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Various instructors in Bee Keeping and Manual Processes are engaged as required. * Employed partially only.
Organisation. The agricultural education work of this county is carried out entirely by means of the above county staff instructors.
School or College.
Agriculture.-A five weeks' course of instruction in agriculture was held in Hereford during January and February and was attended by 14 farmers' sons. During the winter, lectures, usually two at each centre, were delivered at 12 centres to an average attendance of 16. At each of two evening schools 13 lessons were also given to an average attendance of 12. The lectures appear to have aroused an interest in agricultural education generally and have led to many enquiries, especially in regard to the purchase and use of manures. Direct information was always supplied to these enquiries.
Field Experiments.-Demonstrations were given in charlockspraying and in the washing of fruit trees. As a result of the former, quite a large area was sprayed in the county.
Dairying. An itinerant school is maintained by the county. Instruction is given in butter-making, cream cheese-making, and in the general management of milk and cream. The school visited six centres for five days each and four other centres for ten days each. The total attendance was 99, 44 of whom took the ten days' course and 55 the five days' course, The short five days' courses have been discontinued and all courses are now for ten days. Larger classes have been secured and more interest has been taken in the classes since the change, and the results are very much better.
Poultry Keeping.-Four lectures and demonstrations were given at 11 centres, and three lectures and demonstrations at five other centres, to an average attendance of 25.
Bee Keeping.-Visits have been paid to bee keepers and three practical demonstrations given,
Farm Hygiene.-Four lectures illustrated by lantern slides and specimens were given at two centres, and three lectures at one other centre, to an average attendance of 37. Fifteen lessons were also given to the young farmers' class and visits for demonstration purposes paid to slaughter houses, shoeing forges, livery stables, &c.
Manual Processes.-Instruction was given in the processes of ploughing, hedging, sheep-shearing (both hand and machine work), and basket-making. With reference to ploughing, the instructor visited the various farms, but no definite course was held. Five courses were held in hedging and six courses in sheep-shearing for two to three days at each course respectively. One course was held in basket-making, nine evening lessons being given. Fifty-six pupils attended the classes in ploughing, 305 those in hedging, and 243 those in sheep-shearing. In esti mating these figures, each lesson was taken as lasting half a day. 85 pupils attended the lessons in basket-making, ten of whom took the full course.
In addition to the above, instruction was given in the process of cider-making. Two practical demonstrations were given at each of three centres during the time that cider-making was in progress. Each demonstration lasted a whole afternoon and was followed by private visits to the farms of those who attended, where advice was given in reference to the making of cider and perry. The total attendance at all six demonstrations was 130. The private visits after the demonstrations were most useful, as the maker is able to point out his difficulties and obtain advice in regard to them.
Horticulture.-A course of four lectures was given at each of 12 centres to an average attendance of 17. 38 practical demonstrations in fruit culture were also given in gardens and orchards, the average attendance being ten. 14 and 20 lessons of instruction respectively were also given at two evening schools. The average attendance was 18.
Practical work in fruit culture formed an important part of the course for farmers' sons (see Agriculture).
School or other Gardens.-There were three gardens attached to Day schools, but at none of these was the work supervised by the staff instructor in horticulture.
Fruit-growing Stations.-The county contributes to the National Fruit and Cider Institute (see page 73).
Training of Elementary School Teachers.-A Saturday class in horticulture was held throughout the winter. The course consisted of lectures and of practical demonstrations in private gardens, fruit grounds, and nurseries. 20 lessons were given, the total attendance being 13 and the average attendance nine.
Organisation. The agricultural education work of this county is carried out chiefly through the above county staff instructors, but also partially through the agricultural department of Cambridge University (see page 27), partially through the Essex County Laboratories, Chelmsford (see page 62), and partially through the Bedfordshire Agricultural Institute, Ridgmont (see page 81).
School or College. The agricultural department of Cambridge University receives a small annual grant from the County Council.
Agriculture. A course of five lectures was given at one centre. and a course of three lectures at another centre, by various lecturers to an average attendance of 40.
Field Experiments.-These were conducted through Cambridge University. They were carried out on three farms and were on the manuring, respectively, of mangolds, hay, and potatoes. A demonstration was given to a number of farmers who visited these experiments by invitation.
Experimental Farm.-The experimental work carried out on the farm attached to the argricultural department of Cambridge University is for the benefit of this county, together with other counties in East Anglia.
Dairying. The County Council is associated with the Essex County Council, so far as provision is made for dairy instruction at the Chelmsford Laboratories. Three courses of from five to eight weeks each are given there annually, and three scholars from this county attended these courses during the past year.
Poultry Keeping.-A course of four lectures was given at each of two centres, of two lectures at each of two other centres, whilst single lectures were given at three other centres to an average attendance of 30.
Bee Keeping.-A course of 12 lectures was given at one centre, of four lectures at another centre, of two lectures at one other centre, whilst single lectures were given at five other centres to an average attendance of 47.
Manual Processes.-Instruction was given in the processes of harvesting, setting-up sheaves, setting-out roots, stacking and thatching, ploughing, hedging and ditching, land-draining, milk. ing, &c. Three lectures of one hour each were given in each subject, whilst two attendances qualify a person to compete for the prizes offered by the County Council at various competitions. 242 persons were qualified to enter for these competitions.
Horticulture.-A courses of six lectures was given at each of two centres, of four lectures at another centre, whilst single lectures were given at four other centres to an average attendance of 30.
School or other Gardens.-Gardens we attached to seven Elementary Day schools in the county. Of these, four were worked on the collective plot system and three on the individual plot system. Instruction was given to 168 pupils. There were also five Evening school gardens in this county at which 101 pupils received instruction.
Training of Elementary School Teachers.-Saturday classes in nature study were held at two centres. There were 81 students in attendance. A three weeks' summer vacation course was also held at Cambridge and was attended by ten students from this county.
See University of Cambridge (page 27).
Organisation. The agricultural education work of this county is conducted partially through the staff of the agricultural department of Cambridge University and partially through instructors appointed for special courses of lectures as required.
School or College.-The agricultural department of Cambridge University receives a small annual grant from the County Council. Agriculture. A course of two lectures was given at each of two centres to an average attendance of 45.
Field Experiments.-These were conducted through Cambridge University on three farms. One was the continuation of an existing experiment on the laying down of land to grass, while the other two were tests on varieties of sugar beet,
Experimental Farm.-The experimental work carried out on the farm attached to the agricultural department of Cambridge University is for the benefit of this county together with others in East Anglia.
Dairying.-One pupil was sent to a dairy course at the Ridgmont Institute in Bedfordshire.
Farriery. A scheme for apprenticing boys to approved blacksmiths has been adopted by the Education Committee.
Horticulture. A course of two lectures was given at each of two centres on the cultivation of fruit and packing it for the market. The average attendance was 45, and the lectures were much appreciated.
School or other Gardens.-There were gardens attached to ten Elementary Day schools in this county. Most of them were worked on the individual plot system, and instruction was given to a total number of 120 pupils.
Training of Elementary School Teachers.-Saturday classes were held in botany at one centre for about ten weeks. The number of students attending was about 20.
ISLE OF ELY.
See Cambridge University (page 27).
Organisation. The agricultural education work of this county is conducted through the agricultural department of the University of Cambridge.
School or College.-The Agricultural Department of the University of Cambridge receives a small annual grant from the County Council.