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114 Large armies of aucient times,... 476
..56, 176, 258, 321 Lawton blackoerry, (illus) 338,180, 139
517 how to raise, ...... 249 Legislative,...................116, 166
......... 118, 123
.......... 513 Lioes, (poetry.)...
485 Lice, remedy for farm stock,..... 168
210 Chinese mode of taking,..... 501 Life, statistics of human,
209 Liquid grafting wax,.
abuses of old,
9 Lite constantly Darrowing,.
50 Light, ventilation in stables...329, 332
61 Love of country and home, 25
................. 174 of trees............67, 95, 141
care of cribing,............. 29!
... 455 Machinery, ..
381 Machines for woman's work,.. 190
311 Manufacturing interests of Wis., 61
yard, the farmers' meal chest, 49
11 Manures, use of straw for,...... 203
action of,...........320, 328, 321
99 Making the best of circumstances, 308
215, 260, 300
94 Markets,............74, 115, 155, 197
Massachusetts agriculture,... 89
Melodeon, the prize, (illust.). .... 608
..45, 101 Measles.......
102 Meat, receipe for curing.
258 Merrimac No. 2, plan to destroy
28 Mining.... 104, 188, 189, 221, 203, 204
....115, 156, 233
135 Insects injurjous to vegetation,... 146 Mints of the United States, 220
crop of the United States, 379
316 Manuring soils,..
117 Merai beauty,.
Mul hing, ..................217, 376
Yuck, treatment of......2.2, 281, 453
Japanning and varnishing,...... 344
3 Johnny cake, excellent receipe op, 152 National Association for the Ad-
vancement of Social Science, 319
National Bureau of Agriculture,,. 124
Neatates in the school room,..... 349
6 News from the war, (poetry,)..... 148
Nine ch ers,..
European travel,... .... 402
(illustrated,)....... (06 Northern and Southern troops,... 2!
516 Nothing like leather,..... 264
November and its work,
400 Oc ober and its work...,
293 Lampass in hor: es,.............. 12 Ode to the memory of Gov. L. P.
Vs. wheat grow ng,........
dogs and taxes.............. 287 United States, mints of,.......... 220
foot rot in,.. .......... 292 University commercial school,.... 481
Useful and beautiful, the,........ 26
husbandry in New Mexico,... 78
74 Varnishing and japanning,...... 244
..20, 21 Vegetation, effec, depth of goil on 370
357 Vermia on cattle, colts, pigs,..... 133
193 Veterinary eci DC,...
161 Village or farm house, (illus ).... 125
Skim-mlık calves,.. .129, 167, 278
Slaves in the south,.
Snow scu pture,....
Wall F ower, the,.....
Walworth county fair,
Water, how to purily,........... 12
for stock, pure,
473 Eoldier health..
drop of, imprisoned at the cre-
of the rebellien,...35, 76, 233, 398
horticulture and the
..5, 85, 126
Wasbing on and Frankl D,....... 27
Wasp and bee, (poe ry,)......... 474
convention in Ohio,..
Welcome back, (poetry,)......... 473
150 West, the far,...
Western Europe, yield of grain in, 419
Whitney's survey of lead wines,. 105
Wheat growing in connection with
Wilkes, commodore, (illustrated.) 133
Wilson's Albany strawberry, (ill.) 133
Winter protection of crchard and
how to move trees in,..
Wit and wisdom, 29, 71, 112, 150,
192, 274, 352,...
Wis State Ag. Society,..
Wheat midge fly and weevil,.
321 | Whitewash, a brilliant stucco,.... 225
Woman's work, machines Cry.... 1:0
203 army consumption of ....... 306
450 growers, thoughts of,.. .... 171
growing in St. Croix Valley .. 288
growing in New Mexico,..... 91 World, America the gracary of the, 375
93 Work, d) your owa,.
population of the,
World's fair, 39, 73, 115, 234, 26,
in common schools,...
"We have beun a reader of the Parmer for many years, and would not part with its company for ten times its cost "-Le Seur (Mion.) Herald.
"It contains a vast amount of most interesting matter."-Appleton Crescent. "" It has improved mightily” — Wuupun Times.
“Contains a great variety of articles in the departments of Agriculture, Horticulture, Stock, Bees, Mining, Mechanics, Health, News and Home Miscellany, &c. has become a State Institute, which our farming communities will do well to patronize if they study their own interests." -Racine Journal.
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“We are proud to say, it is the best looking as it is one of the most valuable agricultural jour. nals in this western country.:)- Ahlwaukee Sentinel.
" In our opinion the Wisconsin Farmer is superior in several respects to Eastera periodicals of the same class.”—Green Lake Spotator. A very interesting Agricultural periodical ; is edited with ability *
and ranks among the best industrial journals published.'. ---Toledo (Ohio) Blade.
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“ In the 14th year of its existence ; having stood through the times-good and bad - the faith. ful advocate of the true interests of Agricultnre in Wisconsin.- Wisconsin Pinery. “Greatly improved of late and may now be ranked among the leading agricultural periodicals.
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"The Farmer is now acknowledged to be the best periodical of the kind in the country, and it is certainly progressing."-Chilton T'imes.
“Much careful attention and ability mark the editorial department.-P. du C. Courier.
• The best monthly ever issued in Wisconsin. Every family on a farm, or even with a garden, ought to have it." - Baraboo Republic.
"A sound practical and attractive home journal, and especially adapted to the wants of the industrial class in the Northwest.-Waushara Argus.
Replete with interesting matter pertaining to Agrio ure, Horticulture, Plural Economy, Mechanics, Educational Interest, the development of the resources of the State and Union, and other matter of general and special interest."'- Sparta Eagle.
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“ The Farmer is one of the handsomest agricultural papers published. The Editor having returned from his tour through Europe, in future numbers of the work will give us the fruits of his labors and observations.: -Kenosha Times.
Statistics of the Great Grain Crops of 1860. 1860 was, not 15,000,000 bushels, as the Mich
Great anxiety has been felt by all who feel igan Farmer admitted, nor 16,000,000 as was an interest in the character and progress of generously allowed by sundry papers further the Agriculture of our young State, in the sta- East, nor 22,000,000 as was “extravagantly” tistical results of the great grain crops of 1860. claimed by the Farm Committee, nor 25,000,000 Individuals accustomed to making such calcu
as had been "
wildly” estimated by various lations, had made what were regarded, out of individuals resident in the State, but twentythe State, as wild estimates, and the Farm SEVEN MILLIONS, THREE HUNDRED AND SIXTEEN Committee of the Wisconsin State Agricultural THOUSAND, THREE HUNDRED AND SIX, AND ONE
HALF BISHELS! Society, after careful observation in the graingrowing districts published an estimate which
The number of acres sown was 1,112,630,was received by the Eastern press with incre- .62; from which we determine the average per dulity and declared extravagantly absurd.
acre to have been twenty-four and fifty-five
hundredths bushels ! We believe that none of those estimates
An aggregate and an
not equalled, we will venture to say claimed more than twenty-five millions of
acreage bushels of wheat; that of the Farm Committee by any other State in the Union. claimed twenty-two millions of bushels. This
Wisconsin, as a State, has numbered but last was likewise our own published estimate,
twelve years, and yet for the production of
this greatest Northern staple, wheat, leads the after pretty extensive travel over the State,
van of the States ! Verily, the Badger farmers though we dared to believe that the figures
have a right to hold up their heads, and every furnished by the statistics would prove the cal
citizen may be proud of our noble Wisconsin. culation to have been quite moderate.
Details of these statistics will be published But to settle the matter and to make the
in the Report of the Secretary of State and in Statistical Tables as complete, accurate and
the 6th Vol. of Transactions of the Wisconsin incontrovertible as possible, we asked of the
State Agricultural Society, both now in press. Legislature of last winter certain amendments
But meantime it will be of interest to our to the law for the collection of statistics, which readers to know what counties took the lead in should have the effect to compel a full and faithful performance of duty on the part of Dane ranks first, sowing 130,145 acres,
this immense production of wheat: collectors. The amendments were made, and and gathering.....
3,005,885 bush. Dodge county second, gathering..
2,295,357 the returns furnish the most gratifying evi- Rock.....
2,180,584 Fond du Lac fourth, ........do..
1,775,365 dence of the improved efficiency of the law, as Walworth ......fifth,..
........... 1,675,449 well as of the moderation of the crop referred Waukesha ..... seventh.......do......
1,246,676 to above.
The corn crop was likewise large, exceeding Now what does really appear from those re- our expectations by one or two millions, as turns as tabulated and published by the Sec Wisconsin has never taken rank among the retary of State ? Why, the wheat crop of great corn-growing States. Number of acres
planted, 373,418.48; number of bushels, 12,- nel, calico, drilling, and thread have all been
made of the new flax fibre, and with a remark045,178.
able degree of perfection. New processes for Of oats there were 336,394 .87 acres sown; preparing the fibre give great encouragement number of bushels harvested, 13,834,9373. to those who are embarked in the business.
Mills for the manufacture have already been These are, of course, the heaviest of our
erected in New York and in New England, and grain crops, and they are certainly worthy of will soon be in operation, not only working the our fertile soil and of the unsurpassed energy flas, by itself into fabrics, but working it in
connection with wool and cotton. American and enterprise of our people.
ingenuity is about to succeed in a line in which
the English and French have hitherto failed. Comparative Values of Fuel. When the cold season is upon us we are com
Agriculture in Nicaragua. pelled to turn our attention to the supply of
Hon. A. B. Dickinson, writes to the Country fuel as one source of warmth. In this country, Gentleman, from Nicaragua, as follows: three articles are used for this purpose, viz.: Wood, coal and peat. Of these, wood is mostly DIMINUTIVE SIZE OF THE CATTLE OF NICARAGUA. in use.
It is evident to the most superficial The cattle in these localities are about oneobserver, that there is a great difference in the half the size of those of the Eastern, Middle different kinds of wood brought into our mark- and Western States of North America. I have ets in regard to the amount of heat thrown never seen a bullock slaughtered here, that out by them while undergoing combustion.--would weigh 500 pounds in the beef, nor have Experiments have been instituted several times, I ever heard of one that weighed 800 pounds. to ascertain as near as might be the actual The average net weight of cattle here does not difference in their amount. Among these ex- exceed 300 pounds, while in the Northern States periments, those of Mr. Bull of Connecticut, it is as high as 600, and I have seen whole several years ago were very satisfactory. droves of cattle in the New York market, at
The most recent statements that we have would average 800 pounds each in beef. Inseen, are the following, which may be interest- deed, it is no uncommon thing for several to be ing to many of our readers.
slaughtered during the holidays weighing in Taking good shell bark hickory for the stan- the neighborhood of 1,500 pounds each. The dard, and calling that 100, and supposing all net weight of Washington,” the heaviest bulthe different kinds of woods to be sound, and lock which I recollect of seeing killed for beef reckoning by the pound, the table will read in the States, was, if I remember rightly, over thus :
2,100 pounds. Shell bark hickory, ..100 Ilard maple,.. Pignut,..
White elm, White oak, 85 Red cedar,..
The cows of this country generally give White ash,
Wild cherry, Dogwood, (cormus,) 75 Yellow pine,
74 about as much milk as a goat, say from two to 773 Chestnut,..
52 three quarts per day. Before they milk the White hazel,
72 Yellow poplar, Apple tree,...
...: 52 cow, they always tie the calf to her fore leg.
69 White birch, ... 49 Then they carefully crawl up behind the calf, White beech,...
65 White pine.......... 52 and the cow is cheated out of what little milk Yellow oak,
she has, under the supposition that she is givThese several results must be only approxi- ing it to her calf. To attempt to milk the cow mations to the truth. It is very evident that without having the calf tied to her fore leg, the soil and latitude in which these woods grow would be considered by the natives as simply must have some effect on their value as fuel. preposterous. Besides being “ kicked into the We know that they do in regard to their prop-middle of next week,” they would fail to get & erties for timber.
single drop of her milk, which she wouldn't
think of giving down to anybody but her calf. Flax Cotton.—The New York Evening Post of the 16th says:
On the cattle estates the milk is manufacturIf King Cotton is not likely to be dethroned ed into cheese, resembling what is known in by his uncrowned rival, Flax, he is destined to the United States as pot-cheese, with the exget a severe poke in the ribs, which will make ception that this is pressed. It is largely used his seat uneasy. We have seen several speci- by the inhabitants, and brings from 10 to 12 mens of the new commodity to-day, which cents per pound in the market. One hundred come nearer to the genuine article than any cows in this country will make no more, howthat have yet fallen under our notice. They ever, than twenty-five in the Northern States, are to be seen at the office of Latson & Abbott, as the former do not give more than one-fourth No. 159 Water Street, where fabrics of the the quantity of milk which the latter do, and same material are also to be inspected. Flan- even that not half so rich. Butter is, as it
59 58 50
HOW TIE COWS ARE MILKED.
BUTTER AND CHEESE.