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Page 8 - To INCREASE KNOWLEDGE. It is proposed — 1. To stimulate men of talent to make original researches, by offering suitable rewards for memoirs containing new truths ; and, 2. To appropriate annually a portion of the income for particular researches, under the direction of suitable persons.
Page 9 - Explorations in descriptive natural history, and geological, magnetical, and topographical surveys, to collect materials for the formation of a Physical Atlas of the United States. (3.) Solution of experimental problems, such as a new determination of the weight of the earth, of the velocity of electricity, and of light; chemical analyses of soils and plants; collection and publication of scientific facts accumulated in the offices of government. (4.) Institution of statistical inquiries with reference...
Page 465 - That the tables in the schedule hereto annexed shall be recognized in the construction of contracts and in all legal proceedings as establishing in- terms of the weights and measures now in use in the United States: the equivalents of the weights and measures expressed therein in terms of the metric system...
Page 465 - That from and after the passage of this act, it shall be lawful throughout the United States of America to employ the weights and measures of the metric system ; and no contract or dealing, or pleading in any court, shall be deemed invalid or liable to objection, because the weights or measures expressed or referred to therein are weights or measures of the metric system.
Page 7 - The property is bequeathed to the United States of America, " to found at Washington, under the name of the SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, an establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men.
Page 9 - No memoir on subjects of physical science to be accepted for publication which does not furnish a positive addition to human knowledge, resting on original research; and all unverified speculations to be rejected.
Page 9 - Appropriations in different years to different objects; so that, in course of time, each branch of knowledge may receive a share. 3. The results obtained from these appropriations to be published, with the memoirs before mentioned, in the volumes of the Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge. 4. Examples of objects for which appropriations may be made : — (1.) System of extended meteorological observations for solving the problem of American storms.
Page 8 - ... 1. To stimulate men of talent to make original researches, by offering suitable rewards for memoirs containing new truths; and, — 2. To appropriate annually a portion of the income for particular researches, under the direction of suitable persons. To DIFFUSE KNOWLEDGE. It is proposed — 1. To publish a series of periodical reports on the progress of the different branches . of knowledge; and, — 2. To publish occasionally separate treatises on subjects of general interest.
Page 10 - III. LITERATURE AND THE FINE ARTS. 9. Modern literature. 10. The fine arts, and their application to the useful arts. 11. Bibliography. 12. Obituary notices of distinguished individuals.
Page 162 - ... two feet back from the outer face of the wall) being formed of iron plates, it became practicable to cut away the flaring surfaces of masonry, so as to present others parallel or perpendicular to the face of the wall, and- by this change of form to exclude all missiles not directed within the limits of the throat itself. Still more completely to accomplish the object, wroughtiron shutters of two inches thickness (as determined by the experiments) were applied, by which, except at the moments...