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occasion at the opening of a new railway, August 15, between Attigliano and meeting of the Entomological Society of London, Mr. Dunning read a report on Viterbo, to utter calumnious remarks in public against the Papacy. He said: the subject of the importation of humble bees into New Zealand, from which it “ The Papal government had never beheld railways with a favorable eye. It appears that the efforts of Mr. Nottidge and the Canterbury (N. Z.) Acclimatizabuilt them only when it was obliged to do so, and it had them pass only as little tion Society had been successful, and that the long-wanted clover fertilizer had at as possible through its territory.” The statement is indignantly denied by Papal length been established in New Zealand.

-Oscar Loew has succeeded in makcorrespondents. --The average cost of moving a ton of freight one mile on rail ing the synthesis of a sugar. By treatment of a solution of form-aldehyde with roads varies, in three instances, from forty one-hundredths to seventy-two one lime water, a molecular condensation gradually takes place, and a sweet substance hundredths of a cent. -It requires a heavier locomotive to draw night trains having the properties of a sugar is formed. It is called Formose, and has the forthan day trains, on account of the condition of the track, which is nearly always mula C6 H12 06.-The discovery of a new sugar, to be called Cyclamose, in damp or wet. So says Superintendent D. L. Barnes, of the Rhode Island Locomo the tubers of Clyclamen Europeum is announced by Michan. -A Dayton man motive Works.The Pennsylvania Railroad Company has just issued what are went to Cincinnati, and some one who saw him and knew him went to the teleknown as detention cards, upon which the trainmen are to record the causes of de graph office and telegraphed in the Dayton man's name to his wise for $15, and lay to trains they are running, where the delay occurred, and the length of stop. got it by telegraph money order. A correspondent of the London Electrician This is to be telegraphed to the superintendent's office immediately upon the ar writes : " I think the most astonishing thing saw in the [Indian and Colonial] rival of a train at its destination. -The first American railroad was probably a Exhibition was a dynamo which the placard stated was supplying current to drive short one built by Silas Whitney on Beacon Hill, Boston, in 1807. It is claimed, two motors, ‘one in South Africa and the other in New Zealand.'. A new however, that this was preceded in the same locality by an inclined plane used to planchette is made in Chicago by nailing four short wooden legs under the rim of draw bricks in 1795, which had as part of its appliances a wooden tramway of a man's hat by means of pins run through the cloth. On pieces of paper the letabout two feet gauge, on which loaded cars were forwarded to the foot of Beacon ters of the alphabet are marked, and so are the words “yes” and “no on sepastreet, while empty cars were drawn in kilns at the top of Beacon Hill, and the rate bits of paper. Persons with mediumistic or electrical qualities derive much sixth, the Quincy Railway, in Massachusetts, about four miles in length, was built fun from making the hat spell out words by leaping from letter to letter. The toy in 1826, to haul granite to tide water.

is called “ the dancing Derby.”. -The weather report for August, from observations taken at Lawrence, Kan., shows that the month was one of the three hottest Augusts on record. There were eleven days with temperature below the average

for the season, but the remaining twenty days were excessively hot; and the week MEDICAL.

from the 11th to the 17th surpassed any week since August, 1874. The July drought was broken on the ist by a copious shower. There were seven other

serviceable rains during the month, but no rain sufficiently heavy to wet the ground NOTES.—The new State board of health of Massachusetts is composed of seven to a greater depth than two inches.A telegram from Grenada, dated August gentlemen, two of whom are physicians-one a regular, Dr. H. P. Walcott, who 29, states that during the solar eclipse good photometric observations were made by is president of the board; and the other, Dr. E. U. Jones, a homoeopathist. Dr. Professor Thorpe. -The celebrations connected with the Chevreul Anniversary S. W. Abbott, a well-known sanitarian, has been appointed secretary. _Profes in Paris were very brilliant. His Excellency, the Director of the Chinese Mission sors Von Frisch and Ullman, of Vienna, after careful and exhaustive study, con of Public Instruction, handed to the illustrious chemists a Chinese document exfirm the views of Pasteur as to the possibility of preventing the development of pressing every wish for his happiness and long life. It appears from what he said rabies by inoculation with the virus obtained from rabbits, and are now prepared that there is at this moment in China a savant who, at the age of one hundred to treat the victims of rabid dogs. Dr. Withers Morse, president of the British years, has just passed his examination and been admitted a member of the highest Medical Association, has received a scorching letter from a woman who objects to academy of the mandarins. He considered the fact that two savants of a hunhis address before that learned body, and threatens him with a sound chastisement dred years were living, one in France and the other in China, was a link connectif he repeats the remarks contained in it. -The French plan of giving castor ing the learning of the two countries. oil to children is to pour the oil into a pan over a moderate fire, break an egg into it, and stir up. When done, flavor with a little salt. -A coroner's inquest was held a short time ago on the body of a woman who, it appeared, had been suffering from heart disease, and this bringing on a fit of despondency she had taken a

LITERARY dose of Paris green.

The coroner's jury found that the woman had died of * heart disease accelerated by partaking of a dose of Paris green.” -A death is reported in France from the application of collodion to the face of a woman Lost in Russia.—Mr. Ricalton, the adventurous explorer, who was sent out to the suffering from small-pox. . The design of the application was to prevent pitting.

Arctic ocean, in May, by Outing, in order to make a journey on a three-wheeled Suppuration took place under the mask of collodion, and the patient died after

machine from Archangel straight through Russia to the Crimea, has not yet been great suffering. According to Dr. Broca, the well-known French anthropolo heard from since leaving New York. His friends are very anxions on his account, gist, the human body should weigh as many kilogrammes as it measures in cen and it is seared that the Russians may have treated him as they did Thomas timetres, after deduction of its first metre. Thus a man measuring one metre Stevens on his bicycle, only a little more effectively. Mr. Ricalton had with him eighty centimetres (six feet), should weigh eighty kilos (176 pounds). Should

a photographic apparatus with which he intended to illustrate a series of articles his weight be more or less, he is too stout or too thin. - It is said that the appli in Outing and it is quite likely that this instrument was the excuse for his arrest. cation of a bit of ice or even cold water to the lobe of the ear will stop hiccoughing.-The last survivor of the Duke of Wellington's peninsular medical staff NOTES.-Fannie Davenport's first literary effort will be printed in the Brooklyn has just died, after a vigorous old age- Dr. Thomas Ward Jeston.—The skele Magazine for October. The actress's article is a vigorous reply to the question, ton of Bishop Courtenay, Edward IV's Lord Privy Seal, has been discovered in “ Is the Stage Immoral ?" -The Brooklyn Magazine will be two years old next a coffin built up in masonry in the crypt of Winchester cathedral. Courtenay was

month. Edith M. Thomas, IIenry Ward Beecher and Mrs. Beecher, William H. at Bosworth, and is mentioned by Shakespeare in “ Richard III.”. -Dr. Sir An Rideing, Fanny Davenport, Dr. Talmage, and Anna Katherine Green, are to condrew Clarke declares that there is not an unsound spot in all Mr. Gladstone's phy

tribute to the October number. - The Estelline (Dak.) Bell is a Western newsșical being,” and that the great statesman will probably live “at least fifteen years paper, the originality and humor of which has attracted a good deal of attention, longer," if he does not work “more than three men usually do when the three similar to that directed toward the Burlington Hawkeye and the Detroit Free men are very busy men.”. -Two more persons inoculated by Pastuer for the Press. The editor, Frederic Carruthers, lately wrote thus characteristically: “Peoprevention of rabies, after having been bitten by rabid dogs, have died. Of fifty

ple sometimes write to tell me what a blooming success I am making of the Bell. four persons bitten by mad wolves, fourteen have died. -One of the leading

This is all right, but there isn't much money in it; for you see there are only 250 men of Edgefield county, S. C., is reported to have died this week from rabies, people all told in Estelline, and when you deduct from these the women, children, after an illness of but twelve hours. The bite was received in May from a rabid and Indians not taxel, you can't have a very large subscription list lest. However, dog, and produced no trouble until the day before his death. -Dr. A. B. Hirsh I have no fault to find, as I make a living and something over, and have a good has been elected adjunct professor of Orthopaedic Surgery in the Philadelphia

deal of fun between tines. I owe all the fame I have got to the kindness of the Polyclinic, and also Orthopedic Surgeon to the Hebrew United Charities of Phil press in copying from my paper.” Since the above was written Mr. Carruthers has adelphia.

left the paper. The « Bell” may remain, but the tongue lies still somewhere.-
Mr. J. B. Cowdin, a magazine contributor, is preparing an illustrated volume of his
poety, to be issued this fall. -The firm of Jackson & Co. will bring out presently

a small volume of poems by James J. Rothe, of The Pilot. Mr. Rothe is the secSCIENTIFIC.

retary of the Papyrus Club of Boston, where he resides, « Nord el Midi” is the title that Alphonse has given to “ Numa Roumestain" on its dramatized shape. The

political part of the work is considerably altered, and some other material has been NOTES.—A white swallow was shot recently near North Haven, Conn.

included. Leo Tolstoi's strong face is already quite familiar through the various a perfect Allino, pink eyes and all. Henry O'Reilly, one of the pioneers in illustrated papers which have lately printed his portraits.

A Russian newspaper, the establishment of the telegraph, died at Rochester, N. Y., August 17th; aged, one of whose reporters recently called upon Tolstoi, writes that the great novelist

-Composite photography has been applied by Dr. Persifer Frazer to now lives in a common country house, consisting of one immense room, and filled the testing of signatures. Recent determinations give light a velocity of 185, with all sorts of necessary articles, including libraries of useful books and manual 420 miles per second (Corun), or 186,380 miles per second (Michelson). tools. His children work in turn at the bench or at the desk. When the one Modern Morists take great credit to themselves for the improvement of the pansy. quits his manual labor, the other leaves his intellectual task and takes his place.In a curious old English book, called “ Hortus Floridus," written on garden Dr. Ernst Ekstein, the author of the historical romance of the Roman Servile War, flowers over two hundred years ago, there is a sketch of pansies over three-quar “ Prusias,” has written a new novel, “Aphrodite,” which is just coming from the ters of an inch across.

The modern pansy has been brought to a much larger press of W. S. Gottsberger, in an English version by Mary J. Safford. The next size; but three-quarters of an inch was a great advance on the wild form, and it volume in Roberts' “ Famous Women Series ” will be a life of Margurite, Queen of shows that our ancestors were not ignorant of floral improvement. At a late Navarre, written by Mary Robinson. -A second edition of Mr. Lang's delightful

It was

84 years.

DOMESTTO.--Domocratic State convention in Wisconsin nominato an entire State ucket

460

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PUBLIC OPINION.

SCENE, front door. Time, 12 o'clock Sunday night. She: « Say, George, when are you coming again ?”

He: “Oh, I'll be here Monday night.”
She :'" Say, George, can't you come before Monday?'-Life.
SOMETIMES, Mr. Henn, Lieutenant is pronounced Left-tenant.—Ibid.

A CERTAIN type of writer—not a type-writer but an author_is contemptuously dubbed a hack. This is not so. If he were a hack the editor would be a hack driver. And if the editor were a hack-driver he would, no doubt, be better off in this world's goods.— Puck.

“Pa,” said Bobby, who was struggling to keep awake and who was preternaturally successful; “some people die of a green old age, don't they?!

« Yes." “An' some die of a ripe old age ?" “ Ya-as," Bobby made a thoughtful pause and then remarked : • Well, Pa, I think Methuselah must have died of a rotten old age.—Puck,

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EVENTS OF THE WEEK.

“Letters to Dead Authors," about to be published, will contain letters to Hawthorne and Longfellow. The life of Queen Victoria, upon which Mr. Barnett Smith has been engaged for some years, is expected to appear in London during the present month. A volume of hitherto unprinted sermons by Charles Kingsley will be published this month by Thomas Whittaker, with the title “ True Words for Brave Men.”MA translation of Don Armando Palacio Valdes's “ Matra y Maria," a Spanish novel of high repute, is in preparation by Mr. Nathan Haskell Dole, for early publication by Crowell & Co. of the announcements thus far made of books for the holidays, the most interesting is that by Dodd, Mead & Co., of Rossetti's “ Blessed Damozel,” illustrated with designs in oil by Kenyon Cox. It will be a large quarto, and the publishers promise to make it “ in design and execution abreast of anything yet produced.”

BOOKS OF THE WEEK. Owing to the bewildering variety recently introduced into the size and form of printing paper the

old designation of books, as 4to, 8vo, 12mo, &c., gives litlle indication of size; we shall therefore, in order to be of most service to our readers, give the measures of books in inches and quarters, the number first given being the length. We shall also add the number of pages and Trind of binding.

BOOKS. EARTHLY WATCHERS AT THE HEAVENLY GATES. By Rov, John Chester, D. D. 58431, 320

PP., cloth, glit lettered. Presbyterian Board of Publication. Philadelphia.

We have road this through with intense interest. The reverend author believes that the protenses of spiritualists are false; that they can not and do not yield consolation to those who have lost their friends, but that the Bible supplies all that 1t is necessary to know concerning departed ones. Into this story he has wovon the pretensions of modern spiritualism and the truths of the Bible with remarkable effect. Some of the situations are dramatic. The story is never strained, the characters are

not creations of the fancy, but portralts from life, and the end is delightful. DADDY DAVE. By Mary Frances. 77455, 116 pp., paper covers. Funk & Wagnalls, New

York.

Tho design of the author is to show the relations that existed between families and their slaves before the war. "Uncle Tom's Cabin” showed the worst side; “ Daddy Dave" shows the best. It is a thrilling story, is wonderfully well writion, and will serve to create the best of feeling between the people of the North and the people of tho South. Wo are glad to get this glimpse of ante bellum life. Everybody ought to read it, and if we could have our way everybody should.

PAMPHLETS. MIND IN MEDICINE. By Cyrus A. Bartol, D. D. Carter & Harrack, 3 Beacon street, Bos. ton, Mass.

A vory beautiful discourse, the aim of which is to show that the modern mindcure theory is wise and scriptural. The argument is solid and it reads like a poem, but it is far too spiritual in its toue for the multitude to appreciate.

MAGAZINES. MENTAL HEALING. Vol. 1, No. 1. August.

This seems to be a now venture and designed to propagate the interests of the Mental Science and Christian Healing Association, whoso eadquarters aro at 130

Chandler street, Boston, Mass.
BABYHOOD. Babylood Publlshing Co., 5 Bloekman St., New York.
PANSY. D. Lothrop & Co., Boston.
THE QUIVER. Cassell & Co., N. Y.

THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 9. DOMESTIC.—Two slight shocks of earthquake during the day at Charleston. Connectl. cut Republicans place a Stato ticket in the field headed by Phineas C. Lounsbury for Governor. Social science annual meeting at Saratoga. The race of the Mayflower and the Galatea unsuccessful for lack of wind. Flood at Raleigh, N. 0. Free thinkers In session at ratoga.

TOREIGN.--Minister Phelps announces that he will receive subscriptions in London for the Charleston sufferers. Prince Alexander passed through Austria on his way to Darmstadt. Soldiers mutiny against eviction in Ireland.

FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 10. DOMESTIC. —Mr. Blaine spoke at Damariscotta, Me. Geronimo and the captive Apaches in prison at San Antonio, Texas. Mr. Bergh prevented the horse Blondin from attempt ing to cross Niagara on a tight rope. Three thousand iron moulders went on a strike in eastern Pennsylvania. Mr. Sedgwick reported as having reached Paso del Norte ani conimenced investigations into the Cutting case. The Social Science association closed its conference. New York raised $84,000 for the Charleston sufferers.

FOREIGN.-Prince Alexander at his father's house at Darmstadt and is invited to Eng. land. An American schooner seized by Canadian authorities. Serious rlot at a fair in Denmark between the peasantry and the gendarmes. Chinese pirates attempted the capture of British and American ships.

SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 11. DOMESTIC.—The canvass in Maine closed. Mr. Blaine spoke at Gardiner. The condi. tion of the Charleston harbor sald to have been linproved by the earthquake. The May. llower won the second international yacht race. A fire destroyed $200,000 of business Property at Freehold, N. J.

WIT OF THE WEEK.

MAN.

WHAT a queer combination of cheek and perversity,
Insolence, pride, gab, impudence, vanity,
Jealousy, hate, scorn, baseness, insanity,
Honor, truth, wisdom, virtue, urbanity,

Is that whimsical biped called man!
Who can fathom the depths of his innate depravity ?
To-day he's all gayety, to morrow all gravity.
For blowing his own horn he has a propensity,
Even under clouds of singular density.

Oh, mystical clay-bank called man!
He can be the source of beastly brutality,
Be modest and meek, or indulge in hilarity,
Don airs and graces of saintly totality,
Or equal the devil in daring rascality,

This curious enigma called man.Life. “CHARLEY, I want to ask you to do something for my sake,” said young Mrs. Tocker. “You know you are very dear to me, and I am always afraid something is going to happen to you. I saw in the newspaper that soine men take their soda-water with a stick in it. I'm sure I don't see how that makes it any better, but I do hope that if you take yours that way you'll be careful not to swallow the stick. It would be sure to choke you to death. You will be careful, won'l you, Charley ? "

"-Merchant Traveler, THERE is a very religious restaurant in Boston, on the walls of which there is an odd jumble of texts of Scripture and items from the bill of fare, something as follows: " He shall feed his flock like a Shepherd—Hot Sausages, 10 cents.” “If you be Obedient ye shall eat of the Fat of the Land- Hot Apple Sauce, 5 cents.” « God moves in a Mysterious Way—Hash, 10 cents.”

“ Be Careful for NothingCoffee and Cakes, 10 cents.”_New York Tribune.

YOUNG MAN (driving with young girl) : “I say, farmer, how can I get back to the village the quickest way ?”

Farmer: “Well, you might run your horse.”~ Tid bits.

HUSBAND (with pride): “My love, I've been affecting — I've insured my life to-day for ten thousand pou

Young wife: “ Just like the men ! Always looking out for themselves! I think-you might have insured mine while you were about it!"--Punch.

FOREIGN.–Great damage in the West Indias caused by a hurricane. Hon. S. S. Cos, minister to Turkey, coming home. The schooner Everet Steele released. "Alexander Day" in the Greek church. Sofla decorated in its honor. The Lyceum opened in London. Mr. Irvino and Ellen Terry rocelved with the greatest enthuslagm.

SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 12. DOMESTIC.—New monastry of the Passionists in Baltimore dedicated with Imposlng ceremonies. All the beer on the fair grounds at Bismark, Kansas, selzed by the State authorities. Eight deaths resulting from the earthquake in Charleston.

FOREIGN.--A new and beautiful American church opened in Paris. The Corwin's seizures of British vessels in Alaska promises to produce an international controversy The Nicaraguan government announces that it has been discourteously treated by the United States Guvornment in the proposed treaty concerning an international ship canal.

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 13. DOMESTIC.-- Republican victory in Maine. The New York relief fund for Charleston amounts to $200,000), Thos. E. Benedict, the new Public Priater, filled his bond and are reported lost in Lake Michigan, Baltimore celebrated the anniversary of the battle of North Point, Herr Wilhelm Liebknecht, socialist leader of the German Parliament, ir rived on the Servla. In an interview he explains the objects of his visit, pays hols com la pliments to the anarchists and dolalis tho socialistic programme for Europe and America.

TOREIGN. - Englişli Nshing boats captured by French authorltlos. Full text of the Parnell's land bill given to the public. Fifteen persons killed and 130 wounded during a panic in il church in Transylvania.

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 14. DOMESTIC. — Accident on the Nickel-Plate Rallroud, in which sixteen persons were killed and twoivo wounded. Col. Chas. H. Sawyer nominated by the Republicans of Now Hampshire for Guvernor.

Full Democratic State ticket nominated in Minnesota Tho Galatea started for Newport. A prighaer of Tennessee confesses that he assassino scondants of the Old Knickerbockers hold a reunion at the Hotel Kaatersklu, N. Y.

Fonetan. - Police attacked by a mob la Galway, Ireland. Turkey demands of the English that they evacuate Egypt.

WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 15. a monngerie, is dovastnting the nerds belonging to farmers in the neighborhood.

A huge snake, supposed to have escaped from Clinton, Mugs. Tho Suciety of the Army of the Tennessee

in session at Rock Island, IL FOREIGN.—England establishing a coaling station at Thnso. The Republique France possession. The Pau Natl Gazelle Carls upon the Queen Diador inaicate the purity of things roll of the privy council." congress .camenca niste at Turin, Italy. Fighting betwee Tish homes, tho sanctity of the Judicial cain, and remove ste Charles Dilke's name from Frenchmen and Spaniards on the coast of Africa.

Cos8ful door hunt in the Saranac woods.

PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE PUBLIC OPINION COMPANY.

VOL. I.

WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1886.

No. 24.

POLITICAL.

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THE ANTI-SALOON REPUBLICAN CONVENTION.

ONE hundred and eighty-seven anti-saloon Republicans convened, as delegates from the several States, at Chicago, September 16. Ex-Senator William Windom presided. The following resolutions were adopted :

The anti-saloon Republicans, by their representatives in national conference assembled, do declare as follows:

First-That the liquor traffic as it exists to-day in the United States is the enemy of society, a fruitful source of corruption in politics, the ally of anarchy, a school of crime, and with its avowed purpose of seeking to corruptly control elections and legislation is a menace to tho public welfare, and deserves the condemnation of all good men.

Second-That we declaro war against the saloon, and hold it to be the supreme duty of the Government to adopt such measures as shall restrict it and control its influence at the earliest possible moment and extinguish it altogether.

Third-We believe that the national Government should absolutely prohibit the manu. facture and sale of intoxicating liquors in the District of Columbia and in all the Territories of the United States.

Fourth-We believe the best practical method of dealing with the liquor trasc in the several States is to let the people decido whether it shall be prohibited by the submission of constitutional amendments, and, until such ameudments are adopted, by the passage of local option laws.

Fifth-That inasmuch as the saloon business creates a special burden of taxation upon the people to support courts, jails and almshouses, therefore a large annual tax should be levied upon the saloons so long as they continue to exist; and that they should be made responsible for all public and privato injury resulting from the traffic.

Sixth-That the Republican parly, whorover and whenever in power, will faithfully enforce whatsoever ordinances, statutes, or constitutional amendments may bo enacted for the rostriction or suppression of the liquor tratfic.

Seventh-That we anprove the action of Congress and of those states that have done so in providing for teaching the physiological effects of intoxicants in our public schools, And that we earnestly recommend to every Slate legislature the enactment of such laws as shall provide for tho thorough teaching or such effects to our children.

Eighth-Wo domand that the Republican party, to which we belong and whoso welfaro we cherish, shall take a firm and decided stand as a friend of the home and an enemy of the saloon, in favor of this policy and these measures. We pledge ourselves to do our utmost to cause the party to take such a stand. Aud we call upon all temperance men aud all friends of humanity, of whatever party or name, to join with us in securing these objects, and in support of the Republican party so far as it shall adopt thein.

New York Sun (Dem.), September 18. It cannot be denied that the effect of attending the National Convention of Anti-Saloon Republicans has been to put Mr. Blair's mind in a state of most commendable balance, even upon the question of the liquor traffic. As temporary chairman he declared this to be the sentiment of the convention :

“We are here for the clestruction of the rum traric throughout this country and throughout the world. I think I speak the sentiment of the convention when I say that as between free rum and low licenso, we are in favor of high license;.that as between high license and prohibition, wo are in favor of prohibition.” [Cheers.]

Here is material for a persectly straight-forwarıl, practical and effective method of managing the rum question. Of course Senator Blair presers prohibition, and hopes, perhaps, to see it established universally at some time. But prohibition exists in the mind only. As a system it cannot be established, at least now, and its advocates must be regarded more as the fanatical adherents of an inipracticable idea than as the genuine and determined foes of rum. Senator Blair's remark that as belween free rum and low license he presers high license, indicates that there is a corner in his mind in which a practical solution of the liquor problem is being considered. Inasmuch as he seems to be open to conviction we would suggest that, while he need not lower the flag of prohibition, he might amend his declaration as follows: “ We preser prohibition, but as between free rum and prohibition we will vote for high license." Upon that platform we believe that the Prohibition party could elect the Ilon. Henry W. Blair or any other man to the Presidency. And there would be something in it. Der Baltimore Correspondent (Dem.), September 21.

[Translated for PUBLIC OPINION.] The National convention of the anti-saloon Republicans in Chicago has awakened but little interest, and is generally considered by German newspapers of all parties as an assembly of noodles, especially as it was the eccentric national noodle Blair who presided at its sittings. That the participants in the conference were madbrained fools we are perfectly ready to grant; that their object is a foolish one we do not deny; but for six thousand years folly has so frequently Leen victorious in the world that, upon a fresh budding development of the same, it can never be seen how matters will stand. The aim of these people is the abolition of the barrooms. This, when considered in the light of events, is the aim of the whole temperance agitation. As it appears to us just now, the bar-room abolitionists in the United States, as a party, have the best prospects of success; and the annihilation of the legitimate saloons in general seems to be the only success at which, at any time, the movement has been aimed.

The Louisviller Anzeiger (Dem.), September 18.

[Translated for PUBLIC OPINION.] THE movement and the attack of the anti-saloon Republicans has assumed pro

portions and developed a strength that can no longer be ignored in silence or by à contemptuous shrug of the shoulders. By growth, and by the pressure of this separate Republican movement, the party will be forced by degrees to make war against the saloon-keepers. They will ultimately have to recognize color (sic) in this question, or the anti-saloon Republicans will unite themselves with the Prohibitionists and then make a combined attack upon the Republican party. From these two factions great danger is threatened the Republican party. They can no longer carry water on two shoulders. They will have to disgruntle the beer and whisky sellers and the whole brewing and distilling interests or throw overboard the two temperance factions above mentioned. It is extremely probable they will sacrifice the first-mentioned.

New Yorker Staats-Zeitung (Ind.), September 17.

[Translated for PUBLIC OPINION.] THEIR special object, as a matter of course, is to make it plausible that one can be, in the same individual, a good Prohibitionist and a good Republican; and from this to deduce the ultimate conclusion that a separate organization of the Probibitionists is entirely superfluous. The Republican party, they say, already satisfies many of the demands of temperance men, and they, the anti-saloon Republicans, would therefore see to it that in the future the entire claims of the temperance men should be complied with. Of course we do not know how many of the 187 present of the anti-saloon conference believe this themselves; but the slight interest manifested in the conference, wherein, at bottom, it was an undoubted fiasco, speaks loudly, for the fact that really nobody has any faith in it. If the Prohibitionists are to be extinguished as a separate party, this must be accomplished by an entirely different agency.

Chicago News (Ind.), September 17. By a vote of fully three to one the anti-saloon convention yesterday rejected the following resolution offered by Prof. E. L. Conger, of the Lombard University, at Galesburg:

Inasmuch as the success of our principles depends go largely upon the men chosen to mako and onforce tho law, therefore, resolved, that only clean men who are heartily in sympathy with the purposes of this conference can justly claim the suffrages of the people, and we ask that the Republican party shall place only such men in nomination.

And thus comes to naught the movement started with so much earnestness of purpose last December. It has been captured by the party leaders—at least for the time being. But its principle survives and will yet give trouble to the men who denounce the saloon in wordy platform and support the saloon-keeper at the ballot-box.

Galveston Nerus (Dem.), September 17. Tile anti-liquor Republicans are holling a convention at Chicago, and the meeting very appropriately is presided over by the Hon. Henry W. Blair, of New Hampshire. Of course the delegates will express some beautiful sentiments and pass some charming resolutions, but in the end they will clecide that the Republic can party, as it exists, is good enough. Now the Republican party, as it exists, is entirely dependent in a national contest on the State of New York. New York State Republicans are dependent on the Republicans of New York city, and New York city Republicans are dependent on the Hon. Sheridan Shook, and the Ilon. Barney Biglin, and the lIon. Mike Cregan, and the lion. J. J. O'Brien. All of these gentlemen get their diamonds from the proceeds of liquor shops. So it will be seen that the convention of the anti-saloon Republicans is nothing more than a summer recreation. Anzeiger des Westens (Dem.), St. Louis, September 18.

[Translated for PUBLIC OPINION.] The Chicago “anti-saloon ” convention and the platform adopted by it will undoubtedly exert a broad and strong influence upon the Republican party. We would not err in discovering the hand of Mr. Blaine behind the movement. IIe pulled the wires that made the puppets, lrye, Blair, Windom, Price, &c., dance. The anti-liquor Republicans are his body guard, and they will secure him a vic. tory in the next National Convention. That the rest will follow, he confidently believes he may count upon, and what happened in 1884 certainly aftords him good ground for the belief. The New York Tribune, Blaine's special organ, greets the movement; and German Republicans will discover too late, we fear, what their chief organ in the English tongue means it.

Chicago Tribune (RiP.), September 18. THE so-called Republican Anti-Saloon Conference has met, made its speeches, passed its resolutions, and adjourned, leaving the Republican party not much wiser as to its practical purpose than before it assembled. It has formulated no scheme that goes

to the root of ihe matter. It has not shown how the “temperance cause can be promoted, as it committed itself neither to prohibition, high license, moral suasion, nor the Democratic plan of free whisky and wide open, which the Prohibitionists themselves are encouraging by turning their strength in effect over to that party. It has enunciated several well-meaning platitudes, which need not be disputed, but it has presented no definite or practical plan for the promotion of the cause of temperance.

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Boston Herald (Ind.), September 18.

Rochester Herald (Rep.), September 18. The national convention is alınost avowedly an effort to save the temperance It may safely be held that the great majority of Republicans would sympathize vote to the Republican party. To this end, it ostensibly undertakes to commit the with any practical movement intended to diminish the demoralizing influence of Republican party to opposition to the manufacture and the sale of intoxicating the liquor traffic, reduce the evils of intemperance, and cripple the power of the liquors. The convention proved that there are certain Republicans willing to saloon in American politics. Thousands of the members of that party who will meet in convention and take this ground. It proved nothing more.

It was not lend no countenance to the third-party movement would gladly take advantage of a large body, nor did it include anything approaching a representation of the influ the movement under consideration to ease their consciences and strike a blow at ential men of the party. Its temporary chairman was a Senator who has, perhaps, the liquor traffic by indorsing the demand made in the platform that their party as little weight as any at Washington; its permanent chairman was an ex-Senator of “shall take a firm stand as the friend of the home and the enemy of the saloon.', more importance, but one who, unfortunately, is out of favor with the Republicans

Columbus, Ohio, Dispatch (Ind.), September 17.
of his own State. Nationally speaking, therefore, the convention can not be re-
garded as a success.

Tue truth is that leading Republicans generally have been a little afraid of this

movement and have hesitated to identify themselves with it lest it should commit New York Star, (Dem.), September 19.

them to something not in accord with their views. They wanted to see some
We fail to see any ground for reasonable hope by our opponents that the politi formal enunciation of doctrine before connecting themselves with the movement
cal Prohibitionists will abandon the field. They see the acknowledgment publicly Thus the leaders in the movement encountered difficulty at every hand and it is
made that, as now constituted, the Republican party is not a temperance party. something remarkable that even a few Republicans of national reputation were
They also see an effort made by temperance men still loyal to it to bring the party there. Now that a conference has been held and a platform adopted, the work
somewhat nearer to the prohibition standard. This esfort is timid and tentative, ought to go forward at a more rapid rate.
and if absolutely successful would not come up to the demands of the sincere Pro-

Ex-Senator Windom (Rep.), in the Convention.
hibitionists. But the effort, such as it is, has not yet succeeded. It may not suc-
ceed. What reason, then, does it offer to the Prohibitionists for abandoning their

We are here only as Republicans who do not believe in the saloons of this present plans and joining the Republican party before the latter has made any re country continuing to rule us. We don't intend to dictate. any course of action, sponse to the anti-saloon Republicans ?

but we want to bring what influence we can to bear on the party to take the step

it must some time take in this question. The liquor party has gone into politics Minneapolis Tribune (Rep.), September 19.

and has called upon the voters to meet it in battle or submit to it

. Circulars have The effect of this conference is to be felt indirectly. It represents a very large been issued in my State proclaiming that no man shall be voted for who will not and valuable element in the Republican party; and its downright hostility to the bow down and worship this Moloch from the infernal regions. It is a very liquor traffic will unquestionably affect the general attitude of the party. The Republican party has a great deal to do besides occupying itself with the temperance

Wheeling Register (Dem.), September 18. question; but whenever and wherever that question obtrudes itself practically, the If the Republican party should adopt the principles of the Prohibitionists, the Republican party must stand for temperance. Its present duty in Minnesota, sor cause of prohibition would in general be injured. The cause of prohibition has example, is to fight the law-defying Columbia association and to strengthen the

been making great progress in the South. But had the Southern Prohibitionists to State laws restricting and taxing the liquor traffic; while in Iowa its business is to swallow the whole Republican mass of political generalities in order to get a prinenforce the prohibitory laws that exist because the people have demanded them. ciple of prohibition, they would let the whole thing go by default

. The RepubAtlanta Constitution (Dem.), September 18.

lican party might as well try to fly as to advance prohibition in the South. And

the South is a large corner of the United States.
THE Republican prohibitionists are not wise. They are trying to make a
national issue out of a local matter. The main reason why the prohibition Demo-

Baltimore News (Dem.), September 19.
crats of the South have been so successful is because they have pursued the oppo By the time the next Presidential canvass opens the party will occupy ground
site policy. They have, as a rule, stuck to local option. If they should abandon far in advance of what it now takes. It may be that a little band of Prohibition
this line; if, for instance, a majority of the rural counties in a State should en-

extremists may be in the van urging something deemed impracticable now, as unideavor to force prohibition upon the large cities and seaport towns, the result versal suffrage was in 1859, but the great party, once launched on the issue, will be would be as notorious, as scandalous, and as disgraceful a failure as prohibition has very apt to follow. Certain it is, however, that this issue will be a part of the Re been in Maine. Fortunately, the friends of local option are so well satisfied that publican creed for whatever it may be worth, and the opposition must make its calthey are not anxious to try any new methods.

culations accordingly.
New York Tribune (Rep.), September 20.

Ohio State Journal (Rep.), September 18.
Tue Maine election shows that nineteen-twentieths of the Prohibition voters will

The national conference of anti-saloon Republicans confined itself mainly to not sacrifice their convictions on national issues or put Democrats into power by recommendations that the Republican party array itself in favor of taxation and wasting their own strength on a separate party ticket. The Anti-Saloon Conference restriction of liquor traffic, in the States. No instance is now recalled to mind at Chicago shows that Republicans who sincerely desire temperance reform are where the Republican party in the several States has not taken exactly this course. uniting their efforts to secure practical results through the Republican party. Mean In Ohio it stands by the Dow law, which is just such a measure as the conference while, the broadening division between real Prohibitionists and assistant-Democrats

favored. As to the District of Columbia and the territories, the conference procomes in Ohio to a practical manifestation, through the defeat of Prohibition in

posed national prohibitory legislation.
several towns by the votes of pretended Prohibitionists. These events teach a les-
son all concerned may profitably study.

Chicago Inter-Ocean (Rep.), September 17.
New York Times (Ind.), September 17.

THE convention may not become historic, as Senator Blair prophesied, but it will not be remembered unpleasantly. It may not accomplish much good

, but it THE evils of intemperance, the abuses of the liquor traffic, and the mischievous

will never be said of its members that they met as obstructionists or that they en influence of saloons in politics are recognized and admitted by the vast

majority of couraged dissensions. They were honest, earnest, fighting Republicans, who de good citizens. They are ready to support a rational policy for suppressing these sired to have their say in a great moral issue, and who exercised their privilege to evils, and by adopting such a policy without fear of Prohibitionists on the one hand their own satisfaction and credit. or the liquor interests on the other, the Republican party might add greatly to its strength. In order to do so it must candidly avow its principles and clearly define

Philadelphia Inquirer (Rep.), September 18. the measures by which they are to be put in operation. This must be done by the The Democrats have done nothing to abate the liquor evil; the Republicans party itself in its regular conventions, and it can not be done by any unauthorized have done a great deal, and they are certain to do more as public opinion gains gathering of self-constituted delegates.

force in numbers to oppose the unlimited traffic in rum.

If an anti-saloon league Kansas City Times (Dem.), September 18.

were formed in every great center of population under the Republican standard,

the Republican party would not be long in perfecting legislation which would The men who formed the Anti-Saloon Republican Convention at Chicago are lessen the number of saloons, evidently in earnest in their warfare against the liquor traffic. The majority of them are representative men in their party and have usually been considered gen

New York Mail and Express (Rep.), September 17. tlemen of purpose in their public actions. It is hardly likely that they would have Standing on the resolutions, the Republican party will hold all its best ele: taken the trouble to go to Chicago without having some definite object in view and ments, will take a new lease of life as the exponent and defender of the highest the determination to try and achieve it in the future. In their resolutions they state interests of humanity, will develop new leaders and enthusiasms, and will perform. their object to be the adoption of prohibition by the National Republican party. a work of emancipation for the white race of this country far greater and more There was a marked absence of temperance fanaticism in their speeches and de momentous to humanity than was accomplished by the anti-slavery amendments liberations.

to the Constitution. Boston Beacon (Neutral), September 18.

St. Paul Press (Rep.), September 18. Our great cities, notably Boston, Chicago and New York, are now governed by the INSTEAD of seeking some common ground on which moderate Prohibitionists saloon. This government is intolerable, and should be thrown off, even if it in could unite with the advocates of restriction, it would appear that the prohibition volves the total destruction of the saloon as a separate trade. The Democratic element controlled the convention and dictated its resolutions. This is not a cause party will not, and, as constituted, cannot do this work. Accordingly, if it is to be for wonder; but it does tend to limit the influence and work of the anti-saloon Lone at all it must be by Republicans, and the Chicago convention will help to whip Republicans to the same impracticable field occupied by the Prohibitionists pure the Republican party into line. It may count upon the hearty support of every

and simple. honest citizen who believes that the saloon, as such, is not needed, and that the sa

St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Dem.), September 17, loon power in politics has become a ruinous curse which it is honorable to annihi It is a Blaine strategem, devised and executed by ardent Blaine men, whose late.

purpose is to make Republicans and Prohibitionists everywhere mutually dependent

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on each other, and both on Blaine, as they have been for twenty years past in his Republican party to adopt the Prohibition platform; but we feel quite sure that
State. We shall watch this movement in the next National Republican Conven they will never be able to persuade the country to do so.
tion with some curiosity to see there just how much strength and sincerity may be
in it.
Philadelphia Press (Rep.), September 18.

THE fourth section of the anti-saloon platform, so far as it proposes to submit the

prohibition question to the arbitrament of a vote on a constitutional amendment, The conference readily discovered the common ground upon which all Repub is what the Herald has advocated before, and to that proposal we have no objeclicans can meet. Its action was singularly in accord, also, with the resolutions on tion-New York Herald (Ind.), September 17. the temperance question adopted by the Republican conventions this year. It will aid in strengthening the party's position on this question, and is making clear the By going too far, the convention has failed to accomplish anything. Republisincerity of its purpose to deal with the question practically and efficiently. can politics and the liquor question are now precisely where they were before it Philadelphia Times (Ind.), September 17.

met, and the meeting will have absolutely no effect one way or the other.—Brook

lyn Union (Ind.), September 17. The trouble with the Republican party is that it has fallen into the hands of leaders who are sincere in nothing save a desire to secure the offices. The

The upshot of the Chicago gathering is that its preferred remedy is no remedy sincere nen of the party are, like ex-Senator Windom, in retirement. The present

at all, while its alternative remedy is already available in a large number of States party leaders carry water on one shoulder and whisky on the other, and will

and needs no Republican sham crusade to establish it elsewhere.--New York

World (Dem.), September 18. continue to do so in spite of all the anti-saloon conventions in the country. Brooklyn Eagle (Dem.), September 17.

THE anti-saloon Republicans who met in convention in Chicago evidently have

faith in the teaching that “a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump.” Time only WHILE the Prohibitionists of the United States may readily find in this platform will tell whether their leaven will produce this result.—Denver Tribune-Republinearly all the phraseology upon which their political faith has been fed, and, ignor

can (Rep.), September 17. ing the remainder as superfluous, may revel in the denunciation of their favorite foe, it is quite possible they may hesitate to accept as final the pledges of the 189

Ohio sent but one solitary representative. Are we to inser from this that representatives, mostly clergymen, as binding upon the Republican party.

anti-saloon Republicans are as scarce in Ohio as hen's teeth whilst saloon Republi

cans are as thick as flies in Egypt ?--Cleveland Plain Dealer (Dem.), SeptemProvidence Star (Rep.), September 17. THE conference was enthusiastic, harmonious and unanimous in its action, and the good results which are sure to follow will amply repay those patriotic gentle

The majority of the leaders of the Anti-Saloon Republican Convention yesterday men who have devoted their time and energies in attending the gathering which

were ex-somethings—ex-Senator, ex-Governor, or ex-something else. Which is to will certainly be historical in that it is the first national movement toward crushing

say, they have been but are not.—Chicago Mail (Ind.), September 17. the power of the liquor saloon as a political factor in the future.

The much heralded Republican anti-saloon conference at Chicago mustered
Milwaukee Sentinel (Rep.), September 17.

287 delegates out of all the States of the Union. This does not look like business

and real earnestness.-Springfield Republican (Inil.), September 17. The gathering was essentially prohibition in sentiment, proposing in its platform to prohibit the manufacture and sale of liquors in the District of Columbia and in Now that the convention of " anti-saloon Republicans” has adjourned without the Territories, but to allow public sentiment to deal with the question in the

day, the field is clear for a national convention of anti-saloon Democrats. It would States. Why some regard should not be paid to public sentiment in the Territo

excite wide interest.-Cleveland Leader (Rep.), September 17. ries and the District of Columbia was not explained.

THE self-styled temperance men who will not have temperance unless they can
Des Moines Register (Rep.), September 17.

get it from a certain party are about as effective allies as the saloon interest can The delegates were unanimous in the opinion that whatever advanced ground

have.Chicago Herali (ind.), September 18.
on the temperance question should be taken, should be taken inside the party. The object of the Anti-Saloon Republican Convention at Chicago was to“ save
They were quite generally of the opinion also that the Republican party should the Prohibition vote;" that is all there is of the movement. Florida Times-Union
declare its hostility to the saloon and its favor for such restrictive measures as the (Dem.), September 18.
people of each State should think best.

Indianapolis Sentinel (Dem.), September 20.
Senator WINDOM, at the Anti-Saloon Republican Convention, called upon the

THE EASTERN QUESTION.
Prohibitionists to unite with the convention and force the Republican party to be

La Voce del Popolo, San Francisco, September 10. the champion of high license, local option, and prohibition. It will occur to the Prohibitionists, however, that it would perhaps be safer, in view of past experience,

(Translated for PUBLIC OPINION.) to champion their cause themselves.

PERHAPS never before has Russia been so near the realization of the day-dream
Toledo Bee (Dem.), September 17.

of Peter the Great. It is only necessary to cast a glance at the geographical chart

in order to comprehend that once master of Bulgaria and of East Roumelia the There is no denying the fact, that the Republican anti-saloon movement, which

Czar is at the gates of Constantinople. The formation of a strong independent had its formal inauguration at Chicago yesterday, will have an important bearing

Sclave State, such as was probably in the mind of Prince Alexander before he upon the politics of the future. The Republican party having performed its mis

was overthrown by the arrogance of the Russian despot, was the sole means of arsion must go out of existence for want of an issue unless some new feature is in

resting Russian domination within its present limits, and of defending European troduced to keep it alive.

civilization against a Cossack invasion, worse even than a Turkish, because stronger. Philadelphia Record (Ind.), September 21.

The indifference which Germany and Austria display in the presence of such a The party objects of this “anti-saloon” movement deserves no sympathy, while

calamitous contingency it is not difficult to explain. On the part of Germany, every reasonable and practicable effort for restraining the abuses of the liquor France, her perpetual bugbear (which certainly would not permit an opportunity traffic, whether within or without the lines of the Republican party, should be en

to escape of attacking her, and of accomplishing the dream of revenge which has couraged. But experience proves that prohibitory liquor crusades react upon

been her constant and predominant object for years), clearly explains why she temperance resorm.

dares not engage in a contest with Russia. As respects Austria, the consciousness Detroit Tribune (Rep.), September 19.

of her isolation probably restrains her. Not being able to count upon the German

alliance for the reason above mentioned, there would only remain to her Italy. THE conference demands that the Republican party shall take a firin and decided stand in favor of the policy above outlined. The drift of the entire discus

But with Italy she has some old scores to settle; and as they are not accustomed

in Austria to yield save to the most imperious necessity, she does not believe the sion was against the third party and showed conclusively that the conference was a unit in the belief that the desired reform in temperance must come through the

extreme moment to have yet arrived of purchasing the aid of the young nation Republican party.

with the restitution of the provinces speaking the Italian tongue. And then, too, Baltimore Herald (Ind.), September 18.

Austria perhaps seeks by diplomatic expedients to maintain the statu quo, and to

find a certain modus vivendi by which a Russo-Turkish war may be avoided for While leading Republicans will, doubtless, approve the ends sought for by the

the moment, and with it the consequent forced solution of the great crisis. The Chicago convention, they may seriously object to the proposed methods. In the

position of England is not yet elucidated, but it is certain that there is not at this meantime, we may ask if local option does not present itself at this period as about

moment in Europe a government more vigilant than the English in reference to the best attainable means of lessening the evil influences the saloon ?

the affairs of the East. The whole history of the present century has seen EngBoston Post (Dem.), September 17.

land by the side of the Turk to prevent the advance of the Russian. It is not Out of all the States in the Union there were only 287 Republicans who went to

certain in this hour of supreme peril that Great Britain will abandon her tradi

tional policy and be present as a passive spectator at the transfer of the Bosphorus · the Chicago conference, while right here in Massachusetts the third-party convention,

and of the Dardanelles into the hands of Russia. Italy likewise, whose future as whose avowed purpose is the smashing of the Republican machine, mustered 849

a maritime and commercial power is in the East, has a vital interest in averting the delegates.

extreme danger of the aggrandizcment of Russia up to the shores of the MediterraAlbany Journal (Rep.), September 17.

And if Russia provokes a conslict, we do not see how Italy can remain abThe Chicago convention has mapped out a great but feasible work for temper-solutely indifferent without compromising her own future. In the imminence of ance sentiment to accomplish throught the instrumentality of the Republican party. this gigantic struggle it would be a grave calamity if the jealousy or hatred existTemperance reform, if it advances at all, will advance along the lines of that pro-ing between the great powers should frustrate a common engagement 10 save Eugramme.

rope from Cossack barbarism. If war be an evil from which, at times, vast beneNew Orleans Times-Democrat (Dem.), September 18.

tits accrue to humanity, no war could be more just or more beneficial than one in IT

may be possible for Blair, Windom and the New York Tribune to force the which Europe, constitutionally and politically free, should be banded together

nean,

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