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TUMUCUMUQUE MTS.

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de Principle Rio Grande do
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aliuallaga

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PARAGUAY

RIO DE JANEIRO
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caseros Santa Rosa
SANTIAGO TUPUNGATO

Kletstok, nsenada
Colorado or Cobre Leuba Anegada B.

SSR. Negro or G Limay Leu
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VOL. III, 1891, PL. 1.
NAT. GEOG. MAG.

50

40
80
70

60

BARBADOES (Brit.)
CENTRAL

I
B
BE

WEST INDIA IS.
AMERICAS

(Brit.)
S.Juan de Nicaragua
Nicaragua

TOBAGO
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Miaca Thos Altagtocla

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Port of Spain
hude Berquisimeto
v.of Paria JTRINIDAD I(Brit.)

10 10

Maracaybo

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Mouths of the

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o Socorro

o
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MT.RORAIMA BRITISH
· COCOS I.

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REPUBLIC
Cartago

GUIANA
BOGOTA

DUTCH 4
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MALPELO I.

GUIANA FRENCH Opakop
8.Juan
Choco Bay
OLE COLOMBIA

Esmigalda
GORGONA I.
EiPopayan

Rio Negro
Tamaco o

o Caguan
Esmeraldas

Pastorets ABINGDON I. GALAPAGOS IS.

C.S.Francisco Otovalo
(To Ecuador)

8. Gabriel
Macapa CAVIANA I.

EQUATOR
EQUATOR

MARAJO
BEMARLE INDEFATIGABLE I.
Puerto Vitjob ANTISANA

OR
CHATHAMI.
C.S. Lorenzo

Barcellos

Outeiro

JOANNES Hard of
CHARLES I. HOOD I.

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Assumpcion

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roelras Cameta

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C.Blanco
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8.doao das
Story
Parina P4.

duas Barras

NORONHA Paytas

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C.S.Roque

S. Joao
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Natal Tara pato

orte Pt. Ahuja

Moyobambao
LOBOS DE TIERRA

Deiras Osl

Parahyba Bom Jardin

Goyanao Jolinda $ o 7 i'm of e

Pernambuco
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or Recife
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ма
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daicat Pirang,
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TRINIDAD

Joao del Rey Barbacena Benevente
R. Loa

Canapuzha
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C. St. Thome
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Miraflores
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ST.FELIX ST.AMBROSE
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Port Copiapo
0

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entes Iluasco

68. Borja
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30 30

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dos Patos
R. Choapa

96 Salto Orientah
Parana URUGUAY 9 San Pedro

А
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L. Merim
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S. Luisa

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JUAN FERNANDEZ

Sandu
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Ft.S.Miguel

Colònia
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BUENOS AXRES

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BUENOS
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Azulo Dolores
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AYRES
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MOCHA 1.0 Angolf VILL
Cauten R.
RICA
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KIT 40

R.Buenos

PHIL. Nahuelhuapi
Maullih

Gulf of San Matias
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CHILOE I.

PENA.OF S.Josef

OR VALDES
MT.MINCHINMADIY

HUAFO 1.0
GUAYTECAS IS.

ko
CHONOS
L.Masiers

Camerones B.

Port Melo
TAYTAO ARCH.

G.of St. George
PENA.OF TRES MONTES

c. Three Points
C. Blanco

British Miles
G.of Peñas
L. Coleguape
Port Desire

0
100

200 300 400 500 600 700 800
CAMPANA IN
WELLINGTONO.

Geographical Miles
Port S.Julian
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700

50
G.of Trinidad
50

MADRE DE DIOS
B.Sta.Cr Port Sta. Cruz

FALKLAND ISLES (British)
ARCHIPELAGO
STORES

Railways shown thus
HANOVER

3 Port Louis
QN. ADELAIDE I.

E.FALKLAND
Strait of Magellan

Pia Str.of

Magellan
dren Kg.Charles

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South Land

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From the international Cyciopedia, by permission of Dodd, Mead & Company, Publishers.

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Two years ago I selected for my annual address Africa, or the Dark Continent ; last year Asia, the Land of Mountains and Deserts ; this year I have chosen South America, the Land of Rivers and Pampas.

The recent meeting of the Pan-American Congress has called attention to South America, a part of our continent under republican forms of government and rich in products which we lack, while it relies mainly on other foreign countries for goods which we manufacture. North America and South America should be more closely united, for the one is the complement of the other.

The prominent features of South America are its long ranges of mountains-next to the Himalayas the highest in the world, its great valley, and its immense plateau extending from the Straits of Magellan to the Caribbean sea.

THE MOUNTAINS. The Andes rise in the extreme south at Cape Horn, run in a northerly course through Patagonia and southern Chili; thence continuing in three nearly parallel ranges, the western chain called the Andes, the others known as the Cordilleras, through Peru, 1-NAT. GEOG. MAG., VOI... III, 1891.

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