Page images
[ocr errors]

ceding President would be expiring from day to day. A Democratic President legislation will not fail to excite close scrutiny. For while the Democrats are not, would appoint Democrats to fill vacancies and vice versa, so that parties would as a rule, opposed to civil-service reform, they are at the same time willing to wait balance, and as all the offices would not become vacant at once there would then until the present law inaugurating that reform has been fully tried before extending be no need for hurrying on to Washington by the thousands for offices at the be its ramifications, either directly or inclirectly. There is one thing we are glad to gining of each Presidential terin.

note about Senator Edmunds in this connection. He has not even waited to be Die New Yorker Staats-Zeitung, July 3.

called upon sor his “reasonsfor introducing the bill, but has voluntarily diagnosed

the motives which controlled him and has promptly given his diagnoses to the [Translated for PUBLIC OPINION.)

The contest of the Republican Senators with the President which was main-

Brooklyn Engle (Dem.), July 1.
tained for many weeks, through all kinds of subterfuges, ended in the inglorious
deseat of the Senators; and this has inflicted no small damage upon the reputation

Reform in appointments will best come by an improved enforcement of present of Mr. Edmunds, the leader who sounded the keynote in the struggle.

He prob

laws and a repeal of such as were passed merely to hamper Presidents, like the ably feels this very sensibly, and it is very explicable that his most earnest wish

Tenure of Office law, passed in the time of Andrew Johnson. Americans under

stand the doctrine of such a use of the confirming power as makes confirmations should be to get even with the Administration for the session, in order that, as a candidate for re-election, he may not have to go before his constituents, or his legis direct appointments, not depending on the confirming power at all. They under

obligatory, where no personal objections exist as to the nominee. They understand Jature, with the stigma of deseat upon him. He has, therefore, before the close of

stand direct power of removal at the will of the Executive. These propositions the session, introduced the bill announced yesterday, which, under a specious and

are political and logical simples, with business sense on their side. The measure of even civil-service reform cloak, aims at nothing less than the withdrawal from the

Mr. Edmunds is both a novelly and complexity.
President of the right of suspension or removal; and he hopes to pilot it through,
under the pressure of the concluding business of the session. If one examines the

Columbus, Ohio, Dispatch (Ind.), July 2.
bill, superficially merely, it seems to invest the President with entirely new and THERE seems to be a great deal of good hard sense in Mr. Edmunds' bill. A
almost unprecedented powers, in causing the Senate to renounce the right of con-

new President's embarrassment at finding men of opposite politics fixed in office
firmation of an almost countless throng of subordinate office-holders. But Mr. Ed under him is nothing to that he must experience on finding incumbents in office
munds is not very ingenuous in this reform. This portion of his resolution is only neglecting their duties in the expectation of removal, while hundreds of office-
the bait thrown out to catch the support of short-sighted people for his bill. It is seekers are crowding about him, making it well-nigh impossible for him to make a
the concession that he makes to reform, in order that he may conceal beneath a judicious selection for any place. Besides, the Presideni's iminediate advisers, and
thick coat of varnish, of which one really knows nothing, whether it shall be called practically all who hold close official relationship with him, would be his political
more reactionary than revolutionary. The President will no longer be permitted friends under any circumstances, and the embarrassment of the opposition would
to suspend or remove office-holders, objectionable even upon valid grounds, but in be reduced to a minimum.
each case must introduce a process for removal before a Federal judge. For a

Philadelphia Times (Ind.), July 2.
measure of reform, the Edmunds' bill is decidedly an abortion, and as a maneu-
ver, 10 avenge on the President his defeat in the “Document” controversy, it is

It is evident that the Vermont Senator is making another effort to restore himaltogether-100 thin.

self to the good graces of the thick-and-thin party workers, whose affections were Boston Herald (Ind.), July 5.

somewhat alienated by his coolness toward Blaine two years ago; but it will not

improve the political prospects of any man in public lise to take the side of the THE great relief which would be afforded to the President by transferring to strikers and heelers of both parties on an issue which their interests are directly other hands the selection of two or three thousand of the minor officials would alone

hostile to those of the people at large. Enlightened communities are gradually justify the charge. It is unbecoming almost to the verge of absurdity for the chief learning that responsibility must be concentrated, not divided, in order to reach executive officer of more than 50,000,000 people to be called upon nearly every efficiency of administration, and no step backward from this principle will be taken day in the year to decide between rival candidates and contending factions in the

at Washington,
matter of selecting a postmaster for some little town or small city. Some of these

Boston Journal (Rep.), July 5.
“contests” have extended over weeks of time, and involved the Senator and Repre.
sentative in Congress, beside all the local politicians of the place. One has but to

THAT feature of Mr. Edmund's proposition regarding appointments which pro

vides for a fixed tenure of four years, and which makes removals possible only think of the president of the French republic, or of Mr. Gladstone, Bismarck, or

after examination before a United States judge, is not at all acceptable to the civilEmperor William giving up his time to such trival matters, to see how unsairly the

service reformers. They argue that a large proportion of the things which make President of the United States is handicapped in the attempt to develop and carry

a clerk incompetent are smal things, which it would seem absurd to lay before a out, with the aid of his party in Congress, a statesmanlike policy of government. He is unable even to give proper attention to the other routine duties of his posi: judge, yet which, taken together, make all the difference between an efficient

and inefficient clerk. The reform idea is not to limit the power of removal, but, tion while beset with ten or twelve thousand candidates for the four or five thou

by preventing political appointments, to take away the templation to political sand offices at his disposal. It would be an excellent thing all around to divide

the appointing power.

Chicago News (Ind.), July 3.
Albany Journal (Rep.), July 2,

To give the President the unrestricted right to fill many offices independently of the His bill contains a proviso fixing the tenure of office of the great majority of Senate will relieve both him and that body of a dependence on each other which officials now subject to suspension by the President for political, personal, or other

has been, and is likely to be again, used tyranically and arbitrarily, as was the case reasons wholly without relation to the good of the public service. Some opposi when the President and Senate clashed as they did in 1865 and 1866 under Johntion to this proviso of the Edmunds bill will doubtless be raised by the ultra civil. son's administration. There is no need that the time of the Senate be taken in service reformers who declared in favor of the abolition of the tenure of office act

investigating into the qualifications of postmasters in the country, but the President at their last conference. Senator Edmunds on the other hand proposes to make should solely be responsible for his appointments. The bill is a good one and is that act even more stringent than it is. The statistics of Senator Hoar show the

worth the consideration of Congress.
necessity for the Edmunds proviso, and perhaps even the civil-service reform con-
ference would entertain different notions of the President and the best methods of

Oshkosh Times (Dem.), July 3.
promoting reform under his administration than it did some months ago.

THE truth of the matter probably is that Mr. Edmunds desires to see all reBuffalo Courier (Dem.), July 5.

sponsibility removed from the Senate, giving the executive a free rcin, and then

hold him strictly to account for all moves he may make that are not strictly in It is difficult to believe that so experienced a public man as Senator Edmunds

accord with the letter and spirit of the civil-service law. Mr. Edmunds has a can be really serious in advocating a bill fixing a tenure of office for a large ma

head, and he is shrewd enough to see if the President is to be held accountable for jority of what are known as Presidential officers and providing that they shall not

any actions that may be construed to be in violation of the civil-service reform law, be removed during their term of office except upon the decision of a United States the Senate should stand from under and not be made a sharer in the disapproval judge after certain prescribed court proceedings. This proposition is in direct of the civil-service reformers. antagonism with one of the fundamental principles of civil-service reform and administrative reform. That principle is the unrestricted power of removal. To

Philadelphia Record (In..), July 3. deprive the Chief Executive of that power would work a dangerous revolution in UNLIMITED energy as to appointments

, but practical paralysis as to removals, is our system of government. It would demoralize the civil service; it would breed the panacea offered by Mr. Edmunds to alleviate and finally drive away the evils insubordination and bring about endless confusion.

that are supposed to flourish in the atmosphere of officialism at the capital

. It is Washington Post (Dem.), July 2.

difficult to imagine how the people are to be benefited by a measure which removes

an Executive appointee from the swift supervision of the appointing power, and reIF such a bill could be passed and executed, it would thoroughly demoralize fers all responsibility for the continuance of an inefficient or dishonest official to the every Department in Washington. Everybody who has ever been in those depart- ponderous and sluggish machinery of the courts. ments in any position knows perfectly well that the Chief ought to have absolute and arbitrary power 10 discharge without giving a reason to anybody. To destroy

New York Sun (Dem.), July 3. the authority of the head of a Department or of a great postoffice like that of New This is another step toward establishing here more perfectly the civil-service York city, would be to invoke anarchy and chaos. Clerks are often dismissed for systems of England and China ; but we fancy that we can see an obstacle to the reasons that it is not best should be discussed in public, aud many scandals would success of the bill which it can never get over.

We refer to the Hon. Grover arise if they were brought to court that are now quietly disposed of. The civil Cleveland. He would never sign it. Certainly no Democrat could vote for it, for service is not the military service by a good deal, and it cannot be subjected to it is as directly opposed to the principles of Democracy as Brother Edmuods and similar rules without ruining it.

Brother Cleveland were opposed to each other on the matter of the district atlorWashington Critic (Ind.), July 2.

neyship of the eastern district of Alabama. DEMOCRATS, as a rule, look with suspicion upon any measure, however plausible

New York Evening Post (Ind.), July 2. it may look on its face, that the Vermont Senator introduces. His latest proposed Some capable men might be found ready to take charge of offices under Mr.

[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

of Governor Hill, who believes that all appointments by the President should be made independent of the Senate.—Troy Telegram (Rep.), July 1.

The scheme is, from a business point of view, simply absurd. · The political advantages to be had from it are doubtful, and so far as they are real can be more safely had in another way.–N. Y. Times (In.l.), July 2.

[ocr errors]

nt a measure.

[ocr errors][ocr errors]


unds' bill, but if they did so they would probably at once go to work to break n. They would let inefficiency and disorder have full swing, and refuse to co court with trumpery stories about A's coming late, and B's drinking, and eing unmannerly, and D's spelling badly and blotting his books, until the offices became public nuisances, and the law was repealed.

Pittsburgh Dispatch (Ind.), July 2. E great trouble is that the bill stands but a slight chance of getting through ession. Congress is already laboring under the pressure of warm weather and priation bills, and is not likely to take time to consider and pass upon so im

It may possibly get far enough along to carry the matter over ve issue to the next session, with some instructions from sundry constituenarown in.

New York Herald (Ind.), July 3. E bill can never pass; it is only a “bull against the comet.” But every of Mr. Edmunds must regret that in a fit of petulance he should propose so -headed and fatal a measure, and one which, as he has the reputation of a civil-service reformer, is sure to bring disrepute upon that reform. He ses, in fact, to make the old Tweed charter a part of the Federal system.

Nashville American (Dem.), July 2. EDMUNDS' views upon this question have undergone a marvelous change in redibly short space of time. It was but a few months ago that he succeeded mitting his party to the policy, or rather to the prosession of the policy, of ng all nominations because of the President's resusal to submit to the Senate's on, thereby stripping him of all power of appointment whatever.

National Republican (Rep.), July 2. EDMUNDS' bill, which proposes an enlargement of the independent power Executive in the matter of appointments, is likely to provoke a great deal osition by reason of the very general belief that the Presidential office is I with quite enough of power under existing laws. The tendency of the s toward distribution rather than concentration of authority.

Washington Star (Ind.), July 1. EDMUNDS' bill is doubtless designed to relieve its author and his nearest rs of the stern necessity of repeating last spring's performance in the Duskin The inference is that such a waste of public time, having no better exhan the stress of partisan politics, does the Senate more harm than the ent.

Brooklyn Union (Ind.), July 2. An is not removed without deserving removal unless his place is “wanted,” less it can be filled by the person for whom it is wanted. It is inconceivat Mr. Edmunds is not familiar with this elementary part of the subject; and _t to be inconceivable that he should wish to go over all this ground again.

St. Paul Press (Rep.), July 3. TOR EDMUNDS' four-years tenure of office bill is in the line of civil-service in that the designated officials are of immediate appointment by the Presid not mediately through the Senate, and cannot be moved on any partisan during the four years. The bill seems to have much to commend it.

Richmond Whig (Dem.), July 4. stor EDMUNDS' bill is in rather striking contrast to the Senator's position in -y part of the session, when he tried to induce the Senate to reject nearly mominations the President had made. Perhaps he has seen the error of his d the introduction of his bill is a quiet way of acknowledging

Springfield Republican (Ind.), July 3. EDMUNDS' bill will awaken wide interest as by far the most searching and I proposal of reform yet introduced in Congress. It is a striking fact that es with Gov. Hill in regard to the practical inutility of the principle of Sen. confirmation of executive nominations at least for minor offices,

Chicago Herald (Ind.), July 2. IDE of the provision governing removals, which is hardly worth serious atthe bill will commend itself to that large element which is jealous of the of the Senate and weary of the useless spoils contentions which continually tween it and the Executive.


New York Sun (Dem.), July 7. Or the 670 members of the House of Commons 392 had been returned according to the latest summary attainable. Of these 210 are credited to the Conservatives, and 41 to their allies, the Liberal dissentients. In other words, the antagonists of the government begin the fifth day of battle with an aggregate array of 251 seats. On the other side the Gladstonians are said to have 100 and the Parnellites 4.1, or 141 in all. There are 278 districts to be heard from. Of these the Parnellites are absolutely certain to carry 45, which leaves 233 to be sought over he. tween the friends and the opponents of the present premier. Outof this remnant the Tories and their consederates must capture 90 to reproduce the vote of 341 by which they threw out the home-rule bill on June 7. They must get 85 lo olo. tain the smallest possible majority of 2 in a full House, or 336 in all. Where are they to get these votes? Can they hope for them in Scotland, wliere Mr. Goschen, an archi-dissident, and another deserter from the Liberal ranks have been scathingly rebuked? Can they count on them in Wales, where most of the false Liberals who left their leader in the lurch have lacked the courage to seek ination? In the English counties, then, if anywhere, the votes needed by the enemies of Gladstone must be won. What Hodge may co no man can tell, but this at all events seems certain, that a downright Tory majority, secured upon the savage platsorin of renewed coercion, is out of the question. A mongrel majority, made up parlly of men who are willing to concede a Dublin Parliament under certain conditions, but who object to ratify the specific scheme proposed by Glad. stone, is unquestionably possible. But even this is not assured, and can not be till we have heard from most of the English counties as well as from Wales and Scotland.

New York Mail and Express (Rep.), July 7. IF in the elections to come the rally of Toryism keeps pace in any notable degree with what is shown at the present moment, it is entirely probable that the three Liberal elements together—Gladstone men, Parnell men, and Liberal Unionists—will be outnumbered by the Tories In that case, the queer result of the effort to do justice to Ireland will be to put the whole British Empire once more under the Tory yoke. Prejudice will have gone so deep that in order to keep Ireland away from the enjoyment of a ʻliberal system England will have denied a liberal system and a progressive government to herself. England will be face to face with the logical consequences of a policy inspired by the fear of popular ideas and apprehension of the people, and in forging new chains for Ireland will have supplied some links that the Tories will proceed to fit on her own limbs. There is nothing mean about Salisbury in the sense of his readiness to give effect to the most extremely reactionary policy that is possible in the circumstances. He simply does not believe in progress and liberty; believes, in fact, that the whole liberal theory of the world is a mischievous delusion. He would revive the curfew if he had a chance. He can not, of course, go very far with reactionary policy in the England of to day, but he may be counted upon for the full length of the rope given. It is not the first time in the history of parties that a people have voted away their own hopes and prospects in going forward with blind energy to the accomplishment of some other purpose. They have seen only Ireland in this case, but in voting against her they have put power into the hands of a party that will use it for other purposes, and for some purposes that may surprise the people of England.

Baltimore American (Rep.), July 7. It is still possible—though highly improbable—that Gladstone may make sufficient gains in the agricultural districts to make up his losses. The chances are, however, that these will increase the Conservative majority against him. But, supposing Gladstone to suffer increased disasters, it does not at present seem at all probable that the Tories will have a clear majority. It will require the Tories, the old Whigs and the discontented Liberals, led by Chamberlain, all added together, to make a majority against Gladstone, and it will be a very serious question whether it will be possible to organize a ministry that will stand. Salisbury, Hartington and Chamberlain agree in nothing except opposition to Gladstone. They have proven strong as a party of opposition, but will they be able harmoniously to carry on the government, in the face of so powerful a leader as Gladstone, backed by so solid a following? Will such a ministry be able to do anything at all in the face of Irish obstructive tactics? It is more than doubtful that Salisbury would take office unless he has a clear Conservative majority. Hartington might form a coalition ministry and make the effort, but it could hardly be successful. Yet, the fact that this great question has been submitted to the British people, and has received so enormous a popular support, marks it out for ultimate success. England alone opposes it. Ireland, Scotland and Wales support home rule. In this fact alone, carefully considered, there is a vast significance.

Brooklyn Times (Rep.), July 6. The most encouraging news that has crossed the Atlantic since the elections opened comes to-day from Edinburgh. In that city, in spite of the bitter hostility of the Scotsman, the Liberals have swept the field, winning two seats that had been held by so-called Unionists” and giving to the Gladstone delegation from Midlothian a clear gain of three seats. The most gratifying feature of the Edinburgh election is the defeat, by a large majority, of the renegade Goschen, who has held a position of leadership in the ranks of the seceders. Goschen is a man of brains and ability; his influence among the Liberals was scarcely less than that of

n hardly be supposed that the Senate will agree to this proposal, and per=. Edmunds does not expect them to do so, but that a man of his age and ace should venture on such a mild form of cynical jocularity, to say the

it, is peculiar.—-Newark News (Dem.), July 5. bill is in line with the growing democratic idea hostile to the confirmatory f the Senate. It goes only part the way toward the abandonment of that put as a step in that direction it will doubtless be heartily welcomed by als.-Omaha Bee (Rep.), July 2. spoils of office may be a political evil, but they are nothing to the pestiey would prove if dragged into court on the ermine tails of the judges'

Edmunds panacea is not worth more than Col. Seller's eye Press (Ind.), July 1. for EDMUNDS is out with a civil-service reform scheme which leaves it to States judges to decide whether subordinate officials shall be removed or I that is needed now is to find non-partisan judges.—Baltimore Herald

[ocr errors]

July 3.

FOR EDMUNDS has evidently been gathering inspiration from the fountain

[ocr errors]

Chamberlain himself. The Tories recognized the value of his services, and they Catholic countrymen to any extent without risking anything but their own heads.
spared no effort to aid his re-election, and he himself went to Edinburgh when If their provocation proves to be too great for the forbearance of the Catholics, the
Gladstone did, and made an earnest personal canvass of his district. But in spite explosion that follows will be interpreted in England as a fresh proof of the inca-
of Tory and Whig he was snowed under by a large majority. Edinburgh has pacity of the Irish for self-government.
done well. It has retired Jack, Wilson and Goschen, and filled their places with

Brooklyn Eagle (Dem.), July 7.
men who can be trusted to give loyal support to the Liberal leader. The news of
the work it has done will give new heart and hope to the Liberals all over the

MR. GLADSTONE was beaten by the votes of sixteen members, which gave the kingdom; it gives assurance that Scotland is all right and it will strengthen the Tories and Radicals a majority of 30 against him. Granting that his own vote is hands of the Home Rulers everywhere. May it prove the turning point in the

reduced to 300, he will still be at the head of a party powersul, compact, trustbattle!

worthy. That party will outnumber any other by a strong majority. A coalition Brooklyn Union (Ind.), July 6.

ministry formed of the Whigs, Radicals, and Tories, who together will outnumber

the Gladstoneites by about 30, will be an impossibility, except as a mere demonACCORDING to the London quidnuncs this would mean a “crushing defeat” for

stration. It cannot govern, because it will not be able to put forward a single the premier and his Irish policy. Whatever may be the complexion of the ma

measure that will not instantly be beaten down, unless it becomes the mere agent jority in the next House of Commons it is certain that it will be compelled to

of Mr. Gladstone. A defeat at the polls now, therefore, will have the effect of attempt some solution of the Irish question. There can be no Conservative ma merely postponing for a short time the inevitable concession of home rule to Irejority without the aid of the Unionist Liberals, and it is not hard to prophesy that

land. Some advantage, of course, will have been gained, because coercion can the Tories would very soon find the dictation of their Radical allies intolerable,

never again be applied, and before very long a just and equitable relation will be But their only relief from it would be the support of the Parnellites, and that could entered into. only be secured by the promise of a liberal measure of justice to Ireland. It is impossible to imagine any verdict at the polls emphatic enough to relieve the next

Philadelphia Inquirer (Ind.), July 7. ministry of all concern about the course of the home rulers. They will un

The defeat of Mr. Gladstone would seem to have no other possible consequence questionably be in a position to compel attention to their demands, whether they sorm

than the Hobson's choice of Lord Salisbury's plan of a twenty years' coercive policy part of the opposition or of the working majority of the government. The worst

for Ireland; but though Mr. Gladstone should be deseated, it is apparent that the that the elections can bring forth is a temporary check to the cause of home rule, opposition will not be powerful enough numerically in the Commons to execute and whoever may assume the task of forming a ministry will very soon be as firmly any such rigorous policy. The alliance between the Conservatives and the Unionimpressed as Mr. Gladstone is now with the fact it will be impossible to proceed ists could not possibly endure the strain for a single day that the policy of coercion with British legislation till the Irish question is settled.

would put upon it. Though the Liberals should be overborne, there is still hope

for the principle of home rule. The new scheme may be less just or generous Philadelphia Times (Ind.), July 7.

than Mr. Gladstone's, yet to be successful it must necessarily be not wholly unlike The later reports of the British elections are more noteworthy for personal in it. The friends of home rule for Ireland need not begin to despair just yet. terest than political significance. It is almost as much a problem as ever as to how the representation in the next House of Commons will be divided. It is already

New York Tribune (Rep.), July 7. established, however, that some familiar faces will be missed from Westminster The election news is consusing, if not unintelligible, when taken in detail, it and many distinguished names will once more be found on the list. Among the not being apparent in all cases whether successful Unionists replace Tories or deseats most to be regretted are those of Justin McCarthy for Derry and Mr. Saun

Gladstonian Liberals. But the outlook for the Prime Minister is certainly unfavorders for East lull. Mr. McCarthy was beaten by only three votes. When he able. The county divisions may disclose unexpected gains for him as they did last was a candidate in the same division at the last election the majority of his oppo year, and in this way his losses in the boroughs may be counterbalanced. The nent was much larger. His great increase in strength shows that even in the Conservatives were premature in their rejoicing then, and may be surprised by Protestant parts of Ireland a little more coercion will make the majority of the Hodge once more. The Gladstonian managers have not counted upon gaining people home rulers. Mr. Saunders was beaten by thirty-seven votes. His di

seats in the counties where their vote was so favorable then. It is not impossible vision was a close one before home rule entered into English politics, and his

that the rural constituencies wil yet come to the rescue of Ireland; but this re-
vote to sustain Mr. Gladstone cost him his re-election. Both these gentlemen are sult is not, we are sorry to say, to be regarded as probable.
journalists, Mr. McCarthy being well known in this country, and Mr. Saunders,

Philadelphia Press (Rep.), July 7.
who was the founder of the Central Nerus, is the editor of a paper with the sug-
gestive name of the Democrat.

IT IS already clear that Mr. Gladstone will be beaten. His followers still rely

on Scotland, Wales and the country districts of England to furnish him with a maNewark News (Dem.), July 6.

jority. But the voting of the past two days has made it apparent that any Gladstone THE outlook of the British parliamentary elections, at present, is far from being majority which may still be returned will be so small as not to constitute a "workencouraging to Mr. Gladstone and the friends of Ireland, the advocates of home ing majority.” Hodge is still to hear from. He may do splendidly and the rule. It is true that no battle is lost until it has been absolutely won, and there is present prospects of the “classes” may prove to have been illusory in consequence. yet some hope that the rural vote may offset the Liberal losses in the cities and But it does not now seem possible that he should give his leader enough of a ma

Of course, the croakers on the one side and the jubilant on the other are jority to warrant the latter either in assuming a popular national endorsement of predicting Mr. Gladstone's retirement from politics in the face of a crushing defeat, his principle of a Dublin Parliament or in undertaking to carry his old measure but those who know the astute and persistent premier better place but little faith

through another Parliament. in such predictions. Prolific of ideas and daring almost to reckless desperation at

Baltimore Sun (Ind.), July 7. limes, Mr. Gladstone is a hard man to beat, especially when he has for his objects

The defeat of Mr. Gladstone seems to be conceded by his own supporters. The such causes as those of justice and mercy. It is far more probable that he will meet a Commons composed of such heterogeneous materials that no ruling party can be

agricultural laborers saved him from utter discomfiture last November after the at once evolved from it, with a reconstructed scheme for Irish pacification so de

boroughs had gone against him, and it is not cerlain that they will not repeat that vised as to force Chamberlain and Harlington back to their straight Liberal alle

performance. À Gladstone ministry is now, however, it may perhaps be conceded, giance and place Salisbury and his clique in such a dilemma that they care not too

out of the question. The present cabinet may be expected to resign about the bitterly oppose it under penalty of being branded as tyrants and oppressors.

middle of August. Whether the cabinet that succeeds it will command a working

majority of Tory votes, or will need the help of the Liberal-Unionists, is the probNew York Herald (Ind.), July 7.

lem now occupying the minds of British politicians.
It is now pretty clear that Mr. Gladstone will not have a working majority in

New York Star (Dem.), July 7.
the next Parliament. He has done a Titan's work, however, and his failure is
worth more than the success of the opposition. No man ever fought more bravely

THERE is evidently nothing left to hope for until the returns from the counties or persistently. He has led a forlorn hope. The scholarship of England, in great

shall come in. If the farmer, and especially the farm laborer, shall fail to vote for part, and the aristocracy and the landed gentry have fought against him with cles

home rule, there will be trouble in England. The fight for home rule will be set peration. Nevertheless he represents, as no other man in the United Kingdom

back not only by the defeat of Gladstone at the polls, but perhaps by acts of vio

lence from which it will be difficult to restrain an outraged and disappointed does to-day, the cause of progress. That all who enjoy class sovereignty should op

people. We fear that Mr. Parnell's influence will be heavily taxed to keep his pose him is to be expected. Few men are patriotic enough to vote for the distribution of the privileges which they have exclusively enjoyed. They see that with

people to the course of moderation which has shown them to be competent for

the increase of popular power will come disestablishment, and close at its heels
abolition of tlic prerogatives of primogeniture. What they are resisting, then, is not

New York World (Dem.), July 7.
simple home rule for Ireland—that is leather and prunella. They are resisting The latest returns of the English elections show the Tories and Unionists win.
the ominous advance of democracy, the invasion of class rights and the social and

ning all along the line and the plucky Gladstonians alarmed lest the Conservatives political changes which they suggest.

should be returned in numbers sufficient to form an independent working majority. New York Times (Ind.), July 7.

The Unionists have secured fully one-half of the Liberal seats so far, and the
Tories have a net gain of twenty-one seats to their credit. Still

, Mr. Gladstone's The next House of Commons will not pass a home-rule bill. That is the im

best districts have yet to be heard from.
porlant fact decided by the general elections. On the other hand, it is plain that
á home-rule bill will be passed, whether under the lead of Mr. Gladstone, of his

Buffalo Courier (Dem.), July 6.
successor in the Liberal leadership, who will now assuredly not be Mr. Chamber Early in the elections of last year the stop-gap Salisbury administration was
lain, or of any Tory minister who has the audacity to imitate Disraeli's trick of

equally near success, when Hodge, who had been almost forgotten in the polítical 1867. It is probable that the life of the next House will not be much longer calculations, deemed it his time to speak, and when the newly enfranchised voted than that of the last. The most formidable element in the existing situation is fur the doom of the Tories was sealed. Hodge has yet to be heard from, and there nished by the Orangemen in Ireland. As the anniversary of the Boyne approaches is room for believing that when he speaks he will turn the anti-home-rule boasts they have the serene consciousness that they can taunt and irritate their Roman into lamentation.


[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]

* *

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

peculiar fashion. Since Mr. Holman returned to Washington from Indiana, PRESIDENTIAL POSSIBILITIES.

whither he went to fix up his fences, there has been a great deal of talk among the GROWING interest in the personnel of the Presidential tickets for '88 is clearly

Democracy about renominating Mr. Cleveland in 1888. But the sun will not

have it so, and it has, in a double-leaded article, nominated the Grand Old Man of inced by the prominence which discussion of candidates and chances has Greystone, who “ could have won in 1880, as well as in 1884, and who can win in eady attained. It would be much easier to fill several volumes than a few pages 1888, and whose name is Samuel Jones Tilden.” Of course it is, but it should be th“ Presidential possibilities,” for the former would not necessitate the labor

remembered that it was given him a long, long while ago, and that he has borne at has been expended in extracting from a great mass these fairly representative

it so long, especially as a seeker for the Presidential office, as to render it some

what trite and stale. Two years soon come and go, but yet in two years very exinions and suggestions.

traordinary changes may and do occur in political lise. President Cleveland is eviNew York World (Dem.).

dently growing stronger in the admiration of his party, and he may, before 1888, Ex-SENATOR FRANCIS KERNAN expresses the opinion that if the Presidential

grow strong enough to secure the renomination; but as for Mr. Tilden, he can minating Conventions should be held to-morrow and Mr. Blaine should be the

grow only weaker, for he is in no position of vantage as Mr. Cleveland is to publican candidate, the Democrats would at once nominate Mr. Cleveland as

strengthen his hold upon the regards of the Democracy. His greatest element of opponent. Is not this an error of judgment? The Democratic convention

popularity was the Fraud Cry of 1876. But that is a very old cry now, and will uld, of course, have the greatest respect for Mr. Cleveland, and would, beyond

be older in 1888, with no power whatever to set the echoes flying for Mr. Tilden ibt, indorse the honesty and general excellence of his administration quite as

in another campaign. mly as the Republican convention of 1884 indorsed the admirable administra

Boston Herald (Ind.). of President Arthur, as the convention of 1880 indorsed the administration of WHEN Field-Marshal Halstead, of the Cincinnati Commercial-Gazette, comes sident Hayes, and as the convention of 1876 indorsed the administration of to the seashore in the summer and seeds on clams, he always gets a clearer view neral Grant, without giving either of them the nomination. At the same time of the political siluation, and sometimes, like the clam, he opens his shell and puts ppears to us that the object of the convention would be to select as the party's out his sensitive feelers. The clam season is now open, and the free-feeding didate under such circumstances some one from whom Mr. Blaine could not Halstead's initials appear at the foot of a letter in the Commercial-Gazelle, under w the large number of Democratic votes that was cast for him in 1884. The date of New York, which is opposite Coney Island. The effect of the clam diet row escape of the Democracy from defeat in 1884 was due to the fact that a appears in the remark that “ Senator Sherman is the best equipped man for Presie and important body of Democrats turned from Mr. Cleveland, some to Gen. dent," but there is a lack of clearness in the vague observations about the possibiler and some to Mr. Blaine, Would a Democratic convention, is held to-mor bilities of another candidate from Ohio, and one from California. What can he , come to the conclusion that the stalwart Democratic delection from Mr. mean? Those last clams must have been muddy. He recognizes Mr. Blaine as Jeland would be less now than it was in 1884; that the great labor and Irish an important factor, either for himself or someboly else, but seems to see him eričan Democratic vote would be less likely to preser Mr. Blaine to Mr. Cleve. darkly as through a clamshell. This diet works wonders, but it must be continued I now than it did then? And if the judgment of the convention should fail to a few days more to get rid of the mud. Halstead ought to live forever by the sea. h such a conclusion, would not its wisdom point out the expediency of select He, if any man, could tell what the wild waves are saying. 2 candidate who would solidly unite the Democracy and prevent any of its ral allies from going over to the enemy? In the event suggested by Mr.

Concord, N. H., Monitor (Rep.). nan would not Gov. David B. Hill be a more probable nominee than Mr.

The Republican candidate in 1888 will be some stalwart and representative ReFeland ? Gov. Hill carried this State last year by a plurality more than ten

publican. No Mugwump and no man suspected of any sympathy with the bolters s larger than that secured by Mr. Cleveland in the preceding year's Presiden

will be nominated. There is no likelihood that the Democrats will re-nominate election. His success was due to the fact that he satisfied The Democratic

Mr. Cleveland. On the contrary, the indications are that they will select some out- and received its solid support.

Certainly Mr. Francis Kernan's

spoken disciple of Jackson. Such promises to be the situation. What will be the ion is erroneous is the object of the Democratic convention should be to select

attitude of the professional reformers? They can nominate a third ticket, and can, didate who would defeat Mr. Blaine in New York; and can it be doubled

perhaps, thus make possible the election of the “incorrigible spoilsman,” who is the loss of the electoral vote of New York would make the success of a

morally certain to be the Democratic candidate. What will be gained to the cause ocratic President almost impossible?

of reform ? They have destroyed their influence in both parties. They have an

tagonized and incensed the Republican party, the only party from which they ever Philadelphia Record (Ind.).

received, or were likely to receive, any encouragemeni or aid. What have they LESS the Republicans in the short time that intervenes till the next Presiden gained ? What are they likely to gain ? IIave they reformed anything or anylection can take a stand against the advancing strides of railroad monopoly, body? n favor of revenue reform and other sound measures of public policy, they

Murat Halstead in Cincinnati Commercial-Gazette (Rep.). be able to give no reason for a political change. The party that stands still SUCH, at any rate, is Mr. Blaine's power, that he could name the next Republin lest in the rear in the march of political development. For two years the can candidate for the Presidency. There are, in a larger view than ever before blican party has been only marking time while the country has been going taken, many reasons why there would be wisdom in selection the presiding officer rd. There is nothing, unfortunately, in the proceedings of the Republican of the Senate of the United States, the Hon. John Sherman, the best equipped of :ntion at Harrisburg that indicates a movement in advance. The refusal to

American statesmen, all things well weighed, for the Chief Magistracy. One curin the provisions of the constitution of Pennsylvania sorbidding unjust freight ous proposition has been quietly put with a view, perhaps, to stimulate thought, minations and the absorption of competing lines of railroad betrayed a sub and it is that Senator Sherman might name another Ohio man for the Presidency, incy to corporate power. The prohibitory liquor resolution was a timid reac and by aid of a judicious New York combination, win with him; but this, I fear, oward the tyranny of a majority over the personal tastes and customs of a is premature. Another is that if Blaine and Sherman would put away all personal ity, involving at the same time a sweeping confiscation of property. If, in Presidential aspirations, they could find in California a stick of timber that would of marching forward, the Republicans should be led back by their leaders to tower like one of the great, red cedars of that State, and that duly decorated would nd candidacy of Blaine, a revolution in their favor would hardly be possible. surely be struck by the Presidential lightning. it case the people would not be compelled to decide between two decaying s that have outlived their usefulness, but between the strong administration

Detroit Tribune (Rep.). : Cleveland, with its record of faithful service, and the dire probabilities in In view of all the circumstances, the comment of the leading Republican news. l in a four-years term of Blaine. In making their decision they would not paper in Ohio that “ two candidates for the Presidency have been suddenly sideatly perplexed.

tracked and derailed,” is none too severe. The remark of the same paper that it Baltimore Sun (Ind.).

is “ better that the discovery which led to this result should have been made now he Republican ranks, notwithstanding the dreadful tattoo marks, which can

than at a later period,” is also timely. It will have the approval of earnest Repubfade away, the most conspicuous figure is still the vanquished leader of 1884.

licans in all sections of the country who believe in the absolute and constant faiththrown to the ground, as he has been time and again, he seems to take re

fulness to his trust of every public official, whether of high or low degree. Messrs.

Logan and Evarts have made a mistake. And if they do not know that now they life and strength, and commands as much as ever the element of enthusiasm party. While it is highly probable that Mr. Blaine will never be President,

will be fully convinced of it in due course of time and of political events. s very much as if the work of decapitation will have to be repeated before

New York Sun (Dem.). nally disposed of. In the meantime his friends and foes are alike watchful,

INSTEAD of growing weaker, Mr. Tilden is far stronger in the respect, esteem, belongs to a class of heroes whose armor is sull of vulnerable points, and it

and affectionate confidence of the American people than he ever was at any preult to tell what a day may bring forth. The law of change goes rapidly on

vious time. If he would consent to be nominated for the Presidency in 1888, (r. Blaine, even if the change is always for the worse. In the Democratic

there is no man, no influence, no attraction, no bewilderment that could possibly Mr. Cleveland is the central figure, whose position is at once his strength

prevent his nomination by the united and unanimous Democracy of the country. i weakness. Others may share responsibility, and play fast and loose with

No matter who should come up with an attempt to take the honor from liim, the lating rogues” who want favors an'l offices, and who rule conventions. But

convention would be deaf as a stone to all persuasion and all promise, and would ) desends the constitution under his oath of office, and who finds himself

be for Tilden and for nobody else. Nor would it be merely the echoes that woull der in a great resorm, cannot palter with principles or place-hunters, but

fly in such a campaign. The principal flying would be done by the Republican and in the very front of the march, and take the chances of conflict with

party. It would be put to rout and utterly smashed forever. There would be no vild and weaponed throng” he is sure to meet.

doubt about the meaning of such a victory, nor any subsequent discussion as to the Philadelphia Inquirer (Rep.).

nature or the value of its achievement. New York Sun has never loved Mr. Grover Cleveland. It did not want

Troy Telegram (Rep.). President in 1884, because, as it said, “ Nobody wanted him.” Acting THE Baltimore News wants a business man elected President next time. The at idea, it did all that it could to defeat him, and, failing to do that, it has occupation of every President thus far has been given either as “lawyer,” “solisailed him both directly and indirectly, generally indirectly, after its own dier,” or “ politician,” the lawyers leading with sixteen, soldiers five, and politi

grow hot.

cians one--Andrew Johnson. It is a little singular that the President who was

Galveston News (Dent.). not a representative politician should be recorded as one, and that some good poli HON. JAMES G. BLAINE is preparing one of his great “ extemporaneous efforts,” ticians who were really pretty good lawyers should also be incorrectly placed. which he expects to fire off early in August, when the Maine campaign begins to The demand for a business man is rather rough on the present incumbent of the

No doubt Mr. Blaine's effort will be eagerly looked for by the Repuboffice, whose hobby has been that he proposed to run the Government on strictly lican brethren all over the country. It will be the key-note for 1888, and all the business principles.

stump orators and organ-grinders will take their cues. In tlic meantime the DemoPhiladelphia Inquirer (Rep.).

crats and Mugwumps should quit making faces at each other. They will be brethren The quarrel of the Administration and the anti-discrimination factions has been again in 1888. very bitter, and a short month ago there was no more prospect of the Democrats

Brooklyn Eagle (Dem.). renominating Mr. Cleveland for President in 1888 than there was of their electing It is useless for Mr. Halstead 10 urge the nomination of Hon. John Sherman the Comte de Paris King of France. But all this has been changed, and Mr. Ran for President. It isn't down on the books. He has no popular qualities. There dall's ready reply to Mr. Reed's taunt about the two wings of the party fapping in is nothing captivating about him. He doesn't storm the public heart or excite the (lifferent directions is to become the war-cry of the Democracy. Mr. Randall's re public imagination. No man feels like hurrahing over a refrigerator. The mentort was, “ IIereaster the wings of the Democratic party will flap together." Of tion of his name excites emotion in nobody. The people want to vote for a thing course they will; they always do flap together whenever there is yoting to be done. of flesh and blood. They can't warm to a fish. Kansas City Times (Dem.).

Auburn Dispatch (Ind.). THE people had got a glimpse of the man they wanted, and they sent for him As between Cleveland and Blaine, conceding that both will be renominated, the tlırough the Democratic Chicago convention. Having secured their choice and

friends of the former need not worry themselves concerning the issue. If Mr. realized their expectations, they will not be slow to show their displeasure when Cleveland continues to wield his power in the conservative manner which has thus the politicians of the old regimes propose their restoration. The Democratic party, far marked his administration, and is renominated in 1888, there is every reason to for twenty years more or less discordant, is having its lines surveyed and its bound

believe that the people of the United States will be content to retain him in the aries marked by the White House engineer, and is making preparation to settle White House for another term. down indefinitely in the old homestead, which for a greater part of a century had

Philadelphia Record (Ind.). been in the possession of aliens and strangers to its faith and family traditions.

PRESIDENT CLEVELAND has not pleased the politicians either of his own party or An Old Observerin The New York Sun (Dem.).

of the opposition, but every day it becomes more and more manifest that the peoYou appear to say, ex cathedra, or as one having authority and not as the scribes, ple-both the Democrats who took him on trust and the Republicans who disthat Governor Hill is “convinced that if Cleveland can't win in '88 there is no trusted him-are behind him and backing him. His sturdy honesty pleases them. other New Yorker who can.” Have you forgotten the Grand Old Man of Grey. The wiser politicians, seeing the drift of the popular current, are beginning to stone? There is one who could have won in 1880, as well as in 1884, and he can hedge. win in 1888, and his name is Samuel Jones Tillen. Ile is not so okl as William

Columbus, Ohio, Dispatch (Ind.). Ewart Gladstone, and is equally vigorous, as witness his letter to Congress on har The idlea that Logan, Evarts, and Teller, not being Ohioans, are not expected to bor defences, and his other recent utterances ! Hosts would like to vote for him

lake a partisan interest in the Payne case, prompts the Springfielel Gazelle to say: again, and thousands will vote for no other Democrat while he survives.

“ This will have a tendency to make Ohio Republicans more • red headed' than New York World (Dem.).

ever, and they will lay for the chance to show Logan and Evarts another lack of

interest in Ohio if either of them should ever want to run for President." The boycotting of Logan and Evarts by the Republicans of Ohio is proceeding with great vigor. Their failure to support the resolution to open up the Payne

Troy Press (Dem.). bribery case has deprived them of the love, confidence, and respect of the John

SOMEBODY writes to the Sun suggesting that Mr. Tilden could be elected in Sherman wing of the party. The Cincinnati Commercial-Gazelie is printing let 1888, and the Sun replies: “Yes, Tilden could surely win when all others would ters and despatches from all parts of the State denouncing the recreant Senators. fail!” There has not been a time in a dozen years or more that Mr. Tilden could « Dead as a Smelt” is one significant licading. « Their Presidential Prospects not carry this State; and he could do so still, if he would consent to run. But he Forever Blasted” is another. Without Ohio, Logan and Evarts inust be counted

has probably scen enough shilly-shallying by Democratic leaders.
out of the struggle. Bul what does Private Dalzell say ?

Brooklyn Times (Rep.).
Pittsburgh Press (Ind.).

Gov. Hill, if you are a wise man, you will watch young Whitney. He means QUITE a number of absolutely disinterested patriots are going about the country mischief. Ile will press you very hard for the Democratic nomination in 1888 if giving it as their very patriotic opinion that the Republican party should not

you keep fooling around the Assembly districts and neglect the great duty of
again nominate Blaine for the Presidency: Mr. Blaine says that he is “out of making yourself solid with the bosses in the Democratic strongholds. You can't
politics,” and has nothing to interfere with the work on his new book except a afford to lose a trick, Governor, if you want to win the game.
few agricultural fairs, at which he has been invited to make a few bucolic re-
marks. So there would appear to be no cause for public alarm on his account.

Memphis Appeal (Dem.).
By the way, President Cleveland is also down for entry at a number of rural fairs. NEARLY two years of politics, and legislation intervene between the present lull
He must be “out of politics,” too, like Blaine.

and the time of noinination. The President is likely to find himself more abused New York Evening Post (Ind.).

between now and then than he has ever been. That he will come through it all

securely anchored in public confidence and trust, so that the next convention will For our part we have been convinced for several weeks past that it was only a

hardly consider any name but his, we feel sure.
question of time when all the Blaine advocates and Blaine himself would discover
that it would not be advisable for him to run again. If he were to make another

National Republican (Rep.), July 5.
campaign, somebody would have to pay a tremendous bill of expenses, and the From present indications it appears highly probable that the next Democratic
prospect of paying it and being descated, too, is not enticing. The idea that it National convention will incorse the Mugwump nomination of Mr. Cleveland. In
would be wiser to nominale somebody who would unite rather than split the Re this connection it is proper to remark that most of the Mugwump voting strength
publican party, seems also to liave gained a foothold in even Blaine men's minds. his already broke loose from the noisy leaders of that faction and is prepared to
Brooklyn T'imes (Rep.).

report for duty at Republican headquarters. It is an unquestioned fact that the Blaine boom has grown stronger every week

St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Dem.). since the last election. If the Mugwumps don't like it, they can console them SENATOR Hvar says that is the people's will had its lawful and constitutional selves with the reflection that it is largely their own fault. Mr. Blaine was beaten, expression Mr. Blaine would now be Presiilent. This hypothetical method will be and went home like a good, law-abiding citizen; but the Mugwumps won't let the only one by which the Republicans will elect a President for some time, but it him alone. They kept poking him up, and firing squibs at him, and exulling over is not always courteous to state explicity where a politician would be if the laws his defeat, and abusing him in a hundred unwise as well as unnecessary ways, had been rigorously enforced. until the Blaine boom became absolutely inevitable.

Kento, Ohio, Dispatch to Cincinnati Commercial Gazette (Rep.). New York News (Dem.).

GEN. LOGAN had many friends here anxious for his nomination to the PresiIt is useless to endeavor to disguise the fact that the prevailing Democratic senti. dency in 1888. Others were anxious for Blaine and Logan, while others were for ment is hostile to the operation of the law of bogus civil-service resorm, that was spec Evarts and foraker, or some other Western man. Now all have gone back on ially designed and framed by the Republicans to keep their own partisans in office their first choice, and demand of Senator Sherman that he embrace the golden opand Democrats out of office. If the President adheres to his policy in this matter portunity of liis lise. the national Democracy will have to fight its next battle independently of the Ad

Memphis Avalanche (Dem.). ministration and with relations much to be deprecated toward their standard

None will accuse John «. Logan of corruprion or of sympathy with corrupbearer of the last campaign.

tion. Either hostility 10 Sherman or rear of alienating the pwwersul Republican Philadelphia Times (Ind.).

Standard-oilers has driven him to an act which will probably do more to hurt him The fact that the President of the “ National Blaine Association," of Washing

with his party in Ohiu and elsewhere than all his soldier speeches will do to lielp ton, sent a congratulatory telegram to General Fitz John Porter may be taken as

him. one more evidence that the man from Maine does not intend to let any guilty op

Petersburg Index-Appeal (Dem.). portunity escape. Logan had gotten about all the glory obtainable from the anti It is not likely that the Republican ticket, with or without Alcorn's name, will Porter side of the Porter issue, and somebody might as well get what there be successful two years hence, but if, by an aMicting dispensation of Providence

, was to get on the Porter side. Now that Portef is successful the Blaine Associa we are to have the Republican party in power once more we sincerely trust that he tion is decidedly “for him.”

or some other Southern man of character and brains will have

a place on the ticket.

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »