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ten miles away in the desert, It represents the famous Pharaoh, who was respon. will be given over to studies of the principal characters in which the actress has sible for all the Egyptian plagues, and on one side of it is a statue of a little baby, become celebrated.--Mr. Wilkie Collins' new novel, “ The Evil Genius," is to said to be that of the next Pharaoh, who perished in his rash attempt to drive be brought out in London this week.Boston literary circles are pleasantly anthrough the Red Sea. The chief of the coast guardsmen, Middlemas Bey, dis ticipating what will be the last work to come from the pen of Miss Elizabeth P. covered it when hunting for smuggled tobacco. It has been lying there three Peabody, the venerable philanthropist. The contemplated volume is a series of thousand years. There are no end of hieroglyphics written on the statue's back sketches, which the author has named “ Last Evening with Allston, and Other and up the sides. The king is very well carved, and almost perfect, except for the Papers.” Although over eighty years of age, and although deprived of her eyenose, which has succumbed to the wear and tear of existence. We learn that sight, Miss Peabody still employs herself at literary work, promptly answering a the upper part of a very fine statue, the lower half of which was dug up sume large correspondence from unknown friends living in all parts of the country.months ago, has been discovered on the Acropolis. The face is reported as of a Mrs. Helen Hunt Jackson's “ The Procession of Flowers in Colorado" has received very fine workmanship, the iris of the eyes and the lips are painted red, and there elaborate illustration for an edition de luxe of 100 copies, which Messrs. Roberts are other remains of color. On the head is a wreath. The style is archaic, but Bros. have in press.-Rutland, Vt., through the efforts of Mrs. Julia C. R. Dorr, the modeling of the limbs is distinctly seen beneath the drapery, which is full and its most noted inhabitant, is to have a free library, with a collection of 4,000 volheavy. The statue is life-size; it has been placed in the Central Museum. -The
-Messrs. Webster & Co., the publishers, have definitely announced that sale of Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes' photographs in London has rivaled that of the General George B. McClellan's book of ersonal reminiscences of the civil war likenesses of several noted professional beauties. -A copy of Gilbert Stuart's will be issued from their press on December I. The work is entitled “ McClelportrait of “ Light-Horse Harry Lee” has been executed by Mr. W. L. Sheppard, lan's Own Story." The copyright has been taken out in the name of the Genof Richmond, and placed in the State library in that city. Dr. Win. C. Wins eral's widow, and the publishers confidently expect that upward of 100,000 copies low writes to the Boston Advertiser that Dr. Reginald S. Poole, of the British will be sold. -We have had the professional - experiences” of men of letters, Museum, has obtained for the Boston Museum of Fine Arts a colossus of Rameses actors, base-ball players, and athletes; but now a “cowboy” is to be introduced to II. It is of granite, thirteeen feet high, and is in excellent preservation and richly the literary world through the next number of Lippincott's Magazine. -Mr. inscribed. Its transportation awaits the rising of the Nile, and it can not be Matthew Arnold and his daughter, Miss Ellen Arnold, are at Bar Harbor. -Mr. shipped before February J. B. Lippincott Co. will issue in time for the holi T. B. Aldrich will visit Russia before he returns to this country. -Dr. Alice B. days a “ Book of American Figure-Painters,” which will contain about fifty photo Stockham's book, “ 'Tokology," has reached its fistieth edition. “ Labor and gravure reproductions of the best work of American art in this line. Among the Capital are One” is the title of a book by Elliot F. Shephard, of New York, which artists who will be represented in the work are Walter Shirlaw, F. S. Church, and is now in its eighth edition. The book does good service by showing that laborKenyon Cox. Each picture is to be accompanied by a descriptive poem. The ers are not merely those who use tools, that riots destroy labor, &c.—Mr. Brownwork is in preparation under the editorship of Mrs. M. G. Van Rensselaer ing has been compelled to go to the law to make the Austrian who sold him a
Venetian palace stick to his bargain. His son, Robert Barrett Browning, is paint
ing for the ceiling a scene of Shelley's “ Revolt of Islam.”. -Miss Anna Laurens LITERARY.
Dawes has a book in press at Boston entitled “ The Modern Jew.”-Now that the “ Breadwinners” is almost forgotten, the Cleveland papers reveal its authorship. It was written jointly by Capt. Frank H. Mason and his wife.-
-- There was NOTES.--The “Childhood of Joan of Arc” is the subject of a remarkable his recently offered for sale in London a copy of James Granger's " Biographical Historical work by M. Simon Luce, just published. The author has based his asser tory of England,” issued in three volumes in 1824, and extended to nineteen voltions entirely on documents in the National Archives, of which he is one of the The additions comprise upward of 4,500 portraits, views, drawings, and keepers, on the papers in the Cabinet of Manuscript, and the Archives of the De autographs. Among them is a verse by Robert Burns addressed to Syme, accompartments of Aube, Cote-d'Or, la Manche, Meurthe et Moselle, and la Meuse. The panying a present of a dozen of porter, which reads as follows: number of documents inserted in the work is 277. The author treats of Joan from
“O, had the malt thy strength of mind, her birth, in the January or February of 1412 till her departure for Chinon, Feb
Or hops the flavor of thy wit; ruary 23, 1849:- A new volume of poems and sonnets by Geo. H. Boker is
'Twere drink for first of human kind, announced for publication in the fall. It is already well known that the life of
A gift that e'en for Syme were fit.” Peter Cooper, written by Thomas Hughes, was unsatisfactory to the family. There Jerusalem Tavern, Monday evening [1794).—A subscription has been set on fore, the work is placed in other hands, and a new life is being written. -Mr. foot for the preservation of Theodore Parker's grave at Florence, which is now in H. C. Bunner denies the rumor that he is to be assistant editor of Charles Scrib a dilapidated condition.-Verna Lee has written a fantastic stcry, which will ner's Sons' proposed new magazine. -The position of editor of The Fortnightly shortly be published under the title of “A Phantom Lover.".
-The Browning Review has, The Pall Mall Gazette is informed, been accepted by Mr. Frank Clubs are amusingly described by Mr. Arlo Bates in the Providence Journal. Harris, editor of the Evening News. Mr. Escott's long illness has destroyed the “ The central and prime principal of all these clubs,” he says, “ seems to be that hope that he might resume the conduct of the Review. -Mr. Barnett Smith is a poem by Robert Browning is a sort of prize rebus, of which the solution is to be writing an exhaustive « Life of Her Majesty the Queen,” which Routledge & Sons reached rather by wild and haphazard guessing than by any process of reasoning. will publish. -Mr. E. P. Roe's latest story, “ He Fell in Love with His Wise,” • What does it mean?' is always the first question, although to an ordinary and is to be published in book form by Dodd, Mead & Co., who also announce a dol commonplace intellect it may appear perfectly obvious that it means what it says." lar and a half edition of « Nature's Serial Story," the original price of which was -“Ten Dollars Enough" is the title of a book on domestic economy in the five dollars.- --Miss Mary Cecil Hay, the well-known novelist, died on July 24th press of Houghton, Miffin & Co. The author, Catherine Owens, aims to show, after a long illness. Her first novel, Hidden Perils,” was issued in 1872 by with all necessary practical details, that a family may live well and limit its houseHurst & Blackett, who published all her subsequent works, “Old Myddleton's hold expenses to ten dollars a week. Mr. Edward Fuller, dramatic editor and Money,” Nora's Love Test,” « Victor and Vanquished,” and several more. Dur editorial writer of the Boston Post, is engaged on his third novel
, which will probing the spring and summer she was able to correct the proofs of another novel, ably appear early next year; it will bear the title “Theodore Trent,” and will be called “A Wicked Girl,” which will be issued before long. She is said to have issued simultaneously in England and this country. Mr. Joel Benton, having been an excellent and charitable woman, who worked exceedingly hard. --Mr. returned from his Western journeyings, is settled again at Amenia, N. Y. He Wilfried Ward's “Clothes of Religion” is said to be a delightfully clever brochure has lately disposed of an essay on Longfellow to one of the reviews, and is at against positivism. It is written in a clever, smooth style. -Sir Samuel Fergu work on other essays and pieces of verse The first portion of Mr. Sala's autoson, LL.D., a noted antiquarian and well-known writer, upon whom the honor biography, says the Athenaum, will describe his boyhood and the ten years from of knighthood was conferred in acknowledgment of his literary and anti 1835 to 1845, and will contain reminiscences of Bellini, Grisi, Paganini, Lablache, quarian achievements, is dead. Sir Samuel was born in Belfast in 1810. He Braham, Tom Moore, Theodore Hook, Dickens, Thackeray, the Duke of Welwas the author of “ Lays of the Western Gael,” 1865; Cougal, a poem in lington, Lord Melbourne, Mrs. Norton, the “mad” Marquis of Waterford, the ive books,” 1872; “ Poems,” 1880, and numerous contributions to Blackwood Countess Waldegrave, the Duke of Brunswick, Harriet, Duchess of St. Albans, ind Dublin University Magazine, among them “ The Forging of the Anchor,'' Count D'Orsay, Napoleon III, Mark Lemon, Buckstone, Webster, Madam Vestris,
The Widow's Cloak," and a series of Irish pictorial tales, called “ The Hi Charles Mathews, Dejazet, and others. The book will be published by Bentley. pernian Nights' Entertainments.” -Probably the largest literary prize ever Mr. Sala's account of his recent Australian experiences will appear before the au»ffered is one of $1,000,000, to be given in 1925 by the Russian National Academy tobiography.--Lord Runald Gower's " Last Days of Marie Antoinette,” as printed or the best work on the “ Life and Reign of Alexander I.” In 1825, shortly after at the University Press for Roberts Brothers' limited édition de luxe, will be a fine he death of Alexander I, the sum of 50,000 rubles was offered by one of his favor example of dainty book-making. It is printed on hand-made Irish linen
in te ministers to be given as a prize a century after his death, and it is this sum at small quarto, and in typography, presswork, and binding is admirably done. ompound interest which will amount in 1925 to $1,000,000. -Dr. E. E. Hale, Mrs. Sarah T. Bolton—not Sarah K. Bolton-one of the very few women who are f Boston, having in his Chautauqua lecture on Washington laid some stress on writing as steadily as ever after three-score years and ten, intends soon to publish, he fact that he had faults and frailties like other mortals, provokes the Pittsburgh in two volumes, some of the recollections of her life abroad, under the title, Commercial to say that something of this sort is necessary in order to get Wash “ Europe, as I Saw It Thirty Years Ago." She is now busy with a book for the agton within reach of popular appreciation and syınpathy. -Kate Greenaway times, to be called “ Pontius Pilate.” -Mrs. Helen A, Manville, known by this
to add interest to Mr. Bret Harte's new juvenile story by illustrating it with and her maiden name, Nellie A. Mann, as an acceptable writer of story and verse venty-five of her inimitable drawings. The illustrations will be printed in color in the West, has lately resumed pen-work, at La Crosse, Wis., after an enforced : the text. -Cincinnati, not to be outdone by Chicago, is joining the rage to suspension of activity for some years. Mrs. Manville's daughter, Marion Manville, -cure prominent editors for periodicals. The Graphic News, of that city, a pic is also a writer and a great beauty. The two are working together harmoniously rial weekly of unusual merit and beauty, is negotiating with Hon. Carl Schurz and industriously. Mrs. Manville was a beauty in her youth, and even now beauaccept its editorship, wherefor the ex-Secretary is offered a salary of $5,000 a tiful, with her tall, straight, slender figure, dark and brilliant eyes, regular features,
-The friends of ex-President Noah Porter are earnestly en and silvered dark hair. She is a relative of Stephen A. Douglas. -Mr. William savoring to induce him to write a book reminiscent of his career as president of Black has been making a tour of the English canals in a “house-boat," built out ale College.--Mme. Ristori's book, when published, will appear simultaneously of a ship's long-boat. Perhaps a new book with some such title as " The Strange the English, French, Italian, and German languages. A portion of the work Adventures of a Canal Boat” will be the literary result.-A. M. Bridgman & Crop
ar for five years.
“ Can any of you tell me,” said the teacher, “what system of book-keeping is in operation in our banks ?”
“ Double entry, sir,” said the bright boy of the class.
“ Yes, sir ; the one entry is for the bank and the other for the cashier."Judge.
EVENTS OF THE WEEK.
of Boston and New York, announce for immediate publication The Labor Movement: The Problem of To-day,” edited by George E. McNeill, who represented the Knights of Labor before the Committees of Congress last winter. The character of the work is historical. The author of « How to be Happy Though Married,” who is an English minister, finds that a book just published anonymously in Paris under the tille “Doll-on se Marier ?" is a translation of his own volume. He is already anxious lest this circumstance lead to-statements that “ How to be Happy Though Married” is a translation from the French. -The InterState Publishing Company, of Chicago and Boston, have issued a new edition of “The Supplemental Dictionary,” by Right Rev. Samuel Fallows, D. D. It is claimed that this dictionary contains nearly 35,000 words, phrases, and new defi. nitions of old words not found in the latest editions of Webster's or Worcester's Unabridged. It is uniform in size and style with Webster's Unabridged, and contains 530 pages,
– Messrs. Hubbard Brothers, the publishers of Ben: Perley Poore's - Social Reminiscences of Sixty Years in the National Metropolis," expect to issue the first volume about August 25. Robert Louis Stevenson's dramatic study and story, “ Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde,” is selling at the rate of a thousand copies a week. -A German scholar has found under the palimpsest of a codex in the national library at Paris a number of hitherto unknown srag. ments of Sallust relating to Pompey's wars in Spain. -Lady Dilke, whose mind is now said to be affected by her husband's downfall, was the wife of the late Mark Pattison, a well-known English scholar and man of letters. He was something of a pedant and book-worm, however, and he and his wise are said to have suggested to George Eliot the characters of Casaubon and Dorothea in Middlemarch."
THURSDAY, AUGUST 19. DOMESTIC.–Irish League Convention met in Chicago, elected John Fitzgerald, of Nebraska, president, and endorsed Parnell, and resolved to boycott all goods of Eng. lish manufacture, Grady, the Boston defaulter, buried. A meeting of the American bar held at Saratoga. Four persons killed in a tornado which nearly destroyed 8 Dakota village. Graham went through the whirlpool rapids at Niagra Falls. James O. Scott perished in the attempt. Greenbackers and Democrats nominate a fusion ticket in Michigan.
FOREIGN-The English Parliament reassembled, and the Queen's speech read. Nine policemen arrested for murder in Belfast. Earthquake in Malta. Medina withdraws his suit against Cutting.
FRIDAY, AUGUST 20. DOMESTIC. The jury in the trial of the Chicago anarchists found Spies, Schwab, Lingg. Fielden, Parsous, Fischer, and Engel guilty of murder in the first degree, and sentenced Neebo to fifteen years' imprisonment. The American Bar Association endorsed Mr. Field's scheme for thorough codification of the law in the interest of speedy, cortain, and exact justice. The President enjoys fishing in the Adirondacks. Universal Peace Union met at Mystic, Connecticut.
WIT OF THE WEEK.
FOREIGN.-Mr. Thomas P. Conner charged Lord Randolph Churchill with Instigating the Belfast riots by his speeches. The Duke of Leinster arranged to sell his tenants & large portion of his Kildare estates on an eighteen years' purchase plan. A rumor afloat that Queen Margherita is using her influence to bring about a reconciliation belween the Italian government and the Papacy. The sittings of the Turkish Bulgarian Commission at Sofia to revise the Roumellan organic statute
temporarily suspended, owing to a divergence of views between the Bulgarian and Turkish members. An archeological discovery that has just been made at Athens exciting mych iuterest. A number of columns in & state of perfect preservation unearthed on the Acropolis. They belong to a period before the Persian wars,
SATURDAY, AUGUST 21. DOMESTIC.—The attorneys for the Chicago convicted anarchists make efforts to procure a new trial. Heavy storm on the Texas coast. The Mayflower wins the irst trial yacht race.
FOREIGN. The Gladstonian
candidato returned to Parliament from Leith, choleranto Corea. Small-pox in Chili. The Argentine Republic excited over an attempt to assassinato Santos. Rain prevents a riot at Belfast, The Emperor William visits the grave of Frederick the Great Prince Alexander, of Bulgaria, abdicated the throne and left the country.
SUNDAY, AUGUST 22. DOMESTIC.--The President and his family attend a log church near Saranac Lake, Lieutenant Henn challenges any American sloop for a race from Bandy Hook around Bermuda and back. An enormous fire in San Francisco destroyed $2,000,000 worth of properly.
FOREIGN.-Professor Brakenbush made a large annexation in South Patagonia In bohalf of Germany. The British steamer Aberdeen, reported foundered with loss of a large quantity of tea, arrivet) safely at Suez on Saturday. A passenger steamer on the Rivor Volga, at Saratov, capital of the province of Saratov, in Russia, burned Saturday, and two hundred lives were lost.
“HAVE you heard that card-playing has almost ceased in Brooklyn ? " asked the Snake Editor.
No, I haven't,” replied the Horse Editor ; “what is the reason ?” “One of the churches decided it wasn't wicked.”- Pittsburgh Chronicle-Telegraph.
“ DINNY, did you be r'adin' in the noospapers that Jay Gould's income is tin cints every toime the clock ticks?”
Troth, an’ Oi did. Wouldn't it be a mane thrick, now, if some blaggyard was to snake in an’sthop 'is clock fur ’im.”-Merchant Traveller.
He entered the office of a capitalist in Richmond the other day, and quietly inquired :
“ How much would a vein of coal half a mile long, a quarter of a mile broad, and 50 feet thick be worth ? "
s I should say $25,000, but, if you want more exact figures, and will give me the location, I think I can-
Oh, no, you can't, Colonel,” interrupted the quiet man. “ I'm going to marry her myself as soon as the cars can take me out there.”
And he hustled out as if searful that the capitalist might locate the widow and the spot.— Wall Street News.
An Austrian miner had half of his brains knocked out and is still alive. The Bavarians want to get him for a king. --Life.
PRESIDENT DIaz claims that Mexico has a law by which an American can be punished in England for an offense committed in France.-Ibid.
The Irish will not be satished with any home rule scheme that will not allow them to send delegates to the next Democratic convention in the United States.Nid.
OLD) GENTLEMAN (to boy): “ Do you go to Sunday-school, little boy ? "
Little boy: “ Yep. But you see one's a Catholic and the other's a Protestant. Tliat lets me out. — Ibid."
« THE BILLS OF MORTALITY.”—Kirk Elder after a look at his morning paper : “ Poor McStagger deid ! Et's vera sad to thenk o' the great number o’ destengweshed men that's lately been ta'en ! 'Deed, I no feel vera weel mysel !"-Punch,
SCENE, Washington, F street car, Saturday afternoon: Dramatis Personna-> Three young ladies, Treasury clerks, and extra-exquisite dude, strangers all around.
Dude, to a young lady nearest fare-box: “ Aw, may I twouble you, miss, to pwass my swaiah ?" handing the young lady a quarter, which she “dwops ” into the “ bwox.”
Dude fidgets about a few moments, and then addressing the young lady, says: “ Aw, pawdon me, miss, but that was a qwartah you dwopped in the bwox."
Young lady, graciously: “O, was it? Well, I guess they'll let you ride for a
“ Have you anything to say before the court passes sentence upon Prisoner: “Well, all I got to say is, I hope your honor'll consider the extreme youth of my lawyer, an' let me off easy." --Prick.
MONDAY, AUGUST 23. DOMESTIC.--Mrs. Cleveland opened the Minneapolis Industrial Exposition by means of electricity from Prospect House, Saranac Lake. The Marks oil well, of Shanopis, Pa., selling oil at the rate of 2,500 barrels per day.
FOREIGN.—Consul-General Baiz received the following from President Bograu, of Hon duras, in regard to the invasion of that country by a body of revolutionists: Invasion conquered. Morey and various chiefs killed. Peace completely restored." Rumors curs rent in every European capital to the effect that Austria is about to proclaim the annox. ation of Herzeguyina and Bosnia. A committee of workingmen formed in London to raise by penny subscriptions a testimonial for presentation to the Marquis of Sallsbury. The Emir of Bokhara made a formal demand upou the Ameer of Afghanistan for the cession of the Oasis of Khojasaleh. Tho Post,
Prince Bismarck's organ, publishes BH article on the Bulgarian crisis, which is characterized by amiability of expressions toward Russla and unfriendliness to England. Chinese government decided to dispatch troops to the neighborhood of Port Lazerer as a precauiionary measure against the rô. ported design of Russia to seize that place.
TUESDAY, AUGUST 24. DOMESTIC.--Mr. Blaine spoke at Sebago Lake on tho issues that divide the two great political parties. A ninth victim
of Mrs. Robinson, the Somerville poisoner, thought to have beon discovered. A new submarine torpedo boat, the Peacemaker, success. fully tested on the Hudson.
FOREIGN.-Parnell anu Gladstone speak in the House of Commons. Cables announce that Prince Alexnuder, of Bulgaria, is held a prisoner at Uk-Palanka. Strong military lay, India, the capital of Brounal, Nooded by the bursting of the banks of the Iirlwaddy river. The damage done amounts to $5,000,000, and one thousand people lost thelr
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 25. DOMESTIC.—Tho State Prohibition of Pennsylvania met at Harrisburg. Street-cardrlvers on a strike in New York. Governor Hill approves the removal of Commissioner Squtre, Famide at Victoria, Texas. Cutting issues an address to the people of the United States, in which he expresses the hope that this
country will soon conquer Mexico, Republican State convention at Columbus, Ohio. Rev. Henry Ward Beocher 11 in England, Tho Rov. Jay, C. Boechor, his brother, commits suicide.
FOREIGN.—-Gladstone leaves England for a vacation in Germany. A great fire in Liver pool. The people overthrow the provisional government in Bulgaria, and send for Alor tant dispatches from the East. Exciting debate
in the House of Commons on the Irlsh question. Cable announces--the English corvette, Dlamond, took possession of the Ker* nodic Islands in the name of Eugland.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE PUBLIC OPINION COMPANY.
WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1886.
address inviting people who accept its principles to stand up and be counted—that is, to vote for Congressional candidates pledged to revenue reform, without regard to party considerations. This proceeding of course involves candidates so pledged, and where men can not be found who will assume such an obligation without regard to party considerations, the league managers must nominate candidates of
their own if they “ mean business," as the New York Times speaking for them On Monday, the 30th ultimo, most of the daily papers published an address “To
says they do. Whatever may be the result of the movement this much may be the Friends of Freedom,” which was adopted at a conference of the American said of it at the beginning: It emphasizes the truth disclosed in many ways. There Free Trade League in New York. The opening paragraph of the circular reads are just now few pending questions which sharply divide and stimulate parties. It
is at such a time that side issues crop out. The prohibition movement is a case in thus :
point. Its promoters conceive, and rightly, that they can attract more attention The inability of a large Democratic majority in the National House of Representa and command a larger following in this period of comparative partisan indifference tives to pass a bill for tariff reform, looking only to the removal of a heavy burden of
than they could do if men were fired with enthusiasm for one party or the other, taxation from a few great industries, and the refusal of the Representatives of the Republican party and their allies to even cousider the abatement of tariff taxation in any as representatives of living and essential principles they were unwilling to hazard degree, imperatively calls for aggressive and uncompromising political action by the for a single object which else they might regard with favor. The Prohibitionists friends of commercial freedom.
look to get the bulk of their vote from the Republican party, although that the inHartford Times (Rep.), August 30.
clination to an extreme policy on the liquor question is not everywhere confined to THE circular of the “ American Free-Traders,” advocates the formation of free that organization is proved by the adoption of prohibition in the Democratic city trade clubs, and requests its friends in the several Congressional districts to decide
of Atlanta. On the other hand, while the Free-Traders look to get the bulk of whether it is best to nominate independent free-trade candidates for Congress, in
their vote from the Democratic party, they count here and there upon men who this way compelling both parties to conform to the principles of the free-trade
have hitherto voted Republican tickets. Both of these side issues will perhaps leagues; to break down every party that opposes those principles, and inaugurate
make a more pronounced impression while party lines, if not broken, are relaxed a new party on the plalsorm of free trade alone. In the first paragraph setting
than during times of hot campaigning. But while these two movements have cerforth the principles of the Free Traders, above quoted, a demand is made that all
tain resemblances they have more marked differences. The Prohibitionists have the taxes shall be received by the Government, “ without the diversion of any part
the advantage of a moral impulse._Right or wrong in their methods, they appeal for the fostering of private interests. The Government does receive all the taxes
to humane and unselfish motives. They stand in regard to intemperance as the old raised by impost duties, less the expenses of collection. No part of the taxes are
Abolitionists stood in regard to slavery. They may not arouse so energetic a sendiverted “ for the fostering of private interests. The Government receives all timent or produce so far-reaching an effect, but their movement is alike emotional of the money paid for taxes. Let there be no deception on that point. But sor
and has the comparatively easy task of kindling men's feelings instead of convinceign goods that come into competition with goods manufactured in this country are
ing their reason. The tariff, on the other hand, is an economic and business questaxed, and a part of the revenues of the country are raised in this way. The Free
tion. Argument and demonstrationare the instruments of the Frec-Trader rather Traders in their circular evidently mean to demand that these taxes shall be abol than sentimental agencies. One slave, a single drunkard beating his wise, could ished, when they say that no part of the taxes shall be diverted “ for the fostering
arouse more enthusiasın than the whole schedule of customs duties. The masses of private interests. Had they said that no taxes shall be continued for fostering
of the people will as soon get beside themselves with excitement over Webster's private interests, there could have been no question as to their meaning; and there
and Worcester's spelling or the wisdom of studying grammar in learning languages, is no doubt that this is just what they do mean. The Democratic party in their
as over the rates on sugar and spool cotton or a horizontal reduction of the substilast National Convention opposed ihis free-trade idea. It resolved that the tariff tution of a specific for an ad valorem levy. Besides there is already a party, not should be so adjusted as to encourage (not to break down) our industrial interests,
of free-trade, which is impracticable, but of judicious revenue reform. The Presi. and to protect American labor against the cheaper labor of Europe. Nearly two
dent and the Secretary of the Treasury have urged the adoption of measures to hundred millions of dollars a year are raised by taxes on imported foreign goods; and
that end. A large majority of Democrats in Congress are in favor of it. Unless it is not difficult, while bringing the total amount collected to the revenue stand
weakened by the schemes of extremists this reform majority will grow larger and ard, to so adjust the taxes as to foster our industrial interests. Both the Demo may presently control both Houses. But as to the advanced I'ree-Traders, such as cratic and the Republican parties, while demanding a revision of the tariff laws,
Mr. Wells and Professor Sumner, it is doubtful, as the Free-Trade Times itsetf have also demanded a fostering care of our industrial interests. But the Free says, that they will command a majority of the popular vote for a long time to come. Traders oppose this principle. We believe that nine-tenths of the people favor the
It is probable, therefore, that the Prohibitionists will make a better showing at the principle laid down in the Chicago platform, viz, that in raising the necessary rev
polls than the league. enue for the expense of Government, there shall be discrimination to the extent
New York Star (Dem.), August 31. that foreign-made goods which compete with our manufacture shall be reasonably The American Free Trade League “invites the co-operation of the patriotic taxed. England admits our goods free. She buys of us all she wants—largely of men of all political parties” in its efforts. This is all very well, but it is time that our food products. She would buy no more were we a free-trade nation. Ger this body should practically recognize the fact that tariff reduction and reforın can many, France, Italy, and other nations tax foreign goods that are imported into only come through one party, and that the Democratic party. The Star does not those countries. They would not reduce their taxes on American goods were we disguise the fact that treachery within its own ranks prevented the Democratic to adopt free-trade. We woulu gain nothing by repealing all taxes on foreign party from taking any step in that direction at the recent session of Congress. This, goods that compete with our manufactured articles. But foreign cheaper labor however, does not warrant any sincere friend of free trade or tariff reform in prewould force down the prices of labor in this country, under free trade here, or tending that neither of the existing parties can be looked to for necessary action in break down our factories and throw out of work a vast number of workingmen this direction. Tarist reduction must be accomplished by one or the other of
But the Free Traders say there would be a compensation. The la these parties, if accomplished at all, and the question for tariff resormers is : “ From boring men would save money in their expenses of living. In what way? Not which of the two can we most reasonably expect such action ?”No sincere or in their rents; not in their food, for Europe does not supply us at all with unprejudiced man can for a moment doubt the true answer to that question. Fourflour, beef, vegetables or fruits. • In clothing !” But how much does the laborer fifths of the Democrats in the present House voted for tariff reduction. All of the pay a year in taxes on his clothing, or the cloihing of his wise and children? He Republicans except four voted against even considering the question. Again, the does not indulge in champagne, in silks, satins, diamonds, nor costly clothes. The votes cast by Democrats in favor of reduction were mostly given by the members rich people pay taxes on those goods. Let them pay. But the laborer uses home representing strongly Deniocratic States, while the votes cast by Democrats against made goods, and he pays no more for them than the foreign manufacturers would reduction came almost entirely from States frequently or invariably Republican. force him to pay as soon as they could, with cheaper labor, break down our fac These are things that tariff resoriners can no longer ignore. They cannot shut tories. The average laborer does not pay $15 a year in the way of tariff taxes. their eyes to the fact that a little well directed eflort would give the Democrats a But he gets an average of $200 a year more than his European brother, and he gets majority that could be depended on to reduce and reform the tariff, and that no more work to do than he would were our factories broken down or crippled by conceivable effort could insure such action at the hands of a Republican majority. free trade. The cry of “monopolies” is good for nothing unless applied to actual The practical lesson for Free-Traders to be found in this state of affairs is plain. We monopolies. Working men know very well that prosperous manufacturers, me offer no objection to their apparent determination to support known high-tariff Rechanics, an.l agriculturists, do not harm, but benefit them. Crush the prosperity publicans rather than Democrats who have betrayed their party's pledges, for such of either, and the interests of workingmen are injured. Labor suffers when any
Democrats deserve no support. The deseat of a sufficient number of them, however, of our great industries are financially crippled. A manufacturer or mechanic to assure the choice of Republican protectionists in place of Speaker Carlisle and who has all the competition that he can bear, is not a “monopolist.”
Chairman Morrison, can do nothing to directly advance the cause of revenue re
form. Any practical work in that direction must devote itself to securing the elecBrooklyn Eagle (Dem.), August 30.
tion, next fall, of revenue-reform Democrats in place of high-tariff Republicans in THE Free-Trade League, with Mr. David A. Wells at its head, has issued an States where there is a known tariff-reform sentiment among Republicans that now
find no expression through Republican Congressmen. There is the field for by Mr. Blaine on great public occasions, is extremely misleading. He did vote to effective work by the American Bree-Trade League, and any efforts in any other remove the duties on coal in the Forty-second Congress, and he boasted of this vote direction will, for the time being, be thrown away.
in a debate in the same Congress, as tending to show his own disinterestedness, he Baltimore Herald (Ind.), August 31.
being at the time an owner of coal lands in Pennsylvania. (Vide Cong. Globe,
First Session, Forty-second Congress, page 126). Now, a vote for free coal can THE circular of the Free-Traders alike a warning, a challenge, and a menace. not be distinguished in principle from a vote for free ore, or free salt
, or free codIn one respect only is it justified by facts, viz: By the deliberate shelving of all fish. In other words, it can not be distinguished from the principle of the Morritariff discussion in the recent session of Congress and by the secret combination son bill, which was, on the whole, a milder and less radical measure than the one formed to deseat free trade among the very men who had pledged themselves in favored by Mr. Blaine in 1871–72. Mr. Blaine is not only at yariance with him. favor of it. Before tariff reformers can hope to effect any radical change in exist- self, but with the chosen representatives of the doctrine of protection to American ing legislation they must go to the source of legislation itself. It is as clear as industry. anything in this world that both the old political parties are broken up into factions
New York Times (Ind.), August 30. on this tariff issue. A free-trade Republican is not, it is true, an every-day character in the halls of Congress, but there are scores of protection Democrats We are entirely persuaded that the movement of the Free Trade-League is a and enough “trimmers” in both parties to make an important factor when sound one, and we trust it will be pressed with energy and courage and persist. a division is taken. The question is, whether or not the free-trade party, ency. In the first place, it is an honest movement. It rests on conscientious con will take right hold of the problem and seek to educate the people up to their viction. It is not a push for spoils. It is not merely partisan. It is of the sort tenets, as the Prohibitionists and the labor men are doing. If there is anything that universal suffrage ought to give rise to, and that is healthy for a free people. more hopeless and absurd than another, it is the position of the Free-Traders In the next place, it is an intelligent movement. It is not an appeal to prejudice in Congress at the present time. They can not even get a chance to talk. The or to ignorance or to petty and temporary interests. It is capable of being supvery party which came into power pledged to consider the tariff problem manipu- ported by reasonable argument, and it looks to the wider and more lasting advanlates the committee in a manner to shelve the discussion to the fag end of a ses tage of the whole country. It is toward freedom and away from narrow restricsion, and then to postpone it indefinitely. It is a course which suits everybody tions and from mistaken notions of patriotism. In the next place, while public except the Free-Trader, and he is probably too conscious of helplessness to protest. opinion on the subject is indefinite and unformed, or at least unexpressed, it is It does not appear that the tariff reformers have ever made out a successful case not hostile, and is capable of being instructed, aroused, directed, and made effectto set off the deplorable reports from the free-trade countries of Europe. It is not ive. There is scarcely a national issue before the country, save that of civil-service a month since that the London Bullionist pronounced free trade a disastrous fail reform, that is more important, more closely connected with the progress and de. ure in England, and expressed the opinion that a protective tariff was becoming an velopment of the nation, and more imperatively demanding a decisive settlement imperious necessity. If the flow of emigrants was from the United States to Eu Every year makes our Chinese fiscal system more injurious, more hampering, and rope, instead of from Europe to the United States, it would be easy to believe that more incongruous with the principles of our national life. The agitation for its free trade spelt prosperity, and protection ruin. But when it is stated that 3,000 reform is inevitable. It will not die out so long as there are men of sense and paupers are actually crossing the Atlantic to this country on steamers sailing from public spirit to continue it. Undoubtedly independent political action is the key English and European ports within a single week, the case of protection seems to to the situation. Protection is maintained now because a certain number of voters be made out beyond possibility of cavil or denial. The only chance, then, for the in each district who cling to it hold the balance of power, and each party is afraid Free-Traders is to build up a party of their own, and set seriously to work at reform of alienating or offending them. In any district where the tariff reformers hold ing the people of the United States into agreement with their views. They may the balance of power they can make themselves respected if they choose to do so not be able to do this in a single year, but there is plenty of time before the mil and let their purpose be clearly known. The Republican party sprang from the lennium.
old parties by the exercise of the “inalienable right of bolting.” if the reformers New York Mail and Express (Rep.), August 30.
of the tariff of to-day are prepared to use that right they will win. The address of THE revival of the activity of the Free-Trade League is mainly the work of the the league is signed by delegates from twenty-five States and the District of Colummcre irrepressible leaders of the Mugwump element of the Democratic party,
bia. That indicates a force that can make itself felt. whose defection from the Republican party was largely occasioned by the pro
New York Tribune (Rep.), August 31. nounced protectionism of that organization. At a time when most of the sagacious Democratic leaders would be glad to have the free-trade issue comfortably
THESE Free-Traders know that the Eastern and Western States, with two-thirds buried and put out of politics these Mugwump agitators feel that their occupation
of the population of the country, cast overwhelming majorities against Mr. Morriwould be gone and their English alliances disrupted unless they can figure con
son's bill at the last session of Congress and in 1884. Only 14 Eastern members spicuously in their favorite arena of discussion. So they have issued a circular
voted or were paired so: Morrison's bill this year, and so against it; only 37 that abounds, of course, in misstatements of fact as to the operations of our tariff,
Western members were for it, and 72 against it. It had no chance of success, had and in denunciations of Mr. Randall's propositions of practical tariff reform. They
not the suppression of a million voters at the South, and the consequent election of propose to carry the Mugwump methods into the Congressional districts that are
members from that section who do not represent the will of the people or espe. sufficiently close to favor that style of strategy. The language of the circular is
cially of the laboring people, made the Southern delegation substantially solid for quite notable is some places; for instance, this:
free trade. But, moreover, the Free Traders ought to know that a dishonest
gerrymander had secured five Democratic votes from Ohio, which cannot now be It is, therefore, essential that each friend of commercial freedom, in anticipation of the nominations in his congressional district, shall determine, and as far as possible pub repudiators secured four in Michigan by 'scanty pluralities, and that cheating tem
secured under an honest apportionment; that a swindling fusion with soft-money llcly declare his determination, not to vote for any candidate for Congress who is not opposed to a tariff for “protection," except where it is necessary to defeat, by electing perance tickets were used to elect others, where the majority of the people unmisan avowed protectionist opponent, a candidate who straddles Democracy by catering to iakably favor the protection of home industries. To speak plainly, a large part of monopolists and traders in special legislation, on the one hand, while claiming support from the toiling, tax-paying masses, on the other. In what cases it may be best to put
the forty-six Northern Democrats who supported Mr. Morrison's bill were elected an independent candidate in the field, and in what others to abstain from yoting, must by dishonest means, and yet 152 votes from the same States were cast or paired be left to the Free Traders of each district to decide for themselves.
against that bill. If the Free Traders will kindly do what they again profess that The new Mugwump movement will attract particular attention in the South, they intend to do, if they will make a clean and sharp issue between protection where the rapid growth of home manufactures under the Republican tariff has and free trade, so that the great army of Democratic workers and manufacturers, converted a large number of the brainiest and most sensible Democratic editors who now beguile themselves with the notion that they can defend their principles and and politicians to the Republican notions in regard to the best methods of devel interests as well inside that party as outside, shall be compelled to vote either
for oping the incalculable material resources of that section. It is not beyond the
Free-Traders or for Republican candidates, they will insure Republican majorities in limits of probability that Mugwump activity in the propagation of free trade may
every Northern State, and in part of the Southern States, provided an honest vote and bother the Democrats as much as the Prohibitionists have bothered the Repub
an honest count can be had.
Hence it is sincerely to be hoped that this latest declalicans.
ration means a little more than the previous pronunciamentoes of similiar tenor, and New York Evening Post (Ind.), August 30.
that the Free Traders do not mean this year to steal success for Democratic can THE American Free-Trade League have issued an address to the public which
didates by falsely pretending that the tariff is not an issue. falls in very pat with Mr. Blaine's recent attempt to revive an interest in the doc
Baltimore News (Dem.), August 30. trine of “protection to home industry.” The address points to the failure of the What is obviously wanted in this country is a new party with outspoken views large Democratic majority in the House of Representatives to pass a bill for tariff and pledges upon the tariff question—a party which will have no smell of the stale reform looking only to the removal of the heavy burden of taxation from a few
war blood upon it, a party which will appeal to no hoary prejudice, but will take leading industries and to the refusal of the Republicans even to consider a measure to that end, although both parties are committed by their platforms to some kind of associations. Under its banner Free Traders from all the old parties could 'enlist
up a most important issue and discuss it without sectional prejudice or vindictive reform of the tariff. Under such circumstances the Free-Trade League consider with perfect consistency, without regard to their past associations, and thus the that the time has come when all persons who believe in tariff reform should cast
greatest question of the times could be dealt with by popular intelligence in a their votes for or against candidates for Congress on this distinct issue. Taking the vote on the Morrison Tariff bill as a guide, it may be seen that a very small change something practical like this organizea new party and put it in reputable political in the complexion of the House would suffice to convert the minority into a ma
standing or will continue to issue occasional manifestoes to remind the world jority, and that this change might be effected by less than 5 per cent of the voters they are still alive, remains to be seen. Certainly they will not accomplish any in a few Congressional districts. The address does not propose the formation of a
thing save to make themselves solemnly ridiculous by persistence in such conduct
, new party, but merely such action as may be necessary to make the tariff-reform
Unless they intend to organize a party to do something practical in these practical vote effective in both parties. Mr. Blaine's notions of “protection to home in
days in regard to a thoroughly practical issue, they might as well stop their spas. dustry” do not admit that there is any room for reform in the tariff
, except, per modic publications. Even if the latter convinces any one, the convert remains with pride
What the Free-Trade League sistent with this view. This statement, like many of the positive declarations made
should do is to organize a party which would bring to its ranks all the Free Traders
haps, in the direction of an increase of duties pon imported goods
. He points with his old organization, and, il a Republican, continues to vote his war sentines
of all schools and connections, and thus make the issue squarely before the think the iniquity of Mr. Randall's proposition to advance the duty on tin plate, and it ing and intelligent people, by whom it can be permanently decided. This would threatens a combination of Democratic and Republican Free-Traders “to destroy a leave the Republican party the party of protection, and the issue would be squarely party which can not carry out its own principles, to supersede it with a new party joined between the two and settled durably to the advantage of the country. of freedom, and to compel the advocates of restriction to join together in the open Philadelphia Inquirer (Rep.), August 31.
field.? Why not? The Prohibitionists have gone into politics and mean to stay
there. The labor reformers are trying to organize the great mass of wage earners In every Congressional contest occurring this fall let every Free-Trader vote for
as a separate political force. Why should not the Free-Traders array themselves as a free-trade Representative and every Protectionist for a protection Representative.
a grand Mugwump party, and take the field on their own account? We should By that means the opinion of the whole country will be learned and recorded, and
like to see it done, and we don't believe it would be very hard to count their if it should be against the Protectionists they will willingly submit to the conse
votes, either. quences, but upon the understanding that is it should be against the Free-Traders
Macon Telegraph (Dem.), August 31. they will as cheerfully and sincerely submit to it. It is a question to be answered, and there can be no better way of getting a positive answer to it than by the way
The Revenue Reformers get angry when they are called Free-Traders, and yet suggested by the league. We hope they will insist upon making free trade or
the Free-Traders call upon the Revenue Resormers to support extreme measures, protection the only issue in every Congressional district in the land. If they should
even to the destruction of the Democratic party. The Revenue Reformers claim do so they will no doubt be wiser if not better citizens. They will learn by the
to have a large majority of the Democratic party. If that be true, they can have result that an overwhelming majority of the people of the United States are un
no difficulty in making a platform free from ambiguity in the next Presidential conquerably opposed, first, last, and all the time, to that pernicious doctrine which
campaign. Don't give the country any more double-headers—that is, pie here and would reduce our intelligent, independent workingmen and women to the abject pudding yonder. Mr. Mills is right. He is claimed as a Revenue Reformer, but condition of those of the Old World, who, as Secretary Bayard finely said, have
he declares himself a Free-Trader, and suggests practical way in which this discusno voice, but express themselves by a groan. The Protectionists, knowing the
sion may be forever disposed of. common strength of the protection feeling throughout the country, have made no effort to secure a representative majority in Congress, but now being challenged by the Free-Traders to do it, they should put forth their strength, and in every
HENRY GEORGE AND NEW YORK MAYORALTY. district in the land they should make their candidate a standard-bearer for the
Rochester Herald (Rep.). great principle of protection to American labor and capital.
The name of Henry George having been mentioned, along with others, for the
mayoralty of New York city, that individual announces that he will accept the
Manchester Union (Dem.). sylvania make a district for Mr. Randall. They would rather lose half their dele
CONSIDERING that the practice in this country is to grab a nomination for office gation in Congress than have him retired, for he is of more efficiency in continuing
as a prize, the workingmen naturally think that Mr. George is a trifle particular. to fasten upon the country the atrocious system of a prohibitory tariff than all the
The idea isn't a bad one, and if it was generally adopted, hosts of men who are Republicans of Pennsylvania put together. Let the Free-Trade League send a
now “prominent citizens” and “growing statesmen » would find themselves Pennsylvanian into Mr. Randall's district to contest the election with him on the
shrunk to the very small measure of obscure private citizens. If we could only one point of tariff legislation, supporting him heartily with free-trade speakers who
lay out a Congress after this plan, what a grand thing it would be! can popularize the ordinarily dry topic, presenting it so clearly that he who runs may read. Mr. Randall may not be beaten. His Republican allies would rally
Norfolk Landmark (Dem.).
Milwaukee Wisconsin (Rep.).
That charlatan social economist, llenry George, presumes too much upon his
Chicago Journal (Rep.), August 25. or simply bolt the regular Democratic nominations when they fail to represent their
Rev. E. J. M. CLEMENS has recently published a book relating to the southern states notions of commercial freedom. It is a matter of no very grave concern how high of South America. He was formerly a missionary of the Methodist Church, and a horse the Free-Traders mount, provided they don't essay to put their scooping saddle on the Democratic nag. When they (lo there will be some tall kicking
has traveled extensively in the South American countries. The book is an inter
esting one, and contains much curious and valuable insorination. To the extent and bucking. It is presumable, however, that the address will be, as heretofore,
that it describes the routes of travel for reaching the farthest South American seathe end of their "aggressive and uncompromising action.” Having sown the
ports, and shows the distance the United States is behind the rest of the civilized wind, they will wait in patience to reap the party whirlwind, which will apparently world in methods of transportation to and from accessible points on our own con
tinent, it is an impeachment of the enterprise, legislation and entire policy of this Pittsburgh Commercial Gazette (Rep.), clugust 31.
country. Mr. Clemens says that there is no way of reaching the La Plata region Turir plan for changing the complexion of the National House of Representa from North American ports directly by steam navigation. A person going to the lives must inevitably fail, in which event the league will have an opportunity to eastern coast of southern South America by steam, may first cross the Atlantic to launch its new political organization for the purpose of “ destroying a party which Liverpool, and there take a steamer for his destination. Otherwise, he may go to can not carry out its own principles.” This is no new idea, but it has never yet San Francisco by rail, there take a steamer to Valparaiso, and from there make a aken any more serious or definite shape than a threat—a threat, too, which has voyage around Cape Horn, or at Valparaiso he may cross the Andes on a mule's had very little effect on the Democratic party. The next contribution to the free back and go from the eastern base of the mountains by rail to the Atlantic coast. -rade literature of the day will be an address from Speaker Carlisle, or more prop A third route is from New York to Panama, and from there to Valparaiso, from erly speaking, from the committee appointed by revenue reformers of the House whence he may either cross the country or go by steamer around the Horn. If mmediately after the defeat of the Morrison bill, to prepare an address to the the traveler is not in a hurry he may embark on a sail vessel loaded with lumber Country: Until very recently it had been taken for granted that the committee at Portland, Me., destined for extreme South American ports, and take his chances would let the matter go by default, but it is now said that the address will be forth of arriving at his destination at some unknown but distant period in the future. coming in September, and that Mr. Carlisle will prepare the first draft of it at Either route by steam exceeds 7,000 miles in length. These are the only means Deer Park on his way home. The more closely and clearly this tariff issue is de of transportation between seaports on the North Atlantic and on the farther ined in the present canvass the better it will be for the cause of protection. With South Atlantic coast. It is not probable that one person in a thousand among in Mr. Blaine leading on the one side, and the Free-Trade League and Revenue telligent people is aware of this fact, which is so discreditable to the enterprise of Reformers on the other, the popular mind should be able to comprehend the situ the people of the United States, and so unlike them in most other respects. It is ution.
evident that some measures should be adopted by Congress to encourage comBrooklyn Times (Rep.), August 30.
merce with the South American States. There should be lines of steam naviga The address of the American Free-Traders, adopted at a conserence held in New tion established between New York and the South Atlantic ports. Government York on August 12, berates the Democrats for their failure, in spite of their large aid should be given to these lines—not niggardly, but generously. Enterprise majority in the House of Representatives, to pass the Morrison bill. It denounces sh be encouraged and rewarded. With an outlet and a market there for our