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..... 610

..... 381

..... 477

21

........ 251

..103, 125

... 514

Page.
Page.

Page.
Farming, a love of the profession Hartley's breech loading cannon, Langstroth hive,..... .176, 321
necessary

323
(illustrated,)..

114 Large armies of aucient times,... 476
Farmers' high school in Pa....... 117 Heroes of industry, (poetry,). 450

Lapd menitors,...

478
gardens,..........

205 Hives,.....

..56, 176, 258, 321 Lawton blackoerry, (illus) 338,180, 139
Deeds,..
208 Hogs, dry food for,..
168 Laying fowis classified,

131
boys............1

517 how to raise, ...... 249 Legislative,...................116, 166
Par wet....
267 Home, (poetry,)....

321
Fatteniog, choice of animale,.... 33 education, rules for ........ 119 Lesch-d ashes,..

......... 118, 123
Feedlog, regularity in.......... 13
truth at,.....

354

.......... 513 Lioes, (poetry.)...
and fattening stock........61, 63 | Honey locust helge...

485 Lice, remedy for farm stock,..... 168
the farm borse,......

210 Chinese mode of taking,..... 501 Life, statistics of human,
box 8,
..... 218 Horn distemper,....

209 Liquid grafting wax,.

259
for beef vs. milk,... ........ 253 Horses, abuses of, (illus.)...8, 49, 91 fire,...

477
oats to horses,..

abuses of old,
9 List of the killed,.

228
Figures on dress parade... ....... 357 teams V3. Ox,..

9 Lite constantly Darrowing,.

27
Piring mortars,....

influenza in,.........
11 Little chi drep, plays for,.

72
Flocks, shoddy and noils,.....

lampass in,...
12 orphan, .

13
Flower seede, lime for planting, 135, 218 and humanity,.............

50 Light, ventilation in stables...329, 332
Fowls for the farm, 14, 199, 100,

bots in,

61 Love of country and home, 25
253, .
471 raising,

93
the wonderful,..

27
Fowl-keepers, hints to,..265, 381, 457 feeding, ................., 210 Low heads for winter protecting
Foretelling storms,...

302
census,

................. 174 of trees............67, 95, 141
France, statistics of,...
23 small
210 Lumber trade,......

19
progress of agriculture in,... 48 breeding,...
Fruit garden,
.14, 461 cavalry

291

M.
Fruits in Wisconsin,.......

42

care of cribing,............. 29!
Truit trees, wou ding the bark,.. 215 with heaves,..

... 455 Machinery, ..

.305, 388
hardiness of,......97. 137 feeding oats to,

381 Machines for woman's work,.. 190
setting out,......... 141 Horticulture, progressive,....143, 176 Madison Normal and High School, 393
Fuel, comparative value of ...... 2

in Japan,....

311 Manufacturing interests of Wis., 61
House, cheap and convenient, (il- Madure, test of value,..,

86
lustrated,)........

yard, the farmers' meal chest, 49
G.
for poultry,...

11 Manures, use of straw for,...... 203
Housekeeper, let er from,,

150

action of,...........320, 328, 321
Games,..

30
Hyacinths,..

99 Making the best of circumstances, 308
Gardens,...

215, 260, 300
Hydrophobia,

94 Markets,............74, 115, 155, 197
city vegetable,
214

Massachusetts agriculture,... 89
Geology,
.152, 272

I.
Measure cake,

192
Geological wonder, .....
220

Melodeon, the prize, (illust.). .... 608
Geographical conundrums,. 113 Illinois state bort. society, 16 Meadow land, fall pasturing of,... 4.9
Girls, going wi h the...

72 Imphee,

..45, 101 Measles.......
Good advice, .......
2 2 Imports, sugar,...

102 Meat, receipe for curing.

..... 165
Gophers, bow to trap,..
166 Important, if irue,....

258 Merrimac No. 2, plan to destroy
Grain crops of 1860,.
1 Intere t, mode of computing,.. 220

the Monitor,..

313
markets,....
34 lofluenza in horses,.

11
Mid winter, (poetry.).

87
in England,
371 Indian romance,.....

28 Mining.... 104, 188, 189, 221, 203, 204
in western Europe,
449 Industry and legislative retreach- Military,..

....115, 156, 233
Grafting wax, ..

ment,....
77 Microscope,

145
Grape growing..

135 Insects injurjous to vegetation,... 146 Mints of the United States, 220
enemy,...,

258
Harrison,..
159 Milk, quality of,

825
gralting,
298 Ink, recipe for,.,

152

crop of the United States, 379
Delaware,... ........385, 4:4, 601 Incidents of travel,

223
fever in cows,

379
Green soiling s:ock,..

168
Invention, dew,...
220 Milking stoil, a two story,

498
Great men, origin of,.. .. 231 lowa State Fair,.....

316 Manuring soils,..
Grass, bad eflerts on colts,....... 173 eminently.sound,

117 Merai beauty,.

111
lands, seeding and manuring, 326 Iron, effects of frost 00,......... 23 Mole draining,

255
cut too clo e,

328
Lake Superior,....

19
Mortar for building,..

468
Grouod hog day,....

66
experimunt,
484 | Mutton and dog?,.

119
Guopowder,...
135 Italian queens....
337 Mushroom:, ..............

216
Gypsum,..
12

Mul hing, ..................217, 376
Maple seed,..

263
II.

Yuck, treatment of......2.2, 281, 453
Japanese paper,...
20 Muscular strength,.

348
Habit of writing, .

313

Japanning and varnishing,...... 344
Hamburg Poland hens,.. ....... 160 Just across the river, (poetry,)... 350

N.
Haws and sides, how to cure,.... 112 Jate as a substitute for cotton,... 495
Hard-ss, take care of,...

3 Johnny cake, excellent receipe op, 152 National Association for the Ad-
Harris on insects,...

vancement of Social Science, 319
Hare,.

271
K.

National Bureau of Agriculture,,. 124
Harvest h 1p,...
282

Neatates in the school room,..... 349
Harvey, Gov., death of ......... 198 Kentucky, crops in,..

6 News from the war, (poetry,)..... 148
Hay, value of.....
243 Kenosha couny fair,..

Nine ch ers,..
cut early for milch cows,.... 289 Kaolin, or porcelain blay,. 104 Notes of travel,

276
loss by selling,..
90 Knitting machines,.....

206

European travel,... .... 402
Haying

201

(illustrated,)....... (06 Northern and Southern troops,... 2!
Hays, Dr., late voyage, ...61, 101 Kitty's choice, (poetry)

516 Nothing like leather,..... 264
Heat for tempering too:s,.

November and its work,

........ 449
Healthy man,..

350
Health and disease, 23, 69, 111,

L.
112 221, 212, 310,...

0.
Hearthstone conversation.... 25 Lake Superi r copper regions,... 101
Hedge, how to have a bushy, (ill.) 43

irod,.......
19 Obituary,..

118
Hens,......
...5., 160, 499 LaCrosse Fair,,....

400 Oc ober and its work...,
eating egg?,......

293 Lampass in hor: es,.............. 12 Ode to the memory of Gov. L. P.
lay business,
286 | Language of animals.

230

174
Harvey

.. 259

...... 218

... 159

479

... 409

... 344

... 351

... 308
.... 147

.... 279

.... 110

.., 330

.. 110

........ 399

Page.

Page.

T.
Old mar, uscripts reproduced,..... 348 Save your fodder, ....... 371

Page.
Open the windows,..
224 Salubrity of the southern states, .. 266 Taxes, dogs and sheep,

287
Opinions about learning to shoot, 358 School, duty of parents to the,... 610 Telegraph experiment,
Orchard and fruit garden,... 14 houses, plea-ant,

472

Atlantic,...
Ornamental shrubs,........ 297, 337 Scientific gardening,

.145, 468
295

19
Oscillations of war....
403 Bcratches, cure for,....

new field,.

130
Ox teams vs horse teams,....... 9 Scarcity of Arabian mares, ...... 456 Think,....

lines, new,,...........

.20, 469
Oxen, working...

27
251 Seed cord, how to save,.......... 127 Thistles, Canada, how to kill,...
quantity of food for.......... 498 Severe winters,........... 23 Thoughts, stuff for,...

224)
Pewing machines,..
38 Tin mines of Cromwell,

304
Seven children, the, (poetry,)..... 118 Toba co and maize, (poetry,)...
P.

45
Shade trees,..

215
Top-dressing,...

16
Sheep for spriog market, graining, 130 Treas. Report Wis State Ag. Soe'y 85
Pacific telegraph,

101
vs cattle,......
207 Transportation, what gov't pays,.

33
Paper, materials for,..

shearing,...

209
............ 509
Parental influence,...

breeding...

2 2
Pasturing mowing lands, autumn, 371

Vs. wheat grow ng,........

286

U.
Pears,......

..15, 348
shelter for,

288
Pear, Duchess d'Angouleme, (illu) 299

dogs and taxes.............. 287 United States, mints of,.......... 220
blight on the..

283

foot rot in,.. .......... 292 University commercial school,.... 481
Peas, to prevent bugs in,........ 133

wintering,

Useful and beautiful, the,........ 26
among potato: 8,.....

..216, 321

husbandry in New Mexico,... 78
winter,..
15

53
south down,...

V.
early varieties,

843
tobacco juice for,:

498
Perry russet, (illastrated,)....... 68 Sheboygan county ag'l society,.

74 Varnishing and japanning,...... 244
Pension bill,...
................ 23Shoddy,

..20, 21 Vegetation, effec, depth of goil on 370
Pegging down roses,.....

343
Shot and shell,,.....

357 Vermia on cattle, colts, pigs,..... 133
Plants affected by froit-to restore 96 Shiloh,..

193 Veterinary eci DC,...
Plant potting,...

177
Filk, something about,

161 Village or farm house, (illus ).... 125
Plays for little children,.......... 72

Skim-mlık calves,.. .129, 167, 278
Ples for fruit gruwiog,...... 460

Slaves in the south,.

470

W.
Pleasant school houses, (il us.)... 472 Smut, how to kill,.

SO
Plowing deep,

6

Snow scu pture,....
204 Soiling dairy cows,..

Wall F ower, the,.....
among corn,........

252

118
Political,

Walworth county fair,
........34, 75 80 Is, retentive power of.... 493
Politeness necessary among inti-
Soldier's grave,........

Water, how to purily,........... 12
476

for stock, pure,
355

332
mate friends,..

473 Eoldier health..
Potatoes, how to raise,
124 boys, God bless our gallant

drop of, imprisoned at the cre-
how to keep

219
518
(poetry,)....

ation,..
....... 183, 494
potato yeast...
Some things I have learned,.

32

War, (poetry)..
192

450
Population of the world .........

of the rebellien,...35, 76, 233, 398
Some things about the sea,....... 475
137

2
ve, industry,...

145
Positive and negative character,.. 69 Sonnet, (war poetry,).
Sorghum,.....

horticulture and the
Poultry, few words on hatching

..5, 85, 126
and rearing........
..174, 334 erop 1862..

Wasbing on and Frankl D,....... 27

118
fatteniog in France,..

292
and cotton,

Wasp and bee, (poe ry,)......... 474

124
Portage city seed store,....

Wax moth,....
237

convention in Ohio,..
Powder, wby the charge should be

or imphee,......

Welcome back, (poetry,)......... 473

267
decreased for large shot,... 313 Soul made visible,...

150 West, the far,...

63
Power and resources of the nation, 356 South down sheep,..

Western Europe, yield of grain in, 419
98 towe, how to make own young....

White mountains,

470
Prusing, best time,....
Premiums, "Farmer” for,.... 78 Spare the birds,

Whitney's survey of lead wines,. 105

316
Prices of harveat help,...
282 Sparrows, novel art of commerce, 308

Wheat growing in connection with
463 Spavid, to cure,.....

sheeps....
Prairie, the, (pretry,)..

10

2 6
Punishment of children, ......... 473 Speech, origin of,

Wilkes, commodore, (illustrated.) 133
610

Wilson's Albany strawberry, (ill.) 133
Pudding, how to make,... ...... 192 Spring cops, what shall we seed
wild,...

224
Windows, open the ...,

167
Statistics of the grain crop of '60, 1

Winter protection of crchard and
Q.
of France,...

23
garden.

....14, 57

15
Stars and stripes

73
pears,.....

69
Quality of milk,..
525 Steamboat, the first,.........12, 267

how to move trees in,..
Queer trades,
307 Stories about children and things

Wintering sheep,...

396
in foreign lands...

357
Widowed sword, the,

496
Stock, cooking food for,.....
R.

Wit and wisdom, 29, 71, 112, 150,
Strawberry culture, annual renew.

192, 274, 352,...

815
ing,......

Wis State Ag. Society,..

....... 316
Racks for cattle,..

10
Wilson's Albany, (illustrated) 133

Wheat midge fly and weevil,.
Reading,....

profits,

321 | Whitewash, a brilliant stucco,.... 225
Railways in Chii,
... 143 Strawberries,

3-3

Woman's work, machines Cry.... 1:0
Ruiny-uay thoughts,..
325 in souihern Ilinois,.

260

Wool clip,...
Regal rity in feeding horses,..... 12 Straw for madure,....

203 army consumption of ....... 306
Red, white, and blue, (poetry,)... 153 burning,

450 growers, thoughts of,.. .... 171
Rock of danger, ........
224 Stray leares from the book of na-

growing,
oil business,

305
tuie,....

346
raatters ...

250
Royal Ag'l Society of Eogland.... 372 3:ock feeding and fattening, 51

growing in St. Croix Valley .. 288
Hort Society, exhibition of .. 3:5

growing in New Mexico,..... 91 World, America the gracary of the, 375
Rules for the selection of male ani.

513
raisiog, horses,.......

93 Work, d) your owa,.
mals for breeding,......... 94 Sugar imports,

102

population of the,
Rye coffee,...

151
and sugar making. (illus.)... 41

World's fair, 39, 73, 115, 234, 26,
beet excitement...

118

363, 445,....
S.
cane, successful experience,.. 85 Writing, habit of,...

109
cane, working up,........... 376

in common schools,...
Suitors, the, (poetry,)............ 26
Fanitary measures for the soldiers, 355 Suppose so, (poetry,)............ 30

Y.
Sapgucker, (illus.). ..16, 184, 219, 107 Swamp lands for grass and cran.
Ealt for ferm steck,..

7
berries,....
44 | Yeast, potato,...

402

.... 503

123

...... 293

... 257

.... 244

.... 229

........ 456

... 147

..... 487

.... 318

"We have beun a reader of the Parmer for many years, and would not part with its company for ten times its cost "-Le Seur (Mion.) Herald.

"It contains a vast amount of most interesting matter."-Appleton Crescent. "" It has improved mightily” — Wuupun Times.

“Contains a great variety of articles in the departments of Agriculture, Horticulture, Stock, Bees, Mining, Mechanics, Health, News and Home Miscellany, &c. has become a State Institute, which our farming communities will do well to patronize if they study their own interests." -Racine Journal.

"The Farmer is one of the indispensables of every farm or household, as a hand-book of val. uable information respecting Agriculture, Horticulture, the Mechanic and Domestic Arts, &c." - Prescott Transcript.

" The best monthly Agricultural Paper in the West, and one which farmers may rely upon im. plicitly - Hudson (Minn.) Democrat

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“We are proud to say, it is the best looking as it is one of the most valuable agricultural jour. nals in this western country.:)- Ahlwaukee Sentinel.

" In our opinion the Wisconsin Farmer is superior in several respects to Eastera periodicals of the same class.”Green Lake Spotator. A very interesting Agricultural periodical ; is edited with ability *

and ranks among the best industrial journals published.'. ---Toledo (Ohio) Blade.

"If it is not worth one dollar a year we never seen a publication that was. Try it." - Manitowoc Tribune.

"The Wisconsin Farmer is better adapted to their wants and is, in all respects better suited to the farmers of this state than any eastern paper can be." -Kewaunee Enterprize.

“ In the 14th year of its existence ; having stood through the times-good and bad - the faith. ful advocate of the true interests of Agricultnre in Wisconsin.- Wisconsin Pinery. Greatly improved of late and may now be ranked among the leading agricultural periodicals.

* Should be liberally supported."'--North Star, (Hudson.) “Every farmer should pride himself in sustaining it." Juneau Co. Argus. "Now gotten up in the best of style, and deserves the support of every Wisconsin farmer."Grant Co. Witness.

“One of the papers that every intelligent farmer considers indispensable.- Racine Journal.

“The Editor, Prof. Hoyt, is untiring in his efforts to furnish valuable agricultural information, specially adapted to this section of the Union.”—Kenosha Tribune.

" It meets the wants of our farmers exactly, and this number alone is worth the price for a year.”Northern (Minn.) Statesman.

"The Farmer is now acknowledged to be the best periodical of the kind in the country, and it is certainly progressing."-Chilton T'imes.

“Much careful attention and ability mark the editorial department.-P. du C. Courier.

• The best monthly ever issued in Wisconsin. Every family on a farm, or even with a garden, ought to have it." - Baraboo Republic.

"A sound practical and attractive home journal, and especially adapted to the wants of the industrial class in the Northwest.-Waushara Argus.

Replete with interesting matter pertaining to Agrio ure, Horticulture, Plural Economy, Mechanics, Educational Interest, the development of the resources of the State and Union, and other matter of general and special interest."'- Sparta Eagle.

It would be a valuable acquisition to every household. Exceedingly cheap at one dollar a year."-Beloit Journal & Courier.

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“ The Farmer is one of the handsomest agricultural papers published. The Editor having returned from his tour through Europe, in future numbers of the work will give us the fruits of his labors and observations.: -Kenosha Times.

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Statistics of the Great Grain Crops of 1860. 1860 was, not 15,000,000 bushels, as the Mich

Great anxiety has been felt by all who feel igan Farmer admitted, nor 16,000,000 as was an interest in the character and progress of generously allowed by sundry papers further the Agriculture of our young State, in the sta- East, nor 22,000,000 as was “extravagantly” tistical results of the great grain crops of 1860. claimed by the Farm Committee, nor 25,000,000 Individuals accustomed to making such calcu

as had been "

wildly” estimated by various lations, had made what were regarded, out of individuals resident in the State, but twentythe State, as wild estimates, and the Farm SEVEN MILLIONS, THREE HUNDRED AND SIXTEEN Committee of the Wisconsin State Agricultural THOUSAND, THREE HUNDRED AND SIX, AND ONE

HALF BISHELS! Society, after careful observation in the graingrowing districts published an estimate which

The number of acres sown was 1,112,630,was received by the Eastern press with incre- .62; from which we determine the average per dulity and declared extravagantly absurd.

acre to have been twenty-four and fifty-five

hundredths bushels ! We believe that none of those estimates

An aggregate and an

not equalled, we will venture to say claimed more than twenty-five millions of

acreage bushels of wheat; that of the Farm Committee by any other State in the Union. claimed twenty-two millions of bushels. This

Wisconsin, as a State, has numbered but last was likewise our own published estimate,

twelve years, and yet for the production of

this greatest Northern staple, wheat, leads the after pretty extensive travel over the State,

van of the States ! Verily, the Badger farmers though we dared to believe that the figures

have a right to hold up their heads, and every furnished by the statistics would prove the cal

citizen may be proud of our noble Wisconsin. culation to have been quite moderate.

Details of these statistics will be published But to settle the matter and to make the

in the Report of the Secretary of State and in Statistical Tables as complete, accurate and

the 6th Vol. of Transactions of the Wisconsin incontrovertible as possible, we asked of the

State Agricultural Society, both now in press. Legislature of last winter certain amendments

But meantime it will be of interest to our to the law for the collection of statistics, which readers to know what counties took the lead in should have the effect to compel a full and faithful performance of duty on the part of Dane ranks first, sowing 130,145 acres,

this immense production of wheat: collectors. The amendments were made, and and gathering.....

3,005,885 bush. Dodge county second, gathering..

2,295,357 the returns furnish the most gratifying evi- Rock.....

2,180,584 Fond du Lac fourth, ........do..

1,775,365 dence of the improved efficiency of the law, as Walworth ......fifth,..

........... 1,675,449 well as of the moderation of the crop referred Waukesha ..... seventh.......do......

Columbia .......sixth,..

............ 1,396,647

1,246,676 to above.

The corn crop was likewise large, exceeding Now what does really appear from those re- our expectations by one or two millions, as turns as tabulated and published by the Sec Wisconsin has never taken rank among the retary of State ? Why, the wheat crop of great corn-growing States. Number of acres

third,

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planted, 373,418.48; number of bushels, 12,- nel, calico, drilling, and thread have all been

made of the new flax fibre, and with a remark045,178.

able degree of perfection. New processes for Of oats there were 336,394 .87 acres sown; preparing the fibre give great encouragement number of bushels harvested, 13,834,9373. to those who are embarked in the business.

Mills for the manufacture have already been These are, of course, the heaviest of our

erected in New York and in New England, and grain crops, and they are certainly worthy of will soon be in operation, not only working the our fertile soil and of the unsurpassed energy flas, by itself into fabrics, but working it in

connection with wool and cotton. American and enterprise of our people.

ingenuity is about to succeed in a line in which

the English and French have hitherto failed. Comparative Values of Fuel. When the cold season is upon us we are com

Agriculture in Nicaragua. pelled to turn our attention to the supply of

Hon. A. B. Dickinson, writes to the Country fuel as one source of warmth. In this country, Gentleman, from Nicaragua, as follows: three articles are used for this purpose, viz.: Wood, coal and peat. Of these, wood is mostly DIMINUTIVE SIZE OF THE CATTLE OF NICARAGUA. in use.

It is evident to the most superficial The cattle in these localities are about oneobserver, that there is a great difference in the half the size of those of the Eastern, Middle different kinds of wood brought into our mark- and Western States of North America. I have ets in regard to the amount of heat thrown never seen a bullock slaughtered here, that out by them while undergoing combustion.--would weigh 500 pounds in the beef, nor have Experiments have been instituted several times, I ever heard of one that weighed 800 pounds. to ascertain as near as might be the actual The average net weight of cattle here does not difference in their amount. Among these ex- exceed 300 pounds, while in the Northern States periments, those of Mr. Bull of Connecticut, it is as high as 600, and I have seen whole several years ago were very satisfactory. droves of cattle in the New York market, at

The most recent statements that we have would average 800 pounds each in beef. Inseen, are the following, which may be interest- deed, it is no uncommon thing for several to be ing to many of our readers.

slaughtered during the holidays weighing in Taking good shell bark hickory for the stan- the neighborhood of 1,500 pounds each. The dard, and calling that 100, and supposing all net weight of Washington,” the heaviest bulthe different kinds of woods to be sound, and lock which I recollect of seeing killed for beef reckoning by the pound, the table will read in the States, was, if I remember rightly, over thus :

2,100 pounds. Shell bark hickory, ..100 Ilard maple,.. Pignut,..

White elm, White oak, 85 Red cedar,..

The cows of this country generally give White ash,

Wild cherry, Dogwood, (cormus,) 75 Yellow pine,

74 about as much milk as a goat, say from two to 773 Chestnut,..

52 three quarts per day. Before they milk the White hazel,

72 Yellow poplar, Apple tree,...

...: 52 cow, they always tie the calf to her fore leg.

69 White birch, ... 49 Then they carefully crawl up behind the calf, White beech,...

65 White pine.......... 52 and the cow is cheated out of what little milk Yellow oak,

she has, under the supposition that she is givThese several results must be only approxi- ing it to her calf. To attempt to milk the cow mations to the truth. It is very evident that without having the calf tied to her fore leg, the soil and latitude in which these woods grow would be considered by the natives as simply must have some effect on their value as fuel. preposterous. Besides being “ kicked into the We know that they do in regard to their prop-middle of next week,” they would fail to get & erties for timber.

single drop of her milk, which she wouldn't

think of giving down to anybody but her calf. Flax Cotton.—The New York Evening Post of the 16th says:

On the cattle estates the milk is manufacturIf King Cotton is not likely to be dethroned ed into cheese, resembling what is known in by his uncrowned rival, Flax, he is destined to the United States as pot-cheese, with the exget a severe poke in the ribs, which will make ception that this is pressed. It is largely used his seat uneasy. We have seen several speci- by the inhabitants, and brings from 10 to 12 mens of the new commodity to-day, which cents per pound in the market. One hundred come nearer to the genuine article than any cows in this country will make no more, howthat have yet fallen under our notice. They ever, than twenty-five in the Northern States, are to be seen at the office of Latson & Abbott, as the former do not give more than one-fourth No. 159 Water Street, where fabrics of the the quantity of milk which the latter do, and same material are also to be inspected. Flan- even that not half so rich. Butter is, as it

95

59 58 50

HOW TIE COWS ARE MILKED.

77

Scrub oak,

70 Butternut,

Red oak,

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BUTTER AND CHEESE.

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