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audiences which listened to Emerson and to Dr. Holmes. He was menced his English history he dictated, and he found that some of his works thus rary with the remarkable group of litteratures now falling by the way, produced were better received than others. Dictation, he said, enables one to be mall, and enjoyed and contributed to their society. His talent was not less fastidious and more natural. He lived in the same place for forty years, geirs, but it was his own, gave him a respectable place in their midst, humble as it looked, and one of his reasons for not changing was that he had xercised like theirs, to lift the people up to the great moral and political around him 30,000 volumes, which he declared he “never could get properly which the last half of his life has witnessed. Never did a school of removed and re-arranged.”. -Marshal MacMahon, the illustrious general of whom ecturers, poets, novelists, and preachers turn the earth upon a revolution France is justly proud, is engaged upon the compilation of his memoirs.The y as did these men, and to the great end of freedom Mr. Whipple also Attorney-General has decided that the Police Gazette, and papers of that class, Achievement of that end, and the rise of a new school of literature, can not be sold in Kansas, under a law passed at the last session of the Legislarent moral purposes, if any at all, has hurried the world along, and it is ture. A discovery of great literary importance has been made by M. Pierre Mr. Whipple will leave much which will be read in the future. Mr. de Nohlac, of the School of Higher Studies, Paris. He has found that the
figure will be recalled as that of a slender man, with a large head on a Vatican MSS. 3195, containing the songs (Canzonsère) of Petrarch, is an auto: His eyes were far apart and very prominent, and bespoke good per graph of the poet himself
, and consequently will not be subjected to the more or expression. He kept a literary fireside at Boston in a humble way. less conjectural readings and corrections of critics. He has also discovered the Daily Republican.
autographs of the Eclogues and the De sui ipsius et multorum ignorantia of the
Same Petra An account of this rem ole literary event will be given in the ortunities in youth for preparation for the work to which his manhood
“Historical Journal of Literature,” about to be published. -Miss Cleveland's were meagre, but he made the most of them. His school-days were acquiring the knowledge adapted to fit him for a business career. His
story, now in press at Detroit, is a summer sketch of modest dimensions and aims, 5 the Mercantile Library Association's books and debating club, but he
written by her several years ago. It is a novelette, not a novel. -Compliments pulse of his faculties, and gave them all the opportunity his circum
to our writers are grudgingly paid by English critics, e.g, The Saturday Review mitted. At the age of 24 he published an essay which put him at once
says of Prof. Whitney's work on Sanskrit roots and verb forms, recently published rank of American reviewers and drew to him attention from abroad.
in Leipzig, that it “supersedes all its predecessors, and starts a fresh epoch in
Sanskrit studies.” Of Harrison and Baskervill's “ Handy Anglo-Saxton Dictiontime his life-work was determined, and for thirty years he continued to public by successive series of essays concerning literature, lise, and
ary,” founded on Grosschopp's Grein, it feels “bound to confess, to the discredit hat were always welcomed with gratification by intelligent and earnest
of English scholarship,” that it is “by far the best work of its kind in the lanfor a few years his pen has been less busy and his health has been pre
guage.” The Athenæum says of the translation of Balzac, which Roberts Bros. are The attenuated vital thread was suddenly broken; but for long years to:
publishing, that it is “very much above the average of English translation of
French." -Mr. Stockton's novelette, which will begin in the August Century tudent of English and American literature who seeks for a strong and - to inform his intelligence and educate his judgment will be referred
and run through three numbers, is called “ The Casting Away of Mrs. Lecks and s of Edwin P. Whipple.—Boston Advertiser.
Mrs. Aleshine.” In the July number there will be an anecdotal sketch of Mr.
Stockton, by C. C. Buel. -Mr. Julian Hawthorne is quoted as having said reeath of Mr. Whipple Boston loses, in the ripeness of years and of fame, cently : “I am sorry to say that three new books of mine will probably be publiterary critic and one of its representative authors. For nearly fifty lished during the summer and autumn. The first is a short novel, . John ParWhipple has been known to the American public as a critic and author. melee,' recently contributed to the Boston Evening Record; the second is a volrk of a notable character was an essay on Macaulay, which, as the pro ume of critical essays written since 1883, some of which have appeared in The a young man in his 25th year, was as remarkable in its way as was North American Review and Princeton Review; the third is a volume of two essay on Milton, which was written when he was fresh from college; short stories, written some years ago
-Mr. Beecher's sermons in England are der is greater in Mr. Whipple's case than in that of Macaulay. The to be reported monthly in The Brooklyn Magazine. Mrs. Beecher has promised had received the choicest education which England can bestow upon to furnish the magazine with a series of “ Letters from England.” -Crabbe's youth, while young Whipple had never seen the inside, even, of an Poems have been added to Cassell's National Library. -Funk & Wagnalls have bllege, and had picked up his culture, his style and his general concep
“ The Life of Schuyler Colfax,” by J. O. Hollister, a member of the criticism ought to be by the process of an almost exclusively self-edu Colfax family. The biography has been prepared with the approval and assistent of his thought supplying the lack of training in the schools. Many ance of Mrs. Colfax. lucated themselves, but comparatively few have risen, as Mr. Whipple
BOOKS OF THE WEEK. ighest rank as literary critics, without the amplest preparation and the Owing to the bewildering variety recently introduced into the size and form of printing paper the - Boston Herald.
old designation of books, as 4to, Evo, 12mo, &c., gives little indication of size; we shall
therefore, in order to be of most service to our readers, give the measures of books in inches , at his home in Boston, of Edwin P. Whipple removes from the lite and quarters, the number first given being the length. We shall also add the number of pages this country one who, if not in the fullest sense a great author, was
and icind of binding. riter of exquisite literary culture, of remarkable critical acumen and SOME PHASES. A Review of Ingersoll and his Methods. By Ottoman Hebern Rothacker. graceful yet vigorous style. By the bent of his talent Mr. Whipple
634X572, 60 PP, paper covers. 50 cents. Hatchet Publishing Co., Washington, D. O.
The author of this little brrchure is modest enough to call it a "mob of thoughts," rely critical rather than creative. In this direction, and as a writer of
rather than a “train of thoughts." We don't know but that he may be right, but ays, he did much to improve and direct the literature of his time. He there is method and design in the "mob.” To say the least, wo like it. We wish that in the best sense, never sacrificing exactness or good nature to the
all who have read Ingersoll would read this; but then it is hard to get such go
thoughts into thoughtless minds. The style is brilliant. Many of the sentences are brilliant writing, always calm, fair, and judicial. In later days the
gems. It offers a chance for a rich Christian to do good by the purchase of a few d and the lecture room audience have read and heard but little from hundred thousand of them for distribution among young men. We wish it may be yriter and lecturer, but in the rare days when Emerson and Hawthorne
done. ow and Choate were at their best, Mr. Whipple was one of the magic THE OTHER SIDE.- A social study based on fact. By M. A. Foran. Gray & Clarkson, ot the least honored and regarded of the band of men who gave Bos
Washington, D. C. 7%85%2, 461 pp, cloth, gilt.
This is a novel with a purpose, that purpose being to justify the laborer in the late y pre-eminence.---The Christian Union.
struggle between capitalists and the employed. The language is bold, at times
eloquent; the plot is ingenious and wrought out with considerable skill. It is bound of Mr. E. P. Whipple, the Boston critic, recalls how short the period nything that may be called literary activity in America. His writings
HANDBOOK OF BOSTON. By Moses King. Moses King, 279 Broadway, N. Y. 8x5%, 300 miliar to the present generation of readers, and they are not likely to
pp., cloth, gllt. any future generation. Indeed, his criticism was neither so discrim Next to going to Boston and sooing the sights of the "Hub," the best thing we know illuminating as to give it permanent value; but it did useful service
of is this handbook. It is full of illustrations; they are on nearly every page and
really very good. The early history of the city is satisfactory, and the effort to bring eaders especially to the American writers who were just beginning
the work down to date is remarkably successful. s enough to be able to print their books. He coached the public to uicker appreciation of Emerson and even Longfellow than it would
THE DESTRUCTION OF GOTHAM. By Joaquin Miller. Tunk & Wagnalls, New York. 734X
5, 214 pp., cloth. nout him. That he was himself so nearly forgotten in his own life A powerful story, intensely dramatic, and intended to reveal in the garb of fiction ot only the briefness of the period since we became a reading people, some plain truths which the devotees of Mammon had better hoed before it is too late. id advancement also toward the appreciation of a more subtle if not
PAMPHLETS. riticism than his.—Brooklyn Union.
THE BATTLE OF THE BOOKS, &c. By Jonathan Swift. Cassell & Co., New York.
MAGAZINES. enry Onderdonk, Jr., author of numerous general historic works,
THE NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW. July. 30 Lafayette square, New York. on June 22 of heart disease at his home in Jamaica, L. I., aged
A mere glanco at tho table of contents Indicatos by its subjects and writers that was principal of the Union Hill Seminary in that village for thirty this number is full of matter which the man of affairs will read with relish and --Prof. Hosmer, of St. Louis, whose « Story of the Jews,” has been proflt. left for England on Wednesday, being engaged in more literary THE NEW JERUSALEM MAGAZINE. July. 169 Tremont street, Boston, Mass. Taylor, of Cambridge, has issued a pamphlet on the original source
Deals exclusively with matters pertaluing to the Swedenborgian church, or from
the standing-point of the New Church faith. It is quite able. ment ethics in his The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles," with
OUTING. July. 140 Nassau street, New York.
Italian the romances of Sacher Masoch. - The Little Black Cab seen some of the engravings bofore.
Co., New York,
Up to its usual standard of excellence. -A new street of Paris will be called after the poet Heinrich
OUR LITTLE ONES. July. The Russell Publishing Co., 36 Broomfield street, Boston, segger is recognized as the most prominent poet in the Styrian
WIDE AWAKE. July. D. Lothrop & Co., Boston. such is very popular.--The late Von Ranke, the great German As charming, if not more charming, than ever. wo secretaries whom he kept busily engaged in reading, looking CASSELL'S FAMILY MAGAZINE. Cassell & Co., New York. making excerpts and writing from his dictation. Since he com
THE MAGAZINE OF ART. Cassell & Co., New York,
to make a sensation.
WIT OF THE WEEK.
ridiculous, and that the Irish would accept Gladstone's proposals as final. Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes recelved from the University of Edinburgh the degree of ĻL. D., In the presence of a distinguished company. The Russian diplomatio representative at Con. stantinople lustructed by his government to call the attention of the Porte to instances in which Prince Alexander is violating the organic laws of Roumelia, and to insist upon the energetic intervention of the Turkish government.
SATURDAY, JUNE 26. DOMESTIC-Ex-Senator David Davis died at his home, Bloomington, Ill. Striko at Ohlcago by Lake Shore switchmen attended by lawlessness and scenes of violence. Eleventh annual meeting of American athletes held at Staten Island. Tenth anniversary of the Custer massacre. Chief Gale, one of sitting Bull's lieutenants, showed a party of officers Where Custer lost his life.
CONGRESSIONAL.-The House in session. Debate on the Sundry-civil bill. BIl to give Government employes 15 days' leave, with pay, passed.
FOREIGN.-Lord Randolph Churchill defends his election manifesto. A Madrid correspondent sends, via the Mackey-Benuett cable, an account of the measures taken by Minister Curry to enforce the terms of the treaty of 1884 with regard to the rights of the United States flag Cuba and Porto Rico.
SUNDAY, JUNE 27. DOMESTIC..The Priscilla arrived at Marblehead. Rumors that Attorney-General Garland will resign. The President returns to Washington. Strike of railroad yard men at New Orleans.
“ DANIEL, what is a miracle ?”
“A miracle, Grover, is something wonderful—something that is not likely to happen."
“Give me an illustration, Daniel."
Well, suppose you were to be married again. If you succeeded in keeping the press in ignorance of the fact, it would be a miracle."
“I take it, then, Daniel, that a miracle is an impossibility.”—The Rambler.
M. PASTEUR is thinking of taking a short vacation. We suggest he go to Cowes, since cows often go to pasture.— Tid-bits.
“WHAT's the matter?” asked a passenger on a Dakota train, as they began to run considerably faster.
Why, you see, there's a blamed cow running ahead of us on the track, and we're trying to calch her.”
“ What do you want to catch the cow for ?”
“Why, great gosh! to kill her, of course! The rules allow us train men the hide and tallow, and the meat goes to the directors. You bet I'm going to catch that cow unless she leaves the track, or run the wheels off of these cars. I told the fireman to break up the trunks in the baggage car, and heave them into the surnace to make a hot fire, and I guess he's doing it.”—Tidbits.
A NEIGHBORING paper reporting a recent social says: “The opening piece was rendered by a mule quartette.” The reporter wrote it “male quartette, but the compositor knew better.
A YOUNG law student was being examined for admission to the Texas bar. Judge Stewart, the chairman of the examining committee, asked him: “If a man who had committed a murder employed you as his lawyer, what would you do toward having him acquitted ?” Student: “Excuse me; but how much money did you say the gentleman had ?”
FIRST DUDE—“Ole fellah, what do you think of Miss Commonsense ?"
Second Dude- Too deuced sahcastic, don't ye know. W'y, the other day we were out widing, she and I, and we passed by one of these donkeys, a miswable animal, you understand, and I asked her the difference between that beast and myself. I thought she would say she didn't know, and I would tell her that the donkey dwew loads and I dwew pictures. Ye know I am a sowt of an ahtist, and that would be a fine joke, bah Jove."
First Dude_"And what did she say?"
Second Dude - She said the only diffwence she could see was in the length of the ears."
A WEALTHY New Yorker had engaged a splendid cottage at Newport, and also a new driver for his horses. The driver was advised to be very polite if he intended to keep his place. Accordingly, when the master visited the Queen Anne stable, the following dialogue ensued : Master—“ Well, John, how are the horses ? " Coachman~" They are quite well, sir, thank you; and how are you?”
It is reported on “persectly reliable authority,” the New York Sun, that the latest conundrum at the London clubs concerns Miss Fortescue, to whom Lord Garmoyle paid £10,000 for not marrying her. This is it: What is the most expensive kind of oil? Garmoyle. Because it costs £10,000 per gal.
• Do you think I could mould public opinion ?” asked an aspiring young politician of a veteran in the profession. Perhaps you might,” said the other; "some of the stories you introduced in your speech seemed a little moldy."
FOREIGN.-The Reichstag, before the close of the session to-day, rejected the brandy-tax bill. Further ighing occurred in Burmah between the Dacoits and the British troops. The latter lost 7 killed and 23 wounded. Gladstone publishes a letter to John Bright in which he says : ** Without losing a moment I beg of you either to publicly except me from your assertion that one year ago all Liberals held Mr. Rylands' opinion, or to give proof of what you say. Never since the home-rule struggle was started, afteen years ago, have I once condemned it in principle, or held in any way the opinions of Mr. Rylands, which, to speak frankly, I think absurd.' M. Lockroy, minister of commerce and industry, addressing the chamber of commerce, 10-day, declared that he was & strong advocate of free trade. The committee of the Chamber of Deputies on the issue of the Papama canal lottery loan decided to closely scrutinize the bill authorizing the loan. The committee demands access to all documents throwing light on the condition of the canal. MM. de Lesseps, Rousseau, and Bathaut will be examined by the committee.
MONDAY, JUNE 28. DOMESTIC.-Class day at Yale. The Lake Shore strike ended in Chicago. The President excuses himself from witnessing the conferring the berretta on Cardinal Gibbons, of Baltimore, on the plea of overwork. The first through train to Vancouver, on the Canadian Pacific railroad, left Montreal. Many of the most prominent men in the city, including representatives of all commercial bodies and thousands of other citizens, wltnessed the departure, and a field battery fired a salute of fifteen guns.
CONGRESSIONAL -Both branches in session, The Chair laid before the Senate the report on the Post-ofice appropriation bill, stating the committee was unable to agree. The Senate then insisted on its amendments; yeas, 33, nays, 12. Mr. Evarts delivered an argu. ment in support of the President's veto to quiet tities of settlers on the Des Moines river lands. Nr. Alison urged the passage of tho bill over the velo. In the House a bill was introduced by Mr. Randall (Pennsylvania), to reduce and equalize duty on Imports, to reduce internal revenue taxes, and to modify the laws in relation to the collection of the reyonue. A preamble and resolutions were submitted by Mr. King (Louisiana), ylewing with great disfavor the contemplated action of the French government, identifying it with the Panama canal, as such action is opposed to the policy of the American people as expressed by the Chief Executive of the United States at the inception of the canal. Mr. Laird (Nebraska), made a severe attack upon Commissioner Sparks in his administration of the General Land Olice.
FOREIGN.—The Porte ordered the withdrawal of 40,000 Turkish troops from the Greek frontler. The Rov. Henry Ward Beocher was on the platform while Mr. Gladstone was speaking at Liverpool. Two men sailed for New York from the Clyde in a boat nineteen foet long. The Chamber of Deputies resumed debate on the bill imposing a surtax op cereals. Prince Luitpold formally made rogent of Bavaria, to administer the affairs of the kingdom during the occupation of the throne by King Otto, the insane successor of Ludwig. Mr. Cyrus Field and Mr. Labouchere soitie their case by taking it out of the courts.
TUESDAY, JUNE 29. DOMESTIC.-The Purllan beats the Priscilla. Assistant Secretary Smith of the Treasury resigns. David Davis buried. Thomas Coggeswell nominated for Democratic governor for New Hampshire. Dr. Whittaker, missionary bishop of Nevada, made assistant bishop of Penpsylvania.
EVENTS OF THE WEEK.
CONGRESSIONAL.—Both houses in session. Senate-Army, Postal, and Agricultural appropriation bills passed. Des Moines land bill passed over the President's veto. The House also passes the Des Moines land bill over the President's veto.
THURSDAY, JUNE 24, DOMESTIC. One of the Milwaukee anarchists, John Protzmann, found guilty, General Arihur goes to New London, Conn., for restoration. The 250th anniversary of the found. ing of Providence, R. I., celebrated by large processions in a heavy rain-storm.
CONGRESSIONAL.-Both branches in session. The Senate debates the Fitz John Porter bill.
House-Mr. Henley makes an attack on President Adams, of the Union Pacific; Mr. Lay defends him. The President vetoes twenty-nine private pension bills. Sixty thousand dollars appropriated for the construction of a light-ship at the entrance of Chesapeake Bay. Democratic Congressmen hold their first caucus this session,
FOREIGN.-Herr Singer, a social democrat and a member of the l'elchstag, expelled from Berlin. The Marquis of Lorne, formerly governor general of Canada, contests the Sevenoaks dl vision of Kent in the coming election as a Gladstonian candidate. The Journal de St. Petersbourg accuses Prince Alexander, of Bulgaria, of violatiog the decisions of Europe, while the Porte, It adds, displays little concern, rendering the situation preg. nant wiin serious danger. Despatches from Rangoon state that a force of British troops, with two batteries, has had a severe 11ght with 1,500 Burmese robels, strongly intrenched near Tummoo. The fight lasted five hours. The British, failing to dislogdo the rebels; retired, Several officers were killed and wounded. The French Senate to-day adopted the bill authorizing the city of Paris to issue a loan of $50.000,000 to inaugurate and carry on public improvements for the purpose of furnishing work to the unemployed, striking out, however, the clause, interpolated by the Chamber of Deputies, forbidding the use of material obtained outside of France.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 30. DOMESTIC.-Archbishop Gibbons is elevated to the cardinalate with imposing ceremonles, the lovestment occurring in the Baltimore cathedral Lice are damaging cotton In the Carolinas. J. A. L. Wilson, secretary and treasurer of the Chesapeake and Dolaware canal company, is said to be a defaulter to the extent or $178,00). The Pennsylvania Re. publicans nominate Gen. James A. Beaver for Governor.
FOREIGN.-The French princes leave France amid atrecting deinonstrations on the part of their friends. John Bright issues a manifesto to his constituents at Birmingham in which he announces that he will not support Gladstone.
FRIDAY, JUNE 25. DOMESTIO.—Boat race between Yale and Pennsylvania crows won by Yale. Class day at Harvard. The President takes a pleasure trip down Chesapeake Bay. Mayor Grace, of New York, removes General Shaler from the presidency of the health department of that city, for bribery. Collision on Chicago, Burlington & Quincy road; four killed and others wounded. Rev. Father Sulliyan seni to prison for eleven years on being found guilty of criminal assault.
CONGRESSIONAL-Mr. Edmunds Introduces in the U. S. Senate a bill to rest in the President of the Unitod States the appointment of sundry inferlor omicers thereof, w rega ulate their tenure
of omice, and to provide for their removal when the public interesis shall require it. The question of open executive sessions is debated in the Senate. Sev: oral vetoos of private pension bllis are sent to the Senate. The legislalivo
appropriatlon bull is under consideration. House–The Pan-Electric investigation committee submits its report. The House Joyotes the day to the sundry-civil bil.
CONGRESSIONAL.-Both houses in session. Bill to relieve Gon. Fitz John Portor passed, Elections Committee decide against lavestigating the Payne bribery charges. HouseSundry-ciyil bill debated. The President arraigned for his veloes.
FOREIGN.-The English parliament prorogueu. Gladstone dellvers an address at Manchester. Mr. Parneli, addressing electors at Portsmouth, said the separation Idea was
FOREIGN.-Elght persons are killed by an accident to the mall train from Belfast to Dublin. The English election excitement intensiles. Oxford confers an honorary degree on Dr, O. W. Holmes.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE PUBLIC OPINION COMPANY.
WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, JULY 10, 1886.
PAN-ELECTRIC TELEPHONE REPORTS. the Democratic members of the Pan-Electric Telephone Investigating ubmitted a report exonerating the Allorney-General and others whose een mentioned in connection with the case that has been brought by tales to test the validity of the Bell telephone patent. The four Rembers of the committee made a report severely censuring the Attor
One of the Democratic members declined to concur in either of • The appended comments are based on these facts.
New York Worlat (Dem.), July 6. use of Representatives should adopt the whitewashing report of the nvestigators and the resolution pronouncing the action of those public red in the Pan-Electric enterprise not censurable, it would lower the -ublic honor. If President Cleveland had promptly rebuked the conblic officers with the Pan-Electric speculation he would have set a good have elevated the standard of public honor. The greatest good the
do for the country is not in his appointments, not in his proclamais vetoes, but in the example he sets of perfect rectitude and unsulthe public service. Mr. Cleveland's struggle against extravagance is , but a few strong, ringing words from the President condemning blic officers which has even the appearance of a disregard of the -ns of official responsibility, would do more to stop official inpropriety - than all the reform letters he could write from now until the close office. The real question involved in this Pan-Electric business is le-one of the lowering or the elevation of the standard of public personal interests of " half a dozen impecunious politicians” who,
to make poker pay, went into the Pan-Electric speculation in the ing a fortune, are not of any public consequence. But it is most a Democratic Administration pledged to reform the condemned epublicanism by the example it sets in this unfortunate business ts determination not to sanction the use of Government offices for es, and its intention to carry out in practice what it has so proclaimed “public office is a public trust.”
Toledo Blade (Rep.), July 3. Garland's opinion and suppressing the facts furnished by Marble, cooped in $35,000, of which $24,000 was clean profit to them. ed the influence of the Government to push the Bell people to the g a suit brought in the name of the United States to contest the
Bell patents, with the sole object of compelling the owners of the comise, or rather to buy them out; and the Bell company might well at a suit backed by the Government, with a Pan Electric schemer, in the company, at the head of the Department of Justice, with his controlled by the interests of the Pan. Electric swindle. Could a nore sense of the fitness of things than to accept a million dollars' ock be depended upon to deal justly when his course as an officer ment would aid materially to render that stock valuable? They the Allorney-General's office, in defiance of all precedent and all to bring suit wherever it would suit them to have it tried, and at they wished. Does all this read like a partisan charge? It is om the majority report of the committee, a committee formed to land and his associates. If his friends talk of him in this strain, nferred by the people except that he is a venal and corrupt man, er of a villainous conspiracy to swindle men out of their money, a the brazen assurance to use his official position to promote an unne to enrich himself? This is the sort of “reformers” the Demoration puts in power!
Springfield Republican (Ind.), July 1. on reported to the House by the four Democratic members of the d do for a verdict if there were added a short statement to the En of the persons named were guilty of incredible assininity in their ers and his Pan concerns. The public judgment upon these men aged by these reports and in all fairness will run about like this: hile technically and perhaps sincerely scrupulous and correct as al, had, as a Senator, suffered himself so easily to become the comtransparent nincompoop, one who only lacked the smartness to swindler, that the Attorney-General's ability is totally discredited, ced and his usefulness to the Administration at an end. Mr. Goode, neral, decided upon the case at first in such haste and with so little
counsel with the Interior Department, as to demonstrate his unAttorney-General pro tem. or in his present official capacity. Mr.
Lamar is not involved; neither is the wisdom of his action in advising that the suit be brought impeached. The official standing of Mr. Atkins and Gen. Johnston and of Senator Harris is not touched, but their reputation as men of sound sense, business capacity and acute sense of honor suffers with that of the rest. sage of the House resolution will neither exonerate nor vindicate anybody who needs it. Such action will simply smirch the House with a scandal which is now the exclusive property of the Administration. The only possible relief for anybody is for the Attorney-General to retire. The Solicitor-General has never been confiried and probably never will be.
Boston Journal (Rep.), June 30. The report prepared by Mr. Ranney and signed by his three Republican associates, and the report of Mr. Hale, of Missouri, a Democratic member of the committee who could not sign the report made by the chairman, should be regarded as the majority of the committee sustaining the general charges made against the Attorney-General and other high officers connected with the Pan-Electric scheme. It is well known in Washington that one of the Democrats who signed the report of the chairinan did so with considerable reluctance, yielding to the pressure which party friends brought to bear. In view of these facts, the reports of the committee are anything but a vindication of President Cleveland's Attorney-General. On the contrary, it is safe to say that in the history of the Republic no scandal of equal magnitude has ever been proved against a Cabinet officer. To understand the full measure of the Pan-Electric conspiracy and how hopelessly the Attorney-General is involved in it, one needs to study the full text of the exhaustive report prepared by Mr. Ranney. The case is not created by an attorney, but made by the testimony of Mr. Garland and his friends. Once embarked in the enterprise, Mr. Garland seems to have lacked the power to clear himself. Having taken half a million of the stock in exchange for his influence, he seems to have been used and to have used his office to promote the interests of the Pan-Electric. A careful reading of the Ranney report leaves room for no other conclusion, since the report is simply a logical arrangement of the testimony.
Washington Post (Dem.), July 1. THE committee of the House which has made such an exhaustive investigation of the outrageous charges against Attorney-General Garland, Secretary Lamar, and others yesterday handed up a majority report exonerating all parties concerned in the most explicit and comprehensive manner. Here is the resolution signed by all the members of the committee except the offensive partisans :
Resolved, That a full, fair, and exhaustive lovestigation has failed to adduce any oyidence which tends to show that Attorney General Garland, Solicitor-General Goode, soc. retary Lamar, Iudian Commissioner Atkins, Rallıoad Commissioner John-ton, or Senator Harris (they being the officers named in the Pan-Electric callons of the newspaper pross which gave rise to this investigallon) did any act, officially or otherwise connected with the matters Investigated, which was dishonest, dishonorable, or consurable.
C. E. BOYLE.
BENTON J. HALL. A few Republicans, bent on blackening the same of reputable members of the opposite party, may remonstrate against this and pipe never so loud their note of defamation. Nevertheless, this majority report will stand as the voice of the House of Representatives and the voice of the country—a complete vindication of the officers of the Government against partisan calumny.
Brooklyn Eagle (Dem.), June 30. PUBLIC opinion will not be influenced by any praise or blame this House's meddling in this matter may evoke. The press and the people have carried the essential parts of the matter in their own minds. They know that the Pan-Electric crank, the Rogers group of poets and jobbers, are now the tools of the Bell people, whom at first they antagonized. They know that the Administration instituted the suit against the Bell monopoly on prima facie evidence, which indicated the fraudulency of that monopoly. They know that that suit is in the courts, wherein the Government case is managed by Allen G. Thurman, great as a lawyer, honest as a
If the monopoly is overthrown on the facts or law, telephones will become a universal possession. If not, they will remain the monopoly, for which people pay a profit to the monopolists of from 600 to 2,500 per cent. So powerful is that monopoly, or so addicted to monopoly is Republicanism, that the latter party has virtually bound itself up in the meshes of the Bell claimants. The issue is with the courts. The character of Cleveland, Garland and Lamar is better than that of men or papers, Congressmen or editors, that pervert facts to malign it. The whole “ investigation” is but an industry of the House in subjects outside of its business. It will be resultless in any respect. The real matter is in the courts and is a judi
About that the people are not deceived. They wait the issue patiently and hopefully, and are glad the Administration has raised it for them.
New York Herald (Ind.), July 1. IF FIVE private citizens should accept as a free gift half a million of stock apiece in a company of any kind, agree to pay not more than one hundred and fifty dollars each for " expenses,” and thereupon distribute gift-stock among Congressmen
with a view to legislation, sell State rights in their concern to innocent outsiders, then, Mr. Cleveland has shown a moral pachydermatousness in regard to the reand when the courts proved troublesome get the Government to take their suits tention of Mr. Garland, since his unfitness for his place was shown, that deprives off their hands, it would be said that they had engaged in a very dubious “wild him of any advantage from the plea of ignorance. If, however, the Democratic cat” speculation indeed_a kind of adventure which business men careful of their House does not impeach, or Mr. Cleveland does not remove Mr. Garland, and character avoid as they would avoid cholera or small-pox. When, however, these that speedily, a Republican House will be elected next fall that will do its work of impecunious statesmen in addition get themselves into important Government po exposure and justice with thoroughness. sitions-one of them even into the Cabinet the matter becomes much more
New Yorker Staats-Zeitung, June 30. serious. Mr. Boyle, as a Democrat, may think they did no act, “official or otherwise, which was dishonest, dishonorable, or censurable,” but the general public
[Translated for PUBLIC OPINION.] opinion is not with him. We, as well as he, have read the testimony. They have SO FAR as concerns the report of the Republican members of the committee, it done nothing which would get them into jail. So much we grant. But they
amounts factitiously to an ex parte statement of the case. These gentlemen have ought not to be retained in their public places. The peuple expect Mr. Clevelandl relied exclusively upon the testimony of those witnesses which is as unfavorable as to stop vetoing bills long enough to get himself a new Attorney-General. And, possible to the Government officials implicated in the affair. In so far as it attaches unless we greatly mistake Mr. Cleveland, he will do it without much delay. any positive blame to Attorney-General Garland, whom the investigation chiefly New York Star (Dem.), July 1.
concerns, the tip is not broken off by this evident partisanship. As no majority
report lias been aimed at, the House will, perhaps, spare itself entirely the trouble THERE is absolutely no evidence quoted or referred to in Mr. Ranney's report of any choice between the three minority reports, and the latter will simply be rewhich shows that Mr. Garland had any but a proper business interest in the corded among the acts of Congress. The judgment of the public has long since Rogers inventions and the Pan-Electric scheme. There is nothing which shows been formed. There has been a deficiency of tact, but there is nothing in the that he had any knowledge of the designs of the associates to induce the Govern least to be reprobated in the integrity of the Attorney-General. Herein the reports ment to bring a suit until the demand was made upon him-a demand which he will effect no change whatever. Thus it remains, and such is the final issue of a refused to comply with. There is nothing to show that he referred the associates sensation proclaimed with such a flourish of trumpets. to Mr. Goode except as the angry enemy of the Attorney-General swore to what he heard from Casey Young. Mr. Ranney could not secure the conviction of a pick
New York Evening Post (Ind.), June 30. pocket on such testimony as that on which he has condemned the Attorney-Gen
THERE is nothing in the report which the Republican members of the Pan-Eleceral. Naturally, Mr. Ranney omits all testimony from his review which goes to
tric Investigating Committee have put forth which entitles it to serious consideraMr. Garland's vindication. We says nothing of the Attorney-General's explana- tion. It is simply an extremely partisan campaign document. It has been given tion of his attitude, nor does he allude to Rogers' consession of his anger because to the press in advance of the majority report, and great efforts are made by the Mr. Garland refused to lend him the aid of his high office for the advancement of anti-Administration press to have it appear as a judicial and fair review of the evithe Pan-Electric Company. The report is disgracelul. Ji calls loudly for the in
dence taken by the Committee. The author of the document, Mr. Ranney of vestigation of Mr. Ranney,
Massachusetts, has been throughout the investigation the undisguised partisan of Boston Terali (Ind.), June 30.
the Bell Telephone interest, and his report reads like the special plea of an advo
cate who, in addition to serving the interest of his clients, desired also to make an WITHOUT accepting, or at this time controverting, the judgment expressed in the attack upon the Cleveland Administration and its Mugwump friends. He is eviRanney report that “there was no sufficient reason nor exigency for bringing the dently a ferocious Mugwump hater, and his sentiments are fully shared by the suits” (to test the validity of the Bell patents), we are constrained to agree to its other Republican Congressmen who have signed his one-sided report. pungent statement that “the questions presented to the Executive departments received no consideration arlequate to justify these suits, for the department which
St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Dem.), July 2. considered the evidence formed no opinion, and the department which formed an The report contains nothing new, but the majority of the committee have made opinion never considered the evidence.” The testimony of Mr. Young proves that
themselves liable to censure for a vain and useless desire to whitewash everybody the company wanted to use the Government's name for its own private interest
connected with the notorious Pan-Electric business. The statement that Messrs. " that was all the purpose I had in the worldl,” are his words. And with the large Garland, Harris, and others were guilty of nothing improper in accepting an interinterest which the head of the department hall in the issue-conceding that the
est in an invention because at the time of the acceptance it was worthless is as foolbreaking of the Bell patents would give value to the Pan-Electric stock this use ish as it is unfortunate. It was the design of the inventor to have his invention of the Government's name was a scandal. The Republican members are right in made valuable through stockholders who were officers of the Government, and saying that “a Government which expects to be respected cannot permit such
who could command influence on account of their positions. When the eminent things to be done, such influences to be sought for, or such personal interests
officials accepted an interest in the invention under such circumstances they may to exist and avail.”
have done nothing dishonest or dishonorable, but their action was unquestionably Chicago News (Ind.), July 1.
improper. It showed a dullness of the moral sense that is very regretable in emiMR. GARLAND got a large block of stock in Pan-Electric for nothing, except the
nent public servants. use of his name and influence and an opinion which gave the stock ils market
New York Tribune (Rep.), June 30. value. The whole course of his connection with the application for permission to It was expected that the Democratic members would sum up the case in a petuse the name of the United States was equivocal and open to no other construc tisogging spirit and make the best possible plea for the prominent officials and tion save that he sought to have done indirectly by his substitute what he had too statesmen implicated in this scandal. This Mr. Hale has done with very poor much “ delicacy" to do himself. All the report of the majority needs to make it grace, while dissenting from the wholesale - vindication ” prepared by his cola strong arraignment of Mr. Garland is the use of certain words and phrases which leagues. But the evidence has been collected with fairness and painstaking care, became obnoxious to Republicans in the campaign of 1884, and can only come and there can be no ground for dissatisfaction on the part of advocates of good with grace from men who repudiated Mr. Blaine because he was not above being government with the results of the inquiry. Reputable journals of both parties a deadhead in any enterprise. Between the sins against official morality of Mr. united in the demand for a thorough investigation. It has been had. The eviGarland and Blaine, the distinction is too thin to admit of popular demonstration. dence is before Congress and the country. On that evidence the Pan-Electric type The relention of Mr. Garland in the Cabinet is an anomaly in the administration of speculative statesmanship stands convicted before the bar of public opinion. of a President who was elected to emphasize the people's niistrust of officials with Special pleas and partisan defenses are of no avail. itching palms. So long as office is a public trust Mr. Garland should be consid
Brooklyn Union (Ind.), June 30. ered unfit for office. New York Sun (Dem.), June 30.
By stubbornly holling his place Mr. Garland has shown the same gross qualities
which he showed by allowing the Rogerses to trade on his reputation. Now he If the Attorney-General implicated in this scandal were a Republican Attorney
is allowing the Administration to lose much more, perhaps, than anybody now General, and if it were a Republican President who refused or neglected to remove hina fron office, who doubts that the Democratic House would proceed promptly
clearly foresees by his participation in it. There is more to suggest the untrust
worthiness of Democratic statesmen and of the party whose members in Congress to bring him to trial before the Senate ? Is the case changed because Mr. Garland
refuse to take offense at this scandal, in this dense, impecunious, adventurous and Mr. Goode and Mr. Atkins and Gen. Johnston and Senator Harris call themselves Democrats ? We draw no such line in the enforcement of the laws of public that was picked up out of the memory of the rebellion. The Democratic party,
Attorney-General and his partisan friends than in all the old campaign material morality. The Sun takes up this matter in the interest of good government and
the IIouse and the Administration itself, will show by a continued inappreciation the honest administration of public trusts, and for exactly the same reasons as
of this something of the same denseness, moved it in the case against the Credit Mobilier statesmen. Then the majority of men implicated were Republicans, but there were not wanting honest Republicans
Florida Times-Union (Dem.), July 1. on the investigating committee to denounce the bribe-takers and to use plain lan GENERAL results were all that Chaimman Boyle had need to state in his report, guage about their crime. Now, the persons indicted are all Democrats-all South and his labored defense of everybody and everything is, as we have said, a work ern Democrats. Is the duly of the Democratic House any less urgent, any less of supererogation. Mr. Garland stands clearly exonerated from the charge of using plain, because that is so ?
his office to further private schemes of money-making, and so does Senator Harris, New York Mail and Express (Rep.), June 30.
and the Rogerses are shown to have been actuated by anger at them because they MR. GARLAND Stands pilloried before the world as an exception to the longional investigation took place, and the only excuse Chairman Boyle has for his
These facts were all known to the public before the Congressline of Attorney-Generals, that includes such names as Wirt, Pinckney, Legare, labored report is the partisan screed that Ranney, the paid Congressional attorney Crittenden, Reverdy Johnson, Jeremiah S. Black, William M. Evarts, Edwards
of the Bell people, got off in advance of any regular report of the committee. Pierrepont, and others of like character and more recent service. The Ranney re
St. Paul Pioneer- Press (Rep.), July 2, port affords more material for his impeachment than has ever been submitted to the House for the impeachment of any previous Cabinet official. If Mr. Cleveland The public passed its judgment long ago. It does not regard the politicians had not been so ignorant of public men and affairs, he might not have appointed who took part in this incipient scandal as corrupt and disgraced. It does know Mr. Garland to the position where he has served the Pan-Electric fraud. But, that they were unpardonably imprudent. Their reputations can never again be
ared. Theirs is the lot of the woman whose character has once, with
Richmond State (Dem.), July 1. eason, been assailed. Perhaps that is punishment enough. The obsti
The Bell Telephone Company and these stockholders in the Pan-Electric Comnistaken adherence of Mr. Cleveland to the fortunes of his Attorney-Gen
pany and these malignant newspapers and a minority of a Congressional commitever make the public believe that Mr. Garland is a man fit to be trusted
tee, whose report is a disgrace, have shown themselves utterly unable to stain the ortant station.
characters of Attorney-General Garland, Solicitor-General Goode, and other officers Boston Advertiser (Ind.).
of the Administration.
Omaha Bee (Rep.), July 1. ew York Times prints not a word of Mr. Ranney's report on the Pan. vestigation. But it gives a good deal of space in its editorial and Wash
It is altogether a very scandalous mess, and it would have been well for the respondence columns to coarse abuse of Mr. Ranney. Liar, knave, and
Administration and the country if President Cleveland had promptly removed the
over-zealous Solicitor-General, and Mr. Garland could have found some reason are some of the choice epithets applied to him. The reason of this sinvior of the Times is obvious. When the scandal was novel in the public satisfactory to himself for returning to private life. Times attempted to break the force of the revelations of Administration
ATTORNEY-GENERAL GARLAND allowed the machinery of the Department of g by a sneaking insinuation that other New York journals had improper ith the Bell Telephone Company. The committee investigated this
Justice to be used to promote private and personal ends, in which he was pecuni
arily interested. This is the scandal of the telephone matter, and no amount of h the result of finding that the editor of the Times had knowledge of no
special pleading by Democrats on the committee can wipe it out. Boston Record -ing his intimation.
(Ind.), July 4. Brooklyn Times (Rep.), June 30.
MR. GARLAND did what any other citizen, in or out of Congress, had a right to not think that Garland would have remained many days in the Cabinet
do; and, so far from yielding him a profit, his stock has only proved a source of uchanan after such a revelation. We are certain that he would never
pecuniary loss and mental annoyance. His integrity of character is above question to sit down at a council table presided over by Andrew Jackson. And
or reproach.-Richmond Whig (Dem.), July 1. 1. Tilden sat where Grover Cleveland sits we are very sure that the dis GARLAND and Goode may be suffered to remain where they are—in office and strict Attorney would soon be stealing home to hide his disgrace in the
in contempt of public opinion. If they and their party like that, doubtless the Arkansas. But Grover Cleveland is so terribly exercised lest some
country will be able to stand it--Wheeling Intelligencer (Rep.), July 1. d invalid Union soldier may get ten cents more than his legal due that Eme to waste in purging of his own Cabinet from dishonor.
GENERAL Grant was noted for standing by his friends, but he would have lost
no time in removing the reproach and absolving his administration from any possiBaltimore Herald (Ind.), July 1.
ble complication in such a scandal.—Chicago Inter-Ocean (Rep.), July 1. of whitewash is entirely “loo thin,” and has begun to flake off even
ACCORDING to the report of the Democratic members of the Pan-Electric comdry. It does not satisfy the expectations of honest Democratic news
mittee Mr. Garland is altogether too innocent and guileless a person to suffer the 1 less does it alter the effect of the evidence at the bar of public opin
contamination of public office.- Detroit Tribune (Rep.), July 4. will care whether the report of the Republican minority is or is not an
the interests of the Bell monopoly. The vital point is that Govern The result of the Pan-Electric investigation leaves the matter just where, upon
Garland placed it.-Washington Gazette (Ind.), July 4.
In condemning Attorney-General Garland for his official course in a case to no reason to hope that the several reports of the telephone investiga
which he was clearly a party, the minority report reflects the general sentiment of rsuade Mr. Garland to vacate the office which he has, consciously or
the country.--Rochester Herald (Rep.), July 1. ly, employed to further the schemes of a syndicate of stock speculators. AS THE Appeal said at the first, there was nothing to justify an inquiry that had I long ago showed himself ignorant of and indifferent to the fine public its origin in malice, and was continued in a spirit of envenomed political and sec5 which holds that a Cabinet officer should be above the suspicion of tional hate.--Memphis Appeal (Dem.), July 1. ice for private profit, and the fact that he has not resigned is sufficient at he has learned nothing since.
THE Brooklyn Eagle assures its readers that Attorney-General Garland “is clothed
in the impenetrable armor of an honest man,” but neglects to give the name of the Milwaukee Wisconsin (Rep.), July i
owner.— Philadelphia Inquirer (Rep.) July 3. t now reached was to have been foreseen. It was deemed the partin of the Republican members to return findings that would make party
It is not quite a whitewashing, but it is very suspiciously like one.
will have its own opinion and will keenly watch the President's action in the premmirching the Administration through its Attorney-General. It was
ises:-Newark News (Dem.), July 1.
Union (Dem.), July 3.
THERE is a strong revival of the clamorous demand for Mr. Garland's retire. rotection of his administration, that it may be purged of this scandal
Mr. Garland will probably stay.—National Republican (Rep.), July 5. possible at this late day, Mr. Garland's resignation should be at once y President Cleveland, but even that will not be sufficient. The facts
What is the Administration going to do about it? The thing is worse than we
thought.—Minneapolis Tribune (Rep.), July 4. nd Garland's impeachment, and Congress should not be slow in movatter, either. We hardly expect Congress will have the courage to ergency in the manner suggested.
BILL. Illinois State Journal (Rep.), July 1. g time since anything so interesting and at the same time so humilia
Mr. Edmunds in a Press Interview, July 2. e to public notice as the reports of the House committee on the Pan
Senator EDMUNDS said to a reporter yesterday that the object of his bill prohone affair. The report does the Attorney-General up in very fine viding for Presidential appointments and judicial removals was to diminish the e best that can be said of him is that he lent himself to this scheme
influence which the Executive, by virtue os vast patronage, now has over Senators. ot his stock for nothing. If he was not active in it himself, he suf
At present, he says, it is only in a rare case where something is discovered that ne and influence to be used by others.”
would, is known, have deterred the President from making the nomination, that a Washington Sentinel (Dem.), July 3.
nomination is rejected by the Senate. “ I therefore think,” said Mr. Edmunds, has been brought to light that gives any reason for questioning the
“that the Senate, in giving the President the sole power of appointment of these he honor of any of the Federal officers connected with the Pan-Elec
offices, is not giving up a function that is now of any practical value.” An officer, Mr. Hale who does not concur with the other Democrats in the
when once appointed, Mr. Edmunds thinks, while he obeys the law and does his report, joins in reporting this resolution. This fact shows how mali
duty, should remain in office for four years, and not be removable at the mere ell Telephone organs have misrepresented that gentleman's position.
pleasure of the President, and so he has made that principle a provision of his bill.
But,” says he, “in order that misconducting officials shall not continue in office,
the bill provides a ready and summary means of public inquiry and judicial reshameful records of the Credit Mobilier scandal nothing worse than
moval, and by such a system and under such securities that, while justice and fair f Mr. Garland and the other Pan-Electric statesmen was disclosed. The play must be exercised toward the official, no injury can come to the public service er scandal terminated the political existence of a number of Wash in respect of continuing an improper person in place.” The power of unlimnited en The Pan-Electric shame must inevitably compel Mr. Garland
removal which exists in the President and heads of departments is the difficulty ates to retire for the rest of their lives to the shades of private life. with the present civil-service law. At the time the civil-service law was enacted,
Mr. Edmunds says, “it was not considered constitutional to limit their absolute Pittsburgh Commercial-Gazette (Rep.), July 1.
power of removal, but the judgment of the Supreme Court removes that doubt, vindication” that will not vindicate. Whatever disposition may be and over all such offices the law of Congress is absolutely supreme. The bill, Mr. e minority reports, the evidence is upon record, and it places the Edmunds thinks, provides for a real civil service reform which will take the great eral in a very humiliating, not to say disgraceful attitude before the body of these merely administrative offices out of the circles of politics, su that they he Administration, by continuing him in a position which he has dis shall cease to be the prizes and rewards for party services. Throughout the PresiE take its full share of the responsibility.
dential term of a Democratic President the terms of officers appointed by the pre