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CONTENTS

Page

Acorn, a Possibly Neglected Source of Food, The. By C. Hart MERRIAM, Formerly

Chief of the U. S. Biological Survey..

129

American People Must Become Ship-minded, The. By EDWARD N. HURLEY, Chairman,

United States Shipping Board.....

Bringing the World to Our Foreign-Language Soldiers : How a Military Training Camp

is Solving a Seemingly Unsurmountable Problem by Using THE GEOGRAPHIC. By
CHRISTINA KRYSTO

81
Ceal-Ally of American Industry: Following the Nation's Annual Output of 735,000,000

Tons of Fuel from Prehistoric Ages to Its Arrival at Tidewater. By WILLIAM
JOSEPH SHOWALTER

407

Day with Our Boys in the Geographic Wards, A. By CAROL COREY..

69

Healer of Humanity's Wounds, The. (American Red Cross)......

How Canada Went to the Front. By T. B. Macaulay, of Montreal..

297

Important New Guide for Shipping, An: Navassa Light, on a Barren Island in the West

Indies, is the First Signal for the Panama Canal. By George R. Putnam, Commis-
sioner of Lighthouses...

401

New York-Metropolis of Mankind. By WILLIAM JOSEPH SHOWALTER.

Old Jewel in the Proper Setting, An: An Eyewitness's Account of the Reconquest of

the Holy Land by Twentieth Century Crusaders. By CHARLES W. WHITEHAIR..... 325

Our Friends, the French: An Appraisal of the Traits and Temperament of the Citizens

of Our Sister Republic. By Carl Holliday...

345

Our Industrial Victory. By Charles M. SCHWAB, Director General, United States

Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation..

Our Littlest Ally (San Marino). By ALICE ROHE.

139

Price of Liberty, The: An Appreciation...

377

Races of Europe, The: The Graphic Epitome of a Never-ceasing Human Drama. The

Aspirations, Failures, Achievements, and Conflicts of the Polyglot People of the

Most Densely Populated Continent. By Edwin A. GROSVENOR, L. H. D., LL. D .... 441

Rebirth of Religion in Russia, The: The Church Reorganized While Bolshevik Cannon

Spread Destruction in the Nation's Holy of Holies. By Thomas WHITTE MORE... 379

Recent Observations in Albania. By Brig. Gen. GEORGE P. SCRIVEN, U. S. Army....

Russia's Orphan Races: Picturesque Peoples Who Cluster on the Southeastern Border-

land of the Vast Slav Dominions. By MAYNARD Owen WILLIAMS.

245

Ships for the Seven Seas: The Story of America's Maritime Needs, Her Capabilities,
and Her Achievements. By RALPH A. GRAVES.

165

Spirit of THE GEOGRAPHIC, The.....

434

Ukraine, Past and Present, The. By Nevin O. WINTER..

114

Under the Heel of the Turk: A Land with a Glorious Past a Present of Abused Oppor-

tunities, and a Future of Golden Possibilities. By William H. HALL...

51

War and Ocean Geography, The. By the EDITOR. .

230

What the War Has Done for Britain. By JUDSON C. WELLIVER.

278

212

Reproduced by A. L. Sauls Planograph Co.

Washington, D. C.

THE
NATIONAL
GEOGRAPHIC
MAGAZINE

NEW YORK-THE METROPOLIS OF MANKIND

BY WILLIAM JOSEPH SHOWALTER

AUTHOR OF "THE PANAMA CANAL," "How THE WORLD IS FED,” “Steel-THE Nation's

GREATEST Asset," ETC.

This is the first of a series of articles concerning the principal cities of the United States which will appear from time to time in the NatioNAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE. In word and picture these articles will tell the story of what these cities are today, what problems they are facing, what futures they are planning, and what rôles they are playing in the nation's activities.

W

ITH German submarines creep- olis. In population it outranks any one ing up to the very portals of its of half the nations of the earth, surpasses

busy harbor, with precautions that of the entire continent of Australia, being taken lest on some unguarded, and matches the combined strength of the moonless night an enemy hydro-airplane, six westernmost States of the American laden with bombs of destruction, descend Union.

Union. In annual expenditures it exupon it out of the sky, the eyes of the

yes of the ceeds all except seven of the fifty-odd whole world are focused

upon New York.

nations on the map. Its water system A city which the great war has made the earth's international trade center and civ

could supply the whole earth with drinkilization's crowning metropolis, Gotham ing water, and its storage reservoirs hold now commands a new interest, arouses a

enough to slake civilization's thirst for new pride in its achievements, excites a

more than a year. Its electric transpornew feeling of wonder, and stirs in every

tation lines carry nearly twice as many American breast a realization that it is a passengers in twelve months as all the city of all the people, national in all its

steam railroads of the United States. aspects and relations.

They could give every man, woman, and Conspicuous above every other phase child living a ride every ten months—so of its greatness, of course, is its rôle as much for the yardstick of comparison. an international trade center. Last year

THE MAJESTY OF THE CITY'S SMALL exports passing out of its harbor had a

THINGS greater value than the combined exports of Asia, Africa, and Australia. The im- New York is of all cities the one where ports coming through its customs lines the majesty of small things is regarded exceeded in value those of the continents as well as the greatness of large ones. of South America, Africa, and Australia Who counts a nickel? Yet the greatest together.

transportation system of the ages was For such operations as these, New built by nickels prospective, and lives on York, perforce, must be a great metrop- nickels realized. Who reckons a dime,

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