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Washington Post (Dem.). SENATOR BLAIR (Now Hampshire) expressed himself highly pleased with the outlook. Ho said that notwithstanding the talk of Prohibitionists he was satisfied that their vote in tho Stato (Maine) would be small.– New York Tribune.
As this is in the New York Tribune, it must of course be official, but where does it leave Senator Blair, the great advocate of compulsory temperance—the sometimes-talked-of nominee of the Prohibition party for the Presidency in 1888?
Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph (Ind.). GOVERNOR IIILL has suddenly developed a mighty interest in agriculture, and he wants the horny-handed citizens to know it. Cleveland should wake up, if he does not want Hill to steal a march on him. He might issue another circular now, explaining that he is the only true farmer's friend, and point with pride to his signature at the foot of the oleomargarine bill in proof thereof.
Washington Hatchet (Ind.). THERE are, all told, about six men who have earned the right to be suggested for the Republican nomination, and from these six one should be chosen. To thrust them aside on the score that they have been too serviceable to the party will be a folly beyond excuse. It will be to ask power of the country with an apology for the past and an assurance of better behavior in the future.
Lawrence, Kansas, Journal (Rep.). What the Republican party needs is unity, and a candidate who will poll its full vote. Mr. Edmunds describes the only kind of a man who can do this. The man who can do this is Senator Ingalls. No one East or West will question his ability.
National Republican (Rep.). The David B. Hill boom is billed for inflation at five different agricultural fairs. Isn't it time for Mr. Cleveland to invest in hayseed hair dressing?
the States here grouped will not hold another State convention until after the Presidential candidates for 1888 are placed in the field. The delegates who have given the Globe-Democrat their views are representative men in their respective parties, and fairly reflect public sentiment in the States in which they reside. It is from those men also that Presidential delegates are selected. The States embraced in this inquiry extend from Ohio and Indiana, in the central group, to Michigan and Wisconsin on the North, Texas in the Southwest, and California on the Pacific slope. Every shade of Presidential preference is here presented, at a period sufficiently distant from the last Presidential election to permit both parties to form an intelligent opinion as to the strength and popularity of the leading aspirants for the Presidency and their claims upon their compatriots. Of course there is a possibility that the coming year and a half may bring new men and new issues to the surface in our politics. But the Globe-Democrats inquiry has demonstrated that if the National conventions were to be held at any time in the coming six months Blaine and Cleveland would be made. the standard-bearers of their respective parties on the first or second ballots.
AN AWFUL EXAMPLE TO THE TORIES.
Pittsburgh Dispatch (Ind.), September 11. An explanation of the American sympathy for the Irish cause is offered to the English by an American evidently of the Tory-worshiping class in a letter published in the London Times. He intimates that the Irish in America have not only captured the Democratic party, but are making strong moves toward bringing the Republican organization also under their control. Without .considering it worth while to discuss the full truth of this proposition, it may be remarked that the Irish vote is a desirable thing for the politicians of both parties in this country. Indeed it is also for the politicians of both parties in England. It is just about a year since the Tories were bidding for the Irish vote; since when Mr. Gladstone has captured it, and Lord Randolph Churchill is making tentative efforts to get it over to his side. Supposing the dreadful state of affairs stated by our Anglomaniac friend to be true, then is it not a warning to England ? If the agitation of the Irish issue has subjected America to Irish rule, as alleged, what will it do to England ? If the Irish have a mortgage on both the Republican and Democratic parties here, how long at the present rate of progress will it take them to get a fee-simple on the Liberal and Tory organizations of England, unless the Irish question is settled up and put out of politics forever? Our Tory-loving American really furnished to the Tories, instead of the comfort he intended, the most dreadful picture of their danger. If they do not hurry up and get the Irish out of the English Parliament and into a parliament of their own, they may be subjected to all the horrors of Irish domination exemplified in the United States.
PREFERENCES IN BOTH PARTIES.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat (Rep.). Tue following tabulated statements present an analysis of the Presidential preferences of the delegates to the Republican State conventions of Ohio, Iowa, Texas, Michigan, Illinois, Missouri, Indiana, and Wisconsin, as well as those of the delegates to the Democratic State conventions of Illinois and California. These conventions have all been held in the past two weeks, and the views of the delegates, concisely expressed, as obtained by Globe-Democrat representatives, were published in this journal at the time. The principal Republican preserences are appended :
Blaine. Logan. Sherman. Allison.
7 32 Missouri
71 One Ohio delegate and one Indiana delegate favored Gov. Foraker as first choice. Robert T. Lincoln was first choice of six Missouri delegates and three Wisconsin delegates. Five delegates of Missouri and two of Wisconsin favored Roscoe Conkling. Senator Edmunds was favored by two Missourians and one Wisconsonian, Senator Harrison by sixteen Indianians and one Missourian, Senator Evarts ly one Missourian and four Wisconsonians, and ex-President Arthur by two Missourians. Of Indiana's delegates, six preferred Hon. A. G. Porter of that State for first choice, one Gen. Sherman, one Gen. Sheridan, one ex-Pension Commissioner Dudley, and one ex-Postmaster-General W. Q. Gresham. Among Wisconsin's delegates five were for Gov. Rusk for first choice, three for Gen. Sherman, two for Mr. Gresham, one for Gen. Fairchild, and one for Senator Hawley, of Connecticut. Blaine, it will be seen, was the choice of more than half of the delegates who expressed any preferences. In fact, his strength exceeded by thirtyone that of Logan, Sherman, and Allison combined. He led in every State except Ohio, Iowa, and Illinois, each of which has a prominent Presidential aspirant among its own citizens. And in all the States here mentioned he led as second choice, except in Indiana, which preferred Harrison. In the Michigan and Texas conventions the sentiment was overwhelmingly in his favor. Logan has a good lead over all other aspirants. The following gives the preferences of the delegates at the Democratic conventions in Illinois and California :
Cleveland. Hill, Thurman. Illinois
28 California .
LABOR DAY POLITICALLY CONSIDERED.
The Craftsman, Washington, September II. LABOR DAY has given, and will more in the future give, the politicians and parasites an idea of the cohesiveness and growing intelligence of organized labor. Already we hear the first notes of the fall campaign, and they do not awaken a responsive thrill in the breast of the ward politician. The new movement may not be successful in every case. It may be sold out, and cheated, and defeated by false promises and betrayed by traitors. All this happens to every new and worthy movement. But defeat will make it the stronger, and teach it to be ever alert in dealing with the old politicians. The ideas promulgated by the hosts of labor are not encouraged by the daily press. Workingmen are urged to array themselves against each other on the tariff and other old issues which are kept alive to hide the questions of life. When organized labor goes into politics in dead earnest it will tell just what it wants, and will work and vote industriously till it obtains it. Of course the politicians will promise all the reforms which labor can ask. They have been promising for years.
We have starved and died, and been shot down and imprisoned, with promises always just ahead, like the ignus fatuus, but they have never materialized. Labor's holiday has shown that we have a large army of men engaged in peaceful pursuits, every man with a vote, and that intelligence is rapidly permeating this vast army. Labor will trust no more to promises. It will attend to the fruition of its own ideas, and will gather the fruit itself.
" Peace hath its victories no less renowned than war."
4 One Illinois Senator preferred ex-Senator McDonald, and one Californian favored Senator Voorhees. Cleveland, however, was the choice of even a far greater proportion of the delegates of his own party than Blaine was of the Republicans. In the Missouri Democratic Convention, held about three weeks ago, the Globe-Derilocrat's interviewers ascertained that the drist of sentiment was equally in his favor, 325 (lelegates favoring him for renomination to 23 for all others. This presentation is valuable as showing the drift of public sentiment on the question of the Presidency about half way between the time at which the last National convention was held and that at which the next National convention meets. Some of
Toledo Blade (Rep.), September 9. There has been much said this year about a mysterious new political organization in the Southwest, called the “ Agricultural Wheel,” with headquarters in Arkansas. It claims to have 40,000 Arkansas voters in its membership, and also that the Knights of Labor had affiliated with materially increasing its voting strength. Had the members of the “ Wheel" all voted its ticket, the Democrats would have been defeated in Arkansas. But the result shows that only a sprinkling of the membership stood by the “Wheel” at the polls. The lesson of this is, that the masses of the people will not leave their party affiliations to vote on a single idea. No party has ever risen to enduring power on the strength of a single issue alone. Here is a moral for our third-party friends. It might be possible for a single campaign to be carried in this way--as witness the Know-Nothing party of the early half of the '50's; but enduring success can not be obtained. People have their own ideas about what the main issue of a campaign, and the issue which our third party friends believe to be the supreme one is not so considered by a large mjaority of the people. Let them learn wisdom from the Arkansas • Wheel” campaign.
Powell, director of the Geological Survey, to the conclusion that the convulsion had its center in the Carolinas, that its area covered one-third that of the United States, and that this vast distance was traversed in fifteen minutes. As near as
Professor Mendenhall can fix the exact time of the shock at Charleston it was RECENT EARTHQUAKES.
9.51.10. Professor Mendenhall, who has just reached Washington from Charles
ton, says it is mistaken kindness to send tents to the sufferers. No one was killed The recent earthquakes that have occurred in Greece, New Zealand, Morea, in a house, all those who died sustained their injuries in the streets from falling Italy, and especially in America have caused great discussion all over the world bricks, stones, and timbers. The people of Charleston, he says, should return to by authorities on science, religion, medicine, and history, besides much comment
their houses, from which they are kept only by fear. The dreaded storm would, on the theories given by these to explain the terrible phenomena. The reader
he believes, do a good service to the people by driving them into the houses where
they would find plenty of shelter. Further, he adds, the wooden houses fared betwill find opinions arranged under their respective heads, with general comment be ter than those of stone and brick. No one was killed by the falling of a wooden low;
house, whereas when the heavier structures gave way their bricks and heavy stone SCIENTIFIC.
trimmings were thrown far and wide, killing and maiming many of the terror
stricken crowd that blocked the streets.
JAPANESE THEORIES OF EARTHQUAKES.
Nature. tists and enthusiastic theorists, in their commendable quest for knowledge, every In the Transactions of the Seismological Society of Japan, Prof. Knott discusses where on the alert, are probing every possible avenue of light except that which, the well-worn subject of earthquake frequency, but in a wholly new and original somehow or another, has amassed sufficient solid information to constitute a relia
way. His object is to determine the effects of the various causes which are said ble basis for actual prediction. Wiggins affirms a change in the center of gravity to influence earthquakes, and his conclusion is that the annual periodicity in earthand poise of the earth, and McGee has already convinced the world that a belt of
quake frequency, when it does exist, finds a possible explanation in the annual our coast has actually slid seaward, one of which theories must have inevitably periodicity of two well-known meteorological phenomena—namely, snow accumuchanged the longitudinal relations to the pole star of every place on the globe; lations over continental areas and barometric gradients. No other cause, he says, the other that of every place on the slide; both of which could be settled in twenty
that can be imagined or named fulfils all the conditions. Mr. Shida describes an four hours by a few astronomical observations, either by our efficient Coast or Geo automatic current recorded of his own invention. The resolution of the Internalogical Survey. Gen. Hazen, too, every dollar of whose plethoric appropriation tional Electric Congress held in Paris in 1884, that observations of earth-currents was so rigidly set apart to some special object that nothing could be used to test
should be pursued in all countries was communicated to various governments, the value of Mr. Capen's method of advanced weather prediction, hesitates not but
that of Japan amongst the number. Mr. Shida is chief engineer to the Japanese hastens to send a supernumerary at considerable expense to look up a matter that
telegraph department, and it devolved on him to take the subject up. To this fact, belongs exclusively to geology and is wholly extraneous from the signal service
doubtless, we also owe the third paper, which is by the same gentleman, on earth. and the weather. In such a crisis every thoughtful man forms his theory and it currents. He describes briefly the work that has been done in the subject in is right and commendable to do so. While all this is going on our expert quietly, the past, what is being done and what might be done in Japan. From an yet as confidently, proceeds as when, in 1871, he predicted an eruption of Vesu
examination of the magnetic observations made at the meteorological department vius, Prof. Palmeri to the contrary notwithstanding. He again announces and de
of Tokio it appears that the declination variations are not the effect of earth-cur. fines the next earthquake period, affirming it to be more severe than that just
rents, for, if this were so, then an increase of the western declination ought to passed and, indeed, the most intense and concentrated that he has ever computed. correspond to a decrease of earth-current flowing from north to south, not an inHe earnestly maintains that no step in actual rebuilding should be taken in
crease, as has been found by actual observation. The results show that both
mag. Charleston till after the next period further than to construct, as expeditiously as netic and earth.current variations are regulated by the same cause or causes, and possible, strong-framed wooden buildings for protection from storms and cold.
that the sun plays an important part in producing the effects which are observed. Science,
The fact, however, that there appear to be two maxima and two minima in these The hypothesis has been advanced by Perrey that earthquakes are connected
variations tends to show that they are in part due to the action of the moon. The with subterranean tides due to the combined influence of the sun and moon, and
study of earth-currents, says Mr. Shida, has not advanced parri passu with other analagous to those in the ocean. At a given point the earth's strata are under the
branches of seismological science, and he desires to establish a system of observation accumulated tension of centuries, and this pressure is slowly but steadily increas
of the currents, and to devise and improve methods of observing. The second ing, until it reaches a point when fracture is imminent. Twice a day the great
part of the Transactions contains an elaborate and exhaustive paper (it fills nearly oceanic tidal waves sweep along the coast, the tremendous changes of pressure due
200 printed octavo pages), by Prof. Milne, on the volcanoes of Japan. It repre
sents the labor and collections of about ten years, and is deserving of special detailed to them being possibly augumented by analagous movements beneath the crust,
notice. We are glad to observe, from a notice sent with the numbers, that the and at a critical moment they add “the last straw” that determines the fracture.
Japanese Transactions of the Society (i. c', those written or translated into Japanese) It is very interesting to notice, in this connection, that at the time of the severe
have now reached their third volume. Taken all in all, this Society is by far the shock at Charleston this tidal influence was at its maximum. The moon was in
most active and thriving of all the learned societies of the far East, and we have perigee at 2 a. m., August 29; new moon at 8 a. m. the same day, acting in a direct line with the sun (the eclipse of the sun occurred at 5 a. m., August 29);
little doubt that it owes a great part of its vitality to the fact that Japanese men of extremely high tides occurred, therefore, for several days following. The moon's
science are pursuing the work inaugurated by Prof. Milne with the enterprise and
ardor of their race. upper transit at Charleston occurred at 2.22 p. m., on August 31. The high tide following (the higher the two daily tides) was at 9.35 p. m., just twenty minutes before the shock cocurred. This remarkable coincidence is, of course, extremely interesting. It seems remarkable that no sea-wave followed the shock,
RELIGIOUS. and indeed it was providential that it did not, as the resultiug destruction and loss
National Republican. of life would have been a hundredfold greater. A sea-wave (often very incorrectly called a tidal-wave) of greater or less size is the almost invariable accom
NOTHING but a deplorable shallowness of brain and heart can account for the paniment of a severe shock occurring near the sea-coast.
sugarcoating to the earthquake pill now being so largely dealt out from various
pulpits. If one-hundred-thousandth part of what is said be true either Charleston The Scientific American.
is the wickedest city on earth, or the Deity plays fast and loose with natural laws The cause of earthquakes, like that of geysers and of volcanoes, is a mystery. and sends a “shaker-up” to Charleston as a sportive method of calling the remuant They very high specific gravity of the earth makes its interior composition quite of the United States to consciousness of their depravity. Charleston is, we guess, uncertain, and assimilates it to that of meteorites. If in a liquid state, the enor not much worse than other cities of the same size, or better--except in the matter mous compression it is subjected to by gravity would probably modify its rigidity of earthquakes, and a repetition of the Egyptian plagues. But what an incarnate somewhat. Even if the earth is solid, but hot, as is probably the case, and is con fiend the monster must be whom people's
vulgar imaginations conjure up as capable tinually cooling, then in the shrinking of the crust we could find a force powerful of voluntarily visiting a city packed with human creatures made after the supposed enough to cause the most intense of earthquake disturbances if it were rightly image of the Creator, and wreaking vengeance on women and children in South directed. The present way of treating the subject is to assume a subterranean Carolina in order that the inhabitants of New York, Dakota, and Nova Scotia, shock given at a place which is called the focus. This is supposed to be subter along with the governor of Texas and the special envoy to Mexico, may be induced ranean, and to vary in its depth below the surface, as a maximum being thirty to bring their headlong careers to a halt. The conclusion is lame and impotent miles. From this focus two series of waves emanate—one longitudinal, resem enough, but it is adamantine strength as compared with the logic of the premises, bling sound waves, and of rapid motion of translation. They are accompanied by which are generally as much wanting in sense as they are deficient in religious the slower lateral waves, resembling the waves of water.
It is the longitudinal feeling or accurate knowledge. For instance, one gifted representative of Jehovah waves that produce the principal results, the others being of little account. The calmly said on Sunday: “While men know little at present of the nature or laws amplitude of waves that cause damage may be very slight. An oscillation in the of earthquakes, they
could prepare for their coming, as the laws of cyclones and earth's surface of 272 inches amplitude will crack masonry. These considerations storns were now fully developed.” What necessary connection has been estab bring the subject within the scope of mathematical treatment, but leave the ulti lished between cyclones and earthquakes, except in the place furnishing an apol mate cause as great a mystery as ever. If a cause for the initial shock can be for ogy for a mind of the learned theologian whom we have quoted 2. But it is not mulated, then the theory will be complete.
enough to prevent earthquakes by understanding cyclones. Our preacher ga Boston Transcript.
ciously advances to sea storms and shipwrecks, just as De Quincey shows that The scientists sent to Charleston by the Government to make observations of the
murder ought to be avoided generally, not because it is bad in itself, but because earthquake have collected a great amount of interesting data, which leads Major
eventually it may lead to stealing, thence to swearing and laziness, from which degradation the descent is easy to the lowest depth of Sabbath-breaking. Hearker
to the voice of the wise man: “ With due care and the observance of well-known
MEDICAL. 'indications maritime disasters could in a very large degree be avoided.” But soft! Here comes the soverign balm for the wounds of people who have lost their friends,
New York Medical Journal. their wealth, and health in the Charleston catastrophe : “ There were owners or commanders of vessels who have never lost a ship or life.” We don't envy the Such a calamity as has overtaken the fair city of Charieston is likely to involve mind of any man who could violate the Sabbath and his holy office by such paltry certain consequences that call for consideration from a medical point of view. platitudes which make us only feel that if we had ever happened to be in the Some of them are chiefly of interest in a theoretical way, but most of them are of position of a great first cause, and our misrepresentations on earth took upon them intense and many of them of urgent import to the people of the afflicted town. selves the mystery of things after this fashion, we should be inclined to repeat the But they are not all necessarily of a gloomy nature. It does not seem irrational to unhallowed language of the mortal poet :
entertain the expectation that some good will be found to have resulted from the
earthquake in individual instances. It goes without saying that the emotional It is all very well to dissemblo your love But why did you kick me down stairs ?
strain under which the people of Charleston have been trying to bear up ever
since the catastrophe took place must have had a very pronounced depressing But the morality is even more objectionable than the belated intelligence mani
effect, especially among the blacks. In many cases it has doubtless turned the fested in this method of improving every terrible occasion pro bono publico. In
scale in the fatal direction with invalids, and it has probably on premature stead of telling the man in every walk of life who “puts sand in his sugar that
labor, with all its attendant perils heightened by the abnormal situation, in the earthquakes are sent to warn him, the true preacher, not being an idiot, would say:
case of many a poor woman. Emotional excitement, however, especially in the · My friends, I don't know anything about earthquakes. I don't think they do
form of sudden and intense shock, is occassonally not only not injurious but posithemselves. But I do know that all of us who are humbugs shall be punished,
tively beneficial, as is well known to alienists. Certain forms of insanity - somesooner or later, by earthquake or otherwise, therefore don't put sand in your moral
times yield entirely and somewhat suddenly to a profound mental or emotional imsugar, and then let old mother earth quake as much as she pleases.
pression. Especially is this observed in cases of mental derangement of puerperal Boston Globe,
origin, after the acute maniacal stage has given way to a lingering melancholia. The scientists who went to Charleston to investigate the causes of the earthquake light up the gloom that has settled on Charleston; indeed the statement is already
We may entertain the hope, then, that something of this sort may have happened to expressed their indignation to the reporters that the clergy, instead of attributing
current that a lady of that city who for many years had been afflicted with aphonia it to rational causes, were content to rest the matter by ascribing it to the providence
suddenly recovered the power of speech under the terror inspired by the earthof God. That the conflict of science and religion should thrust itself before the
quake. That case, to be sure, was not of the character that we have specially alpublic over this sad calamity is rather humiliating to contemplate. It shows that
luded to, but, considered as a neurosis—and it seems reasonable to so consider itdogmatism is not confined to tlreology, but appears wherever a hobby is erected. However, men may question the propriety of ascribing the sad fate of Charleston's
its sudden termination may be looked upon as strengthening the hope we have exloneless people to Divine Providence, it is certain that as a sedative to reconcile
The Medical Record. them to their fate it did some good and could not possibly do them any harm. On the other hand, a dispatch from the stricken city says that the unfortunate people
In the telegraph reports of the calamity which has visited Charleston much “are so confused by the statements and predictions of scientists that they are
is said of the general distress which prevails, and instances of individual sufdespatr." When a man becomes hide-bound to his scientific creed he is apt to
ering are related, but we do not remember to have seen any mention of think everybody a fool who does not share his theories. This has been the case
the trials of the physicians. As is usual at such times, they have been silently with the various experts who have figured on the causes of the earthquake. Each
going about doing good and administering to the needs of others, while derides the theory of the other as preposterous, ridiculous, and absurd, till finally
themselves homeless and ruined. Yet the wants of the business classes and of the the untutored inind inclines to believe that one scientist knows about as much about it
laborers and others are telegraphed abroad, and appeals for help for them are as the other, and that the whole of them put together know very little indeed. The
made, while the physician, too busy in his work of mercy to think of himself, is poor people who gathered in the shattered churches of Charleston last Sunday suffering and toiling without one word of recognition or even thanks. We are were in no frame of mind to listen to fine-spun theories on the causes of their
permitted to present the following extract from a private letter from one of Charlesaffliction, They needed consolation, and the clergymen administered it in the old
ton's best known physicians to a medical gentleman in this city. “ We are disappointed way. This may not suit the scientist in his study, but that is no reason
tressed,” he writes, “ alınost beyond endurance. Our women and children are our why he should be indignant at the clergy. When clergymen go out of their way
sources of anxious solicitude. May God protect them in the open field, tenting in to ridicule science they leave themselves open to retort; but intelligent clergymen
the night air! My entire family—wife and four children, the oldest eleven years do not do this. Provided science and theology both keep their own ground there
of age—are out of house and home, like, hundreds of other sufferers." We think is no call for a quarrel, and when a calamity like that which has stricken Charleston
little more need be said to show the necessity of speedy aid for the sufferers among is made the basis of one it is rather disgraceful. In this case science appears to
our own brethern in Charleston. There are no doubt many cases of individual have been the aggressor. The scientists seem to be in bad humor over their own
want among medical men and their families, for while their services are in demand, failure to agree on a verdict.
and they are busied in attending to those suffering from injuries and the results of
exposure, yet they are seldom paid, at lcast in cash. Their families are homeless and Birmingham, Ala., Age.
must be provided for, but food and shelter are not to be obtained without ready THE clergy of Charleston assembled their socks as best they might, on Sunday money in such tiines, and ready money the physician but rarely obtains. last, and discoursed reverently to them upon the heavy dispensation of Providence
New Orleans Times-Democrat. surrounding their homes. The clergy attributed the earthquake to God's special visitation of sin with suffering. Now, at that very time there were wise men from
A STRANGE incident of last week's earthquake shock is the recovery of the power the East come to the afflicted city to search out the meaning of the subterranean
of speech by Miss Mamie Martus, daughter of a retired officer of the regular army, trouble. The scientists claim that until they had been given time to publish a
at Savannah, Ga. At the close of the war her father was put in charge of Forts theory, the clergy should not have prejudiced them by proclaiming there could be
Pulaski and Jackson, below that city. While at the former fort the daughter, then no theory to publish; the event being one sent specially by God for a prescribed
a bright, intelligent child, had an attack of meningitis, which left her voiceless. purpose, viz: the chastisement of the city. The scientists, unfortunately, could
The best medical skill was obtained, and the father took his aslicted child travelgive no very good and sufficient reason for their opinions, and by opinions alone
ing, but nothing did her any good. She was dumb, but had all the other senses. could they appeal to men's confidence. The clergy only repeated the teachings
During the excitement of the first earthquake shock Tuesday night, August 31, she familiar to their flocks, and turned the desolation around hem for illustration.
in her fright attempted to call her brother. He was frightened himself when he The scientists, after their manner, and the clergy aster theirs, unite to declare the
heard her whisper his name. Since then she has gradually regained her voice, littleness of man in the presence of his Creator. The scientific explanation of the
and now talks with perfect fluency. She says she was almost delirious with joy earthquake will some day come, and stand in harınony with the word the clergy when she found that she could speak. Her voice was low and her throat sore for proclaim, whether rightly understood by them now or not. At least such has been
three days, and she had trouble in finding words to express her thoughts. It was the ultimate concurrence of the two in equally great trials in the past.
much like learning a new tongue, except that she knew the words but had forgot
ten how to pronounce them. City physicians are deeply interested in the case. Baltimore Nemus.
Their explanation is that the recovery was due to intense mental excitement. THERE is one good result at least of all this——it has strongly stimulated religious feeling. Several persons in the afflicted districts have become deranged from terror. Thousands of others, still retaining their minds, are yet overcome with a
GENERAL consciousness of their sinsul lives hitherto and are doing works of repentence and amendment. There is a very widespread agreement that the end of the world
The Hour. can not now be postponed much longer. Certainly the end of the world will ar The Charleston earthquake was the severest visitation of the kind which has rive soon for very many, as it does, indeed, for myriads over the globe every day. occurred in the northern part of our continent within the historical period. It exThe lesson that all should be prepared is one that, whether earthquakes occur or tended over a vast area of territory, comparatively speaking thickly settled and not, is always in order. As to the colored people, it is something to be thankful built up, so that the opportunity for accurate observation was excellent. Within for that the spring chicken and watermelon season is practically over, so that the more than twenty-five States in which the shocks were felt are a large number the powers of darkness will be deprived of some of their most potent means of of Government and collegiate observatories, together with a considerable proporseduction. There is, as the newspapers show, a great awakening all over the tion of the Signal Service stations, but, unfortunately, very few of the gentlemen South. People are praying who have not been on their knees for thirty and whose business it is supposed to be to watch phenomena of this kind were at their
Some of the oldest and toughest sinners feel softened. The posts; or, if they were, they had not been provided with the proper instruments. shake-up has accomplished more conversions in a short space than all the ex As a result, not a single accurate observation, so far as we have yet seen, was taken. hortations of the preachers since the war. In this respect, is the convulsion did The neglect of the officials in Washington, according to the reports from that city, some physical damage, it exerted on the other hand, in a spiritual way, an incal is positively scandalous. The National Observatory at that point is supposed to be culable amount of good.
one of the best equipped institutions of the kind in the world—it has certainly cost
money enough to make it somand yet it has sent out only a few words which are of no more value from a scientific point of view than the data of the terrified Western Union operators which appeaaed in the morning newspapers under the pretentious and misleading classification of “the reports of the Associated Press.” It was only ten o'clock when the convulsion occurred, but the astronomers appear to have been all in bed. There is a set of seismic instruments in the top of the Washington monument at the national capital, but, for some unaccountable reason, they were not in place. This is the loftiest structure in the country, if not in the world, and the possible effects of an earthquake upon it have been, ever since its completion, a subject of more or less speculation. If a record had been made there it would have been of very great value, but, owing to official neglect and stupidity, not a pulsation has been recorded. In another department of the Government the instruments, which had been purchased, perhaps years ago, for a similar purpose, were packed away and found covered with dust. They appear never to have been used. The single observation which the four or five different scientific corps at the capital have made public was made by an officer in his room. This gentleman, we are told, “improvised a rough substitute for å seismoscope out of a tumbler of water placed on a stand in the centre of the room and the high headboard of the bedstead served as a rude seisometer.” By means of the tumbler, the water, and the head-board of the bed, he made some observations which are paraded in the newspapers as Government records, and will doubtless in due time appear in the Government reports nicely printed and expensively bound. It is fortunate that the officer in question had at his hand this happy combination of a high-backed bedstead and a tumbler; otherwise we should have no official data at all. Surely some one is to blame for this outrageous neglect of duty. It is a very great pity that so splendid a chance to add to the science of seismology has been lost. All the costly appliances and instruments were of no more use than if they had never been invented. If the gentlemen who boast of their zeal in the interests of science, and who are so well paid for devoting themselves to its pursuit, had been at their posts it could not have occurred. If even only a small percentage of them were on hand we should undoubtedly be in possession of far more valuable information on this important department of knowledge than we now have. The sudden activity of the western geyser should have given them a hint that something unusual was likely to occur. They might have read in the cable dispatches about the earthquake a few weeks ago in Greece. There is a theory that there is some possible connection between eclipses of the sun and subterranean outbursts. We had an eclipse in the western hemisphere in the beginning of the week before, but all experience of the past, together with the warnings of the present, were of no use whatever. When the hour came the scientists were, in all probability, hundreds and thousands of miles away, disporting themselves, perhaps at the fashionable watering places, or making the foreign tour with no one behind to take their places. The opportunity, as we have said, has been lost, and it is to be hoped that it will not again present itself for generations to come.
The Nation. THE small extent of knowledge respecting the causes of earthquakes, even among those scientists who have given the subject most attention, is strikingly shown by an incident which has just happened in London. Prof. Dawson, principal of McGill College in Montreal, read on Wednesday week before the British Association an exhaustive paper on the geological formation of the bed of the Atlantic, with especial reference to its bearing upon the question of earthquakes. The paper was highly praised and regarded as a valuable contribution to the discussion, but within a day came the full account of the Charleston upheaval, and Prof. Dawson now frankly makes this confession :
“The phenomona of the present earthquako convulsions in America and elsewhere, but particular in Amorlca, are extremely puzzling, and, completely upset somo of the conclusions set forth in the address I read last evening." *
While the South is suffering from earthquake shocks, the North is having a terrible visitation from earthquake theories; they attack the brain and produce a more or less serious mental deterioration. The earthquakes centering in the Caro. linas have been ascribed to sunspots, to lunar action, and to the linear pull of a string of planets; to the earthquakes in Greece, 'to volcanic action, to chemical action, to electric action. Hardly any attention is given to the simplest and most natural of all explanations, and only the most cautious theorists venture to suggest that the Carolina earthquakes due to earthquakes in Carolina. Volcanoes and earthquakes are so commonly associated that the reporters may well be excused for finding signs. of eruption in every crack in the ground that gives forth bad-smelling water and mud.
Detroit Free Press. The land slide theory by which Professor McGee explains the recent seismological disturbances is finding a great deal of favor. It is plausible in that it harmonizes with nearly all the observed phenomena; and it is interesting because it opens up a vast and novel field for scientific and unscientific speculation. The theory is not wholly new, for the land slide on a small scale has long been known; but it has never before been known or suspected that the land slide on so gigantić a scale as to embrace a fourth of a continent was among the possibilities. Scientifically or unscientifically considered the theory is a very important one and has a very important bearing, not only upon individuals but upon states and nations. It has long been one of the periodical jokes—which it is the bad fashion of our day to call
chestnuts—that somebody's farm had slid out of one town or county into another and raised serious questions of title. In the light of this theory of Professor McGee's this ceases to become a joke and takes on a very serious aspect. The theory is that the rock foundation in South Carolina slopes from the mountains of the Appalachian system and that there has been a general movement southward and seaward of the entire mass of superincumbent soil. How far back the movement can be traced has not yet been determined; but it is clearly apparent if the theory is sound that it either extended—or in time may extend—at least to the line in the Appalachian range where the rock crops out. A movement of that extent means not only a vast physical disturbance but a serious derangement of State lines.
How can it possibly be determined even now without a survey whether North Carolina has not trespassed bodily upon the South Carolina line, while her neigh. bors to the north have invaded her territory in a similar way?
Detroit Tribune, It is high time to call a halt on the alleged scientists who are so voluminous in predictions as to what is now going to happen in the way of seismic disturbancefrom the officious ignoramuses in the departments at Washington down to the offensive assumptions of E. Stone Wiggins. They are making a bad matter worse by flying into print with what are alleged to be scientific predictions of further trouble, and there can be no doubt that their haphazard guesses are doing the city of Charleston mucn permanent harm. It is beginning to be a serious question, in fact, whether the work of the “scientists” has not been more disastrous to the city than the earthquake itself. The people of shaken sections of the country would do very well, in view of the exceeding freshness of these forecasting quacks, to remember that in the present state of knowledge concerning their causes, all predictions as to earthquakes are mere guesses. It is possible that other shocks may occur at Charleston and elsewhere, because a repetition of certain causes world be very apt to result in a repetition of their effects. But it is equally probable that, having had its “ shake,” Charleston may never experience another. At any rate it is certain that the pretenders to scientific foreknowledge of what is going to happen in this direction are mere guessers, and that they are therefore unscientific quacks. Major Powell, Professors Newcomb, Dawson, Mendenhall
, and McGee, and s Prophet” Wiggins all appear to be in the same boat. They have made guys of themselves, and discredited science,
Troy Telegram. The conclusion to be drawn from the fact that so many savants of equal prominence have each a different theory as to the cause of the Charleston earthquake is that as yet we know very little regarding these disturbances, and in the absence of definite knowledge as to cause all prediction of future shocks must be based on theory. But we are gaining knowledge every day, and it is worthy of attention that men of recognized ability, not weather prophet cranks, have the courage to make such bold and startling assertions. The fulfilment of Professer Devoe's prediction, for instance, would go far toward proving his theories as to cause. Another shock in the vicinity of Charleston would be regarded as a vindication of the "seaward slip ” explanation of Professor McGee, and so each sayant would find in the character of recurring shocks something to sustain his ideas. From all the knowledge thus gained, there may be in time evolved a basis for the prediction of earthquakes just as it is now possible to foretell the time, direction and character of great storms, but until there is positive verification of some of these predictions, the public will pay little attention to them.
New York Herald. WHILE So many earthquake theories of the Charleston catastrophe are under discussion it is noteworthy that the Atlantic ocean has recently been remarkably placid. The commanders of the steamers Etruria, Greece, City of Chicago, and City of Rome, who have recently arrived at this port
, report smooth seas, with little swell, during most of the transatlantic passage. This fact is very important in any scientific effort to determine the cause of the earth waves. While it is barely possible that the great shock may have been propagated from the central Atlantic bed, such a thing is very improbable in the absence of large sea waves, which would have been seen in the main routes of ocean commerce. This evidence strongly favors the hypothesis that the fatal earthquake wave was not propagated from the deep ocean bed, but originated on the continent itself in the displacement of the earth's crust somewhere within the Carolinas. It is probable, therefore, that any disastrous shock at Charleston hereafter will be heralded, as that of August 31 was, by several slight shocks.
Boston Journal. But it does not appear that from all these observations there is deducible any clear and entirely satisfactory theory as to the cause of these disturbances; still less, any data from which it would be practicable to predict them and prescribe their limits. Various theories are advocated by different observers and students. According to one, the cause is chemical degradation which works changes out of sight; another attributes it to volcanic evisceration,
which must be followed by a readjustment of the
earth's surface to fill the emptied space; another makes the cause the result of faulting, or breaks in the rocky surface of the earth; another attributes it to explosions of steam from the interior; while other theories include the attraction of heavenly bodies, the effect of tides and fluctuations in temperature among the elements of the problem. This variety of theories indicates how little science really knows of the tremendous forces which are at work beneath the earth's crust.
Evening Wisconsin, There is not much difference between the Charleston negroes who thought the world was coming to an end, and who prayed and sang hymns, and the alleged scientists who think it significant that a couple of bright meteors were seen some time during the shocks, that the spots on the sun were abunda haze was observed in the air," and that electrical disturbances took place.
that a yellowish
The Standard. What is the immediate cause of these earthquakes can only be conjectured. It is natural to connect the American calamity with those in Europe which imme diately preceded, or, as in the Smyrna shocks, were actually coincident with them. Vet, unless the tremor
which seemed to have had its focus in the Levant was prop agated for more than two thousand miles under the Atlantic without losing force, the connection is somewhat hard to establish. It is not improbable that in time we may learn of disturbances in other parts of the world, which may materially
assist us in formulating a theory. Hitherto, however, no great ocean waves seem ing us unprepared in boats of that size. But come what may, the Mayflower is the to have struck either the Atlantic or the Pacific coasts, so that serious movements queen of this year, for all its seasons, and their compliments and ours go out to her in the Pacific or in mid-Atlantic are unlikely.
and her owner in the fulness of a pleased and patriotic heart. Daily Telegraph.
National Republican, September 14. WE are all undoubtedly playing about on a powder barrel, as far as the thinness MR. HENN seems to have sent a boy on a man's errand, and the Mayflower's of the crust of the globe is concerned, and we only regard the position with equa owner reversed the process. It is not very gratifying to be told upon the authority nimity in England, because we are so rarely reminded of it by a personal expe of the New York Herald, that, in the opinion of the best-informed men on yachtrience of these unwelcome phenomena. The American earthquake, of which we ing matters, the Galatea is only a second-class boat. One gentleman then gives may hope we have now heard the worst effects, is another indication of how little
her record, which, if correct, 'shows that she is a very, very second-class boat. we really know of the forces of nature, at whose mercy and by whose forbearance The owner of the yacht is described first. “ He is a splendid fellow, and we like we carry on our daily life.
him, but his yacht is not a racing craft. She is good enough for cruising in, and Daily News.
when he rigs her as a yawl she will make a comfortable boat for sailing about the The loss of property in Charleston alone is estimated at two million of dollars; Mediterranean, or, for that matter, anywhere else Mr. Henn's fancy may lead him. but this is hardly worth taking into account as a check on the enterprise of an But I tell you emphatically that the Galatea is not a racer." As if this were American city. The recent shock in Italy was so localized that it has been possi not sufficiently damning with faint praise, the speaker is wicked enough to prove his ble, as our Naples correspondent reports, to invent a story of a peasant who had to statement: “ Just look at the Galatea's record,” he said, “and no sensible man ask his way to the earthquake when the news arrived. No man throughout the can come to any other conclusion. She was launched in the spring of 1885, and length is not throughout the breadth of the United States could have asked that was entered in several regattas that year. She sailed several matches, too, this question on Tuesday.
season, and with what result?. All she won was one second prize, and unless she improves with age I don't think she has much chance of winning another.” It is surprising that the managers of the race did not find out all this before the match
was made, but under the circumstances it is natural enough that the New York SPORT.
Yacht Club should now conclude to decline the challenge, hereafter, of any boat whose record as a racer is not of the first class. It is a deplorable waste of force to
send a man on a boy's errand. THE INTERNATIONAL YACHT RACE.
New York Herald, September 12. The international yacht race between the American sloop Mayflower and As had been anticipated the Mayflower had no difficulty in successfully defendthe English cutter Galatea resulted in a decided victory for the American ves
ing the America's cup against the attack of the Galatea. The English cutter may
be a very able boat in her own waters, but here she seems out of place and at the sel in both of the two trials, the latter of which came off on Saturday, September
mercy of any one of the four big sloops which American enterprise and skill have II. Opinions on the superiority of the Mayflower, the benefits following such constructed in order to keep on this side of the Atlantic the international trophy. friendly rivalries, &c., will be found in the following selections:
The cutter was sailed excellently yesterday. She ran very fast and also did capi
tal windward work, but soon after the start it became evident that she was no New York Tribune, September 12.
match for the Mayflower. The Boston boat maintained her high reputation based The international yacht race yesterday showed conclusively that “cutter weather” on the many successes of this her first season, and at the finish the cutter was beis still more emphatically sloop weather, so far at least as the Mayflower is con tween four and five miles astern. This wide difference was due not altogether to cerned. It is true that our British cousins have hedged” from the first, by pro the superiority of the sloop's sailing, but was owing in a measure to the freaks of testing that the Galatea is not a fair representative of their fastest cutters. That the breeze. The sloop showed that she could have beaten her rival easily, but she is not a fast enough cutter for the best type of American sloop has certainl the victory would not have been so marked had the fortune of the wind favored been demonstrated beyond cavil. If she is not the best the English yacht builders each boat alike. We hope the Galatea will have better luck in the Newport race, can produce that is not the fault of our yachtsmen, who are only too anxious to in which Mr. Henn has promised that the cutter shall sail. A consolation prize to meet a boat which shall by common consent of the cutter champions be acknowl take across the water would take the rough edge off the Galatea's signal defeat. edged a complete model of their best type. The fact that the Irex has been We trust, also, that the Irex will come over next season. English cutters are claimed to be a faster boat than the Galatea will no doubt afford the cutter men a handsome boats and we like to see them in our harbor. To speak the candid loophole for escape from the conclusion that yesterday's race settles the cutter truth, a yachting season without the excitement of a battle between English and sloop controversy in favor of the latter; but people who are not biased will generally American yachts would be, in the estimation of many sportsmen, rather dull and hold that the Galatea fairly represents her type, and that in her successive defeats tedious. its inferiority has been manifested. Lieutenant Henn, of the Galatea, has had an
Cleveland Plain Dealer, September 12. unpleasant experience, for it is no slight test of any man's equanimity to bring a yacht 3,000 miles only to see her beaten at every point in her own weather. But The last of the contests this year for the America's cup has been made, and the it is some consolation to him to know that his gallantry, courtesy, and unfailing cup remains in the custody of the New York yacht club, subject to challenge from good nature have been fully appreciated by American yachtsmen and the American any English yacht in the years to come. So far the attempts to win back the tropnblic, and that while it is not in human nature for the victors to refrain from ex phy proudly borne away from English waters by the schooner-yacht America ultation, their rejoicing is tempered by admiration and sympathy for so worthy an thirty-five years ago have been in vain. The improvements made in English yachts antagonist. The America cup remains in its present keeping, but the results of have been more than kept pace with on this side, and though the newcomer might the last two years' contests can not but be stimulating to the pride and the inven possibly have outsailed the American winner of the previous year she finds her
. tion of our cousins, and if, perchance, they are led to depend less confidently upon self opposed by a new boat with all the merits of her predecessor and some addithe inspiration of Mr. Beavor-Webb, and are moved by bitter experience to modify tional. It is gratifying that the contests of last year and this have been conducted their conservatism in yacht-building, the final outcome may be a boat which will on both sides in the best possible spirit. The American yachtsmen have done give our big sloops all the work they can handle. In the meantime we are entitled their utmost to make the visitors feel that they were in the hands of friends, and to claim that the cutter model has been found wanting, and until the English or every possible proof has been given that the desire was not to keep the trophy un. some other nation can bring forward a yacht capable of out-footing the Mayflower less it fairly belonged here, but that the best boat should win, whether she was we may without immodesty assert that we hold the yachting championship of the American or English. On the other hand the visitors have behaved admirably,
exhibited no carping or quibbling disposition, and accepted gracefully the defeat New York Sun, September 12.
which their competitors endeavor to soften by additional courtesies. The internaIr the piece of silver known as the America's cup could speak, it would proba
tional yachting contests of last year and this have tended to strengthen good feelbly say that of the seven yachts which had fought the seven battles for its posses.
ing between the people of the two countries and have at the same time done very sion the greatest of all was the conquerer of the Galatea. As a sloop is the
much to revive the maritime feeeling which greatly needed reawakening in this superior of a schooner, and of our three single stickers that have fought for the
country. cup the Mayflower is the best, she must stand as the queen of this coast. The
Philadelphia Press, September 13. America, thé Magic, the Columbia, the Madeleine, the Mischief, and the Puritan THE Mayflower should go to England and come back with her cup larder have gallantly and victoriously preceded her, but her pre-eminence will not be stocked. It is all very well to defend the America trophy and to build fast boats disputed by them any more than it can be now by the Galatea. A noticeable dif
to that end in sizes and shapes to suit the successive Britons who may be seized ference between this race and the Puritan-Genesta race was that the Mayflower in with covetousness therefor. But this is not exactly the same thing as beating the running down to the stakeboat beat the Galatea by thirteen minutes and forty-five English at yachting, and yet the zest which the Galatea and Genesta contests have seconds, while before the wind the Genesta beat the Puritan by two minutes and stimulated in nine out of ten Americans who care anything about the sport or six seconds. So superior does the Mayflower appear to be to the Galatea in every about international rivalry of this sort depends almost entirely on the conviction point of sailing that it might almost be safe betting that she would beat her some that our victories demonstrate our superiority in an absolute sense. The Galatea how with both headed dead into the wind's eye. But can the poor cup, which is is not the fastest cutter afloat, perhaps, but there is little doubt after the races which at the mercy of any adventurous yacht to try for, be sure that the danger of being have just taken place that neither the Irex nor the Marjorie would have fared very carried back to England is over, and that the swiftest champion from the other much better had she been in the Galatea's place. But it is entirely open to the Engside has presented herself here and been defeated ? Is our boat beyond question lishmen to maintain that the truth of this depends upon the wind and weather the best on the British coast, as she is on our own? That still must be considered rather than on the absolute superiority of the Mayflower. Would this admirable undecided. The Irex, a cutter of the Galatea's class, is better, and she is not un sailer sail so admirably in British waters, with the chop sea and cap-full breezes likely to be seen here next year. Then it would not be surprising, now that the there to be encountered ? This is a question which Englishmen may fairly ask, Britishers have their hand in in sending yachts here, if a smaller boat, for instance and until it is summarily answered by actual experiment all that can be said to be the Marjorie or the Tara, of forty or fisty tons, should slip over, in the hope of find positively demonstrated by the Mayflower and Puritan triumphs is the fact that we