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MEMORANDUM.

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Since 1903 returns have been annually obtained by the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries (in connection with the Agricultural Returns) of the number of holdings in each of four groups, viz :1) Above 1 acre and not exceeding 5 acres.

50 (3)

300 (4)

300 acres. Prior to 1903 returns of this nature were collected occasionally, the latest being in 1895. The statistics then obtained are readily comparable with later returns, but the scope of the preceding return in 1890 was different, and the figures for the first group of holdings above-mentioned included holdings of precisely one acre. Consequently an exact comparison with 1890 is not possible. In 1895, however, enquiries were made to ascertain the number of holdings of precisely one acre in extent at that date ; and the number in Great Britain was found to be 16,709. To enable the figures of 1890 to be used in the following tables for comparison, it has been assumed that the proportion of holdings of precisely one acre to the number of those not exceeding 5 acres was in 1890 the same as in 1895. The return of 1890 being confined to allotments and small holdings, did not include holdings exceeding 50 acres.

It is necessary to remember that the area of a holding for the purposes of these returns does not include any mountain or heath land used for grazing purposes which may be attached to the farm.

In many parts of the country, and particularly in Scotland, the size of the holdings would be materially increased if these “ rough grazings ” were reckoned in the farm acreage.

Froin 1890 to 1895 the number of holdings of over 1 and not over 5 acres appears to have declined from 126,398 to 117,968, and those of 5 to 50 acres from 236,585 to 235,481. The total reduction in the number of “small holdings would therefore be 9,534 or 2-6 per cent. A comparison of the figures for all classes of holdings in 1895 and 1906 respectively gives the following result :

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During this period the total area of cultivated land in Great Britain declined by 310,758 acres or 1:0 per cent., and the total number of holdings by 9,273 or 1.8 per cent. The proportion of holdings of each class to the total number in 1895 and 1906 respectively, was as follows:

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Whereas, therefore, “small holdings ” of 50 acres and less constituted 68 per cent. of the total number of holdings in 1895, they were in 1906 just 67 per cent. Board of Agriculture and Fisheries,

20th March, 1907.
1500 Wt 30231 3;07 D & S 8 27687

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TABLE I.-Number of Holdings above 1 acre and not exceeding 5 acres, and above

o acres and not exceeding 50 acres, respectively, in each County and Division of Great Britain in 1890, 1895, 1903 and 1906.

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No. No. No. No. No. No. No. No. 126,398 117,968 111,357 109,749 236,585 235,481 232,892 232,375

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94,176 87,055 11,253 | 10,763 20,969 20,150

81,502
10,295
19,560

80,917 | 173,170 170,591 167,434 166,017 10,279 30,691 30,969 31,440 31,713 18,553 32,724 33,921 34,018 34,645

1,550 1,063 3,277

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1,226
1,186

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14,747 14,390

14,390 14,033

13,958

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Total

12,047

10,937 10,016

26,674 | 25,741 | 25,211

9,979

27,387

* Holdings of exactly one acre were included in the returns collected in 1890 which, for the purpose of comparison, have been corrected on the assumption that the proportion of such holdings to the total number in the 1-5-acre group was the same in 1890 as it was ascertained to be in 1895.

+ Included in Kent, Middlesex and Surrey in 1890.

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Total

14,514 14,007

14,014

13,178

18,926 20,061

20,295

21,136

Holdings of exactly one acre were included in the returns collected in 1890 which, for the purpose of comparison, have been corrected on the assumption that the proportion of such holdings to the total number in the 1-5-acre group was the same in 1890 as it was ascertained to be in 1895.

TABLE II.-Number of Holdings above 50 and not exceeding 300 acres, and

above 300 acres, respectively, in each County and Division of Great Britain in 1895, 1903, and 1906.

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SCOTLAND.
Division :
VI.- Aberdeen

Banff ...
Berwick
Clackmannan
Elgin or Moray
Fife
Forfar
Haddington.
Kincardine
Kinross
Linlithgow
Midlothian
Nairn
Peebles
Perth...
Roxburgh
Selkirk

: : : : : : :

581

914 1,086 165 725 166 297 406 153 144 1,788 353 61

4,122
1,035
288

88
570

939
1,107

165
726
158
295
440

4,133
1,054
298)

90
570
938
1,100

168 726 157 300 435 163

141 1,808 359 66

134

30 240

9 40 235 193 174 43 24 30 128

7

132

26 244

6 40 226 182 171 40 23 31 109

7 59 178 210 38

131

25 244

6 41 225 185 171 39 24 28 112

5 59 176 210 38

157

...

51

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: : : :

165 203 38

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667 2,005

131 392

310 1,141 543

736 1,609 444 632 477

84 755

84 615

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Total

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141 1,804 354 64

12,275

12,453

12,498

609 2,002

119 360 315 1,147 544

720 1,616 441 637 460

82 763

87 625

673 2,000

125 387

305 1,139

550 726 1,624 436 639 474

86 755

85 618

10,527

10,622

10,625

1,022

1,008

987

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