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clearly seen in history, where the same chain of cause and effect eternally repeats gage in occupations outside the household is smaller in the United States than in itself. And the taint will spread if we do not take speedy means to avert such foreign countries, but in no country is the proportionate number engaged in supea calamity. All around us are the evidences of England's degeneracy. There is rior industrial occupations equal to that in this country. Of the 2,647,000 women none worse than the spirit of melancholy, the diluted Wertherism which peryades in work without shelter, 595,630 of them are engaged in agriculture, most of them our upper classes, especially the younger generation. It is the fashion to be un. colored women in the Southern States; 632,000 of them are in manufactories, of happy, and good spirits are looked upon, if not as a sign of inferiority, at least with whom about one-half are in New York, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania; 282,contempt. But good spirits and the sense of humor, which our age is losing, are 000 are milliners, etc., and 52,000 are tailors. Of the forty-four occupations re. the unfailing signs of the soundness and greatness of a nation, and no country has corded as “ personal service,” forty find women in them. The 525 female surgeons enjoyed its best period without thein. The vague passion for an indefinite object, and physicians in 1870 have increased to 2,474; the 7 lawyers to 75; the 65 clergythe sickly moaning for that comfortable vagueness, the Infinite, without which no men to 165; the number of laundries from 61,000 in 1870 to 122,000, and 108,cultured person is nowadays called complete, are tokens, but too clear, of the 000 of these are kept by women.- New Orleans Picayune. morbid disease that is devouring us. There is no surer sign of a country's condition than its literature, and no surer proof of our decadence than our books. Our glorious exceptions—the Brownings and Tennysons, our George Eliots and Darwins-only prove the rule. Not only does the evil show itself in its particular

SCIENTIFIC. form of feeling sorrow for itself-cause unknown--but also in the narrow materialism inevitably springing from a huge and self-centered culture, which, for want of circulation, can not but grow unwholesome; in such froth as the half of our draw Professor HUXLEY ON THE GROWTH OF SCIENCE.-It has become impossible ing-room science and five-o'clock-tea philosophy-stuff careless of its readers' wel for any man to keep pace with the progress of the whole of any important branch fare and only mindful of personal effect; or in such poetry, much as we admire of science. This was not the case in my young days. A diligent reader might his powers, as that of Mr. Swinburne and his many imitators, in which the per then keep fairly informed of all that was going on, without robbing himself of ception and worship of beautiful form is cultivated so passionately that spirit and leisure for original work, and without demoralizing his faculties by the accumulasense are forgotten, and we lose ourselves in an exquisite music of words that leave tion of unassimilated information. It looks as if the scientific, like other revolubehind them no strength for sorrow, no love of our kind, no hint of unselfish tions, meant to devour its own children; as if the growth of science tended to thought, no truth of any deception-only consuming passion, self-absorbed, which overwhelm its votaries; as if the man of science of the future were condemned to burns itself away. Again, if we look at our novels, we find almost every one de. diminish into a narrower and narrower specialist as time goes on. Of late years pendent upon a morbid self-analysis and a self-conscious examination of our every it has struck me, with constantly increasing force, that those who have toiled for action and its motives; if we look at our drama, we find it dying a lingering death the advancement of science are in a fair way of being overwhelmed by the realizafrom the same cause; everywhere only the thought of individual perfection for its tion of their wishes. We are in the case of Tarpeia, who opened the gates of the own sake, not for others, and a perpetual introspection destructive to any action, Roman citadel to the Sabines, and was.crushed under the weight of the reward any spontaneity, and therefore to any unselfishness or any greatness. But there is bestowed. I am happy to say that I do not think any such catastrophe a necessary yet time-time to convert the source of our weakness into a rock of defense. To consequence of the growth of science, but I do think it is a tendency to be feared, effect this, let us use a spiritual homeopathy and face culture with culture, so that and an evil to be most carefully provided against. The man who works away at one fresh blood may flow througlí the veins of the state, and the search after higher corner of nature, shutting his eyes to all the rest, diminishes his chances of seeing things restore its health; whilst those who have enough of it, and to spare, may what is to be seen in that corner; for, as I need hardly remind my readers, that rise their better-trained vision to see where the wrong lies and where its remedy which the investigator perceives depends much more on that which lies behind his may train their strength to prompt action for their weaker brothers.--Eastward sense-organs than on the object in front of them. Ho!

It appears to me that the only defense against this tendency to the degeneration

of scientific workers lies in the organization and extension of scientific education Why Men DON'T MARRY.—The silly season is sufficiently advanced to have matured for discussion the topic of matrimony, and a number of our contemporaries

in such a manner as to secure breadth of culture without superficiality, and, on the

other hand, depth and precision of knowledge without narrowness, I think it is have accordingly taken up the question, “Why men don't marry,” though the conun.

quite possible to meet these requirements. There is no reason, in the nature of drum, “ Why men do marry,” would seem, in view of the proportion of benedicts

things, why the student who is destined for a scientific career should not, in the to bachelors, to be the one most requiring a solution. The reasons assigned by editors and correspondents for the alleged aversion of young men, or men of any age,

first place, go through a course of instruction such as would insure him a real, that nowadays, to the married state are extremely various. An unmarried female cor

is to say, a practical acquaintance with the elements of each of the great divisions

of mathematical and physical science; nor why this instruction in what (if I may respondent of thirty-five summers, who expresses a desire that “a marrying crusade should be gotten up," attributes her missing several chances for happiness to the

borrow a phrase from medicine) I may call the institutes of science should not be fact that “the young men thought they would incur in marrying unbearable

followed up by more special instruction, covering the whole field of that particular legal responsibilities and expenses that would take away all their pocket

division in which the student eventually proposes to become a specialist

. I say

not only that there is no reason why this should not be done, but, on the ground of money.” The legal terrors, she thinks, have been maliciously exaggerated and misrepresented, and she, therefore, begs the editor, in the interest

practical experience, I venture to add that there is no difficulty in doing it.-- From

an Address of Prof. T. H, Iíuxley, published in the Popular Science Monthly. of a boom in the market, to “tell just what the legal points about marriage, divorce, alimony, dower, &c., are." The positive information derived from IS THE AIR-SHIP PROBLEM SOLVen?_The morning papers of a recent date bachelor correspondents rather confirms the would-be crusader's conjecture. The contained the announcement that a new Aying-ship, the Torpilleur, had started unequal financial burden placed upon the man by the laws and social customs of from Cherbourg, bound for London, at eleven o'clock at night. The afternoon this country is the gist of nearly all their letters. One's sense of natural justice, it papers of the same day announced the safe arrival of the Torpilleur at London at is alleged, is offended by the exactions of the married state. • The dower right,” six o'clock in the morning. This is the first time that an ærial ship has ever started says one, “is a piece of sentimental fraud; the right of alimony is another curse to go to some definite point and succeeded in reaching there. of the marriage relation ; the law gives a wife too much power to entangle her hus The distance from London to Cherbourg in an air line is about one hundred band's affairs.” The curmudgeon naturally goes to the length of enunciating the and forty-five miles. The transit occupied seven hours. This is about twenty-five principle that “finance and marriage laws should be as separate as church and miles per hour-considerably less than railroad speed, but up to the best ocean

Another correspondent who boasts an income of $800 asks incredulously steamer speed. If the principle of this flying-ship may be considered as shown to how the average woman, whom he describes as “a toy to set in a doll house, be practicable by this experimental voyage, there can be no doubt that the air-ships could help him along. “She would be a drag,” he asserts, ungallantly, “and the will be rapidly improved in speed and manageableness. laws would chain me down so that I would be at her mercy. If we arreled and It must be borne in mind that the Torpilleur is not a balloon. A balloon is separated I would be compelled to support her in idleness.” This writer is full of helpless. It simply drifts with the currents of air, and goes where they carry it suggestions.

“ Married life," he says, “is a plain, barnyard sort of state ; let It has no power to increase or diminish its speed, and no power to sleer women, therefore, learn how to wash, cook, stw, and beat carpets, and let the itself. But the flying-ship, to be worthy of the name, must not only be able dower and alimony laws be modified or abolished. It rests with the law-makers to steer, but to go against the wind if so desired. In other words, it must and women to lessen the noble army of single men.” The expensiveness of femi fly as a bird flies, maintaining itself in the air not by lightness, but by its own pronine dress, habits, and fancies is the text of many complaints. The bachelor's pulsive force. It must be driven up in the air by some motive power, such as outgo, it is alleged, is not halved, but trebled or quadrupled “on assuming the con steam or electricity, and can never be allowed to float as a balloon does for whatjugal noose.” Careers, it is claimed, are spoiled by premature marriage, and one ever floats, drifts. Now, this Torpilleur has “a patented steering and propelling writer has the hardihood to affirm it to be “a matter of fact that the greatest men apparatus," and its first voyage of any magnitude has been a success. who have lived were childless and wiseless men.". This is explained by the dis Men have been working for fifty years on flying ships, and the various inventors tractions of housekeeping and “the infinite task of laboring to satisfy wives brought have always claimed that the thing is practicable and safe. They claim that the up with the idea that economy is meanness." The disposition to convert homes ærial ships can avoid storms by rising above the storm. into costly museums of old china, bric-a-brac, useless furniture, unappreciated If it be true that this problem is at last solved, the importance of the new ship books, &c., instead of studying to simplify and minimize the requirements of daily for military and naval purposes will be very great. The strongest iron-clads would living, is another vice charged upon the modern woman, “She makes nothing and be helpless against an attack by these flying-ships carrying dynamite bombs, and wants everything,” one complainant puts it. “ Living costs too much," says an letting

them fall on the enemy. No fortress, no massing of troops, could withstand other, summing up a thousand objections in one. It may be observed, however, them. The only thing to meet their attack would be other Aging-ships. Tennyregard to much of this fault-finding, that it proceeds upon a narrow view of life and son foresaw this when, in " Locksley Hall,” he said : “ There rained a ghastly dew its objects. A pretty effective reply to it all is the contribution made to the discus from the nation's airy navies grappling in the central blue."--Baltimore American, sion by a young lady who says: “One has only to look around him to see that the married men are the most regular, temperate, law-abiding, and prosperous. Bal

OpportunitieS FOR INVENTORS.-Friction in machinery caused the destruction timore Sun,

of $1,000,000 worth of property in the United States last year,

of lubrication which will do away with inflammable oils. WOMEN IN INDUSTRIAL OCCUPATIONS.—The proportion of women who en Matches carelessly handled burned over $500,000 worth of property in the

state.”

Wanted, a method

FINANCE AND COMMERCE.

United States last year. Wanted, a substitute for matches, or a safety match that During the process of manufacture the paper is drawn through melted asphalt. is as good as its name.

After completion, the pipes will resist an inside pressure of two thousand pounds. Defective flues burned about $2,750,000 of property. Wanted, a flue that can -According to Wright, many of the finer grades of transparent soap sold in not be defectively constructed.

England do not contain glycerine, as advertised, but sugar. Sugar seems just as Defective heating apparatus burned nearly $500,000 worth of property. Wanted, well adapted to making transparent soaps as glycerine. LA 9,000-pound mass of heating apparatus that can not prove defective.

tin ore was recently exhibited at a smelting works in New York. It was taken Electric wires and lights, a source of increasing danger, burned over $250,000 out of a twenty-nine-foot vein in the well-known Etta tin mine in the Black Hills. worth of property. Wanted, a system of insulation that can not prove faulty. The specimen will be sent to London for the benefit of those British tin-mine

Explosions of kerosene lamps burned over $1,500,000 worth of property. owners who have so complacently watched oar heretofore unsuccessful search for Wanted, lamps and lanterns that can not explode.

the metal.- -An English physician, Dr. Sylvester, has proposed a singular way Lightning burned $1,250,000 worth of property. Wanted, a persect light of preventing death by drowning as, for example, in case of a shipwreck. He sugning rod.

gests inflation, by means of a hypodermic opening in the neck or back of the cellular Sparks from locomotives and other sources burned $2,000,000 worth of property. tissue, with a certain quantity of air; the emphysema or air tumor thus produced Wanted, a spark arrester of genuine merit, or stoves and furnaces in which com will act as a lise-preserver. -Mr. Thomas A. Edison proposes to build a new laborabustion is more nearly perfect.

tory for himself at Llewellyn Park next year. Meantime he is working quietly at Gas jets burned $1,250,000 worth of property. Wanted, a device for prevent the Newark Edison shops. He says he is “simply trying to cheapen electric ing the contact of goods and curtains with open gas-burners.—Scientific American. lamps and the carbons." He is also studying earth currents and their availability Water Tests.—Test for Hard or Soft Water.Dissolve a small quantity of of his next visit to Florida.

for telegraphic purposes. He will give this subject great attention on the occasion good soap in alcohol. Let a few drops fall into a glass of water. If it turns milky, it is hard; if not, it is soft. Test for Earthy Malters or Akali.—Take litmus paper dipped in vinegar, and if, on immersion, the paper returns to its true shade, the water does not contain earthy matter or akali. If a few drops of sirup be added to a water containing an earthy matter, it will turn green. Test for Carbonic Acid.—Take equal parts of water and clear lime water. If combined or free carbonic acid is present, a precipitate is seen, to which, if a few drops of muriatic acid MONEY AND BUSINESS.—There is a perceptible pause in business, wliich may be added, an effervescence commences. Test for Magnesia.—Boil the water to a mean only that more people than usual have done well during the last year and twentieth part of its weight, and then drop a few grains of neutral carbonate of are enjoying a vacation. The shrinkage in exchange at New York, which fall ammonia into a glass of it, and a few drops of phosphate of soda. If magnesia be

about 9 per cent. below those of the corresponding week last year, is attributed to present, it will fall to the bottom. Tests for Iron.-1. Boil a little nut gall, and a decrease of about 50 per cent. in stock speculation, and the dealings in cotton add to the water. If is turns gray or slate, black iron is present. 2. Dissolve a

and oil are also smaller than they were last year, but the dealings in wheat and little prussiate of potash, and if iron is present it will turn blue. Test for Lime. corn are much larger. Outside New York the volume of business continues about Into a glass of the water put two drops of oxalic acid, and blow upon it; if it gets

25 per cent. larger than it was last year, measured by payments through banks, milky, lime is present. Test for Acid. Take a piece of litmus paper. If it turns but it is not possible at all times to determine how far the settlement of business red, there must be acid. If it precipitates on adding lime water, it is carbonic acid. transacted two, four, or six months ago swells exchanges, notwithstanding a deIf a blue sugar paper is turned red, it is a mineral acid.

cline in new business. There is evidently more uncertainty of feeling in regard THE KEELY MOTOR AGAIN.—In discussing the recent revival of interest in the

to the future than there was a month ago, although in nearly all directions the Keely motor, Building expressed its views as follows:

events which have occurred have tended to justify brighter anticipations. Perhaps Is there not just ground for calling an “invention" a fraud which has been in

the feeling of confidence then was decidedly greater than the facts warranted, and the stock market for over ten years, consuming $200,000 in the perfection of passing events, though in themselves favorable, have served to recall attention to small models, and no mechanical engineer of undoubted integrity and recognized

difficulties not yet fully overcome. standing in the profession having been permitted to carefully look into and re

The much-reported progress of the trunk lines toward a settlement, too, call port upon its workings?

attention to the fact that the Eastern and Western lines have not yet reached an The man who has really conceived some new great idea in physics and engi

understanding about the control of east-bound rates, and that rail traffic continues neering which promises successful, not to say revolutionary, applications in the

light, amounting from Chicago last week to only 20,000 tons. Good earnings are arts proceeds in far different lines from those pursued by Mr. Keely. Buncombe

reported by railways generally, but the projects to build more competing lines in is a poor substitute for science and originality of work. Our opinion, like that of

the Northwest are not encouraging. Purchases of securities on foreign account all the prominent mechanical engineers of the country, is that the Keely motor

continued last week, and the general average of prices for stocks rose about 90 is an unmitigated fraud, a good thing, perhaps, for the unscrupulous stock-jobber,

cents per share. but a pitfall for the unwary, innocent investor.

* Let Mr. Keely

While anxiety about the wheat crop has disappeared, there is some apprehenfirst court the sunshine of full investigation of his “invention” by recognized

sion that the yield of corn may prove disappointing on account of drouth, and the mechanical engineering experts of national reputation, and secure their approval

price rose 234 cents last week, while wheat scarcely advanced at all, and oats de. and endorsement. The verdict of spiritualistic, unskilled dreamers will not

clined half a cent, and oil about five eighths of a cent. Cotton fen to 972 cents, but recovered to 9.56, and lard, pork, and butter were stronger, lard reaching 7

Coffee was steady at 972, but sugar yielded to 4.69, while lead declined to A New OCEAN TELEGRAPH CIRCUIT.—At present, when telegraphic messages 4.80 and tin to 21.75. No change appears in the prices of coal or iron, though are sent from the United States to Brazil, they must first be cabled to Europe, and the victory of puddlers in Philadelphia likely to affect the future. On the whole, then sent from there to their destination. This is not only a very roundabout the markets for products are working more naturally than usual, and, except in method, but also very expensive, each word costing $2.06 for its transmission. A

grain, with less speculative excitement. new enterprise has just been organized in New York for the construction of a It is a healthy symptom that exports of merchandise last week exceeded by direct cable from this port to Venezuela and Brazil. It is called, in honor of the

about $7,000,000 those of the corresponding week last year, and about $2,400,000 Emperor, the Pedro Segundo American Telegraph and Cable Company, and starts for the month of July, while imports show an increase of only $2,200,000 for the out with a capital of $2,500,000. The imperial government of Brazil and republic month. Foreign exchange has been much affected by bills drawn on account of of Venezuela have both granted very favorable concessions to the new company. foreign purchases of securities, so that on all sides, if exports of merchandise are Its cable will be over four thousand miles long, and is being constructed in Eng not arrested again, the outlook is really more favorable than it was a year ago. land. It will probably be completed in a few weeks, and will be laid as soon as The silver danger appears greater, because the price has fallen heavily; a year ago the equinoctial storms are over.—Scientific American.

it was 49.190., so that more than an eighth of the value has been lost within the Notes.—The electrical subway commission has decided that the best plan for

twelve months. But the Treasury is decidedly better prepared than it was then to putting the telegraph, telephone, and electric light wires underground in the city of

meet any emergency, and meanwhile the depression in prices may the sooner put New York consists in a conduit of asphalt concrete.-The Scientific American

an end to the waiting policy which Great Britain and Germany have pursued.says there are now 100,000 arc electric lights in use in this country. -Divers have

New York Tribune. succeeded in raising nearly all the cargo of the ill-fated Oregon. They report that THE GROWTH OF THE Oyster BUSINESS. It is expected that the estab. the ship is rapidly going to pieces. The new telephone line between New lishment of rights of ownership to oyster grounds in New York State will have York and Philadelphia will be opened for business about September 15th. Seventy the effect of greatly increasing the cultivation of oysters. Such has been the effect four hard-drawn copper wires will be used.--Mr. J. H. Long, in a recent paper of the introduction of a similar system in the States of Rhode Island and Connecon the microscopic examination of butter, arrives at the conclusion that, " taking ticut. The former had in 1865 only sixty or seventy acres of ground used for all things into consideration, we have no absolutely certain method of distinguish the cultivation of oysters. That year the law selling the oyster grounds was ing between butter and some of its substitutes, and that, of all methods proposed, passed. In 1883 Rhode Island had 11,000 acres under oyster cultivation, and her the microscopic are, perhaps, the least reliable.” These conclusions are similar to

production had risen from 71,000 bushels in 1865 to nearly 1,000,000 bushels in the ones reached by Prof. H. A. Webster, but are directly opposed to those of Dr. 1883. This statement of the amount of land under oyster culture does not inTaylor. The longest clock pendulum known is said to be one in Avignon, clude a great deal that is held on ancient grants by individuals and towns indeFrance, measuring sixty-seven seet, to which is attached a weight of one hundred pendent of the State, just as great tracts of such lands are held in the great South and thirty-two pounds.' Its movement is slow, passing through an arc of between Bay and in other bays and harbors of Long Island Connecticut in 1880 had but nine and ten feet in four seconds and a half. -M. Estrade, of the French l'Ecole 7,000 acres of cultivated oyster beds. That year the law authorizing the survey Polytechnique, has perfected a new locomotive, which will haul a train of cars at and sale of the oyster-growing lands was passed by the Legislature, and now there a speed of from 70 to 78 miles an hour. Acid pulp for paper making is pro are nearly 100,000 acres, formerly the property of the State, but now of private duced in Sweden at a cost of one cent per pound. The labor is mostly performed individuals, devoted to oyster culture. New York has fully 100,000 acres of by women, whose wages are from twelve to twenty cents a day. -Gas and water ground under the Sound quite as good as any belonging to Connecticut for the pipes manufactured of paper are being quite generally introduced in Vienna, growing of oysters, At present, except where they are held by right of ancient

*

answer.

cents.

SOCIOLOGY.

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town and individual grants, the oyster grounds of New York are held by the un-
certain tenure ofcustom, and disputes as to ownership are frequent.—New York Sun.

FOREIGN TRADE.- Very little of the traffic between foreign nations crosses the
borders of the United States, and if it were not for the trade between England

THE INFLUENCE OF HOUSE OWNERSHIP.-Philadelphia, as the greatest work and Canada, it would hardly be worth noticing. The merchandise in transit shop of America, furnishes a striking illustration in point. Its comparative ex through this country during the first three months of the present year was valued emption from strikes is due to the fact that, as a rule, the workingman there at $14,221,563, 57 per cent. of which came in foreign vessels, and over 28 per owns his home. Hence, he is as conservative as the capitalist. You may find cent, in cars and other land vehicles. By the latter means of conveyance over 47 scores of squares with nice brick houses of workingmen, not one of which is a per cent. entered the United States by way of the Grand Trunk Railway, through

tenement house. Philadelphia now has double the number of dwelling-houses İşland Pond, Vermont, where there is a custom-house. The largest portion of this of any other city of its size in the world. This marvelous increase in its merchandise arrived from England, to the extent of 38 per cent of the whole, homesteads is due to its co-operative building associations, numbering over four and the next largest came from the Canadian Dominion, 'and was forwarded chiefly hundred. They have been tried for nearly fifty years, and have proved such valufrom the ports of New York, and Portland, Me. Cuba sent to foreign countries, able forces in promoting industry, economy, sobriety, thrift, and prosperity that the by way of New York, $1,814,869 worth of merchandise, and received by the same State encourages them by exempting all their stock and mortgages from taxation, way only $136,486 worth. Japan, loo, forwarded to European markets, through Though the holdings of these associations exceed $50,000,000, they are managed our ports, more than she received. Take Great Britain, Canada, and Germany off by workingmen at little expense, and are always open to public scrutiny. Failures the list, and there would be very little of the transit trade for other nations. The have been very rare, less than in any other class of financial associations. The Stockholder.

worst of those closed during the panic of 1873 paid ninety-three cents on the dollar. A BILL OF LADING IN 1785.-—The form of the bills of lading as used a century

These associations, so unique, tried so long and so successfully, are a model for the ago reads rather quaintly now, as will be seen by the following: “Shipped, by the

workingmen of the country, certainly in large manufacturing centers,

That I may speak authoritatively, I will epitomize certain statements kindly grace of God, in good order and well-conditioned, by Messrs. H. Vanderburgh &

furnished me by an eminent Philadelphian, especially conversant with this subject, Co., in & upon the good Brigg called Betsy and Suky whereof Giles Hollister is

who says: The tenement house is unknown here. În the riots of 1877 the 20,000 master, under God for the present voyage, and now riding at anchor in the port of

members of building associations acted as an efficient counterpoise to the lawless Newbern and by God's Grace bound for New York, 417 bbls. of Tar; 47 bbls.

throngs that crowded the streets. The instinct of self-preservation, of social order, Turpentine; 44 bbls. Pitch; 6 Venison Hams; 4 Deer Skins, & one bbl. of fat,

was as strong with them as with the wealthier classes, and was even more effectual, to be delivered in good order unto Mr. Hamtramock, or to his assigns, he or they paying freight, with primage & average accustomed-It witness whereof &c-and

It neutralized, in their own camp, the clamors of a vicious and riotous rabble, so so'God send the good ship to her destined Port in safety. AMEN. Dated at New

that the presence of the mayor and the police was sufficient to quell all disorder

without collision. These associations have been a potent factor in making our bern, 16th Feb. 1785. Giles Hollister.”—Wilmington, N. C., Star,

people prosperous and moral, encouraging sobriety, and preventing dissipation. DE LESSEPS’ CANAL SCHEME.-It is now estimated that 600,000,000 francs will The absence of any socialistic tendencies can undoubtedly be traced to the general be required to finish De Lesseps' Panama Canal, and the Paris press unite in the ownership of homes. opinion that the Chamber will sanction the lottery law for that amount, as other In Switzerland, out of 485,000 households 465,000 are householders. Here is wise the French, who have already invested, will lose all they put in, as the one secret of the remarkable patriotism and prosperity of that people, and of their scheme would have to be abandoned. It is reported that M. de Lesseps recently comparative exemption from labor troubles. Their excellent public schools and told his countrymen that should they fail to support the Panama enterprise, it twenty-nine industrial schools, all topped up by their grand Polytechnic Institute would be turned over to the Americans, who would eagerly put their dollars into it. at Zurich, including the same practical work as that of this Worcester Industrial

Institute, have wonderfully unified the home-owning and home-loving people of NOTES.—Prolonged drouth in Wisconsin has led to an extensive cancellation of

these twenty-five cantons. Though separate in race, religion, and language, they insurance policies. In some districts it appears from the reports that cancellations

are one in national interest, proud of their history and prouder still of their recent have been so freely made among lumber yards and saw mills that the bulk of this

progress and manufacturing prosperity. They are an ingenious and industrious property is now carried almost entirely at the risk of the owners. -The California people, and their mechanics are educated and skillful, believing in the dignity of Southern Railroad is making arrangements for an extensive shipment of grapes to

labor and the thorough mastery of some trade. Though hemmed in by mountains, the East during the season just commencing. The supreme court of New York

without a seaport, with few minerals and no coal, with costly transportation, all has affirmed the decision of Judge Peckham that a dealers' protective association has the right to publish the names of delinquent debtors. The imports of foreign

freight from the seaboard coming over foreign territory, Switzerland threatens the

ribbon trade of Coventry, rivals the English and French in muslin and delaine, and dry goods, at New York, for the month of July amount to $9,330,756, compared the world in watches, music-boxes, and wood-carving.–B. F. Northorp, L.L.D., with $8,721,583 for the same month last year, against $12,493,763 for July, 1884,

in Age of Steel. and $10,542,188 for the corresponding period in 1883 and $11,373,040 in 1882.

-An examination by Department officials of the undeliverable mail matter re-
cently rescued from the Oregon has disclosed the astonishing fact that large amounts
of dutiable matter, such as gloves, laces, etc., are being smuggled into the country

EDUCATION.
folded in newspapers, books, etc. -It is estimated by a writer in Science that the
Chinese government actually receives but 40 per cent. of the taxes collected, the

THE CHAUTAUQUA IDEA.-Rev. J. H. Vincent, D. D., who is the highest au-
balance representing the cost of collecting and the aggregate stealings of the col-
lectors. -Owing to the continual decline in the price of silver, the current dollars thority on the subject, says: “ The Chautauqua idea” is a protest against certain

false ideas of education which are alike injurious to the individual, the community, which stood at 93 1-4 cents when the coin was remonetized had dropped to 79 11-16 cents at the beginning of the year, to 75 3-4 cents at the end of June, and

and the nation. For example, we glorify our schools, but we neglect them. it is now down to 71 1-4 cents—in other words, a discount of 28 3-4 cents. The

There is but a very small proportion of the people who ever think of pursuing the motto is constantly becoming more suggestive. “ In God we trust

-The official

higher studies. A large majority of the school children leave school before they report of the earnings and expenditures of the two Reading corporations for the

are qualified to become students. Chautauqua opposes the idea that a man has seven months ending on the 30th of June exhibits a deficit of $4,501,298.17, or,

education enough when he can attend to his business and keep others from cheatin round numbers, a loss of $700,000 per month, a loss of $175,000 per week, a

ing him. Scholarship is not the prerogative of the professional classes. Educa

tion should not be thus limited. The man or woman of forty or fifty can begin loss of $25,000 per day. Buffalo, N. Y., stands second only to Minneapolis in the production of flour.

to acquire intellectual strength, although it is, of course, better to begin earlier

, _Hundreds of artesian wells are being bored in London, on account of the excessive charges of the water companies. The cost of deliv: Finally, the Chautauqua idea protests against the notion that education is limited ering flour from the Minneapolis mills to Glasgow or Liverpool, including insurance

to schools. Every man or woman has the right to all the education he or she and all charges between the two points, does not exceed 75 cents a barrel the year

wants or can take. Chautauqua advocates the idea that every man needs a higher -The Railway Age says: “The demand for railway cars is now very heavy,

education. If I had a boy who expected to be a blacksmith all his life, I shoula round. and most of the car-builders are full of orders. Nearly every road in the country is ad

want him to be a college graduate. Every man owes it to himself, his wife, and ding to its equipment, and the requirements for new lines alone are very large

The

his children to be as much a man as he can be. When the parents are educated new law in Massachusetts compelling corporations to pay their employes weekly is

enough to take a real interest in the studies and work of their children it is as not working very satisfactorily. Most of the complaints come from the employes turity. It says the woman of forty is worth more as a student than the girl of

easy again to teach the boy. The Chautauqua idea exalts the power of mathemselves. -The Mexican government has granted a concession for a large colony of Americans, to be established on Tapalatampo Bay, Gulf of Lower Cali

fourteen. She is mature, and is able to give her undivided attention to any subfornia, state of Sinaloa. The government obligates itself to pay $150 annually for

ject she may take up, while the boy studies because he must simply cram for recitwo years for each family settled, to admit machinery for the colony duty free.

tation and promotion. His mother at thirty, thirty-five, or forty studies because The rate war among the transatlantic steamship lines is fierce. Prepaid emigrant pas

she wants to know. The Chautauqua plan embraces a college of liberal arts, con sage is now down to $12. Cabin rates remain unchanged. -Mails to Havana

ducted entirely by a correspondence, in which one hundred men and women are are no longer carried via New York, but are sent to Tampa, Florida, by rail, thence studying in their homes Greek, Latin, mathematics, physiology, &c. by steamer. -The New York Tribune says that the steamers from the Southern

The Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle' takes up a course of reading ports bring from 60,000 to 70,000 watermelons each trip and receive five cents per

which occupies forty minutes each day, nine months in the year, for four years. melon. Last season one company carried near 600,000 and received $28,000.

This course of reading covers every department in a regular college course. The The Bradstreet Company has a cash capital and assets of over $1,400,000, its

mother at home and her son in college pursue the same course of study, although nearly 100 branch offices, and its small army of over 1,500 salariel employes, and

she does not get the intellectual discipline of exhaustive translation. She gets the 65,000 regular correspondents. A Baptist missionary in China writes home that

same outlook, and she is made an interesting companion for her boy. what an American family throws away in a year would keep a dozen Chinese EDUCATION AND Crime.-The London Spectator remarks that the old idea that families, and what a Chinese family throws away in the same time would not feed education would of itself extirpate crime has gradually been dissipated by experi

“It was a foolish idea a priori, for there is nothing in the mere develop

a mouse.

ence.

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ment of intelligence to remove the original causes of crime or to cure either mal conscience. The Protestants of Ireland are not the “insignificant minority' ice, or lust, or greed, and it died away before the evidence that education rather that is popularly imagined. The Episcopalians number 600,000, the Presbyterians changes the form of some kinds of criminality than extinguishes criminality itself. number 485,000, the Methodists and Unitarians, 110,000, the Congregationalists, The educated man swindles when the boor would steal, but the instinct of thiev Baptists, and other minor denominations make up about 60,000 more.

- The naishness is the same in both, while greed is slightly increased by education.” It tive churches of Samoa, besides supporting their own pastors, have contributed, on does not even make all men intelligent, for “ the new anarchist faction, which re the average, $6,000 per year for the last twenty-five years to the funds of the jects all the teaching, not only of history, but of the commonest facts of experience, London Missionary Society. Yet, when the missionaries began their work, the peoand even the conclusions of arithmetic, is led by educated men, sometimes of high ple were dangerous savages. intellectual attainments.” M. Elisee Reclus, author of the most delightful and learned geographical books, is an anarchist; Prince Krapotkine, whe counsels the destruction of society by force, is a man of unusual cultivation; Mr. Hyndman,

MEDICAL. who, while he disclaims anarchism, avows a desire to seize all capital, equalize all men, and compel all to labor, is a graduate of London University; and many of the cosmopolitan revolutionists are men familiar with many literatures. We have

THIRST AND DRINKING IN HOT WEATHER.-So far as the mere sensation of further been told, time and again, and are still told, by the advocates of popular education, that that would be in itself a strong guarantee for social order. Educa

thirst is concerned, there can be no question that it is a mistake to drink too much tion has gone on diffusing its benefits among larger proportions of mankind, and

or too frequently in hot weather; the Auid taken in is very rapidly thrown out now while New England, Scotland, and Prussia, formerly among the most edu

again through the skin in the form of perspiration, and the outflow being promoted cated states, were also the most orderly, there are in Germany five hundred thou

by this determination toward the surface, a new and increasing demand for fluid sand socialists; ” and “all over the western world, discontent with the order of

follows rapidly on the successive acts of drinking and perspiring, with the result that “thirst" is made worse by giving way to it.

But if we refuse to society, especially upon points which can not be altered, appears to grow deeper and more violent.” Thus, while education may still give us much in the end,

drink when we are thirsty, simply because we shall thirst again, we are imposing “ the old enthusiastic hopes from it were, as regards the time of their fruition,

a restraint on the activities by which nature is endeavoring to preserve the health. evidently illusory. It is no more a panacea than any other, and the good it does We are doing precisely what the irrational homeopaths do, or did, when resusing is as slow to develop itself as the good that rain does. We have all been just like

fluid to cholera patients, or limited the drink of those who suffer from fever. Of the poor, and have expected pleasant results too soon, and from mere decrees and

course, like produces like in the matter of thirst from any cause, but the like profrom too little labor.” Popular Science Monthly.

duced is natural, and it is, or rather was, strange to note that in one of the earliest

notorious cases of malpractice by persons calling themselves homoeopaths in EngNotes.-Prof. William A. Rogers, of the Harvard Astronomical Observatory, has land, the dogma, “ Similia similibus curantur," should be flung to the winds, and been elected professor of physics at Colby University.--Ex-President Noah drink refused to a patient dying of liquid diarrhoea, because, forsooth, the taking of Porter and Prof. George P. Fisher, of Yale College, were honored on Monday by fluids increased the diarrhoea and made him more thirsty! We venture to hope the University of Edinburg, which conferred upon the former the decree of LL. that those who are zealously urging the policy of refusing to quench their thirst in D. and upon the latter that of D. D. Both gentlemen were present.--The this hot weather because “drinking makes people more thirsty” will reconsider summer school for teachers, just held at Niantic, Ct., under the auspices of the

their policy from the physiological standpoint, and that they will recognize that to State Board of Education, and absolutely free, was an experiment, but a very suc thirst and drink, and perspire and drink again, are the natural steps in a process by cessful one. Five hundred teachers were there. The five hundredth anniver

which nature strives to maintain the integrity of those organic changes which the sary of the founding of Heidelberg University was a brilliant and interesting oc external heat has a tendency to impede. The natural and true policy is to supply casion. Many delegations from all parts of Europe and America were present. an adequate quantity of fluid without excess. Therefore, do not abstain from

drinking, but drink slowly, so as to allow time for the voice of nature to cry

Enough.” There is no drink so good as pure water. For the sake of flavor, and

because the vegetable acids are useful, a dash of lemon juice may be added with RELIGIOUS.

advantage. The skin should be kept fairly cool, so that a sufficient quantity of the

fluid taken may pass off by the kidney.-Lancet. RELIGION IN SUMMER.-It takes more grace to be an earnest and useful Christian

AN ELECTRIC TOOTHACHE REMEDY.--I always did have a scientific turn. So in summer than in any other season. The very destitute, through lack of fuel and

does the implement which imparts the circular motion to a grindstone, though I thick clothing, may find the winter the trying season, but those comfortably cir

am unable to say which is the greater success as a crank. Among other symptoms cumstanced find summer the Thermopylæ that tests their Christian courage and of genius which are rapidly developing in me, I occasionally wrap myself in inendurance.

penetrable gloom and other wearing apparel, and wrestle with a redundant and The spring is suggestive of God and heaven and a resurrection day. That eye conspicuous toothache. Having deposited so many incisors, biceps, and molars must be blind that does see God's footsteps in the new grass, and hear His voice

with gentlemen of leisure, who made a business of collecting such bric-a-brac, I in the call of the swallow at the eaves. In the white blossoms of the orchards we began to fear that I should soon be compelled to live on codfish balls and mush the find suggestion of those whose robes have been made white in the blood of the remainder of my days. What wonder, then, that the following from the London Lamb. A May morning is a door opening into heaven. So autumn mothers a

Electrician attracted my attention : “If a thin plate of zinc be placed on one side great many moral and religious suggestions. The season of corn-husking, the

of the gum and a silver coin on the other side, with the aching tooth between gorgeous woods that are becoming the catafalque of the dead year, remind the

them, and then the edges of the metals brought together, a weak galvanic current dullest of his own fading and departure. But summer fatigues and weakens, and

will be established that will cure the pain. I immediately gathered up my wife's no man keeps his soul in as desirable a frame, unless by positive resolution and washboard, and cut a piece of zinc from it. She made a vigorous protest, but when especial implorations. Pulpit and pew often get stupid together, and ardent de

a man has a tooth in his mouth that is dissatisfied with the management of affairs, votion is adjourned until September.

his other troubles are as naught. After obtaining the zinc the next thing was to But who can afford to lose two months out of each year, when the years are so

get the coin. A thorough investigation of my assets failed to reveal even a tenshort and so few? He who stops religious growth in July and August will require

cent piece, so I went out and borrowed that amount from a friend. In my hurry the next six months to get over it. Nay, he never recovers. At the season when

I laid the piece of zinc where I could not find it again. I cut another piece from the fields are most full of leafage and lise, let us not be lethargic and stupid. Let

the crippled washboard, the tooth rigidly adhering to the ache business, and my us remember that iniquity does not cease in summer time. She never takes a va wife protesting; but something had to be done, and that something I heroically atcation. The devil never leaves town. The child of want, living up that dark

tempted to do. Placing the zinc and coin as directed, I let them touch below the alley, has not so much fresh air nor sees as many Aowers as in the winter-time. tooth. Jeminy crickets! A thousand toothaches at once! It was over in a second, In cold weather the frost blossoms on her window-pane, and snow falls in wreaths

and the tooth no longer ached; but the dime, oh, where was he? Half way down in the alley. God pity the wretchedness that pants and sweats and festers and

my throat and marching on. I had promised to return the dime in half an hour, dies on the hot pavements and the suffocating cellars of the town !—T. De Witt

but under the circumstances it was impossible, and my friend now regard me as a Talmadge, in Brooklyn Magazine,

fraud. Hang those new-fangled remedies, anyhow!--Goodall's Sun. NOTES.-Rev. Stephen H. Tyng, who has been for years a business man in

A NEW TREATMENT FOR DIPHTHERIA.—Dr. Kramer, of Amersterdam, has Paris, is in this country, and was received with great enthusiasm as he preached at found a new remedy for diphtheria in the form of a mixture of bromine and iodine, his old tabernacle in New York. More than 300 clergymen in this country are

with which he has made some remarkable cures (Centralbl. fur Klin. Med., for riders of the bicycle, and a large number of them started together from New York, December, 1885). He uses the remedy also as a prophylactic, brushing the throat Tuesday, August 3, for a spin up the Hudson. — Bishop Foster recently made night and morning, during an epidemic, first with one and then with the other of the remark that if the good people of the country would stand together for just

the following solutions : 1. Bromide of iodine, bromide of potassium, of each i one day they could wipe out ihe saloons.— Lieui. Gov. Ames, of Massachusetts,

part; distilled water, 200 parts. 2. Carbolic acid, i part; rectified spirit and glyhas given the Memorial Methodist Church, at Plymouth, a bell cast by Paul Recerine, each 25 parts

. The same solutions are used for the disease itself, but the vere, which was used for eighty years on State institutions, and has hung lately

first may be increased by double the strength, and is applied every hour, the second at the Ames' place in North Easton, where it was rung for Fourth-of-July celebra being used three times a day. The treatment is concluded by blowing benzoate tions, It was once known in Boston as the “ Liberty Bell,” and was rung when

of sodium into the throat three times a day, administering the same drug in doses pardon proclamations were issued by the Governor. -The large sum of $2,075 was

of two to four drams, according to the age of the patient, and keeping the bowels paid the other day in England for a copy of the sermon preached by John Knox

open.-Medical and Surgical Reporter. three hundred and twenty-one years ago this month, " for the whiche he was in A REMARKABLE CASE.—A surgeon of Tours, Doctor Thomas, has recently hibite preaching for a season.”

- The supreme court of New Hampshire has de communicated a very interesting fact concerning the surgery of the fingers. A man, cided that members of the Salvation Army, or other organizations, can be prose while passing over a gate, lost the whole skin of one of his fingers, a ring around cuted as public nuisances if they make themselves such without conflicting with

one of there having got caught between the gate and an iron bar, and the weight the organic law, which is manifestly intended to cover only the free exercise of the of the man while jumping having forcibly dragged the finger through the ring.

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The ring and the skin remained an entire hour on the gate. Doctor cars are in process of construction for-leading theatrical stars. -Sarah Bernhard Thomas secured both, and reintroduced the scalped finger into its normal will open her season in New York in February. -Mme. Janish will appear next envelope. Although the whole skin did not adhere, a good part of it was restored season in “ Diana Losora,” a story of Polish life. The Maid and the Moonto life, and it is possible that, if the operation could have been performed earlier, shiner,” Edward Solomon's new comic opera, is to be put on at the Standard the result might have been quite satisfactory.--Science.

Theatre, New York, August 14, with Lillian Russell in the principal female part. The Net RESULTS OF PASTEUR'S WORK.—Mr. Grancher, who is the collabora

--Mr. Bullen, the editor of old English plays, says that there are many old tor of M. Pasteur, recently made a statement concerning vaccination against hydro- plays preserved in public and private collections, in Ms., which as yet have never phobia. From this it appears that of 1,000 non-vaccinated persons bitten by rabid

been examined by any competent scholar, “I suspect,” he continues, “ that some

are hidden away in libraries, others rotting in sumber rooms. -M. Damala, animals, 160 died; since vaccination, the mortality has fallen off to 7 in 1,000. Of those bitten by rabid wolves, the mortality, when unprotected by vaccination, is

Sarah Bernhardt's husband, was recently arrested as an accomplice of lace smug66.5 per cent. M. Pasteur has vaccinated 48 persons so bitten, and, have died, glers. Damala excused himself by saying that when his wife" is away life is too

intolerably monotonous.. _The Theatre has been made a pronounced success. It giving a mortality of 14 per cent.

is typographically and artistically beautiful, and is remarkably refreshing in that it NOTES.-M. Andouard, the eminent French physician, reports the case of a body deals with the purest and highest class of dramatic literature. having been kept in an excellent state of preservation for a year by being kept in

attendance at the Wild West” show of Buffalo Bill on Staten Island is said to be ten a close, dry cellar where there was no ventilation, but low temperature.Dr. thousand. -London play-goers will be called upon this week to hear an operetta George L. Fitch has for five years been in charge of the lepers in the Sandwich written by a woman, the first instance of the kind on record, we believe. The Islands. He gives it as his opinion, based on careful study and attempts to inocu composer's name is Ida Walter, and she is the daughter of the well-known prolate the virus into healthy persons, that leprosy is not a contagious disease.

prietor of the Times.--Tchernychewsky's story, What's to be Done?” which is known as the “ Uncle Tom's Cabin of Nihilism,” and which the author wrote in

a St. Petersburg dungeon some twenty years ago, is being translated into English. STATISTICAL.

The horrors related in the narrative, it is said, exceed anything that has been brought to light, even by such writers as Stepniak. -It is now asserted that Miss

Van Zandt has paralysis. She is still at Vichy, constantly attended by her mother. TRADES AND PROFESSIONS IN FRANCE.—The following interesting figures are -Joe Jefferson and his wise kave returned from a salmon fishing trip in Canada taken from the Revue Industrielle : Half the population of France lives upon

to their home on Saddle Brook, Hohokus, N. J.--"Music,” Johnson says, " is agriculture, one-quarter lives by various manufacturing industries, one-tenth by the least disagreeable of all noises.” But it should be mentioned in passing that commerce, four-hundredths by the liberal professions, and, finally, six-hundredth's Johnson died many years before the cornet fiend got loose, and that during his life are “rentiers” of various kinds. Among the agriculturists, there are 9,176,000 the piano was not the perennial disturber of home life that it has since come be. who are proprietors farming their own land. The others are tenant farmers under

Boston Transcript. -Patti appeared in a farewell matinee at the Albert Hall, various systems of holding, laborers, or very small holders who also work for others. London, Wednesday, the 5th inst. She left London the following day for the seaThe large industries, such as mines, quarries, and the more important manufacto

-Paris has been singularly dull of late, so far as dramatic and musical matries and workshops, occupy 1,130,000 persons, while the lesser industries occupy ters are concerned.---Mr. Krehhiel is quite right when he states that the “Amer6,093,000. Under commerce are comprised 789,000 bankers, brokers, and whole ican Opera Company has not yet get out of the experimental stage of its existence, sale inerchants, 1,895,000 retail dealers or shop keepers, and 1,164,000 hotel and that, far from sitting snugly ensconced behind an impenetrable barrier of gold, keepers and what we should class as licensed victualers. The railways and various

it is in the open field.”—The Keynote, -Dr. Eben Tourjee, the principal of the carrying trades on land and the merchant marine occupy 800,000 persons. Vari New England Conservatory of Music, is enjoying a holiday in California.-—-M. rious government and communal employes number 806,000.

Remenyi is now playing in India with considerable success. -Mr. Louis G,

Gottschalk, the baritone, who has been in Europe during the past two years, will PROGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES.-In “ Triumphant Democracy,” the recent

shortly return to his native land, in order to commence his duties as chief vocal inwork by Mr. Andrew Carnegie, a Scotchman by birth, and now an American

structor at the Chicago Musical College. --All the interests of the stage will, we manufacturer, the author gives many interesting facts showing the progress and believe, take an upward list and impress upon its professors that a change has come prosperity of his adopted country. He states that during last year 74,000 more tons of Bessemer steel were produced in the United States than in Great Britain ;

and a new king is on the throne, and that notably the era of rot and rubbish has

measurably passed away.- The New York Mirror, that more yards of carpet are made each year in Philadelphia and the vicinity than in all England, Wales, and Scotland; that the school libraries alone in this country contain 12,000,000 more books than all the public libraries of Europe combined; and that all the State and city debts of the Union added together, rating

ART. them according to valuation of property, do not amount to one-fifth of the city debt of Manchester, England, or to one-tenth of the debt of Birmingham.

NOTES.—The handsomely illustrated paper on the Western art movement which Mr. Ripley Hitchcock contributes to the August Century reveals to the complacent East the fact that so far as the building up of art museums and art schools goes the West is at present far more energetic than is the East. - Frederick

Keppel & Co. have reprinted from the Century for February, 1883, a paper on THE DEATH OF FRANZ LISZT.-The death of Franz Liszt leaves a vacant place “American Etchers," by Mrs. Schuyler van Renssaeler, which attracted much atin the world of art that some one must be born to fill. None that the world now tention at the time of its appearance in the magazine. Some additional matter on knows can succeed him; and although his work was done before advancing years etching by the same writer, reprinted from the New York Star, and an appreciacompelled retirement, it was much to have with us the living monument of the tive study of Charles Meryon, the etcher, by Mr. Keppel himself

, complete the progress of music from Cherubini and Beethoven to Berlioz and Wagner. The brochure, which is got up in very good form. The original illustrations to the greater part of Liszt's three-quarters of a century of life has been actively spent in Century article are reproduced. The idea of our art students mingling study the labor of his art, with results that will be more than a memory because their with recreation, and going during the heated term into the country in search of effect is permanent. Without his aid Wagner might never have compelled the knowledge and health at once, is growing more popular each succecding season. world to listen, and by what he has done for others, as well as by what he has -Mr. F. S. Church, the painter, has the distinction of never having studied in produced of his own, the Abbe Liszt will be remembered.-Boston Post.

Europe, and of never having been on an ocean steamer, and there are not wantThe death of Franz Liszt removes one of its most striking and picturesque figures ing persons who believe that his very striking originality has not suffered in confrom the world. Something of the man's personality strongly impressed itself upon

sequence. observers throughout his really shining career; something innately theatric, perhaps, there was about him, yet winning, too, and commanding, with the true note of power and strength. He must have been a "personage,” whatever his mode of expression, who through a long life made for himself such a place in men's

LITERARY. mention as did Liszt, from the time when as a slender youth he became the talk of the salons of Vienna and Paris, until in the height of the last London season the abbe's venerable figure was the first attraction of the world's capital. Besides per

THE DECLINE or Book READING.—In the hearing in Janurary last before the sonal attraction the history of the man was romantic. His earlier years were passed

Committee of the Senate on the Copyright Bill, introduced by Senator Hawley, in a sort of “swell” Bohemia; the Bohemian quality, indeed, List never wholly

there was a good deal said about the rapid decline in the demand for American lost. Abbe and grandparent, he died while in the course of paying honor to the

books under the competition of the cheap reprints of all sorts of books by the man who lived in concubinage with his own (illegitimate) daughter. But these

American pirates. But Mr. Henry Ilolt, the New York publisher, added : things are too high for our simple republican taste. Liszt was easily first of This is not the whole question. It is rapidly becoming a question whether, with raro

exceptions, we are going to bave any serious books at all. Consider this a moment: the piano-forte players. His performance was, in fact, by itself, and not to be com

competition of books issued by these cheap librarles is ruinous to all books that are not pared with any other. As for his campositions, there may be more hesitancy of in these cheap libraries. It is not a question of the competition of an English book, judgment. No doubt his relative position among modern composers is changed which is reprinted for 20 cents, with the same edition of a book which is reprinted for de since « Tristan und Isolde,” the Nibelung tetralogy, and Parisfal;” but those

It is the competition of this cheap reading matter that a man can pick up and

throw away with all the substantial books. It is ruining the sale of all books. It is not who twenty years ago paid him homage as apostle of the new musical faith can

ruiniug tho sale merely of books of Action, or the sale of mere trash. In the old days of never forget the feeling of that time, and the world itself will grow very old before trade courtesy, the pot extravagance of many a substantial citizen in an out-of-the-way it forgets some of the songs, the “ Tasso," the “ Préludes,” “Die Ideale," or, to

place was tostop in the bookstore of an evening, glance over the stock, and take some:

thing substantial home in a shape which he could hand down to his children and his mention no more, the Dante symphony.--New York Evening Post.

Now, except fa favored places, there is no bookstore for him to go

to. Its place is taken by a toy shop, with a low school books in one corner and a great NOTES,-Minnie Palmer is soon to sail for Australia, -Several elegant private counter full of cheap pamphlots. The book-buying þabit sa dying out. It was never

MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC.

dollar.

chlldren's childron.

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