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MUSIC.

will be carried on, instead of being distributed among three or four theaters as in
the preparations for last season. -Long Branch, it has been decided, is to have

a very handsome theater, large enough to seat a thousand persons, and tastefully THE LEGAL DEFINITION OF MINSTREL.-In a recent decision in one of the New

decorated. It will be used also as a ball-room and concert-room. -The recent York City courts, the following appears :

“ The appellant's counsel

visit of Mr. Henry Irving to Oxford University was marked by notable demonstraCraces to their origin what were known as minstrels, insisting that they were “strol

tions of respect. Everything Oxford could do to honor the actor was done save Ling singers and musicians, wandering about the country, and not to be con

giving him a degree. He was for three days the guest of the Vice-chancellor, the Founded with the musicial artist or with the performer in an orchestra having a

idol of the students, and the center of attraction for all Oxford. There were fifExed abode or domicile. Even if the test of difference between “minstrelsy'

teen thousand applications for tickets to hear his admirable lecture on dramatic art, and musician’ was that one strolled and the other stayed at home, that one was

which the three thousand present listened to with delight and cheered with envagabond and the other a citizen, it is certain that the word “minstrelsy' has

thusiasm. The undergraduates presented him with an address. -Mary Anderacquired a much wider meaning and is used in the statute in that broader sense.

son's physicians in England have advised her that a year's rest is absolutely necesThe act of 1862 was confined 10 ónegro minstrelsy,' a phrase which designated a

sary to the restoration of her health, which has recently been poor. -Mapleson nown and specific kind of musical entertainment, and so made that and the opera

announces a season of opera with Patti next winter, opening in New York on Janhe subjects of license regulations to the exclusion of what may be called concerts.

uary 2d, and afterward visiting the principal cities, reaching San Francisco in April. But by the act of 1872 the word “negro' was dropped and the word “minstrelsy'

-Persons who pretend to know say that Edwin Booth will retire from the stage

at the end of next season. urposely left to its broad and general meaning without any qualifying or restricive expression. It was as if the legislature had declared that instead of limiting ne regulation to one sort or kind of “minstrelsy' it should thereafter apply to all orts and kinds without limitation.”

LITERARY NOTES.—A continental critic has defined the musical characteristics of the peoles of Europe. To the Englishman, he says, music is a farce; to the Frenchman, pleasure; to the German, an object of culture, and to the Italian, a necessity. SUBSCRIPTION BOOKS AND THE TRADE.—There is a great hubbub in the book "he summer season of opera in Washington has been marked with unprecedented trade because a Philadelphia retailer is selling “General Grant's Autobiography" access, and so popular has the McCaull company proved itself, that standing room at twenty per cent. less than the price which the publishers of the book assure their nly has been the invariable rule since the opening night. -The attempt to or

patrons is the lowest figure at which the work will be offered. The less the pubanize branches of the American Opera Company in various cities of the larger lishers say, however, the less the “subscription book” business will suffer. The ass has proved successful. To Mrs. F. B. Thurber, of New York, belongs the rule-to which we admit the Grant book is a pleasing exception—is to make a edit for this enterprise, and she has devoted both her time and purse to the work book, sold only by canvassers, fully twice as bulky as its materials justify, and then r several months past.At a recent festive gathering at Lord Rothschild's clap a double price upon it, although the cost of the extra paper and binding does ondon palace, Patti sang three songs and joined in a duet, and for these she re

not exceed five per cent. of the fictitious valuation. The discount to the canvassived a fee of $1,500. Patti is henceforth to be known as Madame Patti-Nicolini. ers is then made so large that any fellow, who is not overloaded with conscience, -The Keynote says there is no truth in the absurd report that Rubenstein con can sell at the ordinary trade rates to booksellers and still reap a handsome profit mplates a professional tour in this country under the auspices of Herr Conried,

for himself. When the true inwardness of the business becomes known, the only te of the Casino. -Madame Patti's first appearance in public since her mar

people who buy books of canvassers will be those who do not read the papers, age with Signor Nicolini brought a tremendous throng to Albert Hall, London, or who find enjoyment in paying double prices for reading matter.—The Tour. nd the great singer was greeted with enthusiasm. The occasion was in every reect one of the most brilliant of the season. A young American lady, Miss Emily

JOAQUIN MILLER TO LAY DOWN THE PEN.—“ This year, God willing, I shall inant, was also heard in this concert, and was warmly applauded for her beauti

stop writing, and in a small way take up the law again. For a man who writes 1 contralto voice and broad, simple style.

constantly can not think much. And a man who does not think much ought not
to have much to say. There is a disposition to selfishness and egotism in writing
that is ruinous to all men. A man who makes a profession of writing poetry

ought to die early.”Lippincott's.
DRAMA.

EMERSON'S FORGETFULNESS.–The friend who came away with Einerson from

Longfellow's funeral told me to-day that Emerson then, being stricken in years, A CURIOUS return has been laid before the Paris Statistical Society by Dr. Cho

had lost much of his memory. Some hours after the funeral he said, after a silence, et with regard to the number of theaters which have been burned down since

thinking of Longfellow, “ That was a beautisul soul whose funeral we were at to50. It should at once quell the fears of timorous people and check the outcry

day. I forget his name; but he was a beautiful soul.”—The Critic. impending calamily, which the most radical of churchman are wont to indulge

NOTES.–Macmillan & Co. are to publish a volume of Letters from Donegal,' at every favorable opportunity, against the playhouse. He gives the total as

by a lady who describes the effect that the anticipation of home rule is having 2, of which 51 were burned down in the last half of the eighteenth century, 51

on life Ireland.- John Wanamaker, of Philadelphia, about to become the the first quarter of this century, 100 from 1825 to 1850, 76 from 1850 to 1860,

American publisher of the London children's weekly, willi colored illustrations, 3 from 1860 to 1870, 169 from 1870 to 1880, and 174 from 1880 to the end of

known as the Little Ones' Own.The original illustrations in Capt. Greely's year; while three theaters at Detroit, Madrid, and Orleans have been burned

book, · Three Years of Arctic Service,' will appear in the French translation.s year. The number of persons who have perished in the flames varies very

A new novel by William Black is announced. It is said to deal with high and ch; for while 1,010 were burned to death between 1790 and 1800, and 2,141

low London Life; it is said to be an entire departure from Mr. Black's usual style. ween 1840 and 1850, the total was only 241 for the ten years from 1850 to

-Mr. Robert Bridges, who writes the delightfully refreshing book reviews in 10. This is due to the fact that now and again some theater is burnt down

Life over the signature of Droch is coming into prominence as a poet. -Cassell ile full of people, as was the case in 1794, when 1,000 persons perished in the

& Co., the London publishers, during the three years since the company was esiter at Capo d' Istria ; in 1836, when 800 persons were burnt at St. Petersburg,

tablished in its corporate form have paid a dividend of 10 per cent. and carried in 1845, when 1,670 persons perished in a Canton theater. The worst fires of

$50,000 to the reserve sund. The company is now co-operative in character. Its last few years have been at Vienna, where 450 people perished in the Ring

employes hold 5,266 of the shares, the total market value of which is $325,000.ater in 1881, and at Nice, where 70 persons were burnt to death in the same

The fact that the Overland Monthly had its home entirely destroyed by fire does · Altogether, 6,573 people have perished in the last 135 years, or 84 persons not interfere with its getting out an unusually interesting number for July. The very year, this being a very small percentage of the whole theater-going popu

New York Press Club is dying a slow but sure death from lack of interest by its This would seem to be a good showing, when the accidents of the sea,

members, over sixty of whom are “ posted” for non-payment of dues. -Most of railroad, in hotels, and even the ecclesiastical edifices are taken into consider

the Chicago papers are extending to Miss Rose Cleveland a hearty welcome. The There is no manner of building where large numbers of people assemble

Rambler is, however, very bitter in its denunciations of her ability. -Cornelius is so carefully guarded against accident than the theater, which is probably the

Vanderbilt is to at once erect a handsome building in New York to be used for a on that the percentage of mortality is so small.

library and gymnasium for the employes of the Vanderbilt roads.

-Alice LongOTES.—Mme. Miolan Carvalho, the French actress, has received from the gov fellow, the daughter of the poet, entertains the students of the Harvard Annex at ient of France a splendid piece of Severes wear, valued at $5,000, as a token of her house in Cambridge. At a recent reception Mrs. James T. Fields, Mrs. Louis eciation. It bears the inscription : “ The Republican Government to Mme. Agassiz and Mrs. Ole Bull were present.

-General D. H. Chamberlain has ofan Carvalho.” _The original of the Curate in “ The Private Secretary is ferred $1,000 to the corporation of Yale College, the income to be used as a prize to be a real curate, actually named Robert Spaulding, who has an undue fond to that member of the freshman class who shall pass the best entrance examination for bundles and goloshes. Learning that he had been put on the stage, he

in Greek.-Editor T. B. Aldrich, of the Atlantic Monthly, thus replies to an ed to see the piece whose success was due to its imitation of him; but with anxious inquirer: “I have no • blacklist of words, All words are proper in their mental ingratitude the manager declined to give him a conplimentary ticket. proper places. I try only not to misuse them in the magazine or in my own writl'he regular season of 1886–87 at the Lyceum Theatre will begin on Octo ing. Voila tout! For a list of words that are almost always used inaccurately see 8, when Miss I'ortescue, of London, acting in a new play, will make her first Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.' -Chicago's public library contains 119,510 rance in America. The company supporting Louis James and Marie books. The demand for them has grown 17 per cent. the past year. -Bell's Life in wright next season will be one of the largest traveling. It is said that twenty London, a famous old sporting paper, has suspended after an uninterrupted issue of persons have already been engaged. -The American Opera Company have sixty-four years. It has amassed several fortunes, but in its late years was pushed

a four-story brick building and machine shops, where the vast mechanical aside by its more modern contemporaries. -The Chautuaquan for July numbers of preparation for next season will be carried on in all its branches. Alter the veteran newspaper man, Ben: Perley Poore, among its contributors, in a lively in the new building are being made, which will admit of an extensive atelier sketch of “ Congressional Oratory—Then and Now.” Perhaps no man in the ve or six separate paint frames, where all the scene-painting for next season country has had an opportunity to know so much upon the subject as Major

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EVENTS OF THE WEEK.

Poore. - In the August number of Frank Leslie's Sunday Magazine, will appear the first of a series of papers by Mr. Thomas Powell, entitled “Leaves from My Life.” Mr. Powell is an octogenarian litterateur now living in retirement. He was personally intimate with the foremost poets and prose writers of the past and present generations.— A New York Herald correspondent has found one Congressman who has written 18,000 letters to his constituents since the inauguration of the new Administration. This is an average of 50 letters a day, or 1,500 per month. It is not surprising to learn, therefore, from the Congressional Postmaster that the mail for members has averaged as high as 16,000 letters per day for several months at a time. This does not include postal cards, circulars or newspapers. Of the latter some members receive a bushel-basketsul daily. -Mr. W. W. Corcoran has presented Columbian University, D. C,, with $25,000 and an oil painting valued at $6,000. These gifts bring his donations to the University to over $150,000.

THURSDAY, JULY 1. DOMESTIC—President Dwight, of Yale, is inaugurated. The New York police obtrude upon a meeting of the Knights of Labor, compelling the Knighis to go to another hall. The New York Custom House examining board 18 reorganized. In a fight between marshals and a number of alleged barn-burners at Circleville, Ohio, one of the latter is shot and killed and three others wounded. The Iowa, Democrats meet in convention at Des Moines. The veterans of the war commence a great reunion on the field of Gettysburg. Two Mexican horse thieves resisting arrest on a train in Texas are shot by the oficers.

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WIT OF THE WEEK.

FOREIGN.—The English elections beglu. John Bright speaks at Birmingham against home rule for Ireland. A railroad disaster is reported in Germany. Mr. Beecher preaches in London.

FRIDAY, JULY 2. DOMESTIC.-Yale beats Harvard in unprecedented time in the 'Varsity race at New London. Gen. Sickles speaks at Gettysburg. Five boycotters are sentenced in New York. Mr. Powderly devounces the New York police for interfering with a private meeting of the Knights of Labor. Heavy rain storms have prevalled throughout Virginia, overflowing rivers, carrying away bridges, causing washouts and seriously impeding railway tra c. An explosion in the Atlantic Dynamite Works, Kenville, N. J., utterly destroys the mixing mill, wrecks several other buildings and blows ten men to fragments.

CONGRESSIONAL.–The Senate considers the legislative appropriation bill. The House passes a deficiency bil.

FOREIGN.-One hundred and Afty members of the British Parliament are elected. Cardinal Manning strongly advocates home rule. The seizure of an American figherman in Canadian waters is reported. An order 18 issued for the recall of French oficers on leave of absence.

SATURDAY, JULY 3. DOMESTIC.-Bowdoin wins the last race on Lako George. At Gainesville, Ga., four men fight for possession of a baby until two are killed.

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CONGRESSIONAL.-In the Senate-An amendment to the River and Harbor bill appropriating $1,000,00for the improvement of New York harbor is agreed to. There is å warm debate in the House on the deficiency appropriation bill.

FOREIGN.—The opponents of home rule make gains in the elections. Solzures of fish. ing vessels are reported.

SUNDAY, JULY 4. DOMESTIC.-Sixty persons are poisoned at Wichita, Kan., by Fourth of July lemonade. All will recover. Secretary Manning arrives in New York from Hot Springs, Va., with his wife and daughter. Passing through Washington late on Saturday night, they are met at the depot by President Cleveland. The New York Central Labor Union denounces the conviction of the boycotters. Many meetings are held to raise money for Parnell.

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POLITICIAN; “ This is carrying things too far. That's pretty journalism, calling Alderman Boodle a vulture.”

Lawyer : “ That is a trifle harsh. It would sound better to say he was a robbin' of the treasury.”-Lowell Citizen.

BAGLEY: Come, sir, I wish you would quit puffing that smoke in my face." Penstock: “ Doesn't hurt the smoke, my dear sir.” “ It hurts me, sir; I detest the smell of tobacco.” “My dear sir, this is not tob ; it is a five-cent cigar.” Tobacco.

CYCLONE insurance companies are being organized in the West. The Western cyclone is such a healthy affair that we didn't suppose it was necessary to insure it. Norristown Herald.

OWING to the present temper of the French republic regarding the numerous pretenders, this cannot be said to be fine weather for Ducs.Life.

SMITH: “ I saw you carrying home a couple of nice-looking watermelons last night, Brown. How much did they cost you?”

Brown: “I don't know yet. The doctor is up at the house now.”Life. LITTLE COON (picking up a boot) : Say, mistah, kin I's hab dis ole sho'?” Farmer (eyeing him uspiciously): “What du yer want et fer?”

Little Coon (giving the whole thing away): “De ole man wuz 'roun' h'yar Jas' night an' jus' 'ud time ter git de one sho' w'en de dorg got luse; so he sen' me ober ter git de oder, es it's ob no 'count ter yo'."Puck.

A DAKOTIAN met an old friend while on an eastern trip. “I hear that Bill Applejack, who went out to your country, has failed in business.” “ Yes." “ Hard times?“No." “ Too much coinpetition ?" No, I think not." “ Too little attention to business?". Oh, no; he worked hard.” “ I don't see why he failed, then." “Well, you see, a sew determined gentlemen on the board of trade got a new inch rope around his neck and forced him to make an assignment.” “ Horses?" Horses.”Estelline Bell.

BRIDGET (to ice man): "Av ye plaze, sir, me missus sez will yez put the ice in the saucer here every mornin', and cover it wid the tay cup, so we can have some left if we don't get there the minit ye lave it.”.

- Palmer Journal. A man who had not heard of the death of a certain Republican Congressman asked a friend about him the other day.

“Ah,” replied the friend, sadly, “he has joined the great majority.”

“ Thunderation!” blurted out the inquirer. • You don't mean to say he has gone over to the Democrats ?”

Oh, no; he's dead."

Oh,” was the reply, in a relieved tone. “ I'm glad to hear it. I banked a good deal on that man's fidelity.”-Washington Critic.

FIRST MUSICIAN (in street car): “ Yes, I understand Jones has finished his new opera. Have you seen the score yet?”

Second musician : “ No, I haven't.”
Fellow-passenger:

Excuse me, gentlemen, but it was 3 to 2 in favor of the New Yorks."- Washington Critic.

“ I SEE,” said Mrs. Follinsbee, looking up from her paper the other evening, “ that they say Modjeska has a lot of perfect sticks supporting her this season.” “That is entirely appropriate,” replied the colonel, with a diabolical grin. “ How is that?” “ Why, she is a Pole herself, you know.” Mrs. Follinsbee was so indig. nant that she didn't speak to him for all the evening. - The Comet.

EDUCATED tramps are rare. They always say, “I seen some wood.” They never put it, “ I saw some wood.”Pittsburgh Chronicle.

“Going away this summer?” he asked, as they met on the Campus Martius for a moment, Well, I've made a start toward it." Selected the place ?” “Noborrowed $100 at eight per cent.”—Detroit Free Press,

Mrs. Cleveland possesses sixteen trunk-loads of wearing apparel. And yet the good book says the body is more than the raimant. Society women must have gone flying light in those times.—Boston Transcript.

LIGHTNING ROD AGENT_“It's dangerous to be under this tree in a thunderstorm. One of us might get killed.”

Victim—“Well, if you are killed, you won't be able to talk any more; and if I am killed, I can't hear you. So I guess we'd better stay.”Life.

FOREIGN.- The Gladstonians are consident of holding their own in Scotland, American citizens are confnod in loathsome cells at Paso del Norte, said to be without hope of trial in tho near future. Mr. Beecher preaches to an enormous congregation in Dr. Parker's church, the City Templo, London.

MONDAY, JULY 5. DOMESTIC.-Independence Day is generally celebrated throughout the Union. An immenso labor demonstration in held in New York in favor of home rule. Portland, Me., begins her centeupial celebration with a grand parade. A pre involving a loss of over $200,000 is caused in Harlem by a drunken man, who set fre to flroworks in front of a sure with a cigar.

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FOREIGN.-In the British elections the Torles galo 17; Unionists, 1; Gladstonian, 9. M. de Freycinet is defending the Panama Canal lutlery, Thirty-flve persons aro hurt in a railroad collision in Scotland, The captured Ashermen flued $400 each by the Domlulou authorities,

TUESDAY, JULY 6. DOMESTIC. —Anarchists fire on the United States flag at Chicago. The Academy of Music, the uflice of the Rocky Mouutain News and other buildings are burned in Den vor, Colorado. Confederate cavalrymen are assembling at Goltysburg to fraternize with the Boys iu Blue at the reunion of the cavalry corps on that flold.

CONONESSIONAL.-Tho Senatodiscusses the River and Harbor bill. House-Twenty messagos vololug privato pensiou bills are recolved from the President.

FOREIGN.-Conservatlye gains in the English elections. Election rlots are reported in Dublin.

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PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE PUBLIC OPINION COMPANY.

VOL. I.

WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, JULY 17, 1886.

No. 14.

POLITICAL.

VETOES OF PRIVATE PENSION BILLS.

veto.

Few events of recent years have been more fully discussed in the political press than the repeated returns to the Senate or House of Representatives of unapproved bills granting individual pensions.

New York Times (Ind.), July 10. In the vetoes of the pension bills the President has shown not only that he himself has carefully examined the bills, but that nobody before him had carefully examined them. In several instances he has pointed out that the bill itself, if carefully read, contained the evidence which showed that it should not become a law. In others he has shown that if Congress had taken the trouble he has taken to consult the records, which are as accessible to it as to him, it would not have passed the bills which he has refused to sign. In no case has a bill been passed over his

When Mr. Grosvenor talks about Congress “ being the law-making power, and having a right to confer a pension upon anybody” -as of course it has not—and about the President “ turning Congress from its normal position,” he would do well to cite at least one instance in which the judgment of the President has been overruled by Congress.

Boston Journal (Rep.), July 9. THE people who lavish indiscriminate praise upon the President for his vetoes of private pension bills can hardly have examined the messages in which he communicated his objections to Congress, or they would qualify their admiration. Some of these messages are so coarse and unseeling that they reflect no credit upon the President of the United States. Wherever the President saw reason to interpose his veto upon the granting of pensions to individuals who, from his examination of the evidence, seemed unworthy, he was clearly within his Constitutional rights and prerogatives; but even if, in every case, he was in the right and the Congressional Committee in the wrong, as regards their respective views of the evidence, there would still be no excuse for the lumbering humor and covert sneers with which these messages are filled.

New York Star (Dem.), July 11. The Republican Congressmen have acted on the principle that the object of pension legislation is to spend as much money as possible, and to crowd the pension roll with names. Whether the names were those of soldiers or of “beats” made no difference. For all the country knew, John Smith, teamster, who was killed in a drunken broil, was quite as heroic and deserving as Tom Brown, colorsergeant, who was shot through the heart at the head of a storming column. The pension statesmen cared no more for Tom Brown than for John Smith, and gained as much reputation and as many votes from getting a pension for the teamster as for the hero. The difficulty now is, not that the President has vetoed particular bills, but that he has ruthlessly exposed the humbug of the general wholesale pension business.

New York Tribune (Rep.), July 10. The gushing friends of the President still cry loudly that “ the people ” approve his pension vetoes. How about the case discussed yesterday? The bill provided a small pension for a destitute old woman whose husband was wounded at Murfreesboro', and died later. His death, however, was not entirely due to the wound.” The aged woman had sent four sons otthe war also; two were killed, another lost an arm, and the fourth an eye. The President refused to sign the bill “ because it would establish a precedent." The people will hardly agree with him. They will be much more likely to condemn the precedent he is so anxious to establish—the sending of destitute aged mothers of soldiers to the poor-house in order that the Democratic party may gain a reputation for economy.

Boston Globe (Dem.), July 12. The Republicans seem to think they have got hold of a first-class new issue, by invoking the wrath of our veterans over the vetoed pension bills. Just think of it! One veto was written because the bill gave a pension to a man for a wound received while in the act of deserting ; another veto killed a bill that gave a pension to a man who was wounded by home-guards while in the act of pillaging a farm; a third veto was of a bill which made a pensioner of a man who never was in the army at all; a fourth veto was aimed at the claim of a widlow whose husband committed suicide by poisoning, and the rest were based on similar good and sufficient grounds. The Republicans will not make much of an issue by attacking such vetoes as those.

New York Evening Post (Ind.), July 10. Are the pensions to increase in numbers as the veterans of the war die off? The idea is preposterous. The increase shows that the preaching of demago ues like Logan has encouraged every camp-follower and sneak in the Army, and everybody else who could invent the shadow of an excuse for putting in a claim, 10 go down to Washington with a demand for a pension. Undoubtedly, hundreds of

these claims are inspired by claim agents, who are working them on shares. The Republican Congressmen who shout “solid South," and talk about the " loyal people,” when the President puts his veto upon some of the most transparent of these attempts to rob the Government, are talking in the interest of fraud, and they know it.

Brooklyn Union (Ind.), July 10. The President is so clearly right that fault-finding with him for the principle on which he has written these vetoes, for which he deserves credit, but no more credit than sor doing a plain duty in a very small matter, magnifies the service he has done, and to that extent withdraws attention from the more important measures of reform, in demanding which public opinion needs now to assert itself. The New York Custom House, the Brooklyn Navy Yard, the Garland scandal are all forgotten, and the sins against resorm that these cover are committed almost without protest, while Congress is provoking the Chief Magistrate and busying itself to make a great political issue of the pension claim of Mary J. Nottage, of Nashua, N, H.

Pittsburgh Dispatch (Ind.), July 12. The fun in the President's veto messages is very offensive to some people; but none of his wit is so telling as the plain statenient of the facts in various cases. For instance, there is the pension passed by Congress on the ground of a chronic diarrhea contracted in the Black Hawk war, which the sufferer endured to a hale old age for fifty-four years after its alleged commencement. The joke was apparently perpetrated by Congress in granting a pension on such a basis. Likewise, when the President points out to Congress that other of its bills actually decrease the pensions already granted by the Pension Bureau to deserving pensioners, the joke may be unpleasant to the statesmen, but it is timely, nevertheless.

Philadelphia Press (Rep.), July 10. One of President Cleveland's pension vetoes casts a wanton slur upon the legitimacy of the petitioner's (a woman) children; another denies an allowance to a man whose long service admits of a doubt that he was actually performing military duties, and another rejects the claim of a widow whose husband fell from his horse in a furious cavalry charge, the reason for the veto being that the Government can not be held responsible for the effects of his bad horsemanship. These are sample bricks of statesmanship under a reform Administration. Patriots and intelligent citizens can contemplate them only with mingled feelings of shame and indignation.

St. Louis Globe-Democrat (Rep.), July 1o. It is the manner quite as much as the matter of the President's pension vetoes that offends the popular sense of justice and decency. He is not content with depriving the claimants of the small sums voted them by Congress, but takes occasion in almost every case to ridicule their services and stigmatize them as mere pretenders and perjurers. That is the way the Copperheads used to talk about soldiers whose bodies were brought home for burial after some great battle, and the loyal people of the country have not yet so far forgotten the events of those days that they can look patiently upon a repetition of that form of brutality.

Troy Press (Dem ), July 12. This Congressman ought to know that Congress is not alone the law-making power. The Constitution gives the President law-making power also, for he approves or vetoes bills. The veto power was given to the President by the Constitution so that Congress could not “confer a pension on anybody” or pass any law, if the President objects, unless by a two-thirds vote. If most Congressmen share Mr. Grosvenor's opinion, that Congress can give a pension to anybody, it would be easier to understand how so many utterly absurd and utterly disgraceful pension bills have been passed by the present Congress.

Chicago Herald (Ind.), July 9. The pension machinery was not constructed to facilitate the efforts of pretenders to fasten themselves on the Treasury, nor is it the province of Congress to encourage fraud by specially singling out these rejected claimants and placing them in the company of deserving recipients of the Nation's grateful bounty. Mr. Cleveland's manly stand against this abuse must be as gratifying to old soldiers and honest pensioners as it is to the people at large, who hate demagogy and admire manliness and independence in high places.

Youngstown Telegraph (Rep.), July 8. PRESIDENT CLEVELAND has broken his record for dexterity. He has “personally examined ” all the data relating to 191 private pension bills within two days, finding evidence enough to lead him to veto twenty of them. With such an unequaled capacity for such work Mr. Cleveland should, long ere this, have found time to personally examine all the data relating to Attorney-General Garland's PunElectric exploits, and to add certain correspondence necessary to make the collection complete.

Denver Tribune (Rep.), July 9. The purpose of separating the powers of the Government into three branches was to make these branches co-ordinate, and when one was given a check upon

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the other it was supposed that this check would be exercised only upon rare occa securing an allowance which the people intended they should have without the sions. It was no more supposed that the President would attempt to control the asking. action of Congress by his veto than that the Supreme Court would attempt to do the same thing by the exercise of its power of declaring a law unconstitutional It is the principle that is objectionable. Sentimental considerations for the Kansas City Times (Dem.), July 7.

soldier or demagogical pleas in his behalf should be set altogether aside. The It is the Senatorial prerogative to protest and worry and sume over the Presi

higher and really very grave issue is whether the President shall confine himself dential vetoes, and it is the Presidential prerogative to keep on issuing vetoes as

to the execution of the laws, or, usurping the functions of Congress, proceed to

make the laws.- Washington Critic (Ind.), July 10, fast as occasion may demand. It is the prerogative and duty of the Democratic House to stand by the President whenever it recognizes that he is right, and his It is both creditable and evident that the curious ambition of the President as a vetoes generally are right, for he gives close attention to the matters discussed, writer of sarcastic vetoes of small private pension bills has led him to array the which is more than can be said for either branch of Congress.

whole weight and power of the Executive against a veteran soldier (Farris, of MisIllinois State Journal (Rep.), July 12.

souri), whose record and character entitle him to the respect of his old neighbors.

-Néw York Mail and Express (Rep.), July 12. The President is smart enough to know that if he can hold the solid South the so-called Northern Democracy will have nothing to choose but to tag on to

The President is being so soundly aboused for his vetoes that there is danger of the tail, and that, through this little game, he may make himself the standard his being too much frightened to use the veto power when it would do most good. bearer in 1888. The whole deal is a political trick, and the Treasury has noth-Congress evidently thinks so, at any rate, for it keeps right on piling up appropriaing to do with it. There is this much satisfaction about the matter, the country

tions that should be vetoed, without seeming at all alarmed about the consequenseems pretty generally to appreciate it at its worth.

Philadelphia Inquirer (Rep.), July 13. Boston Herald (Ind.), July 12.

The President has caught Congress voting money out of the Treasury to private

individuals, in spite of their own rules, in defiance of their own laws, in such haste BECAUSE the President disapproves of pauperizing the pension list, the Tribune

that the members can not possibly understand the circumstances of each case, and accuses him of “sending the destitute, aged mothers of soldiers to the poor-house, in order that the Democratic party may gain a reputation for economy.” The

by means of log-rolling combinations that are in every way reprehensible.-

Wilkesbarre Leader (Dem.), July 10. policy of the Republican Senators, under the lead of Mr. Blair, would end in sending the tax-payers to the poor-house in order that the Republican party may continue The Democratic President gives out that it is a wicked and extravagant thing to pose as the original and only “ soldiers' friend."

to pay some forty or fifty thousand dollars in pensions to disabled veterans of the Florida Times-Union (Dem.), July 11.

Union armies. The Democratic House of Representatives indicates its intention 10 sustain him

in this position. And the Democratic editor howls with delight.-All the fine talk of Mr. Cannon and Mr. Browne, and the rest, in the IIouse is New Haven Palladium (Rep.), July 12. but froth; il is designed to influence the soldier vote by prejudicing it against the President and the Democratic party. It is demagogy of the rankest kind, and an

IF MEMBERS of Congress, individually and collectively, were but as industrious insult to every honest Union veteran, The soldiers regard it as campaign foam,

as Mr. Cleveland and as thorough in their official purposes, there would be less and despise the Congressmen who are so shallow as to suppose they, the soldiers,

occasion for Executive disapproval of pension bills, and there would be a great are so weak-minded as to be influenced by it.

deal more of Congressional business transacted in the interests of the public.

New York News (Dem.), July 11.
Charleston News and Courier (Dem.), July 12.

It is the President's duty to look into the facts upon which the legislation is THE President is responsible for his own acts, and not for the acts of Congress;

based, and, if he can not agree with Congress, to say so. That he lias discharged and derives his power from the source from which Congress derives its authority, the Constitution of the United States. Therefore, would he be liable to impeach- honestly reached the result announced in his velo messages no one will doubt.-

this duty with the most industrious care can not well Le questioned. That he has ment, or deserving of impeachment, if he were governed by any other considera

New York Sun (Dem.), July 11. tion than his own conclusions and convictions in dealing with bills which are submitted to him for approval.

It is intelligible that the President should be, as he is reported, “ very much

disturbed” by the Pan-Electric report. But it is utterly illogical for him to vent Fall River Ierald (Ind.), July 11.

his spleen by vetoing every bill which provides for the compensating of a RepubThe claim made by Republican journals that the Democrats are disgusted with lican veteran. The thing that needs vetoing is his Attorney-General.Minneapthe narrow and petty objections which President Cleveland is raising to a few pri- olis Tribune (Rep.), July 7. vate pensions is not made in good faith, as these journals are too intelligent not to see that it is only a few politicians on the Democratic side, as it is the many poli

THAT the free exercise of the veto power is sure to win popular approval has

been so often demonstrated that the folly of the people who are now slinging mud ticians on the Republican side, who do the “weeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth.”

at President Cleveland because of his vetoes of pension bills which never should Washington Ilatchet (Ind.), July 10.

have been introduced in Congress, much less passed, is amazing.-- Philadelphia

Telegraph (Ind.), July 10. It appears that the chief objection which the veterans have is not so much to the pension vetoes as to the highly hilarious language which the President uses in them. It is possible that this species of penuriousness and ingratitude may please cerThey regard it as insulting. It must be confessed that it isn't in particularly good tain people, but it is a libel on the American nation to say that this kind of thing taste, and the President might establish a better standard by getting the sentinents is demanded by the people of the Union, saved by clismemberment and destruction of his substitute on the wording before he sends out any more messages of the

by the men whom he delights to dishonor and deride.Indianapolis Fournal kind.

(Rep.), July 12. Oshkosh Times (Dem.), July 11.

It was a disunited North that elected Cleveland and the present Democratic The clamor of demagogues and claim agents will have but little influence with majority in the House. The election of a new House of Representatives will take the people, and thoughtful men, especially among the soldiers, will thank the place while the two great parties are in their present attitude on the old-soldier President for discriminating between the honest, faithful soldier, who mansully bore question—the Republicans for, the Democrats against them.— Pittsburgh Press the brunt and burden of war, and the dead-beat, deserter, and shirk, whose claim (Ind.), July 10. for a pension is generally founded on local political influence.

Mr. Farris, of Missouri, sought on the wrong sidle. If he had helped Jeff Memphis Avalanche (Dem.), July 8.

Davis in his attempt to wreck the Government, or if, lıke Fitz John Porter, he had IN nothing will the President be more thoroughly sustained by the soldiers proved recreant to his duty, he would liave had no clifficulty in getting relief; at themselves, whose claims are clear and free from pretense, hypocrisy, and fraud, least, he would not have found Grover Cleveland in the way.— Brooklyn Times than in his relvuke administered to fraudulant claimants and a demagogue Con- | (Rep.), July 12. gress, prodigal of the people's money for the pumpering and purchase of the sol

MR. CLEVELAND) at one time and another has obtained considerable notoriety by diers who never served in any war.

his use of the veto, bul, if we mistake not, he will ascertain in this business that St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Dem.), July 7.

he has interposed it too vigorously, carelessly, and heartlessly to meet the approval Many of the yeloed bills have been so notoriously improper, or so negligently I (Rep.), July 7.

of the great mass of the people of the United States.—St. Albans, Vt., Messenger framed, that it was a disrespectful reflection on the President's intelligence to send them to him; and some of the unexpected critical comments which he has made If the President had his own choice, he could not ask for a more advantageous in returning disapproved bills finds, at least, a partial excuse in the extraordinary standing ground for himself than he will have if the Senate is to take a stand against nature of the bills themselves.

him on the fraudulent little pension jobs engineered through by claim agents and New Orleans Times-Democrat (Dem.), July 11.

lobbyists at Washington on speculation and shares.Boston Transcript (Ind.),

July 1o. It is not likely that the policy of the President in demanding that Congress shall examine more critically the private pension bills that come before it will receive The President is to be congratulated on his policy of rigidl examination, which much popular criticisin. At least, Mr. Cleveland does not seem annoyed by the has resulted in so many veloes in cases of proposed appropriations of money for proposition to reconsider his vetoes, for he continues grinding them out as actively Government buildings and for pensions. We hope he will " fight it out on this

line if it takes all summer.”Indianapolis News (Ind.), July 10. Chicago Inter-Ocean (Rep.), July 8.

The Nation will not see a single soldier suffering from 'disability contracted in THE President is not in sympathy with the soldiers, and those who are acting as the service suffer for means of support, but frauds and tricksters who play the“ penhis advisers are more interested in bringing up technical points to the disadvantage sion dodge" should be made to understand that they will receive no sympathy when of men as good as they are than in helping men now in distress toward their deception is unmasked.—Omaha Bee (Rep.), July 1o.

as ever.

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votes.

No men better appreciate these vetoes than those whose pensions were bravely were desirous of availing themselves of the first favorable opportunity to devise earned on the field of honor and patriotism, and who little desire to share their some desagrements for their Republican friends. Their organ, The Voice, raises need of the country's recognition with victims of the buzz saw, Fourth of July a great outcry—that every candidate for the Legislature must undergo the crucial cannon, or deserters.Buffalo Courier (Dem.), July 10.

test, and every Assemblyman who wanted to have nothing to do with the resoluIf we had always been so fortunate as to have Presidents able and willing to

tion for a prohibition amendment will be again brought forward as a Republican deliver courses of lectures to Congress, our law-makers might not have been so

candidate only under the presumption that the vote of the Prohibition party in the

district will be cast unanimously for him. The situation in Iowa constitutes, in good-looking, but they would have known a great deal more.—National Republi

certain particulars, an antithesis to the picture in New York. There the Republican (Rep.), July 1o.

cans have come out for prohibition “straight,” and the Clark law passed by them There is no question of Republicanism or Democracy involved in these bills. is of such barbarous stringency that its execution leads eventually to scenes of riotThey are barefaced attempts at robbery from the people. In disapproving them, ing, such as have been witnessed in Clinton. The apothecary law, which, in a President Cleveland is simply doing his duty.--Milwaukee Journal (Ind.), shameful manner, acts as a safety-valve in tolerating the retail of spirituous drinks, July 1o.

as a natural consequence permits apothecary shops to be erected upon the ruins of The President's course is wrong, as well as unpopular, and his attempt to em

public houses. If we look farther, we find traces of “temperance anarchists,” as

the Prohibitionists were recently dubbed by the Tribune in Illinois, where their body a jest in each veto message, as if he were writing a new joke book, is not

State convention with drums and trumpets had occasioned a hideous uproar. They only in bad taste-it is the extreme os cruelly.— Wheeling Intelligencer (Rep.),

marched with their own candidates for State offices into the field, and inscribed July 8.

upon their banners, “ Prohibion, Woman's Suffrage, and Sunday Observance.” As PRESIDENT CLEVELAND'S courageous efforts to protect the pension sund for the regards the supervision of the retail of liquors, they would fare so much the worse sole use and benefit of those who deserve it are evidences of genuine friendship in Illinois with the trial to introduce prohibition in the way of constitutional reform, for the sollier and the soldier's widow.— Terre Haute Gazette (Dem.), July 12. as in that State the high-license system must afford ample satisfaction to the reaTo attack the President for vetoing most of these special bills is mere demagog

sonable demands of Republican temperance men. Under the existing order of ism, and the Republicans who are doing it will discover in November that the old

things, the number of retail shops, not less than the quantity of spirits coming into soldier and the Grand Ariny men are not fools.—N. Y. Herald (Ind.), July 10.

consumption, will be kept down as much as possible. The condition of things in

Michigan is similar, where the Prohibitionists dispose of considerably over 20,000 IF THE President loses the support of the bogus veterans on account of his ve

A fusion of the Democrats and Greenbackers is this year out of the questoes, and makes more certain the support of the genuine veterans, he will still be tion, while the · Prohibitionists will put up not only their own candidates for both ahead by a large majority.–Savannah News (Dem.), July 11.

houses of the Legislature, but nourish the hope of being able to exercise an imCONGRESS has shamelessly abandoned to the President the cluty of guarding the

mense and controlling influence in the election of a United States Senator as sucpublic funds, and the countıy is in entire sympathy with the courageous manner

cessor to Conger. It thus looks as though the Prohibitionists would materially acin which he assuines the task.–Chicago Neous (Ind.), July 7.

celerate the process of solution which is going on in the organism of the Republi

can party. But it is not to the Republicans alone that the temperance question Our general pension laws are as liberal as could possibly be wished, or, if they has brought sorrow and vexation of spirit; in the Democratic zenith the problem are not, let them be macle inore so. But let us have an end to this notorious private also arises, not as a fantastical will o' the wisp, but as a tangible “issue” with pension bill jobbery.- Nashville American (Dem.), July 9.

which politicians in the end will have to reckon in carnest. We do not believe anybody will question the absolute integrity of the President's

New York Sun (Dem.). motives. A more rigirlly upright, conscientious Executive never occupied the White IIouse.--Irkansas Gazette (Dem.), July 12.

POLITICALLY, the effect of the Prohibition movement, in so far as it depends

upon a separate party, may be of high importance in some of the doubtful States Wues the veto power is wielded by a man prompted to its use by vanity and of the North ; but in the South the case is different. While the vitality of the Rea desire to impress his personality upon the country in a cheap way, the veto itself publican party continues unimpaired, the Solid South, with the possible exception becomes vicious.—Ditroit Tribune (Rep.), July 9.

of Tennessee and North Carolina, will hardly

be smashed by anything less than The Democratic party can afford to uphold the President's action. He has

the dominance of the free-trade theory in the Democratic party. The Prohibition

ists who would vote a Prohibition ticket in the South at a national, or even at a proved that he is something more than a figure-head. lle has shown true Jacksonian grit.—Richmond State (Dim.), July 10.

State election, are, probably, not many. There is an influential sentiment there in

favor of liquor prohibition, but the Southern Prohibition Democrats think they can MR. CLEVELANI) receives $50,000 a year of the people's money, but he is not

attain that end without leaving their party. The Southern negroes seem to have willing that veteran soldiers should have pensions aster Congress has voted it to been pretty evenly divided on prohibition, when it has come up as an issue in them. — Terre Haute Express (Rep.), july 12.

municipal elections, but they know the Democratic party and the Republican party,

and no others. In a State like New York, where parties are evenly balanced, the THE people are with the President in this good work, and the true soldiers who did their duty faithfully are with him, too, for they are decideilly opposed to

action of the Prohibitionists might easily throw an election to one side or the other.

In the North the Prohibitionists draw more largely from the Republicans than frauds.Ilartford Times (Dem.), July 8.

from the Democrats; and as long as this continues true, the latter have no cause IF THE opponents of the Administration seek to make a political issue on these to be offended with the compulsory cold-water men. It may happen that the Provetoes, there ought to be no hesitation in accepting the challenge.Washington hibitionists may do the Democrats a good turn in 1888 in some of the Northern Gazette (Rep.), July 11.

States; and it may some time happen that they may do them a bad turn in some

of the Southern States. The President will receive the earnest thanks of veteran soldiers for persistently

Providence Star (Rep.) drawing the distinction between a pensioner and a pauper.- Washington Post (Dem.), July II.

The uprising of the Republican party against the rum power, and rum dictation

in politics, has not been confined to Rhode Island. It is becoming general throughMR. CLEVELAND's action on the private pension bills shows us how the people out the country. It does not, in all cases, take the form of the advocacy of a prohave been and are protected under his Administration.-Vorfolk Landmark hibitory amendment; but in every State where the party has a voice that can be (Dem.), July 9.

raised and heard it does demand, in no equivocal or uncertain tone, the enforceREPUBLICAS abuse and attempts at terrorizing have no effect upon the Presi

ment of law and the overthrow of liquor dictation in politics. The Republican dent. Ile doesn't scare worth a pension red.Birmingham, Ala., Age (Dem.),

party everywhere means that the liquor traffic shall either be prohibited, as in July 11.

Rhode Island, Maine, and Kansas, or that the laws restraining it shall not be dead

letters on the statute-books, and that liquor sellers shall not be a class above the There is not only wide room but ample provocation in the temper and tone of law, violating and defying it with impunity. To this the party is committed ; to these messages for very sharp criticism. Pittsburgh Commercial-Gazette (Rep.), this it is impelled and urged by the very best elements and sentiment of our AmerJuly 8.

ican citizenship. It is a step hardly less important than when the Republican party We did not expect a Republican Senate to indorse President Cleveland's vetoes.

raised its youthful arm and beckoned the hungry slaveholder back from the frontBut the people do.- Cincinnati Enquirer (Dem.), July 8.

ier of struggling Kansas; hardly less grave and important for the future of human:
ity than when the pen of a Republican President emancipated millions froin servi-
tude. The Republican party has put its hand to the plough and will not turn back.

The cause of temperance is aggressive and progressive.
THE SALOON IN POLITICS.

Boston Journal (Rep.). MOVEMENTS of the Prohibitionists and other advocates of temperance, and the The invitation which has been sent out, signed by seventy or eighty well-known relations of the saloons to parties, are commonly unusually attractive in every part

Republicans in various parts of the State, to a conserence of anti-saloon Republi

cans, in Tremont Temple, gives practical and pointed expression to a sentiment The New Yorker Staats-Zeitung:

which is widely prevalent among Republicans. The simple purpose of this move

ment is to pursuade the Republican parly, in the State and nation, to take a strong [Translated for PUBLIC OPINION.)

and unequivocal position upon this question. To the party which, more than any · IN SOME half dozen States the goblin of prohibition is howling, and the question other in the history of our nation, has been prompted by generous enthusiams, and of coercive temperance is pressing more and more into the foreground of public loyal to inspiring principles, comes now the invitation to place itself at the head of lise in this country. It is an increasing and remarkable sign of the times that no the movement which recognizes the saloons for what they are, a curse to society, section of the country'is spared by this spectre, that it haunts the South no less and proposes to deal with them accordingly as public enemies. In one sense, the than the North and West; and in New York, the politicians have really first to impulse to this movement may be said to proceed from the saloons themselves, bedeal with the liquor question. At the moment it looks as though the Prohibitionists cause the growing arrogance of the saloon interests, and the attempt which they

of the country.

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