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119 Bland

235 Boies

83 Matthews 37 Blackburn 83 McLean Pattison

95 Pennoyer Teller

8 Stevenson Tillman

17 Campbell

1 Russell

2 Hill

1 Turpie Not voting. 1 178

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Pattison.... Not voting. Sewall..... Bryan...... - 11.2000 | 19 || al||||||||* ||||||



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Delaware Florida Georgia Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New-Hampshire New Jersey New-York North Carolina... North Dakota Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina. South Dakota.. Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington Wes Virginia. Wisconsin Wyoming Alaska Arizona Dis. of Columbia New-Mexico Oklahoma Indian Territory.


The nominations for Vice-President were made on July 11, and were: George F. Williams, Massachusetts; John R. McLean, of Ohio; James H. Lewis, of Washington; Judge Walter Clark,

of North Carolina; George W. Fithian, of Illinois; Sylvester Pennoyer, of Oregon; Arthur Sewall, of Maine; Joseph C. Sibley, of Pennsylvania: John W. Daniel, of Virginia. Five bailots were taken, some votes being cast for men not regularly nominated; but one after another with drew his name until on the fourth and fifth ballots only McLean and Sewall were left in the lead, and on the fifth ballot Sewall received 514 of the 930 votes, and was declared the nominee. The vote on the several ballots was as follows: First ballot-Sewall, 100; McLean, 111; Bland, 62; Sibley, 163; Williams (Mass.), 76; Blackburn, 20; Daniel, 11; Harrity, 21; Boies, 20; Lewis, 11; Clark, 50; Williams (III.), 22; Teller, White and Fithian, each 1; not voting, 260. Second ballotBland, 294; McLean, 158; Sibley, 113; Sewall, 37; Williams (Mass.), 16; scattering, 57; not voting, 255. Third ballot - Bland, 255; McLean, 210; Sewall, 97; Sibley, 50; Williams (Mass.), 15; scattering, 48; not voting, 255. Fourth ballot-McLean, 296; Sewall, 261; scattering, 121; not voting, 252. Notwithstanding the request of Mr. McLean that his name be withdrawn, the vote on the fifth ballot was: Sewall, 514; McLean, 78; scattering, 103; not voting, 235. The vote for McLean was: Ohio's total of 46; District of Columbia, 6; Vermont, 4; Maryland, 5: California, 2; Pennsylvania and Wisconsin, each 1.

The final vote, by States, on the leading candidates for President and VicePresident, was as follows:

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For President, during the ballot, Ohio's vote was changed from McLean to Bryan, and Oklahoma's vote was changed from Bland to Bryan. Other changes were made after the vote was announced, thus increasing Bryan's total. The solid delegation from New-York and many of the gold delegates from other States declined to take part in the proceedings. On the fifth ballot Boies, Bland, Matthews and McLean were withdrawn as candidates. The vote for others than those in the above table for President was: Boies, 26 (Iowa's delegation); Matthews, 31 (Indiana's delegation and 1 from Florida); Stevenson, 8 (2 each from Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Dakota and West Virginia); Hill, 1 (from Massachusetts), and Turpie, 1 (from West Virginia).



Alabama Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut

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THE PLATFORM. The following platform was reported by the majority of the Committee on Resolutions on July 9, and was adopted by the Convention by a vote of 628 to 301, one delegate being absent:

We, the Democrats of the United States in National Convention assembled, do reaffirm our allegiance to those great essential principles of justice and liberty upon which our institutions are founded, and which the Democratic party has advocated from Jefferson's time to our own -freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of conscience, the preservation of personal rights, the equality of all citizens before the law and the faithful observance of constitutional limitations. During all these years the Democratic party has resisted the tendency of selfish interests to the centralization of governmental power, and steadfastly maintained the integrity of the dual scheme of government established by the founders of this Republic of republics. Under its guidance and teachings the great principle of local self-government has found its best expression in the maintenance of the rights of the States and in its assertion of the necessity of confining the general Government to the exercise of powers granted by the Constitution of the United States.'

RELIGIOUS LIBERTY.-"The Constitution of the United States guarantees to every citizen the rights of civil and religious liberty. The Democratic party has always been the exponent of political liberty and religious freedom, and it renews its obligations and reaffirms its devotion to these fundamental principles of the Constitution.”

SILVER.-"Recognizing that the money question is paramount to all others at this time, we invite attention to the fact that the Constitution names silver and gold together as the money metals of the United States, and that the first coinage law passed by Congress under the Constitution made the sllver dollar the money unit of value and admitted gold to free coinage at a ratio based upon the silver-dollar unit. We declare that the act of 1873 demonetizing silver without the knowledge or approval of the American people has resulted in the appreciation of gold and a corresponding fall in the prices of commodities produced by the people, a heavy increase in the burden of taxation and of all debts, public and private, the enrichment of the money-lending class at home and abroad, prostration of industry and impoverishment of the people. We are unalterably opposed to monometallism, which has locked fast the prosperity of an industrial people in the paralysis of hard times. Gold monometallism is a British policy. and its adoption has brought other nations into financial servitude to London. It is not only un-American but anti-American, and it can be fastened on the United States only by the stilling of that indomitable spirit and love of liberty which proclaimed our political independence in 1776 and won it in the War of the Revolution. We demand the free and unlimited coinage of both silver and gold at the present legal ratio of 16 to 1, without waiting for the aid or con. sent of any other nation. We demand

that the standard silver dollar shall be a full legal tender, equally with gold, for all debts, public and private, and we favor such legislation as will prevent for the future the demonetization of any kind of legal-tender money by private contract. We are opposed to the policy and practice of surrendering to the holders of the obligations of the United States the option reserved by law to the Government of redeeming such obligations in either silver coin or gold coin."

BOND ISSUES.—“We are opposed to the issuing of interest-bearing bonds of the United States in time of peace, and condemn the trafficking with banking syndicates, which, in exchange for bonds and at an enormous profit to themselves, supply the Federal Treasury with gold to maintain the policy ot gold monometallism."

NATIONAL BANKS.—"Congress alone has the power to coin and issue money, and President Jackson declared that this power should not be delegated to corporations or individuals. We therefore denounce the issuance of notes intended to circulate as money by National banks as in derogation of the Constitution, and we demand that all paper which is made a legal tender for public and private debts, or which is receivable for duties to the United States, shall be issued by the Government of the United States and shall be redeemable in coin."

TARIFF.-"We hold that tariff duties ghould be levied for purposes of revenue, such duties to be so adjusted as to operate equally throughout the country, and not discriminate between class or section, and that taxation should be limited by the needs of the Government, honestly and economically administered. We de nounce as disturbing to business the Republican threat to restore the McKinley law, which has been twice condemned by the people in National elections,

and which, enacted under the false plea of protection to home industry, proved a prolific breeder of trusts and monopolies, in which the few, at the expense of the many, restricted trade and deprived the producers of the great American staples of access to their natural markets."

INCOME TAX.-'Until the money question is settled we are opposed to any agitation for further changes in our tariff laws except such are necessary

to meet the deficit caused by the adverse decision of the Supreme Court on the income tax. But for this decision by the Supreme Court there would be no deficit in the revenue law passed by a Democratic Congress in strict pursuance of the uniform decisions of that court for nearly one hundred years, that court having in that decision sustained constitutional ob jections to its enactment, which had previously been overruled by the ablest Judges who had ever sat on that bench. We declare that it is the duty of Congress to use all the constitutional power which remains after that decision, or which may come from its reversal by the court as it may hereafter be constituted, so that the burdens of taxation may be equally and impartially laid, to the end that we may all bear our proportion of the expenses of the Government."


IMMIGRATION.-"We hold that the dence against disease and disability before most efficient way of protecting American enlistment. labor is to prevent the importation of STATEHOOD.--"We favor the admin foreign pauper labor to compete with it sion of the Territories of New-Mexico, in the home market, and that the value Oklahoma and Arizona into the Union as of the home market to our American States, and we favor the early admission farmers and artisans is greatly reduced of all the Territories having the necessary by a vicious monetary system which de- population and resources to entitle them presses the prices of their products below to Statehood, and, while they remain Terthe cost of production and thus deprives ritories, we hold that the officials apthem of the means of purchasing the pointed to administer the government of products of our home manufactories, and any Territory, together with the District as labor creates the wealth of the coun- of Columbia and Alaska, should be bonatry so demand the passage of such lawg fide residents of the Territory or District as may be necessary to protect it in all in which the duties are to be performed. its rights."

The Democratic party believes in home LABOR.-'We are in favor of the arbi- rule, and that all public lands of the tration of differences between employers United States should be appropriated to

in interstate engaged

the and

establishment of free homes commerce

for their employes, and recommend such leg

American citizens." islation as is necessary to carry out this

ALASKA.-"We recommend that the principle."

Territory of Alaska be granted a Delegate RAILROADS.--"The absorption of

in Congress, and that the general land and wealth by the few, the consolidation of our

timber laws of the United States be exleading railroad systems and the forma

tended to said Territory. tion of trusts and pools require a stricter

MONROE DOCTRINE.-"The Monroe control by the Federal Government of

Doctrine, as originally declared and as inthose arteries of commerce. We demand

terpreted by succeeding Presidents, is a the enlargement of the powers of the In

permanent part of the foreign policy of terstate Commerce Commission and such

the United States, and must at all times

be maintained.” restrictions and guarantees in the control of railroads

CUBA.-"We as will protect the people

extend our sympathy to from robbery and oppression."

the people of Cuba in their heroic struggle ECONOMY.-'We denounce the profi

for liberty and independence.' gate waste of the money wrung from the

CIVIL SERVICE.-"We are opposed to people by oppressive taxation and the

life tenure in the public service. We favor appointments based upon

merit. lavish appropriations of recent Repub

fixed lican Congresses, which have kept taxes

terms of office, and such an administrahigh, while the labor that pays them is

tion of the Civil Service laws as will afunemployed and the products of the peo

ford equal opportunities to all citizens of ple's toil are depressed in price till they

ascertained fitness,"

THIRD TERM.--"We declare it to be no longer repay the cost of production. We demand a return to that simplicity

the unwritten law of this Republic, esand economy which befit a Democratic

tablished by custom and usage of 100 Government, and a reduction in the num

years and sanctioned by the examples of ber of useless officers, the salaries of

the greatest and wisest of those who which drain the substance of the people."

founded and have maintained our GovernFEDERAL COURTS.-"We denounce

ment, that no man should be eligible for a arbitrary interference by Federal authori

third term of the Presidential office.'

WATERWAYS.- "The Federal Governties in local affairs as a violation of the Constitution of the United States and a

ment should care for and improve the crime against free institutions, and

Mississippi River and other great water

we especially object to goverr:ment by in

ways of the Republic, so as to secure for junction as a new and highly dangerous

the interior States easy and cheap transform of oppression

When any waterportation to tidewater. by which Federal Judges, in contempt of the laws of the

way of the Republia is of sufficient imStates and rights of citizens, become at

portance to demand aid of the Governonce legislators, judges and executioners;

ment, such aid should be extended upon and we approve the bill passed at the

a definite plan of continuous work until last session of the United States Senate

permanent improvement is secured. and now pending in the House of Repre

"Confiding in the justice of our cause sentatives relative to contempts in Fed

and the necessity of its success at the eral courts, and providing for trials by

polls, we submit the foregoing declaration jury in certain cases of contempt.'

of principles and purposes to the considPACIFIC RAILROAD DEBT.--''No dis

erate judgment of the American people.

We invite the support of all citizens who rimination should be indulged in by the Government of the United States in favor

approve them and who desire to have

them made effective through legislation of any of its debtors. We approve of the refusal of the LIII Congress to pass the

for the relief of the people and the restora

tion of the country's prosperity." Pacific Railroad Funding bill; denounce The platform reported by the minority the effort of the present Republican Con- (signed by David B. Hill, New-York: gress to enact a similar measure.'

William PENSIONS. -"Recognizing

F. Vilas, Wisconsin; George the just

Gray, Delaware; John Prentiss Poe, claims of deserving Union soldiers, we Maryland; Irving w. Drew, New-Hampheartily indorse the rule of the present shire; P. J. Farrell, Vermont; Lynde Commissioner of Pensions that no names Harrison, Connecticut; David S. Baker, shall be arbitrarily dropped from the pen- Rhode Island; C. O Holman, Maine; sion list, and the fact of enlistment and Thomas A. C. Weadock, Michigan; James service should be deemed conclusive evi- E. O'Brien, Minnesota; John E. Russell,

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30 26 20 26 16 2

Massachusetts; Robert E. Wright, Pennsylvania; William


Steele, South Dakota; Allan L. McDermott, New Jersey, and Charles D. Rogers, Alaska) was as follows:

"To the Democratic National Convention: Sixteen delegates, constituting the minority of the Committee on Resolutions, find many declarations in the redoctrine as to demand a distinct statement of what they hold to as the only just and true expression of Democratic faith upon this important issue, as follows, which is offered as a substitute for port of the majority to which they cannot give their assent. Some of these are wholly unnecessary. Some are ill-considered and ambiguously phrased, while others are extreme and revolutionary of the well-recognized principles the party. The minority content themselves with this general expression of their dissent without going into a specific statement of these objectionable features of the report of the majority.

"But upon the financial question, which engages at this time the chief share of public attention, the views of the majority differ so fundamentally from what the minority regard as vital Democratic the financial report of the majority:

"We declare our belief that the experiment on the part of the United States alone of free silver coinage and a change in the existing standard of value independently of the action of other great nations would not only imperil our finances, but would retard or entirely prevent the establishment of international bimetallism, to which the efforts of the Government should be steadily directed. It would place this country at once upon a silver basis, impair contracts, disturb business, diminish the purchasing power of the wages of labor, and inflict irreparable evils upon our Nation's commerce and industry.

"Until international co-operation among leading nations for the coinage of silver can be secured, we favor the rigid maintenance of the existing gold standard as essential to the preservation of our National credit, the redemption of our public pledges, ard the keeping inviolate of our country's honor. We insist that all our paper currency shall be kept at a parity with gold. The Democratic party is the party of hard money, and is opposed to legal-tender paper money as a part of our permanent financial system, and we therefore favor the gradual retirement and cancellation of all United States notes and Treasury notes, under such legislative provisions as will prevent undue contraction. We demand that the National credit shall be resolutely maintained at all times and under all circumstances.

"The majority also feel that the report of the majority is defective in failing to make any recognition of the honesty, economy, courage and fidelity of the present Democratic Administration, and they therefore offer the following declaration as an amendment to the majority report:

“We commend the honesty, economy, courage and fidelity of the present Democratic National Administration."

The vote on the financial planks of the minority was: Yeas, 303; nays, 626.


North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio ...
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
West Virginia
Wyoming ..
District of Columbia.
New Mexico
Indian Territory

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Absent, 1.


The National Convention of the National Democratic party (Sound Money Democrats) wag held at Indianapolis, Ind., on September 2 and 3, 1896. ExGovernor Roswell P. Flower, of NewYork, was temporary chairman, and Senater Donelson Caffery, of Louisiana, was permanent chairman. There were 888 delegates, who, on September 3, nominated John M. Palmer, of Illinois. for President on the first ballot, the result being as follows:

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Alabam Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New-Hampshire New-Jersey New-York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Alaska Arizona New-Mexico

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the President to enforce Federal laws. They advocate a reckless attempt to increase the price of silver by legislation, to the debasement of our monetary standard, and threaten unlimited issues of paper money by the Government. They abandon for Republican allies the Democratic cause of tarif reform, to court the favor of protectionists to their fiscal heresy. In view of these and other grave departures from Democratic principles, we cannot support the candidates of that convention nor be bound by its acts. The Democratic party has survived defeats, but could not survive a victory won in behalf of the doctrine and policy proclaimed in its name at Chicago. The condition, however, which made possible such utterances from a National Convention are the direct result of class legislation by the Republican party. It still proclaims, as it has for years, the power and duty of Government to raise and maintain prices by law, and it proposes no remedy for existing evils except oppressive and unjust taxation.'

TARIFF.-"The National Democracy here convened, therefore, renews its declarations of faith in Democratic prínciples, especially as applicable to the conditions of the times. Taxation tariff, excise or direct, is rightfully imposed only for public purposes, and not for private gain. Its amount is justly measured by public expenditures, which should be limited by scrupulous economy. The sum derived by the Treasury from tariff and excise levies is affected by the state of trade and volume of consumption. The amount required by the Treasury is determined by the appropriations made by Congress The demand of the Republican party for an increase in tariff taxation has its pretext

in the deficiency of the revenue, which has its causes in the stagnation of trade and reduced consumption, due entirely to the loss of confidence that has followed the Populist threat of free coinage and depreciation of our money, and the Republican practice of extravagant appropriations beyond the needs of good government. We arraign and condemn the Populistic conventions of Chicago and St. Louis for their co-operation with the Republican party in creating these conditions. which are pleaded in justification of a heavy increase of the burdens of the people by a further resort to protection. We therefore denounce protection and its ally, free coinage of silver, as schemes for the personal profit of a few at the expense of the masses, and oppose the two parties which stand for these schemes as hostile to the people of the Republic, whose food and shelter, comfort and prosperity are attacked by higher taxes and depreciated money. In fine, we reaffirm the historic Democratic doctrine of tarifi for revenue only. We demand that henceforth modern and liberal policies toward American shipping shall take the place of our imitation of the restricted statutes of the eighteenth century, which have been abandoned by every maritime Power but the United States, and which, to the Nation's humiliation, have driven American capital and enterprise to the use of alien flags and alien crews, have made the Stars and Stripes an almost unknown



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Simon Bolivar Buckner, of Kentucky, was nominated for Vice-President by acclamation,

THE PLATFORM. The platform, adopted on September 3, was as follows:

“This Convention has assembled to uphold the principles upon which depend the honor and welfare of the American people, in order that Democrats throughout the Union may unite their patriotic efforts to avert disaster from their country and ruin from their party. The Democratic party is pledged to equal and exact justice to all men of every creed and condition; to the largest freedom of the individual consistent with good government; to the preservation of the Federal Government in its Constitutional vigor, and to the support of the States in all their just rights; to economy in the public expenditures; to the maintenance of the public faith and sound money; and it is opposed to paternalism and all class legislation. The declarations of the Chicago Convention attack individual freedom, the right to private contract, the independence of the judiciary and the authority of

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