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been a disappointment and an irritation to the Republicans of Ohio. It is the old story of a few Republicans rising above party or sinking below it, in critical times, for some personal or trivial consideration. There is no intelligent citizen of Ohio who does not know that money was corruptly used in the Democratic caucus to nominate Senator Payne. There is, we are sure, no Senator who knows anything about the matter who is not certain that the public opinion of Ohio upon this subject is correct It has been an open secret that if the Senate ordered an investigation—that if Senator Payne did not resign, his friends would be convicted of purchasing his seat. The trouble has not been that the case presented to the Committee was not strong enough to warrant an investigation, but that it was too strong. The difficulty was that investigation was conviction. It has been for this reason that Mr. Payne has been so quiet, and his guilty friends so intensely active with the Committee. They have brought to bear all the arts of accomplished schemers, and all the blandishments that millionaires can employ in society and politics. In the case of one of the three Senators who yesterday voted with the Democrats, it does not seem improbable that he was moved by the most material considerations this side of cash in hand, and that the others were influenced perhaps equally by ambition and complacency. The yellow-dog Republicans, with the Coal Oil bosses, have been baying gently for some time about the heels of Senator Logan, and there will be surprise in Ohio that he has not spurned the curs when they thrust their society upon him too closely. Mr. Evarts is a great lawyer, but not a learned man in politics, and he has probably been too much interested in the cases besore the Supreme Court to know enough to make up an intelligent judgment in the matter of Mr. Payne. If he had known as much before yesterday's vote as he will gather within two days, he would, we presume, have acted differently. The Republicans of Ohio have fought with the Coal-oiler a great battle and have won a complete victory. They have the State in their own lands. The re election of Sherman was the downfall of the boodle g; but the logic of history demanded that there should be a work of retributive justice performed, in unseating the Senator whose place was substantially purchased at auction by the most reckless band of corruptionists who ever assailed with immense sums of money the integrity of the Republic. The Republican Senators who voted as Boss Boodle directed yesterday have underestimated the patriotism and the capacity of resentment by the people of Ohio. They have blundered, and will find their position one of discomfort that will increase as the heated term comes on. Two candidates for the Presidency in such an hour as they thought not, have stepped heavily upon their own coat-tails.

Cincinnati Enquirer (Dem.), June 26. This persecution will, for all time, be a matter of history in this country; and it is as well that the facts should be known. From the office of the Commercial-Ga. zette, and from their slaves on the Committee of One Hundred, came a cry to ruin commercial interests that were antagonistic to the C. G.'s welfare. That is the whole story. They were dying, swamped for lack of patrons, sucked to death by Eastern mortgages. They hoped to help themselves by crushing the enterprise which had taken their readers and their advertisers from them. They allied with themselves a few disgruntled men who claimed to be Democrats. They drove into their miserable uses a Governor of Ohio whom they had sought to defeat. They even descended to the inexpressible filth of purchasing men from our own office, with whom they expected to clinch their case, and whose infamy they heralded to the world. They picked out such poor miserable wretches as are to be found in all parties, and in all great commercial concerns, and bribed them to throw mud at those from whom they had long received their living. They used their whole machinery, their whole wealth, their whole political influence, and prostrated in the filth of a back-house sewer a great political party, for the simple purpose and with the simple hope of destroying a business rival. And now they have their reward. The greatest lawyer of the land, and one of its most prominent Republicans, Mr. Evarts, spurns from him the case which they present. Their foremost Republican Senator, a brave soldier and a first-class lawyer, does likewise. A Republican Senator, who has held a Cabinet position under a Republican President, joins the chorus. The rebuke falls upon them like the sting of scorpions. What need for us to go into the legal merits of the case when these, the greatest and purest Republicans in the land, have denounced it? The voice of Senator Ingalls, also, unlappily not upon the committee, is likely to be uplifted. Not long ago it was attempted, in a similar way, to taint his fair fame in Kansas. Rival factions had undoubtedly been spending money; and, at the finish, rather than their enemies should be elected, they expended some for him. But he, himsell, was clean and white-handed, and the Senate so said. So its committee has declared for Mr. Payne. The condition of the ringsters who forced this issue, and who have clamored for it day and night for these many months, would be pitiable if it were not deserved. With all their influence in the Republican house of the State they could not force a report in their favor. With all their influence in the senate they could get but two votes out of nine. Their filthy slabber falls back upon themselves. They lie to-day groveling in the dirt of their own manufacture. The fair fame of Ohio, which they sought to besmirch, stands out clean and white. Their manafactured case was so foul that even their own party goes againsi it. The slanderers are rebuked. Right triumphs; and villainy—the villainy of the CommercialGazette--is taken by the neck, forced down into the gutter, and obliged to swallow the product of its own filthy eructations. There is more that could be said upon the subject; but, as previously remarked, this article is written with a four-hundredpound weight on the safety valve. It is enough for us that the most villainous ring which Cincinnati ever knew of is put to torture by a “ non-partisan decision.”

Memphis Avalanche (Dem.), June 26. That Mr. Payne stands silent, failing to call for an investigation, with all this clamor about his ears, shows that he has not dared to do it. The money that was spent in securing his election was spent in the Democratic caucus, and not strictly in the election. This respectable nonentity will fill out the remainder of his term, and if Ohio Democracy gets itself cleansed in any way, it will have to cleanse itself by cutting loose from the agencies which perpetrated the wrong, against the bold,

open, and emphatic protest of Allan G. Thurman, whose stirring words uttered on that occasion were conclusive to all who know both his prudence and hatred of wrong. He spoke only when he felt it a duty to truth, his country, and his party.

Columbus, Ohio, Dispatch (Ind.), June 26. At the time of the election of Mr. Payne the air was full of rumors, and not only the Republicans, but even a portion of the Democratic press full of charges of bribery and corruption; but the rumors were vague and the charges indefinite. The matter was soon dropped and even gossip ceased, until the subject was again brought up by Colonel Donavin, a Democrat. The Ohio Republican House, by a series of parliamentary tactics between the parties, was finally led to inquire as to the truth of the rumors. The result is well known. It was as indefinite and as intangible as were the charges; but the fever had set in, and the agitation was kept up until the matter was laid before the Senate at Washington.

Toledo Bee (Dem.), June 26. The scheme was to make a place in the United States Senate for Governor Foraker or Charlie Foster, and to make political capital. The scheme has signally failed. The people of Ohio have to pay the costs—some $20,000—and the odium falls upon the men who duped the Legislature into spending the money. Poor Colonel Donavin has been driven out like a prodigal, and Mr. Payne's character has been vindicated, if such a thing were needed. Now, will this pack of yelpers keep up the cry against Senator Payne and the men they have so grossly abused, or will they go back into their kennels to invent some new phase of the libelous scandal?

Cleveland Plain Dealer (Dem.), June 26. SEVEN Senators out of nine, three of them Republicans and four Democrats, declare that there is nothing in the case trumped up by the Halstead gang, and that there has been no evidence presented warranting the Senate to go into an investigation. The three Republican Senators who take this view are Teller, Evarts, and Logan, staunch Republicans, all of them. This report, although it is what the Plain Dealer has all along predicted and what every man of sense and fair judg. ment in the country expected, will evoke dismal groaning and wild wails from Halstead and his gang.

Brooklyn Union (Ind.), June 26. To the decision of the Senate Committee on Elections and Privileges not to investigate the charge of bribery made against Senator Payne, Senator Payne him. self ought to object. If there be no truth in the charge, it would be an easy and quick task to dispose of it, and then this Ohio scandal, which the Ohioans themselves persist in giving a prominent place in every campaign and in all political discussion, would disappear, much to the relief of the country; but without an investigation it does not promise to disappear so long as Senator Payne himself remains in public life.

Ohio State Journal (Rep.), June 28. IF Gen. Logan has any Presidential aspirations he may leave out of all question any support in convention from Ohio Republicans. His position in the Payne business can not be excused or palliated even by his splendid military record. It is simply infamous, as is that of every other Senator on the committee who refused to investigate. Mr. Sherman has an opportunity to lead a review of the committee's findings that he ought to be quick to appreciate, and one which Ohio Republicans and anti-boodle Democrats expect him to improve.

New York Times (Ind.), June 26. THERE is reason to believe that very large sums of money were used to secure Mr. Payne's election, and it is understood that very interesting testimony would have been laid before the committee if it had not refused to hear it. The committee's course deserves hearty condemnation. If the Senate were not so bitterly opposed to all corporations one might suppose that the influence of the great and unscrupulous corporation that was successfully exerted at Columbus had been exerted again with like results in Washington.

Boston Advertiser (Ind.), June 26. The position of the Senate, that absolute purchase of seats is allowable, provided the thing is not done too openly in the market-place, will seem in a fair way. to he established. We need hardly say that Senators Hoar

Frye refuse to agree to such a finding, and will urge the Senate not to throw aside its reputation by paying no attention to these weighty charges. Bribery is just as bad in their eyes if conducted by the Payne-McLean combination as by less wealthy purchasers of votes.

Washington Post (Dem.), June 26. We are surprised that even iwo Senators could have been found voting in favor of an investigation by the Senate of the flimsy, if not disreputable, charges against Senator Payne, of Ohio, as Senators Hoar and trye are reported to have done. We are especially surprised that Senator Frye should have been one of the two, because we have found him to be a fair-minded man, despite his rather stalwart partisanship,

New York Star (Dem.), June 27. Ilow could the United States Senate sist the charges concerning Mr. Payne's election when the Republican majority in the Ohio Legislature found itself unable to do so? No one can conceive of a process for ascertaining the truth concerning any political controversy in Ohio. No ten men could be found to swear to any fact that ten other men equally respectable would not deny on oath.

Wilmington, Del., News (Rep.), June 26. ACCORDING to the current newspaper gossip Senator Payne was guilty thrice over of bribery and corruption. The fact probably is that the Senate as a body does not care to scrutinize Senatorial elections too closely. Some men, after they get to the United States Senate, do not care to think much about how they got there,


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supererogation, for it will indeed be remarkable if any man who has not had ten
years' experience in practice should be looked upon as sufficiently eminent to be

admitted into a limited body that professes so high a standard. It has been sugTHOLIC STATISTICS.–Father Jenkins, of St. John's, Louisville, Ky., has re

gested, however, that some of the original members are not graduates of ten years' en his “ Judges of Faith : Christian vs. Godless Schools,” in a volume of 200

standing, and that this fact having been made known when the motion was under , 12 mo; 30 cents net, paper; cloth, 60 cents; $24 and $48 per hundred. discussion, the meeting did not feel justified in imposing on others conditions that the imprimatur of Cardinal Archbishop Gibbons. It contains 380 Bishops'

its own members had not had to submit to. We understand that a committee of onials in all parts of the world; decrees in extenso of the Baltimore Coun. conference was appointed on the matter of forming an alliance of the various schools; essays on the history of the educational struggle in all civilized lands; national societies according to the plan proposed by the American Surgical Assocomplete Indian educational statistics, as well as the only thoroughly accurate

ciation. This shows, at least, that there is no antipathy felt by the new society ics of all our educational establishments, as well as an essay on the Univer

against the formation of such a confederation, and no doubt it will serve to strengthen From it we borrow the following Catholic American educational summary:

the project before the bodies that are still to meet. We hear that it was decided

to publish a volume of transactions, but that permission was given to the readers OLIC EDUCATIONAL SUMMARY OF PROVINCES OF UNITED STATES, 1883-'5. of papers to have them published in the journals also.—New York Medical Journal.

Notes.—Palestine is recommended as an appropriate residence for consump-

tives. This disease is hardly known there, and many who suffered from it were
perfectly cured by the pure air of the Holy Land. Moritz Rohr presented the

Jewish community of Posen with the sum of 100,000 marks for the erection of an nati Ohio, Ind., L. Mich., Ky., Tenn.

650 780 144,000 hospital, under the following conditions: 1. That a committee be appointed for the Orleans La., Miss., Ala., Texas, Ark., W. Fla.

153 277 23,700 collection of further funds. 2. That the hospital be managed upon strictly kosher rancisco Cal., Nev., Utah


131 15,700 principles. A correspondent of a contemporary states that he has just conducted ukee Wis., Minn., N. Mich., Dak.

361 42,400

an insurance upon the life of a man aged 102 years. This centenarian enjoys good
Mo., Kan., Neb., Iowa



health, and appears to be in the possession of his faculties. He states that his go Illinois

295 323 48,540 father lived to the age of 110, and met his death from an injury due to the breakFé New Mexico, Colo., Ariz.

61 81

5,450 ing of a mill-stone. His grandfather was, he asserts, accidentally killed in his mill elphia . . Pennsylvania

286 464


at the age of 126. His great-grandfather lived to the age of 133. The man in n City : Oregon, Wash., Idaho

53 2,350 question distinctly remembers his great-grandfather, and has now living a greatNew England States

203 263 61,220

great-niece, so that he has seen seven gene ions of his family.-- At Tyrnau, York New York, New Jersey


Moravia, a Jew died at the age of 108 years. At his coffin stood an only daugh-
Md., Del., Va., W. Va., N. & S. Car., Ga.,

ter, 81 years old, numerous grand and great-grandchildren, and a boy, nine years
E. Fla.


27,470 old, the great, great-grandchild of the deceased. -Dr. D. Bryson Delavan has Mission . Indian Territory

73 3,114 been appointed professor of Laryngology at the New York Policlinic in place of

Dr. E. Elsberg deceased. -The St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal closes
Grand totals ,

3,002 4,225 625,984 its 50th vol. with its June number. -Rose Leslie, the fat woman, who has travCATHOLIC EDUCATIONAL SUMMARY IN BRITISH AMERICA, 1884.

eled for the past six seasons with John B. Dorris's circus, died at St. John's Hos

pital, Lowell, Mass., last week, aged 25. She was a native of Hamilton, Ont., and Parochial schools


was the wife of John McLaughlin, also connected with the circus. She weighed Total schools


615 pounds and was 5 feet 3 inches in height. The casket, which was specially Population


constructed for her, was 30 inches wide, 24 inches deep, and 5 feet 10 inches long. barely necessary to add, in this connection, that the widely-published list of

For the ordinary person the dimensions are, 18 inches wide and 12 inches deep. es with and without parochial schools, taken originally from the German

-Prof. Balthazar Luchsinger, of Zurich (formerly of Berne), who died sudal-Blatt, of St. Louis, if true in some respects and literally-on the other

denly, in his 37th year, in Meran, on January 20, 1886, has left 71 origiscatet mendis; and therefore grossly misleading. It is only by the utmost

nal experimental works on physiological, pharmacological, and toxicological, ce and comparative study such a list can be made tolerably accurate-The

subjects; moreover, ten inaugural works were made under his guidance in Bic Review.

Berne. -The first lady surgeon qualified in Great Britain was invested with the

letters testimonial of the Irish College of Surgeons recently, under the new power ES.—The common council of Wohilow, Russia, voted a yearly contribution granted to it by its charter of 1885. LOf the dozen doctors in the English Paro rubles for a higher girls' institute, with the condition that six girls, three liament only four voted with Gladstone for home rule.---The late Prof. Von Gudin and three Jewish, be instructed there without pay. -Several prominent den was 68 years of age. He left eight children. It is stated that he had nearly

Pesth formed a society to erect Jewish public schools, and a large amount one hundred brains, showing various atrophies, which he was intending to study. n already signed for that purpose. At a later period they expect to erect - It is stated that the Board of Health of Chicago has brought suit against a sh gymnasium in the capital. -The Jewish orphan asylum of Berlin, dry goods firm in that city, for not providing seats for their women clerks.

by Moritz and Sarah Reichenheim, supports 75 inmates-–45 boys and 30 I boys visit high schools, while one girl attends a higher school for book5, two the seminary for kindergartens.-_Uncle Sam welcomes into his

3,200 babies a day, not counting those who come by sea. --A sixteen-
school teacher had among her pupils a big hulking boy of eighteen. He
her authority, and she administered a severe switching. The weeping
ent home and complained to his parents who had the teacher arrested for The New CRAZE.—One of the latest crazes which has seized the English people,
and battery. The appearance of the parties in court, however, was so

and which has been imported to our own country, is the rage for the Eastern the. us when comparisons of sex, weight and stature were drawn, that the case osophy which, we are told, is destined to supplant Christianity in the minds of culmissed amid inextinguishable laughter.

-The Herald of Education says:

tivated people. The study of the Oriental religions has received a new impetus itical party that refuses to provide good schools for the masses must be

within the last decade, and men are carried away by the new fashion in somewhat I to atoms or become autocratic or plutocratic.—College commencements the same manner as they were captivated by the esthetic mania, which was itself -, baccalaureate sermons are forgotten, graduates' essays are laid away to a successor of the first popular phrase of Darwinianism. To this Mr. Matthew chers' conventions are beginning, the tired professor is allured to summer

Arnold has kept time and tune with his evolution of "sweetness and light” from a and the Chatauqua movement already has begun to reign in their stead. Christianity which he had sweetened and enlightened for genteel people by elimi

nating all that is supernatural and miraculous. How many fashions of thought, of
faith and unfaith, of dogmatism, of indigenous negation, and of foreign importation

from heathen countries have come in and gone out during the last generation !

But of all the crazes and “fads” of the day, nothing strikes us as more curious
than the mixture of enthusiasm and languor with which certain Boston young

women proclaim themselves to be Buddhists in religion, adopting their new opinAssociATION OF AMERICAN PHYSICIANS.—

-We learn that the first regular ions somewhat on the same principle as the latest fashion in dress. At the present of this new organization, which was held in Washington last week, was day it is no secret that the attacks on the Bible—which it has so majestically enby almost the whole number of the original members, and that most of dured, as if to show how truth is an anvil that wears out every hammer that rings rs read were of a character corresponding to the high standing that the upon it—have been abandoned in favor of a new device. Some of the rejectors on was intended by its projectors to take. It will be remembered that the of Christianity are making experiments in new philosophy of comparative and ship is limited to one hundred. Those who have already enrolled them competitive religions. The beauty of Buddhism—the « Light of Asia ”—the wisake

up about three-quarters of this number, and it is said ihat about thirty dom of Vedas, and the sublime morality of Indian theosophy are set forth in capons were made at this meeting. These facts show that the undertaking tivating style, and we are asked to lay aside the teachings of Christianity as an with hearty support from the profession, and they augur well for its success. exclusive religion, or to admit the new faith to the same place in our affections as course, too early to predict with any approach to positiveness the precise that which is held by the religion of Christ. As Rome conquered Greece to be ich it is destined to take. In this respect much will depend, we think, on herself subjugated by Greek culture and art, and conquered Palestine to be in turn of men with whom the vacancies are filled, and too much care can not subdued by the faith born at Jerusalem, so it would seem as if some English poets, to admit only those who have already achieved distinction. A motion philosophers, and dilettante dreamers fancy that they have annexed India only to e at the meeting to declare all applicants ineligible who had not been ten be converted to the pure and precious worship of the natives of the country. What practice, but it was voted down. If such a condition is considered ob is this beautiful and celestial creed which is being so boastsully paraded by intelle, it can scarcely be for any other reason than a disinclination to acts of lectual exquisites as being not only equal in inspiration with the sacred Book of


ter says:

Christendom, but as being far more suited for the choice and adoption of men and attendant upon the approach of the coming crop. The prices of cotton, yarn, and women of taste and mental acumen? One of the foremost Oriental scholars in print cloths, for instance, bear relations at present which they can not long mainEurope, Sir M. Monier Williams, professor of Sanscrit at Oxford, who has studied tain here or in England. Proportionately, yarn is selling lower than either cotton the Indian religions for forty years, most of the time in their own land, has lately or the woven cloth, conditions which a large crop is likely to change. So wool, spoken with studied moderation, but with justly dogmatic emphasis, which should under the stimulus of London wool-rates, has advanced in the West to a point be decisive for every balanced mind. Thoroughly learned in the sacred scriptures which may not be maintained. The metals remain unchanged with the report of of the East, he speaks not with empirical criticism, but with the authority of a a steady demand in spite of the large product now in progress. Crop news con. master. He has literally nothing to say but what exalls the Bible to the utier dis tinues of the best, and if prices weaken, it is because the consumption of grain paragement of the whole Buddhist library. He declares “ the very diapason, so in England-our greatest customer_shows signs of decrease. Few more eloquent to speak,” of all the doctrines of the East to be the prescription of self-righteousness. facts in the commercial and political situation can be named than that the conThe hope of extinction or absorption of being, to escape universal suffering and sumption of wheat in Great Britain has not increased in the past three years, despair, is the cream of Buddha's teaching; and this sour and curdled essence of although population has, and that the consumption of sugar since January 1 has fallen despair is the new gospel which our boasted modern culture is giving us as being one-fifth, from 509,000 tons in 1885 to 408,000 tons in 1886.Philadelphia Press. noble teaching, and equal to or only second to the wisdom of Christ! The Uni. versity of Oxford is translating and publishing the sacred books of the East, and NOTES.—The Chicago Trade says an indispensable principle of all business is her professor comes from the halls of learning to declare in plain and popular style strict, truthsul honesty. The tone, action and general bearing of a truly honest “how vast is the gulf separating the gospel of Buddha from the Gospel of Jesus trader will be seen and felt in his general bearing, and intercourse with his cusChrist.” This old superstition from the Indian jungles may be transplanted, but it tomers will insure general prosperity and ultimate competency.--Iowa has will never flourish in Western soil. Men who are qualified by real mastery of the 1,200,000 cows, and produces annually $50,000,000 worth of dairy products, of subject to guide us in comparison and analysis come forth to pronounce it only a which it ships $24,000,000 worth annually. The total amount annually exgaudy, weed, not without some showy beauty, such as many a tangled creeper of pended for tobacco in its various forms is not less than $490,000,000

-“ Yes," the wilderness can show, but utterly unworthy of classification in the spiritual flora complained a grocer, “business is dull. I have lost a good deal of trade in the with the Lily of the Valley and the Rose of Sharon.—- Providence Journal. last three weeks, and I can't account for it. And it seems to be getting worse, NOTES.—The New Ilampshire Journal says: “ And now we are told that a

ana_Great Scott! I had no idea it was four o'clock.” Going to the bank ?" minister had to leave his pulpit because he used a “plum-colored handkerchief,'

No, polo grounds. I haven't missed a game yet.” -At the late meeting of the and another for rolling up his pants' in wet weather. This is almost as bad as a

Suez Canal Company, in Paris, it was reported that a sudden increase had taken church we know of which was compelled to reject, at the earnest request of the place in the Australian trade. In 1878 there were only 27 ships, with 3,509 pasladies of the church, a candidate of excellent preaching talent and universally ac

sengers, passed through the canal; whereas, in 1884, there were 228 ships, with ceptable to the church on that account, because he had bow legs. The first things 33,288 passengers. The 3,624 ships which passed through the canal last


inthat such churches need is common sense and religion.” -The Christian Regis

cluded 2,734 English, 294 French, 155 German, 137 Dutch, 109 Italian, 69 Aus“So many Unitarian ministers are going to Europe this season that it

trian, 30 Norwegian, 29 Russian, 26 Spanish, 16 Turkish, 5 Portuguese, 3 Ameriwill be easier to print a list of those who stay at home than of those who are gone."

can, 3 Danish, 2 Japanese, 1 Belgian, i Greek, and i Persian. _The revenue of -The cosmopolitan character of Bombay, with its eight hundred thousand in

the Dominion of Canada for the eleven months ending May 31 was $29,685,856. habitants, is indicated by this paragraph from a missionary's letter: “ Last week a

The expenditure during the same period was $32,018,574. Aster deduction, howGreenlander called seeking work. Two days after a man from Australia wrote ever, of the outlay on account of the rebellion in the northwest territory, amountme asking a favor. A few weeks ago a West Indian came to attend repairs on my

ing to $2,802,071, there is a surplus of $469,053. -A whole sheep can be bought house. Last Sunday night I preached to a congregation in which sat, side by side,

in Australia for 1272 cents. -There are now in force in this country more than a Russian from the Baltic and an Armenian from the foot of Mount Ararat. Among 25,000 patents for inventions, the fruits, to a very large extent, of the mental labor my parishioners is an Abyssinian, Turks from the Dardanelles, Greeks from the

of those who are called the laboring men of the country

The Universal Tinker Adriatic, Sidehee boys from Zanzibar. Norwegians and South Africans live, do Company has recently been formed in Chicago, with $5,000 capital. The plan is business, and die in this human hive.”. -Rome recently celebrated what the his

to solicit a number of subscribers, and, for a payment of $3 per month, the comtorians figure as the 2,637th anniversary of its foundation. All the edifices of the pany will make all necessary repairs about the house, excepting general contractcapital were magnificently illuminated. -It is reported that George Muller, of ing. The excitement over natural gas prospecting in Indiana has resulted in Bristol, England, who was famous for supporting several thousand orphans by the organization of fully fifty companies for the purpose of sinking wells in different faith, has just died in Australia. The expatriated Moravians of Russia appealed parts of the State. -Each charge shot from a 110-ton cannon aboard the new some time ago for aid to the amount of $1,750 to enable them to go to Brazil.

British iron clad, Benbow, costs $765. The charge consists of 900 pounds of powThey have been successful beyond expectation, having received $4,500.-— The

der, costing $350, a steel shell, costing $400 and a silk cloth to hold the powder, number of candidates for the ministry in the Southern Presbyterian Church has in the purchasing price of which is given at $15. The gun cost $705,000, and, tocreased from 144 in 1881 to 247 in 1885. -Two thousand children, nearly all

gether with the other available stores aboard the Benbow, entailed an outlay of of Hindoo and Mohammedan parentage, marched, not long since, in the annual

$1,035,000. -Hiram G. Hotchkiss, of Wayne county, New York, is known as the Sunday-school procession at Lucknow, India. - The Gethsemane Sunday-school peppermint king of the world. The mint acreage of the country is about 4,000 of Havana, Cuba, has 240 scholars, 44 teachers, and 42 adults in attendance. acres, and a fair year's crop is worth about $250,000. Last year, however, was The Pope's “golden rose,” formerly awarded annually to som queen of Europe a had season, and the total crop did not exceed $ 130,000 in value. There is now who had deserved well of the church, but seldom given of late years, was pre

a corner in the article; the price has risen 15 per cent., with every prospect of a sented at Whitsuntide to the queen regent of Spain.Signor Gavazzi, in his lec

further advance. -The Chief of the Bureau of Statistics, in his eleventh monthly tures in Rome on the Encyclical of Leo XIII, stated that on the spot where he statement for the current fiscal year, reports that the total values of the exports of stood, by orders of popes Paul IV and Pius IV, four martyrs for the truth had per merchandise from the United States during the twelve months ending May 31, ished, but that he could now preach the gospel without fear. -Kansas City's $80,

1886,were $671,914,600, and during the preceding twelve months, $747,037,312, 000 Roman Catholic cathedral has been completed.

a decrease of $75,122,622. The value of the imports for the twelve months ended May 31, 1886, were $630,455,494, and for the preceding twelve months, $580,367,996—an increase of $50,087,498. -The contract for furnishing the Post Office

Department with official and registered packages envelopes for one year, was FINANCE AND COMMERCE. awarded to the Morgan Envelope Company and the Plimpton Manufacturing Com

pany of Hartford, Conn.--The President of Peru and a number of prominent citizens have met and founded a society to foment and direct the work of exploring

and colonizing the Amazonian regions. The government, through its ministers, THE BUSINESS SITUATION.

has offered decided support to the society. El Comercio sees in this undertaking

the secret of the country's future. The committee on output of the anthracite JUNE has seen exports of gold to the amount of $5,500,000, and over $2,000, coal combination has fixed upon 2,500,000 tons as the output for next month 000 of this took place last week, or more than one-third. Both the time of the against 2,800,000 tons for the same month last year. export and its amount are unexpected. The movement of merchandise in May and the early weeks of June had raised the hope that the exports of gold were nearly over and the approaching exports of cotton and grain were expected to prevent a revival of the outflow of gold. The demand now comes, not from

RAILROADS. England in the first instance, but from France and Germany. This is only another way of saying that the finaocial importance of Berlin and Paris, relatively to London, is increasing in the present condition of English trade and in Canada's Great Roal).—The opening of the Canadian Pacific railway is an dustry, both depressed as they never have been before. The ultimate destina event of great moment to the Dominion and of no litile interest to the United tion of this outfow does not change the fact, however, that under its influence States. We no longer have a monopoly of interoccanic lines, nor do we now greenbacks are replacing specie in the New York bank reserve. Since the first

command the shortest routes. The following table is prepared in order to give week of June the New York banks, while increasing their deposits from $364, the distances affecting commerce between England and the East: 383,700 to $375,828,100, an advance of $11,444,400, have lost $2,426,000 in

Routes. specie and gained $7,572,000 in legal tenders. If the Senate passes the proposi

Montreal to Vancouver tion of the House to issue silver notes of small denominations this movement will New York to San Francisco be carried still further and may, before the year is over, play a serious part in Liverpool to Vancouver changes of our currency. The Lake Shore strike and the cut in freight rates west Liverpool to San Francisco (via Union Pacific) of Chicago make up the two other disturbing factors in the situation; but they Liverpool to Yokohama (via Canada Pacific) are likely to have more influence on stock manipulation than on the real condi Liverpool to Yokohama (via Union Pacific) tions of prosperity. ;; These remain unchanged and influenced only by the doubts Thus Canada gets to the Pacific coast by traveling 376 miles less than we do,

Geograph. miles.


2,896 5,160 5,880 9,546 10,426


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pool freight going via the United States to the Pacific coast goes 720 miles America, 9,504,000; Canada, 2,624,000'; Argentine Republic, 4,000,000; Uraguay,
than it would be compelled to go on the Canadian route, and the advantage 1,000,000; Australia (in 1871), 304,000.
e latter route over ours in the transhipment of goods from Liverpool to Prof. Leonhard gives for different cities the figures cited below : Berlin, 32,527;
nama is 880 miles. It is therefore pardonable in the Dominion papers at Breslau, 4,581; Bremen, 2,199; Buda-Pesth, 11,611; Cologne, 1,850; Dantzig,
me to celebrate the opening of their great road by visions of great com 2,385; Dresden, 5,641 ; Frankfort-on-the-Main, 3,000; Hamburg, 4,171;
al prosperity. While much has been said about government jobs and politi- Hamburg, with suburbs, 7,600; Hanover, 4,158; Konigsberg, i. P., 4,477 ;
ud attending the completion of this road, it still remains an example of Copenhagen, 5,302; Leipzig, 2,483; Monaco, 5,883; Rome, 11,733; Stock-
e engineering skill and business energy. To join Montreal to Vancouver holm, 3,506; Stuttgart, 2,591; Vienna, 14,317; Paris, 64,247; (the omnibus
1 it was necessary to cut through more than 300 miles of solid rock, to turn company has most horses of any corporation, i2,000); London, 200,000, of which
eams from their natural beds, to build hundreds of iron bridges, one being about 60,000 are used in public carriages, 10,000 for street cars, and 60,000 for
1,000 feet long and another some 286 feet high, and to keep an army of omnibuses. The number of horses in St. Petersburg is not given, but is supposed
sometimes as high as 15,000, continually employed. The cost of the road, to be the same as in London.
and branches secured has been $72,500,000, which is somewhat cheaper [The horses of the city of New York are estimated as being between 60,000
ur transcontinental lines. The present debt of the Canadian Pacific is and 75,000.--ED.)–Scientific American.
10,000, which looks small beside the $200,000,000 and more of Union
liabilities. But the burden of a debt depends upon the money.earning

The Pall Mall Gazette says that, apropos of the expulsion of the French ły of the property, and for this the friends of the Canadian Pacific must princes, a lover of statistics has drawn up a list of the monarchs who have come to and wait.-Springfield Republican, June 28.

an untimely or ignominious end. According to this authority, the world has had

2,550 kings or emperors, who have reigned over 74 peoples. Of these 300 were "ES.-Mr. Heinrich Stein, a young German engineer, is anxious to make a overthrown, 64 were forced to abdicate, 28 committed suicide, 23 became mad or and dry bridge connection between Europe and America. He proposes to imbecile, 100 were killed in battle, 123 were captured by the enemy, 25 were tor

cable from one side of the Atlantic to the other, and to suspend from this tured to death, 151 were assassinated, and 108 were executed. Uneasy lies the
ng cars. - The American Railway Master Mechanics association held its head, indeed!
anual convention at the Quincey House, Boston. Of 63 roads reporting
gs for May to the amount of $17,373,192, 36 show an increase and 25 a de-

The net gain compared with last year is $771,892.-_An international
ion will take place in Paris next year, and will comprise the different in-
I branches concerning railways, as: Engineering, mechanics, signals, loco-
, apparatus for lifting, heating and lighting purpose, intercommunication,
nery, wagons for travelers and goods, models of improved railway wagon SINGING SANDS.—Everybody has heard of the singing beach at Manchester,

gs and other railway appliances, building and conveyance material, furnish Mass., the sand of which, for a distance of about a fifth of a mile, gives out a sound
tallurgical trade, electricity, etc. At the same time an International Rail when walked upon, or even when stirred by a stick; but it is not so generally
ongress will be held by delegates of railway companies, chambers of com known that in 1884 inquiry among the superintendents of the life-saving service
scientific and polytechnic societies, in order to discuss the important ques showed that samples of the singing sand could be found in twenty-six different
conveyances, security, traffic, etc.

places on our coast. It is said that later investigation has increased the number
to seventy-four in America and thirteen abroad. At Manchester an experiment
showed that the sound evoked from the sand by driving a stick into it could be

heard at a distance of 140 feet over the roar of the surf. Professors Bolton, of

Trinity College, and Julien, of Columbia, have been making a study of the subject,
and their conclusions are thus given : “The singing sand may occur in compara-

tively small patches in the midst of ordinary sand. It always occurs between the IMMIGRATION MOVEMENT.—The Chief of the Bureau of Statistics reports limits of high and low tide. The same sand does not produce sounds at all seatotal number of immigrants arrived at the ports of the United States from sons, nor does it always give forth like sounds. When wet it does not enit ncipal foreign countries during the month ended May 31, 1886, and the sounds. Samples, when transported in bags, lost their sonorousness, but retained months ended the same, as compared with the same periods of the preced it when sent in bottles.” The leading theory is that the sound is produced by r, were as follows:

friction between the angular particles, and the conditions are believed by Professor Eleven Eleven

Julien to be perfect dryness, uniformity of grain, varying from one-fifth to one. months months

tenth of an inch in diameter, and freedom from dust.-Buffalo Courier.
ended ended

AURORA SOUNDS.-In March, 1885, Sophus Tromholt dispatched some thou-
May, May, May 31,
Sritain and Ireland:

sand circulars to all parts of Norway containing different queries regarding the au-
1886. 1885. 1886. 1885.


and among them also the following: “ Have you or your acquaintances ever and and Wales


5,269 44,395 43,723 heard any sound during aurora, and, in this case, when and in what manner ?” Up ad

11,646 12,070 41,401 44,612 to September 16, he had received answers to these queries from 144 persons. Of and

1,763 1,238 10,377 7,853 these, not less than 92, or 64 per cent., believe in the existence of the aurora
11,456 21,189 76,238

110,202 sound, and 53 (36 per cent.) state that they have heard it themselves, while the
233 3,064

3,124 other 39 cite testimonials from other people; only 21 (15 per cent.) declare that

2,274 9,459 9,859 they have never heard the sound and know nothing about it, and the other 31 (22 a and Hungary

3,229 3,323 14,599 13,665 per cent.) have not noticed the query at all. There are thus 92 affirmations against Finland, and Poland

2,387 4,358 16,780 17,015 21 negations. The sound is variously described in these answers as sizzling, creakand Norway



ing, whizzing, rustling, crackling, hissing, whispering, rushing, buzzing, rippling, k

1,222 1,117 5,467 5,060 roaring, din, breezy, whipping, fanning, clashing, flapping, sweeping, etc. unds

449 781

2,117 2,518 | Nature. 4,046

2,417 18,436 11,779 and 653 618 4,336

Notes.—At a meeting of the Royal Astronomical Society May 14, Mr. Grubb,

5,410 I countries 547 636 4,587

the Dublin instrument maker, presented a model of an equatorial mounting and

dome which he had designed at the request of the Lick trustees for their 36-inch
62,627 284,274


-The following appropriations are recommended by the Committee on

Appropriations for the various scientific departments of the Government for the HORSES OF THE WORLD. According to Schwarzenecker, Prussia possesses fiscal year ending June 30, 1887: Coast survey, $407,246, being $146,250 less than r. 2,313,817 horses, or 97 horses for 1,060 inhabitants (91 per 1,000). was appropriated the past year; the number of field officers is reduced from 64 to the detailecl census of the number in each division of the empire given by 48; office force, from 103 to 91; geological survey, $467,700, the same amount as onhard, the census of 1873, the German empire contained altogether was appropriated last year; signal service, $799,493, being $64,587 less than was

horses, about 14 per cent. younger than three years; of the horses older appropriated last year; national museum, $157,560, $19,000 more than was appro, in round numbers, 70 per cent were employed in agriculture, 10 per priated last year; Smithsonian institution—international exchange, $10,000; North ommerce and industries, 3-2 per cent. in army use, 0.4 per cent. as stud American ethnology, $40,000, being the same amount as were appropriated last ad

3 per cent. as saddle and carriage horses. This gave 82 horses per year; fish commission, $220,040, being $40 more than was appropriated last year. abitants,

- The Athenaeum of June 12 states that arrangements are being made for holdHungary possesses three and one-half millions, or 99 per 1,000 inhab ing an international congress for discussing papers upon climatology, mineral and lungary alone has 2,000,000. France has altogether 2,882,850 horses thermal springs, and allied subjects at Biarritz, under the presidency of Dr. Du2000 mules, or 78 horses per 1,000 inhabitants, and 54 per square rand Fardel, the first week in October, to be followed by a three-weeks' tour to the

principal watering-places of southern France. -Howard Ayers has been ap: rk (census of 1881) possesses 316,570 horses; Belgium, 283,163 horses, pointed as an instructor in zoology at Harvard College. -According to Prof. 1,000 inhabitants; Holland, 250,000, or 73 per 1,000 inhabitants; Italy Heim, says Ciel et terre, the total number of glaciers at the Alps is 1,115, of 1868), 657,544, but in 1879 she had only 615,457 horses, besides 293,868 which 249 have a length greater than four miles and a half (7,500 metres). They witzerland, in 1866, about 105,000, or 40 per 1,000 inhabitants; Spain, are distributed as follows: In France, 144; Italy, 78; Switzerland, 471; Austria, ,680,373, besides 2,319,846 mules and asses; every year there are killed in 462. Their total superficial area is between five hundred and a thousand square ghts 3,000 to 4,000 horses; Portugal, 88,900 horses, 50,390 mules and miles. The longest is the Aletsch glacier in Austria, measuring over nine miles. sses; Russia (in 1872), 21,570,000 horses; Sweden and Norway, 655,456, -Late deep-sea explorations in the Atlantic, carried on under the auspices of rses per 1,000 inhabitants ; Greece, about 100,000; United States of the London geographical society, have shown that the ocean-bottom in the north

May 31,

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ern region is formed of two valleys, of which one, in width, reaches from the tenth linen cape over her shoulders and a white cap. Hitherto the Brussels Museum degree of east to the thirtieth of west longitude, extending to the equator, at a has only possessed one Rembrandt, the portrait of a man, dated 1641, and disdepth of not less than thirteen thousand feet. The other lies between the thir tinctly inferior to the present acquisition, which, moreover, is very cheap, as recent tieth and fiftieth degrees of west longitude. The mountain-chain separating the Rembrandts have risen as high as £6,200 and £8,000. The first annual exhitwo valleys extends northward toward Iceland, and southward to the Azores, and bition of the Detroit Museum of Art has been so much of a success that the citizens s of a volcanic character at its ends. Its greatest breadth is a little less than five have raised $150,000 for the purpose of a permanent museum. -Critics say that hundred miles.

the exhibition of the Royal Academy is at its worst; that it has reached its nadir in the way of exhibitions, and is only interesting here and there. -A Jew can be more than a trader. At this year's Paris salon, among the exhibitors are eighty

three Jewish artists. —The wife of Jules Ferry studied art under Henner, and MUSIC.

exhibited a very striking picture in the salon of 1881. She is also an enthusiast in music, and has enjoyed the teaching of Vancorbeil.– -One of the well-known

artists of Boston has induced Frederick Douglass to sit for his portrait. — It has NOTES.–Mr. Scovelli, who has made a debut in London at Drury Lane, is in been decided finally that the dedication of the Bartholdi statue shall be celebrated fact Mr. Scovell, the brother of the late Mrs. Gulager, whose voice and finished on the anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Paris, September 3.-Mr. style are always remembered with pleasure in New York amateur circles. Mr. Elliott Gregory, who painted several portraits of prominent society women when Scovell married the heiress Miss Marcia Roosevelt, but instead of living in foreign he was last here, will shortly sail from Havre by the steamship “Normandie,” lands in luxurious idleness, he has cultivated his voice, a tenor of good quality, arriving in New York on July 11th. -The pictures, sketches, and drawings of and has made an agreeable impression in English opera -At last accounts, Mme. the famous war painter, M. de Neuville, have, according to the British Architect, Albani had been singing Marguerite in Faust to crowded houses at Covent Garden, been sold for a total of $60,800,---The Art Students' League will begin its new and Miss Ella Russell, with her high, pure soprano, had scored a decided success season, under the presidency of Mr. Charles R. Lamb, on October 4th.-Roger in Lucia and Rigoletto. Rubinstein's performance of Liszt's Rhapsodies and his Riordan begins in the June Art Amateur a series of « Lessons in Water-Color “ Erl King,” an arrangement of Robert le Diable, have been highly commended. Painting. The July number contains a large colored plate, “ Yellow Roses," by Mine. Christine Nilsson, who will shortly be the Countess Miranda, it is said, sang Julia Dillon. -Mr. Whistler has been elected president of the Society of British Schulberth's “ Erl King" at the last Philharmonic in London, and Beethoven's Artists. “ Ah Perfido.” A new cantata by Cowen and a new suite by Moskowski have also been played. There is a prodigy in the way of a little girl pianist in Londɔn, who is but ten years of age, and played in a concert Mendelssohn's Capricio with great success. -Sarasate has given some successful concerts in London, and

LITERARY. his portrait by Whistler has been on exposition at the “ Salon ” in Paris during the spring, exciting the comment and criticism which that painter's work always produce. -Minnie Hawk has been obliged to pay Titus D' Ernesti his suit against her with costs. -Mrs. Turner gets $7,000 srom the American Opera Company

EDWIN P. WHIPPLE. as damages for breach of contract. -The following are the names of some of the operas based on Biblical subjects: The patriarch Moses has been a

The literary world has lost one of its brightest luminaries in the death of Edfavorite with composers. Lindpaintner wrote a « Moses Saved," Félicien

win P, Whipple. Tributes to his memory have been paid by the ablest pens. David and Raimondi a “ Moses on Sinai,” Gasparini an oratorio called “ Mose Opinions concerning the quality of his work have been expressed by the ripest Liberato del Nino," and Conti a “Moses Saved” (1722). The greatest of all, minds. The place he filled in literature has been designated by those of his prohowever, is Rossini's “Mosé,” with its well-known prayer. The story of " Jephtha" has been treated by Meyerbeer, Cepeda, and Pausch, while “Abraham's

fession whose fortune it is to outlive him. As collectors of public opinion on men Sacrifice” called forth the music of Raimondi, Cimarosa, Elsner, Blangini, Pre

and movements, it becomes our task, at once pleasant and sad, to preserve the dieri, and Rolle (1777). • Sampson the Mighty” found musicians in Urio, Ra flowers that have been laid on his tomb, lest being scattered they perish forever. meau, and Barili, and “Saul” in Buzzi, Speranzi, Vaccaj, and Seyfried. The haughty “ Judith” inspired one of Nauman's best works (1858), and Peri's “Giu In the death of Edwin P. Whipple (June 16), Boston loses an excellent essay. ditta” is another sacred opera. Among other Biblical personages we find a

ist and critic-one of an old but delightful school, which seems likely wholly to die • Potiphar,” by Raimondi; the “ Death of Adam,” by Leseur; the Death of

out soon, if it has not already quite disappeared. In these days of book-makingAbel,” by Rolle and Kreutzer; “ Pharoah," by Graum, and “ Joseph," by Bach

when the publisher gauges his market, and orders his supply to suit the next year's and Méhul. This last work is a masterpiece, and is occasionally revived at the

trade, taking thought for quick returns and rapid change of plant—who has the Opera Comique, Paris. In 1866 Marie Roze captured Paris by singing as Benja

heart to spend a life-time in transmuting himself into a book? And who is left min. An opera called “ La Prise de Jericho was given in Paris (1805), with

with leisure to note such a book, if it is written—to pore over it lovingly, to follow Mozart's music, by Laehnith and Kalkbrenner, and Raimondi's “Ruth” made a

its author into his haunts and re-discover him? Whipple was one of those whose success in Italy (1834). Finally, worth mention are Mermiet's “ David,” Kastner's

life was in books. He loved authors and their ana. He belonged to the era of “ Last King of Judah," Tarchi's Esther,” Caldara's “ Joash,” Conradi's “Go- lyceums and libraries; was himself a debater and lecturer, foraged widely in old liath,” Fuss“ Jacob and Rachel,” Stadler's “ Jerusalem Delivered,” Auber's

English literature, and scattered the results of his literary adventure up and down Prodigal Child," and Massenet's “ Hérodiade,” with its objectionable libretto,

New England from a hundred platforms. His lectures reappeared as essays ; his completes the list of works which treat of sacred themes.

essays expanded into book. The necessity of meeting his audience face to face made his style vivid, and kept his work fresh and spicy. Those old essays on Wordsworth and Byron, on James--not our James but the voluminous G. P. R.

are well worth reading to-day. There is humor in them, shrewd observation as DRAMA

well as acute criticism; and it is possible to discover there much of the life of the times and of its habits of thought. Though not without ability to penetrate

into deeper work, he was strongest in poetry and light literature, where beauty NOTES.-A few days ago the New York World made the assertion that “we rather than philosophy was to be tested. He was not an original thinker, but a have no dramatists worth mentioning.” This has roused the Hour to a reply, in

follower and discoverer, with a keen eye and a good scent. But he followed only which it is insisted that Bronson Hancock, author of “The Banker's Daughter,"

after what was sweet and wholesome and consoling, and that was the bent of New “One of Our Girls,” &c.; Bartley Campbell, who wrote “My Partner;" Mr. England forty years ago -- The Critic. Young, the author of “Pendragon;" Mr. Boker, who wrote “Francesca di Rimini ;”

With the exception of Lowell and Matthew Arnold, Whipple was the ablest Henry Guy Carleton, author of “Victor Durand,” and others of less note, are dra

critical essayist of his time, and the place he has left will not be readily filled. matists, if not of the first set, of respectable standing.-Lawrence Barrett con

Scarcely inferior to Macaulay in brilliance of diction and graphic portraiture, he templates building a sumptuous theater in New York at an early date to be devoted

was freer from prejudice and passion and more loyal to the truth of fact and hissolely to elaborate Shakespearean revivals and the best class of plays. -Japanese tory. He was a thoroughly honest man. He wrote with conscience always at his villages are multiplying. ---It is stated that there are more new theater buildings elbow, and never sacrificed his real convictions for the sake of epigram and anthis season than was ever known before in the history of the stage.—_The open

tithesis. He instinctively took the right side of the questions that came before him air theater in London is not a success in consequence of the fickleness of the

for decision, even when by so doing he ranked himself with the unpopular minorclimate,

ity. He had the manliest hatred of hypocrisy and meanness, but if his language had at times the severity of justice, it was never merciless. He set down naught

in malice. He will have an honored place in the history of American literature, ART.

but I cannot now dwell upon his authorship. I think of him as the beloved member of a literary circle, now, alas! sadly broken. I recall the wise, genial companion and faithful friend of nearly half a century, the memory of whose words

and acts of kindness moistens my eyes as I write. It is the inevitable sorrow of NOTES.—A statue in bronze of William Lloyd Carrison, seven feet high, the work of Olin L. Warner, is to be set up in Commonwealth avenue, Boston, directly increasing frequency, until we are compelled to ask with Wordsworth, “Who next

age that one's companions must drop away on the right hand and the left with opposite the Hotel Vendoine. -A splendid Rembrandt has been added to the

shall fall or disappear ?" But in the case of him who has just passed from us we Brussels Museum, bought from a Cologne picture-dealer for £4,000. It is a beau

have the satisfaction of knowing that his life work has been well and faithfully tifully preserved life-sized portrait of an aged

burgher Flemish housewife, boldly done, and that he leaves behind him only friends.—-Whittier, in Boston Tranand delicately executed, and belonging to Rembrandt's best period of work, as the

script. signature on the picture gives the date 1656. The old housewife stands upright with her hands crossed at her waist. She wears a black dress with a large white It is honor enough to say that in his prime Mr. Whipple was in good demand

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