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1,838,000. Now these 12 States had a population in 1880 of over. 15,230,000, SO that as yet they are spending less than 70 cents per head annually for public education. Massachusetts public schools in 1885 were attended by about 340,000 pupils, or nearly 20 per cent. of its population in 1880. The same enjoyment of school privileges in the South would bring over 3,000,000 children into the public schools. In other words, a little more than half the children to-day have school privileges in 12 States of the Union. The Post can not wipe out that fact. In Massachusetts in the same year $4,675,000 were raised by taxation for the support of the public schools in their current expenditures alone; including the income from funds, and the cost of new buildings, over $7,000,000 were spent upon public education in Massachusetts, or over $4 per capita of the population. The State of Vermont, from which the Post tried to draw a fearful moral, spends $1.50 a head, but $1.50 will go much further in a community where nearly every family takes a paper

, and where a person who can not read or write is a curiosity. The whole environment is one of intelligence. In the South these favorable conditions are reversed, and the educational expenditure is correspondingly less effective and must be correspondingly greater and more strenuous. We submit that the above statistics show an appalling necessity for the consideration of the educational problem,

sult of the Maine election that presents on the surface any indications of political progress. On the contrary the tendency seems to be in the opposite direction.

Pittsburgh Penny Press (Rep.), September 14. BLAINE was the central figure in the Maine canvass. His speeches were read throughout the country as the remarks not of a local politician, but of a national character. The issue was, primarily, Blaine and anti-Blaine. The returns indicate that the Blaine element carried the State handsomely against the combined efforts of Democracy, Prohibition, and a so-called Labor ticket.

Buffalo Courier (Dem.), September 14. The fact that the Republicans have carried Maine means nothing except that the Republican party is not yet dead but remains one of the great organizations struggling for political ascendancy. The Republicans are entitled to all the comfort which they can derive from that fact.

Detroit Tribune (Rep.), September 14. In all respects, and in every feature of it, the Maine victory is sweeping and satisfactory, a splendid indication of the unassailable vitality of the Republican party, and a clear and unmistakable popular indorsement of the permanent wisdom of Republican principles and policies.

Boston Journal (Rep.), September 14. The Republicans have won a splendid victory by going before the people upon the issues of the hour and without other influence or aid. The result shows that the Republicans can hold their own in the Northern States is they have the courage of their convictions.

Worcester Spy (Rep.), September 14. It is not unpleasant to hear that ex-Governor Garcelon, the chief conspirator in the attempt to steal the State government some years ago, who was yesterday a candidate for Congress, is so far out of favor as to fall much behind other candidates on the ticket,

Indianapolis Sentinel (Dem.), September 14. Tue returns received from Maine indicate that the Democrats held their own, The Prohibitionists increased their vote 200 per cent., and the Republicans suffered large losses, though carrying the State. For a State naturally Republican it is a sorry showing

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MR. BLAINE held to order a part of the Prohibition leaders who worked for him, though Neal Dow opposed him. The Democrats had no hope of success, and went into the battle in a hopeless condition.IIartfurid Times (Dem.), Sep timber 14.

The result is one that the Republicans, and especially the Blaine Republicans, can not find much satisfaction in. So far as the Democrats are concerned it is better than they had expected.—Cleveland Plain Dialir (Dom.), Siptember 14.

The results of the Maine elections are such as have been expected, with the exception, perhaps, that the Republicans have failed, even more than the Democrats, in geiting out their vote.Baltimore Sun (Inud.), September 14.

The news from Maine will be heard all over the country this morning; and from the Republicans of every Slate and Territory will go up the shout: - Well done, Maine!”Pittsburgh Times (Rip.), September 14.

ALTOGETHER the result is very satisfactory to the Republican pariy, and it is an auspicious beginning to the fall elections.—Pittsburgh Commercial-Gazette (Rus.), September 14.

The moral effect of the Mainc election on the campaigns in other States must be to greatly strengthen the Republicans.- Pillsburgh Chronicle-Telegraph (Ind.), September 14.

MAINE appears to have gone for Blaine yesterday as it went for Governor Kent some years ago.-Washington Critic (Ind.), September 14..

The Prohibition vote in Maine does not seem to have come up to anybody's ex pectations.—Ohio State Journal (Rep.), September 14.

THE Maine election news is summed in the statement that the Dutch have taken Ilolland.—Boston Herald (Ind.), September 14.

THE jump of the cat in Maine seems to be of the same old and familiar char: acter.— Pittsburgh Dispatch (Ind.), Si'ptember 14.

BLAINE is happy. Maine went Republican yesterday by the usual majority Atlanta Constitution (Dim.), September 14. MAINE went as usual, only not so much so.

-Cincinnati Enquirer (Dem.), September 14.

FRANCE AND EUROPE.
The Courrier des Etats-Unis, New York, September II.

[Translated for PUBLIC OPINION.] EVENTS which unsold themselves in the East are still full of obscurity, and it would be very rash to venture to predict the final issue, or to presage the complications to which they may give birth. But if the future is still veiled in obscurity. there are in the present truths which predicate themselves, and which it is useful to verify. If it be true that M. de Giers, the Russian prime minister, has threalened to withdraw from the triple alliance in the event that Germany should persist in sustaining Prince Alexander, we would have the key of the sacrifice which M. de Bismarck has made of the interests of Austria, and of his adhesion to the measures which have virtually nullified the Berlin treaty. This threat has brought the Man of Iron to a settlement. He knew that if the feeble ties of the triple alliance, which hold to the thread of Emperor William's life, should be broken, under existing circumstances, Russia would be led to accept the intimate alliance into which France has been disposed to enter with her for so long a time past. That M. de Bismarck fears to look this eventually in the face proves that he appreciates, at their just value, the military resources of France. This involuntary reve lation of his true sentiments, and this acknowledgment that in future he has to reckon with the French army, cannot fail to produce a deep impression upon

European diplomacy, and to contribute notably to restore France to her old place among the great powers. It is unquestionable that the French army is about twice as strong as that of Austria, while Russia can put in tlie field more men than Germany; so that the forces of an Austro-German league would, at the outset, be inferior to those of a Franco-Russian coalition. France, by lending her credit, more over, to her ally, could prolong the struggle with relative facility. England alone woull be capable of furnishing equivalent financial resources, but Bismarck cannot hope to be assisted on that side, whilst the necessity of defending the Indian empire against a Muscovite invasion' ties the hands of England. "It can, then, be readily understood that the Chancellor does not wish, in order to favor the designs of Austria upon the Balkans, to hazard the fate of the German empire on a doubt sul issue of a conflict between Russia and I'rance. Thus, it is the consciousness of the role that France can play upon the European boards; it is the formal knowl. edge of the military power of the Republic, which has forced Prince Bismarck to renounce the scheme conceived at the Congress of Berlin of placing Austria at the head of the Sclav States of the South. Without raising a finger, the French government, by the single fact of the existence of great military and naval forces, which it could combine with those of the Czar, has annihilated the hopes of its mortal enemy, and destroyed the entire diplomatic plot to which, for eight years, he has directed all his energies. Events have been too imperious for the Chan cellor of Iron even.

IIis star, although yet high in the firmament, has passed zenith, and the eclipse of France, which he wished to believe eternal, is very near reaching its full term. Such are the opinions expressed by all the continental press, even by that of countries which, like Germany and Austria, are obliged to bend under the tempest which has overthrown their scaffolding so laboriously built, and even by that of England, touched in one of her vital interests, which is the pivot of her secular politics.

L'Eco d'Italia, New York, September 13.

[Translated for PUBLIC OPINION.] Poor France! She is struck with the persecution mania; the infirmity has been discovered by the Milan Pungolo, which has made of it the following diag. nosis : The whole of Europe hates France. Italy, it is useless to repeat, 15. a great ingrate; they say and resay it every day—the journals which are published in the eighty-seven departments into which the Gr-r-rande Nation is divided. Italy is the natural enemy of France—the Fournal des Debats has solemnly affirmed it. Italy is ungrateful

, because she thinks she has paid France with the present of Nice and or Savoy. 'Of Spain, we do not speak; she, too, is an ingrate, because she forgets that Louis XIV, after having presented her with his grandson, wanted to wipe out the Pyrenees, forgets thai Paris has received with joy the adipose Isabella Il—forgets it all, and to-day is trying to poison her by sending into france from across the Pyrenees, German spirits. England is still the per fidious England,” who, instead of aiding her in her wild enterprises, egotistically looks after her own interests. Austria, another ingrate, who has made herself a handle for Gernany, instead of throwing herself

, heart and soul, into the arms of Ftance. It appeared, until the other day, that Russia made an exception, but Russia has clearly shown she will not Jend herself to be the cat's paw of France, and now Russia is put to the ban with the other nations

. We now come to Gera

SCHOOL APPROPRIATIONS NORTH AND SOUTH

Springfield Republican (Ind.)., September 10. Tue New York Evening Post, by an adroit use of statistics a few months ago, tried 10 show that the Southern States were getting on about as well as the average Northern State in malters of education and really needed no lielp from the Government of the United States. It now prints as confirmatory of this view a table from the New Orleans Times-Democrat of the school attendance and appropriations in the 12 Southern States. These appropriations for 1880 amounted to $6,415,000, when 1,439,000 children were in attendance. In 1885 the appropriations amounted 10 $10,389,000, and the number of children in attendance reached

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many, the “ bete noir” of France. The French papers vie with each other in numbered, they were finally obliged to surrender. Land-thief Clanricarde, who, pulling to pieces a book which has just come out, entitled “Germany and the by the way, resides most of his time in London, where he spends the rack rents he Germans,” from the pen of a certain Jacques Saint Cere. Everything which wrings from his tenants, has apparently won a victory in his first encounter with is found in my book,” says Mr. Jacques, “ is true, and the Germans will, with his tenants. Bụt he and his fellow-thieves will not have long to wait before they difficulty, excite a doubt as to the truth of one of my affirmations. I have find out that such victories are practically useless to them. The spirit that prompteil lived, "he continues, " for seven years the life of a German. I have mastered those brave fellows in Galway to defend that besieged house in the way they their language, and have undertaken, in good faith, to write this book.” This does did is capable of creating a revolution powerful enough to sweep every vestige of not prevent his saying, in “good faith," that the Emperor William, the god of landlordism from Ireland. Suppose every Irish home the crowbar brigade atthe Germans, is a “lady-killer"; that General von Molkte is a “ poseur"; that tempts to destroy were as stoutly defended, does any one suppose that the landBismarck is a “bull-dog”; and that, finally, all social classes in Germany are thieves would have the least chance of succeeding in their war on the Irish people ? vicious and immoral, and that, to describe them, one should consult several But it would by no means be necessary that every attempt at evicting should meet editions of the Pall Mall Gazette. And Mr. Jacques, the man of “good faith,” with such stout resistance as was offered by the brave fellows in Galway. All that who has lived seven years in Germany and is master of the language, ends his is required is that a percentage of evictions be resisted. If that should happen the book with the remark : “ That which is taught to children from the age of five land-thieves, even though backed by all the resources of the English government, years, that which is kept alive in the breast of students of twenty years, is hatred would

be able to successfully carry on their war of extermination. The enorof the French." And while Mr. Jacques reproaches. Germany with the iron mous cost of their doing so would of itself defeat them. The total amount of rent discipline which reigns in all institutions, whilst he says, ironically, that the school collected in all Ireland would be a mere trifle compared with the expense that master in Germany is accounted to be supernatural, that master who teaches respect would be incurred if attempts at evicting were met with anything like general refor father, superior, laws, the emperor, the Gaulois writes a melancholy article sistance. The English government knows this very well. Hence the dread it has upon the deplorable condition in which discipline is found in the French army, shown of a general strike against rent. . It is conscious that if ever such a strike although in the military regulations there is written “ Discipline is the principal takes place it will not be able to put it down. The English government and the force of armies !” As regards us Italians we are looking out, and will do our land-thieves hope that by using vigorous measures in isolated cases of resistance to best to learn something from the examples of others.

rent-paying they will succeed in stamping out anything like a wide-spread anti-
rent movement. The traveler across a prairie who discovers a fire that has been

just started knows that his life depends upon his ability to quench the flames be-
THE OBLITERATION OF ENGLAND.

fore they spread and convert the prairie into a roaring furnace. So it is with the

land-thieves. They feel that if the incipient rebellion against rent-paying be not Courrier des Etats-Unis (Ind.), New York, September 10.

stamped out it will spread and spread until it finally destroys landlordism rool and [Translated for PUBLIO OPINION.]

branch. This explains the readiness the English government displays just now in According to the New York Times, which generally looks at England through

assisting the land-thieves in the work of evicting. It proceeds on the principle a rose-colored lens, that power, which formerly played so grand a part upon the

of resisting the beginnings. We very much mistake the spirit that actuates the theater of the world, has decidedly fallen into a third-class role as respects Euro

Irish people if they are intimidated by this display of England's willingness to help pean politics. She no longer holds the place of a supernumerary even in the

the land-thieves. The seed sown by the Land League agitation has not been sown affairs of the East, where of late she cut so grand a figure. The Times, from an

in vain, as is shown by the determination everywhere displayed to fight landlordAmerican point of view, attaches no great importance to the mode of settling

ism to the death. In the coming war that the land-thieves have wantonly provoked finally the Bulgarian question; but that which interests it, as an independent spec

we believe the Irish people will be in a better position to win than they ever were tator, is the manisest intention of arranging this affair without taking England into

before. When they were last called upon to wield the no-rent weapon they had account any more than if she were not in existence. Russia, Germany, and Aus

no practical experience of its efficacy. Now, however, they know that is they have tria clearly intend to settle the matter at their own convenience. England is left

the courage to faithfully stand by the no-rent programme it will be impossible for completely outside. What follows presents the position of Great Britain in Europe,

the land-thieves to drive them from their homes. We confidently expect that the under an aspect as piquant as novel. In point of fact, for some years past Europe

knowledge of this fact will encourage the Irish people to stand out against the has not preoccupied herself very much with England's opinion upon questions of

payment of rent. If the events of the next few months confirm this expectation of

ours landlordism will receive a blow from which it will never recover. continental politics, properly so called; but Englishmen have not comprehended or have appeared not to comprehend the depth of this sentiment of indifference, masked by a show of deference which sufficed to keep up their illusions while flattering their pride. The opinion of the English government has always been

WOMAN SUFFRAGE IN ENGLAND. asked, for form's sake, as if there were an intention of conforming to it, and she was content with this prestige. At the Berlin conference, eight years ago, England

Boston Journal (Rep.), September 10. posed in all her theatrical glory. Lord Beaconsfield succeeded in flattering the

UNDER the auspices of the English Women's Suffrage Society, a woman susamour propre of the English people by persuading them that it was he himself who was the leader of the orchestra of the European concerts, and that Lord Salis-- House of Commons. The bill is not regarded with satisfaction by some suffragists

frage bill has been drawn up, for which Mr. Woodall is to stand as sponsor in the bury, then his lieutenant, had exercised a sovereign influence in making "peace

for the reason that, while it provides in substance that women are to have the same with honor” issue from an apparent inextricable chaos. In a word, John Bull

voting rights as men, this is straightway limited by a provision “ that nothing in triumphed along the whole line, and Lord Beaconsfield was the greatest statesman

this act contained shall enable women under coverture to be registered or to vote of Europe. England has since had two opportunities to give the measure of her

at such elections.” In other words, the bill enfranchises only widows and spin. political ability, in Egypt and in Asia. The English people have none the less

sters, but gives no privileges to rent-paying wives. Those who defend this provision preserved their high opinion of themselves and of their government, and this conviction has been sustained by the consideration shown them by the other powers.

do so on the ground that while parliamentary opinion is sufficiently advanced to But the veil is now torn off, and the hollowness revealed. Whilst appearances

give votes to single women it is opposed to granting them to wives. To this the

rejoinder is made that in this case there could be no objection to accepting, as an were respected the English saw nothing beyond. Bnt their eyes are being opened

installment, a bill simply enfranchising widows and spinsters, but that this ought and their susceptibilities aroused at a time when, to their great astonishment, the

not to be accompanied with an explicit denial of the right to married woinen. affairs of the world are being regulated without even asking their advice. Alone,

The dissentient members of the society claim that it is illegal to use the organizaand without an ally, England is radically impotent, and a demonstration without.

tion, which was founded and maintained solely to enfranchise women, to deprive fruits would only the more compromise whatever of her dignity is left. These

any qualified women of the right of voting. considerations are not merely a thesis—the issue of a visionary conception, which the situation does not warrant. They are not less evident to the eyes of Englishmen than of Americans, and the London Times is drawn into the current. Speaking of the policy of Germany, it shows M. de Bismarck very indifferent to the

CANADIAN ANNEXATION. interests or to the sentiments of England. The alliance of Russia he has much more at heart than the good graces of Great Britain. He leaves to the latter the

Chicago Tribune (Rep.), September 14. sole charge of her interests, " because he is somewhat sceptical touching the apti THE Separationists in the lower Canadian provinces who disclaim all desire for tude to do it with success.' This latter sarcasm (is it not of a bitter keenness?) annexation to the United States sail to appreciate or are at present unwilling to anM. de Bismarck would have indulgence toward England is he considered her nounce the logic of their situation. They are oppressed by the tariff laid on them powerful and serviceable. But he believes her hardly capable of protecting her by the upper provinces to force them to trade in Quebec, and yet they continue to own interests and he abandons her to her fate. This is typical, and it is the great find their markets in Boston and Portland. An average customs lax of. 25 per London journal which makes this avowal the supreme cry of a lacerated heart. cent. is easier to bear than the costly transport from the " home market," and as the

Canadian tariff has failed to reach the results desired by the upper provinces they

are tempted to increase its rigor rather than make any concessions to Nova Scotia, THE COMING NO-RENT WAR.

New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. The upper provinces have an over

whelming majority in the Dominion Parliament and can act as they see fit. The The Irish World, September 11.

maritime provinces cannot make much progress toward separation until they enlist THE scene enacted in Galway recently on the Clanricarde estate forcibly re the friendly interest of an outside power, but even if they should get themselves minds us that a species of civil war exists in Ireland. A tenant who was to be out of the confederation and resume the status of self-ruling British provinces they evicted converted his house into a sort of fort, and there, with the aid of his neigh would doubtless have to depend for revenues on a tariff of 10 or 12 per cent. as bors, defended himself for several days. A force of police and soldiers were before the federation, and thus they would only cut the evil down one-half instead ordered to take the house by storm. The people for many miles around assembled of getting rid of it altogether. The maritime provinces sell their products and buy to witness the fight between the agents of the land-thieves and the brave fellows their goods in the United States, and they cannot flourish with a tarift wall bewho were defending the extemporized fort. The latter, with no better means of tween them and their natural market. Annexation to the United States is ineviprotecting themselves than boiling water, fought bravely, but as they were out table, but when Lower Canada comes it must be of its own choice,

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canvass.

THE NEXT PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN.

It is absurd to say that it would be possible for him to have achieved his pre-emi.

nence if he had been leading a double life, posing as an upright, conscientious man WHAT IS SAID OF MR. BLAINE. of integrity in public and conducting himself in private like an immoral

, dishonest creature of circumstances. Whether or not it was judicious to have nominated Brooklyn Times (Rep.).

Mr. Blaine in 1884, or whether or not it will be the

policy to nominate him again For a played-out politician, a broken down adventurer, a political charlatan

in 1888, we do not undertake to say. That is for the mass of the Republifor a man who has been found out, beaten at his own game, discountenanced,

can party, in whom we have every confidence, to decide. We do say, how. shelved, retired; one who has been branded by the American public as an out

ever, with sufficient knowledge of what Mr. Blaine has been and what he is cast and a dishonorable man, Mr. Blaine, we notice with interest, still continues

to satisfy us, that no man has ever suffered greater contumely or been more scandalto receive a good deal of attention from the Mugwump papers. One can't pick

ously assailed on account of his devotion to his party than James G. Blaine. These up a copy of the Times or Post without seeing a full column of leaded brevier de

malicious and wicked assaults, as much as his eminent talents and prodigious party nunciation of the Maine demagogue, and anywhere from one to three columns of

service, have endeared him to Republicans all over the country. If Mr. Blaine solid nonpareil. On Shakespeare's grave was carved a curse upon those who dis

shall be nominated in 1888, it will be not only because his party believes in him, turbed his mortal remains. The old proverb which forbids one to speak of the

but because it means to vindicate him from the slanders of an unlicensed press, dead anything but good has passed into every modern language. If Mr. Blaine

of unscrupulous demagogues and their treacherous allies.
is politically dead, as these unco guid people say, why in the name of common

Washington Sunday Gazette (Rep.).
decency can't they let him rest quietly in his grave? The Mugwumps will have
a sweet time of it in November, 1888, weeping and condoling with each other, if

It is not Republican success per se that Mr. Blaine wants—it is the prominently a certain political resurrection that we can imagine really takes place. *

bringing of Mr. Blaine before the public that induces him to take the lead. He Mr. J. S. Moore, the special crank of the New York Times, makes an admirable

forgets he is jeopardizing his party's interests, or rather he does not care. As in suggestion. It is contained in the following paragraph :

New York, in 1882, he would rather see the party defeated than Blaine take a

back seat. Like Caius Cæsar, he prefers to be foremost in a village than second The best solution would be to have the next national ticket headed “Blaine and Ran. dall.” In that case Mr. Blaine would not only get all the Republican protection vote,

man in Rome. Probably he will succeed. It is to be conceded that because of but would also got the Randall protection Democratic vote, whatever there ls of it, while

his past, because of the record he has made, which record is now finished and Mr. Randall would, of course, catch on and succeed.

sealed up, he will for some time be the foremost man of his party in Maine. But Mr. Moore undoubtedly means this for sarcasm, but it wouldn't be a bad idea in national affairs he can not be even second. His race is run. Henceforth, to all the same. According to the accepted standard of division Mr. Randall isn't him the contest for the Presidency must be one in which he will be simply a much of a Democrat anyhow. At any rate, he is a good enough Republican for spectator, the Times if he will only leave the ill-starred Morrison-Carlisle ring to their fate.

New York Times (Ind.). Certain ancient peoples attached great importance to the utterances of idiots, re WE had hoped that Mr. Blaine would explain these letters during the Maine garding them as inspired. Perhaps there was some sense in the superstition

These and the other epistles of the famous Blaine-Fisher correspondafter all.

ence defeated Mr. Blaine when he was running for the Presidency in 1884. They Baltimore Sun (Ind.).

will defeat him again, and very much more disastrously, when he runs for the EVERYBODY remembers the amusing cartoon of “Me and Jack,” which said so

Presidency in 1888, unless meanwhile he shall put forth a perfectly sound and little and expressed so much in a humorously satirical way. But the Me and Jack

satisfactory explanation of his part in the transactions to which they relate. It is at who sat together so affectionately side by side on a very narrow plank during the

present the firm conviction of a very considerable majority of the American people last Presidential campaign have since separated their political fortunes, and each is

that Mr. Blaine parted with his honor in these transactions. Mr. Blaine must regoing his own way in his ambition to reach the seat to which both aspire. Mr.

move that conviction before the ambition of his life can be gratified. We repub Blaine, the “Me" of the cartoon, has emerged from his seclusion and has been

lish the letters in order to call his attention to this urgent necessity.
making speeches in Maine, ostensibly to carry that State this but in reality to

Florida Times-Union (Dem.).
sound the keynote of that greater campaign of which lie hopes to be the standard-
bearer. It must be confessed that Mr. Blaine has learned something during his

The overwhelming victory of Senator Edmunds in Vermont is an equally overretirement. The bitter attack he made on the South and « Southern brigadiers" whelming deseat for Blaine. The Vermont Senator made no secret of his opinion

that Blaine is an unfit man for the Presidency and his attitude during the camimmediately after his defeat at the polls was found to be so little in accord with

paign of 1884 cost Blaine thousands of votes. The Blaine men are keenly aware public opinion that very few even of his most devoted followers took up the cry, and those who did so soon found it politic to drop it. Mr. Blaine now seeks to

of this, and in revenge set out to defeat Senator Edmunds' re-election by every art

that demagogues and tricksters know how to use. The election of Tuesday shows fight the battle of the future on two different issues—one of them old and the other

two things: first, that Edmunds will be re-elected by an overwhelming majority; altogether new. The leading issue is the protective tariff; the secondary issue the

second, that in the most solidly Republican State in the Union it don't impair a terrible fate that is impending over the white workingmen of the country by the

man's strength to have Blaine oppose him. It is the worst blow Blaine has reirruption into the Northern and Western States in the near future of hordes of

ceived since Mr. Cleveland's election.
Southern colored mechanics. This is the new theme on which he dwells with a
gravity that might be alarming if intelligent workingmen did not know that the

Washington Sentinel (Dem.).
number of colored mechanics is comparatively small, that in competition with the

It is poor policy for the great Republican leader, Mr. Blaine, to resort again skilled workmen at the North and West their inferiority would speedily manifest the exploded" fable that tie negroes of the South are the political chattles of the itself; that the controlling power of the unions would presently make itself felt, and Republican party; that while they are counted as a basis of representation they finally and conclusively, that there is work enough for Southern mechanics to do are excluded from the ballot-box, and that thus every white man in Mississippi has at home without their entering upon an unequal contest with the white mechanics

practically two votes against the one vote of every citizen of Maine. The pretense of other States.

that all the colored voters of the South are Republicans is unwarranted and absurd. Boston Herald (Ind.).

It would be most unfortunate if it were true.
Tu action of Mr. Edmunds in the latest Presidential campaign was the first

Richmond Whig (Dem.).
exhibition of independence of party that has come from him. It may not be the

It is generally understood that Mr. Blaine's friends worked hard to secure the last. Ile is not of the class of minds that are whipped into the party traces when

election of anti-Edmunds delegates, and that their signal failure was a source of their convictions are involved. If the Republican party shall repeat its action of

much mortification 10 the Maine statesinan. However this may be, whether con: two years ago in the contest which is to come two years in the future, it may

jecture or reality, Mr. Edmunds' triumph in his own State is complete, and to all be sure that the Vermont Senator will meet it again at Philippi. He will be the Vermont Senator still on that occasion. The election of Tuesday has settled

appearances he will be a more formidable opponent to Mr. Blaine in 1888 than

he was in 1884.
that point. Mr. Edmunds made no apology for his action in refusing to speak
for Mr. Blaine. He simply explained that this was impossible without a sacrifice
of manliness on his part. The voters of Vermont understood the situation,

WHAT IS SAID OF MR. CLEVELAND.
and they have acted in view of it. Some of them called their Senator a Mug-
wump in the canvass.
It is clear that the term at least partially applies to him,

New York Evening Post (Ind.).
but it had no terrors to Vermont voters. They have sustained Mr. Edmunds GENERAL Clark, the clerk of the House of Representatives, has been traveling
just the same. He will go back to the Senate with the consciousness that, if about among the people, and has discovered that the President stands better with
his action was not approved, the exhibition of manhood out of which it came the voters than the Democratic Congressmen have supposed. He predicts that
was sully indorsed.

Vermont stands by her strong men now, as always, and there will not be a word of opposition to the Administration from the Democratic she glories in their strength.

Mr. Blaine's recurrence to the politicians this fall, and says that all the grumbling Congressmen of the last session Southern issue recalls his violent speech in the Senate, for the purpose of have changed their tune. “making an issue,” after which he put his arm around a Southern "friend and

It would astonish you to talk with those mon. Thoy have been among tholr people and assured sin that the speech was “for home consumption.” The partridge is a learnod

somothing. The strength

of Mr.

Cleveland among the people is something be silly bird. It hides its head under a leaf and thinks it is invisible because it can

yond the conception of an ordinary politician. Democrats and Republicans aro aliko for not see. Mr. Blaine's record on the Southern issue is well known. He can

him, and his party critics are not saying a word. I have met a groat many prominont mon who have heeded what was going

on about them, and

they all say the same thing scarcely think that there is "another President in the bloody shirt.”

I met a party of New York business mon, bankers and merchants, mon of wealth and

prominenco. You ought to hear thom talk. Several of the most prominent told me Albany Journal (Rep.).

ihnt they had boon Republicans all thelr Ilves and had voted for Blaine at tho last Presla The friends of Mr. Blaine do not forget that for a quarter of a century he has care, thoy said, who nominated him,

no would

got their votes, and tho votos of thousands been a prominent figure in public life. In all that time, during most of which he liko them would go for him. They prodletod

that if the Democrats falled to nominato was a very conspicuous and active participani in public events. he has had nothing

him, it ho got no nomination at all,'tho pooplo would elect him. They clalmod that but the highest commendation from the best men in both the great political parties.

whnt they said was no moro than was sath by the majority of tho men thoy mot In businoss life. But they were not

the only ones I hoard express themselves with this wild en

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thusiasm. I heard it everywhere I went. The politicians are taking it up. Roprosen was taking off his own to the anti-Chinese agitators. Logan pushed himself to the tative Matson says he was astonished when he got home. Tho people in Indiana aro

front everywhere, to the indignation and disgust of the friends of Gen. Fairchild, all for Cleveland. He could carry the State to-day, Matson says, by 25,000 majority.

the newly-elected commander-in-chief, who is a gentleman in manners and speech. This experience is not novel. Everybody who travels about the country at all has had a similar one. A gentleman who passed through New England recently

Logan made a long political harangue on every trivial occasion, delivered dema

gogue tributes to the soldier, declaimed in favor of extravagant pension legislation said on his return that he everywhere encountered Republicans who said, “Cleve

that the G. A. R. condemn, and Alger went so far as to say that he was in favor land was good enough for them—they liked the way he was going on and did not see any reason for a change."

of giving every Union soldier, sick or well, a pension of $8. This last proposition

was one that excited the indignation of all intelligent veterans, one of whom told Cincinnati Commercial-Gazette (Rep.).

us that had he been an orator he would have then and there denied that the ableWe regard it as settled that Grover Cleveland will be the candidate of his party bodied or self-supporting soldiers, like himself, who gave to the country only what for re-election. One reason is that they have not anybody else. With the possi

the country had a right to demand, wanted any pension of the Government. “Toble exception of Mr. Pendleton all the old Democratic leaders are antiquated, oh.

day,” said lie, “I am proud of my service, but if, as an able-bodied, self-supporting literated, decayed on their feet, or dead. Seymour and Tilden, McClellan and man, I should accept a Government pension, I would part with my finest selfHancock, and Hendricks have passed away. But they are not any more dead in

respect.” Threadbare and stilted apostrophes to the fag, specious talk about politics, a political sense than Bayard. There is not a possible Presidency in Carlisle,

pensions, Chinese acts, was the staple of Logan's talk everywhere; he was not a Morrison, or Randall. Judge Thurman can hardly be considered eligible. Judge

comrade at all, like Sherman, Fairchild, Beaver, or the other leading soldiers, he McDonald has become stale, and we have heard it said that Judge loadly is out was really using the G. A. R. as a goud opportunity to bid for the " soldier vote" of politics. The ponderous President has the field to himself. He is the most and capture the anti-Chinese party. When he came he was the idol of the G. A. intensely ignorant man who has reached the Presidential chair, but he sits down R., but he goes back with the loss of the support of hundreds of veterans, who with great weight. He has no such thing as a policy, but that does not harm him,

came here his warm friends and admirers, because they soon saw that he did not for his party is wholly unprincipled. He has not the slightest influence with Con come as comrade Logan, but as politician Logan, playing the order for what it was gress, and that does not matter, for the Democratic majority in the House did not worth, and arrogantly forcing even the officers of the order to take a back seat know what to do with it, and did nothing. They produced harmony in that way.

whenever he was present. He always had a political speech in his mouth; he There is an evident purpose on the part of the Democrats to do something of the

had the first place, the best seat, the best horse, because he assumed them with that wild-cat stripe in financiering, but this was balanced by the conservatism of the

divine right of kings in politics before which all courteous regard for the rights of Secretary of the Treasury. The Democrats begin to see that the President has

the G. A. R. officers was sent to the wall. He opened his mouth and forgot to done about all he could for them in the distribution of offices, and that while he

shut it until it was too late, Comrade Logan has slain himself in the house of his has professed mugwumpery he has performed as a spoilsman, ready to bestow the friends. Of his military ability there is no doubt, and the value of his services richest rewards for the meanest services. The Mugwumps seem to like it and

to the Union were very great. Logan is a man of clean personal character, and the Democrats have nothing to complain of. Cleveland is their great and only

a good deal of robust vigor in mind and body, but he is not a statesman, chiefly for great man.

the lack of saving common-sense, and self-restraint in speech and action. He

talks fustian; he loses his temper in the Senate on trifing provocations; he lacks Brooklyn Union (Ind.).

that self-respecting habit of absolute self-command that made Grant an impressive The clerk of the House of Representatives has been talking with the people in figure in war or peace, in the camp or the White House. the Western States, and he thinks that “the strength of Mr. Cleveland with the people is something beyond the conception of the ordinary politician,” and that

Minneapolis Tribune (Rep.). “ Democrats and Republicans are alike for him.” Senator Cockrell, too, says that

EASTERN contemporaries are drawing very unwarranted inferences from the he has been “ around among the farmers of Missouri a good deal lately, and they

hearty welcome accorded General Logan in Minnesota last week. We must conare satisfied with him.” It is hardly true that there is anywhere any such popular heavy inroads upon Blaine's strength and popularity” in this state. There was

fess to amusement when we read that the Illinois Senator “succeeded in making hero-worship of Mr. Cleveland as there was in many Democratic communities of Mr. Tilden or even of Mr. Hendricks, or there is in certain Republican communities

nothing whatever to indicate that Logan's visit had any political purpose on his of Mr. Blaine and Mr. Logan. It is rather the approval of the people than their

part or resulted in affecting the Presidential preference of a single voter. He was affection that Mr. Cleveland has gained. Those who have respect for the people's

welcomed by the veterans as a gallant soldier and a leading spirit in the Grand judgment have long been aware of this popular approval, and the only significant

Army. By citizens generally his visit was deemed an honor, because of his fact in the reports made by these observers in the West is that the Democratic poli

splendid career and conspicuous public services in war and in peace. But we are ticians are discovering the indifference of the people to their personal grievances

not aware of anybody who treated General Logan's visit as having a bearing upon and their low selfish view of politics. Now the fact that they are as full of praise

the Presidential nomination. The convention of 1888 is still nearly two years refor the President as so many of them a while ago were full of wrath and evil pre

mote, and no man can tell what two years may bring forth. But it now seems dictions, does not mislead the people into giving them the same approval they give

fairly probable that Blaine and Logan will again appear as candidates. If we are the President. And the President and his party are as far as before from being

not wholly mistaken, a majority of Minnesota Republicans are to-day and will reconvertible terms. The mistake that the Democratic politicians now seem likely

main in favor of Mr. Blaine's renomination. They will not, however, entertain to make is to infer that the popular favor in which Mr. Cleveland is held includes

other than very cordial feelings toward General Logan's candidacy. Apropos to them and their party.

this subject, it is interesting to note that the Chicago Tribune, on Sunday, de

clared that General Logan ought to have a solid delegation from Illinois in the Omaha Bee (Rep.).

convention of 1888. This declaration is to be interpreted as an announcement that
THE zeal of the leading organs of the Democracy in New York to depreciate the Triburte will, in good faith, support the Illinois candidate; and it is the more
President Cleveland in connection with a renomination, and to elevate Governor significant because in 1884 Mr. Medill was for Blaine, and sought to secure a
Hill as a possible Presidential candidate in 1888, is not receiving that general en Blaine delegation. The Chicago Tribune is, of course, still friendly to the Maine
couragement which the supposed influence of these journals might be expected to statesman, but it proposes this time to stand by the candidate of its own State.
command. In fact, it is not apparent that beyond the confines of New York they Neither Mr. Blaine nor General Logan would find the atmosphere of Minnesota
are making any impression whatever adverse to the chances of Mr. Cleveland, but prejudicial to his interests, and both, we believe, will assent to the proposition that
on the contrary it is not improbable that the satirical flings of one of them and the Minneapolis is the best place for the next national convention.
faultfinding of the other are really doing him a service in unexpected localities.

Baltimore Sun (Ind.).
Terre llaute Express (Rep.).

Gen. LOGAN has just visited sixteen States and Territories to show himself to The exigencies of the situation at Charleston demanded the utmost promptness the people and to make friends of them wherever he could. The other States he in offering assistance and relief, and Congress would not only have made good had visited before, and he has thus completed his project of “swinging round the any expenditure, but would have commended the men who had sense enough to circle.” He has pleased the Pacific States by pronouncing the Chinese a nuisance, dispense with official notice to act. The President should by all means make the and Dakota and Washington Territories by declaring himself in favor of the immost of his vacation. When his present term of office expires he will not be ten mediate admission of those Territories to the Union. He has kept himself from dered the loaves and fishes of his high position a second time. He will recreate making political speeches, but at banquets and receptions he was immense. He in the Adirondacks as a private citizen and Messrs. Whitney and Endicott will poses everywhere as the soldiers' friend, and believes that all the pensions that can keep him company.

be given them, their widows, sisters, aunts and cousins, imperfectly measures the
gratitude of the country for their services in behalf of the Union. He therefore

occupies a conspicuous place at every meeting of the Grand Army of the Republic
WHAT IS SAID OF GEN. LOGAN.

and at every fragment of it. Above all, he has a profound belief in Gen. Logan Portland Oregonian (Ind.).

and the high honors in store for him, and never more so than since the dissolution

of partnership has been declared between the old firm of “Me and Jack.” LOGAN's speeches and action on the Pacific coast have done him great mischief with the G. A. R., whose good will he has anxiously sought to secure. When he

Chicago Times (Ind.). irst arrived he was justly very popular with the veterans, because of his brilliant Gen. Logan's observations upon the Pacific slope have convinced him that the military services and his clean personal character, but he lost ground rapidly with the Chinese are not wanted in this country. He thinks Congress should not permit ablest and most thoughtful men in the order from first to last. He was in charge of any more of them to come, because, he says, “ they do not assimilate to our instiGov. Alger, a lumber millionaire of Detroit, and between Logan and Alger it was tutions.” The general says he took this view in his California speeches, and the ioon made clearly evident that Logan did not come to the Pacific slope as a veteran presumption is, therefore, that he has laid the foundation for a healthy boom on the o meet on equal terms his comrades of the G. A. R., but came on a stumping tour slope. General Logan's frankness on the Chinese question, coupled with his un--for Logan. Logan did not for a moment mingle with the G. A. R. as Gen. Sher wonted reserve on all other political topics, would seem to justify a suspicion that nan did. While Sherman and the other soldiers talked no politics, Logan and he was an aspirant for the Presidency but for the fact that he so stoutly insists to uis adjutant, Alger, talked nothing else. Logan never lost a chance to deliver the contrary. The general is the best authority on the subject, and everybody limself on the Chinese question, and Alger when he was not holding Logan's hat knows that anything savoring of tergiversation is foreign to his nature.

He must,

TE PO

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therefore, be taken at his word. But the fact remains that if he were a candidate Congress. It was the Republican party, in a word, that fostered the monster he would talk about the Chinese (they are not voters) and keep silent on other growth of corporations in this country, and that has condoned and tolerated them matters, just as he is doing.

in their wrong doing, receiving from them in return financial and other aid that

was the chief factor in retaining them in power for so long, an influence far greater Kansas City Times (Dem.).

than that of the offices, potent as that was. The Democratic party, on the other MR. LOGAN at least has the satisfaction of knowing that his Presidential candi hand, has practically nothing of this kind to answer for. It was founded in jealdacy is favorably considered in Illinois, and there is no reason to doubt that he will ousy of centralized power of all kinds, and while, we repeat, some of its represensecure the indorsement of his own State in 1888. That isn't much, but it's some tatives have departed from the teachings of their fathers and given the enemy thing, and after his recent experience in California Mr. Logan is well prepared to aid and comfort in this regard, its record as a party is clean of all responsibility for grab at anything.

the wrongs of corporations of which the people are now so loudly and justly comPhiladelphia Inquirer (Rep.).

plaining. The growth of the labor unions, their tendency to political action; the The people who expected that Logan's tour across the continent would be the increasing interest of the farmers, as such, in matters political; the speech of the beginning of a great Presidential boom for him have been disappointed, as they people and of the press everywhere-all these things plainly indicate that the party should have been. Did they suppose the American public would mistake Logan

which is to carry the country and elect the President in 1888 must be a conservative for a circus ?

anti-monopoly party, and that, in view of its past, the Republican party never can be. Baltimore Herald (Ind.).

Mansfield, Ohio, Herald (Rep.).
GENERAL Logan made 12 speeches in Portland, Oregon, in a single day. And

FROM a very general interview of the members of the late Indiana Republican still some people are trying to force themselves into the belief that Logan stands State convention made by the representatives of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, in nobody's way to the next Republican nomination for the Presidency.

there appeared to be a great diversity of preferences for Presidential candidates

As was very natural, many prominent Indianians were found to have their adOTHER PRESIDENTIAL SPECULATIONS.

mirers, but the leading candidates spoken of were Blaine and Sherman. It is

quite evident from these interviews that Mr. Blaine still maintains a strong hold Washington Star (Ind.).

on Indiana politicians. But large numbers of the leading delegates express serious ALTHOUGH the Presidential election is still more than two years away, there is

doubts as to his present availability: Having been so long before the public either already much activity among the adherents of the several aspirants to the Chief for nomination or for election, and always having been defeated, and having been Magistracy, and in some instances the aspirants themselves are actively at work,

found to be so easily and dangerously assailable, they regarded his renomination and by the most direct methods. In the Democratic party the only men now seri

as exceedingly hazardous. Were it not for this almost fatal objection Blaine would ously spoken of for the place are Cleveland and Hill; but the last-named gentle evidently be the choice of the Indianians. Those who expressed their preferences man appears to be brought forward rather to kill off the present incumbent than for Mr. Sherman were among the most judicious and influential men of the State. because he has any real strength of his own or prospects of winning the prize, They express themselves not only as thoroughly convinced of his superior qualificathough his friends stoutly claim that he could certainly carry the State of New

tions for the office, and his very general availability, but they expressed no criti. York, and with it the rest of the country. With the Republicans material that is

cisms on his private character or his long and successful public life. While no supposed to be available is much plentier, and sentiment consequently more di

great reliance is to be placed upon such interviews, yet these two points of differvided. As yet there appears to be but little opportunity to judge of the relative

ence between these two candidates are worthy of careful consideration. While it strength of those most frequently mentioned for the first place, but there can hardly is very generally admitted that Mr. Blaine, if elected, would make a good Presi. be a doubt that Logan's chances have waned considerably in the last two months, dent, yet both his public and private character are at least so far assailable by the while Blaine looms up more conspicuously than was thought possible eighteen opposition as greatly to injure his popularity and strength as a candidate. It at months ago. Indeed prophecies are plenty to-day that the heads of the tickets in once places the Republican party on the defensive, when, as a matter of wise 1884 will again be pitted against each other in 1888. This is, however, by no policy and as a well deserved right it should assuine a bold and offensive warfare on means certain. Mr. Cleveland may make grave mistakes in two years' time, and its opponents. In fact it is hardly probable that Mr. Blaine will place himone or two men in the Republican camp who were prominent in 1884 seem to be

self and his party in this position again; but as with these interviews, so with the stronger with the party now than they were then, and one or two others not then country over, all admit the superior qualifications of Mr. Sherman, not only as a much talked of may now be regarded as probable dark horses, with a pretty fair

candidate, but for the Presidency; and do not

, and can not, urge any objections prospect ahead. As stated above, there has been so far no chance to accurately

whatever against either his public or private character. With him as a learn public opinion on the subject. The nearest an opportunity yet afforded was

therefore, the party would have no defense to make. It could at once advance
that presented by the Republican State convention in Indiana last week. The on the enemy's works and put to flight all opposition except the solid South."
members of that body were carefully interviewed on the subject of their Presi It would appear from these interviews that General Logan and Senator Evarts
dential preference by representatives of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, who seem have almost disappeared as Presidential candidates in the West. Their own
to have been intelligent in the prosecution of their inquiries and unbiased in stat blunders are fast sealing their fate.
ing the result, and the replies, which are published in that paper in full, show the

New York Sun (Dem.).
widest variety of opinion. Briefly, the Indiana sentiment as expressed there may
be summarized as follows, to use the language of one of the correspondents :

The most conspicuous Hoosier of last week was, without doubt, the Hon. Joseph

E. McDonald.
The preferences avowed show what Indiana mon think of Harrison and Porter as a

He appeared as the accepted arbitrator of an unexampled
matter of State pride; but local affection seems utterly swallowed up in the feeling for quarrel over the Congress nomination in the seventh district, and the calm ability
Logan, Blaine, and Sherman, The most.unquallflod admiration is expressed for shor with which he filled the role is yet the admiration of the Indiana press of both
man, while Blaine 18 idolized in one direction and doubtfully regarded in another. Lo.
gan ngures prominently for irst and second choice, with varying opinions as to his

parties. But instead of sending Mr. McDonald to Congress from that district, as courso regarding the Payne investigation. But one delegate favored Gresham.

might have been done after the two contesting candidates had been cleared away, The friendly feeling here indicated for Sherman is significant, because it is in the Democrats nominated Mr. Bynum, and left the usefulness of Old Saddlebags the direct line of expression now quite common in other parts of the country. to bide its chance. For a number of years past the hearts of the Indiana Demo There can be no doubt that Mr. Sherman is very strong, not only with the rank crats have been warm with the thought that in Mr. McDonald they had a candi: and file of his own party, but with the conservative elements of the Democracy,

date for President. Mr. Hendricks led the State delegation to Chicago in 1884 in certain quarters; and if Ohio should go into the national convention solid and with Mr. McDonald's name on their banner

. They pulled it down, it is true, and enthusiastic for him his chances for nomination would be very good. The possi

hoisted the name of Hendricks. but that was the irresistible effect of thirty good bilities of Mr. Allison as a Republican candidate have been discussed considerably

minutes of roaring cheers which burst from the convention at the first mention of in some quarters lately; but, curiously enough, he does not seem to have impressed

Mr. Hendricks' name.

It could not be helped. Now, when the Hoosiers might himself much on the Indiana mind, and what is true of that State is perhaps have given Mr. McDonald the chance of making himself the candidate of other

States and sections than Indiana by letting

him again take a hand in the field of true of others.

active politics, they slide him back into the comfortable but well-worn niche of Wilkes Barre Union-Leader (Dem.).

local friendship, to continue his life in the uneventful style of the past six years. The voice of labor on the farm and in the workshop will designate the next The opportunity thus lost was so evident as to suggest a question as to its cause

. President of the United States, whether it be the present incumbent or some other Will Indiana bring no candidate to the Democratic National Convention in 1888, man, and the paramount intention will be to give force to the rapidly growing or is that honor reserved for the Tall Sycamore of the Wabash, the Hon. Daniel sentiment that corporations are exerting too much power in and out of legislative W. Voorhees ? halls and other official places, and absorbing too much of the wealth of the country. The Republican party cannot possibly be the representative of this sentiment. It

Kansas City Times (Dem.). was under Republican rule that the corporations complained of grew to their present At the late interesting convention at Rolla the enthusiastic Democracy of the mammoth dimensions and began and have prospered in their arbitrary domina Eleventh district not only complimented

its Congressman

, Mr. Bland, by a renomi. tions. It was the Republican party, as represented in Congress, that gave certain nation, but strongly urged his claims as a Presidential candidate two years hence

, of them millions of acres of the people's lands and loaned them the public credit, an obligation they steadily refuse to make any provision for repaying. It is a Re for there are doubtless many worthy citizens in the eleventh district who believe publican Senate that has stood in the way of a restoration of such of these acres as that Missouri and “Old Silver Dick " have fairly earned the honor. There is also have not passed wholly beyond control to the public domain. They are chiefly every reason to believe that Mr. Bland would make an admirable and efficient Republicans who have made great fortunes in public life catering to the wishes and President and carry out all the

principles of Jeffersonian simplicity and refren serving the arrogant demands of these corporations, though it is unfortunately true there are some so-called Democrats among the number. It was Republican votes national convention

flattering, because of a haunting fear that while a Missouron in the Senate that defeated the resolution of Senator Beck, which sought to make might sweep the prairies like wildfire, and even carry Indiana out of all whoop the eminently just and certainly reasonable provision that no Senator should accept ing, a narrow and

blinding prejudice

might work to his disadvantage in the im a fee as an attorney from any railroad company interested in measures pending in portant States of New York, New Jersey and Connecticut.

a candidate

,

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