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A RESERVOIR BETWEEN THE PONTIUS PILATE TANK AND JERUSALEM
The capacity of this basin is 350,000 gallons. The tank begun by Pontius Pilate was not completed in ancient times because the Roman Government frowned upon the heavy cost of the proposed water system. The British, however, immediately following their occupation of the Holy City, began the restoration and completion of the tank, which has a capacity of 5,000,000 gallons and is fed by a perennial spring.
COURTYARD OF THE COPT INN: JERUSALEM
This inn marks the northern boundary of the Patriarch's Pool, an artificial reservoir which is said to have been constructed by King Hezekiah
This edifice is one of the most sacred shrines in all Christendom. Every year in times of peace thousands of Americans join in the pilgrimage of peoples who wend their ceaseless way to this historic spot.
International Film Service THE ANCIENT CEREMONY OF "WASHING THE FEET" BY THE GREEK PATRIARCH ON THURSDAY BEFORE EASTER IN FRONT OF THE CHURCH OF THE HOLY SEPULCHRE: JERUSALEM
This particular scene was enacted in the Holy City some time prior to the rescue of Palestine by the British. Note the preponderance of the Turkish fez in the crowd of onlookers.
Photograph by Earle Harrison
THE NORTHEAST CORNER OF THE TEMPLE INCLOSURE: JERUSALEM
"The most beautiful place in all Jerusalem is Haram-esh-Sherif, 'the Place of the Temple.' This area, which is surrounded by a wall, is the site of Solomon's magnificent Temple. It was a sacred spot even before King David placed his altar there." The native at the left of the picture is
standing above what were once King Solomon's stables.
A public reading room has been opened in the public garden, in which the daily news telegrams are posted in English, French, Arabic, and Hebrew, and newspapers in various languages are provided.
Football teams have been organized among the boys of the city, under a special coach selected by the military. Public entertainments of all sorts are provided, and great care is taken to see that the heads of all the different religious communities are invited.
Without question, the greatest achievement of the British régime has been the bringing of water to the city. Before the British occupation the only water in Jerusalem was that which was collected during the rainy season in the dirty cisterns throughout the city and that which was peddled in goatskin water-bags on the backs of men and donkeys.
The reservoirs or cisterns are from twenty to thirty feet square and are so constructed that the water from the buildings and streets flows into them during the rainy season. As sanitation in the past has been unknown in the city, the condition of these cisterns can be imagined, for no precaution was taken to prevent the filth and dirt of the streets from flowing in with the water.
Water has always been the most precious thing in Palestine, and particularly in Jerusalem. Although the Turks ruled the city for more than four hundred years, they had never provided an adequate water supply. Within five months after the arrival of the British 320,000 gallons of water were being piped into the city daily.
About 15 miles from Jerusalem, out beyond Bethlehem, on the Hebron road, was a great tank begun by Pontius Pilate to supply water to the city. We are told that the expense was so great that when the Roman Government learned of it the work was stopped at once and was never completed. The tank and an aqueduct from an ever-flowing spring to the tank have been restored, and the water is now brought to Jerusalem through a six-inch pipe. The tank holds about 5,000,000 gallons, and insures a steady supply.
PLANNING FOR THE CITY'S FUTURE
Realizing that under a just and honest. administration Jerusalem is likely to have
a large increase in population, a general plan has been drawn up for the immediate future. This plan provides for modern extensions beyond the walled. area and contemplates a more practical style of architecture, which will, however, harmonize with the buildings of the ancient city.
As an old jewel must be properly set, so as to bring out all its luster, so will old Jerusalem stand out on the top of the hill, unspoiled by modern hand, towering alone in all her ancient beauty.
Much of the oriental charm of the old city is due to the dark, narrow, winding streets, resounding with the babble of many tongues and teeming with endless streams of people gathered out of every nation under heaven.
Many of the streets are ill paved and end in blind alleys. A number of them run under and through buildings and are lighted by oil lamps. No ray of sunshine or fresh air penetrates these dark passageways.
Often it is necessary to crouch against the wall to let the camels and donkeys, in charge of their yelling Moslem drivers, get by. One who has made the trip from Jaffa to Jerusalem at night by motor-car can never forget the sights and sounds of the almost endless train of grumbling, groaning camels, with donkeys occasionally interspersed, all loaded with vegetables and fruit, creeping up to Jerusalem for the morning market.
PILGRIMS FROM ALL LANDS
In Jerusalem we see the pilgrims from all countries, who have come to end their days in the sacred city. Jews are seen by the thousands, in their long, thin robes, which look like dusters, all with widebrimmed hats, much like those worn by the Quakers in their early days in America.
Mingling with the crowds are Greek, Latin, and Armenian priests in bare feet or wearing sandals, and here and there are the sisters from the numberless convents. The Moslem women go hurrying through the streets, with faces completely hidden by long veils. Armenians, Arabs, and Europeans are all rubbing shoulders in the little winding streets.
As I went about the city the variety of putrid smells and the dirty, begging pop