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the children were not only permitted but encouraged to attend the chapel instead court at Versailles. They lay all round in ambush, and found their advantage in of church. Strangers are allowed free access to the park and ruins of Hawarden, the queen's craving for dressing her hair (111). One day she saw the Duc de and we had no difficulty in procuring admission to the orphanage. I have even Lauzun in uniform, his hat adorned with a most magnificent plume of white known of persons being permitted to go through the house itself, which is not a heron's feathers. The duke, being told the queen admired the plume; offered it to show place, and chiefly remarkable for its numerous books, which are not only in her. It was accepted and worn; whereupon the donor supposed he had made a Mr. Gladstone's study and library, but in every one of the living-rooms. In his conquest, and became so insulting that the queen said, “That man shall never study he has a table for each variety of work, a literary table, a political and theo. again come within my doors.” About 1775 the feathered head-dress reached its Jogical one, another for letter-writing, and so on. Over the alcoves devoted to climax. The Duchess of Devonshire wore an ostrich feather more than four feet Homer, Virgil, llorace, Spenser, and Shakespeare, are busts and pictures not only long, and as she was a reigning queen in the domain of fashion, there was quite a of the men themselves, but of their friends and of places connected with them. rage for lowering feathers. As on former occasions, the ladies became so tall that Over Mrs. Gladstone's desk is the fine portrait of her husband painted by Milais. they could not enter the door of any room. Queen Charlotte tried to stop the As there is no public library in Hawarden, every one of the many thousand volumes practice by forbidding feathers at court, but nothing succeeded until Foote apbelonging to the library of the castle is freely lent, the villagers coming to select peared as Lady Pentweazle, with a head-dress at least a yard wide, and no doubt upon a specific day of the week, when a member of the household acts as librarian. correspondingly high, stuck full of feathers. The king and queen, who were The wealth necessary to support the extensive establishment, and the vast wealth present, greatly enjoyed the caricature, and to heighten the joke, the whole appaof the family, comes from the finding of coal and iron on the Glynne estates early ratus of feathers, hair, and wool fell off as Lady Pentweazle waddled off the stage. in the present century. It is nobly and generously devoted to the good of others; In the same year Madam Campan relates in her memoirs how Marie Antoinette but, perhaps, the greatest benefit it confers upon the world is the keeping up of this one day found a peacock's feather on her toilet table. Of course, it went on to beautiful historic home, so suitable to the genius and character of Mr. Gladstone her head; the effect pleased her; she put on a second; then she added some Annie Sawyer Downs, in the Christian at Work.

ostrich feathers. The king came in at the moment; never had he seen a head so

well dressed.--Magazine of Art for September. TIPPING.—No one thing is a greater nuisance to the traveling public than the now almost universal custom of tipping. When one makes a contract with the

A FASHIONABLE MISFORTUNE.—A countryman had been to the city and went owner of a house, he is not expected to pay the agent for carrying out, under the

home brimful of news. “ You ʼmember the Smiths ?” he asked his wife," th’ Silver owner's orders, the contract with the tenant. When goods are purchased of a

Crik Smiths, them as got rich on the’r gran'feyther's money.” Yes, she rememmerchant, no one expects to see the clerk for giving right measure, or the driver

bered them. “I seen 'em. They're way up; live in a gran' house on a street of the delivery wagon for delivering the goods in good order. Yet, is it not just

they call a thavenoo. They ride in a double kerridge, and have no end of as reasonable to see either of these employés as the waiter who serves yo

at the

money.” She said she s'posed as much. “ But, 'Mandy, you wouldn't want ter hotel table, or the porter who carries your trunk to your room? The contract

change places with her. I see her a minnit, and I didn't hev the heart to speak ť with the hotel-keeper includes these services. Many advertisements of popular

her. She's bin humbled right down to the dust. She's as blind as a bat.” Blind! hotels make mention of “first-class service" as a means of attracting guests.

She guessed not. But she is, l'ust, she didn't know me, me that's rid down Fortunate will the guest be if, when he arrives, he does not find himself forced to hill and played tag with her, when she warn't knee-high to a turkey. Then, put his hand in his pocket in order to see an example of this much-desired and 'Manıly, though her eyes was wide open, she went right along the streets, all comfort-giving experience-quick, quiet-respecting, and self-respecting service.

dressed up in her fine clothes, and a leetle mite of a dog was leading her along. It is difficult to decide which is most annoying, indifferent, careless service or

He was tied to a streeng, and she had hoki of t’other end of the streeng. Now, cringing, obsequious service. All that any self-respecting person requires from a

'Mandy, how'd you like to be her ? ”—Detroit Free Press. servant, either at home or abroad, is intelligent service in the capacity in which they are engaged. Few who tip waiters or public servants think of the injury they inflict on the receiver, or the injustice on the fellow-traveler or guest.

RELIGIOUS. Not many years ago, at a hotel at one of the popular resorts in the northern part of the State of New York, where the writer was a guest, the waiters were girls of the class usually found in such employment. The tables accommodated about eight

RELIGIOUS FLUNKEYISM.-In a full column headed “ Her First Communion," persons, and one servant was assigned to each table. All went well until the ap

the admission of Mrs. Cleveland, by letter, to the First Presbyterian Church in pearance of a young man and his wise. The man had the appearance and man

Washington, is most minutely described. The President was absent. After a ners of a smart clerk. After the first appearance of the couple at the table the waitress was demoralized; she had eyes, feet, and hands for no other person until

careful account of the lady's dress and bonnet, the writer tells us : “The congre. the young man and his wise were served. The secret cause of this devotion was un

gation was on its feet, singing the opening hymn, when Mrs. Cleveland entered,

and the pleased smile which lit up her pretty face, as she tripped lightly up the derstood even before the young man remarked, when a dish not on the bill of fare

aisle, indicated a playsul satisfaction that she was in just so that nobody would was placed before him, “Do you suppose I did not know enough to grease her

notice that she had come late. To the numerous fans in motion, as soon as the hands when I first came?” He was so dull of comprehension that he could not see the righteous indignation of which he had been the object for days, and which

congregation resumed its seat, she added the graceful play of a lovely white, silken fan, ornamented with a neat little vignette, hand-painted.” After a pictur

, nearly burst upon him when he made this coarse declaration. He had obtained

esque account of Mrs. Folson's toilet, the reporter says: “ It was a day of special favors at the expense of every other person at the table.

services. The regular services were to be followed by communion and the rite of Vever yet has a special service been exacted by a see from any servant or official

haptism. The pulpit was decorated with bright flowers in crystal vases, and in that some other person lias not been correspondingly inconvenienced or defrauded of service or place to which they were entitled. Many times fees are given for

front of the pulpit stood the communion table, with the bread plates and the sil

ver wine-cups peeping out from beneath the white damask covering, on which the sole purpose of giving a feeling of importance to the giver. Men of small minds get infinite satisfaction from servile service, even when they know that it is

the summer flies disported in the sunshine.” Then come some announcements

about the pastor's vacation and the supply of his pulpit during the summer, and purchased, and not offered from personal respect or admiration. Everybody inwardly protests against feeling. What is needed is concerted action, or, more

this painstaking chronicler of events gives us some excerpts from the opening

prayer : properly, inaction; a position, not of protesting against the offensive and rapidly

Dr. Sunderland offered a long prayer and a special one. After praying for growing custom, but a refusal to submit to it or be a party to its further develoj).

everybody in general, he prayed for our Government, and particularly our Presiment or continuance. It woull be one way to develop moral strength. The silent but impudent protest from the house servants at fashionable resorts

dent, for whom he besought health, and grace, and wisdom, discernment to see

and to know the right and the wrong of questions submitted for his decision. against the individual who has the temerity to refuse to pay toll when passing

Then the prayer turned on Mrs. Cleveland : through their domain is about as much as moral kings and queens can endure, and far more than the average traveler can encounter with equanimity. A man that

"Oh, Heavenly Father, we pray that thou wilt abundantly bless her whose can face the mouih of a cannon in the height of battle quails before the thinly; inspire her with all gracious dispositions and with true and wise affections, that

lise is now bound up with his life. We know that thou art able to uphold and veiled contempt of the hotel autocrals who have climbed to their present exalted position on human weakness. To refuse allegiance, from principle, to usurped au

her walk may be before this nation like a morning light, shedding choicest influihority that holds such power is a proof of moral and mental strength above the

ences and adding the fragrance of her example to the Christian womanhood of the

times in which we liye.'” average.— The Christian Union.

To which all the people say, “Amen!” It may be questionable, as a matter of HEADGEAR IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY.—The hopes excited by the death taste, to make such direct allusions to the distinguished worshipers. Dr. Newof Louis XV expressed themselves in head-dresses surrounded by ears of wheat. man, in President Grant's time, was much criticised because of it. The writer A complete revolution in favor of simplicity seemed probable, for Marie Antoinette has heard such allusions to President Grant in the prayers of Dr. Newman, and fully appreciated the freedom it gave. But fashion seems strong as fate; the similar ones in a sermon of his on Thanksgiving Day he has heard vigorously ap. young queen took the virus, and with the aid of her milliner, Mīle. Bertini, and plauded. In the Vermont Avenue Christian Church of this city, during the brief her hair-dresser, Leonard, she reopened the mad dance in fashions so preposterous period that it was the "court church,” the form of prayer for ( the President of that sending her portrait to her mother, the Empress Maria Theresa, it was re ihe United States," which had been uniformly used, was omitted, and for it was turned with the remark that there was some mistake, for the portrait of an actress substituted, upon grounds of delicacy, the remembrance of those in positions of had been received, and not that of the Queen of France. This, however, was responsibility, authority, and trust. Marie Antoinette's idea of her vocation : “I am on the stage,” she said, “and But our news gatherer goes on to tell of the sermon : shall be hissed or applauded.” Not only her mother, but her brother, the Em “ The reverend gentleman delivered a beautiful anthological sermon on The peror Joseph II, was annoyed by this weakness. When the latter came to see her Pathos of Parting,' and coming immediately after the

announcement that he would at Paris, he could not suppress his vexation. Seeing her one day laying on the start on his vacation during the coming week, his hearers for a time regarded his rouge very thick, preparatory to going to the play, he said, pointing to a lady in touching words as personal; but when, in closing, he alluded to the Lord's Supthe room whose face was blazen with paint, “ A little more under the eyes; lay per as the good-bye of Jesus on parting from his friends on his way to the cross, it on the rouge like a fury, as that lady does." However, it is doubtful whether

appeared that the sermon was a propos of the sacrament about to be administered." Maria Theresa herself could have resisted such a legion of devils as possessed the There is nothing like an “anihological sermon " for an audience of dignities. A

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discourse made up of beautiful extracts from different authors, or of flowers gathered H. Spurgeon are permitted unchallenged, with the exception of his sermon on from works of devotion, just on the eve of a pastor's vacation, is very helpful to the baptismal regeneration, which is prohibited. --The journal of the Centennial flock in the way of preparing them for the usual summer separation.

Convention of the Episcopal Diocese of Delaware gives the following figures : We are told how Mrs. Cleveland remained to communion, and nearly everybody | Clergy, 29; rochial and missionary, 19; total, 48; parishes, 27; churches and else remained; how the announcement in which all interest centered was that chapels, 38; baptisms, infants, 236; adults, 29; confirmed, 162; communicants, “ Frank Folsom Cleveland has been admitted upon certificate from the Central present number, 2,282; Sunday-school teachers and scholars, 2,353; total contriPresbyterian Church of Buffalo;" how the pastor made a few remarks of welcome, butions, $44,328.78. -In England and Wales there are 4,384 Congregational and again prayed : “ Especially do we commend her whom thou hast called to so Churches, with sitting accommodation for 1,582,400 persons. During last year high and conspicuous a position in the sight of this great people and in the sight there was an increase of thirty-five, with 13,052 sittings. In Scotland there are of the world;" how “ all this time the particular object of interest was looking as only 103 Congregational Churches, while Ireland has fewer still, only twentydevout and angelic as an ideal Sister of Mercy;" how, when Rock of Ages was six. In the islands of the British seas there are twelve, making a total of 4,525. sung, she "joined in the singing, and did not have to refer to the book for the In London there are 260 of these churches, besides 170 mission halls. -Y. M. words.”

C. A. work is making great progress; e. g., there are now ninety association buildBut now comes the crowning scene of this eventful occasion—waiting for Mrs. ings in the United States and Canada, and the net value of association property Cleveland's cup:

aggregates $5,040,178; 365 associations own libraries of 272,624 volumes, worth “ After this the bread and wine of the communion were passed around. Mrs. $293,168; 444 reading-rooms, with a total daily average attendance of 22,587 are Cleveland's scat was just a row or two in front of the line where two wine cups reported; 131 associations report gymnasiums and other means of physical culmet. One was passed along the front seats, the other was passed among the occu ture, such as rowing, base-ball, and outing clubs, bowling alley, &c., and 592 repants of the seats behind. The latter, having circulated more rapidly than the for port 666 Bible classes, with an aggregate average attendance of 7,340; 487 men mer, was presented in turn to members, who, scated immediately behind Mrs. Cleve are devoting their whole time to the work as general secretaries, librarians, and land, waited anxiously to touch the cup which her lips had graced. When the wrong gymnasium instructors. There are 1,066 associations in the country, including the cup was presented they preferred to wait, and did wait, until the coveted cup came college, railroad, German, colored, and Indian branches. The annual current exaround, actuated apparently by a worthy spirit, like that which inspired the song penses of these thousand societies amount to over $800,000. There are 650 of once so popular among Union soldiers, “We Drank from the Same Canteen.” These associations in Germany, 79 in France, 570 in Great Britain, 491 in Holland, They watched the lady's delicate hand encircle the bowl; they watched her putting 8 in Russia, 2 in China, 3 in Japan, 6 in India, 12 in Africa, 14 in Australia, &c. the brim to her lips, and when they had touched the same cup they were satisfied.” -Dr. W. Herzberg, the director of the Jewish Orphanage in Jerusalem, is

This, the reader will remember, is the Lord's Supper ! “Do this in remembrance about to visit London and other European capitals for the purpose of arousing of me" is forgotten. The thought seems to be not to commemorate the sufferings practical sympathy on behalf of that institution.A Jewish society called the and death of the King of Kings, but to touch the same cup with the President's Gates of Heaven Association has been abandoned after three years' existence. wife.

Again, the ambitious mortal who would preserve this scene in the “art preservative of arts” describes two mothers and two fathers as stepping to the front with two babies to be baptized. Think of it! The mistress of the White House,

SCIENTIFIC. he tells us, “seemed deeply interested, and moved about in the seat to get a good view of the ceremony.” Her interest reached its greatest height when Dr. Sunderland, pouring water on the second baby's head, said, “ I baptize thee, Frances.” THE RELATIONS OF COLOR TO MUSIC.-Certain analyses between music and How apostolic as well as graphic!

color have been the subject at all times of observation, particularly among musiFinally, we are told how the preacher " walked promptly down the aisle and

cians and painters, in what may be termed their structural relations, especially such shook the hand which a sew weeks ago he joined in wedlock to the hand of the Presi

as concern harmonies and discords. It is not merely that the painter, like the dent of the United States;" how the first lady in the land received the greetings of musician, chooses his key and selects such colors of given depths or degrees of many ladies of the congregation, and exchanged compliments with her friends on both clearness and in such porportions as well create harmony and avoid discords, but sides of the aisle as she passed, with many interruptions, to the door;” how “a that in translating the phrases of music into color the conditions present a striking close carriage was waiting, but there was a rain falling that in a few minutes similarity. The working out of the precise points of correspondence might presturned the streets into a Howing river; ” how “ the gallant policeman who does ently place painting on the basis of a science. A comparison of existing systems duty at the door had an umbrella in readiness, and, as soon as the mistress of the of colors favors, however, on the part of the decorative painter, adherence to rules White Ilouse appeared on the threshhold, placed an umbrella at her service with gained by observation and the exercise of taste and common-sense. Light might the address of a Raleigh or a Buckingham;" how “she smiled pleasantly even be thrown on the nature of our sensations, seeing the effects of the qualities on the uniformed policeman, took his arm, and, under the shelter of his umbrella, of music and color are not dissimilar. As a note depends on the number of vibraskipped lightly across the sidewalk and entered the carriage,” and how - her

tions of the strings, so the color of light depends on the movement of its undulamolher followeil under another gentleman's umbrella, and the carriage drove off tions. It is found that the undulations of color thrown on the iris increase in in the rain!”

quantity as they ascend, for instance, from red to violet; the same phenomena occur Of course, all this must be deeply interesting to the public, or the leading papers in the musical scale in passing from the grave to the more acute sounds. In music would not furnish it. Nobody can think that either the Chief Magistrate or his

every note in the gamut may be supported from a fundamental bass note, with the accomplished wife regards it with anything but disgust and abhorrence. The Presi

third and fisth forming the common chord. For the three chords required in the dent's course in selecting Dr. Sunderland's church, a plain church in a plain part base cleff we have a color scale submitted as the best nomenclature attainable. of the city, and with a small congregation, is sufficient to indicate his own feeling The first chord founded on C, red; E, yellow; G, blue; the second on F, green; in the matter. Nor has the good doctor ever been charged with anything like an A, indigo; C, red; the third on G, blue; B, violet; D, orange. As resulting obsequious spirit. But something is wrong when such exhibitions are presented

from the properties and offices of the different intervals of the musical scale, the to the world. Evidently the press and the people need a rehuke from every man following names are appropriated to the colors: C, dominant or tonic; D, superwho respects the cause of religion, who respects himself, or who truly respects the tonic; E, mediant; F, sub-dominant; A, sub.mediant; B, sub-tonic. Dominant highest dignities. That Christianity suffers from this miserable perversion none is applied to the fifth interval from predominance in harmony, mediant to the third, can question.-Rcv. F. D. Power, in the Christian Standard.

from the position A holds between tonic and dominant. There is a legend of a NOTES.—There is a warm discussion going on between various prominent Con series of marches, waltzes, and fantasias having been executed by a musician from gregationalists concerning the theological tests submitted to candidates for mis a score composed of the seven prismatic colors, shades, and tints, now grave, now sionary work under the American board. Two thousand five hundred people gay, being introduced. In the musical color scale most nearly perfected, which is attended the Faith Convention held at Old Orchard, Me. -The Rev. Mr. Park, made to answer the keynote C, blue and red are set down as primary colors, colors of Birmingham, Conn., is giving open-air addresses on Sunday evenings, which which are stated to occur respectively, taking number and strength of undulations are preceded by a sacred concert. -Lieutenant-Governor Ames, of Massachu and harmonizing effects as a guide in the first, third, and fifth intervals. The pitch setts, has donated to the Memorial Methodist Church at Plymouth, Mass., a bell in sounds is regarded in the scheme as equivalent to tint or hue of color, determincast by Paul Revere, and which was once known at Boston as the Liberty | ing their relation to each other. Bell,” it having been customary to ring it on the issuance of pardon proclama Without going into rudiments we may here state that sounds in unison are tions by the Governor. A member of Plymouth Church, Brooklyn, is writing those whose

respective undulations render it possible for them to act together witha novel with Henry Ward Beecher as the hero.-- The International Missionary out neutralizing each other. Red is assumed to be the analogue of C, the natural Union, which is composed of returned missionaries of all evangelical churches

, key in music, in the color scale, being the least infrangible and its vibrations met at the Thousand Islands, August 4-11. -In Denver, Col., out of a Chinese being longer and slower than any of its own series; so also with other intervals. population of 500, 175 are in schools and 100 of them under decided religious Undue force of the dominant, as compared with intervals of a perfect chord, is held influence. In San Francisco there are 248 members connected with the Chinese to be injurious to unity in painting as to unison in music. En passant, Salvator and Japanese churches, 58 having been added during the past year. There are Rosa, Carl Antonio, Guiclo Romano, and Julio Romano, the last named an emi659 pupils in their schools. There are also 4 Chinese Sunday-schools in Chicago. nent disciple of Raffaelle, were also musicians, and it may be surmised that their

-At the last Congregational Mission meeting in Chicago, Dr. Davis, of Japan, knowledge of music aided them in their designs. The paintings of many of the told what a remarkable change had taken place in Japan within ten years. About great masters have been cited by theorists on the subject as illustrating the analogy 1876 he and a companion had been arrested and tried for distributing tracts. between music and the color compositions. The painter fixes on a definite key, Now the authorities were friendly toward Christianity, and at the tenth anniversity then localizes the dependent colors, and it is held that the better the composition, of the mission school the prime minister and governors of two provinces were decorative or pictorial, the more closely it assimilates to the arrangement of musical present. The mission schools are crowded, although it is hard work to prevent chords. From theory nothing is to be expected as long as there is no practical the young men from going out to preach before they have completed their studies. standard, but the continued study of the relations of the musical to the chromatic

—The Russian bishops of Siberia have held a conserence at Irkutsk to consult scale may in time result in the production of a more satisfying color scheme than upon energetic measures for the conversion of the heathen. -Notwithstanding has yet been developed. In the application of the science of music to color, it is the střiçt censorship of the press in Russia, all works having the name of Charles found that alternate colors produce common chords, red, yellow, and blue answer

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to green,

old age.

ing to C, E, and G, and orange, green, and purple to D, F, and A. If we take drills. Its depth is 1,390 meters (4,560 feet); its breadth at the bottom two inches, one primitive, say red, the other two, yellow and blue, must exist either separately and at the top eleven inches. It has occupied three and a half years to bore, and cost a or in its complementary green; or, taking a compound color, purple, composed of little over twenty-five thousand dollars. The temperature at the bottom is 118 degrees red and blue, its complementary will be found either in the opposite color, yellow, Fahrenheit. -Red sunsets, similar to those which in 1884 were attributed to a volor in the alternate compounds, green and orange taken together. There is an canic eruption in Java, are looked for as the result of the New Zealand eruption. evident analogy in the effects of interference, both in color and sound. Yellow, The latest advance in astronomical photography is a series of surprising photoin chromatic phrase, is said to be “indifferent

red to orange, violet to graphs of the planet Saturn, made by the Henry brothers, of Paris. They show. blue. Now, musically speaking, these intervals, being seconds, are positive discords. the two principal rings, with the division between them, and their marked contrast When a green opposed to a strong yellow appears blue, a purple to a blue red, in brightness. The « crape” ring is also perceptible, and on the ball of the planet and an orange to a red appears yellow, this arises as in musical vibrations from itself the belts and dark polar cap. -Mr. W. F. Denning has made a series of certain undulations interfering with each other, as when green opposed to a strong caresul drawing of the appearance of the planet Mars this year, and finds the edges yellow appears blue, a purple to a blue red, and an orange to a red appears yel of the seas very brilliant and well defined. The surface markings of the planet low. The Decorator and Furnisher,

are very varied, and in some places distinctly mottled, and during the past few THE HEAT OF THE SUN.—Sir Isaac Newton thought the heat of the sun was

months the north polar cap has been very bright, and in startling contrast to the at least 2,000 times greater than the temperature of red-hot iron. Pouillet cal

less luminous regions. Mr. Denning thinks that the atmosphere of Mars, instead culated that the solar heat which falls on a square centimeter (nearly a seventh

of being dense and cloud-laden, is extremely attenuated, and that most of the part of a square inch) of the terrestrial surface is sufficient to raise 17,633 grains

supposed changes in the latter are really due to changes in the earth's atmosphere. (nearly a troy pennyweight) of water 10 of centigrade every minute, and, having

- Domestication softens the whole organic structure. In the feathered species adopted this as what he termed a “caloric,” or constant unit of solar heat, he, es

the feathering is not as dense nor as hard as on the wild fowl. A regulation as timating backward, inferred that the heat issuing from a similar measure on the

old as the French Academy of Science has just been broken through in Paris. sursace of the sun would there serve to melt a layer of ice 11.80 meters (36 feet

Women have hitherto been excluded from the sittings of the academy, but at the i inch) thick every minute. Pouillet spoke of a temperature somewhere between

meeting of June 28 the interdiction was raised in favor of Mlle. Sophie Kowlewska, 2,6300 and 3,1700 Fah. as the probable amount of heat of the sun. Ericsson as

professor of mathematics at the University of Stockholm, and daughter of the sumed the enormously higher quantity of 4,000,0000 Fah. Professor Langley,

eminent paleontologist, Admiral Jurien de la Graviere, who presided, welcomed from observations made with his recently constructed barometer, or ray measurer

her in graceful terms, and said that her presence should be a cause of pride and -a very sensitive instrument, in which calorific vibrations are converted into elec

pleasure, not only to the mathematicians present, but to the whole academy. As she tric currents-gives as a probably exact result from 1,8000 to 2,0000 centigrade,

entered the whole of the members rose to salute her. She took her place between and by a very beautisul series of experiments of an altogether independent nature,

General Fave and M. Chevreul. -The honor of knighthood has been conferred he satisfies himself that the sun's hemisphere radiates eighty-seven times as much

on Mr. Philip Maginis, the head of the City and Guilds Technical Institute at heat and 5,300 iines as much light as an equal area of incandescent steel in a

South Kensington. -The death is announced of Dr. H. F. Hance at Amoy, at Bessemer converter, in which the air-blast has been sustained for about twenty

which place he was the English consul. It is said that he did more than any minutes. This may, perhaps, be fairly looked upon as the most trustworthy ap

other man to make the world acquainted with the flora of China. —A full cata

-Under proximation to any definite conclusion that has yet been found possible in this

logue of all the known Chinese plants is now in course of publication, very clisiicult branch of human knowledge.— The Age of Steel.

the management of Dr. Bastian the administration of the Berlin Royal Ethnological

Museum has commenced 10 publish a series of original communications explanatory STRENGTII OF SUBMARINE CABLES.—A submarine cable is by no means of uni of the collection in that famous institution. It promises to develop into a vast form strength, the thickness depending to a large extent on the depth of water. encyclopedia of anthropological subjects. ---According to an official announceFor instance, a shore-end in the shallowest water, and subject to the greatest danger ment of the trustees of the “Schwestern Fröhlich Stiftung” at Vienna, certain from the anchors of vessels, will be the heaviest portion, sometimes going as high donations will be granted this year in accordance with the will of the testatrix, as 27 tons to a knot. In forming the shore-end cable, the core is covered with Miss Anna Fröhlich, to deserving persons of talent who have distinguished themhemp and a double sheathing of iron wire, the inner slieathing being of 12 wires selves in any of the branches of science, art, or literature who may be in want of of a diameter of 0.165 inch, and the outer sheathing 14 wires, with a diameter of pecuniary support either through accident, illness, or infirmity consequent upon 0.280 inch. The outside is covered with hemp yarn and bituminous compound,

-The eminent Norwegian naturalist, Leonhard Stejuger, has published the whole weighing about 16 tons per nautical miis A portion of the intermediate

in this country "The Results of Ornithological Explorations in the Commander cable is covered with 12 wires, 0.252 inch in diameter, weighing in all 5 tons; Islands and in Kamtschatka.” -The Siberian lakes are crying up.—Mr. another portion is covered with 12 wires, 0.165 inch in diameter, weighing about Granville Cole has been appointed to the professorship of geology at Bedford 3 tons. The deep sea is covered with vteel vires, 0.084 inch in diameter, and College, London. - The greatest length of Lake Huron is 250 miles; its greatagain covercl with tape and 20 liemp cords, each of the steel wires being covered est breadth, 190 miles; mean depth, 800 feet; elevation, 578 seet; area, 21,000 with tape and preservative compound. The steel wire has a breaking strain of 84

- The inhabitants of the city of Ravensburg, in Würtemberg, have tons to the square inch. By adding the hemp cords, the tensile strength is in protested against the telephone lately introduced there, on the ground of its attractcreased, and the specific gravity reduced so as to enable the cable to be laid in ing lightning, and so proving a source of danger to the city. A genius has very deep water. The total breaking strain of this cable is about 6 tons, and it invented an electric fool-guard, the design of which is to prevent any more humanwill bear about 10 miles of its own length in water.-Manufacturers' Gazette. jumping from the Brooklyn Bridge. It consists of a number of electric wires SPIDER SILK.—The female spider is fiercer and larger than the male. In one

charged with power sufficient to return the fool" on his back the moment he tribe of spiders the fc male is 1,300 times larger than the male. The spider's thread

attempts to jump.--A mirage was witnessed at 7 a. m. Thursday, August 12, in is composed of innumerable small threr Is or fibres. One of these smallthreads has Ronclout, which presented a rural landscape. In the foreground cattle were seen been estim ied to be one two-millionth of the thickness of a hair. A scientific lazily chewing their fodder, while close by were the farmer's house, barn, and experimenter once drew out from the body of a single spider 3,480 yards of thiread

other outbuildings. In the background was the pictune of a pretty rural scene. or spider silk—a length a little short of three miles. Silk may be woven of spider's

- The success attained by the experiment made by the Canadian government in thread, and it is more glossy and brilliant than that of the silk-worm, being of a

lighting the Lachine Canal by electricity will probably result in the United States golden color. An enthusiastic entomologist secured enough of it for the weaving

Government placing a series of electric lamps along the St. Mary's river, enabling of a suit of clothes for Louis XIV.-Electrical Revicw.

vessels trading to Lake Superior to move at night.
Notes. —President Purroy, of the New York Fire Department, has exhibited
a portable electric hand lantern, for use in burning buildings in which the smoke
is so dense that an ori acy ligh: will not burn. It is the invention of a laris elec-

trician, and is said to in similar to :ise used in the fire department of that city.
It consists of a six cell battery and a seven candle-power incandescent lamp. The
lantern is to be tested by the New York firemel. Science will be represented

NUMBER OF BREWERIES IN THE WORLD AND THE PRODUCTS OF EACH NAin the new English Parliament by Sir John Lubbock, Sir Henry Roscoe, Mr.

TION.—The number of breweries in Great Britain in 1880 was 26,114; in GerNevil Story Maskelyne, and Sir John Playfair. Deprez has proved that at least


many, 23,940 ; in the United States, 3,293, in France, 3,100; in Belgium, 2,500 50 horse-power may be transmitted round a circular line of 70 miles.

in Austria Hungary, 2,297; in Holland, 560; in Russia, 460'; in Norway and in fourth annual report of the U. S. Entomological Commission has appeared. It

Switzerland, 400 each; in Denmark and Sweden, 240 eacả. The quantity of deals chiefly with the cotton-worm, with a chapter on the boll-worm, the two most

beer produced in Great Britain was about 49,000,000 hectoliter (the hectoliter is injurious pests of the South. -The Prince of Monaco, with Prof. Pouchet, is pur

equal to about twenty-two gallons); in Germany, about 37,000,000; in the United suing a series of observations on the Gulf Stream; also contemplates decp sea and

States, 14,000,000 ; in Austria-Hungary, 11,000,000; in Belgium, 8,000,000; in surface zoological collecting. -The Neurological Review, a. new publication, is to be devoicd to medical and psychological science. - The Ophthamnological

France, 7,000,000; in Russia, 3,000,000; in' Holland, 2,000,000, ctc. Russia has

the largest breweries, and there is an average production of 6,950 hectoliters Society of Heidelberg has awarded Prof. Helmholtz a gold medal and the sum of

in each, Denmark being credited in this respect with 6,250 hectoliters to $50 yearly as the greatest benefiter of science. -At the last meeting of the

each brewery ; Austria Hungary, 4,770; the United States, 4,182'; France, 2,355; French Academy of Sciences, some photographs were presented which were taken

Great Britain, 1,900 ; Germany, 1,550. Norway has the smallest breweries, with at great heights by MM. Tessandier and Nadar. On one occasion they operated

an average of 1,300 hectoliters.-- Anti-Idulteration Gasette. when their balloon had reached a height of 800 metres, or about half an English mile; another time the height was 1,150 meters. The district over which they Dry SEASONS.—The following record will be read with interest : In the summer sailed extended from Paris to Mans. The views of Versailles, Sévres, and some of 1621, in succession, without rain, 24 days ; in 1630, 41 days; in 1657, 75 days; other towns were on an exceedingly small scale, but could be recognized. A

in 1662, 30 days ; in 1674, 45 days; in 1680, 81 days; in 1694, 62 days; in 1705, boring at the village of Schladebach, Prussia, near the line between Leipzig and 40 days ; in 1715, 45 days; in 1728,61 days; in 1730, 92 days; in 1741, 72 days; Corbetha, is claimed to be the deepest hole in the world. It has been made by in 1749, 108 days; in 1755, 42 days ; in 1962, 123 days; in 1773, 80 days; in the Prussian government to test the presence of coal, and was bored with diamond

1791, 82 days; in 1802, 23 days; in 1812, 28 days; in 1856, 24 days; in 1871

square miles.

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42 days; in 1875, 27 days; in 1885, 20 days. It will be seen that the longest amount of mischief that the shaking of mats may have caused ? How many drought that ever occurred in America was in the summer of 1762. No rain fell young girls early in the morning on their way to business have, so to speak, refrom the 1st of May to the ist of September, making !23 days without rain. ceived their death-blow while inspiring, all unconscious of harm, some of the Many of the inhabitants sent to England for hay and grain. -Anti-Adulteration clouds of dust that always greet them? Who can tell? The abatement of this Gazette.

danger and nuisance is a difficulty that almost seems insurmountable. Much may THE POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES.-—- By the excess of births over the be done by personal habits of prevention.--Lancet. deaths the population of the United States is annually increased by 2 per cent., ac Notes.- Professor Bouchard has been elected a member of the Académie de cording to the most careful computation. In accordance with this the number of in Medicine. -The Michigan State Medical Society has donated $500 to the Interhabitants can be ascertained with tolerable accuracy, although a general census is national Medical Congress. - Neuro-rheuma is the name Dr. W. Hall White taken only every ten years. To the figures obtained by the census, 2 per cent. wishes to be applied to nervous energy. It means that which flows along a nerve. annually, including the number of immigrants in the course of the given year, is It is now proved that epilepsy may be caused by decayed teeth and cured by to be added. This estimate indicates that, at this moment, the population of the extracting them. -The oil of eucalyptus, in doses of ten drops four times daily, United States has already exceeded the sum of 60,000,000. The amount exactly is found to be efficient in some cases of malarial disease. -A writer in the MIcdi. computed reached, on the ist of July of the current year, the sum total of 60,025, cal Record objects 10 physicians dividing their patients into the upper, the middle, 000, and the probability is that these figures fall somewhat below the reality, in and the lower class of patients as sounding too monarchical. Professor Marmaasmuch as the immigrant report, it is well known, is never entirely complete. At seiu recommends the watermelon as a cheap, but effective, substitute for grapes in the time of the last census, made July 1, 1880, our population amounted to 50, the treatment of chronic congestion of the liver, intestinal catarrh, and other simi155,783, so that for the six years which have since elapsed an increase of nearly lar affections. -The Albama Medical and Surgical Journal is authority for the 10,000,000 is to be noted. There are only three countries whose population ex. statement that a saturated solution of nitric acid and muriate of cocaine makes a ceeds that of the United States numerically, namely, Russia, British India, and painless cautery. -Mrs. Leland Stanford has purchased a piece of land on WashChina. All the rest fall far behind the United States in the number of their in

ington avenue, Albany, adjoining the site of the old Lathrop mansion, and, it is habitants. Germany has nearly 15,000,000 less; France, Austria, Great Britain, stated, will erect on it a handsome and well-appointed hospital for old men and and Japan have over 20,000,000 less, and among the remaining states there is not women, as a memorial of her parents. -“ Scarpalogy” is the latest science which one that could exhibit even half as many as this country.- Translated for Public has come to rival palmistry, and is the art of reading a man's character by the shoes Opinion from the Cincinnati Volksblatt, August 16.

he wears and the way he wears them. -We learn from Progrès Médicalé that a subscription was opened at Copenhagen, last year, for the purpose of erecting a

monument to the memory of the distinguished president, Professor Panum, of the RAILROADS.

last International Medical Congress. -It is announced that a new monthly journal, bearing the title of the Pacific Record of Medicine and Pharmacy, printed partly

in Spanish, will be published in San Francisco. —The number of deaths from THE RAILROAD SYSTEM IN THE UNITED STATEs. - Poor's Manual for 1886 yellow-sever in Rio de Janeiro, for the fifteen years preceding the last, was 15,338. which has just appeared, affords an interesting survey of the progress of the rail

The fever first appeared in 1849, and has been continuous since, though much way system of the United States. The figures therein cited present, it is true, no

more severe at times. In 1850 the number of deaths of cases treated in the hosvery gratifying result, for although the mileage of road is augmented in no incon

pitals was twenty-six per cent., in 1870 seventeen per cent., and in 188 3 thirty per siderable degree, the increase falls below that of late years—say of 1884, cven.

A study of ten thousand physicians' prescriptions has recently been made Whilst in the year 1882 11,599 miles of new road, 6,818 in 1883 and 3,974 in 1884 by the editor of the Chemist and Druggist. Spirits of chloroform, glycerine, and were built, in 1885 these figures dropped as low as 3,131, a fall of fully 20 per

sirup or orange-peel, are the most frequently prescribed; then come bromide of In the New England States the decrease is most perceptible. In Maine, potash, wine of ipecac, sulphate of quinine, bicarbonate of soda, liquor ammonize New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Connecticut not a single mile of new lines of acetatis, bicarbonate of potash, and sweet spirits of nitre. railway has been laid. New York, since the completion of the West Shore road, has accomplished nothing worthy of nole in the construction of railroads; and in Pennsylvania, even, a manifest decrease is observable, due, in some degree, perhaps, to ill-experiences in parallel roads, which became the tools of expensive jobberies on “change;" whilst, on the other hand, the freight traffic sustained a considerable damage in consequence of the laying of numerous oil-pipes. The

TUIE BUSINESS OUTLOOK.—The indications of the past week point to more gen. construction of railroads in South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, and Kentucky has

eral activity of business and trade than the country lias experienced for some time. increased, as compared with the previous year, whilst it has decreased cor

The advance during the week in the rates of discount is one of the surest signs respondingly in all the other Southern States, especially in Virginia, Mississippi; dise, the moving of the crops, and for investments generally: Admit, as many

that money is wanted for commercial transactions—for the purchase of merchanand North Carolina. In the Western States a slight increase is to be noted in Illinois, Indiana, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, and Texas, whilst a decrease is

claim, that the rapid rise in the rates of discount in New York was lue to the manifest in Iowa. The Territories occupy the lowest grade. In Montana, Wy manipulations of speculators, yet it can not be possible that there has been no unoming, and the Indian Territory not a mile of road has been built. In Dakota uis

usual deniand for money for legitimate business purposes when the rates of dismiles were laid only, against 263 during the previous year. The Pacific States,

count have so generally advanced, and when the banks have been called upon so with the exception of California, show a similar retrogression. In the State last generally for larger loans. Money is wanted because, for nearly the first time in named the number of miles of road increased from 41.70 in 1884 to 149.55 in 1885,

three years, there appears to be sufficient confidence in the business community to whilst New Mexico appears with 3.30, Idaho with 5, and Utah with

4 miles.


make investments in the staples of the country. During the past two or three vada, Washington Territory, and Arizona remain entirely without increase of lines

weeks there has been an unusual demand for money for the purpose of moving of road. For the industrial development of this section of country this offers

the crops. This was not the case last year, or the year before, because no one no very encouraging prospect. Despite the fact that there is a great deal of

had sufficient contidence to go into the market. The hardening of the money capital in the market seeking investment, capitalists are afraid to lay out their

market and the increased demand for money may be regarded as the surest money in industrial enterprises and channels of trade. There must exist, conse

indication that business is picking up very generally. The reports from the quently, a well grounded mistrust with respect to a profitable development of this

trade centers may be regarded as generally favorable. The shipment of dry region of country.- Translated for Public Opinion from New York Staats-Zei

goods to the West has been larger than it has for years at this season of the tung, August 14.

year. This statement is based upon the reports of over twenty distributing centers. At the same time stocks of merchandise in the interior are reported to be of mod. erate volume. Clearing-house transactions are not by any means an accurate

measure of current business, but even these are favorable, the total clearings in MEDICAL.

twenty-nine cities the past week being $868,004,556 against $849,199,465 the week previous, and against $728,927,045 the second week in August, 1885. The

tendency of prices, as a rule, is upward. This is the case in the Eastern markets, THE DANGERS OF DUST.—Darkness, damp, and clust are potent agencies of dis where the demand is reported to be good. Wool shows signs of weakening after ease. Everybody recognizes this; but how many fail to adopt its precepts! If a steady advance for two months. In regard to the crops, the reports, while not there le sermons in stones, surely the summer dust and its dangers would prove a

so very promising as they were early in the season, are of an encouraging char. fruitful subject for medical discourse. There is as great a difference between

The reports concerning the damage to the spring wheat by drouth have London and country dust as there is between the corresponding muds. Pulver proved to be greatly exaggerated. The fact that a crop of 435,000,000 bushels is ized matter would be harmless enough if it were «leprived of its physical property generally admitted by those who make estimates shows that there is a good wheat of ready diffusion. The atmosphere is laden and swarms with particulate matter crop in spite of reports to the contrary. It is now admitted that the corn crop will of highly complex nature. Its chief peril to living beings resides in the organic not be equal to that of last year, which was the largest ever harvested. The constituents. Largely this organic material consists of minute forms of life in a drouth has injured it to some extent, but not to the extent which the reports of the state of latency, only waiting for a spell of heat and moisture and a favorable past few weeks would indicalc. The report of the Agricultural Department, col. amount of liglií, or it may be darkness, lo awaken it into activity. The habits of lected to August 1, shows that the average condition of corn this year at that date individuals in every class of society, including the “ masses,” are not calculated to

was So.7 against 96 a year ago, which, according to the estimate of the departdiminish, but rather to augment, the amount of organic matter in our atmosphere. ment, indicates a crop of a little over 22 bushels per acre, which, with an estimated Mucus, saliva, and humor, popularly known as “ matter," must be discharged from

acreage of 75,681,000 acres, would give a crop not much in excess” of 1,665,the mouth and nostrils to the exteni of many gallons daily, and not a little of this

000,000 bushels. The crop of 1885 was 1,936,000,000 bushels. The cotton crop comes from insective sources; while we venture to think that the bulk of it min. will be an average one.

The week's failures, as reported by Bradstreet's, were gles with the dust of our streets and courts. Il, as seeins not unlikely, consump 132 against 124 the week previous, and 100 during the corresponding week of tion is largely caused by "germs,” then a very ready theory may be advocated

1885, and 237 in 1884--ligures which show that the period of the greatest business concerning the mode in which the contagium is caughl. Who can estimate the disaster las passed. To put it in the scwest words, ii inay be said that the situa.


tion is most favorable, not for a business boom, but for a season of large trade the English rivalry to the home producers, says it is a competition involving life or which will afford reasonable profits. Boston Journal, August 16.

death, and appeals to German railway companies to not accept English tenders for

metal to the prejudice of the German industry. - Five thousand chain-makers ENGLISH CORPORATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES.-The United States consul

throughout Staffordshire have struck for a 10 per cent increase in wages. The at Dundee, Scotland, recently made a report on the English corporations doing

Hungarian town of Sillein has been destroyed by fire. The property burned inbusiness in the United States. He states that there are now 42 trust, investment,

cludes 400 houses, a church, a nunnery, and a school. The loss is $250,000.and mortgage companies engaged in business here, with a paid-up capital of £7,

The eccentricities of trade between the United States and South America are illus335,319, and an authorized capital of £21,223,456; 23 cattle and land compa

trated by a Valparaiso letter (July 1) in the San Francisco Bulletin, saying that “an nics, with a paid-up capital of 63,543,603, and an authorized capital of £9,316, amalgamating machine

was shipped from Chicago to New York, thence to Ger550, and 17 mining companies, with paid-up capital of £4,670,335, and authorized

many, and thence to Coquimbo, Chili, all to save time and money.”. -The Canadian capital, 44,796,321. This makes a total of 82 English corporations doing business in the United States, their total paid-up capital being £15,549,257. It is said that

government has issued orders forbidding American vessels from entering the Bay

of Chaleur on pain of instant seizure, and has stationed the cruisers Critic and the cattle companies own 2,016,883 acres of land in fee simple, and have under

Lindsay at the entrance of the bay, while the flagshig Lansdowne plies in the lease 1,455,796 acres, at an average rental of $4.94. They own 672,013 head of

neighboring waters. Besides these the cruiser Conrad has been placed on guard cattle, and their dividends last year averaged 4 3-11 per cent. Other companies,

at the mouth of the Miramichi river, the Houlett is stationed at Cascumpec, Prince so far as known, hold 9,955,559 in fee simple. The Stockholder.

Edward Island, and the Terror is doing duty at Shelburne. The General MiddleNotes.-Dr. Abraham T. Lowe, who for nearly a quarter of a century has been ton is in the neighborhood of Grand Manan and St. Andrews.The Denver connected with the First National Bank of Boston, and for more than twenty years chamber of commerce denounces as unqualifiedly false recent reports from special its president, attained his ninetieth birthday yesterday, the 15th inst. His long correspondents which have caused a widespread impression that the grain fields and life has been one of great activity and in many respects remarkable.- -Strawber cattle ranges of Colorado have been devastated by drouth, and that herds of cattle ries are unknown in Brazil.. - The number of cigars consumed in the United have been driven from the State.--Chicago tugmen are reported by the Tribune States increased last year 151,925,855, making a total consumption of 3,510,372,539, of that city to be “ making barrels of money out of the towing business this seaor 59.2 per capita. -A train of thirteen cars, containing the second load of tea


The work of enlarging the new Welland Canal is being rapidly pushed. direct froin Yokohama, arrived at Winnipeg, August 5.-The largest barn in the _A German bank will be founded in Berlin as a private institution, under imworld is probably that of the Union Cattle Company of Cheyenne, near Omaha. perial superintendence, by the German East African Company, which has failed to It covers five acres, cost $125,000, and accommodates 3,750 head of cattle. raise money with which to establish a plantation and introduce farming in Africa. According to recent estimates there are 280,000 cocoanut trees in the world. The capital of the bank will be $2,500,000. -Extensive coal fields have been They produce about 10,000,000,000 nuts every year.

-An Iowa cattle grower discovered in the vicinity of Dulcigno, Albania. The coal is of the best quality has dehorned 125 cattle with no bad results, and regards it as a great economy. and easily accessible. It is proposed to hold an international exhibition ar BarIle thinks that horns do $1,000,000 damage annually in Iowa alone. The celona in 1887. The Epoca says there is reason to believe that all the countries of latest hobby of Mr. Alfred de Cordova, the well-known broker, is that of carrier Europe and North and South America will be represented. —Conrad Khors, a pigeons. He is at present enjoying a fortune made on the street” and is leading ranchman from Montana, has had an interview with the Canadian government rea luxurious lise at his country seat “ Chetolah,” near Somerville, N. J. He has specting the 20 per cent. import duty about to be imposed upon live cattle. He instituted a half-hourly dispatch by carrier pigeons between his office on Broad urges that this action will virtually prohibit the importation of cattle from the United street and Chetolah. The arrival of each bird is signaled by an electric bell in States for stocking the Northwest grazing lands. A cablegram, signed Ferdihis house, which is connected with the pretty and well-organized pigeon house. nand de Lesseps, was received at Panama from Paris, slating that 200,000,000 of Mr. Thos. A. Edison is reported to have gone into the shirt-making business. francs had been subscribed toward the canal loan, and the following day a press

You newspaper people,” said Mr. Edison, in a recent interview, “think that I cablegram was received, saying that the amount had reached 450,000 of the 500,always must have just completed some wonderful invention which I ought to tell 000 bonds. you about. Why don't you devour each other's fiction ? An American correspondent wrote to a Berlin paper recently a tremendous story about my having invented a wonderful shirt of gelantine, made transparent by electrical treatment. The shirt was supposed to be built in layers of almost inconceivable thinness.

DRAMA. Each layer was white and adhesive, and could be taken off when soiled; and, as there were just 365 layers, and it was calculated that each sheet would last a day, a gelatine garment would last a year. Well, this marvelous tale went the rounds JOURNALISTS AND ACTORS.—How strange it is that this should be the golden of the European press, and at last it was reprinted in Brazil. The gullibility of the age for actors and the iron one for journalists. An actor is raised from obscurity South American may be appreciated when it is known that, soon after the shirt to eminence in one night by a performance in which he happens to be excellent story met their eyes, the Brazilians sent me drafts and checks for shirts. One We say “ happens,” for the part may be one for which he is particularly well fitted idiotic diamond dealer," added Mr. Edison, mirthfully, “sent me a drast for £100 by nature, and he may have been “coached” for it by the star whom he was supon the Bank of England. He wrote that he didn't know how much the shirts porting, We have known one of the worst actors on the stage to be excellent in were, but he did not think they ought to cost over a hundred pounds apiece.” one part. We have seen the role of Mr. Dombey surprisingly well performed by The following little episode is reported by the local Dispatch: An old darkey, an actor who was so bad in every other role that it is a wonder that he could make speaking to a younger “ward of the nation” about electric street cars yesterday, his living on the stage. Mr. Mantell never made any success worth commendation said : " Huh, boy, you see how these white folks dun took away dem mules job from until he appeared as Loris in “ Fedora." For this part he seems to be naturally 'em? Well, dat's de way dey is gwine to do de poor darkey. Fust thing you suited. Moreover, he had the advantage of being instructed by Miss Davenport, know dey'll hab a plow what'll run rite along widout any nigger; and ef dey don't who knew the requirements of the role better than he did. The accidental success do dat dey'll get some kinder seed what'll grow widout any cultivation. Dese thus achieved by Mr. Mantell so pleased Mr. Daniel Frohman that he produced white folks is powersul smart, dey is.” A new concrete now being used quite the actor the ensuing season as a semi-star, playing him in “Called Back” all over extensively in France is composed of eight parts sand, gravel, and pebbles, one the United States. The enterprise was a failure. Mr. Mantell did not play the part powdered cinders, and one and a half parts unslaked hydraulic lime. These part well, though a good many people thought they liked him in it. But it was materials are thoroughly beaten together, the mixture forming a concrete which not the acting of Mr. Mantell they liked, but the personality of the man, which is sets almost immediately, and becomes in a few days extremely hard and solid. very pleasing. It had been the intention of the Madison Square management to The Revolutionary War cost the United States $6,000,000; the war of 1812, bring him out in a gorgeous “realistic” revival of The Lady of Lyons,” but $115,000,000; Mexican war, $135,000,000, and the war of the rebellion, $6,189, that proposal fell through, and no one can say that it is not fortunate for the 920,908.—As Congress has made no appropriation to pay the salaries of the

management that it did. superintendent of Yellowstone Park and his assistant, Superintendent Wier says Now, a journalist showing just as much ability in his profession as Mr. Mantell that he will immediately resign.—John H. Venable, chief engineer of the water does in his would find it impossible to make any reputation thereby. The imper works, has been arrested at Ottawa in connection with alleged frauds on the city sonality which creeps into journalism to such a vast extent in this country prevents government.

A great sensation has been caused at Havana by the discovery of a journalist from making any reputation for himself, unless he becomes the proå deficit of about $1,500,000 in the funds in charge of the public debt board. prietor of a paper. We are speaking now of what is the rule; of course, there are The governor-general is doing his utmost to discover the guilty persons. exceptions. " As a rule, all individual talent is swallowed up in the journal

. The The new steamer La Bretagne, built at the St. Nazaire ship yards of the General name of the proprietor hides all other names. Nay, the proprietor is sometimes so Transatlantic Company, has made her trial trip, attaining a speed of 18.05 knots jealous that he begrudges any reputation made by an employe, even in a field that per hour.-Reports have reached us of the discovery of a rich oil belt five miles is purely literary, and entirely outside the sphere of journalism. There are some from Livermore, Cal. Competent authorities pronounce the surface indications the proprietors worth millions who take every means to prevent their employes from finest ever discovered in this country. A company will be formed immediately to acquiring a reputation for themselves, no matter what their talent or opportunities develop the field.-Much ill-feeling is manisested in San Francisco at the order

There are some newspapers again, like the IVorld and the Tribune, of the Treasury Department to stamp the word “light” on every gold coin pre that seem to be proud of their editors and contributors, and seize every opporsented at the sub-treasury found to be one-half of i per cent. below the standard tunity to thrust them forward. Joe Howard and Nym Crinkle have thus become weight. Coins so stamped will have to be sold as bullion, thus entailing serious known all over the country. Seven years ago the Tribune published an editorial loss on the holder. Coins even slightly worn will no longer pass current. The in which it claimed that Mr. Winter was the best living dramatic critic in the measure is viewed as particularly vexatious to the people of the coast, gold being world, and that it was proud to possess him, or words to that effect. The Times, the chief circulating medium and paper money not being used.– -England has too, has behaved with great liberality to some of its writers, and has enabled them proclaimed a protectorate over the Ellice Islands, in the South Pacific Ocean. to gain reputations which else might have been struggled after in vain. But, as a The Australian Government has fixed the import duty on woolen goods at 20 per rule, journalists find it impossible to become known except in an exterior fashion, cent. ad valorem. -The triennial conference of German mine owners will meet as, for instance, to members of their profession, to a few publishing houses, theatri on September 1 and last until the 5th. The meeting will be of unusual importance, cal managers, actors, authors, politicians, and so forth, and to none besides. in view of the crisis in the iron trade. The journal Stahl und Eisen, discussing Actors are entertained by princes, and have their movements chronicled every

may be.

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