexico, Southern
N. Oro., N. Idaho.

So. Idabo, So. Oregon. N. Col., Utah, Nov., Cal. 0. Neb... Cal. Arizona, So. California.
San SUD Moon Sun Sun Moon H. W. SUD

SOD MOOD ዚ H. W. Bad BUD

Moon

Sun Sun Moon H. W.
rosa./ sets. roos. rises. Bete. rises. Boston risee. Bets. rises. R. Y. rises. Bete.rsos. risos. sota rises. Ch't'a.
H. M. S. H.M. H.M. K. M. H.M.M.M. H. M. H. M. H.M.H.M.H. M. H. M. H.M.H.M. H. M. H.M.H.M. H. M. H.M.
274 Sa 11 49 33 5 58 5 411 6 15 575 42 6 911 56 5 56 5 43 6 13 8 5415 555 43 6 17 5 545 45 6 29 8 32
275 28 11 49 1415 595 396 34 15 58 5 406 44 ev 39 5 57 5 416 499 37 5 56 5 42 6 545 545 44 7 9 9 12
276 3 M 11 48 5516 15 37 7 10 5 59 5 39 7 22 1 235 585 39 7 28 10 20 5 57 5 40 7 34 5 555 42 7 51 955
2771 4 Tu 11 48 376 25 35 2 546 05 37 8 7 2 715 595 38 8 1311 25 58 5 39 8 19 5 565 41 8 3810 38
W 11 48 19

35 33 8 456 15 35 8 58 2 546 05 36 9 411 51 5 595 37 9 10 5 5715 40 9 29 11 25
279 6Th 11 48 2 45 32 9 426 25 33 9 53 3 4416 15 35 959 ev 436 05 35 10 55 57 5 39 10 22 ev 17
280 7 Fr 11 47 446 65 30 10 426 35 32 10 53 4 3816 25 33 10 58 1 376 15 34 11 35 58 5 37 11 18 1 12
2811 8 Sa 11 47 28 16 7 5 28 11 416 45 30 11 52 5 346 3 5 31 11 56 2 326 25 32 12 05 59 5 36 mo. 2 10
282 9 8 11 47 1216 85 26 mo.6 65 28 mo. 6 2816 415 30 mo. 3 266 315 31mo. 6 05 35 13 3 4
28310M 11 46 566 95 25 4716 7 5 27 54 7 236 55 28 57 4 2016 45 29 1 016 05 33 1 9 3 59
28411 Tu 11 46 4116 11 5 23 1 536 85 25 I 57 8 1316 75 27| 1 59 5 10 55 28 2 116 115 32 2 7 4 51
28512 W 11 46 2616 125 21 2 5916 9 5 23 3 19 016 8 5 25 3 3 5 586 65 26 3 36 25 31 3 5 5 38
28613 Th 11 46 126 135 19 4 616 10 3 22 4 5 9 4416 95 23 4 5 6 4216 75 25 4 56 25 30 4 3
28714 Fr 11 45 596 14 5 18 5 146 115 20 511 10 29/6 105 22 5 10 7 256 85 23 5 816 35 29 5 4 7
288 15 Sa 11 45 45 6 16 5 16 sets 6 13 5 19 sets W 116 115 20 sets 8 66 95 22 sets 6 4 5 27 sets 7 47
289 16 8 11 45 336 17 5 14 5 26 6 145 17 5 3511 546 125 19 5 40 8 526 10 5 21 5 446 55 26 5 58 8 30
29017 M 11 45 1916 18 5 12 6 46 155 156 16 mo. 6 13 5 17 6 21 9 426 115 19 6 276 55 25 6 43 917
291|18 Tur 45 916 20 5 11 6 556 165 14 7 7 44/6 14 5 16 7 13 10 326 125 18 7 1916 65 24 7 38 10 8
29219 Wu 44 596 21 5 9 7 566 17 5 12 8 8 1 366 15 5 14 8 14 11 256 135 16 8 20 6 2 5 23 8 3911 2
293 20 Th 11 44 48 16 22 5 7 9 616 18 5 11 9 18 2 3116 16 5 13 9 23 mo. 6 14 5 15 9 296 815 22 9 45 mo.
294 21 Fr 11 44 396 235 610 24 16 20 5 9 10 33 3 2816 18 5 12 10 37 2616 1515 14 10 4216 95 21 10 55 I
295 22 Sa 11 44 30 16 255 411 396 21 5 8 11 46 4 3016 195 1011 49 i 29/6 16.5 13 11 536 95 19mo.
296 23 8 11 44 22 16 265 3 mo. 16 22 5 6 mo. 5 3416 20 5 9mo. 2 3216 18 5 11mo. 16 10 5 18

3 2 10
297 24 M 12 44 14 16 27 5 1 556 23 5 5 1 0 6 39 6 21 5 7 1 2 3 3616 195 10 1 46 11 5 17 I 10 3 15
298 25 Tu 12 44 294 59 2 8 16 24 5 3 2 10 7 366 22 5 6 2 11 4 336 20 5 9 2 116 125 16 2 14 4 13
299 26 W 12 44 26 30 4 58 3 22 16 26 5 2 3 21 8 3116 23 5 4 3 205 286 21 8 3 20 6 13 5 15 3 18 5 8
300 27 Th 12 43 566 31 4 56 4 336 27 5 1 4 29 9 2016 24 5 3 4 28 6 1816 2215 6 4 266 135 14 421 557
301 28 Fr 12 43 5216 33 4 55 5 426 28 4 59 5 37 10 616 265 2 5 34 7 416 235 5 5 316 14 5 13 5 23 6 41
302 29 Sa 12 43 48 16 34 4 53 rises 6 294 57 rises 10 516 275 Irises 7 466 245 4 rises 6 15 5 12 rises 7 25

12 43 45 6 36 4 52 5 816 31 4 57 5 19 11 3216 28 4 50 5 24 8 276 255 21 5 2916 16 5 11 5 45 8 8 (304|31|M (12 43 4216 374 511 5 5016 32'4 556 2lev 1516 294 58 6 71 9 1416 3615 116 1316 1715 10 6 311 8 50

BASTBRN.

D.D. H. M.

18 mo.' 2 5 ev.

D. H. ».

I 5 ev.
8 37 mo. 7 37 mo. 6 37 mo.
9 mo. 4 9 mo. 3 9 mo.
* 18 mo.) 8 18 mo.

O 5 ev.
D. H. K.

5 18 mo.
D. H. M.

5 37 mo. 4 37 mo. II 5 mo. 10 5 mo.

4 18 mo.

o 9 mo. D. H. X.

CENTRAL

ou 6

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30330 8

DAY OF YBAL

DAY OF MONTR.

DAY OF WEKK.

SUN AT NOON

DIARK. Local time.

Calendar for Me., Calendar for Boston, Mase,, Calendar for N. York city Cal. for Wash.,D.C.; Calendar for Charleston, S.
N.S., Ont., No. N. N. Hampshire, Vermont, So. New York, Conn., Del., Md., Va., W. C.: Georgia, Ale, Mise..
York, Mich., Wis.,

Central New York, So. B. I, P., N. J., North Va., 8. ubio, Ind., South Ark., North Loui.
Min.. N. and S. Michigan and Wisconsin, ern part of Ohio, Ind., Di., N. Mo., Kan., elada, Nortb 'Texas, so.
Dak. Mon.,Wash., North lowa, Wyoming, and n., 80. lowa, Neb., Cent, Col., C.Utah, New Mexico, Southern
N. Ore., N. Idaho. So. Idaho, So. Oregon. N. Col., Otab, Nev., Cal. C. Neb., C. Cal. Arizona So. California.
Son Sun Moon Sun Sun Moon H. W Son SND

MOOD
H. W.

80D
MOOD

SUD SOD Moon H. W.
115es, seta. rises. rises. sets, rises. Boston rises. Beta. risee. N. Y. rises, sets, rises. mees. Bete. ribes. Ch't'o.
H. M. S. H.M.H.M. H. M. H.M.H.M. H. M. H.M.H.M.H.M. H. M. H. M. H.M.H.M. H.M.H.M. H.M. H. M. H. M.

Full Moon
First Quarter
New Moon
Last Quarter

800

MOON'S PHASES.

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305 1 Tu 11 43 41 16 38 4 49 6 386 33 4 54 6 50 5416 304 57 6 56 9 366 27 5 0 7 216 18 5 9 7 21 9 30
305 2 W u 43 406 404 43 7 32 16 34 4 53 7 44 1 446 31 4 56 7 49 10 3816 28 4 59 7 556 195 9 8 13 10 15
307 3 Th| 43 406 4 4 47 8 336 36 4 5 8 42 2 296 32 4 54 8 48 236 294 58 8 536 195 8 9 91 0
303 4 Fr 11 43 416 424 45 9 316 37 4 50 940 3 14 6 34 4 53 9 45 ev 116 31 4 57 9 4816 205 710 211 46
309 5 Sa 11 43 43 6 444 44 10 3316 38 4 49 10 40 4 2 35 4 52 10 44 1 32 4 56 10 47 6 215 610 58 ev 35
310 6 3 11 43 466 45 4 42 11 57 16 39 4 48 11 42 4 5116 36 4 51 11 44 1 496 334 5511 4716 225 511 54 1 26
311 7M 1 43 496 47 4 41 mo. 16 41 4 47 mo. 5 406 274 50 mo. 2 3816 344 54 mo. 6 23 5 4 mo.

2 16
312 8 Tu 1 43 5416 484 40 436 42 4 45 45 6 3216 38 4 49 46 3 3016 35 4 53 4716 24 5 4 51 3 8
313 9W 11 43 59 16 494 39 1 476 434 44 1 47 7 256 404 48 1 47 4 226 36 4 52 1 4716 25 5 3 1 481 4 I
31410 Th11 41 56 51 4 38 2 536 44 4 43 2 51 8 166 414 47 2 50 5 136 37 4 51 2 496 265 2 2 464 54
315 u Fr 11 41 12 6 52 4 37 4 616 464 42 4 1 9 76 42 4 46 3 596 56 38 4 50 3 576 275 2 3 50 5 45
316 12 Sa 11 44 20 16 534 35 5 206 47 4 41 5 13 9 5816 43 4 45 5 9 6 566 394 49 5 616 275 1 455 6 33
31713 8 11 44 286 55 4 34 sets 16 48 4 40 sets 10 5116 444 44 sets 7 466 40 4 48 sets 16 28 5 o sets 7 25
31814 M 11 44 386 56 4 33 4 446 494 39 5 56 11 446 46 4 43 5 2 8 376 414 47 5 816 29 5 0 5 26 8 18
31915 Tu 11 44 486 57 4 32 5 446 51 4 39 6 56 mo. 6 47 4 42 6 2 9 316 434 47 6 816 30 4 59 5 27 9 6
320 16 W 11 44 596 594 31 6 546 52 4 38 7 6 336 484 41 7 11 10 24 6 444 46 7 1716 31 4 59 7 34 10 0
32117 Th 11 45 1117 04 30 8 516 534 37 8 15 1 286 49 4 40 8 2011 1716 454 45 8 2516 32 4 58 8 39 10 54
322 18 Fr 11 45 24 17 14 30 9 28 6 54 4 36 9 36 2 236 50 4 39 9 39 mo. 6 46 4 44 9 436 33 4 58 9 54 11 49
323 19 Sa 11 45 3817 34 29 10 4616 564 35 10 511 3 1716 514 39 10 53 1516 474 44 10 556 34 4 57 11 3mo.

11 45 52 7 44 28 12 06 57 4 34 mo. 4 126 53 4 38 mo. I 116 484 43 mo. 6 35 4 57 mo. 45
32521 M 11 46 817 54 27 mo. 16 58 4 34 2 5 10/6 54 4 38 4 2 816 494 43 516 36 4 56 9 1 45
326 22 Tu 11 46 247 7 4 26 1 116 594 33 1 116 76 55 4 37| 1 11 3 516 504 42 1 116 37 4 56 111 2 42
327/23 W 11 46 4017 84 26 2 2117 0 4 32 2 19 7 36 56 4 36 2 18 4 06 514 42 2 1716 38 4 56 2 13 3 39
328 24 Th11 46 5817 94 25 3 3217 24 32 3 27 7 576 57 4 36 3 24 4 536 52 4 41 3 22 6 38 4 55 3 14 4 35
329 25 Fr 11 47 16 7 10 4 24 4 4117 34 31 4 34 8 4916 58 4 35 4 30 5 4616 534 40 4 276 394 55 4 15 5 20
330 26 Sa 11 47 3617 114 24 5 4817 44 31 5 39 9 396 59 4 35 5 356 376 55 4 405 306 40 4 55 5 166 16

11 47 55 7 13 4 23 rises 17 54 30 rises 10 2017 04 35 rises 7 236 56 4 40 rises 16 41|4 55 rises 6 59 33228 M 11 48 157 14 4 23 4 3117 64 30 4 43 11 1917 24 34 4 49 8 516 574 40 4 556 424 54 9 14 7 46 333 29 Tu 11 48 377 154 22 5 2317 7 4 30 5 35 11 527 34 34 541 8 506 58 4 39 5 476 43 4 546 5

8 28 3.34 30 wlu 48 5817 164 22 6 2217 8:4 29 6 33 ev 3617_44 34 6 38 9 3416 5914 39 6 4416 444 54 7 0 9 9

20
13
27 28 0 39 mo.

I 5 ev.
D.D. H. M.

10 28 mo
8 20 ev.

11 39 ev.
0 5 ev.
7 20 ev

9 28 mo.
|D. H. M.

10 39 ev.
6 20 ev.

8 28 mo
D. H. M.
11 5 mo. 10 5 mo.

*9 39 ev.
520 ev.

7 28 mo.
D. H. M.

8 39 ev. 95 mo. 4 20 ev.

6 28 mo. D. H. x.

CENTRAL

324 208

MOUNTAIN .

331278

PAATIC.

Full Moon.
First Quarter .
New Moon
Last Quarter ..

MOON'S PHASES.

ev 39

32 I 28

INTER-COL.

345 11S

Calendar for Me., Calendar for Boston, Mase, Calendar for N. York city : Cal. for Wash.,D.C.; Calendar for Charleston, &
N.S., Ont., No. N. N. Hampabire, Vermont, 80. New York, Conn., Del., Md., Va., W. O.; Goorgia, Ala., Mles.,
York, Mich., Wis.,

Central New York, So. B. L, Pa., N.J., North Va., 8. Oblo, Ind., South Ark., North Loul
Mion., N. and S. Michigan and Wisconsin, ern part of Ohio, Ind., DL, N. Mo., Kan., siana, North Texas, 8o.
Dak. Mon.,Wush., North lowa, Wyoming, and m., 80. lows, Neb., Cent. Col., C. Utah, Now Mexico, Southern
N. Oro., N. Idaho. 8o. Idaho, So. Oregon. N. Col., Utah, Nev.. Cal. 0. Neb., d. Cal. Arizona, So, California.
San Sun

MOOD

Sun BOD Moon 8. W. Son SUD Moon H. W Rua Bun MOOD SOD SUD Moon H. W.
rises. sets. rises. ripea.meta. rises. Botton rison.seta BAB. N. Y. risos. Bete.roes. risos. sote. rises. Ch'ta.
H. M. S. H.M. H.M.H. M. H.M.H.M. H. M. H. M. H.M.H.M. H. M. H. M. H.M.H.M. H. M. H.M.H.M. H. M. H.M.
335 1 Th 11 49 2117 1714 21 7 21 7 10 4 29 7 31 1 2017 54 34 7 35 10 177 04 39 7 4016 454 54 7 54 9 52
336 2 Fr 11 49 447 184 21 8 237 11 4 29 8 30 2 117 64 33 8 3410 557 14 39 8 386 454 54 8 4910 32
337 3 Sa 11 50 817 20 4 21 9 257 12 4 28 9 30 2 4117 7 4 33 9 33 11 377 24 38 9 366 464 54 9 45 11 12
338 48 11 50 3217 214 20 10 287 134 28 10 311 3 2217 84 33 10 33 ev 2017 24 3 10 3516 47 4 54 10 40 11 54
339 5M 11 50 577 22 4 20 11 32 17 14 4 28 11 33 4 617 94 32 11 34 i 517 34 3 11 3416 484 5411 36 12 51
340 6 Tuu 51 237 234 20 mo. 17 154 28 mo. 4 53 7 10 4 32 mo. 1 5117 4/4 38 mo 6 494 54 mo.
341 Z W11 51 49 7 24 4 20 3517 164 28 34 5 44|7 11 4 32 34 2 42 7 54 38| 336 494 54
342 8 Th 11 52157 254 20 1 4317 17 4 281 1 40 6 39 7 12 4 32 138 3 367 64 38 1 3616 50 4 54 1 31 2 20
343 9 Fr|11 52 42 17 26 4 20 2 54 7 17 4 28 2 481 7 35 4 134 32 2 45 4 3217 7 4 38 2 436 514 54 2 34 3 15
344 10 Sa 11 53 917 274 20 4 817 18 4 23 4 0 8 357 144 32 3 56 5 3217 84 38) 3 526 524 54 3 40 4 12

11 53 377 274 20 5 25 17 19 4 28 5 15 9 357 15 4 32 5 10 6 337 94 38 5 56 534 55 4 49 5 12
34612 M 11 54 617 284 20 6 41 14 20 4 28 6 29 10 357 154 32 6 24 7 317 94 39 / 1816 544 55 6 0 12
34713 Tunı 54 34 17 294 20 sets 17 21 4 28 sets 1 2817 16 4 33 sets 8 237 10 4 39 sets 16 544 55 sets
34814W 11 55 317 30 4 20 5 47 17 22 4 28 5 57 mo. 17 16 4 33 6 3 9 21 7 11 4 39 6 816 554 55 6 24 84
34915 Th 11 55 32 17 37 4 21 7 817 22 4 29 7 17| 237 17 4 33 7 21 10 1417 124 39 7 2516 564 56 738 8 57
350 16 Fr 11 56 117 314 21 8 2917 23 4 29 8 35 1 1717 18 4 33 8 38 11 27 12 4 408 406 56 4 56 849 9 49
351 17 Sa 11 56 317 324 21 9 477 24 4 29 9 50 2 217 18 4 33 9 52 11 53|7 134 40 9 536 57 4 56 9 5810 38

II 57 17 334 2111 117 24 4 2911 2 2 5617 19 4 34 11 2 mo. 17 14 4 40 11 216 5814 57 11 II 27
35319 M 11 57 307 334 22 mo. 17 25 4 30 mo. 3 45 7 204 34 mo. 44/7 14 4 41 mo. 16 58 4 57 mo. mo.
354 20 Tu 11 58 017 34 4 22 1417 26 4 30 12 4 3717 204 35 I 3617 15 4 41 1016 59 4 58

7 18 355 21 W1 58 30 7 34 4 23 1 237 26 4 31 1 19 5 3217 21 4 35 1 17 2 3017 15 4 42 i 1416 594 581 1 8 III 356 22 Th 11 59 017 35 4 23 2 33 26 4 31 2 26 6 277 21 4 36 2 23 3 257 16 4 42 2 19 7 0 4 59 2 9 2 8 357 23 Fr 11 59 30 7 354 24 3 407 274 32 3 31 7 257 22 4 37 3 27 4 22 7 16 4 43 3 237 04 59 3 9 3 3 358 24 Sa 12 O 017 36 4 25 4 4417 27 4 32 4 34 8 21 7 22 4 37 4 28 5 1817 17 4 43 4 237 15 0 4 3 4 35925 S 12 0 3017 36 4 25 5 4517 28 4 33 5 33 9 1517 234 38 5 28 6 137 174 44 5 22 7 15 0 5 4 4 57 360 26 M 12 0 5917 36 26 6 4017 284 33 6 28 10 517 23 4 39 6 22 7 3317 17 4 44 6 167 15 1 5 57 361 27 Tu 12 1 29 7 37 4 26 rises 17 28 4 34 rises 10 5017 23 4 39 rises 7 44 7 18 4 45 rises 7 25 2 rises 40 362 28 W 12 1 17 37 4 27 5 1217 294 35 5 23 11 337 23 4 40 5 28 8 2817 18 4 46 5 337 25 2 48 363 29 Th 12 2 2717 37 4 28 6 147 29 4 36 6 22 ev 13 7 24 4 40 6 26 9 127 18 4 47 6 307 25 3 43 8 364 30 Fr 12 2 5617 37 4 29 7 16 7 29 4 37 7 23 5217 24 4 411 7 26 9 507 19 4 47 7 29 7 25 41 738 848 365)31 Sa 112 32517 37 4 30 8 1917 3014 371 8 23 : 3017 24/4 421 8 2510 4617 1914 481 8 2717 35 41 8 33 9 25'

EASTERN.

6

II 21 ev.

7 39 ev.
D.D. H. M.

743 mo.
6 5 mo

6 39 ev.
IO 21 ev.
6 43 mo.

5 5 mo D. H. M.

5 39 ev. 9 21 ev. 5 43 mo.

4 5 mo.
D. H. M.

3
4 39 ev.
8 21 ev.

4 43 mo.
D. H. M.
5 mo. 2

3 39 ev.
7 21 ev.

3 43 mo. D. H. M.

5 mo.

35218/8

CENTRAL

II

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PREAMBLE.

and if vacancies happen by resignation or We, the people of the United States, in otherwise during the recess of the Legis

order to form a more perfect union, es lature of any State, the executive thereof tablish justice, insure domestic tranquil may make temporary appointments until lity, provide for the common defence, pro the next meeting of the Legislature, which mote the general welfare, and secure shall then fill such vacancies. the blessings of liberty to ourselves and No person shall be a Senator who shall our posterity, do ordain and establish not have attained to the age of thirty this Constitution for the United States years and been nine years a citizen of the of America.

United States, and who shall not, when ARTICLE I.

elected, be an inhabitant of that State for Section 1. All legislative powers herein

which he shall be chosen. granted shall be vested in a Congress of

The Vice-President of the United States the United States, which shall consist of a

shall be President of the Senate, but shall Senate and House of Representatives.

have no vote unless they be equaliy diSec. 2. The House of Representatives

vided. shall be composed of members chosen

The Senate shall choose their other ofevery second year by the people of the

ficers, and also a President pro tempore several States, and the electors in each

in the absence of the Vice-President, or State shall have the qualifications requisite

when he shall exercise the office of Presifor electors of the most numerous branch

dent of the United States. of the State Legislature.

The Senate shall have the sole power to No person shall be a Representative who try all impeachments. When sitting for shall not have attained the age of twenty that purpose, they shall be on oath or five years, and been seven years a citizen

affirmation. When the President of the of the United States, and who shall not,

United States is tried the Chief Justice when elected. be an inhabitant of that shall preside; and no person shall be conState in which he shall be chosen.

victed without the concurrence of twoRepresentatives and direct taxes shall be

thirds of the members present. apportioned among the several States

Judgment in cases of impeachment shall which may be included within this Union

not extend further than to removal from according to their respective numbers,

office and disqualification to hold and enjoy which shall be determined by adding to

any office of honor, trust or profit under the whole number of free persons, includ

the United States; but the party convicted ing those bound to service for a term of

shall, nevertheless, be liable and subject years, and excluding Indians not taxed, to ir.dictment, trial, judgment and punishthree-fifths of all other persons.

The

ment, according to law. actual enumeration shall be made within

Sec. 4. The times, places and manner three years after the first meeting of the

holding elections

for

Senators and Congress of the United States, and within Representatives shall be prescribed in every subsequent term of ten years, in

each State by the Legislature thereof; but such manner as they shall by law direct, the Congress may at any time by law The number of Representatives shall not

make or alter such regulations, except as exceed one for every thirty thousand, but to the places of choosing Senators. each State shall have at least one Repre

The Congress shall assemble at least sentative; and until such enumeration

once in every

year, and

such meeting shall be made, the State of New-Hamp shall be on the first Monday in Decemshire shali be entitled to choose three,

ber, unless they shall by law appoint a Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and different day. Providence Plantations one, Connecticut Sec. 5. Each house shall be the judge five, New York SIX, New Jersey four, of the elections, returns and qualificaPennsylvania eight, Delaware one. Mary tions of its own members, and a majority land six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five,

of each shall constitute a quorum to do South Carolina five and Georgia three. business; but a smaller number may adWhen vacancies happen in the represen

journ from day to day, and

may be tation from any State. the executive authorized to compel the attendance of authority thereof shall issue writs of elec

absent members, in such manner and tion to fill such vacancies.

under such penalties as each house may The House of Representatives shall provide. choose their Speaker and other officers, Each house may determine the rules of and shall have the sole power of impeach- its proceedings, punish its members for ment.

disorderly behavior and, with the concurSec. 3. The Senate of the United States rence of two-thirds, expel a member. shall be composed of two Senators from Each house shall keep a journal of its each State, chosen by the Legislature proceedings, and from time to time pub thereof. for six years; and each Senator lish the same, excepting such parts as shall have one vote,

may in their judgment require secrecy, Immediately after they shall be assem and the yeas and nays of the members bled in consequence of the first election, of either house on any question shall, at they shall be divided as equally as may the desire of one-fifth of those present, be into three classes. The seats of the be entered on the journal. Senators of the first clasy shall be vacated Neither house, during the session of at the expiration of the second year; of Congress, shall, without the consent of the second class, at the expiration of the the other, adjourn for more than three fourth year, and of the third class, at the days, nor to any other place than that in expiration of the sixth year, so that one which the two houses shall be sitting. third may be chosen every second year; Sec. 6. The Senators and Representa

or

tives shall receive а compensation for To coin money, regulate the value theretheir services, to be ascertained by law, and of, and of foreign coin, and fix the standpaid out of the Treasury of the United ard of weights and measures: States. They shall, in all cases except To provide for the punishmeat of countreason, felony and breach of the peace, be terfeiting the securities and current coin privileged from arrest during their at

of the United States; tendance at the session of their respective To establish postofnces and postroads; houses, and in going to and returning To promote the progress of science and from the same; and for any speech or useful arts, by securing for limited times debate in either house they shall not be to authors and inventors the exclusive questioned in any other place.

right to their respective writings and disNo Senator or Reprezentative shall,

coveries; during the time for which he was elected.

To constitute tribunals inferior to the be appointed to any civil office under the

Supreme Court; authority of the United States which

To define and punish piracies and feloshall have been created, or the emolu

nies committed on the high seas, and ofments whereof shall have been increased

fences against the laws of nations;

To declare war, grant letters of marque during such time; and no person holding

and reprisal, and make rules concerning any office under the United States shall

captures on land and water; be a member of either house during his

To raise and support armies, but no apcontinuance in office. Sec, 7.

propriation of money to that use shall be All bills for raising revenue

for a longer term than two years; shall originate in the House of Represen

To provide and maintain a navy; tatives; but the Senate may propose or

To make rules for the government and concur with amendments as on other bills.

regulation of the land and naval forces; Every bill which shall have passed the

To provide for calling forth the militia House of kepresentatives and the Senate to execute the laws of the Union, suppress shall, before it becomes a law, be pre insurrections and repel invasions; sented to

the
President of the United

To provide for organizing, arming and States; if he approve he shall sign it, but

disciplining the militia, and for governing if not he shall return it. with his objec such part of them as may be employed in tions to that house in which it shall have

the service of the United States, reserving originated, who shall enter the objections to the States respectively the appointment at large on their journal, and proceed to of the officers and the authority of trainreconsider it. If after such reconsideration ing the militia according to the discipline two-thirds of that house shall agree to prescribed by Congress; pass the bill, it shall be sent, together To exercise exclusive legislation in all with the objections, to the other house, by

cases whatsoever, over such district (not which it shall likewise be reconsidered, exceeding ten miles square) as may, by and if approved by two-thirds of that

cession of particular States, and the achouse it shall become a law. But in all

ceptance of Congress, become the seat of cases the votes of both houses shall be government of the United States, and to determined by yeas and nays,

and the

exercise like authority over all places purnames the persons voting for and

chased by the consent of the Legislature against the bill shall be entered on the of the State in which the same shall be, journal of each house respectively.

If any

for the erection of forts, magazines, arbill shall not be returned by the President senals, dockyards, and other needful buildwithin ten

ay's Sundays excepted) after ings; and it shall have been presented to him, the To make all laws which shall be necessame shall be a law, in like manner as if sary and proper for carrying into execuhe had signed it. unless Congress by their tion the foregoing powers, and all other adjournment prevents its return, in which powerg vested by this Constitution in the case it shall not be a law.

Government of the United States,

or in Every order. resolution or vote to which any department or officer thereof. the concurrence of the Senate and House Sec. 9.

The migration or importaof Representatives may be necessary (ex tion of such persons as any of the States cept on a question of adjournment) shall now existing shall think proper to admit be presented to the President of the C'nited shall not be prohibited by the Congress States; and before the same shall take prior to the year one thousand eight huneffect shall be approved by him, or, being dred and eight, but a tax or duty may be disapproved by him, shall be repassed by imposed on such importation, not exceedtwo-thirds of the Senate and House

of

ing ten dollars for each person. Representatives, according to the rules and The privilege of the writ of habeas corlimitations prescribed in the case of a bill. pus shall not be suspended, unless when

Sec. 8. The Congress shall have power in cases of rebellion or invasion the pubto lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts lic safety may require it. and excises, to pay the debts and provide No bill of attainder or ex post facto for the common defence and general wel law shall be passed. fare of the United States, but all duties. No capitation or other direct tax shall imposts and excises shall be uniform be laid, unless in proportion to the census throughout the United States;

or enumeration hereinbefore directed to be To borrow money on the credit of the taken. United States;

No tax or duty shall be laid on articles To regulate commerce with foreign na exported from any State. tions, and among the several States and No preference shall be given by any with the Indian tribeg;

regulation of commerce or revenue to the To establish a uniform rule of natur ports of one State over those of another; alization, and uniform laws on the subject nor shall vessels bound to or from one of bankruptcies throughout the United State be obliged to enter, clear or pay States:

duties in another.

or

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