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National Republican (Rep.), July 19. If the new extradition treaty proposes to surrender dynamiters who, having committed their crimes in a foreign country, take refuge here, it is all right. If, on the other hand, it proposes to surrender persons charged with dynamite conspiracies in this country, it is all wrong. It is our business so take care of offenses against our own laws. Crimes committed here must be treated here.

Washington Post (Dem.), July 16. That treaty, when it is an accomplished fact, will doubtless include both dynamiting and embezzlement within the list of extraditable offenses, so that England's most cowardly assailants need no longer seek refuge here for safety, nor our delinquent bank cashiers any longer seek shelter in Canada. It is none too early for such an arrangement to be concluded to the confusion of rascals.

Boston Post (Dem.), July 17. The need of a new extradition treaty with Great Britain, to cover the cases of dynamiters, is not at once obvious from this side. The use of dynamite to blow up buildings or kings is a crime sufficiently recognized already by our laws to render it certain that any request for the extradition of a fugitive who was engaged in that business would be most cheerfully complied with.

Cleveland Plain Dealer (Dem.), July 18. With the treaty signed there will be more security among bank depositors and stockholders in public companies, as well as more honesty in official places. And in newspaper offices orders may, perhaps, be given to “distribute” the standing headline, “Another Good Man Gone Wrong.”

reject the treaty as a whole, it will allow the anti-dynamiter clause to remain for the sake of securing the embezzlement clause.

Boston Transcript (Ind.), July 17. The best that can be done is to give Great Britian the right to demand the surrender of any persons who are charged with having committed dynamite outrages on British soil, and who have fled to this country for refuge. Such refugees could not claim with justice that their offenses were political; theirs would be crimes against civilization. An extradition treaty providing for their surrender would meet the approval of all right-thinking men in the country. As for the cowardly, blatant miscreants of the O'Donovan Rossa type, no treaty will cover their cases. And when Great Britain demands that we enact laws to suppress these conspiracies and plots ugainst her peace, she should remember that Lord Palmerston was swept from power in consequence of his attempt, after the Orsini incident, to pass a bill through Parliament making conspiracy to murder a felony.

Chicago Tribune (Rep.), July 17. The presence of the dynamitard in England, and his recent appearance on this side of the Atlantic, ought to operate as a strong incentive on both countries. It is a curious fact that, in spite of the contiguity of the United States and Canada, such a treaty has not been negotiated before; for it has long been as easy for a criminal to escape from either country to the other as for a person to pass from one State to another within our own boundaries. The absence of such a treaty is a premium upon crimes of a certain class. Under such a treaty we at least would be interested in depleting the American colony of bank cashiers and the like, now so rapidly growing up in the Dominion.

New Yorker Staats-Zeitung (Ind.), July 16.

[Translated for PUBLIC OPINION.) That the present alleged convention is capable of being much improved upon, and, indeed, not merely in reference to the nature of the crime, but also in the mode of procedure for the extradition of the criminal, is clearly enough evidenced, among other things, by the flourishing colony of American malefactors in Canada, on the one hand, and the not less honorable coterie of international delinquents in the United States, on the other. The recent cable intelligence from London, therefore, is presumably not without a very substantial background.

Brooklyn Eagle (Dem.), July 18. GREAT BRITAIN has no interest in making her territory a refuge for our crimi. nals; still less do we desire to shelter hers. We referred on Wednesday to the escape to Canada of a St. Louis cashier with $70,000 of his bank's money, and even while the lines were being written another knave was escaping from Nebraska with $100,000 of another bank's money. Let us, then, have a new treaty so wide and comprehensive in its provisions that the great scandal of the present state of things will forever be removed.

Chicago Journal (Rep.), July 16. It is not to be doubted that, without any treaty, an outlaw guilty of wholesale murder, or of an attempt to commit wholesale murder, by the use of dynamite, would be surrendered to justice by the government of any civilized country in which he might be found as a sugitive. But it is better that treaty stipulations should exist on the subject, that criminals of that class in either country may be assured in advance that they can not escape beyond the reach of the law.

New York Star (Dem.), July 18. It is said that the new treaty will make the return of the dynamiters possible. There seems no good reason why this should not be the case. All the traditions of both the contracting parties forbid the surrender of fugitives where offenses are merely political—that is, of those who have engaged in political conspiracy or rebellion. There is, however, nothing in this tradition to warrant extending protection to those guilty of murder and arson when no rebellion is going on.

New York Evening Post (Dem.), July 17. The objections are very much the same as those of the Central Labor Union to the police and the courts and Mr. Powderly's to the militia. The ends of the dynamiter, it will be argued, are generally good, although his means may now and then be open to criticism. He seldom tries to blow anybody up who has not done something which he ought not to have done, and then there is the old argument about the multitudes of people killed in war by kings and the like.

Courrier des Etats-Unis (Ind.), July 16.

[Translated for PUBLIC OPINION.) The induction drawn by our correspondent is that negotiations have been opened to substitute for the treaty of 1842, which has virtually fallen into desuetude, a new arrangement on a broader basis than the old, and which not only would cover, in a certain degree, anarchical conspiracies, but also would leave less facility to American delinquents to find in Canada an inviolable refuge against violations of criminal law and of justice in the United States.

Boston Journal (Rep.), July 19. We have been in the absurd position of closing distant and improbable avenues of escape, while we left the nearest and most accessible alien ter tory a place of refuge. In the interest of common honesty, not less than of international comity, it was important that this policy should be changed, and it is an occasion of congratulation that the negotiations begun under å Republican administration are about to reach a successful conclusion.

New York Sun (Dem.), July 18. No Class of criminals can be more hateful than dynamiters in the view of all right-minded persons, nor are there any criminals of whom a free courtry should more sincerely wish to be rid; but even the charge of this kind of crime should not avail to obtain the surrender of a revolutionary refugee, where politics and not dynamite is the real reason for which a foreign government seeks to get him.

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This country can deal with anarchists without assistance from England, and what the governing classes in Great Britain designate as anarchists are often very different indeed from what we would consider anarchists here. Such a treaty might be made an infernal instrument of oppression.—Ohio State Journal (Rep.), July 19.

It will be far cheaper to allow foreign governments to reclaim their fugitive miscreants than to shield them here until they have destroyed property, terrorized communities, and committed murders necessitating expensive prosecutions and the cost of maintenance of such a worthless brood.--Newark News (Dem.), July 15.

The American people, while heartily sympathizing with the Irish, can never approve the resort to dynamite or dagger. It is to the common interest of society and good government everywhere to suppress and punish the men of violent, heartless, and sutile methods.—Columbus, Ohio, Dispatch (Ind.), July 15.

IF a new treaty has actually been made with Great Britain, and it does not cover the cases of these big thieves, the smugglers and defaulters, then the men who drew it up oughi to be held distinctly responsible as abettors and accomplices of the criminals they protect.—New Haven Palladium (Rep.), July 17.

Both England and the United States agree that the acts of the socialist and anarchist are in no measure political, but simply criminal, which shows that the two governments have a common appreciation of these enemies of law, order, and good government.- Washington Critic (Ind.), July 17.

The reported revision, which is said to include the extradition of dynamiters, will prove very unsatisfactory if it does not provide for the extradition of the rascals who pocket the savings of other people and cross the Dominion line to enjoy the ill-gotten money.- Philadelphia Times (Ind.), July 16.

The alarming frequency of defalcations by bank officers in this country, and the unanimity and success with which they all fly to Canada, are reasons enough for the signing of a new and more comprehensive extradition treaty with Great Britain.— New York Mail and Express (Rep.), July 16.

This country will never agree to the surrender of any sugitive charged with a political offense. But murder or the fiendish destruction of property by dynamite or the assassination of public officers is not to be treated or regarded as merely a political offense.—New York Herald (Ind.), July 17.

The effect of such a treaty, however, could not be otherwise than beneficial, since the present facility with which punishment for certain classes of offenses can be evaded offers very strong inducement for their commission.-Richmond Whig (Dem.), July 17.

RECENT experiences point to the advisability of an improvement in the extradition laws spoken of, and if the treaty alluded to is not being negotiated, the report at least supplies a good suggestion to be acted on.

1.-New York World (Dem.), July 17.

PRESIDENT CLEVELAND will soon transmit this document to the United States Senate, and it is believed that it will be ratified by that body, and when that is accomplished defaulters and dynamiters will come to grief.— Milwaukee Wisconsin (Rep.), July 16.

The Evarts-Logan report is curiously interesting as the self-destruction of two Republican candidates for the Presidency. They begin by ignoring the facts, and go on with a dawdling misrepresentation of the case. Cincinnati CommercialGazette (Rep.).

WHERE killing is murder it should be extraditable. The difference between grades of homicide is a very fine one, but it is never really hard to separate the political offense from the merely criminal.—New York Journal (Ind.), July 18.

When it comes to swapping defaulters for dynamiters the United States will have much the better of the bargain in a business way.--Manchester Union (Dem.), July 18.

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laid away. To that fact the wonderfully rapid recuperation of the country after THE PANAMA CANAL.

the Franco-German war was mainly attributable. It is very likely that De Lesseps New York Tribune (Rep.), July 15.

may succeed in talking ready cash out of the Frenchmen, especially as in his

appeal to them he will have a “grievance" against the government, to urge which As the fact abou the withdrawal of the Panama Canal loan bill from the is always popular. Whether his appeal meets a sufficient response or not, such French Legislature are more fully known, the critical condition of the enterprise ndomitable pluck as De Lesseps shows deserves a reward. becomes plainer. It is now stated that the company was really forced to withdraw

Omaha Bee (Rep.), July 15. the bill by the discovery that the committee to which it had been referred was resolved to investigate the whole matter thoroughly. M. de Lesseps had been re

It is hardly conceivable that the French people can be played upon any further, quested to furnish copies of the principal contracts, together with a balance-sheet and it seems that the inevitable outcome must be the abandonment of the project showing the exact financial condition of the corporation. Neither of these requests

by the present company. Whether or not another organization can be effected to was complied with, but instead the bill was withdrawn under a pretext nothing continue the work is problematical, and in any event it is pretty well assured that less than puerile. It would be impossible to have produced a situation more dam the millions already expended will be an almost or quite complete loss to the subaging to the standing of the enterprise than thus results. The only rational infer

scribers, since a new company would hardly assume any considerable part of the ence from the facts, of course, is that the company dared not make a truthsul ex existing shares. The American capital involved in this enterprise is not so great hibit either of its finances or its contracts to a committee of whose subserviency it

that its loss would be alarming, and nearly the whole financial consequences of the had no guarantee. It is further to be inferred that when M. de Lesseps applied to

disaster would fall upon the French shareholders, and would undoubtedly be very the government for a loan he relied upon securing a committee which would be

seriously felt. The failure of the undertaking will also be a destructive blow to as wax in his hands, and that he at no time contemplated the possibility of having to

the same of M. de Lesseps. .make a frank statement of the condition of the undertaking. After this virtual ex

Providence Journal (Rep.), July 16. posure, it is incredible that the stock and shareholders of the canal can be induced

This relieves the French government from any responsibility in the matter, and to take up a six hundrea million franc loan in addition to the large sums already

if, after such notice as they have had, the people of France choose to invest their at stake and now plainly imperiled. It is not possible for M. de Lesseps to give

money in this speculation it will be their own business. Of course, the bonds will any guarantee that the canal will be completed with the new capital now asked

be worthless outside of France, and it seems almost incredible that they can be sold for. On the contrary, all the facts known go to show that it can not be so completed, and that is the new loan is subscribed it will only go to swell the enormous

there. When they are issued the rate of interest and the price they are held at waste already registered against the management. French credulity has helped

will suggest in part the confidence of the company in the speculative temperament M. de Lesseps to an extraordinary extent hitherto, but there are indications that

of the people. It is something gained that when the bubble bursts the unfortu

nate shareholders will not be able to taunt the government that it, even by implithe limit has at last been reached, and that the attempt to float the new loan will

cation or ind ction, continued its recommendation of investment. fail. It can not be believed that any of the great financial houses or syndicates will touch so shaky an affair. If it is to be floated at all it must be « worked off”

Chicago Journal (Rep.), July 17. on the French public; that is to say, on the small proprietors. In view of the late A PANIC of prodigious dimensions is predicted by public men in France as a revelations, however, and of the nearly hostile tone of the principal financial or result of De Lesseps' failure. The $120,000,000 put in the Panama scheme is gans, the probability of success in this direction is by no means considerable. It

absolutely lost. The money might as well have been thrown into the ocean. The indeed looks as though “ the beginning of the end” was in sight. A little more

collapse of so vast an enterprise and the total destruction of such an immense lifting of the veil

, a little more letting in of light upon M. de Lesseps financial amount of capital must have a tendency to shake to its foundations the entire and engineering methods, and a panic may be started which will give the French

structure of business and commerce in the country where the disaster occurred. government something graver to think about than the question of the Orleanist

Cincinnati Times-Star (Ind.), July 16. princes. As the crises approaches, too, the rats are sure to leave the sinking ship; all, that is to say, who have supported the scheme from without, through self-inter

M. DE LESSEPS repeats his marine story about the certain completion of the est, will hasten to clear their skirts of complicity in the great imposture, and the

Panama Canal in 1889. He counts on the stupidity of the French government whole burden of it will be thrown upon the chief adventurer and his colleagues.

and people to elp him along, and not unreasonably, perhaps, for there are indiIt is more and more matter for congratulation that the American investor has cations that more money will be forthcoming; but it is pitiful to see the old gennever had faith in the Panama Canal scheme of M. de Lesseps, though, of course,

tleman keeping up the role of deceiver, and impoverishing many of his too credsympathy will be felt for the unfortunate Frenchmen who have put their money

ulous countrymen. in this gigantic sink-hole. Chicago Tribune (Rep.), July 17.

A SIGN OF THE TIMES. M. DE LESSEPS is a veritable Mark Tapley, resolved to be jolly under the most depressing circumstances. The French government has thrown out the canal lot

The New Yorker Staats-Zeitung (Ind.), July 14. tery bill; years of time and millions of money have been exhausted with but little

[Translated for PUBLIC OPINION.) to show for it; no plans have yet been made for the most difficult parts of the en

No inconsiderable number of the members of the present House of Representgineering, such as the construction of the Chagres dam; it is uncertain whether

atives have declined a re-election, and it is worthy of remark, firstly, that chief the river can be controlled at all, and the best engineers in the world are doubtful whether the work can ever be accomplished. Still, M. de Lesseps cheersully issues

among them are men of established reputation and influence who have been long

in Congress, and whose re-election would not be difficult; and, secondly, that they his proclamation that “ despite all obstacles we shall march on," and the canal will

are all Democrats. In these are included, so far as can yet be ascertained, Barbe finished by 1889. The proclamation is accompanied by his proposition to issue

bour and Hunter, of Virginia; Throckmorton and Miller, of Texes; Lefevre, of additional bonds of the company, on “their own merits,” to the amount of $120,

Ohio; Mitchell, of Connecticut; Collins, of Massachusetts, and some half-dozen 000,000. To raise this amount will increase the bonded debt of the company to $364,000,000 and the total liability in stock and bonds to about $408,000,000.

others. The explanations of these gentlemen for declining to serve longer in There may be other Frenchmen as mercurial and sanguine as M. de Lesseps who

Congress run collectively in the same groove: they are tired of the public service, will invest in the bonds, but capitalists in cooler countries will demand some better

their private affairs demand their presence at home, &c. Wlience comes, all at

once, This satiety just at present, after the first session under Democratic ascendency, security than the simple “merits" of the enterprise, which appear after years of effort to be even slimsier than those of Eads' job. The latter has not yet com

where the same gentlemen, or part of them, remained in the House when under mended itself to any capitalists, save the confiding grangers who hold Uncle Sam's

Republican domination, or rather on the side of the minority ? In private con

versations they betray the true grounds of their disgust; they have had enough of purse-strings and don't hold them tight enough.

running the gauntlet of hungry constituents, and of wearing out their boots to Rochester llerald (Dem.), July 15.

satisfy their demands; they are disgusted with the roles of agent or attorney for THERE is probably little danger of any of the cart-loads of new bonds which employment-registry officers having been sent to Washington for no other purLesseps is to put out coming to America, for the people in this country are too wise pose than to subserve the interest of their districts; they would really like to to put any money into such a ditch as is being dug across Panama. Even though devote themselves to their legislative duties, but the demands which are made there may be faith in the ultimate completion of the canal, it is impossible to figure

upon them from home leave them no time for this object. Before, it was the a profit out of it. In this connection, we can present a paragraph from a recent

Republican members who made such complaints; now it is the Democrats. Only number of the Boston Commercial Bulletin, in which that paper clearly shows that a single Republican member of the present House has declined a re-election, and it can never be hoped to pay the fixed charges. “ The Suez Canal,” says the Bul this one a Californian, to whom life in Washington is not agreeable. Thus their letin, “ by its recently-published annual report, shows a profit of $6,805,754. Now, relative positions are now exactly reversed ; and herein is disclosed not only one it is beyond the reach of possibilities to suppose that the Panama Canal would for of the advantages of sitting with the minority, but also one of the causes of the parmany years to come earn as much as does the Suez Canal, and yet the interest liamentary force of the minority. The minority members need not so largely charges on the Panama Canal in its present incomplete state are $6,690,000, and

occupy their time with such menial service to their constituents, and for that the great bulk of the work is yet to be done. When the Panama Canal company reason they address themselves far more efficiently to their legislative duties. They has negotiated its proposed lottery loan its interest-bearing obligations will be about are not so exhausted by this system of allotment, and are consequently, better $290,000,000. On this sum the Panama Canal could pay less than one-fifth of one equipped for parliamentary combats. No wonder that many Democrats who are per cent., provided its earnings equaled those of the Suez Canal.”

carnestly desirous of devoting themselves to their Congressional duties are no New York World (Dem.), July 15.

longer in love with the position! Do these aggrieved representatives of the

people really deserve sympathy? So far as the idea prevails that a legislator is THE French people like M. de Lesseps. His mercurial temperament pleases merely the tool to procure for his district and for his constituents as much “pap, them. They know him to be energetic and have faith in his honesty and his as possible, it can not very well be withheld from them. But who is originally good luck. They know him to be a successful canal-digger and an able father. responsible for this system? No one else than the law-givers themselves, who They are much more apt than other nations to make investments on sentiment, cmploy the most unbounded promises as an electioneering expedient, most of them and nearly every small shopkeeper and artisan in France has more or less money contributing thereby to degrade the office of a legislator to the level that now

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disgusts them. And besides, is there not a want of courage in thus retreating put under martial law. When released he found himself stripped of authority and from a post of public duty, for the reason that it is invested with mendicants and General Reyes in full control. Rodriguez continued his march against the capital, starvelings? Can not a member of Congress, who resolves to surrender his place, but seemed to consider his purpose accomplished, and, in fact, was soon after apnot because his legislative duties displease him, just as well engage in a contest pointed by Reyes as federal alcalde of Lampasas, in the northern part of the against the latter? If beaten, to him the result is the same; he does enter Con State. The clue to this former series of events may possibly also serve for the gress it is true, but he retires with a better reputation than if he lowered his ensign demonstration now going on in Tamaulipas. There seems to be no doubt that an before the spoils politicians. He does a good work in helping to purify politics; agreement was made years ago between Diaz and Gonzalez by which, when the and besides, is not also certain that the spoils politicians in his district are stronger former was no longer eligible under the constitution to immediate re election as than the decent elements, even if the latter do not make themselves a tenth part so President in Mexico, he agreed to support Gonzalez, on condition of receiving in conspicuous as the former? If Congressmen who possess a sense of propriety suffi return the latter's aid for his own candidacy at the end of the term of Gonzalez. cient to be disgusted with the conduct of the spoils-hunters carry off the victory it This bargain was faithfully carried out, Gonzalez and Diaz successively becoming is really a gratifying phenomenon. If, on the other hand, they throw up their President. The former would undoubtedly have liked to renew this pleasant seehands in disgust, individuals will probably be sent in their places who are far from saw arrangement for the next election, but Diaz had formed other plans. His canpossessing this sense of propriety. The material of legislative constituencies would didate was believed to be his father-in-law, Romero Rubio, who also was his secrecertainly become daily worse and worse. The duty of a patriotic member of Con tary of state. At all events, it was obvious that he was not then disposed to forgress, then, is to give a notice to quit to the spoils politician, and not to resign, ward the claims of Gonzalez. The latter was all powerful in Guanajuato, of but again courageously to come forward as a candidate for re-election.

which little state he was governor, and practically controlled Guadalajara and

Nuevo Leon, while he was very strong in Coahuila, Chihuahua, Durango, ZacateSENATOR VEST ON LOG-ROLLING.

cas, and Tamaulipas, of which' last state he was a native, being born at Victoria,

its capital. Accordingly, steps were taken to remove partisans of Gonzalez from Charleston News and Courier (Dem.), July 16.

federal offices in these States, while the revolution in Nuevo Leon furnished the SENATOR VEST, of Missouri, gave a very interesting view of the inside workings

chance for a more thorough-going political work. In view of these events of six of the Senate in working up the river and harbor bills when he unbuttoned him

or eight months ago, it is suspected that the revolutionary movement now going on self, so to speak, on Wednesday, and described the character of the appeals made

in Tamaulipas has a relation of some sort to national politics. Exactly what that to him, as a member of the Committee on Commerce, by grave and reverend

relation is seems not yet to be fully explained; but a Galveston dispatch has asSenators having axes to grind and creeks to dig. These Senators, said Mr. Vest,

serted that “the hand of the government can be seen ”just as in the Nuevo Leon

revolt, and that, as in the former case, within two months Tamaulipas will be asked that appropriations should be put into the bill, not because they were needed, or because the Senators thought they were needed, but to ensure their own re

under military rule. Troops were sent to the scene of trouble by orders from the election. Combinations to secure such appropriations for such purposes have

national capital several days ago to aid in putting down an expected revolt, and been made, Senator Vest declared, in the present Senate, at this session, in rela

arms were procured by volunteers in Nuevo Laredo to assist in its defense against tion to the pending river and harbor bill. The plan is for a Senator to sell his

an expected attack. Fighting has been reported in the interior, with the revolu

tionists gaining ground, and moving in Nuevo Leon as well as in Tamaulipas. own vote for an appropriation, and to buy the votes of other Senators with the appropriations they desire in turn. They who so make a market of their integrity

While political machinations are thus believed to be at the bottom of the trouble, form a “gang,” and one “ cannot leave the procession » for fear of getting

one other possible explanation of it is found in the efforts of the general governleft. In order to secure his own share of “ the pork,” each Senator votes a leg,

ment to suppress smuggling on the Rio Grande, which have created ill-feeling or shoulder, or spare rib to several other Senators, and all are re-elected to con

among the lawless. The exact truth, however, can only be learned. when sometinue the same ignoble system. Senator Vest expresses the opinion that this plan

thing more is made known of the purposes of the insurgents. will endure to the end of time. Perhaps so; but it is a dishonorable, a corrupt, and a corrupting plan none the less, and no Senator is a faithful and honorable

THE ORLEANIST COLLAPSE. public servant who adopts it. If the practice is as general as Senator Vest intimates, moreover, the public will agree with the sentiment expressed by Senator

New York Sun (Dem.), July 16.
McMillan, as interpreted by Senator Butler, that “ the Senate is not capable of pre The events of the last few days in France have dealt the finishing stroke to the
paring a river and harbor bill," and will heartily approve Senator Butler's plan of hopes of the monarchical reactionists. It is well known that for years the Duc
placing the distribution of the appropriation for the rivers and harbors under the d'Aumale has been at great pains to win the good will of army officers, and there
control of the Secretary of War. It would be interesting, by the way, if the names was an impression in some quarters that an unflinching application of the recent
of vote-trading Senators and Representatives could be made public.

dynastic law in his case might excite dangerous commotions. It is plain, from
the defiant attitude which he at first assumed upon receiving notice of his removal

from the army, that the Duke himself considerably overrated his importance;

but to-day, as an involuntary exile in England, he is a good deal wiser than he Brooklyn Times (Rep.), July 17.

was a week ago. French Radicals have got at last a fearless and uncompromisTHE “ horizontal reduction" of the river and harbor bill is in reality a very

ing leader in General Boulanger, the present war minister. The Germans are simple affair. The river and harbor bill, like all bills appropriating money, must

watching him with apprehension and distrust, and the Royalists have cause to

detest and dread him. It was he who screwed up the courage of the Freycinet originate in the House. The present river and harbor bill was a rather lusty infant,

cabinet, which three months before had faltered and hung back, to demand the and its proportions were such as to excite an apprehension on the part of some people in Congress that an overturn like that of a sew years ago, in which Mr. Bliss

expulsion of the princes; and no sooner had the Senate reluctantly assented to and some others were swamped, might follow its passage. Of course, this reasoning

the proscriptive law than he put into instant execution the clause ejecting memonly occurred to Democrats, who, being responsible for the bill, would be held

bers of dynastic families from the French army and navy. Thereupon the Duc to account by the people for its bulky dimensions. The Republicans had no party

d'Aumale, in an indignant and dexterously worded protest, denied the right of interests to subserve, but a good many of them in the House voted against it on

the war minister to depose him from his military rank, asserting that the grade of the score of economy and because many of the items were unjustifiable. When

a general or officer was his private property acquired in the service of his coun

try, and of which the legislature could not constitutionally deprive him. This the bill reached the Senate it was generally felt that the total amount appropriated was too large, and that an effort must be made to cut it down. To cut out any of the

was bad law but good politics, for the remonstrance was well calculated to alarm items would not only have aroused a long and bitter discussion in the Senate itself;

many officers, who, though obeying the government for the time being, might be it would have rendered the disagreement of the House conferees practically cer

charged with preferring a different regime. General Boulanger, however, showed tain. So the device was adopted of cutting down the whole bill 25 per cent.

himself as supple and resourceful in parliamentary strategy as he is inflexible in

Το this there was but little opposition, only 14 votes being recorded in the negative

his Republican convictions. Without troubling himself to discuss the legal queson the amended bill to 41 in the affirmative. It was not a party vote, but as the Re

tion of legislative competence to wipe out military grades won by hard service in publicans control the Senate, they will be held responsible for the reduction, just

the field, he reassured the army as a whole, and held the princes up to obloquy as the Democrats will be held responsible for the original bill in the House. That

by showing to how limited an extent their nominal rank was due to merit. "In is fair and just. It was about time something was done to economize Uncle Sam's

the special case of D'Aumale he pointed out that all the grades conferred on him,

from second lieutenant up to colonel, far from being the progressive proofs of
money. The Democrats seem to be in a great hurry to spend it. Every department
of national activity shows the effect of their feverish haste to use up that surplus.

professional desert, had been given through sheer favoritism as decorative trap-
pings to the son of a king. If it was on services alone that the Duke proposed

to base an indefeasible title to military distinction, then the highest rank" that he

could claim would be that of subaltern, not that of general of division. Finding

the ground thus cut from under them, the Royalist deputies whined feebly that New York Times (Ind.), July 18.

the Duke's unwarranted promotion had but followed the custom of the times, to The rebellion which has broken out in the state of Tamaulipas, although still which the retort was obvious that French Republicans had improved upon those obscure as to its origin and purposes, seems to bear some resemblance to the one times and repudiated their traditions. Thus the fiery protest on which Monarchthat occurred last November in Nuevo Leon. In that disturbance, it will be re ists had counted to inflame the army proved a flash in the pan. General Boulanmembered, during the absence of Governor Garcia at the national capital, a pro ger met the challenge of his authority with a summary, order to the Duc d'Aununciamento was made by Manuel Rodriguez against the state authority of Nuevo male to quit France, and the latter is now cooling his hot head in the suburban Leon, then represented by Secretary of State Sepulveda as acting governor. Se shades of Twickenham. That this epilogue of the expulsion play has won over pulveda called upon the federal authorities for aid, and President Diaz, as bound the waverers and put the Radicals in high spirits is plain from the decisive vote by the constitution, promised to send military assistance. Meanwhile, Sepulveda, of confidence passed by the Chamber of Deputies after a debate upon the course with a few followers, quitted the state capital, Monterey; but, being attacked by pursued by General Boulanger. When the anti-dynastic law was passed the other the revolutionists, after a slight skirmish made his way back, and then received the day, some conservative Republicans voted with the Monarchists, but now the lat. promised intervention of national troops under General Reyes. It proved, how ter could muster but 180, or less by at least 20 than the tale of their own numever, a peculiar sort of assistance, as Sepulveda was at once arrested and the state bers in a full House.




was the old General's favorite child, and that when she became the wife of Mr. SOCIOLOGY.

Sartoris he was not without his misgivings. The intelligence of her unhappy experience is brought by a relative and appears authoritative. The condition of

Mrs. Sartoris at her home with her husband's father in England is described as: MARRYING FOREIGNERS.

most humiliating. She is treated as a poor relation, and is not permitted to mingle

with the other members of the household, but even takes her meals alone. Her The marriage of American heiresses to European aristocrats is by no means

husband she has not seen for several years, and he has not contributad a penny to That there are dangers peculiar to such unions is obvious. Sometimes her support, but for the clothing of herself and children she is obliged to depend the misfortunes resulting from them become inatters of public interest because of upon the bounty of her relations at home. Doubtless nothing but pride induces her the high social position of the contracting parties. just at this time the historian

to continue this life of sorrow and mortification. The splendor the Sartoris-Grant of current events chronicles that a marriage of this kind has turned out disastrously,

wedding will be remembered. The General was then at the height of his fame.

He was one of the most conspicuous and honored figures living. The festiviand it becomes the duty of the collector of “public opinion ” to faithfully reject ties attending the nuptials were far more splendid than those attending the recent the thought of those who write and speak on the subject, and to collate and present marriage of President Cleveland. Young Mr. Sartoris was supposed to be a great “public opinion” concerning the unhappy event.

catch in a matrimonial way–rich, blue-blooded, and a man of quite brilliant pros

pects. Since then a great many things have happened. General Grant, the THE recent revelations of domestic infelicity in the Sartoris family have victim of Ward's rascality, is dead of a broken heart. His family are scattered, been noted with regretful sympathy by thousands of people in this country and some of the members leading an obscure and precarious existence. The to whom the marriage of the late President Grant's daughter at the White promising Mr. Sartoris is reported to have turned out dissipated and reckless-exHouse gave only passing concern. At that time winsome Nellie Grant was

travagant on the turf and dissolute in his associations and caring so little for his a sort of national pet, and the young Briton who won her hand was universally wife and children that he never sees them. A dreary experience shows that these voted a lucky fellow. The youthful couple sailed away on a sea of good wishes, foreign matches of American young ladies rarely turn out happily. An occurrence and the people turned to other objects and topics of interest. The young matron the other day throws a light on some of the other causes. Miss Adele Grant, the was not forgotten in her English domicile, but the interest attaching to her career beautiful New Yorker, broke her engagement with Lord Cairns—the hero of the was no greater than that manifested for other children of General Grant. It was Fortescue law suit-because the latter applied to have his debts paid before entertaken for granted that all went well with her, and until the distressful conditions ing upon the new relation. The cold blooded assurance of a demand of this sort attending the last year and a half of the veteran's lise became clearly defined to shows sufficiently what an experience was before the young lady had she complied the public eye there were but few who suspected that the most conspicuous Amer with the request of her noble suitor and carried out her engagement-shows, in ican girl who had contracted an international marriage was perpetually humili. short, what a lucky escape she made. While the marriage of Mr Sartoris and ated and thoroughly unhappy. And this, too, in a home where she should have the daughter of General Grant was not one for money, present or prospective, the been recognized as among those whose comfort was first to be considered. The General not having been at any time a very rich man, there was the mutual influpublic interest in the Grant-Sartoris wedding, aroused at first by the gorgeous char ence of a certain prestige in the alliance. Mr. Sartoris doubtless felt that someacter of the attending ceremonies, which in their elaborateness partook of the thing was added to his dignity by taking to wise the daughter of so distinguished a nature of an affair of state, has been kept alive through a dozen years by the dis

personage as Grant, and Miss Nellie Grant, and possibly her mother, thought it tinguished position of the parties, the gossiping reports of chroniclers of English was no objection to Mr. Sartoris that he was a member of an old English familysociety, and a lingering feeling that the nation had assumed a half-way responsi if not exactly a man of title, at least one of substance and standing. Going away bility for the match. It is, therefore, quite probable that the rumors of neglect, of to live in a strange land with a stranger is a hazardous experiment for any girl

. humiliation, and of isolation that have become the portion of General Grant's Mrs. Sartoris is only one of the many who have sadly realized the perils of such a daughter have excited positive indignation wherever her pitiful story has become step.-—The Baltimore Daily News, July 17. known. The details do not greatly vary from those of other cases of similar

House room and food grudgingly given; herself and her children pensioners upon her mother for all else; the husband always absent, spending his time and money among companions of his own kind—these are the half lights of a domestic picture whose shadows are utter despondency, and where the brightest light is but a faint gleam of unreasoning hope. This is by no means a situation to commend itself to the American girl tempted with prospects of a foreign alliance,

Go FISHING.–Our advice to everybody is to go fishing. If we can not do any. and there are many reasons for considering that it is not altogether exceptional.

thing else by way of amusement, we can at least fish, or try to-man, woman, and There have been of late years a number of marriages between Europeans and

child. If we can not fish far away from home, we can find fishing near it. If we young women of this country in which the social position of the bridegroom has

can not fish for trout or salmon, we can fish for dace or perch. led common fame to designate the match as altogether brilliant and advantageous on

In Chicago, hundreds of people go, every day, to some one of the various piers the part of the American. In all these instances there has been a distinct sur

jutting out into the lake, to fish for perch, and few come home empty-handed. render to chance of all the elements that make existence enjoyable. The social

Their tackle costs but little, their catches make many a good meal, and, what is life of Europe, with mail traditions, its almost patriarchal methods, its

better than all, the exercise and exhiliaration of the spirits thus afforded are of practice of deferring to the head of the family in all things, and its supreme devo

priceless value, in any view we can take of the subject. It is this particular phase tion to conventionalism, presents only a series of pitfalls to an American young

of the sport, the contribution it makes to our general stock of health and happiwoman. Her risk of domestic unhappiness is only heightened by the quick sensi


that counsels us to write about it, and impress the reader with its valge. bility and impulsive manner that among her own people lend additional charm to

There are many reasons going to show that, while angling is among the earliest each wayward movement and every trick of utterance. Unless experienced in the

and most ancient of the arts, the love of it is implanted in our nature, and it is, habits and customs of the transatlantic world, the girls of this raw and inchoate

therefore, a natural-born inheritance of the human family. The earliest of the Republic are likely to find incurable disappointment in foreign alliances, where all

poets and prophets have made it the theme of song and praise. Every child who seems from a distance to be glittering with the golden trophies of happiness.

has a spark of healthy animation in its little soul takes to fishing as spontaneously Having fallen upon such an evil fate, what recourse is left for the neglected woman

as a duck does to water. No one has described so well this early proneness of the to whom self-respect is the immediate jewel of her soul? When it was suggested

human heart to this, the earliest of pastimes, as Professor Wilson, in “His Sportby the Grant family that Mrs. Satoris should separate from her husband and return

ing Jacket.” We can make room for only a single one of his inimitable pictures to America, the answer was an instant, peremptory, and conclusive negative.

on the subject : Evidently the neglected wise still dreams and believes that in some way the

“There the new-breeched urchin stands on the low bridge of the little bit burnie; estranged husband will be brought back to his allegiance and the old love revived.

and, with crocked pin baited with one unwrithing ring of a dead worm, and alSuch a thing would be impossible with the broad Atlantic rolling between them;

tached to a yarn thread his rod of the mere willow or hazel wand—there will he and so, like many another woman whose heart is wrung by persistent neglect, she

stand during all his play-hours, as forgetful of his primer as if the weary art of waits and watches for the miracle that may never happen. If she has in effect

printing had never been invented, day after day, week after week, month after lost her husband, at least she will not become an object of sympathy and com

month, in mute, deep, earnest, passionate, heart-mind-and-soul-engrossing hope of miseration among those who have known her for a lifetime. The feminine habit some time or other catching a minnow or beardie! A tug--a tug! With face of mind which conduces to and virtually compels the adoption of this course is a

ten times flushed and pale by turns ere you could count ten, he has at last strength, characteristic of the sex. All recognize its existence, but nobody argues against it,

in the agitation of his fear and joy, to pull away at the monster. And there he nor is there ever fault found with it. The prodigal rarely returns; yet none the lies, in his beauty, among the gowans and the greensward; for he has whopped less do the weary yet faithful eyes watch longingly for his coming in the hope that

him right over his head and far away—a fish, a quarter of an ounce in weight, patience will at last be rewarded. Women are optimists by nature, and many

and, at the very least, two inches long! American women who are wives in Europe have proved that the development of

There is so much variety to the sport, and it is so easy to find, in our day, that this feminine characteristic is not checked by republican institutions and social there is no excuse for not indulging in it, to a certain extent, on the part of anycustoms.-Philadelphia Press, July 18.

body. In this respect, fishing is becoming radically different from hunting, which, The announcement of the approaching marriage of another young American journeys, and many patient days of toil and trial

. But fishing is, as we have said,

to be enjoyed in anything like its old-time condition, requires time, money, long society belle to a foreign nobleman, and the great preparations for the wedding, in some shape, within the reach of every one.

Not that every one can become an comes simultaneously with a description from a good source of the unhappy fate expert angler, or that angling

of the highest kind is not among the highest kind of of General Grant's pet daughter, Nellie, in the Sartoris family. The two circum

pursuits. °Far from it. What we mean to say is, there are infinite degrees of exstances meet with sad points and contrast. Rumors have prevailed for several cellence in this old art or science of the angler; and that, while there are few who years that the marriage of Mrs. Sartoris had proved unfortunate, but they were, for may not do something in it, there be very many who, strive they ever so industriobvious reasons, discredited. The immediate family were not disposed to throw ously, can never hope to attain anything but a measured proficiency in it. any light on the matter, which, although in some respects of a private character,

But, to one and all who indulge in the sport, we say, they will reap their reward, had yet a deep interest for the American people. It was remembered that Nellie a reward not to be measured by the number of captures they make, but by the

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health-giving and health-restoring qualities of the pastime itself, than which no other effigies in stone lying cross-legged in any one of the forty or fifty little churches in the whole catalogue of human enjoyments affords such a variety.

you discover scattered over the valley of the Trent as you stand on the summit of In the first place, it takes one out of the house, an item of no small moment, as the sandstone hills here—these men of the sword brought back more signs so many of the pastimes at the present day confine to indoor life, and are only to of a higher civilization than plowing and reaping implements; they brought be enjoyed in the dust, and smoke, and stir of great cities or towns. In the next back, among other things, Venetian laces, French and Spanish; and it was place, it takes one out of oneself, out of the cramped atmosphere of one's own then that these weavers at the mouths of caves began to make Venetian thoughts, away from the cares and distractions of business lise.

lace and Spanish lace, and so on for the ladies, and gentlemen, too, at It is on the bosom of the sea or of the great lakes, or along their shores, or by the court. So, you see, this industry here has had a solid foundation. There breezy river, or willow-skirted stream, or noisy brook, that the angler finds his nat are lace-makers in Nottingham who claim that their ancestors of a thousand years ural rest and occupation, far enough removed from the busy haunts of his fellows ago were lace-makers there on the sandstone banks of the Trent. Of course, everyto get rid of the foul atmosphere too often engendered morally and physically by thing now is done by machinery here. As you approach this city on a hill you see their herding together.

thousands of lofty chimneys. A cloud of smoke and steam, not heavy and offenEvery genuine angler ought to drop all care and concern the things of this sive, like Birmingham or Manchester, however, hangs perpetually over this very lise the moment he drops his line into the water. He ought to, and does learn to, wealthy and most prosperous city of lace-makers. As you get out of the live in a different element, in which he sees, in imagination at least, swarms of car you see hovering about the station, or passing about here and there, other inhabitants, ready to seize his bait, and grapple with him in the fierce con many and many a black-eyed girl, making it a perilous stopping-place for test for victory. It is this glow or illusion of the imagination which lends to fish a Californian with a heart in him. They are lace-makers, and their numing much of its charm, and, we may add, gives to the angler much of his reputa bers reach to nearly a hundred thousand. They are beautiful to a degree. tion for drawing the long bow, for he is always ready to swear the fish he lost was They have dark and wondrously brilliant eyes. They are children of the anthe biggest of the brook; and this is true, in a certain sense, since he saw, in his cient and unconquered black Britons, who wadded into the sea to receive the mind's eye, this big fellow swimming, with thousands of others nearly as large, way invading Romans on their lances. Ah! beautiful black-eyed and wonderful little down in the liquid depths.

weavers of lace in Nottingham. I pause here and wonder if I have been really Then, again, the true angler walks, walks miles, perhaps. Often he wades in not lying to myself all the time when I said it is the memory of Nell Gwynn, Robin mid-stream, with the water up to his waist; and, if a trout-fisher, he travels miles Hood, Lord Byron, and all the rest that keeps my heart in Sherwood Forest? Dear, and miles in search of his wary prey, with no more thought of cold, wet, fatigue, or dark-eyed weavers of lace, surely there is no shame in being woven in such deliother exposure than the hound, with the inspiring scent of fox or stag tickling his cate webs as yours. And even if there is, I am not the first idle fly you have nostrils and urging him on to new trials of speed or strength.

caught, pretty and industrious weavers. And if human nature holds, I can safely Here, after all, is the angler's true benison. Out of this cup of a day's, a week's, set it down that I will not be the last.- Joaquin Miller, in the Independent. or a month's fatigue (the longer the better) he quaffs a refreshing cordial. Out SENOR CASTELAR.—Castelar is known throughout Europe as really the most com. of that thistle danger he plucks the rose safety. No better friend has any man in plete expression of Spanish eloquence. He carries his worship of form almost to this world than labor and trial—especially the labor and trial met in a pure almos idolatry; his eloquence is music, his diction the slave of his ear. He says, or does phere and consorted with such a pastime as fishing.

not say a thing; or, rather, he says it better in one sense than in another, according as “It is not harsh and crabbed, as dull fools suppose,

it rounds or does not round a period. He has a harmony in his mind; he follows, But sweet as 18 Apollo's lute."

obeys it, and sacrifices to it all that offends. His periods are strophes; it is necesTry it, every one who can. Forget that money is to be earned, or, if you can, sary to hear in order to believe that human language without poetic measure can thus that earning money is the chief duty of man. Seek out some favored locality, with approach the harmony of poesy and of song. He is more the artist than the polirod and line, and spend a day or a week there. If the day or week thus spent is tician; he has not only the genius but the heart of the artist—the heart of a child, judiciously repeated a few times a year, we will promise, even if a confirmed in incapable of enmity or of malice. In all his speeches there is not to be found an valid, a new lease of life, a larger return in good health for the outlay in time abusive epithet; in the Cortes he has never provoked a serious personal encounthan can be got through any of the various modes and processes by which health ter; has never recourse to a satire, nor ever makes use of irony. Into his most is sought to be restored, except through the kindred practice of hunting.

violent phillipics he never infuses a drop of gall; and this is evidence of the fact Enter into the pastime in the right spirit, and you may be sure of the reward, that, a Republican, an opponent of every ministry, a journalistic gladiator, the perbut

go at it with at least as much energy and enthusiasm as the votaries petual accuser of whomsoever holds power, and of all who are not fanatical for of other pleasures manifest in their respective quests; and this you can well afford liberty, he has made himself hated by no one. And, with all this, his speeches to do in consideration of the value of the prize.The American Field.

are enjoyed and never feared; his language is too beautiful to be terrible, his charLIFE IN THE CITY OF LACES.—Should you sail out of the Bay of New York in acter too ingenuous for him to exercise a political influence. He does not know early June for Liverpool, you would find a dozen or so pert, shrewd men of leis how to sence, to plot, to trim his sails—he is fitted only to please and to shine. His ure, of good-breeding and apparent fortune, among your companions or fellow eloquence when greatest is tender; his most beautiful discourses draw tears. For voyagers, going directly to Nottingham, Notts, England, to buy laces. Every great him the Chamber is a theater; like a political improvisatore, in order to have a New York house in this line sends out a special purchaser annually. I remember full and calm inspiration he must speak at a certain hour, upon a determined point, crossing over with a man who was making his twenty-sixth voyage. The voyage and with an allotted time of liberty to himself. For this reason, the day on which was made notable and was a subject of comment, because this time he was going he is to speak he has an understanding with the president of the Chamber that his over free of cost, it being the custom of the ship's company to carry free, and as turn will come when the galleries are most crowded and all the deputies are in often as he may please, any one who makes so many as twenty-five voyages on that their places, his own paper announcing his speech the evening previous, in order line. And these lace-buyers get large salaries. From some sufficient reason they that ladies may be able to provide themselves with tickets. He has need of this must not only be shrewd and well-informed men, but they are supposed to be gen

excitement. Before speaking he is uneasy and can not remain still for an instant. tlemen. Some of the great houses keep resident purchasers in Nottingham. The He enters the Chamber, leaves it, re-enters, turns to go out, takes the round of the trade is something colossal. For here you buy not only all kinds of English lace, corridors and library, where he turns over the leaves of a volume-in a word, he but you buy French lace, Spanish lace, and Venetian lace. And there is no de is in a fever of excitement. It seems to him as if he could not utter a syllableception about the sale of it there at all. The Government of England would not that he must excite ridicule and be hissed. In his mind no longer remains a single allow that. But these goods are made in imitation of Venetian, Spanish, or French lucid idea of his speech; everything is confused ; everything forgotten. “ How is laces, and are so sold. The fraud, if fraud it is, occurs on this side. Nothing in your pulse ?” his friends inquire of him, with a smile. The supreme moment the history of all the industries of the earth is more curious or notable than the arrived, he springs to the floor, with head bent, pale and trembling, like a criminal soundation of this tremendous business here in what was once the home of Robin about to be executed, resigned to lose in a single moment the glory acquired through Hood, and where his games were celebrated for centuries after his death ; and, in so many years, and with such indefatigable labor. At this instant, an enemy even deed, till suppressed, because of their increasing violence, by the government. would compassionate his condition. He rises, throws a rapid glance around him, This great industry here began in this way: There is or was, originally, a long, and speaks : “Señores!” He is safe; his courage is restored to him; his brain is high bank of very soft sandstone on the north bank of the river Trent, pointing to again unclouded; his speech rearranges itself in his mind like a long-forgotten the sun. In this sost sandstone the early Britons dug caves. They dug them deep and melody. The president, the Cortes, the galleries disappear; he sees only his own wide and wonderful in construction. It is said that even now the city of caves gestures; hears only his own voice; feels but the irresistible flame that enkindles under the ground is almost as large as the broad and populous city on top of the force of his own matchless eloquence. It is beautiful to hear him say of himground. In case of invasion or conquest, these cave-dwellers would retreat under self: “I do not see the walls of the apartment, even.

I behold distant lands and ground and defy pursuit. It is the boast of the people of Nottingham that their peoples which I have never seen before.” He speaks for hours together, and not ancestors were never really conquered by any one. It is said that William the a deputy leaves the hall, not a voice interrupts, not a movement distracts him. Not Conqueror even diverted the Trent and threw it against the mouths of these caves, even when he violates parliamentary rules has the president the courage to intertrying to drown them out like rats. But they remained in their caves, all the time rupt him. Clad in robes of dazzling whiteness, and crowned with roses, he portrays

And whether the story is true or not, the Trent still flows in an old and at will the image of his republic; and Monarchists do not venture to protest, for artificial channel, when its waters are high, close along the base of the great sand thus arrayed, they even find her beautiful. Castelar is lord of the assembly. He stone mountain, which, to this day, is pierced with holes that are said to be endless. flashes and fulminates, scintillates and beams like a feu d'artifice; he provokes a It is even claimed that you may make your way all the distance of four smile or he calls forth enthusiastic shouts, ending in the midst of an outburst of miles to Newstead Abbey underground. And this, you can readily under applause, and vanishing from the Chamber with his head in the clouds. Such is stand, is why Robin Hood and his “Merrie good men” were enabled to die in this famous Castelar, professor of history in the university, a most prolific writer their beds, or rather in their caves, instead of on the gallows. The weaving of on politics, art, and religion, a publicist who draws from American journals ten laces came about here in this way: The half or wholly savage women sitting at thousand dollars yearly; an academician, unanimously elected by the Spanish the mouths of these caves and holding their threads against the sun with the dark Academy, pointed out in the thoroughfares, fêted by the populace, loved by even ness behind them could see the fine threads better, and so could do finer and better his opponents; a young man, polished, generous, a little vain, and a favorite of work than any other women in Western Europe. And then their immunity from Fortune.- Translated for Public Opinion from the Italian of Edwara's Amices. conquest and consequent uninterruption in their peculiar industry fastened it here GEN. BOULANGER'S DUEL.--The conventional French duel forms an excellent and kept it well forward. The Crusaders-brave old savages, you see their crude model for imitation by lovers of the "code" everywhere, and its adoption, where





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