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other criminals who escape to Canada and there find a safe asylum spend their were sometimes destined to be done by a band of young men and sometimes by a days in vain longings to return to this country, and are good examples of the Sun

group of old ones,

At the beginning of the present century, for instance, most of day-school theory that the way of the transgressor is always hard. The real facts the heroes of peace and war were young. Napoleon was not much over 30 in the are that the majority of bank cashiers, boodle aldermen, and others who form the days Austerlitz and Marengo; few of his marshals were older. Wellington rogue's colony in Montreal and Quebec carried so much of this world's goods with passed his fortieth year in the Peninsula campaign. Pitt, after 20 years in the them that they feel no want, while remorse is not a matter which touches what by Premiership, died at 47. Nelson was just the same age at Trafalgar, Our poets, courtesy we call their souls. From all the accounts receivel, Eno, Walker, and Byron, Shelley, Keats, and Coleridge, were young; Sir Walter Scott was looked the score of other embezzlers and defaulters who escaped over the border with upon as quite a patriarch of letters at 55. At present we are in the cycle of the remnants of their plunder, enjoy life in the dominion, and a few of them, by vir seniors. We have Mr. Gladstone and M. Grevy, Prince Bismarck, and the Gertue of their wealth and their connections, have been admitted to society in the man emperor, all of whom, if they belong very actively and vividly to the present

, Canadian cities. The boodle aldermen of New York live as they lived in the me. would have left a good record of notable work behind them if they had joined the tropolis-a swinish existence which looks on good food and unlimited champagne majority before M. Benedetti altered the map of Europe by forgetting his manand the company of congenial rogues as the height of earthly felicity. All the ners on the promenade at Ems on a certain critical day. And the strange thing is theological theories of the awful effects of the violation of a moral law fall to the that when these veterans disappear from the stage they seem likely to leave no súcground when dealing with such people as these. The bank officer who has stolen

No doubt Providence has not forgotten posterity, and the next generation the money of poor depositors for years, and who has committed this meanest kind will be duly provided with its proper proportion of great men. But it must be of theft to gratify his passion for gambling or his sensuality or his desire for dis admitted that they are slow in making their appearance. Who is to succeed play, has no semblance of a conscience left. He parted with that troublesome men Prince Bismarck in Germany? Who has taken up the mantle of Victor Hugo in tor in the early days of his stealings, and the reports of his mental suffering and France? Who are to be the successors of Lord Tennyson and Mr. Browning? his total prostration when exposure comes are utter nonsense. Sympathy is wasted As for politics, we do not forget Lord Randolph Churchill and Mr. Chamberlain on such creatures. Of ten defaulting bank cashiers and embezzling brokers who in this country, or Count Kalnoky, M. Tisna, and M. de Freycinet abroad, when have fled to Canada within a few months, nine have been men who hid their ras we say that the nineteenth century-the century of statesmen-shows at present cality under the cloak of religion. They added hypocrisy to their other offenses, and but faint prospect of closing with such a galaxy of great men as that which shed with the daily and hourly consciousness of their deceit and dishonor they have luster over its infancy and its middle age. Let us hope that destiny, in one of its posed as leaders of the church and models for youth. When exposure overtakes freaks, is only waiting till the old heroes are cleared off the board to startle us such offenders they deserve no more consideration from honest men than the pro with a constellation of the young geniuses in peace and war, in letters and in arts. fessional criminal. In most cases it is only lack of physical courage which prevents In the meanwhile we have old men, and may be thankful for them.-London them from joining the criminal class.—San Francisco Chronicle.

Standard.
A NOVEL PLAN OF BURIAL.-General M. C. Meigs, U. S. A., discusses the

THE COMPLETION OF THE BARTHOLDI STATUE.--After nearly three years of burial of the dead as follows in Building:

study and deliberation, the manner of lighting the Bartholdi statue of Liberty I see that the question of disposing of the dead in towers of masonry, or by Enlightening the World” has been definitely decided upon. The plan adopted cementation is being discussed. It is not new. Asiatic conquerors have built the is one which is in conformity with the general design of the statue itself and living, after capture of their cities, into towers of masonry, using their bodies as which will add to its beauty in a marked degree. The torch of the statue will blocks and generally the adobe mortars of the desert plains for cementing them contain eight lamps of 6,000 C. p., the light from which will be thrown directly up together. One of them built a pyramid or tower containing thousands of heads. into the clouds. This powerful beam, together with the cloud illumination, will

The city of New York inters in its Potter's Field about four thousand bodies constitute a beacon which will be visible probably a hundred miles out to sea, and
annually. Europe rents a grave site for a term of years—a short term and then will thus, afar off, be symbolic of the light and liberty to be enjoyed by the visitor
disinters the bones and packs them in a catacomb or a vault. Would not New to our shores. At the foot of the statue four or eight lights of 6,000 c. p. each
York save money and treat its dead with greater respect if it embedded each body will be distributed. Their light will be reflected upon the statue and will illum-
in a mass of Hudson river cement and sand (Béton Coignet)? I find that one inate it brightly. All these arc lamps will be invisible themselves, so that the ob-
half a cubic yard of Béton Coignet will completely enclose the body of a man of jections raised by the river pilots against the blinding effects of the light will be
six feet stature, weighing 200 pounds. The average human being would require entirely removed. Besides the arc lights all around the statue, the diadem upon
even less than thirteen cubic feet. At ruling prices such a sarcophagus would cost the head of the figure of Liberty will contain incandescent lamps, to give the
only two or three dollars. The name and date, a perpetual record and memorial effect of jewels. The whole plan is undoubtedly an excellent one, and can not
of the dead, could be inscribed with letter punches or stamps on the head or foot fail to make the statue even more imposing at night than in the day-time. It is
of the block or sarcophagus. Ranged alongside of each other in contact, and in understood that the American system of lighting is to be used.-Electrical World.
two rows, i. e., two blocks deep, these would build on any suitable plan a fourteen.
foot wall, massive enough and strong enough to be carried to the height of 150
feet.

Thus would be erected, at the rate of nearly 2,000 cubic yards per year, a great
temple of silence, a grand and everlasting monument to those who pass away.
The designs for such a monument seem worthy of the study of our best architects.
It might be a pyramid, a cone, a tower, or a temple or a long gallery like those of ANOTHER PERPETUAL Motion CRANK.—The last paradoxer to discover perpet-
the Italian city of Bologna, the most beautiful cemetery in the world.

ual motion has just been revealed in Springfield, Ohio, by the Globe-Republic of Many years ago the London Architect published the proposal.of an architect to that town. He is a Frenchman of venerable years, but full of fire and, of course, erect by slow degrees and in successive courses a solid pyramid in which, in cells, quite certain that he has done the trick. Unfortunately an accident has happened the dead of London would be enclosed. But this made no provision for memorial to some part of his machine, so that a conclusive demonstration can not yet be inscriptions or visible records. The fourteen-foot wall does this.

given. The Globe-Republic amply sets forth the inventor's belief in the genuineSPAIN AS A REPUBLIC.-Politics in Spain is in a state of complete stagnation, ness of the discovery and therewith prints the opinion of scientific authorities upon and those who discuss the subject are every day forging sensational news and the problem. It is hardly correct, however, to speak, as our esteemed contempoprognostics concerning the future that is awaiting our country. Rumors are also rary does, of perpetual motion as a “dream of science.” It is, in truth, a dream in circulation relative to the alleged infirm health of the Queen-regent, who is of sciolism, not of science. Science knows, and has long known, that the probnow sojourning at Grenada, occupied with the cares and responsibilities of her lem is insoluble in practice, and the reasons for this conclusion are at once so simple position as a mother, without for that reason neglecting the dispatch of affairs of and so conclusive that a remarkable degree of crankiness is needed for the crea, state. The Republican Coalitionists go on, and will continue thus to go on dis tion and maintenance of a belief in the possibility of success. If a man should cussing, per secula seculorum, without coming to a mutual understanding, how appear who declared that he had solved the problem of carrying himself in a ever much some eminent Republicans are working to this end. El Liberal, al basket, it is doubtful whether even the most confirmed perpetual-motion crank though a Republican journal and holding no compromising relations with any would give in his adhesion to the statement. But perpetual motion is, in effect, group, has published by way of inspiration the following programme, which Senor identical with carrying one's self in a basket. Castelar judges would unite all Republicans, without the sacrifice of the special No doubt seeking perpetual motion is an innocent way of wasting time, comaspirations that are the ideal of any one of them. This is the programme: A re paratively speaking. It is decidedly a better way than making dynamite bombs, public; Administrative decentralization; Universal suffrage: An army as small as for instance. The Springfield Frenchman certainly has not discovered perpetual possible, but under the best possible discipline, with large reserves to meet a contin motion, for perpetual motion is an impossibility. To intimate that he may have gency of continental war. In the judgment of Senor Castelar this war is not dis done so is to assert

that action and reaction may possibly not be equal; that two tant; and it would be easy, he thinks, to find ourselves involved in it. Absolute and two may possibly not make four; and so on, indefinitely; and this is non, respect for individual rights. Respect for the vested rights of the clergy, France, No doubt the poor Frenchman has derived a great deal of pleasure and he says, recognizes the latter, and it would be insensate for the country of Torque

satisfaction from his hobby, and no doubt he will go on tinkering with it to the end mada to deny that which is conceded by the country of Voltaire. In a word, it is of the chapter, for paradoxers of his kind are utterly incapable of being set right, the opinion of Senor Castelar that a republic would not be possible in Spain, unless as is obvious when one considers that their peculiar mental condition disables them all Republicans shall declare themselves united upon a programme, and unless the from thinking in straight lines. Probably a time will never come when there will country should see further that it is an outline of government capable, at any mo be no cranks of this harmless character, and they are interesting studies so long as ment, io-day even, of being substituted for the monarchy and regency. To this they are presented for what they really are.-

- New York Tribune, programme Senor Castelar does not at present aspire; far less does he think that

LONG-DISTANCE TELEPHONY.—There is a popular belief that the long-distance one on which Spanish Republicans could unite would be of any long duration. He declares that for himself, and for the country as a republic, it would suffice

telephone is crowding the telegraph to the wall, and only awaits the expiration of that it be accepted for a period of ten or twelve years.Madrid Correspondence

certain contracts to usurp its place altogether; in other words, that the obstacles in

way at present are legal rather than scientific. This seems, however, to be an of Las Novedades, translated for Public Opinión,

error, and we tum to a report of the National Telephone Association, recently site OLD AND YOUNG GREAT MEN.—It would seem as if the work of the world

ting in St. Louis, to prove the correctness of the assertion. By this we find that:

SCIENTIFIC.

sense.

the

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women.

while much is being accomplished in long-distance telephony at various parts of noticed, that the deepest theology of the churches centers more and more in the
the country, it has not reached a point as to efficiency which may be regarded as historic Christ as the living Savior, and that in this respect we are going back to
wholly satisfactory, nor has it yet proved itself formidable in competition with the the old Nicene days. The sure instinct of the early Christian thinkers taught
telegraph. Long-distance telephony may be compared, perhaps not inaptly, with them that Christ Himself was the Gospel, and that in such measure as men could
fast time on the railway. It is possible on the railway to make a mile a minute, appreciate His personality, human and Divine, would their faith be strong and
and still better time is sometimes made both here and abroad, but it has been their salvation sure. To know Christ was their aim. The strength of the present
found undesirable, on economic grounds, to run faster than forty miles the hour. movements in religious thoughts consists in their return to the easiest and better
So in telephony one hundred miles or thereabout seem to be the paying limit at way. The universal celebration among all religious denominations of such days as
present, notwithstanding the fact that a line has been successfully operated between Easter is a sign that men are learning that with the doctrine of the Risen Christ
New York and Chicago, a distance of nearly 1,000 miles, and several others have Christianity stands or falls. It is Christ whom men want—Christ who teaches
been experimented with, each giving more or less satisfaction, according as the human life at every point, and, in so teaching it, lifts earth to heaven. To us it
conditions under which it was operated was favorable or unfavorable. The Wis seems the surest condition and most hopeful sign of religious revival that, with
consin Telephone Company has a line in regular and successful operation 199 miles quickened human sympathies, larger thoughts of God, and an intenser appreciation
in length, the Ohio Valley Company one of 156 miles, the Michigan Bell Company of what Jesus Christ is to mankind, our ministers and teachers and writers are
one of 145 miles, the Great Southern one of 142 miles, and the Central D. & P. making Him to live again among men. Our modes of thought may change, our
Co., of Pittsburgh, one of 135 miles. But, on the other hand, twelve out of the opinions may be modified, we may learn and unlearn many things, but He is the
nineteen principal companies do not possess a single line in successful operation same, yesterday, and to-day, and forever.- Frovidence Journal,
which has a continuous length of 100 miles.-Scientific American.

THEISM AND SUICIDE.—In a volume of criminal statistics which has recently THE WEAR OF NIAGARA.—The American Association for the Advancement of been published in France the chapter devoted to suicide is of particular and painScience, in session at Buffalo, listened to a paper by Professor R. S. Woodward, of ful interest. The number of suicides has been steadily increasing in France, and Washington, on “The Rate of Recession of Niagara Falls.” The Professor said is now nearly twice as large as it was at the beginning of the second half of this that the area of the rock worn away at the Horseshoe Falls between the years 1842 century. Thus, for the ten suicides to every 100,000 inhabitants in 1851, we have and 1875 was 18,500 square feet, equal to .425 acres; between 1875 and 1886, twenty in 1884, and neither times of disaster to France, such as the years of 1870 60,000 square feet, or 1.37 acres. The main length of the contour of the falls is and 1871, nor periods of prosperity, when all industries flourished, make any con2,300 feet. The time required to recede one mile, if the rate is 2.4 feet per year, siderable difference in the sinister records. This state of things is accounted for in is 2,200 years.—Building.

different ways by the various organs, but of course the Francais knows it is all the

fault of secular education. NOTES.--A Flemish academy of sciences and arts is to be established at

“Another ten years of atheist teaching in our schools, Ghent. The government has apppointed the first eighteen academicians.

and the number of suicides will be ten times as large,” is its prediction, and, after Five seats will be reserved for Dutch scholars and writers. The academy

all, the Francais may be right. Theism may be true or false, but is obviously a will be inaugurated on the oth of October by the Belgian minister of fine

barrier against suicide.--Pall Mall Gazette. arts. Professors Fischer and Penzoldt, of Erlangen, have established the NOTES.—By the death of Mr. Samuel Morley many philanthropic institutions in curious fact that the sense of smell is by far the most delicate of the senses. They London and Bristol lose a great supporter. It is said he gave away between £20,find that the olfactory nerve is able to detect the presence of 1–2,760,000,000 of a 000 and £30,000 yearly. The Congregationalists will also miss him, as twentygrain of mercaptan. According to observations made in Munich on a zinc four of their chapels in the metropolis were indebted to him as their founder. roof which had been in use for twenty-seven years it is estimated that such a roof The English Church Missionary Society has received the sad tidings of the death I 48th of an inch in thickness would last for 1,243 years. It was found that the

of Mr. O'Flaharty, of Uganda Mission, Central Africa, while on the Red Sea, rerust of zinc, instead of hastening, like iron rust, the oxidation on the metal under turning to England. The Zoeintza, a Christian newspaper published in Bulneath, really protected it. Carl Meyers made from the fair-grounds in Frank garia, has been suppressed by the Turkish government. The Evangelical Allin, Pa., on Wednesday, Sept. 8, the first ascension known with natural gas, the liance of Japan has 168 churches organized, 57 of the number being wholly selfballoon rising just one mile, and sailing about one hour. A New York watch supporting. The native ordained ministers number 60; unordained, 113. The maker says that the multitude of telegraph, telephone, and electric-light wires in total church membership is 10,775, besides 903 baptized children. The total large cities has much to do with the variations and stopping of watches that hith number of foreign missionaries is 280, of whom 110 are men and 74 unmarried erto have been good time-keepers. Electro-plating with silver upon wood is

The adult converts baptized in 1885 number 3,115. The Protestant now successfully performed, the process being adapted to handles of all kinds, in churches of Britain, America and the continent of Europe have 3,000 ordained cluding canes and umbrella-sticks. Los Angeles, Cal., is to have an electrical missionaries; 730 laymen; 2,500 women laboring in all parts of the heathen and railway. Boston takes some pride in its elevator run by electricity, and is go Mohammedan world. These are now preaching the gospel in twenty times as ing to operate at least a score more that way, to begin with. The application is far many languages as were spoken on the day of Pentecost. If these 6,230 agents from new, however, except to Boston. New York city has had such elevators for were distributed among the 870 millions of heathen and 170 millions of Mohamyears, and Mr. Stephen D. Field ran one in San Francisco in the seventies. We medans, it would give 167,000 to each missionary. Twenty-six thousand native are inclined to think that one of the largest fields of utility for the motor will be in converts are employed as evangelists among their own countrymen, and 2,500 as operating elevators, especially in private houses and smaller office buildings that ordained pastors of native churches. A lady has placed the sum of $200,000 can not afford the expensive plant now required.-Electrical World. The in the hands of Rev. H. S. Hoffman and Mr. C. M. Morton for the purpose of espower for the Windsor (Toronto) Electric Railroad costs but $2 per day. The tablishing in West Philadelphia a divinity school for the Reformed Episcopal cquipment cost $9,000 for 142 miles of road; the receipts are $500 per month; so Church. The “Minutes of Conference," just issued, shows the strength of that, after paying all expenses, a profit of 75 per cent. is realized.- Electrical Re Methodism at home and abroad. Great Britain-Members, 412,384; on trial, view. The number of telegrams sent annually over the English telegraph 28,531 ; ministers, 1,607 ; on trial, 81; supernumeraries, 282. Ireland—Memlines has increased from 9,000,000 in 1870 to 34,000,000 in 1885-a pretty good bers, 24,644; on trial, 725; ministers. 173; on trial, 21; supernumeraries, 42. showing for government control.-Electrical Review. L'Astronomie records Foreign Missions-Members, 39,924; on trial, 4,274; ministers, 221; on trial, a fall of luminous rain during a thunder-storm at Sotteville; that is to say, the drops 113; supernumeraries, 7. French Conference-Members, 1,592; on trial, 76; on touching the ground produced flashes of red and violet light. Similar phenom-ministers, 28; on trial, 1; supernumeraries, 4. South African Conference—Memena have been previously recorded. Herr L. Solenche having shown experi bers, 23,547; on trial, 8,611; ministers, 119; on trial, 51; supernumeraries, 10. mentally that the friction of ice and water results in the positive electrification of West Indian Conference—Members, 43,317 ; on trial, 1,807 ; ministers, 67; on ice, and consequent negative electrification of water, considers it ble that the probation, 18. Totals–Members, 536,408; on trial, 44,024; ministers, 2,215; friction of cumulus and cirrus clouds may be sufficient to account for thunder-storms. on trial, 285; supernumeraries, 345. The number of ministers and members in

the Australasian Church and in the Methodist Church of Canada are not included
in the above. The Jesuits number in the United States about 1,200. Of these
a large proportion are novices or scholastics. The membership of the society
throughout the world is about 10,000. The religious press is almost unani-
mous in recommending the institution of a “ Tyndale Day," on the 17th of Octo-

ber, to commemorate the great martyr translator of the Scriptures, as other great Do WE WANT A New THEOLOGY ?-Do we want a new theology? Yes and reformers-Luther, Knox and Wicliffe—have days set. There are 11 churches

Old it will prove when we have found it, as the oracle which first uttered it and 36 Sabbath schools in Utah. One person in 20 in Colorado is a church froin heaven; yet new, as it comes with freshness and power to men's hearts and member, one in 657 in New Mexico and one in 685 in Arizona. The number ininds. The oldest things are always the newest; and it can not but be that in of students in Union Theological Seminary, for the current year, will be ten or the fresh realization of the infinite truth there should be variations. Hence, as a twelve in excess of that of last year, which was one hundred and twenty-one. mitter of fact, there have been change and progress in theology, among the most The Central Association of Free Baptists of New York has adopted resolutions orthodox and devout, from age to age. The Nicene fathers in their great discussions favoring union between the Free Baptists and the Christians of New York, Pennlaid stress on many points which have passed from our sphere of thought, and on sylvania and New Jersey. There are 1,476 churches in New England with a other questions which to us are vital they bestowed no attention at all. The con menbership of 214,497 members contributing $1,630,891. South Dakota troversy between the elder and the younger generations is perennial. We can hardly already has over 100 Congregational churches. The citizens of Des Moines understand how the questions which absorbed the minds of men fifty years ago have are making great preparations for the coming meeting of the American Board. ceased to interest the present generation, and that other problems have arisen which The only religious weekly published in Japan is called the Christian, could not have been thought of a generation ago. Every thinking man who has Within the eleven years since the Livingstonia Mission of the Scotch Free Church

passed middle life could give the history of almost-forgolten discussions on which was started on Lake Nyasa, in Central Africa, Great Britain has found a market in | he was hotly eager, but which now rage no more because the questions are settled, that region for over one-half million yards of cottons, twenty-five tons of beads,

or because they are pronounced in:pluble, or because the combatants have pro seven tons of soap, besides quantities of other articles. Á half century ago in claimed a truce; they do not touch the heart of religion or interfere with the great Turkey it was considered a shame for a woman to read. Today two schools for realities of faith and love. One enėdiraging thing amidst all the debates is to be girls at Constantinople have been established by the sultan himself, The Y

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M. C. A. at Osaka, Japan, has secured enough money to complete their association and nervous systems are especially affected. There is no doubt that there are building. The association at Beirut, Syria, is making an effort to secure an asso cases of dyspepsia caused by the inordinate use of strong tea; and it is also a mais ciation building to cost $5,000. The members have already subscribed $1,000. ter of common observation that sleeplessness, palpitation of the heart, and nervous The New Britain, Conn., association will put up a building at once, to cost with irritability often follow the prolonged use of this beverage

. Tea-drinkers, by which lot $40,000. The Christian community in India is increasing at the rate of we mean those who use tea to excess, are to be found in all classes of society. The 872 per cent. a year, and therefore doubles every twelve years. In Greenland fact should be impressed upon such persons that tea is not a food and can not, there are 7,000 Esquimaux converts under the fostering care of the Danish Mis therefore, without risk to health, be substituted for articles of diet which form both sionary Society. The first Young Men's Christian Association was organized flesh and bone. Science, last December, in Foo Choo. Another organization was effected March 11, at Shanghai, On the first week in July the mission-ship, Harmony, set out from

NOTES.-Frozen milk is now given to patients suffering with irritable stomachs, London on its twenty-sixth annual voyage to Labrador, laden with gifts for the

and is retained when all other substances are thrown off. Ten thousand cases Moravian missionaries and the native Christians. Despite the weakness at

of cholera occurred in Japan during the first six months of this year, of which tendant upon his eighty-five years, Cardinal Newman still rises at half past four

7,803 were fatal. During the preceding six months 12,000 cases occurred, with every morning and makes up his bed. The Episcopal Church will celebrate

7,152 deaths. The disease is now prevailing in Osaka and Yokohama, the mortality the centennial anniversary of its formal ganization in 1889. The tower of a

varying from sixty to seventy-five per cent. The Journal of Reconstruction new church, at Wilkesbarre, Pa., which was dedicated only a few months ago, is

states that an infant loses from three to six ounces in weight during the first four to said to have settled, owing to the recent earthquake shocks, which were per

six days after birth; by the seventh day it should have regained its birth-weight; ceptibly felt in that locality, and the doors of the church have been closed until a

from that to the fifth month it ought to gain about five ounces per week, or about careful investigation of the masonry of the tower has been made.

six drams a day; after the fifth month, about four drams a day; at the fifth month it ought to have doubled its birth-weight, and in sixteen months quadrupled it. General Lord Wolseley was one of the most interested visitors to Mr. Succi

, the Italian faster, possibly with a view to using his “elixir” in future campaigas on MEDICAL.

the Nile, Mr. Succi, by the way, made only about $1,200 by his thirty days' exhibition. The death is announced of Dr. Sampson Gamgee, the eminent sur

geon of Birmingham, son of the famous veterinary surgeon of Edinburgh, He THE SEASON OF MALARIA.- These are the days when that vague and scarce defined

was the author of the “ Hospital Saturday” collection system.
scourge which is everywhere known as “malaria” runs rioting through the bones
and tissues of humanity. The visitation is endured in silence, as one without
remedy, by the greater number of those who suffer. A few there are each year
who droop and die under “ malaria's” baleful influence. Undoubtedly the rank

STATISTICAL,
and poisonous accumulations due to the persistent heat of the summer exert a more
malignant and deadly power for evil during dull, hazy autumn days. But there is
also scarcely a doubt that much of the disease and depression of spirits currently

THE WORLD'S CONSUMPTION OF MEAT.-An economist of repute, Pedro S. Laascribed to malarial poisoning arise from exposure under unfavorable conditions to

mas, has summed up the total quantity of meat consumed in the world. There are, the scorching heat of midday and the chill atmosphere of the night. During the

he finds, on the surface of the globe 47,500,000 head of cattle and 105,000,000 of time immediately subsequent to the autumnal equinox there is an excessive vari.

sheep. Europe and Algeria provide 25,000,000 of cattle and 50,000,000 of sheep; ation of temperature during the twenty-four hours of each day. At night the

Australia, New Zealand, and the Cape, 2,500,000 of cattle and 20,000,000 of earth parts rapidly with the solar heat received by the soil during the day, and the

sheep; the United States and Canada, 9,375,000 cattle and 9,750,000 sheep; the radiation is frequently so rapid that the extremes of temperature for the day are

Argentine Republic and Uruguay, 6,000,000 cattle and 24,000,000 sheep; and · widely divergent, a difference of from 250 to 300 being not uncommon even in

Central America, 4,250,000 cattle and 1,250,000 sheep. Having allowed a per: this section of the country, where the ocean greatly modifies and tends to equalize

centage for the reproduction of species, M. Lamas fixes the yearly consumption of climatic conditions. This marked difference between midday and midnight

beef at 7,930,000,000 kilograms (each kilogram being about 2 1-5 pounds), and of temperature should not be unheeded or ignored. Those who necessarily must be

mutton at 10,550,000,000 kilograms. Comparing these figures with the popula

. brought into contact with violent contrasts of heat and cold need to conform their

tions, in the five great groups into which he has divided the cattle and sheep habits of living and their attire to the changed conditions of atmosphere if they

world, he finds that every inhabitant of La Plata has 160 kilos of beef and 56 kilos would escape malarial infection. They take cold because of insufficient protection

of inutton at his disposal each year; in the United States and Canada it is 23 kilos from the variations of temperature that mark each day; then another exposure

of beef and 2 of mutton; in Europe it is 15 of beef and 2 of mutton; and in Cen. confirms the first attack, and, unless speedily checked, pneumonia or consumption Republic they eat 60 kilos a head and export 156; in Australia a similar quantity

tral America it is 14 of beef and a quarter of a kilo of mutton. In the Argentine develops as a consequence. It is the chill that is fatal, not the heat. Perhaps the surest safeguard from the physical ills that follow continued exposure during the

is consumed and 56 kilos exported; while every citizen of the United States wants changesul autumn season is to be found in the persistent wearing of underwear

7 kilos of foreign meat to augment the annual consumption of 25 kilos. The averthat is exclusively woolen. Thus protected, a chill is next to impossibility, for the

age consumption in Europe is 18 kilos per head and I kilo imported. She gets pores of the skin can not become clogged unless the exudations remain upon the

180,000,000 kilos from Australia, 260,000,000 from the United States and Canada, surface. Woolen underwear takes up the insensible perspiration of the body, im

and 14,000,000 from the Argentine Republic. North America, it seems, oversells

itself.- Frank Leslie's Illustrated Weekly. parting a grateful feeling of warmth without undue moisture. It should be worn, during the autumn season at least, to the exclusion of all other fabrics. If a sud THE WORLD'S Blinn.—The world's blind are computed to number about den cold should be taken, the remedy most approved in home practice-five to 1,000,000, or about one sightless person to every 1,400 inhabitants. In Austria ten drops of oil of tar on a lump of sugar-should be taken without delay. In one person to every 1,785 is blind, in Sweden, one in every 1,418; in France, nine cases out of ten this simple mendicament will be all that will be required. A one in every 1,191'; in Prussia, 1,111; in England, one in every 1,037. The prolittle care and attention during the critical days of autumn may enable the most portion is greatest in Egypt

, where, in Cairo, there is one blind person to 20 inbabsensitive individual to encounter the severe winter season without experiencing any itants ; while in New Zealand it falls to one in every 3,550 inhabitants. Germany “malarial” symptoms whatever.— Philadelphia Record.

has the greatest number of institutes for the blind, 35; England has 16; France

, THE FAMOUS LOCANA TWINS.—The twins of Locana, who have been shown in 13; Austria-Hungary, 10; Italy, 9; Belgium, 6;' Australia, 2; while America, almost every town of Europe as the successors of the renowned Siamese twins, are

Asia, and Africa together are said to possess only 6. at present dying in Vienna, or at least are very ill

. These twins, now aged ten, are united from the sixth rib downwards. They have but one abdomen and a single pair of legs. One of these is under Jacob's control, the other under that of John. They can not walk and can not easily keep their balance. One is much stronger and healthier than the other and eats more; it is Jacob and he keeps his brother alive. Some time ago both quarreled over a toy, and John got so excited

Tue DEPLORABLE CONDITION OF Our NAVY.—The condition of the Navy is that he fell into a state of syncope or trance from which he did not recover till the next day. He had already had an illness of the same kind and Virchow, of Ber

far worse than the public generally suppose it to be. There seems to be an idea lin, had prognosticated that a second one would kill him. This Jacob knew well; that the newspapers have exaggerated its inefficiency, and that we are not quite so so, of course, the illness of his brother (an apparently lifeless body) gave him alí badly off as some of the journals of the day assert.''The fact is, the situation is the more concern, since the death of his brother would but shortly precede his own.

worse than it has been painted. According to Mr. Wilson, the chief constructor of The physicians are doing their best to save the unfortunate children. Of course,

the Department, the Tennessee, which is the only ship in the service now classed no operation can be thought of in the present case. Even in that of the Siamese

as first rate, has not more than half a year of life before her. This classification of twins there were great difficulties attending a surgical intervention, and before it

such a vessel

, which so high a naval authority declares will be worthless in six was resolved to intervene death had already done its work. If the twins recover

months, is ludicrous, Four of the other wooden vessels he estimates will last ten they will go to the States where they were engaged, it is said, at the rate of six

years; nine other ones six years, and another eleven only five years. Those ves thousand dollars per year; if not, their skeleton is already promised to a London

monitors in so dilapidated a sta:e that they can not put to sea, are all that we

sels, with three third-rate iron ships, three small fourth-rate vessels and a dozen anatomical museum for eight thousand pouncls.—Science,

have to boast of in the way of a Navy. No great country with any pretensions to EFFECT OF TEA ON HEALTH.-The consumption of tea has become so enor being a naval power, was ever in so wretched and defenseless a condition, as far mous as to have suggested a study of its effects upon the health of the people. as ships are concerned, as we are at the present time. Not to name any one o There are those who look upon it as an evil only second to that connected with the

the great European nations we should, in the event of hostilities, be at the merc excessive use of alcohol. Tea is spoken of as an agreeable cerebral stimulant, of small and insignificant states like Chili and other South American countries quickening intellectual operations, removing headache and fatigue, and promoting No American worthy of the name can wish to see his country continue any longe cheerfulness and a sense of well-being. When it is used to xcess the digestive I than is necessary in so humiliating a position. The beginning we have-made i

FINANCE AND COMMERCE.

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No. Failures.

Actual Assets.

Liabilities.

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United States.

1886, 1885.

1886.

1886.

1885.

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1,780 1,806

Middle..
Southern,
Paciic
Western

663

747

190

338

Totals

914 392

984 258

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excellent, and Mr. Whitney is rendering a most important and valuable service to and Long Branch. Since his death she has been run as a general excursion boat
the country in insisting that the new vessels shall be up to the standard in every in New York and Boston waters. Five hundred shares of mining stock were
particular. He is laying not only the solid foundation of a Navy but the founda traded for a watermelon at Deadwood, D. T., the other day. Watered melon and
tion of an enduring fame for himself. The new cruisers are all very well in their watered stock make a pretty good stand off. The new assessed valuation of
way, but they are not, however, all the country needs for its defense. They should | Chicago is $150,000,000, while all the remaining cities of Illinois are assessed upon
be supplemented by some heavy armored vessels which shall be able to engage on a valuation of only $54,000,000. It is stated that the general introduction of
something like equal terms the monster ships of the great naval powers. With our natural gas at Pittsburgh has caused a falling off of the coal trade of 1,000 car
traditional policy of peace and friendship with all peoples, and abstinence from loads a day. A syndicate has made a proposition to Philadelphia Councils,
the quarrels and entanglements that disturb the relations to one another of other offering to lease the gas-works for a term of years, paying a yearly rental of
nations, together with our disposition to settle every vexatious question that may $1,000,000, and reducing the price of gas to consumers by $200,000 a year.
arise by arbitration, a foreign war is a most remote contingency. Still, we can not They promise to spend $3,000,000 within five years in improvements. If this
see very far into the future and we should be prepared for whatever may arise. scheme is carried out, the next step will probably be to lease the city water-works
We have no need for a great navy like that of England, but we owe it to ourselves to some private company. A silk factory is just being completed at Belding,
as a people to have such a one as will be able to maintain our rights whenever it Michigan. It will give employment to 300 hands, a large proportion of whom
shall become necessary to do so.—The Hour. ·

will be imported. The investigition into the affairs of William Gray, Jr., the

Boston defaulter, shows that while his fortune was estimated at a half million or
THE RECORD OF FAILURES.Bradstreet's, in its issue of October 2, presents the
following table, showing the comparative number of failures for the first nine months

more, everything was covered with mortgages to such an extent that nothing
of 1886, as against those for the same period in 1885:

can be realized from it. This leads the Springfield Republican to say: “Thus
men spread on a hollow pretense of financial solidity, swimming on bladders far
beyond their depth or power to return. So it happens that a man who had not

$5,000 he could call his own, not only cut the figure of a millionaire in the world,

1885.
Eastern.
939 1,105

but was looked to and trusted with great interests as
$5,360,589 $4,468,916 $13,809,662 $11,649,254

strong man,' great business 9,109,257 13,740,656 20,535,406 27,629,417

man,' and a. practical financier.' Recent events show a curious spectacle of the 1,308 1,613 6,960,153 8,772,614 13,044,386 18,871,490 comparative effects of financial crime subjectively or upon those guilty of it. Gray

2,632,082 3,036,999 5,161,693 5,901,010 2,485 2,914 12,395,248

shot himself. Snelling pleaded guilty and went to State-prison. So did Gould of

12,829,712 22,987,254 25,249,514
Territories
948,426 1,015,873 1,593,238 1,675,673 Portland, while Bartholomew became what the Weekly Underwriter tenderly

calls “that lonely old man in Montreal.” The total domestic exports for July
7,582 8,423 $37,397,056 $43,864,800 $77,110,644 $90,976,358

and August amounted in value to $102,000,000, a gain of $15,000,000 over the
Canada and Provinces.....

4,290,103 3,391,167 8,325,764 7,190,967 same months last year. Late Engligh advices speak encouragingly of an im-
New York city
2,566,142 5,131,996 6,377,223 9,112,283

provement in nearly all the industries of that country. If such expectations are
THE GROWTH OF THE USE OF NATURAL GAS.-Two years ago not more than realized a revival of the heavy export movement in grain may not only be ex-
six rolling mills and steel works in the United States used natural gas as fuel; now pected, but also an advance in the price of breadstuffs and provisions. There
we have a record of 68 rolling mills and steel works which use the new fuel, and is no unfavorable sign to be seen anywhere in trade. Every indication suggests
of 16 which are making preparations to use it. Every rolling mill and steel works returning prosperity and the departure of the long-continued period of depression.-
in Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, 55 in all, now uses natural gas. In western Philadelphia Inquirer. The Financial Chronicle shows that 153 new banks
Pennsylvania outside of Allegheny county it is used in 12 mills and steel works ; have been organized this year, and that since 1882, 751 banks have come into ex-
and seven others, including the rolling mill and Gautier departments of the Cam. istence, with an average capital of about $ 105,000. A natural gas field has
bria Iron Works, 79 miles east of Pittsburgh, are preparing to use it. One rolling been discovered and partially developed at the foot of Lake Huron, Mich., within
mill in Ohio is now using it, and eight mills are getting ready to use it. At Wheel the precincts of the city of Port Huron, at a depth of a little more than 500 feet,
ing, West Virginia, one mill is making arrangements to introduce it. In all but a and two wells that have been sunk and given a great flow of gas exhibit a pressure
very few of the mills and steel works referred to natural gas is used as fuel ex of 180 pounds to the square inch. This find is regarded as affording great promise
clusively.Iron and Steel Directory,

for manufacturing purposes and for salt-making in that region. The Prince of
FOREIGN ENTERPRISE.During the past few months, a number of enterprising

Wales proposes to found a Colonial and Indian Institute in honor of the Queen's
French manufacturers have formed a syndicate for the purpose of increasing the jubilee.
export of French manufactures, and securing an increased market for the product
of French industries, with various countries of the world. This syndicate proposes
to send inspectors to all countries where they can practically be introduced, and

EDUCATION.
then to install a representative where there may be a demand for manufactured
goods, This representative is provided with catalogues, which he is expected to
place where they will be of use, and at the same time he is to gather such infor TEMPERANCE INSTRUCTION IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS.—The increasing interest in
mation as may be required. Various similar syndicates have already been formed

the subject of teaching “physiological temp ence” in the public schools led the
in Germany. -Industries.

Journal of Education of Boston and Chicago to devote its entire space last week
NOTES.—The Dominion government has paid $1,000,000 to the Hudson Bay to the publication of various well-known authorities on the subject. Their views
Company and $600,000 to the Canadian Pacific Railroad Company, in adjustment are briefly expressed below:
of claims for damages by the Riel rebellion. Speaker Carlisle announces his Miss Frances E. Willard says nothing so good has ever before happened to
entire willingness to make tariff reduction the only issued between parties. the children of America. They are to be taught about themselves—the greatest
Twenty years ago there were 11,520 patent-medicine venders in the United empire over which they will be called to rule. The wisdom of beginning with
Kingdom, and that trade yielded the government an annual revenue of $300,000. the beginners is the crowning wisdom of the plan, and will increase, beyond all
Now there are 22,279 venders, and the revenue amounts to nearly $900,000. computation, the sum of human happiness. I would organize them into health
The Canadian Pacific Company is building five miles of snow sheds in the Rocky clubs and teach the gospel of purity, and show the relation between a sound body
Mountains at an estimated cost of $1,500,000, a fact which suggests one item of and a sound mind; would teach that alcohol and nicotine are the attractive ingre-
the expense of operating railways over the snowy ranges of the great continental dients in intoxicating liquors and tobacco; that both are harmful because both are
divide. In the opinion of the New Orleans Picayune, “ Wall street leads to poisons, injurious to the tissues of the body and the temper of the soul.
Canada,” and in some respects it resembles the road going down from Jerusalem Hon. Byron McCutcheon, Member of Congress from Michigan, says that teach-
to Jericho. Dr. Aveling says that “if every man received the value of his ing the principles of temperance in the public schools is thoroughly philosophical.
labor there would be no capitalists." Has it ever occurred to the doctor that if

All thinking men agree that intemperance is the great social evil of the age,
there was no capitalists there would be vastly less opportunity to labor? Labor affecting vitally the interests of the State.
should be better paid, qut the abolition of capital would mean the paralysis of en 1. It degrades the individual citizen and units him for the duties and responsibilities
terprise.- New York iVorld. It costs nearly $200,000 every year to move of citizenship.
the Viceroy of India and his government from Calcutta to Simla during the hot

2. It is the most proliflo cause of lawlessness, pauperism, and crime.

3. It is the great destroyer of national wealth.
season, and back again when the cool weather sets in. Lord Dufferin has just 4. It is the most common and the most dangerous agent for the corruption of the elec-
sent in a bill of this amount, and the natives protest. Bonanza Mackay hopes tive franchise,
to create out of the Postal Telegraph Company a system as extensive as the West This cry for temperance teaching is the echo of God's primordial decree, “ Let
ern Union, and predicts that in doing so he will reduce rates to such an extent as there be light!” It is the pleading of millions of children, beseeching that they
to do away with business letter-writing inside of three years. His most ambitious may not be sent naked, without shield or armor, into the battle of life to contend
plan is to build a line through to San Francisco, and he promises New York busi against odds not only with the open and disclosed enemy, but also with those that lie
ness men to send twenty words for every dollar before the ist of next January. in ambush and assail them in disguise. It is the appeal of hundreds of thousands
The scheme of establishing a direct line of passage from the Atlantic Ocean to of the noblest and purest women in behalf of their homes, their offspring, their al-
the Pacific across country from the mouth of the Amazon to Lima, in Peru, is again tars, and their firesides. It is the plea of the home, the church, and the school
under consideration. The war between Chili and Peru interrupted the work, combined that if our tender and helpless ones must run the gauntlet of the army
which was in progress from 1871 to 1879, but the projectors seem confident that of alcohol they may at least be forewarned and upon guard against the lurking
they will not again meet with a similar obstruction. China intends to issue a danger.
loan of $50,000,Coo for the construction of railways in the empire. During Mrs. Mary H. Hunt, Superintendent of the Educational Department of the W.
the year 1885, 24,000 hammocks were shipped to the lInited States from Yucatan. C. T. U., thinks that those interested in the cause should favor such teaching,

The well-known excursion steamer - Plymouth Rock” is to be broken up for books, charts, and diagrams as decidedly emphasize the physiological phases of
junk. She was built in New York in 1854, and was of 1,607.58 tons burden. temperance and which lead to the clearest and strongest convictions of the dangerous
For years she ran on the Fall River Line. About 1875, James Fisk, Jr., purchased and poisonous nature of alcoholic drinks, and of their effects upon the human sys-
her, and converted her into a palatial excursion steamer to run between New York tem. She believes that the basis of the proposed education should be an intelligent

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The new

come.

RAILROADS.

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knowledge of what alcohol is—its presence and unchanged character in the popu women, founded on private capital, is contemplated in Moscow, if the government lar beverages in which it is ordinarily found; and followed by physiological law as

will sanction the scheme, which proposes to have three faculties--a mathematical

, a tangible reason for tolal abstinence.

a natural history one (with medicinal studies), and a philological Horace G. Wadlin, who had charge of the bill in the Massachusetts House of freshman class at Vassar College is not only the largest that has even entered the Representatives, says the statute requiring special instruction to be given in the institution, but its standard of scholarship is pronounced very high. There public schools as to the effect of alcoholic drinks and narcotics on the human sys

are seventy-three students now in the Harvard Annex for Women, with more to tem, considered as a part of anti-liquor legislation, is the first attempt to strike by

Schools of technology are indispensable adjuncts of industrial progress, law at the root of the evil of intemperance. Any teacher competent to instruct in and it is a happy sign that is furnished of the manufacturing fever in Georgia by other branches will find that the essential truths of physiology and hygiene may be

the strong efforts of citizens of Atlanta to secure the location there of a technolo.
easily taught, even to young children. If the movement toward this sort of instruc gical institute built apart from an independent or any other college or university.
tion in the public schools be thought experimental merely, it at least proposes an
experiment worth trying, which, as we have shown, is direct in its purpose and
conservative in spirit.

Prof. Orestes M. Brands thinks that legislators have taken a step in advance of
Spartan methods, and decreed in many States that Physiology and Hygiene,
with special reference to the effects of Narcotics and Stimulants upon the Human
System,” shall be taught in every school and to all of the pupils. That is to say,

METAL TIES FOR RAILROADS.—The Mexican (Veracruz) Railway Company, not only shall the pupils receive instruction regarding the evil effects upon health,

has in an experience of two years thoroughly tested steel ties, says the Mexican &c., of unwholesome food, bad air, impure water ; but that the baneful nature of

Financier, and the opinion of Superintendent Foote will be read with interest,

especially in the United States, where the merits of metal ties are under discusother and apparently still more noxious agents shall also be made known by means of physiologic and hygienic teachings.'

sion. The Veracruz road, says Mr. Foote, began using steel ties in 1884, and has

now some 20,000 of them on its road-bed, some on level country and others on Herbert Spencer says: "Perhaps nothing will so much hasten the time when body and mind will both be adequately cared for as a diffusion of the belie

what would on any other than the Veracruz be considered heavy grades. So satthe preservation of health is a duty. Few seem conscious that there is such a thing isfactory has the experiment been that 40,000 more of these ties have been ordered as physical morality. With these facts in mind, the teacher should adapt his

from England for use this year, and it is proposed to put in from 40,000 to 50,000

per year hereafter. The change from wooden to steel ties is being made entirely methods so that they may be most effective in impressing the truths upon the

in the interest of economy, and it is calculated that in a few years

the permanent minds of the young—the coming men and women.” Rev. A. F. Newton, of Marlborough, Mass., says:

section gangs on the road can be replaced by traveling gangs who will be able to “ Which - how?' Not so

keep the road in order, the number of men to be employed under the new system, much how to teach temperence in the public schools, as how to get it taught there.

being only 50 per cent. of those embraced in the present permanent section sys. The teacher must be a master of the subject, good text-books and charts must be

The « life” of a steel tie is considered as indefinite, but it may be safely set employed, and a reasonable amount of time given to the study and the recitation.

at from thirty to fifty years, the former being an American estimate by a competent Temperance instruction must be taught the teachers, and the teachers of the

metallurgist. The steel tie is now produced in England—where the manufacture. teachers. We need a Professor Walton in the temperance world as we have had

has been so extended as to make the production very much cheaper than for-T: him in the mathematical world."

Axel Gustafson, author of “ The Foundation of Death,” says that all is taught merly—for five shillings apiece, or $1.25 gold.—The Railway Review.
should be in accordance with the latest researches and information; and should NOTE).—Turkey is very poorly supplied with railways. With a population of
be of practical use and applicability.

over 42,000,000 and an area of some 2,406,000 square miles, or nearly 80 per cent, Albert F. Blaisdell, M. D., says: “ Take great pains to have teaching strictly of of the area of the United States, her railway system, at last accounts, aggregated an impersonal nature. Remember that your pupils represent households of every

less than 1,100 miles. The working expenses of all the British railways for degree of ignorance, intelligence, bigotry, and tolerance. As a teacher it is not the year 1885 were 53 per cent of the gross receipts, while those of the railways your business to utter any word or make any comment or suggestion in school in the United States were over 65 per cent. Considering the thinly settled charwhich could be construed as personal. Never tolerate any word, hint, or look acter of much of our own country this difference is not at all surprising. which might reflect upon the character or occupation of any person. The least John Wanamaker, the Philadelphia merchant, who has just returned from Europe, indulgence in such conduct will antagonize any good you may hope to do." says that a study of the new system of railroad operations in Germany, where the

James Johonnot says the causes of intemperance are too deep to be removed roads are under government administration, convinces him that the service of prioff-hand. The absolute time when it shall disappear from the world belongs to vate corporations is far preferable. There, if a traveler complains, he at once sets the millenium. It will die with all other human ills. The forces of nature are

himself against the government. The trains neither start on time nor come in on working against it, and the intelligence of man is aiding. To teachers is relegated time, and, with few exceptions, the express trains are as slow as the way trains on the rare privilege of doing the greatest amount of direct work to eradicate the American roads. In 1884 there were 284,115,862 passengers carried by the evil. With the privilege comes the obligation, and the teacher who, either through

railroads in New York City; and, as statistics show an annual increase of twenty example or ignorance, neglects this duty is unfit for his place.

millions in the number of passengers carried, the railroads should receive a total Rev. J. E. Fullerton believes that this new branch comes into our curriculum of at least 320,000,000 fares during the sent year. At five cents each, this representing the most passionate interests, earnest endeavor, and most noble prayer

would give sixteen million dollars a New York's car-fare bill for 1886. of a host of noble men and women. The motive in pushing its introduction is the loftiest philanthropy. A thoughtful teacher must feel a baptism of the most disinterested desire to do good and shield the young from the drink habit, and enlist them on the side of temperance, as a high and sacred trust. The new study represents the conviction that there is special danger to the young. Hygienic temperance instruction has surely a practical bearing on health, habits, and morals. A. B. Palmer, M. D., of the University of Michigan, thinks that the use of nar

A MAN WITH FORTY LIVINGS. I don't know when I have been more forcibly cotics, from its extent and the character of the effects produced, is certainly one of

struck by the absurdity of certain English customs, than on reading in a morning the most profoundly important subjects which can engage public attention. As to

paper that the notorious young nobleman who arrived in this city a week ago has the natural inclination to take narcotics, and the argument in favor of their use, he

forty livings in his gift. That a dissolute fellow who leaves a wife at home while

he tags around the country at the heels of a variety actress, the wife of another says

be questioned whether the impulse is really natural, aside from the may sensations they produce, and the habit their use induces. Heredity has an influ man, should be responsible for the appointment of forty clergymen to as many ence in determining inclinations; but all hereditary influences are not good. The parishes—that he should select the spiritual adviser for some 60,000 souls—is so “sins ”—the evil conditions, as well as the good ones 5-of the fathers are visited

flagrant an absurdity that I can but wonder at a social system that makes it possiupon the children,

ble, and the temper

of a people who can submit to it. It is an outrage to decency J. T. Edwards, LL.D., of Chamberlain Institute, Randolph, N. Y., sums up his

which no amount of tradition can justify. It is bad enough to put such power in ideas as follows: “Humanity has long tried a costly experiment with alcoholic

the hands of an ordinarily incompetent man, but when it is given up to a man of liquors. The whole world has been the laboratory, men of every age and rank

the type of the one in question, it is time for right-minded Englishmen to demand the experimenters. History contains the terrible record of observations made, a change.—Lounger," in the New York Critic. and conclusions reached. Over all has hung a mocking spirit of deceit, which has too often vailed the truth. A weird and wonderful spell has seemed to paralyze many foreign tradesmen were favored with less American patronage than in

THE FOREIGN MUSIC TEACHER. I alluded some time ago to the fact that a good the judgments of men and hold them in thraldom, in spite of evidence and reason.

I am sorry to note that I can not say as much in respect of our One of the most encouraging results is the recent legislation of many States pro countrywomen dealing with foreign singing teachers. I specify singing teachers viding for instruction to the young in regard to the nature and effects of alcohol. because I consider that students of instrumental music have better opportunities to In no other department of text-books have publishers shown, for the last five years, such zeal and activity as in the preparation of clear and instructive manuals relative ing teachers of Europe are, as a rule, mere money-getters

, with little talent and

secure a thorough and inexpensive education abroad than at home. But the sing, to this subject."

less principle. From their own abiding place, where they are well known, they H. L. Reade, of Connecticut, says: “Of all branches of study taught in our pub receive few pupils ; their money is drawn, as a rule, from foreign sources, what lic schools this is, by all odds, the most important. Better fail in Euclid than fail Parisians and Milanese regard as of character. Therefore, the fundamental facts with regard to this drink curse

" provincial” folk being attracted by the an.

nouncement that one or two of the successful prima donnas of the day have toiled should be put where they will stay through time, and bear fruit for the forever.” under the particular teacher of their choice. If American girls desirous of studying

NOTES.-James Russell Lowell will deliver the oration at the two hundred and abroad could but hear the criticisms passed upon foreign teachers by local critics fiftieth anniversary of Harvard, which will be observed with unusual honors early

and musicians there would be a sad falling off in the incomes of many maestros in November, P. T. Barnum is to give a new schoolhouse, built on new

and antiquated song birds.-F. A. S., in Paris Letter, New York Times, plans, to the town of Bridgeport, Conn. It is reported that a university for Notes.—Mr. William F. Apthorp will deliver a dozen lectures on "Music" be

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MUSIC AND DRAMA.

former years.

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