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141,349 francs; Menus-Plaisirs, 318,753 francs ; Bouffes-du-Nord, 14,305 francs. and discourse should seem beautiful on canvas and parchment, they must be touched The following have a deficit : Varieties, 122,468 francs; Gymnase, 19,592 francs; Palais Royal, 311,687 francs; Nouveautes, 114,078 francs; Porte
with our vernacular education, it seems almost incomprehensible that one St.-Martin, 350,547 francs; Ambigu, 26,099 francs; Chatelet,
should come to the consciousness of I his literary judgments through the Latin. francs; Cluny, 129,897 francs; Bouffes-Parisiens, 24,244 francs; Dejazet, But Père Roux says, with all the enthusiasın of the old-fashioned humanists, who 5,280 francs; Beaumarchais, 35,793 francs. The authors' fees in the year have gone out of fashion : were 24,816 francs more than in the preceding year. -Lord Alfred Tennyson's Oh! the splendid language! How I love it! I learned Latin with as much heart as drama of “ Becket” was performed at Wimbledon, July 21, in the presence of the
though it had been the speech of my father and mother. I do not hold it in my momPrince and Princess of Wales and a distinguished company. The play was given
ory; I have it in my entralls. I long thought in Latin in order to speak in French. My
proge and my verse are full of Latinisms. Premeditated? No; come there by grace. in the open air, at the Sylvan Valley Woods. Genevieve Ward acted Queen
-The Independent. Eleanor, -A number of artists of the theaters of Munich recently addressed an indignant letter to the actor Kainz, because of his having published private cor
NOTES.—While a great many new books, which might be classified as “Sumrespondence between himself and the late King Ludwig, his patron. As a result,
mer Novels,” have been issued from the publishers' presses this season, the total Kainz has been ostracized from the German stage. Lotta's handsome cottage,
number is said to be below that of 1885. If any judgment can be recorded as which she is erecting at an expense of $25,000 at Lake Hopatacong, will be com
to merit, the past season's books were superior to those of '86. “ Ned Buntline' pleted in a few days. It is modeled after an old rambling English house of a hun
(E. Z. C. Judson) died on the 16th inst., at his house in Stamford, New York. dred or more years ago, and is the idea of Lotta's mother, Mrs. Crabtree. Lotta
He is said to have made from $20,000 to $60,000 per year by his stories.is the- richest actress in this country, if not in the world. - Joseph Hatton's Miss Amelia B. Edwards, of England, noted as an Egyptologist, has been honored daughter Bessie is about to adopt the stage as a profession, being engaged for a
by Smith College with the degree of LL.D. Miss Edwards deserves recognition tour in Shakespearean plays and old English comedies. -Ellen Terry is so ill
as one of England's truly remarkable literary women. -William T. Adams (Olithat she is not likely to play again this season. - Miss Helen Dauvray sails from
ver Optic), the popular writer for boys, and author of more than one hundred books Liverpool for this city on August 14.-Mrs. Langtry sails for America on Sep
for them, has started on an extended tour of the West, including a tour of the lakes tember 18.-In the twenty-one principal theater fires of modern times, from the
from Buffalo to Chicago. Mr. J. T. Trowbridge, another favorite of American destruction of the Schouwburg Theater in Amsterdam, in 1772, to the burning of
lads, has just returned from California and a long trip northward. -Mr. Ernest the Ring Theater in Vienna, in 1881, a total of 6,548 victims are chronicled.
Ingersoll, the well-known writer for periodicals, will take the platform during the Among the more appalling disasters may be given the Capo d'Istria Theater, with
coming season, lecturing on topics of travel and geographical subjects. The a loss of 1,000, in 1794; the Canton Theater, with a loss of 1,670, on May 25,
Catholic Publication Society Company will publish a new edition of “ The Life of 1845; and the Ring Theater in Vienna, with a loss of 1,100, on December 8,
the Venerable Gerard Mary Majella,” professed lay Brother of the Congregation 1881. The Brooklyn fire on December 5, 1876, caused a loss of nearly 400.
of the Holy Redeemer. -Miss Katharine E. Conway has associated herself with Mrs. Clara Erskine Clements in the production of “A Handbook of Christian Symbols and Stories of the Saints.” (Ticknor & Company, Boston).
- Fasy & Comber, Philadelphia, announce a new edition, in an improved and gilded binding, MUSIC.
of “ Stories of Duty,” by Maurice F. Egan.. -Father Jenkins announces, through Murphy & Co., Baltimore, a new edition of the “ Judges of Faith : Christian vs.
Godless Schools.”_ - Mr. Edgar Fawcett's new book of poems, - Romance and NOTES.-Anton Rubinstein, at his last appearance at Berlin, donated one thou
Revelry,” just published by Messrs. Ticknor & Co., of Boston, contains a poem sand marks to the Jewish Home for Aged in that city. -The branch organizations
several hundred lines long, entitled “ The Magic Flower.” This work was comof the American Opera Company throughout the United States are capitalized as
pleted by Mr. Fawcett no less than seventeen years ago. On finishing it he was follows: Boston and Chicago, each $100,000; Philadelphia, $50,000; Washing
wholly dissatisfied with it, and he has since rewritten it no less than three separate ton, $50,000; St. Louis, $50,000, Louisville, $25,000; Cleveland, $50,000.
times, besides having constantly made minor changes in it here and there ; so that Other similar local organizations are in process of formation. Among the incor
he now gives it to the world after seventeen years of thoughtful probation.porators of the National Conservatory outside of New York are: Henry L. Hig Ticknor & Co. publish“ A Moonlight Boy,” by E. W. Howe; new editions of the ginson, Boston; Frank Thompson, Philadelphia; T. Harrison Garrett, Balti same author's “ Mystery of the Locks” and “Story of a Country Town;” “ An more; A. Howard Hinkle, Cincinnati; N. K. Fairbanks, Chicago ; Leopold
Epigrammatic Voyage,” by Denton J. Snider, recounting in blank verse an Methudy, St. Louis; and Timothy Hopkins, San Francisco. Thus," in American scholar's rambles in Greece, and editions of Tennyson's and of Byron's the language of the directors, “ while the American Opera Company and the Na
“ Childe Harold,” with notes, by Mr. Wm. J. Rolfe. - The Graphic News of tional Conservatory of Music maintain separate organizations, the Conservatory
Cincinnati proposes an illustrated volume on the Creoles of Louisiana, by a New enables the Opera to rely permanently upon a supply of fresh and well-trained
Orleans journalist. -Harper's for August contains an article by William Winter voices, and the Opera enables the Conservatory to depend upon a permanent outlet
on the Jefferson family of actors. -The London Academy and Saturday Review for the talent it develops. -Under the head of a small gift, Mme. Patti received have approving notices of Mr. John Coventry's novel, “After His Kind."
Mr. from one of the Rothschild's, on the occasion of her last marriage, a paper knise of
Rolfe's “ Shakespeares” are making their way in India. -The American Philopale amber-colored tortoise-shell, with a handle studded with diamonds. Imagina- logical Association will hold its 18th annual session at Ithaca, N. Y., July 13. A tion revels in the thought of what may be the donor's large gifts. -Sarasate, the meeting of the Spelling Reform Association will be held in connection therewith. violinist, was asked to play at one of Lord Rothschild's musical evenings, but the -Potter & Coates, of Philadelphia, have in press “ Joe Waring at Home,” by violinist's agent asked such exorbitant pay for the occasion that even the modern Henry Castlemon; “ Helping Himself,” by Horatio Alger, Jr.; “ Footprints in the Crcesus declined the honor of his services. When asked to play at one of Mme.
Forest,” by Edward S. Ellis; “ Ways and Means,” by Margaret Vandegrift, and Patti's concerts, Sarasate declined on the plea that he only played where he was Holidays at the Grange," by Emily Myer Higgins. The last Book-Buyer the chief attraction ! -The widow of Meyerbeer died lately at St. Petersburg, contains the portrait of Henry Schliemann. -The first volume of Edward aged 80.-J. Powell Jones, whose name as author has appeared on some of the
Everett Hale's “ Franklin in France” is promised for the autumn.--Mrs. sweetest ballads of the day, and whose same as a writer of songs is becoming gen
Goodell, the wife of the late Rev. C. L. Goodell, D. D., of St. Louis, is busily erally known, is a Welshman. His trade is that of blacksmithing, and he works at work, with the able co-operation of Rev. Prof. A. H. Currier, D. D., of Oberlin, daily at his anvil in Youngstown, Ohio.
in preparing a biography of Dr. Goodell. -The Literary World's New York correspondent says that the Century company has secured, for publication next fall, a strikingly valuable series of papers on the Russian Penal System, by Mr. George Cannon, whom our Government sent to Russia and Siberia recently with gists in acknowledgment of Russian aid rendered the Jeannette expedition. They are to be illustrated amply. -Messrs. Lee & Shepard are about to publish another volume by Rev. C. F. Thwing, in the preparation of which he has had the assistance
of Mrs. Thwing. It is a historical and philosophical study of the family and kindred A BURIED GENIUS.— Joseph Roux is an obscure priest, serving a flock of igno- topics. -The new free library at Rutland, Vt., was opened last week. It contains rant peasants in a French village. He has had no opportunities for culture beyond about 3,000 volumes, and portraits of General H. H. Baxter and Hon. S. M. Door what his priests education gave him. His lot has not allowed him to visit Paris, hang, among others, upon its walls. The experiment is to be made of issuing the books or to associate with men of letters. But he has just published a book of uncovered. -Mr. E. I. Stevenson, of the Independent, is preparing a life of • Thoughts,” which is setting Paris wild; it is so fresh, sincere, brilliant, and pro Charles Brockden Brown, and desires to communicate with any persons who possess found. His is essentially a literary mind. These “ Thoughts” are full of exquisite letters or manuscripts by Mr. Brown. -Mr. Thomas Hughes' memorial of the epigrams and keen criticisms. We quote a few sentences, translated in Black
late Peter Cooper is to be circulated privately among the members of the Cooper family only, and a more elaborate memorial volume is to be prepared for the public.
-The highly valuable library of M. Straschun, of Wilna, will soon be opened to Shakespeare: greater than history, as great as pootry, he alone would su mice for the
“ The Boy's Book of Famous Rulers,” by Lydia Hoyt Farmer, will literature of a nation. Addison : Shakespeare is an ocean ; Addison an aquarium.
be published soon by T. Y. Crowell & Co. The author aims to give sketches of Multon: he sings ecstacy like Gabriel, hatred like Lucifer, love like Eve, and repent historical epochs as backgrounds for her biographical narratives.A Western ance like Adam.
court has enjoined a local dealer from selling Grant's Memoirs at a price below the Goldsmith : his “ Vicar of Wakefield,” translated by Charles Nodier, attaches itself to the memory as with nails of gold.
regular publisher's price. It was held that an agent had no right to sell a subscripGoethe: a German loving.cup engraved at Corinth.
tion book to a dealer to be resold.-Benson J. Lossing has written a monograph Schiller : has put into drama history read in a dream.
on André and Hale, “ The Two Spies,” which the Appletons will publish soon. Klopstock: a pall covered with silver tears. Wieland: has composed epics that are but ballads.
The same house also announce “A Politician's Daughter," by Myra Sawyer Hamlin, Burger: has composed ballads that are epics.
daughter of ex-Senator F. H. Sawyer and granddaughter by marriage of the Hon. Voltaire: the mind of a courtier and the heart of a courtesan.
Hannibal Hamlin; and “ Studies in Modern Socialism and Labor Problems," by George Sand : like Circe, she changes all her lovers into boasts. Exact stenography harms a discourse as photography harmo a face. In order that face T. Edwin Brown, D. D., of Providence. -Mr. W. Clark Russell has delivered the
EVENTS OF THE WEEK.
WIT OF THE WEEK.
manuscript of his new novel, « The Golden Hope: A Romance of the Deep,” to
THURSDAY, JULY 22.
DOMESTIC.—Bicentennial day is celebrated at Albany. President Cleveland, Secretary torical and Political Science, proposes to issue a series of extra volumes in addition
Bayard, and Secretary Whitney are present. Governor Hill dellvers an oration. Further to the regular annual series. The first of these will be “The Republic of New damaging testimony is presented against the anarchists on trial in Chicago. Eastern Haven: A History of Municipal Evolution.” -A“Dictionary of Boston,” niodeled Grand Army men depart for San Francisco to attend the national encampment. The
Vermont Democrats and Arkansas Republicans hold their respective State conventions, after the celebrated “ Dickens's Dictionary of London," is to be issued by Houghton,
Two encounters take place between a body of swampers, against whom arrest warrants Mifflin & Co. It is compiled by Edwin M. Bacon, editor of the Boston Post and were out, and two sheriff posses, in Bayou Boulie, La., resulting in the killiug of two formerly of the Boston Advertiser. It promises to be the most comprehensive men and the wounding of several others. volume yet written about the Hub. -Susan Coolidge has translated and adapted
CONGRESSIONAL.-The Senate debates the Payne case. The House devotes most of the from the French Arnaud's “ One Day in a Baby's Life” It will be published by
day to a question of consideration. Roberts Brothers, with reproductions of the colored illustrations. -“ Not in the Prospectus,” a novel of foreign travel by Parke Danforth will be published shortly FOREIGN.--The Marquis of Salisbury is to hold a conference with his old cabinet. Corin Houghton, Mifflin & Co.'s “ Riverside Paper Series.” It will be followed by ruption is reported in the English war department. The Dilke case is argued. Bishop's collection of sketches, “ Choy Susan and Other Stories.” -The proceed
FRIDAY, JULY 23, ings and addresses of the last annual meeting of the American Congress of Churches DOMESTIC.-A conflict between ranchmen and farmers is expected in Texas. Mr. will be published at once by the Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co.
It is an
Charles Hutchins, genoral business agent of the American Board of Foreign Missions, is nounced that the record of the military and naval services of graduates of Harvard
killed on the track at Boston while leaving the cars on the wrong side. to be prepared by Dr. F. H. Brown, and published by Cupples, Upham & Co., is CONGRESSIONAL.-The Senato decides, 11 to 17, not to investigate charges of brlbery in nearing completion. -Mr. Coombes has issued a paper-covered edition of aster tho election of Senator Payne, of Ohio. The House concurs in the Senate amendment dinner stories from Balzac. -Matt Crim, a young lady who wrote the story “An
to the Oleomargarine bill, and indulges in a lively debate on the New York Harbor
appropriation. Unfortunit Creetur," that appeared in a recent Century, has written a story for the McClure syndicate of newspapers.-Crowell & Co. will publish immediately FOREIGN.– Tho jury in the Crawford-Dilko case bring in a verdict sustaining the nist “ The Great Masters of Russian Literature in the Nineteenth Century.”
prius decree of a divorce for Mr. Crawforil granted last February, but do not mention Sir Charles Dilko. Bondigo wins tho Eclipse stakes.
SATURDAY, JULY 24.
CONGRESSIONAL.-The Senate passes the Sundry Clyıl bill, and the House the New
Naval Ship Construction bill.
FOREIGN.–Salisbury relirns in London and begins prelimioary work on the new
cabinet. Tho Mexican revolution continues. The states or Tamaulipas and Nuevo Leon Miss CLEVELANI) says that when she becomes an editor she will, so far from as
aro in open rebellioni.
SUNDAY, JULY 25, suming conspicuity, live quietly with her maid. llere is a hint as to editorial lise
DOMESTIC. - The National Sengerfesti, Milwaukee, closes. that during our long experience we have never thought of. By Jove! we shall
A passenger train is fred
on in Mississippi. Gen. s. II. Van Alen commits suicide from the steamship'Umbria. immediately proceed to live quietly with ours. - Fudge,
Charles Lockwood, the murderer of Mallje Randell, is found hanging dead from a chest.
nut tree about a mile from the Randell farm, near Waterbury, Conn., the scene of the “I HAVE come here,” says a Salvation Anny lass, “ to catch souls, not beaux.' tragedy. General Neal Dow dresses an immense assenblage of advocates of prohibiUndoubtedly; but the lass who assumes to have contempt for beaux isn't going to
Lion at Lake Sebago, Me. A young lourist meoty a sand death in the White Mountains.
The snow arch, one of the attractions of the region, falls without warning and suffocales win their souls; they have some pride, we can tell her. - Judge.
hiin under tons of congealed snow. CONNECTICUT has long been a cold, formal, conventional sort of a State, but we FOREIGN.-No pews of general interest. are pleased to note that a change for the beller, a humanizing influence, a sympa
MONDAY, JULY 26. thetic nature, has begun to assert itself, and a man was lynched there Sunday. DOMESTIC --Interest in the Chingo anarchist trials intensifies. Another bomb is Washington Critic.
found serreled in Chicago. Two (lillo herders are struck by lightning near Andrew
Station, Neb., and instantly killed. Hubert O. Thompson, the New York county
CONGRESSIONAL.--The Senato passes the General Deficiency bill. The House discusses
the N. P. Land Grant Forfeiture bill. Sir, excuse me for ringing. I am hungry, and have called to see if you would appreciate my character. I was at the battle of Gettysburg, and do not FOREIGN.-There are rumors of a hitch in the forming of the Tory cabinet. Social claim to have won the day all by myself.”.
Democrats are rendy for martyrilom in England. Civil war among the Crofters. In the “ Julia Ann! Give this brave and movest fellow all the cold victuals he can
ll bel sult al. London of Cyrus W. Field against James G. Bonnett, the sheriff's jury award
the plaintiff $25,00) damages. The defendant is coulemned to pay all the costs of the eat. He saved the day at Gettysburg, but doesn't like to admit it.”—Washington sut. The deaths in Librador and Newfoundland frons cold and hunger are estimated Post.
at fifteen hundred. There is serious trouble among the Crotters.
TUESDAY, JULY 27.
DOMESTIC.-- Important ovklence is given ngalust Spies and Schwab, the Chicago
anarchists. Canadian selectives are allegoil 10 have been watching the Chicago « What was the matter, Governor?”
anarchists. W. P. Pierson. Cashier of the Baptist Publication Society, Philadelphia, is “ That is of little moment," said the great philosopher, brushing a tear from
charged with embezzlemeni.mounting & $341,90). A negro wriman, engaged 10 prepare
a pionic dinner for a number of colorori people at Tatunii county, Georgia, kills a child, his eye; “but I paid too much for it.”
rolsts part of the body, und serves it. Tho polenickers discovor le atrocious act and burn “Wouldn't the blame thing blow or did it all bust up?"
the woman at a stuko.
CONGRESSIONAL.-The Senato spends most of the day in oxecutive session. The House
passes the N. P. Land Forleiture bill, and strikes tho Henneplo Canal out of the River
and Harbor), WHEN Mr. Boozle landed in New York from a Liverpool steamer the other
FOREIGN.-'Tho Tnglish Consorvatives hold an intuential gathering at the Carlton day, he gave every appearance of having had a long and severe tussle with the Club, whore arrangements are made for the coming session. The French Cable sbare. flowing bowl. A friend was on the clock to meet him, and when he perceived
Holders have risen against who ruling or the dirociors, and propose holding a general his condition he said:
meeting to cliscuss the present sale of affairs and the prossimilily of forming a new Board
of Director's. Tweuty persons were killed and many wounded during the rlot at "Are there water-tight compartments in your ship, Boozle ?"
Amstordam. Tho Croftors are still under army.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 28.
DOMESTIC. -A biltor feeling toward Mexico is predominant throughout Norlhorn Texas,
and the Cutting case is absorbing attention throughout the Sulo. "Gon. John B. Gordon You don't look as though a drop of water got into you during the entire voy
is nominated for Governor by tho (ioorgia Democra's. Further important testimony is
given against the nvarchists on trial in Chimyo). Explosion of a torpedo on ihe U. 8. age."— Texæs Siftings.
Steamer Tonnesso during i practico «rill causes some loss of life and comes near sink. Tie lover, a commonplace Mr.,
ing the ship. The President nominates Aivoy A. Allee, now Third Assistant Sucretary of
Slate, to bo Socond Assistant Secretary of State, vice William Hunter, docensed; JORII Much elated to think he had Kr.,
B. Moore, of Delaware, 10 bo Third Assistant Socrotary of Siato, and E. Spencer Pratt, of
Alabama, to be Miulsior Resident and Consul-Generai of tho Unitou Statos to Persia.
CONGRESSIONAL.–Both Iouses dovote the day to Appropriation bills.
FOREION.—The theater at Tinnoyelly, British India, destroyed by fre. One hundred
Hludoos are killed and many wounded. Further attempted riots are reported from Critic.
THE NEW SALISBURY CABINET. The general tenor of press comment on the new English ministry is indicated by the numerous extracts given below:
Various London Correspondents, July 31. G. W. SMALLEY, writing to the New York Tribune, calls it “a cabinet of makeshifts," and says that it is distinctly inferior in ability and political authority to the outgoing ministry. He criticises the members in detail. “ Lord Iddesleigh, as foreign secretary, is, confessedly, a weak appointment.” « Sir Michael HicksBeach, as Irish secretary, signifies nothing." “ Still more colorless is the selection of the Marquis of Londonderry as viceroy." “ Lord Randolph Churchill has now climbed, with a rapidity for which there are few precedents, nearly to the summit of his ambition. It is but a step from the leadership of the house to the office of prime minister. The city, which here means the financial world, views his accession to the chancellorship of the exchequer with a certain distrust. He is, or was, a protectionist, and has advocated, in times past, sweeping changes in existing methods of finance; but nobody doubts his capacity and industry, while his intimate relations with the Rothschilds are thought likely to sober his financial views. The Tory budget, like other Tory measures, must now be so framed as to secure the support of Lord Hartington and Mr. Goschen, both of whom are Conservatives in finance—the latter, next after Mr. Gladstone, being the ablest financier living."
Mr. Matthews, at the home office, is the greatest surprise of all. He is a Roman Catholic, with reported home-rule leanings, but his eminence is purely professional. He is a man of great resolution and vigor of character, who has his spurs to win in politics.” It is quite likely that a place will be found for Sir Richard Cross, though the appointment of Mr. Matthews is said to have been Lord Randolph Churchill's device for getting rid of Sir Richard. The Tories are already trying to conciliate the Parnellites, and, it is said, are ready to promise that, if the estimates are passed in August and Parliament allowed to adjourn till February, the ministry will employ the interval in devising benevolent measures for Ireland. The correspondent of the New York Times quotes a saying of Sir Wilfred Lawson, to the effect that the Tories and Unionists would get on very well together so long as they avoided the thorny subjects of politics and religion. This correspondent says that the members of Lord Hartington's wing of the Unionists are already greatly disgusted that the leadership of the house should have been given to Churchill. Mr. Chamberlain, on the other hand, is represented as plotting with Lord Randolph, and as being well satisfied with the situation. While it is admitted that nobody knows what Mr. Gladstone intends to do, the correspondent of the Times thinks that he will begin his opposition at once, and force the Tories to show their hands on the Irish question, whether they like it or not.
"A Member of Parliament,” writing to the Herald, thinks that Gladstone's day is over, and that he can never recover from the “knock-down blow" he received at the last election. This is an extreme view, not shared by other correspondents, who fully expect him to return to power. Justin McCarthy has little to say about the cabinet, except about the Irish appointments. He hints that Mr. Matthews is not likely to be popular, partly because he has not, in a political sense, earned his appointment, and partly because he once nised the Fenian vote to get himself elected to Parliament, and then forgot all about Ireland and her claims. Lord Londonderry is a descendent of the hated Castlereagh. He also once courted the votes of the home rulers. Sir Michael HicksBeach is considered “ merely a respectable mediocrity.” Mr. O'Kelly thinks that Lord Randolph Churchill will manage the administration, and that he will “make a bold bid for Irish support on a large measure of home rule, disguised under the name of local government.” He predicts that Gladstone will not give the Tories seven months of government free from parliamentary control, and that he and his followers will not consent to a prorogation beyond October.
Courrier des Etats-Unis (Ind.), N. Y., July 31.
[Translated for PUBLIC OPINION.] All the interest which attaches to the composition of the new English ministry, of which Lord Salisbury is the chief, is condensed in the four following names: Lord Randolph Churchill, chancellor of the exchequer; Lord Iddesleigh, minister of foreign affairs; the Marquis of Londonderry, viceroy of Ireland, and Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, secretary for Ireland. Outside of this group, which sums up the policy of the new cabinet, what is most significant is the absence of all participation of the Unionist members of the Liberal party, which separated themselves from Mr. Gladstone upon the Irish question, and who are, besides, all opponents of the Tory party. The thought which naturally arises in the mind is that such a ministry, without a majority and without a programme, has every possible chance of making a colossal fiasco. On the other hand, it is not possible to see greater reasons for success in the elements of which this ministry is composed, and which we have just indicated. It results from this composition, indeed, that
new government intends, above all, to give its attention to internal affairs, while holding itself in an expectual and conservative attitude as regards foreign affairs,
and that, in respect to the former, it will assume an energetic deportment toward Ireland. Lord Salisbury should content himself with what he has found in the Tory party, composed of unadulterated mediocrities, and from which he has made fruitless efforts to attract a few men of value to the casual conjuncture to which lie owes a “second-hand” success. The Liberals promise themselves an easy revenge for the defeat which their party has sustained upon the Irish question. Mr. Gladstone, it is said, far from being discouraged, is resolved to reopen the contest at once, and to prosecute it energetically during the whole session, which he will endeavor strongly to prolong up to the month of October.
Boston Journal (Rep.), August 3. THE three critical places in Lord Salisbury's cabinet are the foreign secretaryship, the office of chief secretary for Ireland, and the leadership of the House of Commons, which is coupled with the office of chancellor of the exchequer. The foreign secretary will have to slape and direct the policy of the government in such a way as to meet the schemes of Russia, which may at any time develop in a manner to call for prompt action and to make the loss of prestige the penalty of delay. The chief secretary for Ireland enters upon his duties at a time when the Irish people, disappointed for the present in their anticipations of home rule, are more than ordinarily sensitive and suspicious. There are old antipathies of race and religion, already dangerously active, which may break out in open revolt. Everything depends upon the aspect of the new administration, whether it wears the guise of a friend or a soe. As for the chancellor of the exchequuer, he will not only have to devise a budget which must bear the criticism of such a master of finance as Mr. Gladstone, but as leader of the House of Commons, and supported by a minority only of its members, he must have tact and discretion if he is to avert the overthrow of the ministry. When we consider the nature of the duties of these three offices, and then look at the men whom Lord Salisbury has selected to fill them, we perceive what excellent ground there is for the criticisms which are passed upon his work.
Boston Fost (Dem.), July 31. There is a disposition on the part of many American journals to believe that Lord Salisbury's Irish appointments mean a return to the regime of coercion, Such a conclusion is hardly justified by circumstances. In the first place, we have Lord Salisbury's own announcement of a forthcoming scheme for local self-government in Ireland—an announcement which no mere appointments alone should discredit. Again, it is evident that in the Marquis of Londonderry the Irish will have for viceroy an eminent nobody, with a pretty and popular wife, who can play an ornamental role and not attempt to interfere in serious affairs of state. Sir Michael Hicks-Beach is, it is true, no friend of Ireland; on the other hand, he has not force of character enough to become a dangerous enemy. He will probably be simply a bureaucratic puppet in the hands of the government at Westminster, and, is conciliation is decided upon, his own ideas of coercion will have to give way. As to the insult to Ireland of appointing a descendant of Castlereagh as viceroy, of which some of the correspondents make so much, it was probably wholly unintentional. In any case, the Marquis of Londonderry will be judged by sensible Irishmen more by what he himsell does than by what his kinsman has done.
New Yorker Staats-Zeitung, (Ind.), July 30.
[Translated for PUBLIC OPINION.) Of the individual appointments that of Lord Randolpli Churchill claims the most prominent notice. The career of this young politician, who, in everything, even that of being ridiculed at the outset, has taken as his exemplar the renowned Tory leader, Disraeli, with his appointment as chancellor of the exchequer, has reached a decided solstitial point. That Churchill, with all his many laughable peculiarities, has in him the material for a serious and skillful leader, he has already fully established in the first Salisbury ministry, where he filled the highly responsible office of secretary for India during the Afghan and Burmanese troubles in a manner worthy of the highest appreciation. Despite of this, the “mad-brained Hotspur" will encounter at the beginning of his new avocation strong prejudices, and sceptics who may characterize as “burlesque" his appointment as leader of the finance department, and with it of parliamentary affairs. These, with difficulty only, will be convinced that with the fire of youthful impetuosity he combines a wise and mature judgment.
Boston Herald (Ind.), August 3. THE dissatisfaction expressed, even by members of the Conservative party in England, at the manner in which Lord Salisbury has formed his ministry, is likely to increase rather than diminish as time goes on. A minority government is, even under the best of parliamentary conditions, an unsatisfactory form of control. The political partisans who are not in office can not understand why their responsible leaders consider it necessary to adopt a policy which is markedly colored by inertia and timidity, and demand a vigorous expression of party sentiment; while those in office are painfully impressed by the necessity of practicing conciliatory methods in order that they may continue to hold their parliamentary majority. Frequent exhibitions of the difficulties which minority governments encounter have been given in the experience of one or two of the continental nations, notably in
that of France, and from these one may form some idea of what Lord Salisbury Stuart Mill in the contest for Westminister, and a laboring man, a member of Mr. and his associates will have to contend with, even assuming that the composition Mill's committee, referred to the fact in a speech made aster the result of the of the ministry was in all respects satisfactory to the party.
election was declared. “Men of Westminster," he said, “you have digraced Philadelphia Telegraph (Rep.), August 2.
yourselves eternally. You have turned out the man that wrote the great papers
and the great books, and put in his place the counter-jumper who sold them." The suggestion that Lord Randolph Churchill is going to startle British pro. priety by formulating for the Salisbury government an Irish home-rule scheme is
Toledo Blade (Rep.), August 2. interesting, If anybody connected with the present British ministry is capable of The most important of all of Salisbury's appointments, by all odds, is that of doing a bold stroke like this in the Beaconsfield line, Lord Randolph is the man. Lord Churchill to the chancellorship of the exchequer. He has had no experiHe has the audacity and the unscrupulousness necessary for such a feat, and maybe he ence in the matter of financial management to speak of, and it seems a great risk has the ingenuity. As for Lord Salisbury, he has in the past had no difficulty in to place him in a position of such great responsibility, but he has succeeded so following just such a lead as Lord Randolph is now reported to be attempting; and many times when he was expected to fail that he may do so here. It is certain we should say that, as regards any scheme hatched by the scion of the house of that he is a man of ability, pluck, and courage. He has also an audacity which Churchill, it must be more a matter of pride and expediency with him than os princi carries him through difficult places. His education is limited, and he has few gifts ple, whether he will let Lord Randolph have whatever glory may attach to a serious of oratory, and yet he must possess some brains and great good luck or he could Tory attempt to settle the Irish question without bloodshed. Meanwhile, Mr. Glad never have made such rapid strides forward as he has done. The Liberal-Unionstone and his allies, to say nothing of Mr. Parnell and his following, must be ists will be especially chagrined by this appointment. watching the present movements in the Tory camp with very particular interest.
Newark News (Dem.), August 2.
THERE are some very remarkable features in the circumstances surrounding the HAVING given his relatives and friends good places in Salisbury's cabinet and appointment of Henry Matthews as home secretary under the Salisbury administaken the leadership of the House of Commons for himself, it would not be out of tration. A new man, wholly untried in political life, his appointment has been keeping with Lord Randolph Churchill's character if he should insist upon somewhat of a surprise all around. It is now intimated that the Queen suggested giving Ireland a measure of local government scarcely less adequate than would the appointment because she was charmed by his vindication, in the Crawlord have been afforded by Mr. Gladstone's home-rule bill. Lord Randolph is not only trial, of the sanctities of English home life. It is quite possible that this is the cora man of surprises, but of extremes. It would afford him pleasure to astonish rect solution of the matter, for her majesty picked out, at one time, an obscure friends and enemies alike by such a course is he is sure of success.
While the ap
clergyman, and steadily elevated him to the highest dignities of the Church of pointment of his cousin of Londonderry is at once a menace and an insult to Ire England, merely because he preached a very eulogistic funeral sermon at the time land at his hands, to make the representatives of the blood of Castlereagh of the of Prince Albert's death, Union the gift-bearer of its practical repeal would be to make this hated appoint
Omaha Bee (Rep.), July 31. ment contribute to his own popularity and add to the splendor of his achieve.
LORD SALISBURY has finally succeeded in filling up his cabinet with Tory repMontreal Gazette, July 31.
resentatives, and a botched-up piece of workmanship it is. Nothing more clearly LORD RANDOLPII CHURCHILL's assumption of the leadership in the Commons
shows the wretched timber in the party than the selection of what must be pre
sumed to be its best choice for the purposes of government. Sir Michael Hickswill certainly strengthen the government in debate. If not always the most dis
Beach, Bookseller W. H. Smith, and, worst of all, the landlord representative of creet of men, the chancellor of the exchequer can be wary when he likes, ard his courage will be a bulwark to withstand Gladstone's browbenting. Whether the
the landholding interest, Londonderry, as Irish viceroy. Lord Iddlesleigh gives contempt that he professes for the opposilion leader and ex-premier be sincere or
respectability, Randolph Churchill audacity, and Salisbury experience. The re
mainder are chiefly distinguishable for their absence of any marked quality, except not, it gives him a force in controversy which is lacking to those whose invective
obstruction to progress-political, social, and moral. is often checked by a sneaking regard for the character of the Grand Old Man. Neither Lord Iddesleigh, besore he left the House of Commons, nor Sir M. Hicks
New Orleans States (Dem.), July 30. Beach, nor any of the elder generation of politicians who knew Mr. Gladstone be
TAKEN all round, Salisbury's new ministry is a moderately fair one; but it is fore Oxford discarded him, could ever use toward him the freedom of speech open to the serious objection of not utilizing, by any means, the best strength of the which, with Lord Randolph, is a matter of course.
Conservative party, that it is ludicrously weak where it should and could have been New York Sun (Dem.), July 30.
strong, and that it is, undeniably, strong where strength is not a necessity. As to The outlook for Ireland could not well be more discouraging than it at present
the intentions of the government toward Ireland, little of a forecast can be drawn
from the personnel of the ministry, or the particular assignments to office; but the is, if the measures of a cabinet may fairly be predicted from the men composing
omission of Carnarvon from the list, and the allotment of Hicks-Beach to the Irish it. The men whom Lord Salisbury called about him in June of last year were much better fitted to reassure home rulers than those whom he has summoned to im secretaryship, are not an augury of much active benevolence of spirit toward that
country. portant trusts to-day. When the viceroyalty of Ireland was assigned to Lord
St. Louis Globe-Democrat (Rep.), August 2. Carnarvon, who lost no time in conveying to Mr. Parnell a distinct inpression that, personally at least, he would view with satisfaction the revival of the Dublin par COMPARED with Derby and Disraeli among recent chieftains, Churchill appears liament. Now, by an ominous coincidence, that high place is alloted to a Marquis mediocre indeed. He lacks the astuteness and magnetism of the latter, and he is of Londonderry, the unenvied representative of the title bought with the fou conspicuously deficient in the learning, dignity of character, and thorough knowl. services of that Viscount Castlereagh for whom the poet Byron composed a scald- edge of statecraft which gave the former such a leading place among British pubing but meet epitaph.
licists of his day. But there is reason to believe that he possesses at least one atNew York Tribune (Rep.), August 2.
tribute which distinguished Disraeli. No political convictions, however tena
ciously adhered to for a time, would be likely to restrain him from adopting any The only distinctively new man in the Salisbury cabinet is Mr. Matthews, the policy which promised to bring success and prestige to himself and his party. home secretary. The Queen has been credited with a large share of responsibility for this unexpected appointment. She is represented as having been charmed
Brooklyn Eagle (Dem.), July 30. by his vindication, in the Crawford case, of the sanctities of English home lise." TO MAKE the situation yet more absurd the leadership of the party in the House If the Queen requested the prime minister to make the selection on this ground, of Commons is transferred to the little terrier whose yapping Mr. Gladstone used her intentions were superior to her execution, for the new home secretary, accord to convert at will, with a single dignified pat, into the most ignominious squeaks ing to well-authenticated reports, has himself been a conspicuous figure in divorce
A House of Commons in which Lord Churchilloheads the ministry proceedings, in which, like Sir Charles Dilke, he has been a corespondent. His and Mr. Gladstone the opposition is a spectacle contrived very handsomely to sudden promotion to the cabinet may be considered a political reward for consum make an extended suffrage luclicrous. Between the boys and their grandmothers mate legal ability displayed in the Crawford case, but it is rather an ambiguous who constitute the present government of the Empire there will be plenty of fun vindication of "the sanctities of English home life.”
inade for the entertainment of the defeated democracy. Harper's Weekly (Ind.) for August 7.
Detroit Free Press (Dem.), July 31. THE poverty of the Tories is shown by the fact that Lord Randolph Churchill The true and far-seeing friends of Ireland feel that the fate of that country is seems to be the most important member of the party after Lord Salisbury. If now largely in the hands of that people. By governing themselves wisely in this Lord Randolph Churchill has the gifts of wise leadership and of sagacious and crisis, by restraining hatred, violence, and passion, they will wrest self-government practical statesmanship, they are yet to be proved. His elevation is the reward of
from the British government by the irresistible power of a public opinion satisfied faith, not of works. Meanwhile, the Liberals will maintain their separate organic with their capacity to exercise it. If
, in view of its importance, they cannot rule zation. Lord Hartington declines to join the ministry, or to give any pledge ex themselves now, the Conservatives would say, they prove what we have always cept that of friendly support. He is a Whig of " long descent,” and the Liberals
maintained in regard to their incapacity, once they were allowed the opportunity are more and more radical, and is in Liberal clubs the portrait of Jolin Bright to run riot and to get their hands free to cut throats. has been turned to the wall as that of a “lost leader," the party feeling would seem to be too hostile to all the anti-Gladstone Liberals to permit Lord Harting
Boston Transcript (Ind.), July 30. ton to resume his place in the party.
The Salisbury ministry exposes the intrinsic weakness in the point of statesman. National Republican (Rep.), August 2.
ship and leadership of the Tory party. Run over the newly-elected members of
the Ilouse of Commons and see how many of its most distinguished men are not It is an excellent reason for calling W. H. Smith to the war department “ that included among Salisbury's cabinet associates! The head and representative he controls all the railway book stalls in England.” In the last Tory administra spokesman of the government in the Commons, young Lord Randolph Churchill, tion Mr. Smith was secretary of the navy, but he never succeeded in making half has never yet really attained the dignity of being taken seriously by British public such reputation in that position as was afterward conferred upon him when he be.
opinion. Only in a passing gust of political passion could he seem for a moment came the hero of 11. M. S. “ Pinafore.” His money enabled him to defeat John / fii to succeed io Gladstone's station.
New Orleans Times-Democrat (Dem.), July 30.
Florida Times-Union (Dem.), July 3. WE ARE curious to see how Mr. Gladstone will deal with the new chancellor For the sake of power the Tory leader agrees to stultify himself on the Irish of the exchequer, who, in all debates on financial que will have to face, ill question and take his cue from Lord Hartington and the bolters. In this case the equipped as he is, one of the greatest financiers England has ever had. Mr. Glad caudal appendage oscillates the whole canine. Possibly poor Ireland may get stone, no less than Lord Randolph Churchill, is a master of invective, and some good out of the mesalliance of Toryism and Liberalism, but the pledge which there is every reason to expect that he will use every legitimate weapon of political Salisbury has made to “ rigorously enforce existings laws and apply for additional warfare. Whatever may happen, the debates of the new House of Commons are power, if necessary," does not encourage much hope in that direction. sure not to be dull, and they are equally sure to be as fiery as personal hatred and partisan passion can make them.
Buffalo Courier (Dem.), August 2.
With a courage that almost takes away the breath of the observer, Lord Randolph
Churchill has been given the exalted position of chancellor of the exchequer, which LORD SALISBURY's cabinet does not seem to suit his party at all. They don't carries with it the leadership of the House of Commons. A titanic laugh has gone like the prominent place Lord 'Randolph Churchill has in the cabinet. They are up from the world because of this audacious nomination, and yet who shall say that afraid the noble lord, in one of his fits of indiscretion, will smash things, and they Churchill may not prove a strong man in the position which he has garnered in have good reasons for their fear. He is liable to break out any time. However, the scramble? With all his noise he is undoubtedly a man of brains. the marquises, and dukes, and noble lords have arranged things to their own salisfaction, at least. In defense of their class and order against the uprising of the
Pittsburgh Times (Ind.), August 2. English democracy they will hold together as long as they can, but it can not be
THE Tories did not exult much when the returns of the last election restored them for a great while.
to power, and they are exulting even less now, seeing the government Salisbury has New York World (Dem.), August 3.
formed to exercise the power. To many of them it seems that Gladstone was
overthrown merely to make a holiday for Churchill. He has not only the leaderAs far as can be judged by the past, the honesty of Mr. Matthews' political ca ship of the party in the Commons for himself, but his relatives and personal followreer is on a par with that of his private lise. Elected to Parliament in 1868, on a
ers in positions where they will do him the most good. home-rule ticket, he gave vent to anti-Irish opinions as soon as he had secured his seat, and broke all the promises which he had made to his constituents. His
Kansas City Times (Dem.), July 31. career is an exceedingly interesting one, being full of uncertainties. Elected to RANDOLPH CHURCHILL won't smash the band wagon now and break up the the present Parliament on a Tory and Unionist ticket, who knows but what he show. Salisbury has given him what he was crying after. Many of the uninformed may soon blossom forth into a home ruler—nay, even, perhaps, into a full-blown had the temerity to suggest something about gall and wanting the earth when they Fenian?
heard that Churchill was reaching for the leadership in the house and the position Worcester Spy (Rep.), July 31.
of chancellor of the exchequer. But the young husband of Leonard Jerome's
daughter knew what he was about and got there. Tue Marquis of Londonderry is of consequence only by reason of his rank and wealth, both of which he inherited from the hated Castlereagh. Except for these
Toronto Globe, July 30. he would never have been thought os for the office. His ancestor's treason is not LORD SALISBURY may intend to try the policy of twenty years of coercion, and his fault, but his name is inseparably associated with the memory and odium of it the banishment of another million or two of the Irish people, and, should that be in the hearts of Irishmen. Putting him at the head of the Irish government is selt his policy, Sir Michael, dull, and cold, and unfeeling as he is said to be, may be by all patriotic Irishmen as an affront and a wanton insult. It shows either almost
found well fitted for carrying it out. Should Lord Salisbury find it necessary to incredible obtuseness, or a brutal disregard of the feelings of the Irish people. try a policy of justice and conciliation, he must send Sir Michael also to the House Indianapolis News (Ind.), July 30.
of Lords, and so put him out of the way. IIIGH-CLASS brains are scarce in the Tory party, and it must be remembered that
Indianapolis Journal (Rep.), July 31. Salisbury didn't want to form a government at all, but with the Queen endeavored The new home secretary in Salisbury's cabinet is Mr. Henry Matthews, Queen's to have Hartington do the job. So, with no clear party majority and a cabinet counsel, who so fearsully excoriated Sir Charles Dilke in the late divorce trial. He knocked together out of the best material he could get, he must be credited with may have to decide whether Sir Charles shall be prosecuted for perjury. In 1868 a courageous undertaking. If he will refrain from doing two things we will for
he was elected as a Liberal Conservative from Dungarven. He is a Roman Cathgive him the past, and they are, not to oppress Ireland nor the United States. He olic. He has not been prominent in English politics, and his present jump rather is as likely to do the latter under the Canadian trouble as the former.
astounds the slow-going Britisher. Detroit Tribune (Rep.), August 1.
Philadelphia Telegraph (Rep.), July 30. THE personnel of the new ministry is, on the whole, good; but there are some WHETHER Lord Londonderry was tendered the viceroyalty as an insult to the appointments that seem almost certain to lead to mischief. The designation of the home rulers, or whether the selection is a mere bit of Tory blundering, the fact rash and headstrong Lord Randolph Churchill as a leader in the House of Com that such a selection could possibly be seriously thought of illustrates most forcibly mons is far from assuring. If he doesn't precipitate his party into trouble by intem the mental attitude of the average British Tory toward Ireland, and the utter perate speech and action it will be because sericus responsibility has wonderfully inability of such people to understand any arguments dressed them by the Irish, sobered him. There are one or two other misfits in the make-up of the cabinet; except the argument of force. but, as a whole, it is as good as the Tory party can surnish.
Philadelphia Press (Rep.), July 31.
The cabinet is eminently a compromise cabinet. Not only is its position anomaSir Michael Hicks-BEACH, as chief secretary for Ireland, is especially objec lous in depending on the uncertain alliance of a body of men most of whom have tionable. Meanwhile, the attitude of the Parnellites bodes no good to the new gov opposed everything savoring of Toryism in the past, and who only promise aid on ernment, if Mr. Dillon laid clown their policy correctly in his address to the National a single question of the many that may arise, but this is further complicated by League Committee. It is, he said, “ to practically treat the Irish landlords as hostages vital dissensions within the party ranks, the pacification of which has resulted in for the good behavior of the English Tory government, coercion to be met by war general feebleness. against all rents.” The Tory government is, as ever, inclined to resort to coercion,
Savannah News (Dem.), August 3. and the Irish are more than ever inclined to resist it.
Lord SALISBURY is forced to consider, at once, a rather difficult problem--the New York Times (Ind.), August 2.
Irish question. If
adopt coercive measures the Irish landlords will asA PROTECTIONIST chancellor of the exchequer will be a novelty in the English sail him and his government, and if he does adopt such measures he is pretty cerHouse of Commons. Lord Randolph Churchill may recant, under the responsibili
tain to have serious trouble in Ireland to deal with. He will hardly get much help ties of office, the professions of protectionism which he made as a private member from his viceroy of Ireland or his leader of the House of Commons in solving his of the House. Mr. Labouchere was not much out of the way when he assumed difficult problem. that the aspiring Tory “regretted about two-thirds of his public utterances.” If,
Rochester Beral (Rep.), July 31. however, he undertakes to put protection in his budget, under the name of "fair
It is difficult to comprehend the motives of Lord Salisbury in making these trade,” he will have a vigorous backing.
appointments. Naturally the Irish leaders themselves construe them as a sign of New York Mail and Express (Rep.), July 30.
a revival of the old coercive policy. The Freeman's Journal says of them that MR. MATTHEWS is a Liberal, as his political history shows, and a home ruler,
they are “ominous of coercion," and warns Ireland to be on her guard. This as his own words prove. He desires that in the government and administration
warning comes none too soon nor can it be be too earnestly impressed upon the of Ireland the opinions of Irishmen should be “consulted and followed.” That is
Irish people. the crucial point. Home rule is not a geographical notion. It is the government
Galveston Nequs (Dem.), July 30. of Ireland in accordance with the views and wishes of the Irish people, just as LORD RANDOLPH CHURCHILL, as leader of the government forces in the House England is governed upon England's own sense of what is wise, right, or ex of Commons, will be certain to provide entertainment for the opposition. The pedient.
Irish contingent will be very likely to take special pains to make Lord Randolph The Irish World, July 31.
earn his salary and deserve his honors, and when the Irish contingent makes As for the Irish party their duty is clear and we have no doubt they will do it
nagging a feature of their parliamentary life, they manage to be very successful in bravely. If coercion is attempted they will resist it with all the energy and all the
that line. methods at their disposal. On the question of home rule they will listen to no
Brooklyn Times (Rep.), August 3. compromise. They will accept nothing less than what Gladstone offered them, The question is mooted whether Lord Salisbury will propose a land bill in the and in this position they will be backed by all Ireland and the Irish race all over coming Parliament without delay or wait until spring. It is thought that if no the globe, by a powerful party in Great Brilain, and by the sympathy of the world, relief is afforded, the suffering in Ireland will be intense, tenants can not pay their