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CHEERY PASSENGER (on deck, to father promenading with consumptive son): " Ah, this is a fine morning. Getting some fresh air in your lungs?”.

Melancholy Parent: “Not a bit of it. I'm getting some fresh lungs in my heir."


MR. PLUFF: “ It is a pity that Rochefort ever resigned his seat in the Deputies. I presume you have followed his political career, Miss Fichu; are you an admirer of his character ?"

Miss Fichu: “I don't know much about his politics, Mr. Fluff, but his cheese is just lovely.”

MONSIEUR LE BARON (old enough to be a grandfather): “I haf ask your mamma and she gif her consent—and-now I-er_"

Miss Bullion (young and silly): “I am so glad ! But won't it be funny to call you papas

a ?"


of the Encyclopedia Brittanica is out and contains articles on Rome, Roman Literature, Roman Catholic Church, Renaissance, Reforination, Pythagoras, The Quakers, Pym, Railways, Rhode Island, etc., etc. -Mrs. Chas. Gardner has written the History of France in Rhyme. The magazines and reviews are especially rich this month. -Mr. Justin Winsor, editor of the new History of America, which is said to give promise of becoming the greatest historical work the country has yet seen, succeeds Mr. Geo. Bancroft as Psesident of “the American Historical Association." -The second volume of the series of “Actors and Actresses of Great Britain and the United States,” edited by Brander Matthews and Laurence Hutton, and published by Cassell & Company, will be ready about May 7. The authors contributing biographical and critical sketches to this volume are Robert W. Low, Joseph H. Ireland, Wm. Archer, Brander Matthews, Laurence Hutton, Henry Gallup Paine, and Harold G. Henderson. The actors and actresses of whom the sketches are written and anecdotes told, are George Frederick Cooke, Sarah Siddons, John Philip Kemble, Joseph Munden, Elizabeth Farren, Dora Jordan, Robert William Elliston, Charles Mathews, Charles Kemble, Thomas Abthorpe Cooper, John Liston, Charles Mayne Young, Eliza O'Neill, and Wm. Henry West Betty:

-The Magazine of Art for June will contain an account of a Royal artist, H. R. I. H. the Crown Princess of Germany, with illustrations from her work, and a paper on Alexander Cabanel by Alice Meynell. Miss Elizabeth Stuart Phelps has injured her right arm and yet manages to do a large amount of literary work with her left.

BOOKS OF THE WEER. Owing to the bewildering variety recently introduced into the size and form of printing paper the

old designation of books, as 4to, Evo, 12mo, &c., gives little indication of size; we shall therefore, in order to be of most service to our readers, give the measures of books in inches and quarters, the number first given being the length. We shall also add the number of pages

and kind of binding. EVOLUTION AND RELIGION.- Part I, olght serions. By Henry Ward Beecher. 84x5%,

440 pages, cloth. New York, Ford's, Howard & Hurlbert. This is a comely volume : its appearance is certainly handsumo; its contents are possibly truo-ve dou't know. The doctrine of evolution is not yet satisfactorily demonstrated by scientists, and for Mr. Beecher to assume that it is shows that he has more capacity for faith than commonly supposed. But If any one believes this doctrine and doubts the truth of Christianity we do not know of anything in the whole realm of literature that will satisfy him that the one is not antagonistic to the other better than these

sermons from the old man eloquent. A WINTER IN SOUTH AMERICA AND MEXI00.-By Helen J. Sanborn. 7x57, 321 pages,

cloth, gilt lettered. Boston, Lee & Shopard. New York, Chas. T. Dillingham. Miss Sanborn went with her father to South America and New Mexico in the interests of the coffee supply. While there she sent descriptions of the countries and peoples to The Grocer. At the request of frionds and demand of the public they are given to us in this charming book. If our readers desire some new thing, that is also really

good, here it is. RAILROAD TRANSPORTATION.-Its history and 118 laws. By Arthur T. Hadley, Commis.

sioner of labor statistics of the State of Connecticut and instructor in political science in Yale College. 7*X5_, 269 pages, cloth. G. P. Putman's Sons, New York and Lon. don, This book aims to do two things : First, to present clearly the more important facts of American railroad business and explain the priuciples involved ; second, to compare the railroad legislation of different countries and the results achieved. The author has done well. A more thorough and exhaustive piece of work we have sel

dom seen, BY FIRE AND SWORD.-A story of the Huguenots. By Thomas Archer. 7X5%. 256

pages, glit lettered, cloth. Cassell & Co., New York. $1.0). This story has often been told, though seldom with more Adelity to fact and purlty of purpose than by

this experienced writer. UNWISE LAWS.-A consideration of the operations of a protective tarife upon Industry,

commerce, and society. By Lewis H. Blair. 73x5, 178 pages, cloth. G. P. Putman & Sons, New York. The writer says that he “lays'no claim to learnlpg or wisdom of any description He is a merchant doing business at Richmond, Va., and does not address the learned, but plain, sensible poople.” If he were wiser in his method of putting things, they would probably listen to him. with all its excellencies, and It has many, the style of the book is so heavy that we shall be surprised if “plain,

sensible people" read it. KING SOLOMON'S MINES.-By H. Rider Haggard. 71x5, 320 pages, paper cover.

25 cents. Cassell & Co., Rainbow Sorles, New York. Indeed, this must be an "original novel, for one of our friends, who is an loveterate novel gormandizer, says that he never

found ons like it before. ON A MARGIN.-By Julius Chambers. 74151, 416 pagog, cloth. $1.5). Ford's, Howard

& Hurlbert. This 18 a novel of Wall street and Washington. The beroluo is de

cidedly bright, queer, and variable. MRS. PEIXADA. -By Sidney Luska. 61x5, 317 pages, cloth, gilt letterod. $1.00. Cassell

& Co., New York. A very exciting story. It carries one with a rush to the end, but It is healthful withal, in that it shows tho senselessness of a woman marrying a wan

in order to get her father out of debt. GLIMPSES OF THREE COASTS.-By Helen Jackson (H. H.'. 7%85%, 418 pages, cloth.

$1,50. Roberts Brothers, Boston. The "Three Coasts,” to which the lainented H. H. lakes us are “California and Oregon," "Scotland and England," "Norway, Denmark, and Germany.” We have read these descriptive pages before, and are glad to possess them in this pormanent form. The title is somewhat misleading, but the author never leads us astray. On the contrary, she takes us 10 deo just what is best

worth seeing. PRINCE OTTO.A romance. By Robert Louis Stevenson. 272 pages. $1.00. Boston,

Roberts Brothers.

“ARE you a philanthropist, sir?” asked an old gentleman of a young man who was distributing a quantity of butter-Scotch to some little children in Washington Square. "Am I what ?" said the young man, “A philanthropist.

No, sir; I'in a dentist."
SOLOMON was in favor of parting the heir in the middle.

“And she jilted you, did she ?” inquired Rufus of Adolphus.

“Me deah boy,” replied Adolphus, hastily, “never use that dweadful wohd again. Call it a boycott, me deah boy-call it a boycott.”

Boy—“I can't go to school. I've got an awful pain.”
Mother-Well, castor oil is the best thing in the world for that kind of pain.”
Boy—“ It must be, for the pain has gone now.”
He goes, too.

BILKINS (slightly overtaken, picked out of the gutter, brought home and handed over to the tender care of his own butler by a highly-respectable elderly gentleman—an entire stranger) to elderly Samaritan—“Thanks, old f'ler-D'lighted to rechip-rocate favor—first opportunity I get.”

Elderly stranger walks off indignant—Bilkins wonders why.


Clerk of the board of aldermen: “ The commissioners held a meeting to-day, and decided to have the council chamber papered. What kind of paper would you suggest as appropriate ?”

District attorney: “Um. What do you say to gilt ?”

HUSBAND: “There! I knew I had forgotten something. I meant to order a load of kindling wood last night. There isn't a chip around the house to start the fire with.” Wife : «

: “Yes, and you worried about it in your sleep all night, dear.” Husband : “ Didn't worry about it at all. If it had been on my mind to that extent, I shouldn't have forgotten it.”

Wise: “ But you did, dear. Three or four times I heard you groan and mutter something about taking another five dollars' worth of chips.”

Husband : “D—er—that's so; come to think, I did dream about kindling wood.


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AUNT RACHEL 25 cents.
GOETHE'S FAUST.-By John Auster, LL.D. 25 cents.

MAJOR FRANK. 20 cents.
WAR AND PEACE 25 cents.

BEFORE the art exhibition.—Assistant: “Mr. Darbins called, sir, and brought this picture.”

Committee man: “Oh, that be hanged !".
Assistant: “So he suggested, but I thought-

Committee man : “ You were right. On second thoughts, hanging is too good for it."

A Bad habit-an ill-fitting riding dress.
Maud: How becoming your Easter bonnet is, dear!”
Mabel : Do you really think so ?”
Maud : “ It's lovely! Why, it looks alınost as well as it did last Easter.

Whạt an ingenious girl you are!" (And now they never speak.)

CLIPPINGS FROM CONTEMPORARIES. “ Buy some flowers,” said a small girl on the Avenue to Representative Hemphill.

“ Well,” replied the punster, blandly, “ I haven't botany for a long time, and I reckon I'll go you for a small bunch.” — Washington Critic.

PHILISTINE (contemptuously). “How can a man rest on posterity ? ”
Poet (intensely). “On the lapse of time, I suppose.”Harper's Bazar.

Smith (nervously). “ Are you sure there are no toadstools among these mushrooms ? »

Mary (guilelessly). They wuz bought for the missus's table, but she told me to try 'em first


the boarders.”Harper's Bazar.





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FOREIGN.Greece replies to the ultimalum of the Powers, John Morley, Lord

Iddesleigh and Lord Hartington speak on Irish matters. The 1,000 guineas stake
is won by Miss Jummy.

In Brooklyn, Mr. Beecher wanted the incumbent retained, but Mr. Beecher had

DOMESTIC.–Nearly all the railroad freight houses in Chicago are closed on
to be disappointed. It seems that we all have to be disappointed occasionally by

account of strikes; other branches of business affected by the eight hour agitation. our Democratic President, which isn't at all singular when we consider that very

A monument to the late. Senator Hill is unveiled at Atlanta. A great labor demsew men want the same thing. Meanwhile we have Mr. Beecher's own word for

onstration occurs in New York and a few other cities. Ex-President Arthur has it that grief purifies, and the book, which he quotes most frequently from and

a slight relapse. Increased anxiety is felt on account of the eight-hour demand. praises the highest, says that it is better to be bid to the house of mourning than

The bank of Bluffton, Ohio, is burglarized.
io the house of feasting.- Washington Post.

In the opinion of Mr. Matthew Arnold, Gladstone is not a statesman, and his CONGRESSIONAL..—The House in session, and Mr. Taulbee, of Kentucky, speaks
Irish government bill has “every fault which a project of State can have.” But on the civil-service law.
the rude British democracy, devoid of culture and ignorant of Obermann, will not
care a ha'penny for the opinion of Mr. Matthew Arnold.Hartford Courant. FOREIGN.- Premier Delyannis denies reports of his reply to the Athenian depu-

tation. Meetings are held in England in opposition to home rule. Director Boyer,
“ Some of them.will no doubt try it, but they will go to jail,” was the remark of
an intelligent wholesale liquor dealer when asked if he thought that many of the

of the Panama Canal Company, is dead.
dealers would try to evade the law. For himself, he intended to leave the State.-

Providence Star.

DOMESTIC.–At least thirty-five thousand men are on strike for shorter hours in
While the leader of secession is being glorified in the South, it is proper to

Chicago. Railroad traffic is suspended in consequence of the freight handlers'
make conspicuous note of the fact that the debt which the rebellion piled up was

action. Business generally is demoralized. It is believed that the Knights of reduced last month to the extent of $10,965,387.95.National Republican.

Labor will, within the next two days, officially announce that the Gould strike has

been abandoned by the order. The Curtain Congressional Comunittee has divided
SCHOOLBOYS are not striking as numerously as they were some two weeks ago. into two sections, one going to Texas and the other to Kansas. Postmaster Har-
There is nothing that so opens a boy's mind to the folly of striking as an old-fash lan, of Pocahontas Center, Iowa, was assailed by his neighbors, who carried their
ioned ox-goad, applied where it will do the most good.— Philadelphia Press. aversion to his holding office so far as to stone his house, whereupon he fired upon
It is a queer fact, and one very significant, that nearly all the graduates from

the assailants, wounding several of them.
Fastern colleges are at first rampant Free Traders, but the most of them after en-
gaging in business life soon become Protectionists.-Iowa State Register.

FOREIGN.-—The people of Athens intensely oppose the withdrawal of Greece.

Reports of the prospecis of Gladstone's home-rule measure are less encouraging.
BROTHER BLAINE does not think Mr. Cleveland was the author of “innocuous
resuetude.” Mr. Cleveland was certainly the author of the innocuous desuetude

in which Brother Blaine is resting.–Louisville Courier-Journal.

DOMESTIC. The Knights of Labor forinally declare the strike on the Gould

roads ended.
The London Standard declares that “republican institutions are still on trial.”

Several men are wounded by the police in suppressing disorders at
That may be. But they are not as badly off as monarchical institutions, which al-

Chicago. The eight hour movement causes increased agitation. An earthquake
ready stand convicted. — Philadelphia Press.

shock is felt in the Ohio valley.
Mr. BATTLE, of Mississippi, is not a soldier. He is an editor. Mr. Mumpower, CONGRESSIONAL.–Both Houses in session, but nothing of general interest
of Missouri, is not a dumb alhlete. He is a preacher. There is nothing in a transpires,
name.- Atlanta Constitution,

FOREIGN.— The full text of Gladstone's manifesto lo his constituents is made
JEFF. DAVIS speaks of possessing “a mother's weakness." This is probably
pirt of the feminine outfit he appropriated in his famous escapade twenty-one

public. The Greek question is still undecided.
years ago.-- Troy Times.

IF Jefferson Davis had fought on the field he would have been as silent as

DOMESTIC.- There are serious riots by Socialists in Chicago, and numerous
Grant and Lee. Bullets sometimes change a man's style of thought..— Philadel-

casualties are reported. Mr. Hoxie names conditions on which the old men will
pria limes.

be taken back on the Gould roads. Little change occurs in the eight-hour move

ment. Episcopal conventions are in session at l'hiladelphia and Camden. The
Put a plaster over the mouth of demagogues and schemers, and there would Particular Synod of the Reformed Church is in session at Newburg. A company
be no serious trouble between capital and labor in this country. Indiana polis of colored cavalry were worsted in a fight with Apaches in Arizona. Trouble is

threatened by the Indians of the great Northwest,
DURING May it will be too sweet for anything in Cincinnati. They are to have
both a grand musical festival and the National candy convention. Chicago Inter-

CONGRESSIONAL.—The Senate passed the Postoffice Appropriation bill with an

amendment giving $800,000 to American ships that carry South American mails.
The House acts on two contested election cases. Charles A. Dana lestifies in the

Pan-Electric Investigation.
EVENTS OF THE WEEK. FOREIGN — The Colonial exhibition is opened in London. The powers will

hold a conference in London on the Greek difficulty.

DOMESTIC.--The corner-stone of a monument to Confederate dead is laid at

DOMESTIC.The rints continue in Chicago. Officer Madden mortally wounded.
Montgomery, Alabama, the chief address being delivered by Jefferson Davis. The

August Spies, A. B. Parsons, and Samuel Fielding, socialists, were arrested for in-
Knights of Labor oriler the strike on Gould's roads off on the request of the Citi- citing the riols and murders. Mayor Harrison issues a proclamation against as-
zens Committee. The movement for a work day of eight hours' duration is ad.

sembled crowds and threatening io disperse them. Incendiary lire started by vancing in all sections of the country. The big gun cast in Boston having cooled

anarchists and extinguished by the police. Murderous weapons, dynamile, elc., sufficiently to allow its removal from the moulding pit, is reported perfect up to its

found in the Arbeiter Zeitung office. Four hundred rioters, bearing clubs and car-
present stage of manufacture. Extensive strikes are threatened in Chicago.

rying red flags, and shouting,“ kill the militia and burn the mills,” are met by four
companies of militia, who fired upon them, leaving several killed and inany others

wounded. Greatest consternation prevails in both cities. Grand Master Powderly
CONGRESSIONAL.--The Senate debated the Post Office appropriation bill and

vigorously denounces the anarchists of Chicago and Milwaukee. four men killed the House the River and Ilarbor bill.

and seven others fearfully wounded by the fall of the Brackert block it Minneapo

lis. New York strikes settled amicably.
FOREION.— The Greek minister of war has resigned. A crisis is impending in
the Spanish cabinet.

CONGRESSIONAL..—The llouse has an all-night session. The Committee on the

Alcoholic Liquor Traffic recommends the rejection of the Senate bill providing for

a commission on the subject of the liquor trafic. Anthony Comstock addresses DOMESTIC. More strikes reported in Chicago and other cities. There is gen the Senate Committee on Post Offices in favor of the bill to prevent the transmiseral anxiety on account of the eight-hour movenient. The Curtin committee begins sion through the mails of lottery and gill enterprise circulars. The hearing of work of investigation in St. Louis, Heavy fire losses occur in Baltimore and San

the Mormon Question before the Judiciary Commitiee concluded. The Senale dis-
Francisco. The Commercial Cable Company decides to reduce rates. The New

cusses the Inter-State Commerce bill.
York grand jury makes a strong presentment of the practice of boycotting, and the
ignorance and dereliction of the police in not stamping it out, Recorder Sinyth FOREIGN.—A conference of the National Liberal Feileration held in London,
replies in the sam: spirit.

600 delegates present. Gladstone endorsed by a vote of 575 to 25. Chamberlain

confused and consounded. Conservative mass-meeting at St. James' llall, Duke CONGRESSIONAL.—The Senate continues debate on the Post Office appropriation of Norfolk presided. Gladstone denounced and Sir Michael Hicks Beach, with bill. Speaker Carlisle and Messrs. Beach, Randall, Hewitt, Payne and Upshaw Viscount Cranbrook, appointed a committee to petition Parliament against granting testify in the Pan-Electric telephone investigation.

home rule in Ireland.;

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arson will prevail. That is the situation which stares the citizens of Chicago in the face to-day.

The Courrier des Etats-Unis, New York, May 6.

[Translated expressly for PUBLIO OPINION.] PUBLIC attention was called the other day, upon the occasion of a demonstration of the workingmen in Chicago, to a body of some three thousand men marching in the procession and preceded by an individual carrying a red flag. On the whole, there was nothing in the exhibition of this sanguinary rag very characteristic or disquieting to people of a pacific turn, any more than there was a symptom of revolutionary violence in the apparition of a few red banners at a mass-meeting held on Saturday evening in New York city. Be this as it may, the newspapers seized upon the incident, and the Sun discovered in it a fresh occasion for throwing upon foreigners the responsibility of the socialistic and anarchical spirit which has manisested itself among the population of the United States. It will be remembered that the Sun, some days ago, attributed to the wicked doctrines of the foreign element the outrages to which the proprietor of a cafe concert on Fourteenth street was subjected under a pretext of " boycotting” it. The World, in criticising this assertion, as we ourselves have done, says there are, in fact, a great many demagogues, American by birth, who, in their egotism, are disposed to accept the extremest docʻrines of the anarchists; but there are also, it adds, a great number of dangerous foreign agitators who have been driven from Europe for their nihilistic tendencies. This brings us to the reflection that Americans, in proportion as they find developed at home the conflict of popular aspirations, grow daily less indulgent toward agitators whom they once encouraged so complacently. It will not be necessary to go very far back in our recollections to instance with what pride was proclaimed the fact that the proscribed and fugitive from every form of oppression found in this country, with independence of thought and of word, the sympathy due to their sufferings and the honor due to their convictions. To-day all these martyrs of a European despotism are confounded with the vulgar herd of socialists and nihilists who pervert Americans essentially wise and virtuous, and inoculate them with their pernicious doctrines. How far this grand orchestral glorification will extend, which makes of the American people a vast mutual admiration society, we cannot say. Let it suffice to reply to it by a motto renovated from the Greeks, “ Know thyself,” which is the essence of wisdom, as well for the nation as for the individual, The CommercialAdvertiser, in reserring to the dynamiters of Chicago, says: “Behind the police stands the militia, and behind the militia the irresistible force of the American people, which, however wide may be the divergence upon questions of political significance, is united as one man in the determination to maintain American institutions.” The fallacy of this reasoning is that American institutions are not exciting these emeutes the least in the world. No one dreams of subverting the Republic in order to substitute for it any other form of government under the sun. Undoubtedly, if a faction, a party, any power whatsoever, should conceive the grotesque idea of trying it, the entire American people would rise up against the aggressor; but its ideas are, probably, less unanimous on the questions of labor and capital which are now agitating the masses, and are susceptible of provoking violence. It is, undoubtedly, less unanimous upon the normal duration of the working day, the quota of salaries, the manner of regulating the differences between employer and employé, or upon the mode of repartition of property in general, than it is in its love of liberty and hatred of tyrants. For this reason the problem presented is far less simple than is assumed by the Commercial-Advertiser. It is here that which it is everywhere else—it is the breath of the great tempest which is passing, and which has struck the American continent in its passage.

The New Yorker Staats-Zeitung, May 6.

[Translated expressly for PUBLIO OPINION.] The well-meant premonitions of this and of other non-demagogical organs (unfortunately too sew in number) since the commencement of the recent labor agitation has borne little fruit. The anarchists, and, in their train, the socialist-democrats, have listened rather to the delusive utterances of leaders, as cowardly as unprincipled, who have shown by their barbarous and unwarrantable acts in Chicago and Milwaukee that they could not or would not refrain from playing their portentous role to its late appalling denouement. Law and authority must now be upheld by the weapons of the arsenal, an expedient always fraught with danger to republican liberties. Voices, indeed, have already been heard, and from not uninfluential quarters, declaring that the time has arrived for curtailing the liberty of speech and of the press. Our rich and beautiful land, hitherto the garden spot for the realization of man's ideal of human government, and which was on the high road to efface all established distinctions of race, religion, or condition, has suddenly become the arena for a ruthless exhibition antagonistic to its practical develop

But in what circles has this taken place? Here we come to the point which alone can offer a plausible excuse for the indiscriminate war-whoop against “ foreigners” in general. It is due to the nativity, or, more correctly speaking, to the language spoken by the leaders of the emeutes, that the American press has referred to the Germans as among the " herd ” inculpated in them. With the most absolute consciousness, it can be affirmed that there are not so many hundreds of Germans in this herd as there are millions in this Union. If, upon particular


THE RED FLAG ÎN AMERICA. ANARCHISTIC disturbances that had for some time been growing more and more serious, culminated in riots at Chicago and Milwaukee on Tuesday and Wednesday of last week, resulting in numerous casualties. These events have elicited the comments here collated :

Chicago Tribune (Rep.), May 6. At the meeting of communists. Tuesday evening, called by their executive committee, addresses were made by Spies, Parsons, and Fielden of an incendiary character urging the crowd to arm themselves and resist the law. Prior to the meeting an article of an atrocious character had appeared in Spies' paper, the Arbeiter-Zeitung, and a circular, printed in his office, had been distributed, calling upon the nihilists to arm themselves, kill the police and employers, and burn the lafer's property. Fielden, a communistic leader, was the last speaker, and we reprint the substantial part of his harangue, made just before his murderous confederates threw the bomb and opened fire with their revolvers. He said :

The law is only framed for those that are your enslavers. Workingmen in their blind rage attacked McCormick's factory, and were shot down in cold blood by the law (ap. plause) of the city of Chicago in the protoction of property. Those men were going to do some damage to a certain person's interests, who was a large property owner. Therefore the law came to his defense. A million men own all the property in this country. The law 18 of no use to the other 54,000,000, You have nothing more to do with the law except to lay hands upon it and throttle it until it makes its last kick. [Applause.] It has turned your brethren out on the wayside and degraded them until they have lost the last vestigo of humanity and become mere things and animals. Keep your eye uprin it. Throttle the law. Kill it. ' Stop it. Do everything you can to wound it-to impede its progress. Il you don't, It is a life and death struggle between you and it, and it will kill you. Remember, if you ever do anything for yourselves, prepare to do it for yourselves. Don't turn over your business to anybody else. No man deserves anything unless ho is man enough to make an effort to 11[t himself from oppression. [At this point the bomb was thrown.]

It would be a waste of time to expose the infamous falsehoods contained in this screed. It is more to the present purpose that the speaker admitted that the object of communism was to destroy property, overthrow the law, and inaugurate an era of destruction and anarchy, and that he urged his followers then and there to commence their work. The response came at once. A detachment of police appeared upon the scene. The speaker was ordered to stop his incendiary and treasonable language and the crowd was commanded to disperse by the authority of law.” A dyramite bonib was thrown by some miscreant, apparently from a point not;far from where Fielden was speaking. Its report had not died away before the mob conimenced firing at the police, showing premeditated design in their hellish work. Forty or more policemen were killed and wounded, but at last the crowd was dispersed. Such is the brief story of Tuesday night's murderous communistic conspiracy. The responsibility clearly rests upon these leaders, and they must be made to answer for it. Meanwhile it suggests some grave questions to think about. There should be no blind, unreasonable revenge taken, strong as the provocation is; but the orderly and law-abiding people must seriously consider whether they can longer permit this communistic organization the license it lias "hitherto enjoyed. These aliens, driven out of Germany and Bohemia for treasonable teachings by Bismarck and the Emperor of Austria, have swarmed over into this country of extreme toleration and have most flagrantly abused its hospitality. After warming these frozen vipers on its breast and permitting them to become citizens, with the right to vote and hold office and take part in the government of "city, county, State, and Nation, it has given them three or four times the wages they could possibly get in their own country, given them free schools, free care in case of destitution, and an opportunity to better their condition limited only by their own ability. The ungrateful hyenas have repaid this hospitality by organizing

themselves into associations whose object is the destruction of the property, law and government of the land that sheliers and feeds them. They have held their

Sunday meetings in our parks under police protection, and march behind their *Ted flags for this diabolical object in their speeches, their newspapers, their pamphlets, their proclamations, and their handbills they have boldly and undis. güisedly proclaimed their nihilistic purposes; and for years the patriotic citizens of this community have not been permitted by the mayor to interfere with this conconspiracy against their rights. These serpents have been warmed and nourished in the sunshine of toleration until at last they have been emboldened to strike at society, law, order, and government. They have seized upon the opportunity offered them by a dispute over hours and wages, with which they have nothing to do and are seeking to turn it in the direction of blood and anarchy. The slaughter of Tuesday evening is the logical outcome of the excessive, ill-considered toleration which has been accorded them. It is a serious problem, therefore, which confronts the people of Chicago who believe in law, order and good government. They must overcome communism or it will ruin them. They must organize to meet it with all the power of the law and put it down, or they must expect an era of anarchy and the loss of their property, if not their lives. These alien commurüsts must be made to know that American laws shall be obeyed, or anarchy and

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occasions, the percentage has appeared greater, the Poles, the Bohemians, and flect seriously upon the implications of continuing freedom to the anarchist proothers, who are not Germans, but who bear German names and speak the German paganda in this country. We are all so habituated to regard what we understand tongue, are to be thanked for it. An unprejudiced judgment will not, however, by free speech as a sacred right, that it is difficult to realize the existence of a state lay the whole blame for the excesses which have been committed on the “ soreign of things which may seem to put the wisdom of our time-honored principle in ers.” To put it strongly, the criminal measures to which the Freiheit, the Arbeiter doubt. Such doubt is in truth not justified, for the dissemination of anarchist Zeitung, etc., have led are none other than those which with more or less applause ideas has really nothing in common with the ordered liberty whose maintenance and approval of the whole demagogical press of America and representatives of every American citizen is pledged to. The real question before the country is the people, the Irish agitators have put in practice, in word, in writ, and deed. whether a propaganda whose avowed purpose is the destruction of the whole Now, to condemn at home what is approved of as employed against England social and political system, and tle substitution of “red ruin and the breaking up reminds one of the well-known hurried prayer to the holy Florian, “Spare our of law,” is entitled to any toleration. There is no pretence, nor room for pretence, house-set fire to other people's !”

that the anarchists if let alone will accomplish anything but what the nation at Charleston News and Courier (Dem.), May 6.

large unquestionably considers unmixed evil. This being the case, it may be

asked whether toleration for the propaganda is not plainly toleration of organized TO HAVE dynamite bombs exploded among a body of two hundred policemen crime. We have laws for the punishment of arson, burglary, highway robbery, asis a novel experience for an American city. Nevertheless, occurring where it did, sault to murder, and murder. Can we consistently permit schools to be established it should occasion no more surprise than if it had happened in Paris, and much among us in which men are taught that it is their right to perpetrate all these less than if Berlin had been the scene of disturbance. Chicago has had riots be crimes with impunity, and that society is guilty of iniquity in forbidding and punfore, and the intelligent classes in that city have been anticipating for years just ishing them? such a terrible tragedy as that of Tuesday night. The working people of Chicago

New York Sun (Dem.), May 9. are numbered by hundreds of thousands, and of this vast mass the great majority are not Americans. They are the offscourings of Europe. Many of them have

Such foreign savages, with their dynamite bombs and anarchic purposes, are as been imported in droves in order to supply the demand for cheap labor. The very

much apart from the rest of the people of this country as the Apaches of the plains best of them have no knowledge of the theory or practical working of our system

Workingmen who are citizens of the Republic and understand its instituof government. They are the product of a civilization which divides the people tions, utterly detest them and their teachings, and would have the law forbid them into classes, and in their own country they belong to a class which is allowed no

land on our sliores, as they would keep out an invasion of venomous reptiles. But share in the government. Of self-control, the very first element of a freeman,

how shall these obnoxious foreigners be kept out? How can they be detected they know nothing, because they have all their lives been accustomed to be con

among the mass of immigrants? You cannot always tell that a man is a crazy sotrolled by others, and that control being based on force, they habitually look upon

cialist simply from his looks, and the most careful scrutiny on the part of our forall control as tyranny, and have an unreasoning hatred of all government as some.

eign consuls would not avail. The restriction of foreign immigration, which the thing hostile to and apart from themselves. The idea that they form part of the

Labor Commissioner says is demanded by “the native and foreign-born citizen, the Government and share its power and responsibilities, is quite beyond their compre

skilled and the unskilled workman,” is a practical question of the greatest diffihension. Aggregations of such foreigners are dangerous to any American com

culty, for nobody, we suppose, is prepared to see all immigration treated as we munity. Their presence was not contemplated by the founders of our Govern

treat that from Chinawholly forbidden. How about a tax of $300 on every inment, and there is no special provision in our laws for the exigencies that may

migrant? arise from the existence of such unassimilated bodies. Our laws do not tolerate

N. Y. Commercial Advertiser (Rep.), May 6. the watching of citizens, domiciliary visits, arrests on suspicion and other means

These men were criminals and outlaws at home, and in changing their skies used for the management of this class of people in the countries whence they

they have not changed their minds. Our large tolerance in the matter of free We have to wait until they break the laws, and then, in teaching the rioters the necessary lesson that the law is supreme, many innocent persons suffer.

speech and free press has given them opportunities which they lacked at home,

and they have abused the privilege after their kind. So long as they contented But it can not be helped, and the laws must be enforced at any cost.

themselves with vaporings, we Americans, native and naturalized, laughed; but Der Baltimore Correspondent, May 8.

now that they have for the second time taken advantage of labor disturbances and

have sought to institute the anarchy and terror which they preach, the American [Translatod expressly for PUBLIC OPINION.)

people are in a different mood. The police of Chicago gave expression to that We have all along feared, and repeatedly in these columns expressed the fear, mood when they stood their ground, and with their pistols drove the dynamitethat the anarchical rodomontades of a few refugee agitators from Europe might

throwers into their kennels. A Chicago jury will doubtless give further expression give fresh occasion to a hue and cry against “foreigners ;” and since the Chicago

to the public sentiment when the arrested leaders of the anarchists are put upon outrages this apprehension has been fully justified. Primarily, of course, upon their trial for murder. But these measures are directed toward symptoms, merely, paper only--that is to say, by the American journals. But let no one suppose that

and it is time to attack the disease germs themselves. this will do no harm. By this senseless emeute, in which apparently only foreign immigrants participated, the great labor agitation, in which hundreds of thousands

Statement of the Knights of Labor, Chicago. of laboring men are interested, is likely to be frustrated when near the goal of its Tue tragic events of the last few hours, and the to be-deplored sacrifice of human fruition. The vantage ground already won by the workingmen in an arduous lise connected therewith, the legitimate results of the teachings of reckless, lawstruggle and amidst great privations is in danger of being lost by the unfortunate

desying men, together with the excited condition of public feeling, demand that occurrences at Chicago and Milwaukee. Besides, the business outlook for the

the position of the organized associations this city represented in the Trades future is by no means encouraging, and want of employment and consequent want and Labor Assembly and District Assembly 24 should be clearly and officially de. of bread are confronting the poorer classes, if, haply, as is greatly to be feared, the fined, the means employed to secure a recognition of their demands stated, and the times should get worse. The seeds of hatred toward citizens of foreign birih facts spread broadcast that they have neither sympathy nor affiliation with any now sown by the papers will then spring up and possibly bear as bloody fruits as class of men who set law and order at defiance. From the inception of the eightsome thirty years ago in Baltimore and Louisville. The Sun of yesterday, which

hour movement to the present time they have spoken with no uncertain sound. usually accords but little space to matters pertaining to the German element here, They have consistently and persistently deprecated a resort to violence, and that devotes over three columns to this hue and cry of American Journals against the course they mean to pursue to the end. Their reliance is, and has been, based on “foreigners.” On the whole, this outburst of fury over the dynamite atrocity is the justice of their cause, the power of organization, and the sympathy of that fully warranted, although most of them far overshoot the mark. We are fully public whose sympathy when the facts are known is seldom misplaced. convinced that the majority of these loud-mouthed cranks and riotous orators need no very strong repressive measures to keep them quiet. A significant hint

New York Volkszeitung (Herr Most). or two from the chief of police is all that is required.

TO ALL those who pour out from their foaming mouths maledictions against the
N. Y. Tribune (Rep.), May 11.

Chicago “dynamite fierls ” we recommend this shooting in Milwaukee. A pro

cession of unarmed workingmen were moving in the most peaceful manner toward Four facts mark the rapid progress of public thought. Archbishop Gibbons, in a factory in order to enter into negotiations with its managers. Six militia compahis sermon on Sunday, denounced the anarchists—those who falsely called them nies were stationed al 200 yards distance, and their commander--Traumer is the selves socialists—in the strongest terms. On the same day the Bohemian societies scoundrel's name, to the eternal honor of German-Americans ordered them to in Cleveland passed resolutions denouncing the anarchists, and Patrick Egan, the fire. To fire into an unarmed mass of women and children (a child was killed) president of the Irish National League, published a dispatch to Mr. Parnell noting without the slightest provocation! And will these murderers be arrested and imthat “not a single Irishman was among the anarchists at Chicago, while most of prisoned as well as the Chicago anarchists who flung the dynamite bombs at the those who sell delending public order were of our nationality." That is a grand police? O, no. These murderers will be praised and glorified as defenders of fact, which American citizens of every nativity have observed with rejoicing. The order, and the men who would offer any resistance to this cowardly band of murthird fact comes from another extreme of thought. Professor Adler, in his address derers, as Paul Grotikan did, will be thrust into jail. on Sunday, not only censured the anarchists as they deserved, but showed that employers were not without blame, who, in their greed to get the cheapest work

Chicago llerald (Ind.), May 6. ers, had imported to this country gangs of ignorant and degraded men, and had THE rabble whom Spies and Fielden stimulated to murder are not Americans. kept them at wages which preclude their education or their adoption of American They are offscourings of Europe who have sought these shores to abuse the hospi. modes of life. The fourth fact is a complement of this. Employers in Chicago tality and defy the authority of the country. In times of profound quiet their who have many thousand hands have united in a determination to give no employ mouthings and menacings are impotent, but in the midst of tuinult they discovered ment hereafter to any anarchists. This is not proscribing men for opinions on any the opportunity for rapine, and they seize upon the discontent of honest labor, to labor question or any political question, but simply for disloyalty to all government. which many of them are strangers, lo incite riot and perpetrale murder of the Justice and wisdom will be needed in preventing the abuse of such a rule.

abstract teachings of a written socialism they know less than the bank burgN. Y. Tribune (Rep.)., May 8.

lar knows of the science of finance. They are not socialists; they are an

archists, and under the aspiration of turbulent and selfish spirits the hope was rising THERE can be no better time than the present for the American people to re in their breasts that the tiine for anarchy and confusion, bloodshed and plunder had

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Their fangs have been shown. Their fangs, orderly society now discover, dynamiters, anarchists, rebels against society, who have already found their way must, for its own protection, be drawn.

here should be disposed of as quickly as possible. Those who were amusing N. Y. Herald (Ind.), May 8.

themselves by killing Chicago policen.en should be promptly hanged. Decisive

action in this matter may teach their compatriots who are thinking of emigrating The red flag does not Aoat gracefully in American breezes. If the stars and

that the United States is no more free to commit murder in than any other country, stripes do not satisfy the political cravings of a man, the sooner he emigrates the And hereafter let no such characters be allowed to enter. saser he will be. Dynamite, too, as an expression of political opinion, is singularly 1of place in this country. When used to blow up a mountain for a railroad

Indianapolis Journal (Rep.), May 7.
track, that is one thing; when used to blow up the law and order of the commu In the early sixties this Nation sacrificed hundreds of thousands of precious lives
nity, that is a very different thing. As a people, we tolera-e every kind of vagaries. to save the Union from the onslaught of an armed and desperate band of traitors.
A man may with impunity be as many kinds of fool as there are colors in the rain. In 1886 the survivors of that infamous conspiracy dare to ostentatiously boast of
bow, and we do not interfere. But brutal crime, which eulogizes chaos and uses the glory and immortality of the “ cause for which they fought. Who can say
gunpowder and the torch to produce it, is not to be endured for an instant. Chi but twenty years hence the scoundrels who are murdering by means of dynamite
cago is about to take off her gloves, and we remind her that there are times when bombs shall not be encouraged to publicly glorify over it? Monuments to Spies,
mercy to the guilty is cruelty to the innocent.

Fielden, and Most would be about the proper thing according to this idea. In
The Age of Steel, May 8.

those days the man who presumes to criticise such acts will be rebuked for waving

the “ bloody shirt." THERE is no excuse in this country for murderous rioting under the red flag or

Cincinnati Post (Ind.), May 8. any other sort of flag. There is no one-man power here, no titled classes, no great military, establishment to overawe or suppress the “people " upon whom our social

IF ANY citizen sees, or thinks he sees, where the Government can be improved its and anarchists pretend to rely. In the fullest sense of the word this is a free

in the interest of labor or any other interest, he has a perfect right to advocate his

views and agitate for the improvement. But when he proposes, either in public country, only such safeguards being provided for society as are deemed necessary

meetings or private meetings, or in any publications, armed and violent resistance for the protection of all, without discrimination. If the laws are wrong and favor

to the constituted authorities of the city, State or Nation, he is a traitor, his talk is the rich, appeal to the good sense and understanding of the American people, and let them decide the matter at the ballot-box. But do not attempt rebellion; do

treason, and he should be hustled before the United States Court so quick that it

would make his head swim. There he should be tried, and if found guilty he not wave the blood-stained, torch-scorched red flag in the faces of the mighty mill

should be sent to the Dry Tortugas for a dozen years. ions whose lives and fortunes are pledged to the maintenance of order, and of liberty as contradistinguished from license.

Columbus, Ohio, Dispatch (Ind.), May 6. An Anarchist" in an interview in New York Tribune.

Chicago has tolerated the anarchists long enough. This is a free country, as I don't know that the public has any right to know what our real strength is.

any other country is free in the sense of giving all law-abiding citizens protection We are stronger and better organized than people have any idea of. We have a

and encouragement in their efforts to earn a subsistence. It is not a free country college in New Jersey where the members are taught how to use dynamite and

in the sense that a man may boldly mount upon a store box, in the midst of a large Greek fire. We have rifle corps organized, not to provoke a fight, but to be able

and partially-excited crowd, and harangue his hearers to kill those of their fellowto cope successfully with the police and militia when the struggle which is bound

men who own property, and divide the spoils thus acquired by murder. This style to come is on us. The Chicago fight is simply the first gun in the revolution. Our

of getting at alleged justice is not practiced by any civilized people. It must be brothers there did nobly, but they were not as well prepared as they might have

suppressed here.

Washington Post (Dem.), May 6. been, or more of the bluecoats would have got their last dose. Our motto is: "Neither God nor Master," and our doctrine may be simply stated as “ Down with

ANARCHY is a tyrant. So long as he is permitted to stalk abroad unchained, so church, State, capital, Knights of Labor and other kindred villainies.”

long will society be terrorized by evil threat and worse fulfillment. This is not

freedom, it is subjugation, and subjugation of the most intolerable kind. It is the Arbeitier-Zeitung, Chicago, May 4.

assertion of authority over the enlightened, progressive, liberal American citizen by WORKINGMEN! The hated police yesterday murdered four of your brothers and a horde of foreigners, representing almost the lowest stratum found in humanity's wounded perhaps twenty-five more at McCormick’s factory. Had your brothers,

formation. If we are be subjects let us have the purple and respectability. At who had nothing but stones to defend themselves, been armed with good weapons present we own allegiance to soiled linen and truculent rhetoric. and a few dynamite bombs, none of the murderers would have escaped his well

Chicago Journal (Rep.), May 7. deserved fate. As it was, only four of them (the policemen) were wounded. That is sad. Yesterday's massacre occurred that the 40,000 strikers in the city JUSTICE should be prompt in dealing with the arrested anarchists. The law remight be filled with fear and terror, and that the dissatisfied and rebellious laborers garding accessories to crime in this State is so plain that their trials will be short. might be driven back under the yoke of slavery. In whose veins does not the A special graad jury should be at orce empanelled, indictments should immediblood course faster when he hears of the shameful acts of these beasts? Whoever ately be fourd and the trials should proceed. Sharp and decisive measures are is a man must show it these days. Men to the front.

those which the times require. To dally with justice is to defeat it. A vigorous

administration of the law and a speedy, prompt and relentless execution of its de. Chicago Inter-Ocean (Rep.), May 6.

crees will vindicate justice and establish order. For months and years these pestiferous fellows have uttered their seditious and

German Telegraph, Indianapolis. dangerous doctrines. Even if they had not opened their lips on Tuesday night,

IF native Americans are at a loss to distinguish socialists from anarchists, we cantheir very presence, with their well-known and destructive views, would have been

not be surprised in the least, as naturalized Americans are placed in the same prean invitation to the mob they met and mingled with to commit acts of lawlessness.

dicament. So long as socialists will march under the red flag of anarchism and But the man Fielden is announced as saying that “the only way to evade law and

cheer the speeches of anarchical inciters; so long as their organs promote warfare order was to kill off its minions,' the officers who enforce it." These men are accessories before the fact to the murder of officer Joseph M. Deegan, of the West

against all existing institutions, and can only find salvation for their party in a genLake-street police station, and to the murder of every other man, woman, or child

eral subversion, the people are justified in not making any distinction between a

socialist and an anarchist.
who may die within a year and a day from the date of receiving their in-

Philadelphia Record (Ind.), May 6.
Memphis Appeal (Dem.), May 6.

THE infamous excesses of the Chicago rioters must warn honest and intelligent
The communists and the socialists of Chicago were not brought to this country by these bloodthirsty wretches who have no likeness in modern historý except in

workingmen of the fate that will sui ely overtake any movement captained or aided by the Knights of Labor. On the contrary, they were brought here by the em

the Paris Commune. The sympathy of the American people, which is essential to ployers of labor for the purpose of competing with American laboringmen and

the success of the cause of American workingmen, can be preserved only by purgdestroying labor organizations. The American people gladly welcome intelligenting labor organizations of a ferocious element which recognizes no rule of law but foreigners who are law-abiding and will make good citizens and add 10 the productive wealth of the country. But those interested in cheap labor will drag the

its passions and appetites.

John Swinton's Paper. slums of Europe to secure it, and when their imported outlaws commence the violence which made them a nuisance and a terror in their native country, those who

It may have been observed that on the very day, to wit, last Monday, when imported them charge the crimes of their own creatures to honest workingmen.

Gould was boasting that he had won a victory over the Knights of Labor at St.

Louis, the red flag was brought out in Chicago and flaunted over ten or (welve
Washington Critic (Ind.), May 6.

thousand men-an event which was followed by the sanguinary affray of the next
The United States extends a welcome to every man who comes here leaving night. If the Gould clique of capitalists were to destroy the Knights, which is be-
his foreign prejudices and political heresies behind him. It is big enough for mill yond their power, they would find themselves in presence of another enemy far
ions and millions yet who choose to assume the full measure of duty and responsi less easily dealt with.
bility attaching to American citizenship, but big enough for none others. It is not

Louisville Courier-Journal (Dem.), May 7. big enough for men who bring with them from foreign shores the pestilential doctrines of the Commune, and undertake socialistic revolutions in the sign of the red

COMMUNISTs and anarchists ought to be muzzled and set to work in penitentiaries flag. It is not big enough, excepting as a burial ground, for men who hold that

The theory that repression should be postponed until lawless purposes assume a

definite direction and select an objective point won't do. It is cheaper to destroy mobʻlaw is superior to the majesty of the state, and that the coat-of-arms of the United States is a dynamite bomb surmounted by dagger and torch.

the seed than the harvest. The freedom of speech and writing ought to be abso.

lute, until they are directed toward enterprises which are unlawful, and when Washington Sunday Herald (Dem.), May 9.

so directed they should be attacked by the arm of the law as promptly as arson or No man who believes in the logic of dynamite has a place in this country. It

murder in actual fact. is hard to see any reason why we should be made a harbor of refuge for all the in

Philadelphia Ledger (Ind.). cendiary scum which has been driven from other countries. The set of atheists, UNLIKE the hundreds of other foreign-born men who come here and make use

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