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PREFACE.

This volume, comprising papers and addresses presented before this Society during the past five years, is so large that it has been found necessary to bind it in two parts, which are consecutively paged. At the beginning of each part, a table of its contents is given.

Part II has an index of the whole volume. It also contains an index of the authors and principal subjects in the series of these Volumes I to X, and a personal index of Volumes I to IX, both of which were compiled from the indexes of the several volumes. These general indexes will be very convenient for references to subjects and persons noticed in the entire series.

The papers published in these Historical Collections relate to the history of Minnesota and the Northwest. Several other papers of much value, but not dealing with our local history, have been presented within the past ten years in the meetings of this Society; and it seems desirable to record here the titles of these papers, with their dates and authors, as follows:

Observations in Japan, Corea, and China, during the Corean War in 1894, read December 14, 1896, by Lieut. John H. Beacom.

Causes, Objects, and Results of the Wars of the North American Colonies, read February 8, 1897, by Col. Philip Reade.

The Cartagena Expedition of Admiral Vernon in 1741, read May 10, 1897, by Capt. Charles W. Hall.

An Excursion in 1857 from Milwaukee to the Red River of the North, read October 11, 1897, from manuscripts of the late Dr. Increase A. Lapham.

The Hessian Auxiliaries in the North American War of Independence, a translation from the German of Colonel von Werthern, read March 14, 1898, by Captain William Gerlach.

Three Stages in the History of our Country, Dependence, Independence, Interdependence, read April 18, 1898, by Dr. James K. Hosmer; published in the Atlantic Monthly, July, 1898.

Exhibits from Minnesota in the Crystal Palace Exposition at New York in 1853, read October 10, 1898, by Gen. William G. Le Duc.

The Southern Boundary of the Grant to the Hudson Bay Company, 1670-1811, read November 14, 1898, after the death of the author, Alfred J. Hill.

Two Years in Alaska, read May 14, 1900, by Lieut. Edwin Bell.

How Napoleon sold Louisiana, and fought a Great Battle about it which History has neglected, read September 10, 1900, by Dr. James K. Hosmer; published in 1902, as Chapter V, etc., of The History of the Louisiana, Purchase.

Sites of Old Roman Camps in Germany recently identified, and the Battleground where Hermann defeated Varus in the Year 9 A. D., read November 12, 1900, by Hartwig Deppe.

History of the Mining Development of North Alaska and the Starvation Year 1897-98, read December 10, 1900, by Colonel P. Henry Ray.

The United States a Nation from the Declaration of Independence, read September 8, 1902, by Hon. James O. Pierce.

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The address by Prof. David L. Kiehle, here forming pages 353-398, has been expanded and published under the title, "Education in Minnesota," as a book in two parts, the first historical, and the second treating of the school laws and sources of school support in this State.

Since the printing of the bibliography of publications relating to Groseilliers and Radisson, in pages 568-594, another work has appeared which should be added to the list. This is entitled "Pathfinders of the West," by Agnes C. Laut, published by the Macmillan Company, November, 1904. Chapters III and IV, forming pages 68-131, narrate the Third and Fourth Voyages, in which these explorers reached the area of Minnesota. The third voyage or expedition is assigned to the years 1658-1660, and the fourth to 1661-1663. In each of these expeditions, Groseilliers and Radisson are thought by this author, as in her article previously published in Leslie's Magazine, to have traveled far beyond Minnesota, going through the Dakotas, and perhaps into Montana, during the first expedition, and in the second going past the region of the Lake of the Woods to the Sioux in North Dakota.

In many other respects this work differs widely from the views stated in Part II of the present volume. With the many and discordant opinions cited in the Bibliography, it indicates the need of careful studies of Radisson's own writings, by which probably historians will some day come to a better agreement concerning the routes and dates of these explorations.

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